Aezanis, Temple of Zeus, 117-138 AD 
  
History/Medieval Studies 303
Early Medieval and Byzantine Civilization: Constantine to Crusades

Index 

Syllabus 

Readings: 
 Book List  
 Iconoclasm 
 Discussion Topics 

Chronologies: 
 Imperial Crisis    
 Later Roman Emperors, 306-395   
 Fall of Western Empire   
 Age of Justinian   
 Islamic Caliphs   
 Byzantine Dark Ages     
 Triumph of Christianity    
 Macedonian Resurgence 
 Crusades 
 Restoration and Ottoman Advance   

Handouts: 
 Population 
 Finances under Justinian 
 Byzantium c.850A.D. 

Currency charts: 
   Diocletian and Constantine 
   Justinian and Heraclius 
   Isaurian, Amorian, and Macedonian Ages 
   Comnenian and Palaeogian Ages 

Links 

TRIUMPH OF CHRISTIANITY:(cont.)

I.  Birth of Christ thru Converstion of Constantine (c.6 B.C.-312 A.D.) 
II. Edict of Milan thru Death of Justinian (313-565 A.D.) 
 
313   "EDICT OF MILIAN": RELIGIOUS TOLERATION PROCLAIMED BY CONSTANTINE
318   Outbreak of the Arian Controversy
323   S. PACHOMIUS ORGANIZES FIRST COMMUNITY AT TABENNISI IN UPPER EGYPT: Growth of Cenobitism or Early Monasticism
324   Constantine reunites the Roman Empire
    Eusebius writes Ecclesiastical History
325   FIRST ECUMENICAL COUNCIL AT NICAEA
    Arian Theology declared heretical
328   ATHANASIUS elected Patriarch of Alexandria (328-373)
330   DEDICATION OF CONSTANTINOPLE
    Athanasius moves vs. Meletians (330-332)
335   Council of Tyre condemns Athanasius
    Arian Views accepted by Constantine
337   Baptism of Constantine in Arian confession on his deathbed
    CONSTANTIUS II (337-361) SUPPORTS ARIANISM
342   Arian Council of Sardica (Sofia): Arian Missions sent to Barbarians
    Ulfias converts Goths to Arianism 
    Imperial Edict prohibits public sacrifices
356   Imperial Ban on Pagan Cult Practices
361-363   JULIAN THE APOSTATE EMPEROR
    Imperial Legislation restores Paganism
    Imperial Toleration of Pagan Cults
363   Death of Julian; Jovian restores favored position of Christianity
c. 370   S. Basil composes his Rule for monastic life
379   Accession of THEODOSIUS I (379-395)
    Imperial Support to Nicene Christianity
381   SECOND ECUMENICAL COUNCIL OF CONSTANTIOPLE Condemnation of Arianism
382-384   Dispute over "Altar of Victory" in Rome
390   Massacre of Thessalonica; Theodosius humiliated before Bishop Ambrose of Milan
391   THEODOSIUS OUTLAWS ALL PAGAN SACRIFICES
    NICENE CHRISTIANITY PROCLAIMED OFFICIAL RELIGION OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE
    Riots in Alexandria destroy the Serapeum
392-394   Revolt of Eugenius and Arbogast in West
    Roman pagan aristocracy supports revolt
394   Battle of Frigidus: Theodosius crushes the pagan inspired forces of the West
395-430   AUGUSTINE, Bishop of Hippo
396-397   Augustine writes Confessions
411-26   Augustine writes City of God
429-31   Christological Controversy between NESTORIUS and CYRIL of Alexandria
431   THIRD ECUMENICAL COUNCIL OF EPHESUS
    Condemnation of Nestorianism
433   Formula of Reunion
440-461   PONTIFICATE OF LEO I "the Great"
444-451   DIOSCORUS, Patriarch of Alexandria
    Further Christological Disputes
449   LATROCINIUM: "Robber Council of Ephesus"
    Dioscorus affirms MONOPHYSITE interpretation
    Leo I writes his TOME
451   FOURTH ECUMENICAL COUNCIL AT CHALCEDON
    Monophysitism declared heretical
    Jerusalem recognized as Patriarchate
    THE SEARCH FOR RELIGIOUS UNITY, 451-565
    ORTHODOX CHRISTOLOGY OF THE TWO NATURES PROCLAIMED
452   Embassy of Pope Leo I to Attila the Hun
    Retreat of the Hun Army from Italy
    Leo I rejects Canon 28 of Chalcedon
455   Death of VALENTINIAN III: Disintegration of Western Roman Empire (455-476)
    Emergence of Arian and Pagan Teutonic Kingdoms in Northwestern Provinces and North Africa
457   Accession of LEO I, EMPEROR OF THE EAST (457-473)
    Recovery of Military and Political Power of East
471-489   ACACIUS, Patriarch of Constantinople
474   Accession of ZENO, EMPEROR OF THE EAST (474-491)
476   Deposition of Romulus Augustus: End of Western Empire
    Odovacer rules as magister militum in Italy & Dalmatia
482   Zeno issues HENOTICON
483   Consecration of POPE FELIX III (483-492)
    Outbreak of Vandal Persecutions of Orthodox Christians in Africa (483-484)
484   Council of Rome: POPE FELIX III CONDEMNS HENOTICON AND EXCOMMUNICATES PATRIARCH ACACIUS
    ACACIUS EXCOMMUNICATES FELIX III
    ACACIAN SCHISM (484-519); Zeno moves to reconcile the Monophysites
489-91   THEODORIC (489-526) and Ostrogoths conquer Italy
    Ostrogothic protection of Papal Authority
491   Accession of ANASTASIUS I (491-518)
496-98   Anastasius fails to end Acacian Schism
499?   Conversion of CLOVIS & FRANKS to Catholic Christianity
512-18   SEVERUS, Monophysite Patriarch of Antioch
513   Revolt of Vitalian and anti-Monophysite Riots against Anastasius in Constantinople
514-23   Pontificate of Pope HORMISDAS
518   Accession of JUSTIN I (518-527)
519   JUSTIN I RESCINDS THE HENOTICON: END OF ACACIAN SCHISM AND ACCEPTANCE OF CHALCEDON IN EAST
    Persecution of Monophysites (519-523)
    Severus of Antioch organizes Monophysite "counter church" and monasteries in Syria and Egypt
523-26   Pontificate of JOHN II
526   Death of King Theodoric; Succession Difficulties in Italy (526-535)
527   Outbreak of First Persian War (527-532)
    Accession of JUSTINIAN (527-565)
528-29   Justinian purges administration of pagans
529   St. Benedict founds MONTE CASSINO
    Neoplatonic Philosophers of Athens migrate to Persia
    Justinian proposes THEOPASCHITE THEOLOGY
532   NIKA REVOLT: Destruction of Hagia Sophia
    Abortive Conference with Monophysite Leaders at Constantinople (532-533)
533   Belisarius reconquers North Africa
535   Belisarius reconquers Sicily
    Imperial laws against heretics, Jews, and pagans in North Africa
536   Belisarius invades Italy; Reoccupation of Rome
537   FIRST GOTHIC SIEGE OF ROME (537-538)
    Belisarius deposes Pope Silverius (536-537)
    Election of POPE VIGILIUS (537-554)
    DEDICATION OF HAGIA SOPHIA
538-40   Renewed Byzantine Offensive in Italy
540   Fall of Ravenna to Belisarius
    Outbreak of Second Persian War (540-545)
542   Mission of John of Ephesus in Asia Minor
    Mission of Julian to Nubia
    Mission of James Baradaeus and Growth of Syrian Monophysite (Jacobite) Church
    TOTILA, KING OF GOTHS, RECOVERS ITALY (542-544)
545-46   SECOND GOTHIC SIEGE OF ROME; Collapse of Byzantine Position in Italy
546   JUSTINIAN CONDEMNS THE THREE CHAPTERS: FIRST MOVE TO RECONCILIATION WITH MONOPHYSITES
    Second Purge of Pagans from the Administration
547   Belisarius retakes Rome
    Death of ST. BENEDICT OF NURSIA
    Dedication of San Vitale in Ravenna
    Vigilius issues Judicatum
    John Troglita (547-48) pacifies North Africa
549-50   THIRD GOTHIC SIEGE OF ROME
552   BATTLE OF BUSTA GALLORUM: NARSES DEFEATS TOTILA
    Byzantine Reconquest of Italy (552-554)
553   FIFTH ECUMENICAL COUNCIL AT CONSTANTINOPLE
    CONDEMNATION OF THREE CHAPTERS
    Arrest and Imprisonment of Vigilius
554   Vigilius' Constitutium and Exile
    Alienation of Western and Monophysite Churches
555-61   Pontificate of PELAGIUS I
558   Replacement of Great Dome of Hagia Sophia
562   Third Purge of Pagans from Administration
565   Initiation of New Discussions with Monophysites
    Justinian proposes APTHARTODOCETIST DOCTRINE
    Death of Justinian; Accession of Justin II (565-578)
 

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Last updated 03/19/98
by Annette Lindblom