Aezanis, Temple of Zeus, 117-138 AD 
  
History/Medieval Studies 303
Early Medieval and Byzantine Civilization: Constantine to Crusades

Index 

Syllabus 

Readings: 
 Book List  
 Iconoclasm 
 Discussion Topics 

Chronologies: 
 Imperial Crisis    
 Later Roman Emperors, 306-395   
 Fall of Western Empire   
 Age of Justinian   
 Islamic Caliphs   
 Byzantine Dark Ages     
 Triumph of Christianity    
 Macedonian Resurgence 
 Crusades 
 Restoration and Ottoman Advance  

Handouts: 
 Population  
 Finances under Justinian  
 Byzantium c.850A.D.  

Currency charts: 
 Diocletian and Constantine  
 Justinian and Heraclius  
 Isaurian, Amorian, and Macedonian Ages  
 Comnenian and Palaeogian Ages  

Links

BYZANTIUM AND THE CRUSADES, 1081-1204:
 
I. Rulers 
II. First Crusade 
III. Fourth Crusade 
 
BYZANTINE EMPERORS 
Comnenian Dynasty   Angelan Dynasty
ALEXIUS I (1081-1118)   Isaac II (1185-1195)
JOHN II (1118-1143)   Alexius III (1195-1203)
MANUEL I (1143-1180)   Isaac II & Alexius IV (1203-1204)
Alexius II (1180-1183)   Alexius V Ducas (1204)
Andronicus I (1183-1185)    
 
CRUSADER STATES 
Kings of Jerusalem 
GODFREY OF BOUILLON (advocatus 1099-1100) 
BALDWIN I OF BOULOGNE (1100-1118) 
BALDWIN II de Burgh (1118-1131), former Count of Edessa 
Fulk the Young, of Anjou, (1131-1143) 
Baldwin III (1143-1162) 
Amalric I (1162-1174) 
Baldwin IV "the Leper King" (1174-1186) 
Baldwin V (1186) 
GUY DE LUSIGNAN (1186-1192) 

Princes of Antioch 
BOHEMOND I (1099-1111; titular prince after 1103) 
     TANCRED, regent 1100-1112 
Roger of Salerno (1112-1118) 
     Baldwin II of Jerusalem, regent 1118-1126 
Bohemond II (1126-1130) 
     Baldwin II, regent 1130-1131 
     Fulk the Young, regent 1131-1136 
Raymond of Poitiers (1136-1149) 
     Constance, regent 1149-1153 
     Reginald de Chatillon, regent 1153-1160 
     Constance, regent 1160-1163 
Bohemond IV (1163-1199) 
Bohemond V (1199-1233) 
 
Counts of Edessa   Counts of Tripoli
BALDWIN DE BURGH (1099-1118), then Baldwin II of Jerusalem   RAYMOND I St Gilles (1103-05)
Joscelin I of Courtney (1119-31)   William Jordan (1105-09)
Joscelin II of Courtney (1131-1150)   Bertram (1109-1112)
    Pons (1112-1137)
    Raymond II (1137-1152)
    RAYMOND III (1152-1187)
    Bohemond IV of Antioch (1187-1233)
 

 To Top
ALEXIUS I & FIRST CRUSADE, 1095-1099 
Nov. 25, 1095 COUNCIL OF CLERMONT; Urban II calls for First Crusade (1095-99)
Mar. 1095 Departure of People's Crusade
Aug. 15, 1096 Departure of Frankish Princes on Crusade
Oct. 21, 1096 Destruction of People's Crusade at NICAEA
Nov.-Dec. 1096 Arrival of Hugh of Vermandois and Godfrey of Lorraine at Constantinople
  ALEXIUS I secures oaths from Franks
May 1097 Arrival of Robert Curthose & Stephen of Blois at Constantinople
May 25-June 19, 1097 SIEGE OF NICAEA; Alexius I secures surrender of city
July 1, 1097 BATTLE OF DORYLAEUM: First Crusade defeats Kilij Arslan, Sultan of Rum
  Alexius & Imperial Army campaign in Western Asia Minor
Oct. 3, 1097 Crusaders commence SIEGE OF ANTIOCH
Dec. 30, 1097 Crusaders defeat first Turkish relief army under DUKAK of Damascus
Jan./Feb. 1098 Flight of Taticus & Byzantine force at Antioch
Feb. 8, 1098 Bohemond defeats second Turkish relief army under RIDVAN of Aleppo
Mar. 10, 1098 Armenians in EDESSA receive BALDWIN
  Creation of County of Edessa
June 3, 1098 Crusaders capture ANTIOCH; BOHEMOND PROCLAIMED PRINCE OF ANTIOCH
June 28, 1098 Crusaders defeat Third Turkish Relief Army under Kerbogha of Mosul
Aug. 26, 1098 Fatimid forces reoccupy JERUSALEM
Feb. 1099 Resumption of Crusader Advance to Jerusalem
July 15, 1099 CRUSADERS CAPTURE JERUSALEM
July 22, 1099 GODFREY of Bouillon elected Advocate of the Holy Sepulcher
 
 To Top
THE EVENTS OF THE FOURTH CRUSADE 
Jan. 8, 1198 Accession of Pope INNOCENT III
  Innocent III calls for new crusade
Nov. 1198 Fulk of Neuilly preaches in France
Nov. 1199 Tournament at Écry; Count Thibaut III, Louis of Blois & French nobles assume cross
Aug. 4, 1200 al-Adil proclaimed Sultan of Egypt & Syria
Winter 1200-1201 Arrival of Six Crusader Envoys in Venice
  Conclusion of Treaty of Venice (at 85,000 Marks of Cologne to deaprt June 29, 1202)
  Secret Agreement to attack Egypt
May 1201 Death of Thibaut III of Champagne
Spring 1201 Escape of Prince Alexius IV from Constantinople
  Alexius IV seeks assistance of PHILIP of SWABIA
Late June 1201 Election of BONIFACE OF MONTEFERRAT as leader of Fourth Crusade to succeed Thibaut III
1201-02 Failure of Crusaders to arrive in sufficient numbers and 34,000 marks in debt
Sept. 1202 Doge ENRICO DANDOLO assumes the cross
Oct. 1, 1202 Venetians & Crusade sail for ZARA
  Innocent III protests action against Zara
Nov. 24, 1202 FALL OF ZARA: Venetians & Crusaders share city and winter at Zara (Nov 1202-April 1203)
late Dec. 1202 TREATY OF ZARA: Alexius IV promises aid in return for restoration to his throne
Apr.-June 1203 Crusaders sail to Constantinope via Corfu, Euboea, and Bosporus
June 24, 1203 Crusaders enter Bosporus and land at Chalcedon (Scutari)
June 26, 1203 Byzantine reject Alexius IV
July 5, 1203 Capture of Tower of Galata; Crusade sails up Golden Horn and encamp overlooking BLACHERNAE PALACE
July 6, 1203 Crusaders & Venetians besiege Constantinople
July 17, 1203 Failure of General Assault; ALEXIUS III flees the city; ISSAC II proclaimed emperor
August 1, 1203 Coronation of Issac II and Alexius IV
  Promises to fulfill terms of Treaty of Zara
Aug.-Oct. 1203 Alexius IV and Crusaders campaign in Thrace
  Byzantine-Crusader Relations deteriorate
August 19, 1203 Explusion of Latins from Constantinople
  Great Fire ravages the city
Nov. 1203 Crusaders deliver ultimatum to Alexius IV
Dec. 1, 1203 Anti-Latin Riots erupt again
late Dec. 1203 Byzantine Efforts to burn Venetian Fleet
late Jan. 1204 Anti-Latin riots in Constantinople
Feb. 1, 1204 ALEXIUS V DUCAS seizes throne; murders of Issac II and Alexius IV; Refusal to honor terms of Treaty of Zara
Mar. 1204 Partitio Romaniae: Crusader-Venetian Agreement to partition Byzantine Empire
April 12, 1204 General Assault on City; Flight of Alexius V
April 13, 1204 Crusaders capture and sack Constantinople
May 9, 1204 Election of BALDWIN of Flanders Latin Emperor
 
To Top
Dr. Kenneth W. Harl 
Office: History 211 (504)862-8621 
Fax: (504) 862-8739 
Home: (504)866-5392 
 
 Tulane University
Last updated 03/19/98
by Annette Lindblom