Aezanis, Temple of Zeus, 117-138 AD 
  
History/Medieval Studies 303
Early Medieval and Byzantine Civilization: Constantine to Crusades

Index 

Syllabus 

Readings: 
 Book List  
 Iconoclasm 
 Discussion Topics 

Chronologies: 
 Imperial Crisis    
 Later Roman Emperors, 306-395   
 Fall of Western Empire   
 Age of Justinian   
 Islamic Caliphs   
 Byzantine Dark Ages     
 Triumph of Christianity    
 Macedonian Resurgence 
 Crusades 
 Restoration and Ottoman Advance  

Handouts: 
 Population  
 Finances under Justinian  
 Byzantium c.850A.D.  

Currency charts: 
   Diocletian and Constantine  
   Justinian and Heraclius  
   Isaurian, Amorian, and Macedonian Ages  
   Comnenian and Palaeogian Ages  

Links

MACEDONIAN RESURGENCE, 867-1081:

I. Dynasties 
II. Reconquest of the Balkans 
III. War and Diplomacy in Italy 
IV. Agrarian Legislation 
V. Chronological Table, 867-1081 
 

Macedonian Dynasty 
BASIL I "the Macedonian" (867-886)LEO VI "the Wise" (886-912) 
Alexander (912-913) 
CONSTANTINE VII PORPHYROGENITUS ("Born in the Purple") (813-957) 
ROMANUS I LECAPENUS (920-944) 
Romanus II (957-963) 
NICEPHORUS II PHOCAS (963-969) 
JOHN I TZIMISCES (969-976) 
BASIL II BULGAROCTENUS, "Bulgar-slayer" (ascended 963; actual reign 976-1025) 
CONSTANTINE VIII (ascended 963; actual reign 1025-1028) 
ROMANUS III ARGYRUS (928-1034) 
MICHAEL IV (1034-1041) 
Michael V (1041-1042) 
Zoe and Theodora (1042) 
CONSTANTINE IX MONOMACHUS (1057-1059) 
Theodora (1055-1056) 
Michael VI (1056-1057) 
ISAAC I COMNENUS (1057-1059) 

Ducas Dynasty 
Constantine X (1059-1067) 
ROMANUS IV DIOGENES (1068-1072) 
Michael VII (1071-1078) 
Nicephorus III (1078-1081) 

RULERS OF BULGARIA, KIEVAN RUSSIA & HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE 
Tsars of Bulgaria   Princes of Kiev
BORIS I (852-899)   Oleg (Helgi) (882?-912)
Vladimir (899-893)   Igor (Ingvar) (913-945)
SYMEON (893-927)   Olga (Helga) (945-965)
Peter (927-969)   SVIATOSLAV (Sveinheld) (964-972)
Boris II (969-971)    
Yaropolk (972-980)    
VLADIMIR (Valdimar) (980-1015)    
Kings of Germany and Holy Roman Emperors Tsars of Western Bulgaria
"Ottonian" or Saxon Dynasty SAMUEL (976-1014)
Henry I "the Fowler" (919-936) Gabriel Radomir (1014-1015)
OTTO I (936-973) John Vladislav (1015-1018)
OTTO II (973-983)  
OTTO III (983-1002)  
Henry II (1002-1024)  
 

 To Top
THE RECONQUEST OF THE BALKANS 
860   Settlement of VARANGIANS at Kiev
    First Varangian Naval Attack on Constantinople
    Conversion of Khazars to Judaism
    Emergence of Pecheneg Power on the Russian Steppes
863   Ratislav of Moravia requests Christian missionaries from MICHAEL III (842-867)
864   Baptism of Tsar BORIS I of Bulgaria (852-899)
867   Accession of BASIL I (867-886)
869   Coronation of Christopher as co-Augustus
870   Creation of Metropolitan of Preslav and autonomous Orthodox Bulgarian Church
878   Organization of Theme of Dalmatia
    Recovery of Imperial Naval Power in Adriatic
    Rise of Venetian Naval Power
879   Death of Christopher; LEO VI recognized as heir to the Macedonian dynasty
883-886   Arrest and Imprisonment of Leo VI
886   Accession of LEO VI "the Wise" (886-912)
894-897   BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WAR
895   Failure of Magyar-Byzantine Alliance; Pechenegs drive the Magyars westward and occupy Wallachian Plain
897-901   Marital and Succession Problems of Leo VI
899-93   Pagan Reaction in Bulgaria under Vladimir
    Leo VI supports SYMEON (893-927) to Bulgarian throne
901   Elevation of NICHOLAS MYSTICUS (901-907) as Patriarch of Constantinople
    Fourth Marriage of Leo VI to Zoe Carbospina
    Outbreak of Tetragamic Controversy (901-907)
904   Arabs of Crete sack Thessalonica
907   Deposition of Patriarch Nicholas Mysticus
    Revolt of Andronicus Ducas in Asia Minor
    Second Varangian Naval Attack on Constantinople
    Commercial Treaty between Byzantium Empire and Prince Oleg (Helgi) of Kiev
911   Restortion of Nicholas Mysticus (911-925)
    Renewal of Byzantine-Varangian Commerical Treaty
912   Accession of ALEXANDER (912-913)
913   BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WAR (913-924): SYMEON ravages Thrace, Macedon, and northern Greece
    Accession of CONSTANTINE VII "Porphyrogentius"
    Regency of NICHOLAS MYSTICUS (913-915)
    Coronation of Tsar Symeon and Promise of Marriage Alliance to Symeon
915   Political Downfall of Nicholas Mysticus
    REGENCY of ZOE CARBOSPINA (915-919)
917   Battle of Anchilaus: Symeon defeats Imperial army under Domestic Leo Phocas
919   Romanus Lecapenus, Drungarius of Fleet, stages coup against Zoe Carbospina
920   Coronation of ROMANUS I LECAPENUS as co-Augustus (920-944)
    Marriage of Constantine VII to Helena, daughter of Romanus I
    Diplomatic and Military Isolation of Symeon
924   Treaty between Romanus I and Symeon
    Political Decline of Bulgaria
927   Defeat and Death of Symeon in Croatia
    Accession of Tsar Peter I (927-969)
    Rise of BOGOMIL HERESY in Balkans
941   Third Varangian Naval Attack on Constantinople
944   Fourth Varangian Naval Attack on Constantinople
    Death of Romanus I; Constantine VII assumes direct rule (944-957)
945   Constantine VII and Prince Igor of Kiev renegotiate commerical treaty
957   Accession of ROMANUS II (957-963)
959/60   Visit and Conversion of Queen Olga (Helga) of Kiev
963   Death of Romanus II; Regency of THEOPHANO for her sons BASIL II and CONSTANTINE VIII
    Marriage of Theophano and NICEPHORUS II PHOCAS (963-969)
966   Nicephorus II invites Prince SVIATOSLAV of Kiev to invade Bulgaria
967   VARANGIAN INVASION OF BULGARIA
    Sviatoslav fortifies Dorystolum on the Danube
968-70   Russian Conquest of Bulgaria
969   Assassination of Nicephorus II
    Accession of JOHN I TZIMISCES (969-976)
970-971   John I besieges and defeats Sviatoslav in Dorystolum
    Withdrawal and Destruction of Varangians by the Pechenegs
    Byzantine Annexation of Eastern Bulgaria
976   Death of John I; Accession of BASIL II BULGAROCTENUS (976-1025)
    Outbreak of Rebellion in Western Bulgaria under TSAR SAMUEL (976-1014)
976-79   REVOLT OF BARDAS SCLERUS in Asia Minor
979-86   FIRST BULGARIAN WAR of Basil II
986   Battle of Serdica (Sofia): Defeat of Basil II in Trajan's Gates
987-89   REVOLTS OF BARDAS SCLERUS AND BARDAS PHOCAS in Asia Minor
988   Appeal of Basil II for aid from Prince VLADIMIR of Kiev: Arrival of VARANGIAN GUARD
989   Battles of Chrysopolis and Abydos: Defeat of Bardas Phocas
    Conversion of Vladimir to Orthodox Christianity
    Marriage of Vladimir and Anna, sister of Basil II
990-1016   SECOND BULGARIAN WAR of Basil II
998   Treaty between Basil II and Venice
    Venice assumes responsibility for Dalmatian cities
1014   BATTLE OF CLEIDON PASS: Destruction of Bulgarian Army and Death of Tsar Samuel
1014-16   Annexation of Western Bulgaria
    Submission of Serbia and Croatia
    MACEDONIAN RESURGENCE
    THE EASTERN FRONTIER, 861-1045
861   Death of Caliph al-Mutawakkil and Disintergration of Abbasid Caliphate
863   BATTLE OF POSON: Decisive Byzantine Victory over Arabs & Beginning of Byzantine Counteroffensive
866   Abortive Naval Expedition of MICHAEL III against the Arabs of Crete
867   Accession of BASIL I (867-886)
868-906   Tulunid Rebellion in Egypt
869-71   Campaigns of Basil I against PAULICIANS
    Capture and Annexation of Tephrice
    Organization of theme of MESOPOTAMIA (871-888)
876-81   Byzantine Occupation of Cyprus
885-90   Revival of Armenian Power under Bagratid Dynasty
    Leo VI recognizes Ashot I "the Great"
886-912   Reign of LEO VI: Bulgarian Wars (894-924) interrupt Eastern Advance
904   Arabs of Crete Sack Thessalonica
909-14   Civil War and Islamic Invasion in Armenia
911-12   Abortive Expedition against Arabs of Crete
920-44   Reign of ROMANUS I: Resumption of Eastern Advance
    Romanus I restores Ashot II (914-928) to Armenia
923   Appointment of JOHN CUCURAS as Domestic
934   Annexation of MELITENE
935-69   Ikshidid-Abbasid Struggle over Syria and Iraq
940-62   SAYF-AD-DAWALAH, Hamdanid Emir of Aleppo (944-967), directs Islamic Resistance
    Desultory Fighting in Cilicia, Mesopotamia, and Armenia
949   Abortive Expedition against the Arabs of Crete
960   Appointment of NICEPHORUS PHOCAS as Domestic
    Annexation of Theodosiopolis
    Fragmentation of Armenian Kingdom
960-61   Domestic NICEPHORUS PHOCAS conquers CRETE
962   Nicephorus Phocas captures and sacks ALEPPO
963   Accession of NICEPHORUS II PHOCAS (963-969)
965   Nicephorus II conquers Teluch (Cilicia) and Cyprus
968   Annexation of Armenian Principality of Taron
969   Recapture of ANTIOCH and Organization of Catepanate of Syria
    FATIMID Conquest of Egypt and Palestine
970   Second Sack of ALEPPO: Muslim Northern Syria reduced to a client state
974   First Eastern Expedition of JOHN I TZIMISCES
    Submission of Ashot III (952-977) of Armenia
975   Second Eastern Expedition of JOHN I TZIMISCES
    Byzantine Penetration into Palestine
996   First Syrian Expedition of BASIL II: Repulse of Fatimid Attack on Northern Syria
999   Second Syrian Expedition of BASIL II
1001   Treaty of BASIL II and Fatimid Caliph al-Hakim
    Protection of Pilgrimage Routes
1008   Unification of Iberia and Abasgia into KINGDOM OF GEORGIA under Bagrat III (1008-1014)
1018   Seljuk Turks defeat David of Vaspurakan
1021   King Sennacherib-John cedes Vaspurakan to Basil II
    King Sennacherib-John and 14,000 Armenians granted lands in Cappadocia
    Migration of Armenians into eastern Asia Minor
1021-22   GEORGIAN WAR of BASIL II
    Annexation of Iberia and Submission of King George II (1014-1027)
1032   Domestic GEORGE MANIACES conquers EDESSA
1045   Annexation of Ani
 
 To Top
Dr. Kenneth W. Harl 
Office: History 211 (504)862-8621 
Fax: (504) 862-8739 
Home: (504)866-5392 
 
 Tulane University
Last updated 03/19/98
by Annette Lindblom