Aezanis, Temple of Zeus, 117-138 AD 
  
History/Medieval Studies 303
Early Medieval and Byzantine Civilization: Constantine to Crusades

Index 

Syllabus 

Readings: 
 Book List  
 Iconoclasm 
 Discussion Topics 

Chronologies: 
 Imperial Crisis    
 Later Roman Emperors, 306-395   
 Fall of Western Empire   
 Age of Justinian   
 Islamic Caliphs   
 Byzantine Dark Ages     
 Triumph of Christianity    
 Macedonian Resurgence 
 Crusades 
 Restoration and Ottoman Advance  

Handouts: 
 Population  
 Finances under Justinian  
 Byzantium c.850A.D.  

Currency charts: 
   Diocletian and Constantine  
   Justinian and Heraclius  
   Isaurian, Amorian, and Macedonian Ages  
   Comnenian and Palaeogian Ages  

Links

MACEDONIAN RESURGENCE, 867-1081:

I. Dynasties 
II. Reconquest of the Balkans 
III. War and Diplomacy in Italy 
IV. Agrarian Legislation 
V. Chronological Table, 867-1081 
 
MACEDONIAN WAR AND DIPLOMACY IN ITALY 
839   Arabs take Brindisi, Taranto, and Bari
    Endemic Arabic Raids in Southern and Central Italy
840   Death of LOUIS I "the Pious" (814-840)
    Civil War and Viking Invasions in Western Europe
    Disintergration of the Carolingian Empire
842-67   Reign of MICHAEL III "the Drunkard"
843   TREATY OF VERDUN: Partition of Carolingian Empire among LOTHAR (840-855), LOUIS "the German" (840-876), and CHARLES "the Bald" (840-877)
858-67   Pontificate of NICHOLAS I
858-67   Deposition of Patriarch Ignatius and Election of PHOTIUS
863   Pope Nicholas I declares Election of Photius void:
    Outbreak of PHOTIAN SCHISM (863-867)
866-67   Competition of Nicholas I and Photius over Conversion of Bulgaria
867-86   Reign of BASIL I
867   Deposition of Photius; Restoration of Communion between Rome and Constantinople
871   Western Emperor LOUIS II (855-875) captures Bari
875   Assassination of Louis II; Basil I secures Bari
878   Fall of Syracuse to the Arabs
880-85   Byzantine Reconquest of Longobardia and Calabria
886-912   Reign of LEO VI
896   Death of Pope Formosus (891-896)
    PAPAL PORNOCRACY (896-962): Decline of Papal Authority in West
901-907   Tetragamic Controversy betweeen Pope Sergius III and Patriarch Nicholas Mysticus
913-57   Reign of CONSTANTINE VII
915   Alliance between Empress Zoe Carbospina and Pope John X (914-928)
    Battle of Garigliano: Byzantine-Papal-Lombard Army ends Arabic threat to Italy
936-73   Reign of OTTO I (Emperor after 962)
955   Battle of the Lech: Otto I defeats Hungarians
    Emergence of Ottonian (Holy Roman) Empire in Germany
957-63   Reign of ROMANUS II
961-81   Unification of South Lombard Principalities under PALDOLF I IRONHEAD of CAPUA
962   Coronation of OTTO I HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR
964   Defeat of Byzantine Naval Expedition against Sicily
    Revolt of Paldolf Ironhead: Lombard-German Alliance
967-68   Negotiations between Otto I and Nicephorus II Phocas
    Mission of LIUDPRAND OF CREMONA
968-69   BYZANTINE-GERMAN WAR in Italy
969-76   Reign of JOHN I TZIMISCES
    Renewed Negotiations between John I and Otto I
972   Marriage of Theophano and Otto II
    Byzantine Cultural and Spiritual Influence in Germany and Central Europe
973-83   OTTO II Holy Roman Emperor
976-1025   Reign of BASIL II
982   Expedition of Otto II to Italy
    Battle of Cortone: Arabs defeat Otto II in Calabria
    Creation of Catepanate of Italy
983-1002   OTTO III Holy Roman Emperor
1002-24   HENRY II Holy Roman Emperor
    German Support for Lombard Rebels in South Italy
1017-18   Revolt of MELO
1018   Battle of CANNAE: Catepan Basil Bojoannes crushes Lombard Insurgents
    Restoration of Imperial Rule in Italy
1025   Death of BASIL II on eve of Sicilian Expedition
 

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MACEDONIAN AGRARIAN LEGISLATION 
c. 700   Composition of Farmer's Law (Nomos Georgikos)
726   Promulgation of Ecloga of Leo III
810   Reforms of Nicephorus I
821-24   Revolt of Thomas the Slav: Rural Discontent in Asia Minor
922   FIRST NOVEL OF ROMANUS I: Affirmation of Peasant's Preemption Right (three years for freeholds and thirty years for military tenures)
927-28   Crop Failure and Famine; Peasants forced to sell land holding
934   SECOND NOVEL OF ROMANUS I: Extension of Preemption Rights
947   Novel of Constantine VII: Preemption Rights extended to forty years
966-69   Two Novels of NICEPHORUS II PHOCAS
    Property Requirement of Cavalry raised from 4 to 12 pounds of gold
    Prohibitions on Chruch's Purchase of Land
975   First Novel of John I
976   Second Novel of John I
976-79   Revolt of Bardas Sclerus
986-89   Revolt of Bardas Sclerus and Bardas Phocas
996   FIRST NOVEL OF BASIL II
1002/3   SECOND NOVEL OF BASIL II: Landlords must pay allelengyon
1028-34   ROMANUS III abolishes Macedonian Land Legislation
    Development of PRONOIA TENURE
 
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Dr. Kenneth W. Harl 
Office: History 211 (504)862-8621 
Fax: (504) 862-8739 
Home: (504)866-5392 
 
 Tulane University
Last updated 03/19/98
by Annette Lindblom