Aezanis, Temple of Zeus, 117-138 AD 
  
History/Medieval Studies 303
Early Medieval and Byzantine Civilization: Constantine to Crusades

Index 

Syllabus 

Readings: 
 Book List  
 Iconoclasm 
 Discussion Topics 

Chronologies: 
 Imperial Crisis    
 Later Roman Emperors, 306-395   
 Fall of Western Empire   
 Age of Justinian   
 Islamic Caliphs   
 Byzantine Dark Ages     
 Triumph of Christianity    
 Macedonian Resurgence 
 Crusades 
 Restoration and Ottoman Advance    

Handouts: 
 Population  
 Finances under Justinian  
 Byzantium c.850A.D.  

Currency charts: 
   Diocletian and Constantine  
   Justinian and Heraclius  
   Isaurian, Amorian, and Macedonian Ages  
   Comnenian and Palaeogian Ages  

Links

MACEDONIAN RESURGENCE, 867-1081:

I. Dynasties 
II. Reconquest of the Balkans 
III. War and Diplomacy in Italy 
IV. Agrarian Legislation 
V. Chronological Table, 867-1081 
 
CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 
867   Murder of Michael III; Accession of BASIL I (867-86)
    Deposition of Patriarch PHOTIUS
    END OF PHOTIAN SCHISM & Restoration of Communion between Rome and Constantinople
869   Coronation of Constantine as co-Augustus
869-71   Campaigns of Basil I against PAULICIANS
    Capture and Annexation of Tephrice
    Organization of theme of MESOPOTAMIA (871-888)
870   Preslav elevated to Metropolitan of autonomous Orthodox Bulgarian Church
875   Basil I secures Bari in southern Italy
876-81   Byzantine Occupation of Cyprus
878   Organization of Theme of Dalmatia
    Recovery of Imperial Naval Power in Adriatic
    Rise of Venetian Naval Power
    Arabs Catpure SYRACUSE in Sicily
879   Death of Constantine; LEO VI recognized as heir
880-85   Nicephorus Phocas the Elder reconquers Longobardia and Calabria in southern Italy
885-90   Revival of Armenian Power under Bagratid Dynasty
886   Accession of LEO VI "the Wise" (886-912)
    Leo VI recognizes Ashot I "the Great" of Armenia
889-93   Pagan Reaction under Vladimir in Bulgaria
    Leo VI supports SYMEON (893-927) to Bulgarian throne
894-97   BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WAR
895   Failure of Magyar-Byzantine Alliance; Pechenegs drive the Magyars westward into Wallachian Plain
896   Death of Pope Formosus (891-896)
    PAPAL PORNOCRACY (896-962): Decline of Papal Authority in West & Political Fragmentation of Italy
897-901   Marital and Succession Problems of Leo VI
901   NICHOLAS MYSTICUS (901-907), Patriarch of Constantinople
904   Arabs of Crete sack Thessalonica
905   Birth of Constantine VII Porphyrogentius
    Fourth Marriage of LEO VI to ZOE CARBONOSPINA
    TETRAGAMIC CONTROVERSY betweeen Pope Sergius III & Patriarch Nicholas Mysticus
907   Deposition of Patriarch Nicholas Mysticus
    Revolt of ANDRONICUS DUCAS in Asia Minor
    SECOND VARANGIAN NAVAL ATTACK on Constantinople
    Commerical Treaty between Byzantium Empire and Prince Oleg (Helgi) of Kiev
911   Restortion of Nicholas Mysticus (911-925)
    Renewal of Byzantine-Varangian Commerical Treaty
    Abortive Expedition against Arabs of Crete (911-912)
912   Accession of ALEXANDER (912-913)
913   BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WAR (913-924): SYMEON ravages Thrace, Macedon, and northern Greece
    Accession of CONSTANTINE VII PORPHYROGENTIUS
    Regency of NICHOLAS MYSTICUS (913-915)
    Coronation of Tsar Symeon and Promise of Marriage Alliance to Symeon
915   Political Downfall of Nicholas Mysticus
    REGENCY of ZOE CARBONOSPINA (915-919)
    Alliance of Empress Zoe & Pope John X (914-928)
    Battle of Garigliano: Byzantine-Papal-Lombard Army ends Arabic threat to Italy
917   Battle of Anchilaus: Symeon defeats Imperial army under Domestic Leo Phocas
919   ROMANUS LECAPENUS, Drungarius of Fleet, seizes power & deposes regent empress Zoe Carbonospina
920   Coronation of ROMANUS I LECAPENUS (920-944)
    Constantine VII marries Helena (daughter of Romanus)
    Romanus I checks Symeon in Balkans
    Romanus I restores Ashot II (914-928) to Armenia
922   FIRST NOVEL OF ROMANUS I
923   Appointment of JOHN CURCUAS as Domestic of East
    Resumption of Byzantine Eastern Offensive (923-944)
924   Treaty between Romanus I & Symeon
    End of BYZANTINE-BULGARIAN WAR & Decline of Bulgaria
927   Defeat and Death of Symeon in Croatia
    Accession of Tsar Peter I (927-969)
    Rise of BOGOMIL HERESY in Balkans
934   Annexation of MELITENE on Upper Euphrates
    SECOND NOVEL OF ROMANUS I
936-73   Reign of OTTO I, King of Germany
940-62   SAYF-AD-DAWALAH, Hamdanid Emir of Aleppo (944-967), directs Islamic Resistance on Upper Euphrates
    Desultory Fighting in Cilicia, Mesopotamia & Armenia
941   Third Varangian Naval Attack on Constantinople
944   John Curcuas secures MANDYLION of Edessa
    FOURTH VARANGIAN NAVAL ATTACK on Constantinople
    Death of Romanus I; Constantine VII assumes direct rule (944-957)
945   Constantine VII and Prince Igor of Kiev renegotiate commercial treaty
947   NOVEL of Constantine VII
949   Abortive Expedition against the Arabs of Crete
955   Battle of the Lech: Otto I defeats Hungarians
    Emergence of Ottonian (Holy Roman) Empire in Germany
957   Accession of ROMANUS II (957-963)
959/60   Visit and Conversion of QUEEN OLGA (Helga) of Kiev
960   NICEPHORUS PHOCAS, Domestic of East (960-963)
    Capture & Annexation of Theodosiopolis
    Political Fragmentation of Armenia
961   Domestic NICEPHORUS PHOCAS conquers CRETE
    Unification of South Lombard Principalities under PALDOLF I IRONHEAD of CAPUA (961-981)
962   Nicephorus Phocas captures and sacks ALEPPO in Syria
    Coronation of OTTO I Holy Roman Emperor at Rome
963   Death of Romanus II; Regency of THEOPHANO for her sons BASIL II and CONSTANTINE VIII
    Marriage of Theophano and NICEPHORUS II PHOCAS
    Accession of NICEPHORUS II PHOCAS (963-969)
964   Defeat of Byzantine Naval Expedition in Sicily
    Revolt of Paldolf Ironhead: Lombard-German Alliance
    FIRST NOVEL OF NICEPHORUS
965   Nicephorus II conquers Teluch (Cilicia) and CYPRUS
966   Nicephorus II invites Prince SVIATOSLAV of Kiev to invade Bulgaria
967   VARANGIAN INVASION OF BULGARIA
    Sviatoslav fortifies Dorystolum on the Danube
    SECOND NOVEL OF NICEPHORUS II
    Mission of LIUDPRAND OF CREMONA (967-969): 
968   Annexation of Armenian Principality of TARON
    Russian Conquest of Bulgaria (968-970)
    BYZANTINE-GERMAN WAR in Italy (968-969)
969   Capture of ANTIOCH & Creation of Catepanate of Syria
    FATIMID Conquest of Egypt and Palestine
    Assassination of Nicephorus II
    Accession of JOHN I TZIMISCES (969-976)
970   Byzantine Army sacks ALEPPO and reduces Muslim Northern Syria to client status
    John I defeats Sviatoslav at Dorystolum
    Siege of DORYSTOLUM (970-971)
    Negotiations between John I and Otto I (970-972)
971   Capitulation and Withdrawal of Sviatoslav
    PECHENEGS destroy retreating Varangians
    Byzantine Annexation of Eastern Bulgaria
972   Marriage of THEOPHANO & OTTO II
    Byzantine Cultural and Spiritual Influence in Germany and Central Europe
973-83   OTTO II, Holy Roman Emperor
974   First Eastern Expedition of JOHN I TZIMISCES
    Submission of Ashot III (952-977) of Armenia
975   Second Eastern Expedition of JOHN I TZIMISCES
    Byzantine Advance into Palestine
    FIRST NOVEL OF JOHN I
976   SECOND NOVEL OF JOHN I & Death of John I
    Accession of BASIL II BULGAROCTENUS (976-1025)
    TSAR SAMUEL (976-1014) revolts in Western Bulgaria
976-79   REVOLT OF BARDAS SCLERUS in Asia Minor
979-86   FIRST BULGARIAN WAR of Basil II
982   Italian Expedition of Holy Roman Emperor Otto II
    Battle of Cortone: Arabs defeat army of Holy Roman Emperor OTTO II in in Calabria
    Creation of Catepanate of Italy
983-1002   OTTO III Holy Roman Emperor
986   Battle of TRAJAN'S GATES near Serdica (Sofia): Defeat of Basil II by Bulgarians
987-89   REVOLTS OF BARDAS SCLERUS & BARDAS PHOCAS in Anatolia
988   Appeal of Basil II to Prince VLADIMIR of Kiev: Arrival of VARANGIAN GUARD
989   Battles of Chrysopolis and Abydos: Basil II defeats Bardas Phocas & recovers Asia Minor
    Conversion of VLADIMIR to Orthodox Christianity
    Marriage of Vladimir and Anna, sister of Basil II
990-1016   SECOND BULGARIAN WAR of Basil II
995-96   First Syrian Expedition of BASIL II: Repulse of Fatimid Attack on Northern Syria
996   FIRST NOVEL OF BASIL II
998   Treaty between Basil II and Venice
    Venice assumes responsibility for Dalmatian cities
999-1001   Second Syrian Expedition of BASIL II
1001   Treaty of BASIL II and Fatimid Caliph al-Hakim
    Protection of Pilgrimage Routes
1002   SECOND NOVEL OF BASIL II
    Accession of Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor (1002-24)
1008   Unification of Iberia and Abasgia into KINGDOM OF GEORGIA under Bagrat III (1008-1014)
1014   BATTLE OF CLEIDON PASS: Destruction of Bulgarian Army and Death of Tsar Samuel
1014-16   Annexation of Western Bulgaria & Submission of Serbia and Croatia
1017-18   Lombard Revolt of MELO in southern Italy with aid of Western Emperor Henry II
1018   Battle of CANNAE: Catepan Basil Bojoannes crushes Lombard Insurgents
    SELJUK TURKS defeat David of Vaspurakan
1021   King Sennacherib-John cedes Vaspurakan to Basil II
    King Sennacherib-John and 14,000 Armenians granted lands in Cappadocia
    Migration of Armenians into eastern Asia Minor
1021-22   GEORGIAN WAR of BASIL II
    Annexation of Iberia & Submission of King George II (1014-1027)
1025   Death of Basil II
 

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Dr. Kenneth W. Harl 
Office: History 211 (504)862-8621 
Fax: (504) 862-8739 
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 Tulane University
Last updated 03/19/98
by Annette Lindblom