Aezanis, Temple of Zeus, 117-138 AD 
  
History/Medieval Studies 303
Early Medieval and Byzantine Civilization: Constantine to Crusades

Index 

Syllabus 

Readings: 
 Book List  
 Iconoclasm 
 Discussion Topics

Chronologies: 
 Imperial Crisis    
 Later Roman Emperors, 306-395   
 Fall of Western Empire   
 Age of Justinian   
 Islamic Caliphs   
 Byzantine Dark Ages     
 Triumph of Christianity    
 Macedonian Resurgence 
 Crusades 
 Restoration and Ottoman Advance   

Handouts:  
 Population  
 Finances under Justinian  
 Byzantium c.850A.D.  

Currency charts:
 Diocletian and Constantine 
   Justinian and Heraclius  
   Isaurian, Amorian, and Macedonian Ages  
   Comnenian and Palaeogian Ages  

Links 

THE AGE OF JUSTINIAN:
WAR AND DIPLOMACY

AGE OF JUSTININIAN
I. RULERS 
II. WAR AND DIPLOMACY  

War and Diplomacy
I. Eastern Frontier 
II. Reconquest of Africa 
III. Reconquest of Italy 

I. THE EASTERN FRONTIER 
526   Earthquake at Antioch
    Outbreak of FIRST PERSIAN WAR (526-532)
529   BELISARIUS assumes command of Eastern Army
530   BATTLE OF DARAS: BELISARIUS DEFEATS PERSIAN ARMY
531   Death of Shah KAVAD; Accession of Shah CHOSROES (KHUSRAU) I (531-579)
532   PERPETUAL PEACE: Justinian pays 11,000 pounds of gold (782,000 solidi) to Chosroes I
539   Tax Revolts in Eastern Asia Minor and Armenia
    Witigis appeals to Chosroes I
540   Outbreak of SECOND PERSIAN WAR (540-545)
    CHOSROES I INVADES MESOPOTAMIA AND SYRIA
    PERSIANS SACK ANTIOCH
541   BELISARUS assumes command of Eastern Army
    Imperial Offensives against Nisibis (541-543)
544   Persian Siege of EDESSA; Miracle of Intercession of the MANDELION ("Holy Image of Christ")
545   FIVE YEAR TRUCE: Justinian pays Chosroes 2,000 pounds of gold (144,000 solidi)
551   Renewal of FIVE YEAR TRUCE: Justinian pays Chosroes 2,600 pounds of gold (187,200 solidi)
561/2   FIFTY YEAR TREATY: Justinian pays Chosroes 210,000 solidi calculated at 30,000 per year
569   Justin II pays Chosroes 90,000 solidi
572   JUSTIN II refuses annual subsidy of 30,000 solidi to Chosroes: OUTBREAK OF PERSIAN WAR (572-591)
 
II. THE RECONQUEST OF AFRICA 
523   Accession of King HILDERIC (523-530)
    Pro-Roman & Pro-Catholic Policy in Vandal Kingdom
530   GELIMER (530-533) deposes Hilderic & initiates anti-Roman and anti-Catholic Policies in Africa
532   Suppression of NIKA REVOLT; Belisarius prepares African Expedition
533   Belisarius invades North Africa: Battles of AD DECIMUM and TRICAMARON
    Imperial Reconquest of Africa
534   Surrender of Gelimer
    Recall and Triumph of Belisarius
    SOLOMON reorganizes the African Provinces
536   Outbreak of Mutiny under STOTZAS (536-539)
    Belisarius recalled to Carthage
537-539   Expedition of GERMANUS to Africa
    Restoration of Order in African Provinces
539-544   Second Administration of SOLOMON
543   PLAGUE RAVAGES AFRICA; OUTBREAK OF GREAT MOORISH REBELLION (543-548)
544   Defeat and Death of Solomon at Cillium
546-548   EXPEDITION OF JOHN TROGLITAS
    Restoration of Order in North Africa
562/3   Marcian suppresses Moorish Uprising
 
III. RECONQUEST OF ITALY 
519   JUSTIN I ENDS ACACIAN SCHISM: RESTORATION OF COMMUNION BETWEEN ROME AND CONSTANTINOPLE
524   THEODERIC (489-526) executes Boethius
    Roman Senate alienated from Gothic rule
526   Death of THEODORIC & Accession of ATHALARIC (526-534): Regency of AMALASUNTHA
534   Death of Athalaric; Amalasuntha concludes alliance with Justinian
    Marriage of Amalasuntha and THEODAHAD (534-536)
535   Murder of Amalasuntha; Justinian declares war
    BELISARIUS conquers Sicily
536   BELISARIUS INVADES ITALY: Imperial Forces capture Rhegium and Naples (Nov.)
    Goths depose Theodahad and elect WITIGIS (536-540) as king; Witigis abandons Rome
    Belisarius occupies Rome (December 9, 536)
537   FIRST SIEGE OF ROME (Jan. 537-Mar. 538)
    Justinian sends Reinforcements to Italy
538   Witigis raises Siege of Rome
    Goths besiege JOHN at Ariminum (Rimini)
    Arrival of Reinforcements under NARSES
    Belisarius assumes Offensive in Central Italy
    Mundalias liberates Liguria and reoccupies MILAN
539   Intervention of Franks; Fall & Sack of Milan
    Recall of Narses
    Belisarius besieges Witigis in RAVENNA (539-540)
540   SURRENDER OF WITIGIS
    Imperial Administration reorganized at RAVENNA
    RECALL OF BELISARIUS TO THE EAST
541   TOTILA ELECTED KING OF THE OSTROGOTHS & overruns Italy (541-543)
544   BELISARIUS RETURNS TO ITALY (544-549)
545-547   SECOND SIEGE OF ROME
    Justinian rejects Totila's Peace Terms
547   Belisarius reoccupies Rome & repels Totila
549   Belisarius recalled from Italy
    THIRD SIEGE OF ROME (549-550); TOTILA RECAPTURES ROME AND OFFERS NEW PEACE PROPOSAL
550   GERMANUS ORGANIZES NEW ITALIAN EXPEDITION
    Liberius intervenes in Spain (550-551)
551   Death of Germanus; NARSES assumes command of the Italian Expedition
552   BATTLE OF BUSTA GALLORUM: NARSES DEFEATS GOTHIC ARMY AND DEATH OF TOTILA
    Surrender of Rome to Narses
    Battle of Mons Lactarius: Narses defeats Teias & Last Gothic Army
554   Battle of Capua: Narses defeats Frankish Invasion
    Justinian issues PRAGMATIC SANCTION
562   Surrender of Last Gothic Garrisons in North Italy
 

Dr. Kenneth W. Harl 
Office: History 211 (504)862-8621 
Fax: (504) 862-8739 
Home: (504)866-5392 
 
 Tulane University
Last updated 03/19/98
by Annette Lindblom