Aezanis, Temple of Zeus, 117-138 AD 
  
History/Classics 310
 
Athenian Empire: 480-404 B.C.

Index 

Syllabus: 
 Structure 
 Schedule  

Readings: 
 Book List  
 Reserve Readings 
 Themistocles Decree 
 Megarian Decree 
 Athenian Treaties 

Chronologies: 
 Early Sparta and Athens 
 514-482 B.C.  
 Pentekontaeteia, 479-431 B.C. 
  Peloponnesian War  

Handouts: 
 Finances in Athens 
 Greek Coinage and Measures 
 Military 

Links 

  THE PENTEKONTAETEIA, 479-431 B.C. 
Date   Event   Sources
479/8 B.C.   Capture of Sestos from Persians   Thuc. I.89.2; Hdt IX.116-18
    Rebuilding of Walls of Athens   Thuc. I.89.3-93.2
    Buiding of Walls of Peiraeus   Thuc. I.93.3-8
    Greek Expedition against Cyprus   Thuc.I.94;
  under PAUSANIAS   Diod.XI.44.1-3
         
478 B.C.?    Expedition of King Leotychidas   Hdt. VI.72
    of Sparta against Thessaly   Plut., Them. 20.1
         
478/7 B.C.   Pausanias captures BYZANTIUM   Thuc. I.95
    Recall of Pausanias (winter)    
         
478/7 B.C.   Formation of Delian League   Thuc. I.96; Ath. Pol. 23.5
    First Assessment by ARISTIDES   Plut., Arist. 24
         
477 B.C.?   CIMON expels PAUSANIAS from   Thuc. I.131.1 &
    Byzantium   Ephor., frag. 191
         
476/5 B.C.   CIMON captures Eion   Thuc. I.98.1
         
474 B.C.   CIMON captures SCYROS   Thuc. I.98.2;
    Recovery of "Bones of Theseus"   Plut., Cimon 8 &
    Athenian Cleurchy on Scyros   Them. 36
         
473/2   Production of Persians of    
    AESCHYLUS    
         
472-71 B.C.?   Athenians reduce Carystos   Thuc. I.98.3
         
472/1 B.C.   Ostracism of THEMISTOCLES   Thuc. I.133.3;
    CIMON supreme in Athens   Plut., Them.23.2-26
    Synoecism of Elis    
    Discontent in Peloponnesus    
         
470-69 B.C.?   Rebellion & Reduction of NAXOS   Thuc. I.98.4 & 133.3
         
468-67 B.C.   Argos crushes Tiryns   Thuc. I.132
    ARGIVE UNIFICATION of ARGOLID    
         
468/7 or   BATTLE OF EURYMEDON   Thuc. I. 100.1;
467/6 B.C.   CIMON ends Persian threat   Plut., Cimon 13
         
Date       Event
         
465 B.C.   Secession of THASOS (summer)   Thuc. I.100.2 & IV.102.2-3
       
465/4 B.C.   Failure of Athenian Colony at   Thuc. I.100.3
    ENNEA HODOI ("Nine Ways")    
    in Thrace    
    OUTBREAK OF HELOT REVOLT   Thuc. I.101.3
    SIEGE OF MOUNT ITHOME    
         
463/2 B.C.   Surrender of THASOS   Thuc. I.101.3
         
462/1 B.C.   Cimon's Expedition to Messenia   Thuc. I.102.1-2
    EPHIALTES & PERICLES attack   Ath. Pol. 25.2;
    powers of Areopagus   Plut., Per. 9 &
    Return and Fall of CIMON   Cimon 17
    ATHENS-ARGOS-THESSALY    
    ALLIANCE   Thuc. I.102.4
    OSTRACISM OF CIMON   Plut., Cimon 17 & Per. 9
    Assassination of Ephialtes   Plut., Per. 9 &
    PERICLES SUPREME IN ATHENS   Ath. Pol. 25.4
         
460 B.C.?   Pericles introduces minimal pay    Ath. Pol. 27.3
    for jurors    
         
460/59 B.C.   MEGARA Concludes alliance with   Thuc. I.103.4
    ATHENS: OUTBREAK OF THE FIRST PELOPONNESIAN WAR    
         
459/58 B.C.   Spartans capture Mount Ithome   Thuc. I.103.1-3
    End of the Helot Revolt    
    Helots resettled at NAUPACTUS    
    EGYPTIAN EXPEDITION   Thuc. I.104 & M & L #33
    Athenian Victories at Halieis,   Thuc. I.105-106
    Cercryphaleia, Aegina & Megara    
    Athens commences LONG WALLS   Thuc. I.107.1
         
459/8 B.C.   Aeschylus' Oresteia produced   Hyp. ad Orest. 20-24
         
458/7 B.C.   Spartan Victory at TANAGRA    Thuc. I.107.2- 108.2; M & L #36; Theop., frag. 88
    Athenian Victory at OENOPYTA   Thuc. I. 108.3-4
    Athenians occupy Boeotia    
    AEGINA surrenders to Athens   Thuc. I.108.4
    Treaty of Athens & Segesta in   M & L #37
    Sicily    
         
457/6 B.C.   Naval expedition of Tolmides   Thuc. I.108.5 &
    around Peloponnesus   Diod. XI. 84
         
456/5 B.C.?   Athenian Alliances with Troezen    
    and Achaea    
         
455/4 B.C.   Failure of Athenian Expedition   Thuc. I.109-110
    in Egypt    
    Rebellions in the Aegean    
         
454 B.C.   The League Treasury at DELOS   Plut., Per. 12.1
    is removed to Athens   & cf. ATL
    Athenian Failure in Thessaly   Thuc. I.111.1
         
453/2 B.C.   Regulations of Erythrae   M & L #40
    Pericles' Expedition in the    Thuc. I.111.2-3
    Corinthian Gulf    
         
452/1 B.C.   Recall of CIMON   Theop., frag. 88
         
451/0 B.C.   Athenian Law on Citizenship   Ath. Pol. 26.4
    ATHENS & SPARTA CONCLUDE   Thuc. I.112.1
    FIVEYEARS' TRUCE    
    PEACE BETWEEN SPARTA & ARGOS   Thuc. V.14.4 & V.28.2
         
450/49 B.C.   Regulations of Miletus   M & L #43
    Athenian Expedition to Cyprus    Thuc. I. 112.2-4;
    and Death of Cimon   Plut., Cimon 18-19
    PEACE OF CALLIAS   Diod. XII.4.4-6 &
  End of Athenian-Persian War   Plut., Cimon 13.4-5
         
450-46 B.C.?   Athenian Currency Decree:   M & L #45
    Enforcement of Athenian Weights,    
    Measures, and Coins in League    
         
449/8 B.C.   Pericles' Panhellenic Congress   Plut., Per. 17
         
448/7 B.C.   Second Sacred War: Clash of    Thuc. I.112.5
    of Athens & Sparta over Phocis    
    Decree of Cleinias: Improved   M & L #46
    Tribute Collection in League    
    Building of Partheon begun   IG I2 339-53
         
447/6 B.C.   REVOLT IN BOEOTIA   Thuc. I.112.5
         
447/6 B.C.   Battle of Coronea: Athens must   Thuc. I.113.1-3
    evacuate Boeotia    
    Revolt in Euboea   Thuc. I.114.1-3 & ATL 447-448
    Megara slays Athenian garrison   Thuc. I.114.1
    Regulations of Colophon   M & L #99
         
446/5   Spartan Invasion of Attica   Thuc. I.114.1-2 II. 21. 1
    under King Pleistoanax   and cf. M & L #51
    Athenians pacify Euboea   Thuc. I.114.3
    Regulations of Eretria   M & L #51
    Regulations of Chalcis   M & L #52
    THIRTY YEARS' PEACE   Thuc. I.115.1
    Exile of King Pleistoanax   Schol. ad Arist., Nub. 859
         
445 B.C.   Athenian Colony planted at Brea   M & L #49
or 439 B.C.   in Thrace    
         
443 B.C.   Foundation of Panhellenic Colony   Ps.-Plut., X Ora. Vit. 8350
    at Thurii in Italy    
    Ostracism of Thucydides, son of   Plut., Per. 16.3
    Melesias    
         
440-39 B.C.   REVOLT OF SAMOS   Thuc. I.115.2-117 & M & L #55
         
439/8 B.C.   Treaty with Samos   M & L #54
         
438/7 B.C.   Dedication of the Statue of    Phil., frag. 97; 
    Athena by Pheidias   M & L #54 & 59
         
437/6 B.C.   Athenian Colony planted at    Thuc. IV.102.2-3
    AMPHIPOLIS on Strymon River    
         
436/5 B.C.   Expedition of Pericles into the   Plut., Per.20.1-2
    Black Sea; Alliance with Sinope    
         
436-35 B.C.   CIVIL WAR IN EPIDAMNUS   Thuc. I.24-25
         
435 B.C.   Battle of Leukimne: Corcyreans   Thuc. I.26-30 &
    defeat Corinthians   M & L #61
         
433 B.C.   MISSIONS OF CORINTH &   Thuc. I.31-44
  CORCYRA TtO ATHENS    
    Athens votes defensive alliance   Thuc. I.45-46
    (epimacheia) with Corcyra    
    Athens votes full alliance    Thuc. I.50
    (symmachia) with Corcyra    
    BATTLE OF SYBOTA   Thuc. I.46-55
         
Date   Event   Sources 
         
433/2 B.C.   MEGARIAN DECREE   Thuc. I.67.4; 139.1-2; 140.3-5;
    (in late fall or early spring)   Plut., Per. 29-31;
        Arist., Ach. 605-11 & 615-18
         
433/2 B.C.   Athens concludes treaties with   M & L #63-64
    Rhegium and Leontini    
         
432 B.C.        
Jan.:   Pericles' Ultimatum to POTIDAEA   Thuc. I.56-57
Mar.:   Revolt of Potidaea    Thuc. I.58-65
    Spartan Promise to Aid Potidaea   Thuc. I. 58.1
spr.:   Athenian Naval Operations in   Thuc. II.68.6-9
    Amphilocia conducted by PHORMIO    
July:   ASSEMBLY AT SPARTA   Thuc. I.66-88
Aug.:   CONGRESS OF PELOPONNESIAN   Thuc. I.119-125
    LEAGUE    
    First Spartan Embassy to Athens   Thuc. I.126
    Second Spartan Embassy to Athens   Thuc. I.139
    Third Spartan Embassy to Athens   Thuc. I. 139
    Pericles' Final Reply to Sparta   Thuc. I.140-145
         
431 B.C.   Theban Attack on Plataea   Thuc. II.1-17
    OUTBREAK OF PELOPONNESIAN WAR    
 
Dr. Kenneth W. Harl 
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Last updated 03/19/98
by Annette Lindblom