Aezanis, Temple of Zeus, 117-138 AD 
  
History/Classics 310
 
Athenian Empire: 480-404 B.C.

Index 

Syllabus: 
 Structure 
 Schedule  

Readings: 
 Book List  
 Reserve Readings 
 Themistocles Decree 
 Megarian Decree 
 Athenian Treaties 

Chronologies: 
 Early Sparta and Athens 
 514-482 B.C.  
 Pentekontaeteia, 479-431 B.C. 
  Peloponnesian War  

Handouts: 
 Finances in Athens 
 Greek Coinage and Measures 
 Military 

Links 

 
MILITARY: BATTLES AND COUPS
 
I. Sailing Distances and Speeds
II. Oligarchic Coup
III. Alternate Accounts of Fall of the Thirty
IV. Naval Losses in the Ionian War
V. Forces Engaged at the Battle of Mantinea
VI. Wages of the Ten Thousand
VII. Marching Distances and Speeds of the Ten Thousand
VIII. Kings of Persia, of Sparta, and of Macedon
 
LOSSES IN NAVAL ENGAGEMENTS
 DURING THE IONIAN WAR, 411-406 B.C.
 
    COMMANDERS   TIREMES      
Engagement   Date Athenian Spartan Engaged   Losses 
        Ath. Sp. Ath. Sp.
Cynossema 411 Thrasyllus Mindarus 76 86 15 21
Abydus 411 Thrasybulus Mindarus 74 96 0 30
Cyzicus 410 Alcibiades Mindarus 86 60 0 60
Lesbos 409 Thrasybulus Hermocrates 20 25 0 5
Notium 407 Antiochus Lysander 80 90 20 0
Arginussae 406 Promachus Callicratidas 150 120 25 70
               
LOSSES, 406 B.C           60 186
               
Aegospotami 405 Conon Lysander 180 185 179 0
               
TOTAL LOSSES           239 186
 
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FORCES ENGAGED AT THE BATTLE OF MANTINEA, 418 B.C.
 
Spartan Order of Battle (Thuc. V. 67. 1) 
 
Right Wing 

cavalry 
Sciritae (600 men) 
Brasidians & 
Neodamodeis (600 men) 
 

Center 

7 Spartan lochoi 
(3,884 men) 
hippeis (300 men) 
Heraeans (500 men) 
Maenalii (500 men)

Left Wing 

Tegeans (3,000 men) 
2+ Spartan lochoi 
(over 1,024 men) 
cavalry 
 

 
The numbers for the Arcadian allies in the center and on the left wing are estimates.  Thucydides, who probably received his information directly from King Agis, did not obtain numbers for the Spartan cavalry on either flank, but they totaled at least 600.  The number of lochoi on the left wing was also deliberately undercounted by Thucydides' Spartan informant, because the two lochoi under Hipponoides and Aristocles were part of the "few Spartans" on the left wing which Agis ordered to relieve the right wing.  The known numbers give over 10,000 hoplites (but the number might have been as high as 15,000), 600 cavalry, and an unknown number of peltasts. 
 
Allied Order of Battle (Thuc. V. 67. 2) 
 
Right Wing 

Mantineans (3,000 men) 
Other Arcadians (500) 
Argive elite 1,000 
 

Center 

5 lochoi of Argives 
(4,000 men) 
Cleonaeans & 
Orneatae (500)

    Left Wing 

Athenians (1,000) 
Ath. cav. (300 men) 
Other cavalry 
 

 
The allied hoplites numbered at least 10,300 men.  Thucydides notes that the Spartan 
army appeared the larger, but this could result from the Spartans adopting a lesser depth to flank the allied forces (V. 68. 1).  The allies heavily weighted their right flank to compensate for their lack of cavalry.  The forces of the lesser allies are  estimates, and the numbers of peltasts are unknown. 

Thucydides (V. 74. 3) reports 300 Spartan dead, possibly 5% of the Spartans engaged, but they were    mostly Sciritai and neodamodeis. Spartan allies suffered few casaulties so that total losses were between 2 and 3.5% (depending on the number of hoplites engaged). Allied losses were nearly four times as great, 1,100 dead or    between 7.5 to 10.5% of the total hoplites engaged.  The Athenians lost 200 dead (20% of their total), Argives, Orneatae, and Cleonaeans 700 (15.5% of their total), and Mantineans 200 (6.5% of their total). 

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Dr. Kenneth W. Harl 
Office: History 211 (504)862-8621 
Fax: (504) 862-8739 
Home: (504)866-5392 
 
 Tulane University
Last updated 03/19/98
by Annette Lindblom