Spartan Order of Battle (Thuc. V. 67. 1)
The numbers for the Arcadian allies in the center and on the left wing are estimates. Thucydides, who probably received his information directly from King Agis, did not obtain numbers for the Spartan cavalry on either flank, but they totaled at least 600. The number of lochoi on the left wing was also deliberately undercounted by Thucydides' Spartan informant, because the two lochoi under Hipponoides and Aristocles were part of the "few Spartans" on the left wing which Agis ordered to relieve the right wing. The known numbers give over 10,000 hoplites (but the number might have been as high as 15,000), 600 cavalry, and an unknown number of peltasts.
Allied Order of Battle (Thuc. V. 67. 2)
The allied hoplites numbered at least 10,300 men. Thucydides notes that the Spartan
army appeared the larger, but this could result from the Spartans adopting a lesser depth to flank the allied forces (V. 68. 1). The allies heavily weighted their right flank to compensate for their lack of cavalry. The forces of the lesser allies are estimates, and the numbers of peltasts are unknown.
Thucydides (V. 74. 3) reports 300 Spartan dead, possibly 5% of the Spartans engaged, but they were mostly Sciritai and neodamodeis. Spartan allies suffered few casaulties so that total losses were between 2 and 3.5% (depending on the number of hoplites engaged). Allied losses were nearly four times as great, 1,100 dead or between 7.5 to 10.5% of the total hoplites engaged. The Athenians lost 200 dead (20% of their total), Argives, Orneatae, and Cleonaeans 700 (15.5% of their total), and Mantineans 200 (6.5% of their total).
|Dr. Kenneth W. Harl
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