RECENT ORNITHOLOGICAL LITERATURE, No. 78

Sponsored by the American Ornithologists' Union, the British Ornithologists' Union, and Birds Australia

[July 1999]

For information on using this file and other background information, please refer to the ROL Home Page.
 

CONTENTS


Subject heading Sort Code
 
New journal B010
   
Renamed journal B030
   
Avian biology & life history  
Australia B108
Europe B110
Mexico, Central America, & Caribbean B112
New World B114
North America B118
Northern Asia & Far East B120
Oriental (India) B128
South America B130
   
Behavior & communication B300
Agonistic & aggressive behavior B302
Learning, memory, & intelligence B304
Locomotion B306
Self-maintenance (Bathing, Anting, Roosting, Sunning, Time Budget) B308
Sensory perception (Auditory) B310
Sexual behavior (Courtship, Pair Bonding, Copulation) B312
Social and interspecific behavior (Colonial behavior, Social organization) B314
Territoriality & home range  B316
Visual signals B318
Vocalizations & other sounds B320
   
Birds & humans B500
Collisions & other artificial fatalities B502
Damage to crops or fisheries B504
Gamebird management & hunting B508
Introduced species (non-game) B509
Uses of birds by humans B510
   
Breeding habits B700
Breeding schedule & dates B702
Brood parasitism , Egg dumping, & Foster parenting B704
Cooperative or communal breeding B706
Effects of human studies or presence B708
Eggs & incubation, including egg physiology & clutch size B710
Extra-pair mating, paternity B712
Mating systems B714
Nesting habitat, nest site, & structure B716
Parental care & feeding B718
Young, from hatching to fledging (Growth & Development) B720
   
Conservation B900
Declining & endangered species B904
Education programs, politics, planning B906
Effects of man-made environmental changes B908
Habitat protection & management B910
Species recovery measures B912
   
Diseases, parasites, & pathology  
Diseases & disease transmission C102
Parasites, external & internal C104
Pathology & injury C106
   
Distribution & avifaunas  
Africa, sub-Saharan C304
Antarctica & sub-Antarctica C306
Australia C308
Europe C310
Mexico, Central America, & Caribbean C312
North Africa (Egypt) C316
North America & Greenland C318
Northern Asia & Far East C320
Oceania C324
Oriental (India, Indonesia) C328
South America C330
   
Documentation C700
Bibliographies & databases C702
Biographies, obituaries, & history C704
Collecting & collections, taxonomic specimens C706
   
Ecology, environment, & populations C900
Biocides & pollution C902
Climate & weather effects C906
Habitat change, selection, & use; community structure, habitat suitability models C908
Life span & survivorship C910
Mortality causes C912
Population numbers, censuses, trends, & dynamics C914
Predation & predators C916
Reproductive effort & productivity C918
Site fidelity & dispersal C920
Species composition & competition; bio-diversity C922
Trophic levels & relationships C924
Winter habitat & habits C926
   
Evolution & systematics  
Classification & phylogeny D103
Evolutionary patterns D105
Interactions between birds & other animals or plants D106
Intraspecific variation D108
New taxa D110
Species concepts D112
Taxonomy & nomenclature D114
   
Food habits & nutrition  
Diet, food selection, & nutrition D302
Drinking D304
Foraging habits D306
Kleptoparasitism D308
   
Genetics & hybridization  
Behavioral and population genetics D502
Cytogenetics and molecular genetics D504
Hybrids D508
   
Identification  
Species identification D702
Sex or age class identification D704
   
Migration & navigation  
Migratory behavior D902
Migratory dates, timing, & routes D904
Migratory physiology D906
   
Morphology & physiology E100
Abnormal external appearance E101
Circulatory system E102
Digestive system E104
Embryology & development E106
Endocrine system & hormones E108
Immune system E112
Integument (Feathers, Molt, Plumage) E114
General morphology (Body size, Sexual dimorphism) E116
Physiology & biochemistry (Energy metabolism & Light exposure) E118
Reproductive system & physiology E120
Respiratory system E122
Sensory & nervous system E124
Skeletomuscular system E126
   
Paleornithology E300
Pleistocene & Holocene fossils & subfossils E308
Site surveys E310
   
Techniques  
Binoculars and telescopes E501
Biochemical or biophysical assay E502
Captive breeding & care E504
Censuses, maps, & surveys E506
Environmental monitoring E508
Feeding methods and diet analysis E509
Field methods not included elsewhere E510
Genetic methods E512
Mathematical models E514
Nesting studies E515
Photographic & video documentation E516
Physiological methods E518
Predator and nuisance control E520
Radar- and radio-tracking E524
Trapping, netting, banding, & marking E526

The following serials are represented by abstracts in ROL #78:

Acarologia 39 (1998)

Acta Amazonica 22–25 (1992–1995)

Acta Biologica Leopoldensia 13–19 (1991–1997)

Acta Biologica Pararaense 19–25 (1991–1996)

Acta Zoologica Lilloana 40 (1991), 43 (1995)

Acta Zoologica Mexicana ##37–69 (1990–1996)

Alabama Birdlife 43, 44 (1998)

Ameghiniana 27 (1990), 28 (1991), 30 (1993), 31 (1994), 33 (1996)

American Scientist 87 (1999)

Anais da Academica Brasileira de Ciencias 63–67 (1991–1995)

Anales del Instituto de Biologia UNAM, Serie Zoologia 61–66 (1991–1995)

Ararajuba 5–6 (1997–1998)

Arquivos de Biologia y Tecnologia 34–36 (1991–1993)

Auk 114 (1997), 115 (1998)

Australasian Mycological Newsletter 17 (1998)

Australian Birds 31 (1998)

Australian Bird Watcher 17 (1998), 18 (1999)

Australian Zoologist 30 (1998)

Avian Ecology and Behaviour/ Proceedings of the Biological Station Rybachy 1 (1998)

Biologia 4–7 (1990–1993)

Bird Observer (Massachusetts) 25 (1997), 26 (1998)

Bird Study 41–43 (1994–1996)

Birders Journal 7 (1998)

Birding 29–31 (1997–1999)

Birds Australian Conservation Statement 1, 2 (1998)

Boletín Chileno de Ornitología 5 (1998)

Boletín de la Sociedad Biologica de Concepción 62–65 (1991–1994)

Boletín de Lima 100 (1995), 111 (1998)

Boletín SAO 3–9 (1992–1998)

Brenesia ##35–40 (1991–1993)

British Birds 85, 86 ( 1992, 1993)

Bulletin of the Texas Ornithological Society 29–31 (1996–1998)

Caldasia 19–20 (1997–1998)

CALMScience 2 (1998)

Caribbean Journal of Science 32–33 (1996–197)

Ceiba 36 (1995)

Ciencia e Cultura 44–48 (1992–1996)

Connecticut Warbler 19 (1999)

Contribución Cientifica Instituto Antartico Argentino ##413–444 (1993–1994)

Copeia 1998 (1998)

Corella 22 (1998), 23 (1999)

Delmarva Ornithologist 30 (1998)

Eclectus 4 (1998), 5 (1998)

Ecología, Revista de la Asociación Peruana de Ecología 1 (1998)

Ecología Austral 7 (1997)

Ecología en Bolivia 30 (1997)

Ecological Research 12 (1997), 13 (1998)

Ecotropica 3–4 (1997–1998)

Ecotropicos 5, 8, 9 (1992, 1995, 1996)

‘Elepaio 59 (1999)

Emu 98 (1998), 99 (1999)

Goeldiana Zoologia ##1–18 (1990–1992)

Herpetological Review 27–29 (1997–1998)

El Hornero 14–15 (1997–1998)

Iheringia, ser. Zoologia 73–80 (1992–1996)

Indiana Audubon Quarterly 77 (1999)

Informe del Instituto del Mar del Peru 105–116 (1994–1996)

International Journal of Acarology 24 (1998)

Iowa Bird Life 68 (1998), 69 (1999)

Japanese Journal of Ecology 48 (1998)

Japanese Journal of Ornithology 46 (1997–1998)

Journal of Ethology 13 (1995), 14 (1996), 15 (1997)

Journal of Louisiana Ornithology 2–4 (1991–1998)

Journal of Medical Entomology 35 (1998)

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science 105 (1998)

Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 80 (1997)

Journal of the Trinidad & Tobago Field Naturalists Club 1995 (1995), 1997 (1997)

Kukila 7 (1994–1995), 8 (1996), 9 (1997)

Maryland Birdlife 52–54 (1996–1998)

Memorias – Sociedad de Ciencias Naturales La Salle 52–55 (1992–1995)

Memorias del Instituto Oswaldo Cruz ##86–90 (1991–1995)

Michigan Birds Natural History 4 (1997), 5 (1998)

Migrant 65 (1994), 66 (1995)

Natura ##88–107 (1990–1997)

Nebraska Bird Review 65 (1997), 66 (1998)

New Mexico Ornithological Society Bulletin 26 (1998)

North American Bird Bander 22, 23 (1997)

Nuestras Aves 37–38 (1997–1998)

Oriole 60–62 (1995–1997)

El Pitirre 10 (1997), 11 (1998)

Poeyana ##411–428 (1992–1993)

Poultry Science 76 (1997), 77 (1998)

Publicacion Tecnico-Cientifica 2

Queensland Naturalist 36 (1998)

Raven 68 (1997), 69 (1998)

Records of New Jersey Birds 24 (1998)

Records of the Western Australian Museum 19 (1998)

Research in Population Ecology 37 (1995)

Revista Boliviana de Ecología 2 (1997)

Revista Brasileira de Biologia #52–56 (1992–1996)

Revista Ceres ##38–41 (1991–1994)

Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 66–69 (1993–1996)

Revista de Biologia Tropical 38–46 (1990–1998)

Revista de Investigación Cientifica serie Ciencias del Mare 2–5 (1991–1994)

Science 282–284 (1998–1999)

Science New Guinea 29 (1998)

Southwestern Naturalist 43 (1998)

Stilt 33 (1998)

Strix 11–17 (1992–1999)

Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment 32 (1997)

U.S. Dept. Agriculture, Forest Service General Technical Reports RM-GTR 194 (1990), 205 (1991), 215 (1992), 217 (1992), 253 (1994), 264 (1995), 272 (1996), 281 (1996), 290 (1997), 292 (1997), 298 (1997)

U.S. Dept. Agriculture, Forest Service Research Note RM-RN 535 (1995)

Utah Birds 12 (1996), 13 (1997)

Washington Birds 1–6 (1989–1997)

Weather and Forecasting 13 (1998)

Western Australian Naturalist 22 (1998)

Wetlands 18 (1998)

Wildlife Research 25 (1998), 26 (1999)

Wildlife Society Bulletin 26 (1998)

Wilson Bulletin 110 (1998)
 

Acknowledgments: We appreciate the efforts of the following abstractors who contributed to this issue: M. E. Baltz, J. M. Barnett, I. L. Brisbin, Jr., M. G. Brooker, J. B. Buchanan, S. Calme, R. B. Clapp, J. A. Craves, W. E. Davis, Jr., J. J. Dinsmore, J. J. Dosch, C. V. Dove, I. D. Endersby, R. P. ffrench, A. D. Fink, M. L. Fink, F. G. Garcia, S. A. Gauthreaux, Jr., W. M. Gilbert, O. Gonzalez, C. Gonzalez-Salazar, S. K. Herzog, C. A. Howell, W. P. Johnson, M. J. Justice, M. Koenen, A. L. Lang, M. A. Larson, S. C. Latta, H. Nagata, J. B. Ortega, G. R. Parks, D. R. Paulson, J. M. Peter, J. R. Philips, I. C. Rowley, E. I. Saiff, W. K. Steele, K. Ueda, M. J. Ueta, D. Warden, W. H. Weber, D. A. Wiedenfeld, S. K. Willson, A. A. Woodward.
 
 




Abstracts---ROL #78

{B010} Avian Ecology and Behaviour/ Proceedings of the Biological Station Rybachy is a new journal covering all aspects of avian ecology and behavior, published by the Biological Station Rybachy of the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences. The editors are Casimir Bolshakov and Vladimir Payevsky. The first volume was published in 1998 and contains 8 papers plus a banding report, all listed below and all in English. Two volumes per year are planned. Price is US$15 per issue. To order the journal or submit manuscripts, contact the Biological Station Rybachy, Rybachy, Kaliningrad Region, 238535, Russia (Rybachy@bioryb.koenig.su). {ROL #78}

{B030} Colonial Waterbirds will become Waterbirds, starting with volume 22, expanding its focus from colonial seabirds and wading birds to all waterbird subgroups, including ducks, shorebirds, and solitary seabirds. Emphasis will be on papers that illuminate general principles of waterbird biology across subgroups, major advances concerning individual subgroups, or comparisons of subgroups. The journal will also focus on rare or little known species. Papers may be on ecology, physiology, behavior, population dynamics, evolution, management, or conservation, with a preference for papers of interest to a wider spectrum of the waterbird community. Editor: Professor David Duffy, Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit/Botany, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA (dduffy@hawaii.edu or david_duffy@sprynet.com). {ROL #78}

{B108} Dyer, P. K. 1999. Wedge-tailed Shearwaters at Raine Island, Great Barrier Reef: population estimate and breeding status. Corella 23: 1--6. (Univ. Sunshine Coast, Sippy Downs, Qld. 4556, Australia.)---Burrow location and internal inspection establish a baseline methodology for future population census of Puffinus pacificus.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{B108} Heinsohn, R., & S. Legge. 1998. The eclectic Eclectus Parrot. Eclectus 4: 7--9. (Div. Bot. Zool., Aust. Natl. Univ., Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia.) {ROL #78}

{B108} Hill, F. A. R., & A. Lill. 1998. Diet and roost-site characteristics of the Christmas Island Hawk-Owl Ninox natalis. Emu 98: 227--233. (Birds Australia, 415 Riversdale Rd., Hawthorn E., Vic. 3123, Australia.)---Ninox squamipila natalis {ROL #78}

{B108} Peter, J. M. 1999. The Rufous Bristlebird Dasyornis broadbenti at the eastern edge of its range: selected aspects of distribution, habitat and ecology. Emu 99: 9--14. (Birds Aust., 415 Riversdale Rd., Hawthorn East, Vic. 3123, Australia.) {ROL #78}

{B108} Webster, A., R. Cooke, G. Jameson, & R. Wallis. 1999. Diets, roosts and breeding of Powerful Owl Ninox strenua in a disturbed, urban environment: a case for cannibalism? Or a case of infanticide? Emu 99: 80--83. (Dept. Nat. Resour. Environ., Box Hill, Vic. 3128, Australia.) {ROL #78}

{B108} Whiteside, R. 1998. The Blue Bird of Paradise Paradisaea rudolphi: display and behaviour of wild birds. Aust. Bird Watcher 17: 319--327. (Raddon Barton, Thorverton, Exeter EX5 5PP, UK.)---Compares male display and vocalization between wild and captive birds; describes annual cycle of display and moult, and nestling colouration.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{B110} Atkinson, P. W. 1996. The origins, moult, movements and changes in numbers of Bar-tailed Godwits Limosa lapponica on the Wash, England. Bird Study 43: 60--72. (Sch. Biol. Sci., Univ. East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk NK4 7TJ, UK.) {ROL #78}

{B110} Bell, C. P. 1996. The relationship between variation in clutch size and migration pattern in the Yellow Wagtail. Bird Study 43: 333-341. (Dept. Biol., Imperial Coll., Prince Consort Rd., London SW7 9AZ, UK.)---Motacilla flava. {ROL #78}

{B110} Bibby, V. J., T. D. Charlton, & J. Ramos. 1992. Studies of West Palearctic birds 191. Azores Bullfinch. Br. Birds 85: 677--680. (RSPB, The Lodge, Sandy, Bedfordshire SG19 2DL, UK.)---Pyrrhula pyrrhula murina. {ROL #78}

{B110} Brown, A. 1992. Surf Scoter. Br. Birds 85: 437--439. (23 King’s Ct., Longniddry, East Lothian EH32 0QP, UK.)---Melanitta perspicillata. {ROL #78}

{B110} Bustamante, J. 1995. The duration of the post-fledging dependence period of Ospreys Pandion haliaetus at Loch Garten, Scotland. Bird Study 42: 31--36. (Estación Biológica de Doñana, CSIC, Avenida María Luisa s/n, 41013 Sevilla, Spain.)---Lasts an average of 30.4 days.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{B110} Catley, G. P. 1992. Pallas’s Warbler. Br. Birds 85: 490--494. (13 West Acridge, Barton-on-Humber, North Lincolnshire DN18 5AJ, UK.)---Phylloscopus proregulus. {ROL #78}

{B110} Filchagov, A. V. 1993. The Armenian Gull in Armenia. Br. Birds 86: 550--560. (Inst. Evol. Anim. Morphol. & Ecol., Russ. Acad. Sci., Leninsky prospekt 33, Moscow 117071, Russia.)---Larus (argentatus) armenicus. {ROL #78}

{B110} Graham, I. M., S. M. Redpath, & S. J. Thirgood. 1995. The diet and breeding density of Common Buzzards Buteo buteo in relation to indices of prey abundance. Bird Study 42: 165--173. (Dept. Zool., Univ. Aberdeen, Tillydrone Ave., Aberdeen AB9 2TN, Scotland, UK.) {ROL #78}

{B110} Newton, I. 1993. Studies of West Palearctic birds 192. Bullfinch. Br. Birds 86: 638--648. (Inst. Terrestrial Ecol., Monks Wood, Abbots Ripton, Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire PE17 2LS, UK.)---Pyrrhula pyrrhula. {ROL #78}

{B110} Ponz, A., E. Barba, & J. A. Gil-delgardo. 1996. Population changes and breeding ecology of the Cirl Bunting Emberiza cirlus in eastern Spain. Bird Study 43: 38--46. (Unidad de Ecología, Univ. Valencia, Dr. Moliner 50, 66100 Burjassot, Valencia, Spain.) {ROL #78}

{B110} Wilson, J. D. 1996. The breeding biology and population history of the Dipper Cinclus cinclus on a Scottish river system. Bird Study 43: 108--118. (Inst. Cell, Anim., and Popul. Biol., Univ. Edinburgh, West Mains Rd., Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK.)---No consistent trend in population size; high frequency of polygyny in this study is unprecedented for this species.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{B110} Wright, J., & P. A. Cotton. 1994. Song versus food: trade-off decisions in a breeding colony of European Starlings Sturnus vulgaris. Bird Study 41: 95--101. (AFRC Unit Ecol. Behav., Dept. Zool., South Parks Rd., Oxford OX1 3PS, UK.) {ROL #78}

{B112} Amador S., E., & J. P. Guzmán. 1994. El Aguila calva (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) en Isla Santa Margarita, Baja California Sur, Mexico. [The Bald Eagle in Isla Margarita, Baja California Sur, Mexico.] Rev. Inv. Cient. ser. Cienc. Mar 5: 33--35. (Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste S.C. A.P. 128 La Paz, Baja California Sur 23000 Mexico.) {ROL #78}

{B112} Perez-Rivera, R. A., & C. R. Ruiz-Lebron. 1997. Sobre el patron de cortejo y tamano de la camada de la Perdiz Azulona (Geotrygon caniceps leucometopsis) de la Republica Dominicana. [Courtship and clutch size in Geotrygon caniceps leucometopsis in the Dominican Republic.] Carib. J. Sci. 33(3--4): 281--283. {ROL #78}

{B112} Skutch, A. F. 1998. [The smallest woodpecker.] Bol. SAO (Soc. Ornitol. Antioquia) 9: 6--17. (Quizarra 8000-839, San Isidro de El General, Costa Rica.)---Natural history of Picumnus olivaceus. (Spanish.)---D.A.W. {ROL #78}

{B112} Webster, M. S. 1997. Extreme sexual size dimorphism, sexual selection, and the foraging ecology of Montezuma Oropendolas. Auk 114: 570--580. (Dept. Biol. Sci., State Univ. New York Buffalo, 109 Cooke Hall, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA; EM: mwebster@acsu.buffalo.edu)---Foraging differences may be a consequence of sexual dimorphism in Psarocolius montezuma.---S.K.W. {ROL #78}

{B114} Marra, P. P., K. A. Hobson, & R. T. Holmes. 1998. Linking winter and summer events in a migratory bird by using stable-carbon isotopes. Science 282: 1884--1886. (Smithsonian Migratory Bird Ctr., Natl. Zoological Park, Washington, DC 20008, USA; EM: pmarra@nzp.si.edu)---Those Setophaga ruticilla which winter in poor habitat arrive on breeding grounds later and are in poorer physical condition than those wintering in better habitat.---M.J.J. {ROL #78}

{B118} Burke, D. M., & E. Nol. 1998. Influence of food abundance, nest-site habitat, and forest fragmentation on breeding Ovenbirds. Auk 115: 96--104. (Watershed Ecosystems Graduate Prog., Trent Univ., Peterborough, ON K9J 7B8, Can.; EM: dbrenner@trentu.ca)---Density and pairing success of Seiurus aurocapillus increased with area; prey biomass was higher in nest-sites than in random sites; nest-sites located at least 250 m from an edge were preferred.---A.A.W. {ROL #78}

{B118} Duncan, J. R., & P. H. Hayward. 1994. Review of technical knowledge: Great Gray Owls. USDA, For. Serv. RM-GTR-253: 159--175. (Saskatchewan Conservation Data Ctr., Regina, SK S4S 5W6 Can.)---Review of published literature on systematics, breeding biology, ecology, etc. for Strix nebulosa.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B118} Dzus, E. H., & R. G. Clark. 1998. Brood survival and recruitment of Mallards in relation to wetland density and hatching date. Auk 115: 311--318. (NOVA Gas Transmission Ltd., 15810-114th Ave., Edmonton, AB T5M 2Z4, Can.; EM: elston.dzus@pipe.nova.ca)---Anas platyrhynchos. {ROL #78}

{B118} Matsouka, S. M., et al. 1997. The relative importance of nesting and foraging sites in selection of breeding territories by Townsend’s Warblers. Auk 114: 657--667. (Alaska Sci. Ctr., 1011 E. Tudor Rd., Anchorage, AK 99503, USA; EM: steve_matsouka@nbs.gov)---Territories selected by Dendroica townsendi reflected selection of large white spruce for nest sites but not medium-sized white spruce for foraging.---A.A.W. {ROL #78}

{B118} Pagels, J. F., & J. R. Baker. 1997. Breeding records and nesting diet of the Northern Saw-whet Owl (Aegolius acadicus) in Virginia. Raven 68: 89--92. (Dept. Biol., Virginia Commonwealth Univ., Richmond, VA 23284-2012, USA.)---Bred successfully in Highland Co. but not in Russell Co.; food was largely Peromyscus sp. and voles, largely Clethrionomys gapperi.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{B118} Speiser, R., T. Bosakowski, & D. G. Smith. 1998. Nest sites, habitat, and productivity of Red-Shouldered Hawk in northern New Jersey and southeastern New York. Rec. New Jersey Birds 24: 94--98. (9427 N. Alma Ave., Portland, OR 97203, USA.)---Strict environmental management is needed to preserve the declining population of Buteo lineatus.---E.I.S. {ROL #78}

{B120} Hirano, T., & M. Kimizima. 1992. [Breeding status and foods of the Japanese Lesser Sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis in residential areas of Utsunomiya City, central Japan.] Strix 11: 119--129. (c/o T. Tomuro, 2-3-15 Yoshino, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 320-0838, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B120} Kobayashi, S., M. Takeshita, & K. Muramoto. 1992. [Proportion of juveniles to adults in the Barn Swallow's (Hirundo rustica) roosting grounds.] Strix 11: 219--224. (948-24 Kuriyasakata, Tokuyama, Yamaguchi 745, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B120} Morimoto, S., & T. Iida. 1992. [Ecology and preservation of Hodgson's Hawk-Eagles.] Strix 11: 59--90. (Kameyamaminami 1-12-19, Asakita, Hiroshima-shi, Hiroshima 731-2, Japan.)---Spizaetus nipalensis. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B120} Nakamura, H. 1997. [Ecological adaptations of the Oriental Greenfinch on the Ogasawara Islands {Japan}.] Jap. J. Ornithol. 46: 95--110. (Lab. Ecol., Fac. Educ., Shinshu Univ., Nishi-nagano, Nagano 380, Japan.)---Carduelis sinica kittlitzi. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B120} Wada, T. 1993. [Seasonal change in number of Black-headed Gulls and their plumage change from winter to summer in the Kamo River, Kyoto {Japan}.] Strix 12: 93--100. (Dept. Zool., Fac. Sci., Kyoto Univ., Kitashirakawa-oiwakecho, Kyoto 606-01, Japan.)---Larus ridibundus. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B120} Yahagi, E. 1997. [Movements of a family flock of Great Tits Parus major in Hakone, central Japan.] Strix 15: 141--143. (Survey Div., Japanese Soc. Preserv. Birds, 2-5-5 Shinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B128} Balachandran, S., & S. A. Hussan. 1998. Moult, age structure, biometrics and subspecies of Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus wintering along the southeast coast of India. Stilt 33: 3--9. (11/100 Central St., Agasteeswaram & P.O., Kanyakumari Dist., Tamil Nadu 629701, India.)---The race wintering in southern India is mostly atrifrons. They show two moulting patterns and weigh less than Australian records.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{B130} Bosque, C. 1995. El Guacharo [The Oilbird.] Natura 101: 4--9. (Sociedad Venezolana de Espeleologia.)---Steatornis caripensis, a nocturnal, cave-dwelling, frugivore.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{B130} Bosque, C. 1996. Restricciones digestivas y el comportamiento reproductivo de "lek" en las aves. [Digestive constrains and breeding behavior in lekking birds.] Ecotropicos 9(1): 1--8. {ROL #78}

{B130} Giraudo, A. R., & J. L. Baldo. 1998. [Distribution and biology of Phaeomyias murina (Aves: Tyrannidae) from northeastern Argentina.] El Hornero 15(1): 1--9.---New records, habitat, abundance, migration and vocalizations of Mouse-colored Tyrannulet.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{B130} Novaes C., F. 1992. Bird observations in the State of Piaui, Brazil. Goeldiana Zoologia 17: 1--5. (Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Dept. de Zoologia C.P. 399, 66040 Belem, Para, Brasil.)---Habitat, foraging height and sociability of species.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{B130} Schmitz O., A., & S. D. Strahl. 1990. La Chenchena o guacharaca de agua (Opisthocomus hoazin). Natura 88: 11--14.---Habitat, diet, and reproduction of the Hoatzin.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{B130} Schulz Neto, A. 1998. [Aspects of seabird biology at Atol das Rocas Biological Reserve, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.] El Hornero 15(1): 17--28.---Breeding and general biology (Portuguese.)---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{B130} Siefeld, W., et al. 1998. Poblacion de flamencos en el Salar del Huasco durante el verano 1993-1994. [Flamingo populations in Salar del Huaco {Chile} during summer 1993-1994.] Bol. Chil. Ornitol. 5: 10--15.---Studies on population and breeding.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{B130} Skutch, A. F. 1997. [Detailed observations on Heliomaster longirostris.] Bol. SAO (Soc. Ornitol. Antioquia) 8 (14--15): 9-20. (Quizarra 8000-839, San Isidro de El General, Costa Rica.)---Natural history of the Long-billed Starthroat. (Spanish.)---W.H.W. {ROL #78}

{B130} Teixeira, D. M., & A. C. Conceicao de Almeida. 1997. A biologia da "Escarradeira", Xipholena atropurpurea (Wied, 1820) (Aves, Cotingidae). Publ. Tecnico-Cientifica 2: 1--59.---White-winged Cotinga in Estacao Veracruz, Veracruz Florestal, Euna'polis, Brasil. {ROL #78}

{B130} Thiry, M. 1997. Wing-shape variation in relation to ecology and sexual selection in five sympatric lekking manakins (Passeriformes: Pipridae). Ecotropica 3: 9--20. (No address available.) {ROL #78}

{B130} Whittaker, A. 1998. Observations on the behavior, vocalizations and distribution of the Glossy-backed Becard (Pachyramphus surinamus), a poorly-known canopy inhabitant of Amazonian rainforests. Ararajuba, Rev. Bras. Ornitol. 6: 37--41. (No address available.) {ROL #78}

{B300} Hirano, T. 1994. [The vocalization and aerial display of the Japanese Lesser Sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis.] Strix 13: 31--39. (c/o T. Tomuro, 2-3-15 Yoshino, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 320, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B300} Johnson, W. P., & F. C. Rohwer. 1998. Pairing chronology and agonistic behaviors of wintering Green-winged Teal and Mallards. Wilson Bull. 110: 311--315. (Texas Parks Wildl. Dept., 10 Parks and Wildl. Dr., Port Arthur, TX 77640, USA.)---Anas platyrhynchos paired earlier than Anas crecca and effects of pairing on aggression differed. For both species, individuals initiating intraspecific conflicts typically won. Paired birds typically won conflicts with unpaired conspecifics.---J.J.Dos. {ROL #78}

{B300} Kumar, A. 1999. Characteristics and significance of calls, songs and visual displays in two avian species viz. Copsychus saularis and Pycnonotus cafer. Ph.D. diss., Gurukul Kangri Univ., Haridwar, India. (Dept. Zool. Environ. Sci., Haridwar-249404, UP, India.) {ROL #78}

{B300} Nakamura, H., & Y. Miyazawa. 1997. [Movements, space use and social organization of radio-tracked Common Cuckoos during the breeding season in Japan.] Jap. J. Ornithol. 46: 23--54. (Lab. Ecol., Fac. Education, Shinshu Univ. Nishi-nagano, Nagano 380, Japan.)---Cuculus canorus. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B300} Ramsey, R. W. 1992. Foot-quivering by a Hermit Thrush. Wash. Birds 2: 33--34. (10511 Interlaken Dr. SW, Tacoma, WA 98498, USA.)---First report of this behavior in Catharus guttatus; in California.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{B302} Armistead, H. T. 1997. Caspian Tern, Fish Crow, and Northern Mockingbird behavior. Maryland Birdlife 53: 105--107. (523 E. Durham St., Philadelphia, PA 19119, USA.)---Two Sterna caspia attacked Ardea herodias, apparently in an attempt to seize the heron's fish; Corvus ossifragus mobbed by Hirundo rustica, the crow flying under bridge where it may have been preying on swallow nests; list of species mimicked by Mimus polyglottos.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{B302} Leedy, W. C. 1995. Aggressive behavior between an adult male American Kestrel and an immature Sharp-shinned Hawk. Migrant 66: 63--64. (Dept. Biol. Sci., East Tennessee State Univ., Johnson City, TN 37614, USA.)---Apparently territorial attack by Falco sparverius on Accipiter striatus 20 Oct 1993 in Washington Co., Tennessee.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{B302} Nagano, Y., & Y. Ogawa. 1994. [Reaction of Hooded and White-naped Cranes Grus monacha and Grus vipio to the approach of other animals.] Strix 13: 165--171. (Akahara Office, 2-31-3 Ayukawa, Ibaraki-shi, Osaka 567, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B302} Narita, A. 1996. [Sexual differences in aggressive behaviors of the Black-tailed Gull Larus crassirostris.] Strix 14: 129--133. (Hachinohe Sch. Deaf, 6-29-24 Kashiwazaki, Hachinohe, Aomori 031-0081, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B302} Nijman, V., & Sozer, R. 1995. Aggressive behaviour displayed towards the Javan Hawk-Eagle. Kukila 7: 152--154. (Inst. Syst. & Popul. Biol., Univ. Amsterdam, P.O. Box 94766, 1090 GT Amsterdam, Netherlands.)---Spizaetus bartelsi mobbed at different times by Dicrurus macrocercus, Dicrurus leucophaeus, and Ciconia episcopus.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{B302} Smith, V. A. 1997. Unusual behavior involving Black-billed Magpie. Utah Birds 13: 48--49. (796 N. 700 E., Morgan, UT 84050, USA.)---Juvenile Pica pica mobbed by several species; flock of magpies pursued adult male Bullock's Oriole, Icterus bullockii several times during two days.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{B302} Start, A. N. 1998. Do Rainbow Lorikeets evict bats? West. Aust. Nat. 22: 123--124. (Conserv. & Land Manage., P.O. Box 51, Wanneroo, WA 6065, Australia.)---Trichoglossus haematodus. {ROL #78}

{B302} Stouffer, P. C. 1997. Interspecific aggression in Formicarius antthrushes? The view from central Amazonian Brazil. Auk 114: 780--785. (Dept. Biol. Sci., SE Louisiana Univ., Hammond, LA 70402, USA; EM: stouffer@selu.edu)---Finds no evidence of competition between Formicarius colma and Formicarius analis.---S.K.W. {ROL #78}

{B302} Tarbell, A. T. 1995. Mobbing American Crows strike Barred Owl. Migrant 66: 2. (6033 Sherwood Dr., Nashville, TN 37215, USA.)---Several Corvus brachyrhynchos used their feet repeatedly to strike Strix varia perched in small tree, tipping the bird on its perch.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{B302} Wayne, W. J. 1998. Crow contests squirrel for feeder. Delmarva Ornithol. 30: 11. (12 Owls Nest Rd., Centerville, DE 19807, USA.)---Corvus brachyrhynchos was apparently driven from one side of a feeder to the other by Sciurus carolinensis.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{B302} Weston, M. A. 1998. Some undescribed aggressive behaviours and calls of the Hooded Plover in Western Australia. West. Aust. Nat. 22: 105--114. (Dept. Zool., Univ. Melbourne, Parkville, Vic. 3052, Australia.)---Thinornis rubricollis. {ROL #78}

{B304} Dave, A. S., A. C. Yu, & D. Margoliash. 1999. Behavioral state modulation of auditory activity in a vocal motor system. Science 282: 2250--2254. (DM: Dept. Organismal Biol. & Anat., Com. on Neurobiol., Univ. Chicago, 1027 E. 57th St., Chicago, IL 60637, USA; EM: dan@bigbird.uchicago.edu)---In Poephila guttata, descending motor system may gain access to sensorimotor song memories during sleep.---M.J.J. {ROL #78}

{B304} Davis, W. E., & H. F. Recher. 1998. "Teaching" or "teasing" -- indirect feeding of food-begging birds by an adult butcherbird and sittella. West. Aust. Nat. 22: 135--136. (CGS, Boston Univ., Boston, MA 02215, USA.)---Cracticus torquatus, Daphoenositta chrysoptera. {ROL #78}

{B304} Tubaro, P. L., P. T. Hanford, & E. T. Segura. 1997. [Song learning in the Rufous-collared Sparrow (Zonotrichia capensis).] El Hornero 14(4): 204--210.---10 individuals captured at different ages and raised in acoustic isolation or trained with conspecific tape-tutors.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{B306} Kobayashi, R. 1993. [The swimming of Black-crowned Night Herons.] Strix 12: 252--253. (203 Nagakunimachi, Tsuchiura, Ibaragi 300, Japan.)---Nycticorax nycticorax. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B306} Mori, Y. 1997. Dive bout organisation in the Chinstrap Penguin at Seal Island, Antarctica. J. Ethol. 15: 9--15. (Dept. Zool., Fac. Sci., Kyoto Univ., Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-01, Japan.)---Pygoscelis antarctica. {ROL #78}

{B308} Buchanan, J. B. 1989. Unusual bathing behavior by Greater Yellowlegs. Wash. Birds 1: 33--34. (Cascadia Res. Collective, 218-1/2 W. 4th Ave., Olympia, WA 98501, USA.)---Tringa melanoleuca. {ROL #78}

{B308} Clarke, R. 1992. Sparrowhawk roost. Br. Birds 85: 130--133. (New Hythe House, Reach, Cambridge CB5 0JQ, UK.)---Accipiter nisus in Betula pendula woodland, used by as many as 22.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{B308} Frith, C., & S. Nevill. 1998. Sunning by an aggregation of Regent Bowerbirds Sericulus chrysocephalus (Ptilonorhynchidae). Aust. Bird Watcher 17: 398--401. (P.O. Box 581, Malanda, Qld. 4885, Australia.)---At least 14 birds involved with up to eight individuals at a time with out-stretched, fully open wings, fanned tail and head tilted to one side.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{B308} Fry, C. H., H. Erickson, & J. Erickson. 1993. The Hoopoe’s Spreadeagle posture: predator reaction or sunning? Br. Birds 86: 121--124. (Coll. Sci., Sultan Qaboos Univ., PO Box 32486, Al-Khod, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman.)---Upupa epops sunning!---D.W. {ROL #78}

{B308} Fujii, T. 1993. [Initial roosting time of the Japanese Green Woodpecker Picus awokera.] Strix 12: 222--223. (1-14 Osawa Yamada-town Simohei-gun, Iwate 028-13, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B308} Garnett, S., & P. Igag. 1998. Roosting of the Palm Cockatoo in New Guinea. Eclectus 5: 37--38. (Dept. Environ. Heritage, P.O. Box 2066, Cairns, Qld. 4870, Australia.)---Observations of Probosciger aterrimus did not support anecdotal reports of roosting hanging by bill.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{B308} Gosler, A. G., R. E. Kenward, & N. Horton. 1995. The effect of gull roost deterrence on roost occupancy, daily gull movements and wintering wildfowl. Bird Study 42: 144--157. (Edward Grey Inst. Field Ornithol., South Parks Rd., Oxford OX1 3PS, UK.)---Deterrence fails unless alternative site is available; other species unaffected.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{B308} Hirano, K. 1993. [Factors affecting roosting behavior of Dusky Thrushes Turdus naumanni.] Strix 12: 177--182. (Myoutoku 23-10, Suzuka-shi, Nagano 382, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B308} Hirano, K. 1993. [Roosts of the Dusky Thrush Turdus naumanni in rural Suzaka, central Japan.] Strix 12: 183--187. (Myoutoku 23-10, Suzuka-shi, Nagano 382, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B308} Hirano, T., et al. 1998. [Communal roosting of Eastern Marsh Harriers wintering at Watarase Marsh {Japan}.] Strix 16: 1--15. (Tochigi Chapter, Wild Bird Society of Japan, Hoshigaoka 2-2-10-101, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 320-0038, Japan.)---Circus spilonotus. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B308} Holmgren, J. 1993. Young Common Swifts roosting in foliage of trees. Br. Birds 86: 368--369. (Rödhakevägen 23, S-273 33 Skurup, Sweden.)---Apus apus. {ROL #78}

{B308} Igarashi, H. 1996. [Communal roosting of the Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax.] Strix 14: 81--94. (4-25-7 Soshigaya, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 157, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B308} Igarashi, H. 1997. [The roosting behavior of night herons in winter.] Strix 15: 89--94. (4-25-7 Soshigaya, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 157, Japan.)---Nycticorax nycticorax. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B308} Iwasaki, Y., & H. Ichiishi. 1998. [Roosts of the Japanese Wood Pigeon on Oshima and Toshima in Izu Islands {Japan}.] Strix 16: 89--98. (12-4 Mitsune Hachijo-machi, Hachijo-shima, Tokyo 100-15, Japan.)---Columba janthina. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B308} Kelly, G. M., & J. P. Thorpe. 1993. A communal roost of Peregrine Falcons and other raptors. Br. Birds 86: 49--52. (Dept. Environ. Evol. Biol., Univ. Liverpool, Port Erin Marine Lab., Port Erin, Isle of May, UK.)---Up to 9 Falco peregrinus use a stand of mature conifers with Falco tinnunculus, Accipiter nisus, Corvus corax, and occasionally Falco columbarius.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{B308} Osborn, S. A. H. 1998. Anting by an American Dipper (Cinclus mexicanus). Wilson Bull. 110: 423--425. (Div. Biol. Sci., Univ. Montana, Missoula, MT 59812, USA; EM: sophieo@selway.umt.edu) {ROL #78}

{B308} Pravosudov, V. V., & T. C. Grubb, Jr. 1998. Body mass, ambient temperature, time of day, and vigilance in Tufted Titmice. Auk 115: 221--223. (Dept. Biol. Sci., Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA; EM: vladimir@bilbo.bio.purdue.edu)---All three independent variables are positively related to vigilance in Baeolophus bicolor.---M.E.B. {ROL #78}

{B308} Radford, A. P. 1992. Cloaca-pecking by Great Tit. Br. Birds 85: 465. (Crossways Cottage, West Bagborough, Taunton, Somerset TA4 3EG, UK.)---Parus major. {ROL #78}

{B308} Toguchi, Y., M. Kinjou, & T. Ichida. 1996. [Summer roost-site of Black Wood Pigeons [sic] in Okinawa Island.] Strix 14: 177--181. (685 Goga, Nago, Okinawa 905-11, Japan.)---Japanese Wood-Pigeon Columba janthina. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B308} van Balen, S. 1996. Anting behaviour in Bali Starlings. Kukila 8: 146--147. (P.O. Box 310, Bogor 16003, West Java, Indonesia.)---Leucopsar rothschildi. {ROL #78}

{B308} Weathers, W. W., & R. S. Seymour. 1998. Behaviour and time-activity budgets in Malleefowl Leipoa ocellata in South Australia. Emu 98: 288--296. (Dept. Avian Sci., Univ. Calif., Davis, CA 95616-8532, USA.) {ROL #78}

{B308} Yahagi, E. 1992. [Roosting tits in nest-boxes.] Strix 11: 143--149. (Survey Div., Japanese Soc. Preservation of Birds, 2-5-5 Shinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160, Japan.)---Parus major. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B308} Yamamoto, Y. 1996. [Relation between the evening arrival time of Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata at the lake and the time of sunset at Ono Wildlife Sanctuary in southwestern Hiroshima {Japan}.] Strix 14: 125--128. (Miyake Nat. Ctr., Akakokko Station, Wild Bird Soc. Japan, Tsubota 4188, Miyake-mura, Miyake-jima, Tokyo 100-12, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B310} Eda-Fujiwara, H., A. Watanabe, & H. Okumura. 1995. Effects of deafening on the temporal pattern of vocalisations in the Budgerigar Melopsittacus undulatus. J. Ethol. 13: 145--152. (Dept. Biol., Jap. Women’s Univ., Mejirodai, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112, Japan.) {ROL #78}

{B312} Bencke, G. 1996. Pair of Swallow-Tanagers Tersina viridis (Illiger, 1811) (Aves, Emberizidae) defending fruits while overwintering in Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Acta Biol. Leopoldensia 18(1): 43-46. (Dept. de Zoologia, Universidade Estadual Paulista-UNESP, C.P. 199, 13506900 Rio Claro, SP, Brasil.)---Monogamous species, pair-bond remains while wintering.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{B312} Donázar, J. A., O. Ceballos, & J. L. Tella. 1994. Copulation behaviour in the Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus. Bird Study 41: 37--41. (Estación Biológica de Doñana, CSIC, Pabellón del Perú, Ave. M. Luisa s.n., 41013 Sevilla, Spain.)---First detailed description of copulation in this species.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{B312} Fujita, K. 1994. [Notes on pair-formation of the Varied Tit Parus varius.] Strix 13: 214--217. (Yokohama Nat. Sanctuary, Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 1562-1 Kamigou-cho, Sakae-ku, Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa 247, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B312} Minton, C. D. T., & P. Collins. 1998. Banded Stilt Cladorhynchus leucocephalus attempting to copulate with a stick. Aust. Bird Watcher 17: 343--344. (165 Dalgetty Rd., Beaumaris, Vic. 3193, Australia.)---Courtship display and numerous mountings, but much shorter duration than real events.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{B312} Waki, R., & T. Tomioka. 1992. [Pair formation by a male individual (T-02) of the Red-crowned Crane, Grus japonensis, at Tsurui-Ito Tancho Sanctuary in eastern Hokkaido, Japan.] Strix 11: 109--118. (Dept. For., Coll. Agric. & Vet. Med., Nihon Univ., Shimouma 3-34-1, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 154, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B312} Whiteside, R., & M. Feignan. 1998. Displays and associated behaviour of wild Superb Birds of Paradise Lophorina superba. Aust. Bird Watcher 17: 357--363. (Raddon Barton, Thorverton, Exeter EX5 5PP, UK.)---Initial and high intensity displays and vocalisations, copulation, display sites near ground level, and secondary sites at higher levels.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{B314} Bayley, K. 1999. Observations of behaviour of Sulphur-crested Cockatoos Cacatua galerita in suburban Sydney. Corella 23: 11--15. (Dept. Biol. Sci., Macquarie Univ., NSW 2109, Australia.)---Previously undescribed behaviour patterns of habituated birds include pair beak-clacking and posing, male/male beak-clacking and allopreening, and chorusing.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{B314} Caccamise, D. R., et al. 1997. Roosting behavior and group territoriality in American Crows. Auk 114: 628--637. (Dept. Entomol., Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ 08903, USA; EM: caccamis@rci.rutgers.edu)---Corvus brachyrhynchos maintain group cohesion on territories year-round to retain breeding sites but may benefit from dispersing to distant communal roosts when territorial food is scarce.---G.R.P. {ROL #78}

{B314} Chapman, G. 1998. The social life of the Apostlebird Struthidea cinerea. Emu 98: 178--1183. (P.O. Box 33, Vincentia, NSW 2540, Australia.)---Results of six-year study of colour-banded individuals.---W.K.S. {ROL #78}

{B314} Hough, D., et al. 1998. Vigilance and group size in Emus. Emu 98: 324--327. (Div. Bot. & Zool., Aust. Natl. Univ., Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia.) {ROL #78}

{B314} Kamata, M. 1994. Family breakup of the Red-crowned Crane Grus japonensis at an artificial feeding site in eastern Hokkaido, Japan. Pp. 149--155. in The future of cranes and wetlands (H. Higuchi & J. Minton, eds.). (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.) {ROL #78}

{B314} Kirkwood, R., & G. Robertson. 1999. The occurrence and purpose of huddling by Emperor Penguins during foraging trips. Emu 99: 40--45. (Phillip Is. Nat. Pk., P.O. Box 97, Cowes, Vic. 3922, Australia.)---Aptenodytes forsteri. {ROL #78}

{B316} Cuadrado, M. 1995. Winter territoriality in migrant Black Redstarts Phoenicurus ochruros in the Mediterranean area. Bird Study 42: 232--239. (Dept. Ecol., Lund Univ., Ecol. Bldg., S-223 62, Lund, Sweden.) {ROL #78}

{B316} Fontana, C., & W. A. Voss. 1996. Area de uso e atividade diaria de Heteroxolmis dominicana (Tyrannidae) em dois banhados de Sao Francisco de Paula, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. [Home range and daily activities of the Black-and-white Monjita in two wetland areas of Sao Francisco de Paula, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil.] Acta Biol. Leopoldensia 18(1): 105--122. (Museu de Ciencias e Tecnologia da PUCRS, Av. Ipiranga, 6681, 90619-900 Porto Alegre RS, Brasil.)---Home ranges are larger during the nonbreeding season.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{B316} Higuchi, H., M. Nakane, & T. Maru. 1993. [Home range and pair duration of the Bonin Islands Honeyeater Apalopteron familiare.] Strix 12: 23--33. (Lab. Wildl. Biol., Sch. Agric. & Life Sci., Univ. Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113, Japan.) {ROL #78}

{B316} Linkhart, B. D., R. T. Reynolds, & R. A. Ryder. 1998. Home range and habitat of breeding Flammulated Owls in Colorado. Wilson Bull. 110: 342--351. (Dept. Environ., Popul., Organismic Biol., Univ. Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA; EM: linkhart@colorado.edu)---Otus flammeolus. {ROL #78}

{B316} Nakamura, S. 1998. [The territorial behaviour of the Carrion Crows Corvus corone corone in Japan.] Jap. J. Ornithol. 46: 213--223. (Abuno High Sch., 3-38-1 Himurocho, Takatsuki, Osaka 569-1141, Japan.)---Crows stayed in the same area and kept year-round home ranges, which they defended as territories in the breeding season. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---H.N. {ROL #78}

{B316} Robbins, M. B. 1998. Display behavior of male Sprague's Pipits. Wilson Bull. 110: 435--438. (Div. Birds, Mus. Nat. Hist., Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA; EM: mrobbins@falcon.cc.ukans.edu)---Detailed description and estimated energetics of aerial territorial displays of Anthus spragueii.---J.J.Dos. {ROL #78}

{B316} Smith, G. C., J. Afridis, & N. Lees. 1998. Radio-tracking revealed home ranges of Black-breasted Button-quail Turnix melanogaster in remnant vine scrub between Hoop Pine plantation and agriculture [Australia]. Emu 98: 171--177. (Resour. Sci. Ctr., Dept. Nat. Resour., 80 Meiers Rd., Indooroopilly, Qld. 4068, Australia.)---Home range estimates from four tracked individuals ranged between 2.2 and 6.1 ha with considerable overlapping of home ranges.---W.K.S. {ROL #78}

{B318} Masatomi, H. 1994. Structure and function of crane dance. Pp. 146--148. in The future of cranes and wetlands (H. Higuchi & J. Minton, eds.). (Hokkaido Coll., Senshu Univ., Koshiunai, Bibai, Hokkaido 079-01, Japan.)---Grus japonensis. {ROL #78}

{B318} Olarte, L. G. 1994. [Flight of "Acestrura (heliodor) astreans" - Sierra Nevada, Santa Marta, Colombia.] Bol. SAO (Soc. Ornitol. Antioquia) 5(9): 4-7. (c/o SAO, A.A. 10060, Medellin, Colombia.)---Display flight of the Gorgeted Woodstar. (Spanish.)---W.H.W. {ROL #78}

{B320} Fernández-Juricic, E., M. B. Martella, & E. V. Alvarez. 1998. Vocalizations of the Blue-fronted Amazon (Amazona aestiva) in the Chancaní Reserve, Córdoba, Argentina. Wilson Bull. 110: 352--361. (Dept. Biología Anim. I, Facultad Biología, Univ. Complutense Madrid E, 28040 Madrid, Spain; EM: estebanf@eucmax.sim.ucm.es) {ROL #78}

{B320} Fujita, K. 1992. [Characteristics of song duration of the Varied Tit Parus varius.] Strix 11: 35--45. (Sanctuary Ctr., Yokohama Nat. Sanctuary, Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 1562-1 Kamigo-cho, Sakae-ku, Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa 247, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B320} Greenlaw, J. S., C. E. Shackelford, & R. E. Brown. 1998. Call mimicry by Eastern Towhees and its significance in relation to auditory learning. Wilson Bull. 110: 431--434. (2813 SW 43 Ln., Cape Coral, FL 33914, USA; EM: jsg@iline.com)---Pipilo erythrophthalmus used mimicked alarm calls from Cyanocitta cristata, Toxostoma rufum, and Turdus migratorius.---J.J.Dos. {ROL #78}

{B320} Hill, F. A. R., & A. Lill. 1998. Vocalisations of the Christmas Island Hawk-Owl Ninox natalis: individual variation in advertisement calls. Emu 98: 221--226. (Birds Australia, 415 Riversdale Rd., Hawthorn E., Vic. 3123, Australia.) {ROL #78}

{B320} Jurisevic, M. A. 1999. Structural change of begging vocalisations and vocal repertoires in two hand-raised Australian passerines, the Little Raven Corvus mellori and White-winged Chough Corcorax melanorhamphos. Emu 99: 1--8. (Sch. Biol. Sci., Flinders Univ. SA, G.P.O. Box 2100, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia.) {ROL #78}

{B320} King, J. R. 1992. Song by female Phylloscopus warblers: the influence of ‘stress’. Br. Birds 85: 673--674. (Edward Grey Inst. Field Ornithol., Dept. Zool., South Parks Rd., Oxford OX1 3PS, UK.)---Phylloscopus collybita and Phylloscopus trochilus. {ROL #78}

{B320} Lindell, C. 1998. Limited geographic variation in the vocalizations of a neotropical Furnariid, Synallaxis albescens. Wilson Bull. 110: 368--374. (Michigan State Univ., Dept. Zool., E. Lansing, MI 48824, USA; EM: lindellc@pilot.msu.edu)---Pale-breasted Spinetail. {ROL #78}

{B320} Melville, D. S. 1997. Call of the Imperial Grey Pigeon. Kukila 9: 172. (WWF Hong Kong, G.P.O. Box 12721, Hong Kong.)---Ducula pickeringii. {ROL #78}

{B320} Mercolli, C., & A. A. Yanosky. 1994. Vocalizaciones del Ñandú comun Rhea americana (Aves: Rheidae) en Argentina. [Calls of the common Rhea americana (Aves: Rheidae) in Argentina.] Rev. Biol. Trop. 42: 759-760.---The birds vocalize during harem formation and while incubating. Vocalizations are more frequent in the first half of the day. They may be used both for attracting females and nesting territoriality.---S.C. {ROL #78}

{B320} Palestrini, C., & A. Rolando. 1996. Differential calls by Carrion and Hooded Crows (Corvus corone corone and Corvus c. cornix) in the Alpine hybrid zone. Bird Study 43: 364--370. (Depto. Biol. Anim., via Accademia Albertina 17, 10123 Turin, Italy.) {ROL #78}

{B320} Titus, R. C. 1998. Short-range and long-range songs: use of two acoustically distinct song classes by Dark-eyed Juncos. Auk 115: 386--393. (Dept. Fish. Wildl. Sci., Cheatham Hall, Virginia Polytech. Inst. State Univ., Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA; EM: rtitus@indiana.edu)---Identifies distinct functions of song classes; Junco hyemalis.---A.D.F. {ROL #78}

{B320} Tyler, G. A., & R. E. Green. 1996. The incidence of nocturnal song by male Corncrakes Crex crex is reduced during pairing. Bird Study 43: 214--219. (RSPB, 17 Regent Terrace, Edinburgh EH7 5BN, U. K.) {ROL #78}

{B500} Nagano, Y., et al. 1992. [Reactions of Hooded and White-naped Cranes to men and cars.] Strix 11: 179--187. (Akahara Office. 2-31-3 Ayukawa, Ibaraki-shi, Osaka 567, Japan.)---Grus vipio, Grus monacha. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B500} Shimada, T. 1999. [Comparison of the food abundance for wintering geese of different harvesting methods in rice fields near Lake Izunuma-Uchinuma {Japan}.] Strix 17: 111--117. (Miyagi Prefectural Izunuma-Uchinuma Environ. Found., 17-2 Shikimi, Wakayanagi, Miyagi 989-5504, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B502} Blem, C. R., & B. A. Willis. 1998. Seasonal variation of human-caused mortality of birds in the Richmond area. Raven 69: 3--7. (Dept. Biol., Virginia Commonwealth Univ., Richmond, VA 23284-2012, USA.)---Among the 111 species recovered as window and road kill, peak mortality at this Virginia locality was in Feb and Mar. Permanent residents were salvaged significantly more frequently than migrants or summer residents.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{B502} Musters, C. J. M., M. A. W. Noordervliet, & W. J. Ter Keurs. 1996. Bird casualties caused by a wind energy project in an estuary. Bird Study 43: 124--126. (Dept. Environ. Biol., Leiden Univ., P.O. Box 9516, 2300 RA Leiden, Netherlands.) {ROL #78}

{B502} Ohata, K., S. Nemoto, & M. Murai. 1993. [Mortality of seabirds due to oil contamination along the Tomakomai coast, Hokkaido {Japan}.] Strix 12: 214--218. (Lake Utonai Sanctuary, Uenae 150-3, Tomakomai, Hokkaido 059-13, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B502} Suzuki, H., A. Matsui, & T. Shibahara. 1999. [Birds injured by fishing line, fish hook and lure observed at Tokyo Bay.] Strix 17: 197--199. (Sanctuary Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, Akitsu 5-1-1, Narashino, Chiba, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B502} Yanagawa, H., & M. Tsutsubuchi. 1999. [Mass mortality of Redpolls, Acanthis flammea, by collisions with vehicles.] Strix 17: 177-180. (Lab. Wildl. Ecol., Dept. Agro-Environ. Sci., Obihiro Univ. Agric. Vet. Med., Inada, Obihiro 080-8555, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B504} Garnett, S. 1998. Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo damage and damage mitigation at Lakeland Downs, Cape York Peninsula [Australia]. Eclectus 5: 26--34. (Dept. Environ. Heritage, P.O. Box 2066, Cairns, Qld. 4870, Australia.)---Calyptorhynchus banksii is a serious pest on peanut crops; one year's surveys showed c. 2000 birds from April to June. Tests of Birdeter, a deterrent device using microwaves and distress calls, were inconclusive, since they started only after cockatoo feeding pattern had been established. Direct and indirect costs of cockatoo damage were c. 40% of the gross margin. Future options are discussed.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{B504} Khan, H. A. 1998. Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri, a serious threat to agriculture. Eclectus 5: 39--41. (Dept. Zool. & Fish., Univ. Agric., Faisalabad, Pakistan.)---Feeds on a wide variety of crops and fruits.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{B504} Klaer, N., & T. Polacheck. 1998. The influence of environmental factors and mitigation measures no by-catch rates of seabirds by Japanese longline fishing vessels in the Australian Region. Emu 98: 305--316. (CSIRO Div. Mar. Res., G.P.O. Box 1538, Hobart, Tas. 7001, Australia.) {ROL #78}

{B504} Minton, C. D. T. 1998. Multiple bird deaths caused by a single fishing line. Aust. Bird Watcher 17: 344--346. (165 Dalgetty Rd., Beaumaris, Vic. 3193, Australia.)---Hooked Larus novaehollandiae trailed line through breeding colony of Sterna bergii entangling 13 terns.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{B504} Narusue, M., T. Matsuzawa, N. Kato, & K. Fukui. 1999. [Questionnaire survey on possible relations between Great Cormorants Phalacrocorax carbo and fishery damage in inland waters.] Strix 17: 133--145. (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B504} Takeda, K. 1992. [The activation of endogenous development within agriculture and forestry by preservation of wild birds.] Strix 11: 307--327 (1991 Kuwamachi, Igaueno-shi, Mie 513, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B504} Tenby, I. 1998. Reducing cockatoo damage in Victoria [Australia]. Eclectus 5: 20--26. (Dept. Nat. Resour. Environ., 4/250 Victoria Parade, Melbourne East, Vic. 3002, Australia.)---Long-billed Corellas Cacatua tenuirostris, Sulphur-crested Cockatoos Cacatua galerita, and Galahs Cacatua roseicapilla cause damage to crops and property in Victoria. Three extension sheets available at http: //www.nre.vic.gov.au describe damage and legal methods of control.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{B508} Cox, R. R., Jr., & A. D. Afton. 1998. Use of mini-refuges by female Northern Pintails wintering in southwestern Louisiana. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 26: 130--137. (U.S. Geol. Survey, North. Prairie Wildl. Res. Ctr., 8711 37th St. SE, Jamestown, ND 58401, USA.)---Anas acuta. {ROL #78}

{B508} Greenwood, R. J., D. G. Pietruszewski, & R. D. Crawford. 1988. Effects of food supplementation on depredation of duck nests in upland habitat. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 26: 219--226. (U.S. Geol. Survey, Biol. Resour. Div., North. Prairie Wildl. Res. Ctr., Jamestown, ND 58401, USA.)---Nest predation rates did not change as a result of feeding, probably because predator communities are complex.---W.P.J. {ROL #78}

{B508} Kaneko, T. 1996. [On the provision of punishment in wildlife protection and hunting law.] Strix 14: 159--169. (1-13-12-908 Higashioi, Shinagawa, Tokyo 140, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B508} Ming, Ma. 1998. The contribution of shorebirds to the catches of hunters in the Shanghai area, China, during 1997-1998. Stilt 33: 32--36. (Xinjiang Inst. Biol. Pedolgy Desert Res., Academica Sinca, No. 40 Beijing Rd., Urumqui 830011, Xinjiang, China.)---Interviews with hunters and market surveys show higher prices have increased number of hunters and changed demographics. Hunting is still a serious problem for waders.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{B508} Schemnitz, S. D., & M. L. Zornes. 1995. Management practices to benefit Gould’s Turkeys in the Peloncillo Mountains, New Mexico. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-264: 461--464. (Dept. Fish. & Wildl. Sci., New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA.)---Effects of grazing, vegetation management, access roads, etc., on Meleagris gallopavo. {ROL #78}

{B508} Smith, G. W., & J. A. Dubovsky. 1998. The point system and duck-harvest management. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 26: 333--341. (Off. Migratory Bird Manage., USFWS, 11500 American Holly Dr., Laurel, MD 20708-4016, USA.)---Argument against reinstating the point system as a harvest management tool.---W.P.J. {ROL #78}

{B508} Stephens, S. E., et al. 1998. Reproduction of Wood Ducks in large and small nest boxes. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 26: 159--167. (Ducks Unlimited, Inc., One Waterfowl Way, Memphis, TN 38120, USA.)---Large boxes were used by Aix sponsa more frequently, were parasitized more often, and had more young leave than small boxes, but nest success between large and small boxes was similar; low construction costs make small boxes more cost-effective than large boxes.---W.P.J. {ROL #78}

{B508} Svingen, D., & S. H. Anderson. 1998. Waterfowl management on grass-sage stock ponds. Wetlands 18: 84--89. (U.S. Geol. Survey, Wyoming Coop. Fish Wildl. Res. Unit, Univ. Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071-3166, USA.)---Anas platyrhynchos were the most common ducks breeding on Wyoming stock ponds; fencing should improve ponds for waterfowl broods.---W.P.J. {ROL #78}

{B509} Baker, H. B., et. al. 1999. Common Mynah on Midway Atoll NWR, 1996. Elepaio 59: 17, 19. (44 Springfield Rd., Etwall, Derby DE65 6LA, UK.)---Estimated 750--850 introduced Acridotheres tristis present on Sand Island, Midway in Feb 1996.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{B509} Begg, B. 1998. Sky Lark: our most welcome introduced species. Birders J. 7: 252--249. (9350 Creswell Rd., North Saanich, BC V8L 5T9, Can.)---Historical and current status and distribution of Alauda arvensis in Can. and WA, USA.; presently found on Vancouver Is., BC, Can., and San Juan Is., WA, USA.---A.L.L. {ROL #78}

{B509} Delany, S. 1993. Introduced and escaped geese in Britain in summer 1991. Br. Birds 86: 591--599. (Res. Dept., Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust, Slimbridge, Gloucester GL2 7BT, UK.)---15 species, of which Branta canadensis (63,581), Anser anser (19,501), Branta leucopsis (925), and Alopochen aegyptiacus (906) were the most numerous,---D.W. {ROL #78}

{B509} Gonzalez, O. 1998. Coereba flaveola, un ave nueva en el ecosistema de parques de la ciudad de Lima. Ecologia, Revista de la Asociacion Peruana de Ecologia 1(1): 79--83.---Reports the introduction of Bananaquits in 1990 and how they have spread through the city of Lima; discusses how they could affect other urban birds.--- O.G. {ROL #78}

{B509} Morgan, D. H. W. 1993. Feral Rose-ringed Parakeets in Britain. Br. Birds 86: 561--564. (Joint Nat. Conserv. Com., Monkstone House, City Rd., Peterborough PE1 1JY, UK.)---Psittacula krameri. {ROL #78}

{B509} Vinicombe, K., J. Marchant, & A. Knox. 1993. Review of status and categorisation of feral birds on the British List. Br. Birds 86: 605--614. (11 Kennington Ave., Bishopston, Bristol BS7 9EU, UK.)---For Anas strepera, Anas platyrhynchos, Accipiter gentilis, Perdix perdix, and Columba livia, significant proportions of the breeding populations are derived from introduced or escaped stock.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{B510} Miller, G. H., et al. 1999. Pleistocene extinction of Genyornis newtoni: Human impact on Australian megafauna. Science 283: 205--208. (Dept. Geol. Sci., Univ. Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA; EM: gmiller@colorado.edu)---Sudden disappearance coincided with arrival of humans.---M.J.J. {ROL #78}

{B510} Perez, E., & J. Ojasti. 1996. La utilizacion de la fauna silvestre en la America tropical y recomendaciones para su manejo sustentable en las sabanas. [The use of wildlife in tropical America and recommendations for its sustainable development in the savannas.] Ecotropicos 9(2): 71--82. {ROL #78}

{B510} Wander, N. 1999. A bird of the heavens will carry the voice. Birding 31: 300--305. (P.O. Box 301, Port Orford, OR 97465, USA.)---Etymology of various bird-related phrases such as kibitz, jim crow, scarce as hen's teeth.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{B700} Acker, J. M. 1996. Northern Saw-whet Owls nesting on Bainbridge Island, Washington. Wash. Birds 5: 61--64. (9883 NE Day Rd., Bainbridge Island, WA 98110, USA.)---Nesting behavior of Aegolius acadicus.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{B700} Acosta, M., & L. Mugica. 1990. Evidencia reproductiva del pajaro vaquero en el Jardin Botanico Nacional de la Habana. [Reproductive evidence of the "cowbird" in the National Botanic Garden of Havana, Cuba.] Biologia 4: 81--82. (Facultad de Biologia, Universidad de la Habana, Cuba.)---Nesting of Icterus dominicensis.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{B700} Alker, P. J., & C. P. E. Redfern. 1996. Double brooding and polygyny in Sedge Warblers Acrocephalus schoenobaenus breeding in north-west England. Bird Study 43: 356--363. (34 High Grange Ave., Marus Bridge, Wigan, WN3 6TA, UK.)---Double brooding is normal in this population and polygyny may be, but is easily overlooked.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{B700} Blankespoor, G. W., Blankespoor, H. D., & M. F. Houdek. 1998. Migrant and breeding Common Mergansers on Crystal Lake, MI. Michigan Birds Nat. Hist. 5: 105--117. (Dept. Biol., Augustana Coll., Sioux Falls, SD 57197 USA.)---Breeding behavior and reproductive biology of Mergus merganser on a lake rather than river.---J.A.C. {ROL #78}

{B700} Carmona, R., & B. Zarate. 1992. Biología reproductiva de la gaviota de patas amarillas (Larus livens), en Isla Gaviota B.C.S., Mexico. [Reproductive biology of the Yellow-footed Gull Larus livens in Isla Gaviota, Baja California Sur, Mexico.] Rev. Inv. Cient. ser. Cienc. Mar 3: 11--22. (Dept. de Biología Marina Univ. Autonoma de Baja California Sur, A.P. 19-B La Paz, B.C.S. 23000 Mexico.) {ROL #78}

{B700} Chong, J., et al. 1996. [Breeding biology of Black-faced Spoonbill Platalea minor.] Strix 14: 1--10. (Fac. Edu., Korean Univ., 1-700 Ogawa-cho, Kodaira-shi, Tokyo 187, Japan.) {ROL #78}

{B700} Delestrade, A., & G. Stoyanov. 1995. Breeding biology of the Alpine Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus. Bird Study 42: 222--231. (Centre de Biol. des Ecosystémes d’altitude, Univ. Pau, 64000 Pau, France.) {ROL #78}

{B700} Denny, R. E., & R. W. Summers. 1996. Nest site selection, management and breeding success of Crested Tits Parus cristatus at Abernethy Forest, Strathspey. Bird Study 43: 371--379. (RSPB, Etive House, Beechwood Park, Inverness IV2 3BW, UK.) {ROL #78}

{B700} Di Giacomo, A. G. 1998. [Nesting of Thamnophilus doliatus in Argentina.] El Hornero 15(1): 53--57.---Barred Antshrike; 5 nests studied.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{B700} Fernandez, G. J., & J. C. Reboreda. 1998. Effects of clutch size and timing of breeding on reproductive success of Greater Rheas. Auk 115: 340--348. (JCB: Instituto Biol. Medicina Exp.-CONICET, Vuelta de Obligado 2490, 1428 Buenos Aires, Argentina; EM: reboreda@bg.fcen.uba.ar)---Rhea americana. {ROL #78}

{B700} Frith, C. B., & D. W. Frith. 1998. Nesting biology of the Golden Bowerbird Prionodura newtoniana endemic to Australian upland tropical rainforest. Emu 98: 245--268. (P.O. Box 581, Malanda, Qld. 4885, Australia.) {ROL #78}

{B700} Fujita, G. 1993. [Nest-site selection and reproductive success in Barn Swallows: preliminary report.] Strix 12: 35--39. (Lab. Wildl. Biol., Sch. Agric. & Life Sci., Univ. Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113, Japan.)---For Hirundo rustica, the average number of fledglings was larger for nests in semi-closed sites than in open sites. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{B700} Hayakawa, M. 1999. [The destruction of eggs in a nearby nest by Little Tern, Sterna albifrons.] Strix 17: 159--163. (Water Birds Study Group Japan, 1-13-14 Shinjuku Chuo-ku Chiba-shi, Chiba 260-0022, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B700} Hirai, M. 1999. [Nesting of the Long-billed Plover Charadrius placidus in Mie Prefecture {Japan}.] Strix 17: 77--83. (910-49 TabataUeno, Anno, Aki, Mie 514-2325, Japan.)---Breeding ecology. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{B700} Hirano, T. 1998. [Second breeding attempts of Japanese Sparrowhawks in residential areas.] Strix 16: 167--170. (c/o T. Tomuro, 2-3-15 Yoshino, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 320-0838, Japan.)---Accipiter gularis. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B700} Hoover, J. P., & M. C. Brittingham. 1998. Nest-site selection and nesting success of Wood Thrushes. Wilson Bull. 110: 375--383. (Illinois Nat. Hist. Survey, 607 E. Peabody Dr., Champaign, IL 61820, USA; EM: j-hoover@staff.uiuc.edu)---Successful Hylocichla mustelina nests had greater average concealment than unsuccessful nests. Size of forest tract had greatest influence on success or failure of nests.---J.J.Dos. {ROL #78}

{B700} Ishizuka, T., et al. 1998. [Nesting behavior of the [Common] Blackbird Turdus merula in Kanazawa {Japan}.] Strix 16: 135--141. (Hoshino Wildl. Res. Ctr., Hoshino, Karuizawa, Nagano 389-0194, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B700} Levy, C. 1997. Nesting of an endemic Orangequit, Euneornis campestris (Emberizidae) in Jamaica. Carib. J. Sci. 33(3--4): 283--284. {ROL #78}

{B700} Ley, A. J., & M. B. Williams. 1998. Nesting of the Regent Honeyeater Xanthomyza phrygia near Armidale, New South Wales. Aust. Bird Watcher 17: 328--336. (19 Lynches Rd., Armidale, NSW 2350, Australia.)---Quantified contribution of male and female to nest building, incubation, feeding of young, brooding and interspecific aggression. Also examples of vocal mimicry.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{B700} Mollhoff, W. 1997. Notes on the nesting biology of Pygmy Nuthatches in Nebraska. Nebraska Bird Rev. 65: 150--159. (1817 Boyd St., Ashland, NE 68003-1752, USA.)---Data on habitats, nest sites, and breeding cycle of Sitta pygmaea in the Pine Ridge area of northwest Nebraska.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{B700} Morales L., J., et al. 1991. Conducta reproductiva y nidificacion del Rabihorcado (Fregata magnificens). [Reproductive and nesting behavior of Magnificent Frigatebird.] Biologia 5: 3--8. (Instituto Superior Pedagogico de Camaguey, Cuba.)---Nests showed a complex aggregated pattern.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{B700} Muller, M. J. 1995. Pied-billed Grebes nesting on Green Lake, Seattle, Washington. Wash. Birds 4: 35--59. (6205 Latona Ave. NE, Seattle, WA 98115--6552, USA.)---Aspects of the nesting behavior of Podilymbus podiceps at 13 nests on a 104-ha lake in urban setting.---J.B.B. {ROL #78}

{B700} Nava S., J. 1994. Habitos reproductivos de la Zacua Mayor (Psarocolius montezuma) en Bacalar, Quintana Roo, Mexico. [Breeding habits of the Montezuma Oropendola at Bacalar, Quintana Roo, Mexico.] An. Inst. Biol. UNAM ser. Zool. 65: 265--274. (Campo experimental Forestal "San Felipe Bacalar" Apdo. Postal 182, 77000 Chetumal, Quintana Roo, Mexico.)---Montezuma Oropendolas nest in colonies, parasitized by Scaphidura oryzivora.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{B700} Noske, R. A. 1998. Breeding biology, demography and success of the Rufous-banded Honeyeater, Conopophila albogularis, in Darwin, a monsoonal tropical city. Wildl. Res. 25: 339--356. (Sch. Biol. Sci., NT Univ., P.O. Box 40146, Casuarina, NT 0811, Australia.)---Study of a suburban colour-banded population.---M.G.B. {ROL #78}

{B700} Paz-Barreto, D. 1997. [On the reproductive biology of the Cape Pigeon (Daption capense) at Laurie Island, South Orkneys.] El Hornero 14(4): 179--183.---Breeding cycle. Body mass of chicks equals that of adults.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{B700} Quesnel, V. C. 1995. Life history data for three tyrant flycatchers. J. Trinidad & Tobago Field Nat. Club 1995: 38--39. (P.O. Box 47, Port of Spain, Trinidad.)---Nesting details for Fluvicola pica, Arundinicola leucocephala, and Pitangus sulphuratus in Trinidad.---R.P.ff. {ROL #78}

{B700} Ramirez, M. G., & J. C. Arias. 1994. [Reproductive activity of Doryfera ludoviciae - La Planada, Narino, Colombia.] Bol. SAO (Soc. Ornitol. Antioquia) 5(9): 8--12. (c/o SAO, A.A. 10060, Medellin, Colombia.)---Green-fronted Lancebill. (Spanish.)---W.H.W. {ROL #78}

{B700} Shirai, T. 1999. [Breeding biology of Grey Herons Ardea cinerea in the Tama River {Japan}.] Strix 17: 85--91. (Sin-ishikawa 1-32-14, Aoba-ku, Yokohama, 225-0003, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B700} Smiddy, P., et al. 1995. The breeding biology of the Dipper Cinclus cinclus in south-west Ireland. Bird Study 42: 76--81. (Dept. Zool., Univ. Coll., Cork, Ireland.) {ROL #78}

{B700} Thibault, J.-C. 1994. Nest-site tenacity and mate fidelity in relation to breeding success in Cory’s Shearwater Calonectris diomedea. Bird Study 41: 25--28. (Parc natural régional de la Corse, B.P. 417, F-20184, Ajaccio, Corsica, France.) {ROL #78}

{B700} Tubelis, D. P. 1998. Biologia reprodutiva de duas especies de Myiarchus (Tyrannidae) utilizando caixas de nidificacao instaladas em uma mata secundaria. [Breeding biology of two species of Myiarchus flycatchers using nestboxes installed in a second-growth forest.] Ararajuba, Rev. Bras. Ornitol. 6: 46--50. {ROL #78}

{B700} Veistola, S., et al. 1996. The breeding biology of the Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus in a marginal area of Finland. Bird Study 43: 351--355. (Lab. Ecol. Zool., Dept. Biol., Univ. Turku, FIN-20500 Turku, Finland.)---Clutch size is largest recorded; mean hatching success 0.91, fledging success 0.89; population seems stable.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{B700} Yahagi, E. 1996. [Comparative study on the breeding ecology of Great Tit Parus major and Varied Tit Parus varius in Hakone district of Kanagawa Prefecture {Japan}.] Strix 14: 11--23. (Survey Div., Japanese Soc. Preserv. Birds, 2-5-5 Shinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B702} Arrighi, A. C., & J. L. Navarro. 1998. [Breeding ecology of the Imperial Shag (Phalacrocorax atriceps), in Deseada Island {Santa Cruz, Argentina}.] El Hornero 15(1): 64--67.---Data on arrival, egg laying, hatching and departure, etc., based on a 2-yr study of this colony.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{B702} Breen, T. F., & J. W. Parrish, Jr. 1995. First evidence for double-brooding in southeastern American Kestrels in Georgia. Oriole 60: 81--83. (Dept. Biol., Georgia Southern Univ., Statesboro, GA 30460-8042, USA.)---Two broods of Falco sparverius young in August 1995 at Fort Gordon Military Base, where earlier nestings had been completed by the second week of June.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{B702} Burguer, M. I. 1992. Ciclo reproductivo de machos de uma populacao de Nothura maculosa Temmick, 1815 (Aves: Tinamidae) no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. [Reproductive cycle of male Nothura maculosa in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.] Iheringia ser. Zool. 73: 77--90. (Museu de Ciencias Naturais, Fundacao Zoobotanica do Rio Grande do Sul. Cx. Postal 1188, 90.00 1-970. Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.)---In Spotted Nothura, testes are enlarged between September and February.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{B702} Codenotti, T. L. 1997. [Reproductive phenology and biometry of nests, eggs and chicks of the Greater Rhea, Rhea americana in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.] El Hornero 14(4): 211--223. {ROL #78}

{B702} Garkaklis, M. J., et al. 1998. The breeding phenology of Wedge-tailed Shearwaters Puffinus pacificus on Rottnest Island, Western Australia. Emu 98: 317--319. (Biol. Sci., Murdoch Univ., WA 6150, Australia.) {ROL #78}

{B702} Michael, J. H., Jr. 1992. Late nesting by Barn Swallow. Wash. Birds 2: 24. (Wash. Dept. Fish., P. O. Box 43154, Olympia, WA 98504, USA.)---Large young in 2 nests of Hirundo rustica on 15 Sep 1991 in Washington.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{B702} Noske, R. 1999. Notes on the breeding biology of the tropical mangrove-dwelling Yellow White-eye Zosterops luteus. Aust. Bird Watcher 18: 3--7. (Sch. Biol. Environ. Sci., NT Univ., Darwin, NT 0909, Australia.)---Breeds all year round with shortest known incubation period for Australian passerines.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{B702} Smith, R. D., & D. P. Whitfield. 1995. Renesting by male Dotterel Charadrius morinellus after successfully rearing chicks. (Appl. Ornithol. Unit, Dept. Zool., Univ. Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Scotland, UK.) {ROL #78}

{B702} Sokolov, L. V., & V. A. Payevsky. 1998. Spring temperatures influence year-to-year variations in the breeding phenology of passerines on the Courish Spit, eastern Baltic. Avian Ecol. Behav. 1: 22--36. (Biol Stn. Rybachy, Zool. Inst., Russ. Acad. Sci., 199034 St. Petersburg, Russia; EM: Rybachy@bioryb.koenig.su) {ROL #78}

{B702} Surman, C. A. 1998. Seabird breeding schedules at the Pelsaert Group of islands, Houtman Abrolhos, Western Australia between 1993 and 1998. Records West. Aust. Mus. 19: 209--215. (Sch. Biol. Sci., Murdoch Univ., Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia.)---Records from 1993 to 1998. Most seabirds bred between August and April; start of laying in some species varied dramatically from one year to the next.---M.G.B. {ROL #78}

{B702} Suzuki, Y., M. Yui, & M. Nakamura. 1992. [Two broods of Narcissus Flycatchers Ficedula narcissina in one breeding season.] Strix 11: 348--350. (Tohoku Res. Ctr., For. & For. Products Res. Inst., Nabeyashiki 72, Morioka, Iwate 020-01, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B704} Crawford, R. L. 1996. Brown-headed Cowbirds in pine forests of south Georgia. Oriole 61: 77--80. (208 Junius St., Thomasville, GA 31792, USA.)---Observations 1988--1994 showed that large numbers of Molothrus ater occurred there during the breeding season.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{B704} Hampshire, J. S., & F. J. Russell. 1993. Oystercatchers rearing Northern Lapwing chick. Br. Birds 86: 17--19. (Rose Cottage, Beach Rd., Lessingham, Norfolk NR12 0SU, UK.)---Haematopus ostralegus rearing Vanellus vanellus.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{B704} Harun, M. A. S., & et al. 1998. Breeding biology of Muscovy duck Cairina moschata in natural incubation: the effect of nesting behavior on hatchability. Poult. Sci. 77: 1280--1286. (Veeneklaas, R. J.: Dept. Vet. Basic Sci., Div. Physiol., Utrecht Univ., P.O. Box 80.176, 3508 TD Utrecht, The Netherlands.)---Nesting behavior is similar between domestic birds of this species and their wild ancestors. Hatchability was not significantly different between normal (76%) and dump (77%) nests. Dump nesting in this species nevertheless seems to be a useful way to increase duckling production.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{B704} Hauber, M. E. 1998. Single-egg removal from an artificial nest by a Gray Catbird. Wilson Bull. 110: 426--429. (Sec. Neurobiol. Behav., Seeley G. Mudd Hall, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY 14853-2702, USA; EM: meh20@cornell.edu)---Dumetella carolinensis. {ROL #78}

{B704} Higuchi, H., & K. Ozaki. 1994. [A case of a parasitic reddish egg in the nest of Crowned Willow Warblers Phylloscopus occipitalis in Hokkaido, northern Japan.] Strix 13: 227--229. (Lab. Wildl. Biol., Sch. Agric. & Life Sci., Univ. Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B704} Imanishi, S. 1994. [A Brown Shrike feeding a young Bull-headed Shrike.] Strix 13: 224--226. (Lab. Uramoto, Dept. Human Sci., Fac. Humanities, Wako Univ., Kanaichou 2160, Machida, Tokyo 195, Japan.)---Lanius bucephalus, Lanius cristatus. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B704} Manlove, C. A. 1998. Eastern Screech-Owl (Otus asio) successfully hatches Wood Duck (Aix sponsa) egg. Alabama Birdlife 43(2): 10--12. (Dept. Zool. & Wildl. Sci., Auburn University, AL 36849-5414, USA.) {ROL #78}

{B704} Matsuda, M. 1997. [Feeding of Great Tit chicks by Long-tailed Tits.] Strix 15: 144--147. (Komagome 1-3-4-502, Toshima-ku, Tokyo, Japan.)---Aegithalos caudatus brought food to a Parus major nest. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{B704} Narita, A. 1994. [Adoption of chicks by Black-tailed Gulls Larus crassirostris.] Strix 13: 218--220. (Hachinohe Sch. Deaf, 6-29-24 Kashiwazaki, Hachinohe, Aomori 031-0081, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B704} Palomino, J. J., M. Martin-Vivaldi, & M. Soler. 1998. Early arrival is not advantageous for Rufous Bush-Robins parasitized by Common Cuckoos. Auk 115: 235--239. (Depto. Biol. Anim. Ecol., Fac. Cienc., Univ. Granada, E-18001 Granada, Spain; EM: mvivaldi@goliat.ugr.es)---Cercotrichas galactotes, Cuculus canorus. {ROL #78}

{B704} Pennington, M. G. 1993. Apparent egg-dumping by Common Gulls. Br. Birds 86: 182. (9 Daisy Park, Baltasound, Unst, Shetland ZE2 9EA, UK.)---Larus canus. {ROL #78}

{B704} Tollop, J. 1997. Brown-headed Nuthatch feeds Eastern Bluebird nestlings. Oriole 62(1/2): 4. (20 Willow Tree Terr., Covington, GA 30209, USA.)---Sitta pusilla fed nestling Sialia sialis in nest box at Covington, Georgia 30 Apr--7 May ceasing only when young fledged and despite occasional chasing by adult bluebirds.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{B704} Ueda, K. 1993. [A case of inter-specific brood parasitism in the Moorhen Gallinula chloropus.] Strix 12: 224--226. (Lab. Biol., Rikkyo Univ., Ikebukuro, Tokyo 171, Japan.)---Ixobrychus sinensis nest with a Gallinula chloropus egg. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{B704} Wasserman, F. E., et al. 1998. Evolutionary lag in cowbird nestling recognition by Ovenbirds. Bird Obs. (Massachusetts) 26: 229--235. (C/O BOEM, P.O. Box 236, Arlington, MA 02174, USA.)---Evolutionary-lag is a possibility but evolutionary-equilibrium hypothesis does not explain Seiurus aurocapillus raising Molothrus ater.---W.E.D. {ROL #78}

{B704} Watson, J. W., & B. Cunningham. 1996. Another occurrence of Bald Eagles rearing a Red-tailed Hawk. Wash. Birds 5: 51--52. (Wash. Dept. Fish Wildl., 600 Capitol Way N., Olympia, WA 98501, USA.)---Haliaeetus leucocephalus reared Buteo jamaicensis in Washington; speculate prey item subsequently adopted.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{B704} Yamaguchi, Y. 1997. Intraspecific nest parasitism and anti-parasite behaviour in the Grey Starling Sturnus cineraceus. J. Ethol. 15: 61--68. (Wildl. Manage. Lab., For. & For. Products Res. Inst., P.O. Box 16, Tsukuba-Norin, Ibaraki 305, Japan.) {ROL #78}

{B704} Yamaguchi, Y., & T. Saitou. 1997. [Intraspecific nest parasitism in the Grey Starling, Sturnus cineraceus.] Ecol. Res. 12(2): 211--221. (Inst. Biol. Sci., Univ. Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305, Japan.)---Sixty-one of 290 nests contained at least one conspecific parasitic egg between 1992 and 1993. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---H.N. {ROL #78}

{B704} Yanes, M. J. Herranz, & F. Suarez. 1996. Facultative nest-parasitism among Iberian shrubsteppe passerines. Bird Study 43: 119--123. (Dept. Ecología, Fac. De Ciencias, Univ. Autónoma de Madrid, E-28049 Madrid, Spain.)---Calandrella brachydactyla, Galerida theklae, and Anthus campestris. {ROL #78}

{B704} Yoshida, Y. 1998. [Brood parasitism of the Japanese Accentor Prunella rubida by the Cuckoo Cuculus canorus on Mt. Fuji in Japan.] Strix 16: 163--166. (Tobechou 3-105-1, Nishi-Ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 220-0042, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B706} Boland, C. R. J. 1998. Helpers improve nest defence in co-operatively breeding White-winged Choughs. Emu 98: 320--324. (Evol. Ecol. Group, Div. Bot. & Zool., Aust. Natl. Univ., Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia.) {ROL #78}

{B706} Crease, A. J. 1992. Barn Owls and Jackdaws sharing the same site. Br. Birds 85: 378--379. (Roy. Scots Dragoon Guards, Lumsden Barracks, Fallingbostel BFPO 38, UK.)---Tyto alba and Corvus monedula. {ROL #78}

{B706} Dowell, A., & G. Shaw. 1992. Barn Owls and Tawny Owls nesting close together. Br. Birds 85: 379. (12 Glentrool Village, Newton Stewart, Wigtownshire DG8 6SY, UK.)---Tyto alba and Strix aluco. {ROL #78}

{B706} Hopkins, D. A., G. S. Mersereau, & A. C. Nordell. 1999. A third adult again assists at a Connecticut Bald Eagle nest. Connecticut Warbler 19: 26--27. (27 London Rd., Windsor, CT 06095, USA.)---Haliaeetus leucocephalus. {ROL #78}

{B706} Nocedal, J., & M. S. Ficken. 1998. Helpers in the Bridled Titmouse. Southwest. Nat. 43: 279--282. (Ctr. Regional Durango, Inst. de Ecol., Apdo. Postal 632, 34000 Durango, Dgo., Mexico.)---Baeolophus wollweberi. {ROL #78}

{B706} Otsuki, K. 1992. [An observation of fledgling feedings by a young Tree Sparrow Passer montanus.] Strix 11: 339--340. (Hikita-so No. 2, 8-21, Nishifunabashi 3, Funabashi-shi, Chiba 273, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B706} Restrepo, C., & M. L. Mondragon. 1998. Cooperative breeding in the frugivorous Toucan Barbet (Semnornis ramphastinus). Auk 115: 4--15. (Dept. Biol., Univ. New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA; EM: carlae@sevilleta.unm.edu)---Most pairs assisted by related helpers and benefitted with increased reproductive success.---A.D.F. {ROL #78}

{B706} Yamagami, N. 1992. [An observation of the Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos kizuki and their helper.] Strix 11: 336--338. (Shimo-ichida 2964, Takamori-cho, Nagano 399-31, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B708} Hersek, M. 1998. Observers observed: how we affect the birds we study. Bird Obs. (Massachusetts) 26: 172--176. (C/O BOEM, P.O. Box 236, Arlington, MA 02174, USA.)---Reviews literature on impact of researchers and recreational birders.---W.E.D. {ROL #78}

{B710} Applegate, T. J., D. Harper, & M. S. Lilburn. 1998. Effect of hen production age on egg composition and embryo development in commercial Pekin ducks. Poult. Sci. 77: 1608--1612. (MSL: Dept. Anim. Sci., Ohio State Univ., Ohio Agric. Res. Dev. Ctr., Wooster, OH 44691, USA.)---Eggs from older (42-week) Anas domesticus hens weighed less than those from younger (31-week) hens but yolk-free duckling weights were greater for the older hens.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{B710} Cucco, M., & G. Malacarne. 1996. Factors affecting egg mass in the Pallid Swift Apus pallidus. Bird Study 43: 314--319. (Dept. Sci. Advanced Technol., Via Cavour 84, 15100 Alessandria, Italy.) {ROL #78}

{B710} Downs, C. T., & D. Ward. 1997. Does shading behavior of incubating shorebirds in hot environments cool the eggs or the adults? Auk 114: 717--724. (Dept. Zool. Entomol., Univ. Natal, Private Bag X01, Scottsville 3209, South Africa; EM: downs@zoology.unp.ac.za)---In Vanellus coronatus, temperature of adult, but not egg, is lowered by shading; adult proceeds with incubation once it has cooled itself.---S.K.W. {ROL #78}

{B710} Hendricks, P. 1997. Geographical trends in clutch size: a range-wide relationship with laying date in American Pipits. Auk 114: 773--778. (Montana Nat. Heritage Prog., 909 Locust St., Missoula, MT 59802, USA; EM: phendriks@nris.mt.gov)---Egg laying begins earlier at higher latitudes for Anthus rubescens.---C.A.H. {ROL #78}

{B710} Reidy, T. R., J. L. Atkinson, & S. Leeson. 1998. Size and components of poult yolk sacs. Poult. Sci. 77: 639--643. (SL: Dept. Anim. Poult. Sci., Univ. Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada, N1G 2W1.)---Yolk sacs of domestic Meleagris gallopavo show fatty acid profile differences between strains; the domestic turkey and chicken (Gallus domesticus) may differ in their metabolism of various lipid fractions.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{B710} Reynolds, S. J. 1997. Uptake of ingested calcium during egg production in the Zebra Finch (Taeniopygia guttata). Auk 114: 562--569. (Edward Grey Inst. Field Ornithol., Dept. Zool., Univ. Oxford, S. Parks Rd., Oxford OX1 3PS, UK; EM: jim.reynolds@zoology.oxford.ac.uk)---Calcium ingestion is essential during egg laying; medullary-bone reserves are not sufficient and must be replaced daily.---A.A.W. {ROL #78}

{B710} St. Clair, C. C. 1998. What is the function of first eggs in crested penguins? Auk 115: 478--482. (Biol. Prog., Univ. North. British Columbia, 3333 Univ. Way, Prince George, BC V2N 4Z9, Can.; EM: stclairc@unbc.ca)---Experimental study found no support for hypothesis that small size of first eggs in Eudyptes serves to stimulate brood-patch formation and effective incubation behavior.---S.C.L. {ROL #78}

{B710} Weston, M. A., et al. 1998. Four-egg clutches in the Hooded Plover: description, occurrence and female investment. Aust. Bird Watcher 17: 383--389. (Dept. Zool., Univ. Melbourne, Parkville, Vic. 3052, Australia.)---Only 1.2% of nests of Thinornis rubricollis contained four eggs but ratio of modal clutch weight to female weight is less than in congeneric Thinornis novaeseelandiae.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{B710} Yahagi, E. 1994. [Incubation of deserted eggs by different pairs of tits.] Strix 13: 234--237. (Survey Div., Japanese Soc. Preserv. Birds, 2-5-5 Shinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160, Japan.)---Parus major, Parus varius. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B712} Conrad, K. F., R. J. Robertson, & P. T. Boag. 1998. Frequency of extrapair young increases in second broods of Eastern Phoebes. Auk 115: 497--502. (Dept. Biol. Sci., Univ. Durham, Durham DH1 3LE, UK; EM: k.f.conrad@durham.ac.uk)---Sayornis phoebe. {ROL #78}

{B712} Gissing, G. J., T. J. Crease, & L. A. Middleton. 1998. Extrapair paternity associated with renesting in the American Goldfinch. Auk 115: 230--234. (Div. Life Sci., Univ. Toronto, Scarborough Campus, 1265 Military Trail, Scarborough, ON M1C 1A4, Can.; EM: ggissing@msn.com)---Male Carduelis tristis are less effective at protecting paternity when first nesting attempt is disrupted.---A.A.W. {ROL #78}

{B712} Hunter, F. M., & L. S. Davis. 1998. Female Adélie Penguins acquire nest material from extrapair males after engaging in extrapair copulations. Auk 115: 526--528. (Dept. Zool., Downing St., Univ. Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK; EM: fiona@zoo.cam.ac.uk)---Pygoscelis adeliae. {ROL #78}

{B712} Narita, A. 1999. [Pair and extra-pair copulation in the Black-tailed Gull Larus crassirostris.] Strix 17: 101--110. (Aomori Prefectural Hachinohe Sch. for the Deaf, 6-29-24 Kashiwazaki, hachinohe-shi, Aomori 031-0081, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B712} Neil, V., & A. Hill. 1998. Mate guarding in the Magpie-lark. Corella 22: 80--86. (Dept. Biol. Sci. Psychol., Monash Univ., Clayton, Vic. 3168, Australia.)---Close mate-guarding near the nest-site during the fertile period was the prime paternity-guarding behaviour of male Grallina cyanoleuca.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{B712} Sears. J. 1992. Extra-pair copulation by breeding male Mute Swan. Br. Birds 85: 558--559. (RSPB, The Lodge, Sandy, Bedfordshire SG19 2DL, UK.)---Cygnus olor. {ROL #78}

{B712} Sodhi, N. S., & H. Nagata. 1996. Paternity assurance behaviour of the Japanese Reed Bunting Emberiza yessoensis. J. Ethol. 14: 145--149. (Lab. Wildl. Conserv., Nat. Inst. Environ. Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan.) {ROL #78}

{B712} Ueta, M., & T. Hirano. 1999. [Records of extra-pair copulation in Japanese Lesser Sparrowhawk.] Strix 17: 173--176. (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.)---Accipiter gularis. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B714} Goldizen, A. W., et al. 1998. "Wife-sharing" in the Tasmanian Native Hen (Gallinula mortierii): is it caused by a male-biased sex ratio? Auk 115: 528--532. (Dept. Zool., Univ. Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia; EM: agoldizen@zoology.uq.edu.au)---Mate sharing caused by shortage of high-quality territories.---A.D.F. {ROL #78}

{B714} Koike, S. 1992. [Intersexual relationship of a trigynous group of the Red-cheeked Myna Sturnus philippensis.] Strix 11: 151--156. (Niigata Sci. Mus., Meike 2010-15, Niigata-shi, Niigata 950, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B714} Parr, R. 1992. Sequential polyandry by Golden Plovers. Br. Birds 85: 309. (Inst. Terrestrial Ecol., Banchory, Kincardineshire AB3 4BY, UK.)---3 cases in color-banded population of Pluvialis apricaria.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{B714} Rabouam, C., J.-C. Thibault, & V. Bretagnolle. 1998. Natal philopatry and close inbreeding in Cory’s Shearwater (Calonectris diomedea). Auk 115: 483--486. (VB: Ctr. D’Études Biologiques Chizé, CNRS, F-79360 Villiers-en-Bois, France; EM: breta@cebc.cnrs.fr)---Dispersal and mating habits balance inbreeding.---A.D.F. {ROL #78}

{B716} Appleman, A. 1998. The impact of record rains during August 1998 on two Bush Stone-Curlew nest sites in Townsville [Australia]. Stilt 33: 39--40. (P.O. Box 211, Hyde Park, Qld. 4812, Australia.)---A good nest site allowed one pair of Burhinus grallarius to raise two young to fledging while nest of a second pair was destroyed by flood water.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{B716} Base, D. L. 1989. Brown Creeper nesting in nest box. Wash. Birds 1: 44. (Wash. Dept. Fish & Wildl., 600 Capitol Way N., Olympia, WA 98501, USA.)---None of 5 nestling Certhia americana found in nest box in Snohomish Co., Washington, survived to fledge.---J.B.B. {ROL #78}

{B716} Conner, R. N., et. al. 1997. Species using Red-cockaded Woodpecker cavities in eastern Texas. Bull. Texas Ornithol. Soc. 30: 11--16. (Wildl. Habitat & Silvicul. Lab., South. Res. Sta., U.S. For. Serv., Nacogdoches, TX 75962, USA.)---Picoides borealis cavities provide cavity habitat for 7 species of birds, 2 species of squirrels, skinks, frogs, spiders, moths, and numerous species of Hymenoptera.---J.B.O. {ROL #78}

{B716} Conner, R. N., et al. 1998. Red-cockaded Woodpecker nest-cavity selection: relationships with cavity age and resin production. Auk 115: 447--454. (Wildl. Habitat Silviculture Lab., South. Res. Stn., U.S. For. Serv., Nacogdoches, TX 75962, USA; EM: c_connerrn@titan.sfasu.edu)---Temporal changes in resin production affect Picoides borealis use.---A.D.F. {ROL #78}

{B716} Craves, J. A. 1998. Wood Thrush reuses nest. Michigan Birds Nat. Hist. 5: 60--61. (Univ. Mich.-Dearborn, Natural Areas Dept., Dearborn, MI 48128 USA.)---Hylocichla mustelina reused nest in 1994; both attempts with this nest failed.---J.A.C. {ROL #78}

{B716} Di Giacomo, A. G., & B. Lopez Lanus. 1998. [Notes on the nesting of 20 species of northwestern Argentina birds.] El Hornero 15(1): 29--38.---Details of little-known nests.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{B716} Fernandes d'Oliveira, G., & H. Rodriguez Moulin. 1997. [A nest of the Diademed Sandpiper-Plover (Phegornis mitchellii) from the Andes of Mendoza, Argentina.] El Hornero 14(4): 255--256. {ROL #78}

{B716} Fukui, K., G. Fujita, & H. Higuchi. 1994. [Use of nest-boxes by Ryukyu Robins and Varied Tits in Nakanoshima Island of the Tokara Islands, southern Japan.] Strix 13: 243--246. (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.)---Erithacus komadori, Parus varius. {ROL #78}

{B716} Hagelin, J. C., & G. D. Miller. 1997. Nest-site selection in South Polar Skuas: balancing nest safety and access to resources. Auk 114: 638--645. (Dept. Biol., Univ. New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA; EM: jhagelin@unm.edu)---Optimal Catharacta maccormicki nest placement balances proximity to Pygoscelis adeliae prey with distance from trampling and conspecific predation risks.---A.D.F. {ROL #78}

{B716} Hansell, M. H. 1995. The demand for feathers as building material by woodland nesting birds. Bird Study 42: 240--245. (Div. Environ. Evol. Biol., IBLS, Univ. Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Scotland, UK.)---Aegithalos caudatus. {ROL #78}

{B716} Iida, T. 1993. [Breeding record of Hoopoe in nest-box.] Strix 12: 227--230. (Funakoshiminami 2-19-26-328, Aki, Hiroshima-shi, Hiroshima 736, Japan.)---Upupa epops. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B716} Ikeda, Y., N. Horimoto, & K. Mazaki. 1994. [Grey-faced Buzzard-eagles nesting at an abandoned Hodgson's Hawk-eagle nest.] Strix 13: 230--233. (Funakoshiminami 2-19-26-328, Aki, Hiroshima-shi, Hiroshima 736, Japan.)---Butastur indicus, Spizaetus nipalensis. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B716} Imanishi, S. 1993. [First records of the Tree Sparrow Passer montanus breeding in the holes of a cliff in Japan.] Strix 12: 239--242. (Lab. Uramoto, Dept. Human Sci., Fac. Humanities, Wako Univ., Kanaichou 2160, Machida, Tokyo 195, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B716} Iwami, Y., S. Ikeda, & S. Yamazaki. 1998. [Black Kites nesting on a power pylon tower in southwestern Hokkaido, northern Japan.] Strix 16: 160--162. (United Graduate Sch. Agric. Sci., Iwate Univ., 2-11 Inada, Obihiro, Hokkaido 080, Japan.)---Milvus migrans. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B716} Janss, G. F. E. 1998. Nests of White Storks on electric utility towers. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 26: 274--278. (Cons. Superior de Invest. Cient., Estación Biol. de Doñana, Av. de María Luisa s/n, Pabellón del Perú, 41013 Sevilla, Spain.)---Ciconia ciconia. {ROL #78}

{B716} Kawamoto, M., C. Sawada, & H. Sumi. 1993. [An observation of Mandarin ducks nesting in holes of iron bridge piers.] Strix 12: 231--233. (Hijimachi 1-18 B34, Shinnanyou-shi, Yamaguchi 746, Japan.)---Aix galericulata. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B716} Kawamoto, M. 1992. [Attempted use of artificial nest hole by the Blue-and white Flycatcher Cyanoptila cyanomelana.] Strix 11: 333--335. (Hijimachi 1-18 B34, Shinnanyou-shi, Yamaguchi 746, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B716} Kobayashi, S., & T. Hironaka. 1992. [Nesting by the Green-backed Heron Butorides striatus on a TV-antenna.] Strix 11: 345--347. (948-24 Kuriyasakata, Tokuyama, Yamaguchi 745, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B716} Kobayashi, S., M. Kawamoto, & T. Hironaka. 1993. [Two nesting records of the Blue-and-white Flycatcher on artificial structures.] Strix 12: 234--238. (948-24 Kuriyasakata, Tokuyama, Yamaguchi 745, Japan.)---Cyanoptila cyanomelana. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B716} Kobayashi, S., O. Fukamachi, & K. Fujii. 1999. [A breeding record of Collared Scops Owl in a nest box.] Strix 17: 181--185. (948-24 Kuriya-sakata, Tokuyama-shi, Yamaguchi 745-0802, Japan.)---Otus bakkamoena. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B716} Kojima, Y. 1992. [Nest-site characteristics of cliff-nesting Common Buzzards Buteo buteo in Uonuma region, southeastern Niigata {Japan}.] Strix 11: 91--98. (Bato 2558-75, Bato-machi, Tochigi 324-06, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B716} Martinez G., O., & A. Martinez. 1991. Primer registro de nidificacion y observaciones ecoetologicas de Ferminia cerverai (Aves: Troglodytidae). [First report of nesting and ethological observations of Ferminia cerverai (Aves: Troglodytidae).] Biologia 5: 91--95. (Empresa Forestal Integral, Cienaga de Zapata, Cuba.)---Both sexes of Zapata Wren participate in nest construction.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{B716} McCracken, K. G., A. D. Afton, & R. T. Alisauskas. 1997. Nest morphology and body size of Ross’ Geese and Lesser Snow Geese. Auk 114: 610--618. (USGS/BRD, Louisiana Coop. Fish Wildl. Res. Unit, Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA; EM: kmccrac@unix1.sncc.lsu.edu)---Differences in nest morphology of Chen rossii and Chen caerulescens caerulescens are due to physiological differences; Chen rossii are smaller, have higher metabolic rates and lower incubation constancy.---A.A.W. {ROL #78}

{B716} Michael, J. H., Jr. 1992. Intertidal nest of Northern Rough-winged Swallow. Wash. Birds 2: 23--24. (Wash. Dept. Fish., P. O. Box 43154, Olympia, WA 98504, USA.)---Stelgidopteryx serripennis nested in pipe over salt water in Washington.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{B716} Michael, J. H., Jr. 1992. An unusual sideslope nest location for Dark-eyed Junco. Wash. Birds 2: 44--45. (Wash. Dept. Fish., P. O. Box 43154, Olympia, WA 98504, USA.)---Junco hyemalis nested in 1-m-high road cut in Washington.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{B716} Minegishi, N. 1993. [Appearance of preference for nest-box entrance diameters by Passer montanus in the presence of Parus sp.] Strix 12: 201--204. (Nishi-Ikebukuro 3, Toshima-ku, Tokyo 171, Japan.)---Passer montanus prefers nest-boxes with entrance holes about 30 mm in diameter. Parus sp. seem to be excluded from boxes with larger or smaller entrances than those chosen by Passer montanus. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{B716} Minegishi, N. 1994. [Difference of nest-box directions used by tit species and Tree Sparrows.] Strix 13: 173--177. (Nishi-Ikebukuro 3, Toshima-ku, Tokyo 171, Japan.)---Parus spp., Passer montanus. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B716} Minegishi, N. 1996. [Difference of nest-box use in relation to the height by tit species and Tree Sparrows.] Strix 14: 73--79. (Jap. Wild Bird Soc. Res. Ctr., 17--10 Nishi-Ikebukuro 3-chome, Toshima-ku, Tokyo 171, Japan.)---Passer montanus. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B716} Morimoto, S., & T. Iida. 1994. [Nest-site characteristics of the Mountain Hawk-Eagle in western Hiroshima {Japan}.] Strix 13: 179--190. (Kameyamaminami 1-12-19, Asakita, Hiroshima-shi, Hiroshima 731-2, Japan.)---Spizaetus nipalensis. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B716} Morone, L., L. del Vito & E. Petenatti. 1992. Nidificacion de cotorras (Myiopsitta monacha) sobre postes de lineas de transmision electrica en Argentina: implicaciones de manejo. [Nesting of Myiopsitta monachus on transmission line poles in Argentina: management implications.] Acta Zool. Mex. 52: 15--23. (Centro Regional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnologicasa. Casilla de correo 507, 5500 Mendoza, Argentina.)---Monk Parakeet considered an agricultural pest.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{B716} Ochoa, J. M., & A. Cuervo M. 1998. [Notes on the nesting of the Red-bellied Grackle (Hypopyrrhus pyrohypogaster) in the Municipio de Barbosa, Antioquia (Colombia).] Bol. SAO (Soc. Ornitol. Antioquia) 9: 61--68. (Depto. Biologia, Univ. Antioquia, Antioquia, Colombia.) (Spanish.) {ROL #78}

{B716} Ordano, M. 1998. Primera descripcion del nido del Pitajo Canela (Ochthoeca oenanthoides). Nuestras Aves 38: 10--11.---First description of nest of D’Orbigny’s Chat Tyrant.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{B716} Penhallurick, R. D. 1993. House Sparrows nesting in cliffs in Scilly. Br. Birds 86: 435--436. (10 Treseder’s Gardens, Truro, Cornwall TR1 1TR, UK.)---Passer domesticus apparently excavating nest holes.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{B716} Purcell, K. L., J. Verner, & L. W. Oring. 1997. A comparison of the breeding ecology of birds nesting in boxes and tree cavities. Auk 114: 646--656. (Pacific SW Res. Stn., 2081 E. Sierra Ave., Fresno, CA 93710, USA; EM: /s=k.purcell/ou1=s27102a@mhs-fswa.attmail.com)---Sialia mexicana, Baeolophus inornatus, and Troglodytes aedon gained advantages from nesting in boxes over natural cavities; Myiarchus cinerascens did not.---G.R.P. {ROL #78}

{B716} Rodriguez E., R., & A. Ortega Rubio. 1993. Nest site characteristics and reproductive success of Burrowing Owls (Strigiformes: Strigidae) in Durango Mexico. Rev. Biol. Trop. 41: 143--148. (Centro de Investigaciones Biol. de Baja California Sur, A. P. 128, La Paz 23000 B.C.S., Mexico.)---For Speotyto cunicularia, reproductive success was highly correlated with the presence of the Prosopis-Filaria grassland association. Burrow type, distance to the nearest adjacent nest, soil texture and number of perches were not associated with nesting success.---S.C. {ROL #78}

{B716} Smalley, A. E., et. al. 1991. Roof-nesting Gull-billed Terns in Louisiana and Texas. J. Louisiana Ornithol. 2(1): 18--20. (Dept. Biol., Tulane Univ., New Orleans, LA 70118, USA.)---Sterna nilotica. {ROL #78}

{B716} Stokes, D. L., & P. D. Boersma. 1998. Nest-site characteristics and reproductive success in Magellanic Penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus). Auk 115: 34--49. (Dept. Zool., Box 351800, Univ. Washington, Seattle, WA 98185, USA; EM: dstokes@u.washington.edu)---Large yearly variation in success; nest cover positively correlated with fledging success.---C.A.H. {ROL #78}

{B716} Stones, A. J. 1997. Nest site of Moluccan Hanging Parrot in the wild. Kukila 9: 60. (32 Hill St., Norwich, Norfolk NR2 2DT, UK.)---Loriculus amabilis. {ROL #78}

{B716} Sugiyama, Y., & T. Akatsuka. 1999. [Struggles for a nest cavity of Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos kizuki at a city park in Nagoya {Japan}.] Strix 17: 165--172. (409 Sanhaitsu Higashiyama, 1-5-1 Nekogahora-dori, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-0032, Japan.)---Two nests were attacked by an intruding pair. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{B716} Summers, R. W., & W. G. Taylor. 1996. Use by tits of nest boxes of different designs in pinewoods. Bird Study 43: 138--141. (RSPB, Etive House, Beechwood Pk., Inverness IV2 3BW, UK.) {ROL #78}

{B716} Takagi, M., & M. Takahashi. 1997. [Three passerine birds bred in the nests of Black Kites.] Strix 15: 127--129. (Lab. Biol., Rikkyo Univ., Nishi-ikebukuro 3, Toshima-ku, Tokyo 171, Japan.)---Passer montanus, Passer rutilans, and Motacilla alba bred in the nests of Milvus migrans. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{B716} Takagi, M., & M. Ueda. 1998. [Tree nesting by Ogasawara Buzzards on Chichijima, in the Bonin Islands {Japan}.] Jap. J. Ornithol. 46: 175--176. (Lab. Anim. Ecol., Fac. Sci. Rikkyo Univ., 3-34-1 Nishi-Ikebukuro, Toshima-ku, Tokyo 171, Japan)----Buteo buteo toyoshimae. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B716} Takeshita, M. 1993. [Bridge nest-sites of the House Martin Delichon urbica in western Hyogo Prefecture, Japan.] Strix 12: 189--191. (3-13-11 Dairitonoue Moji-ku, Kitakyushu-shi, Fukuoka 800, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B716} Trodd, P. 1993. Hobbies nesting on pylon. Br. Birds 86: 625. (17 Northall Rd., Eaton Bray, Bedfordshire LU6 2DQ, UK.)---Falco subbuteo. {ROL #78}

{B716} Ueda, K. 1996. [Nest-site preference and coloniality in the Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis.] Strix 14: 55--63. (Lab. Biol., Rikkyo Univ., Nishi-ikebukuro 3, Toshima-ku, Tokyo 171, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B716} Voeles, G. A. 1992. Unusual nest sites of Dartford Warbler. Br. Birds 85: 672--673. (Vale Bom, Odelouca 8300 Silves, Portugal.)---One nest of Sylvia undata was 4 m above ground in Pinus pinea.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{B716} Wakeling, B. F., S. S. Rosenstock, & H. G. Shaw. 1998. Forest stand characteristics of successful and unsuccessful Merriam's Turkey nest sites in north-central Arizona. Southwest. Nat. 43: 242--248. (Ariz. Game & Fish Dept., 2221 W. Greenway Rd., Phoenix, AZ 85023, USA.)---Successful Meleagris gallopavo merriami nests associated with large diameter ponderosa pine trees, greater conifer density, more than 20 years since silviculture treatment, and less deciduous vegetation.---J.J.D. {ROL #78}

{B716} Wakisaka, H. 1998. [Breeding record of a pair of kingfishers in the holes of a retaining wall.] Strix 16: 156--159. (Hosizaki Green Found., Yamakata 271-13, Kisuki-cho, Ohara-gun, Simane 699-13, Japan.)---Alcedo atthis. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B716} Watson, J., & R. H. Dennis. 1992. Nest-site selection by Golden Eagles in Scotland. Br. Birds 85: 469--481. (Sct. Nat. Heritage, 9 Culduthel Rd., Inverness IV2 4AG, Scotland, UK.)---Aquila chrysaetos. {ROL #78}

{B716} Yahagi, E. 1993. [Frequency of nest-box use by tits Paridae in Hakone {Japan}.] Strix 12: 193--199. (Japanese Soc. Preserv. Birds, Benten-cho 1, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162, Japan.)---Parus varius, Parus major, Parus ater. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B716} Zwartjes, P. W., & S. E. Nordell. 1998. Patterns of cavity-entrance orientation by Gilded Flickers (Colaptes chrysoides) in cardón cactus. Auk 115: 119--126. (Dept. Biol. Sci., Humboldt State Univ., Arcata, CA 95521, USA; EM: zwartjes@humboldt1.com)---Most cavities oriented north-northwest and away from main cactus structure.---C.A.H. {ROL #78}

{B718} Anthonisen, K., C. Krokene, & J. T. Lifjeld. 1997. Brood division is associated with fledgling dispersion in the Bluethroat (Luscinia s. svecica). Auk 114: 553--561. (JTL: Zool. Mus., Univ. Oslo, Sars gate 1, N-0562 Oslo, Norway; EM: j.t.lifjeld@toyen.uio.no)---Spatial rather than biological factors affect division of parental care.---A.D.F. {ROL #78}

{B718} Blanken, M. S., & E. Nol. 1998. Factors affecting parental behavior in Semipalmated Plovers. Auk 115: 166--174. (EN: Biol. Dept., Trent Univ., Peterborough, ON K9J 7B8, Can.; EM: enol@trentu.ca)---Coastal habitats of Charadrius semipalmatus had higher visibility and more food than inland habitats, but parental time budgets and adult response to predators did not differ by habitat.---M.A.L. {ROL #78}

{B718} Cadiou, B., & J.-Y. Monnat. 1996. Parental attendance and squatting in the Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla during the rearing period. Bird Study 43: 164--171. (Lab. de Biol. Marine, URA 1513, Fac. des Sci., BP 452, 29275 Brest cedex, France.) {ROL #78}

{B718} Clark, S. M. 1999. Preliminary report on the feeding of fledglings in a multi-family flock of the Hawaiian `Akepa (Loxops coccineus coccineus). Elepaio 59: 22. (No address given.)---Single fledgling solicited food from a single adult female.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{B718} Dabb, G. 1998. Dusky Woodswallows: feeding of juvenile with bill malformation by another juvenile. Aust. Bird Watcher 17: 349--352. (24 Brockman St., Narrabundah, ACT 2604, Australia.)---Non-parental feeding of young birds may develop early in life of co-operatively breeding Artamus cyanopterus.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{B718} Emmerson, S. 1999. Female Red-chested Button-quail tending chicks. Aust. Bird Watcher 18: 45. (57 Benn St., Cairns, Qld. 4870, Australia.)---Turnix pyrrhothorax showed decoy behaviour although male normally provides parental care.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{B718} Lengyel, S., J. A. Robinson, & L. W. Oring. 1998. Chick recognition in American Avocets: a chick-exchange study. Auk 115: 490--494. (Behav. Ecol. Res. Group, Dept. Evol. Zool. Human Biol., Kossuth Univ., Debrecen, Egyetem tér 1. 4010, Hungary; EM: szabolcs@med.unr.edu)---In Recurvirostra americana, parental recognition of chicks is less developed with younger chicks and more developed with older ones.---A.D.F. {ROL #78}

{B718} Leonard, M. L., N. Fernandez, & G. Brown. 1997. Parental calls and nestling behavior in Tree Swallows. Auk 114: 668--672. (Dept. Biol., Dalhousie Univ., Halifax, NS B3H 4J1, Can.; EM: mleonard@is.dal.ca)---Tachycineta bicolor parental calls serve to stimulate nestling begging and coordinate parental movement into and out of nest hole.---A.A.W. {ROL #78}

{B718} Moreno, J., J. A. Amat, J. J. Sanz, & L. M. Carrascal. 1998. Determinants of feeding chases in the Chinstrap Penguin Pygoscelis antarctica. Emu 98: 192--196. (JJS: Estacion Biol. De Doñana, C.S.I.C., Apartado 1056, E-41080 Seville, Spain.)---"Feeding chases" (feeding interactions where running parents are closely followed by chicks) may be initiated by parents as a behavior tending to separate two competing chicks in order to allow them to be fed more efficiently.---W.K.S. {ROL #78}

{B718} Olsen, P., V. Doyle, & M. Boulet. 1998. Variation in male provisioning in relation to brood size of Peregrine Falcons Falco peregrinus. Emu 98: 297--304. (Evol. Ecol. Group, Div. Bot. & Zool., Aust. Natl. Univ., Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia.) {ROL #78}

{B718} Powell, L. A., R. L. Rangen, & J. D. Lang. 1996. Wood Thrush nestlings fed fruit by single parent. Oriole 61: 1--3. (Inst. Ecol., Univ. Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA.)---Female Hylocichla mustelina fed mostly Prunus serotina to nestlings on Piedmont NWR, Georgia; since fruit is uncommonly fed to nestlings, this female may have switched to more easily found food after the death of her mate.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{B718} Ragusa-Neto, J. 1998. Wetting the nestlings: a possible kind of parental care in Donacobius atricapillus (Passeriformes: Troglodytidae). Ararajuba, Rev. Bras. Ornitol. 6: 52--53. {ROL #78}

{B718} Reynolds, S. J., & M. D. C. Hinge. 1996. Foods brought to the nest by breeding Kingfishers Alcedo atthis in the New Forest of southern England. Bird Study 43: 96--102. (Dept. Biol., Univ. Southampton, Sch. Biol. Sci., Bassett Cres. East, Southampton, Hampshire S09 3TU, UK.)---Size of prey is main factor determining selection; Phoxinus phoxinus, Cottus gobio, and Salmo trutta between 40--70 mm are favored.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{B718} Roby, D. R., J. R. E. Taylor, & A. R. Place. 1997. Significance of stomach oil for reproduction in seabirds: an interspecies cross-fostering experiment. Auk 114: 725--736. (Oregon Coop. Wildl. Res. Unit, Dept. Fish. Wildl., 104 Nash Hall, Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR 97331, USA; EM: robyd@ccmail.orst.edu)---For Pachyptila desolata, stomach oil provides essential dietary energy supplement; it allows breeding seabirds to reduce mass and frequency of feeding nestlings.---A.A.W. {ROL #78}

{B718} Schadd, C. A., & G. Ritchison. 1998. Provisioning of nestlings by male and female Yellow-breasted Chats. Wilson Bull. 110: 398--402. (GR: Dept. Biol. Sci., East. Kentucky Univ., Richmond, KY 40475, USA)---Male and female Icteria virens feed nestlings at similar rates. Adult provisioning rates and load sizes are unaffected by brood size or nestling age.---J.J.Dos. {ROL #78}

{B718} Shealer, D. A. 1998. Size-selective predation by a specialist forager, the Roseate Tern. Auk 115: 519--525. (Dept. Biol., Colgate Univ., Hamilton, NY 13346, USA; EM: dshealer@mail.colgate.edu)---Sterna dougallii; smaller prey selected for feeding of small chicks, larger prey for larger chicks and adults.---A.D.F. {ROL #78}

{B718} Slagsvold, T. 1997. Is there a sexual conflict over hatching asynchrony in American Robins? Auk 114: 593--600. (Dept. Biol., Univ. Oslo, P. O. Box 1050, Blindern, N-0316 Oslo, Norway; EM: tore.slagsvold@bio.uio.no)---Male Turdus migratorius provisioned asynchronous clutches at lower rates than did females; males did not reduce provisioning of smallest young in brood.---G.R.P. {ROL #78}

{B718} Wyllie, I., & M. Tibbles. 1992. Male Sparrowhawk rearing half-grown young single-handed. Br. Birds 85: 133--134. (Monks Wood Exp. Stn., Abbots Ripton, Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire PE17 2LS, UK.)---Accipiter nisus. {ROL #78}

{B720} Boersma, P. D., & J. K. Parrish. 1998. Flexible growth rates in Fork-tailed Storm-petrels: a response to environmental variability. Auk 115: 67--75. (Dept. Zool., Box 351800, Univ. Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA; EM: boersma@u.washington.edu)---Two-fold variation in growth rates by Oceanodroma furcata, both within and among years, attributed to changes in food quantity and quality.---S.C.L. {ROL #78}

{B720} Choi, I., & R. E. Ricklefs. 1997. Changes in protein and electrolyte concentrations in the pectoral and leg muscles during avian development. Auk 114: 688--694. (Dept. Life Sci., Yonsei Univ., Kangwondo, Wonju-shi, Republic of Korea #222-710; EM: ichoi@dragon.yonsei.ac.kr)---Chemical and functional maturation may compete for energy and nutrients; while precocial chicks achieve chemical maturity early, functional maturity is achieved much more slowly. The opposite is true for altricial chicks.---A.A.W. {ROL #78}

{B720} Ferrer, M. 1994. Nutritional condition of Spanish Imperial Eagle nestlings Aquila adalberti. Bird Study 41: 120--123. (Estación Biológica de Doñana, CISA, Avenida María Luisa, Pabellón del Perú, 41013 Sevilla, Spain.)---Adalbert’s Eagle. {ROL #78}

{B720} Fujii, T. 1992. [Fledging of the Hoopoe Upupa epops in Oshanai Toyomane, Iwate {Japan} and the death of nestlings.] Strix 11: 341--342. (1-14 Oosawa Yamada Town, Shimoheigun, Iwate 028-13, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B720} Thomson, D. L. 1994. Growth and development in Dotterel Chicks Charadrius morinellus. Bird Study 41: 61--67. (Appl. Ornithol. Unit, Zool. Dept., Glasgow Univ., G12 8QQ, UK.) {ROL #78}

{B900} Finch, D. M. 1991. Population ecology, habitat requirements, and conservation of neotropical migratory birds. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-205. (Order from Rocky Mtn. Forest & Range Exp. Stn.: 3825 E. Mulberry St., Fort Collins, CO 80524, USA.)---Summarizes information on population trends, and on factors affecting numbers on breeding and wintering grounds. Discusses use of Forest Service lands for research, monitoring, and conservation.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B900} Higuchi, H., & J. Minton, (Eds). 1994. The future of cranes and wetlands. (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.)---25 papers about cranes and wetlands.---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{B900} Lawton, J. H. 1996. Population abundances, geographic ranges and conservation: 1994 Witherby Lecture. Bird Study 43: 3--9. (NERC Ctr. Popul. Biol., Imperial Coll., Silwood Pk., Ascot SL5 7PY, UK.) {ROL #78}

{B900} Ohsako, Y. 1994. Analysis of crane population change, habitat selection and human disturbance in Japan. Pp. 107--113. in The future of cranes and wetlands (H. Higuchi & J. Minton, eds.). (Fukui Nat. Conserv. Ctr., Minamirakuroshi 169-11-2, Ono-shi, Fukui 912-01, Japan.)---Grus vipio, Grus monacha. {ROL #78}

{B900} Olsen, P. 1998. Australia’s raptors: diurnal birds of prey and owls. Birds Aust. Conserv. Statement 2: 1--16. (Aust. Natl. Univ., Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia.) {ROL #78}

{B904} Amami Ornithologists' Club. 1997. [A population estimate of the endangered Amami Thrush made by counting singing birds.] Strix 15: 117--121. (c/o K. Ishida, Univ. For., Univ. Tokyo, Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113, Japan.)---Zoothera dauma amami. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B904} Anschultz, S. 1997. Whooping Crane sightings, August 1997--January 1998. Nebraska Bird Rev. 65: 146--147. (USFWS, 203 W. Second St., Grand Island, NE 68801, USA.)---Grus americana. {ROL #78}

{B904} Baines, D., & P. J. Hudson. 1995. The decline of Black Grouse in Scotland and northern England. Bird Study 42: 122--131. (Upland Res. Group, Game Conserv. Trust, Crubenmore Lodge, Newtonmore, Grampion PH20 1BE, UK.)---Tetrao tetrix shot have decreased 90-93% since 1900. Lek counts of males confirm decline. {ROL #78}

{B904} Baker-Gabb, D. J. 1998. Native grasslands and the Plains-wanderer. Birds Aust. Conserv. Statement 1: 1--8. (Birds Aust., 415 Riversdale Rd., Hawthorn East, Vic. 3123, Australia.)---Pedionomus torquatus. {ROL #78}

{B904} Braden, G. T., R. L. McKernan, & S. M. Powell. 1997. Association of within-territory vegetation characteristics and fitness components of California Gnatcatchers. Auk 114: 601--609. (San Bernardino Co. Mus., 2024 Orange Tree Ln., Redlands, CA 92374, USA; EM: gbraden@co.san-bernardino.ca.us)---Within-territory vegetation characteristics associated with adult survival and finite rate of population increase in Polioptila californica californica.---A.A.W. {ROL #78}

{B904} Brush, T. 1998. Rare, local, little known, and declining North American breeders. A closer look: Altamira Oriole. Birding 30: 46--53. (Dept. Biol., Univ. Texas-Pan American, 1201 W. University Dr., Edinburg, TX 78539, USA.)---Distribution and status, life history and conservation and research needs for Icterus gularis.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{B904} Burbidge, A. 1998. Possible effects of recent fires on Western Ground Parrots. Eclectus 4: 15--16. (Wildl. Res. Ctr., CALM, P.O. Box 51, Wanneroo, WA 6065, Australia.)---Pezoporus wallicus flaviventris in Fitzgerald River Natl. Pk.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{B904} Dark, S. J., R. J. Gutierrez, & G. I. Gould, Jr. 1998. The Barred Owl (Strix varia) invasion in California. Auk 115: 50--56. (RJG: Dept. Wildl., Humboldt State Univ., Arcata, CA 95521, USA; EM: rjg4@axe.humboldt.edu)---Strix varia population in California appears to be increasing since first sighted in 1981, which could adversely affect endangered Strix occidentalis.---M.A.L. {ROL #78}

{B904} Finch, D. M. 1992. Threatened, endangered, and vulnerable species of terrestrial vertebrates in the Rocky Mountain Region. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-215. (Order from Rocky Mtn. Forest & Range Exp. Stn.: 3825 E. Mulberry St., Fort Collins, CO 80524, USA.)---Considers current status of many bird species, among other taxa.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B904} Granizo, T., et al. 1997. Lista de Aves Amenazadas de Extinción en el Ecuador. [Endangered species list for Ecuador.] UICN-Sur, CECIA, INEFAN, EcoCiencia & BirdLife International. Quito. (Obtainable through CECIA, POB 17-17-906, Quito, Ecuador.) {ROL #78}

{B904} Green, R. E. 1996. The status of the Golden Eagle in Britain in 1992. Bird Study 43: 20--27. (RSPB, 17 Regent Terrace, Edinburgh EH7 5BN, UK.)---422 pairs located; 0.5% fewer than in 1982--83.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{B904} Green, R. E. 1995. The decline of the Corncrake Crex crex in Britain continues. Bird Study 42: 66--75. (RSPB, 17 Regent Terr., Edinburgh EH7 5BN, Scotland, UK.)---480 singing males, 92% in Hebridean Isles.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{B904} Haas, C. A., & R. C. Titus. 1998. Bachman's Sparrow nest and census at Fort Pickett, Blackstone, Virginia. Raven 69: 72--75. (Dept. Fish. Wildl. Sci., VPI&SU, Blacksburg, VA 24061-0321, USA.)---9 singing Aimophila aestivalis found at 7 sites in 1997; nest/5 eggs found 27 June.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{B904} Hagelin, J. C. 1998. Rare, local, little known, and declining North American breeders. A closer look: Montezuma Quail. Birding 30: 406--414. (Dept. Biol., Univ. New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA.)---Distribution, status, life history and conservation and research needs for Cyrtonyx montezumae.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{B904} Hayward, G. D. 1994. Review of technical knowledge: Boreal Owls. USDA, For. Serv. RM-GTR-253: 92--127. (USDA For. Serv., Rocky Mtn. For. & Range Exp. Stn., Laramie, WY 82070, USA.)---Reviews published literature on systematics, breeding biology, ecology, etc. for Aegolius funereus.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B904} Hayward, G. D. 1994. Conservation status of Boreal Owls in the United States. USDA, For. Serv. RM-GTR-253: 139--147. (USDA For. Serv., Rocky Mtn. For. & Range Exp. Stn., Laramie, WY 82070, USA.)---Reviews information on habitat and territoriality of Aegolius funereus and assesses status of present and future U.S. populations.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B904} Hayward, G. D. 1994. Conservation status of Great Gray Owls in the United States. USDA, For. Serv. RM-GTR-253: 202--206. (USDA For. Serv., Rocky Mtn. For. & Range Exp. Stn., Laramie, WY 82070, USA.)---Reviews information on habitat and territoriality of Strix nebulosa and assesses status of present and future U.S. populations.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B904} Hayward, G. D., & J. Verner (Eds.). 1994. Flammulated, Boreal, and Great Gray Owls in the United States: A technical conservation assessment. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-253. (Order from Rocky Mtn. For. & Range Exp. Stn.: 3825 E. Mulberry St., Fort Collins, CO 80524, USA.)---17 papers relevant to the behavior, habitat, and/or management needs of 3 "sensitive" owl species, Otus flammeolus, Aegolius funereus, and Strix nebulosa.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B904} Hill, F. A. R., & A. Lill. 1998. Density and total population estimates for the threatened Christmas Island Hawk-Owl Ninox natalis. Emu 98: 209--220. (Birds Australia, 415 Riversdale Rd., Hawthorn E., Vic. 3123, Australia.) {ROL #78}

{B904} Hughes, J. M. 1999. Rare, local, little known, and declining North American breeders. A closer look: Mangrove Cuckoo. Birding 31: 22--27. (Centre Biodiv. Cons. Biol., Royal Ontario Mus., 100 Queens Park Crescent, Toronto, ON M5S 2C6, Can.)---Distribution, biology, conservation and research needs for Coccyzus minor.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{B904} Jones, S. L., M. T. Green, & G. R. Guepel. 1998. Rare, local, little known, and declining North American breeders. A closer look. Baird's Sparrow. Birding 30: 46--53. (P.O. Box 25486, D.F.C., Denver, CO 80225, USA.)---Distribution, distribution, migration, breeding biology and habitat, population trends and conservation needs for Ammodramus bairdii.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{B904} Kobayashi, Y., Y. Yamamoto, & J. T. Moyer. 1997. [Status of Japanese Murrelets Synthliboramphus wumizusume at Oonohara-jima, Miyake-jima, central Japan.] Strix 15: 109--115. (Miyake Nat. Ctr., Akakokko Station, Wild Bird Soc. Japan, Tsubota 4188, Miyake-mura, Miyake-jima, Tokyo 100-12, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B904} McCallum, D. A. 1994. Conservation status of Flammulated Owls in the United States. USDA, For. Serv. RM-GTR-253: 74--79. (Dept. Biol., Coll. Charleston, Charleston, SC 29424, USA.)---Reviews information on habitat and territoriality of Otus flammeolus and assesses status of present and future U.S. populations.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B904} McCallum, D. A. 1994. Review of technical knowledge: Flammulated Owls. USDA, For. Serv. RM-GTR-253: 14--46. (Dept. Biol., Coll. Charleston, Charleston, SC 29424, USA.)---Reviews published literature on systematics, breeding biology, ecology, etc. for Otus flammeolus.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B904} Mochizuki, H., & M. Ueta. 1996. [Decrease of Japanese Murrelets in Izu Islands, central Japan.] Strix 14: 173--176. (MU: Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.)---Synthliboramphus wumizusume. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B904} Morris, A., et al. 1994. The status and distribution of Nightjars Caprimulgus europaeus in Britain in 1992. A report to the British Trust for Ornithology. Bird Study 41: 181--191. (RSPB, The Lodge, Sandy, Bedfordshire SG19 2DL, UK.)---3093 churring males, 50% increase since 1981.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{B904} Ornelas, J. F. 1998. Filogenias y metodo comparativo: identificacion y evaluacion de hipotesis evolutivas y establecimiento de criterios para conservar especies en riesgo. [Phylogenies and the comparative method: test of evolutionary hypothesis and criteria for endangered species.] Acta Zool. Mex. (n.s.) 74: 5--42. (Depto. de Ecologia y Comportamiento Animal, Instituto de Ecologia, A.C., Apdo. Postal 63, C.P. 91000, Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico, email: ornelasj@ecologia.edu.mx) {ROL #78}

{B904} Paton, P. W. C. 1999. Rare, local, little known, and declining North American breeders. A closer look. Snowy Plover. Birding 31: 238--244. (Dept. Nat. Resour. Sci., Univ. Rhode Island, RI 02881, USA; EM: ppaton@uri.edu)---Distribution, current status, life history and habitats and conservation measures used to preserve Charadrius alexandrinus.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{B904} Senner, S. E. 1999. Rare, local, little known, and declining North American breeders. A closer look: Surfbird. Birding 31: 306--312. (P.O. Box 102264, Anchorage, AK 99510, USA.)---Distribution, status, life history, conservation and research needed for Aphriza virgata.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{B904} Soehren, E. C. 1998. Results of two recent surveys for American Swallow-tailed Kites (Elanoides forficatus forficatus) along the Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers. Alabama Birdlife 44(1): 1--7. (Dept. Conserv. & Nat. Resour., State Lands Div., Nat. Heritage Section, 64 N. Union St., Montgomery, AL 36130, USA.)---43 individuals seen during river surveys by air (734 km) and by boat (174 km).---J.B.O. {ROL #78}

{B904} Stones, A. J., P. J. Davidson, & Wahyu Raharjaningtrah. 1997. Notes on the observation of a Taliabu Masked Owl Tyto nigrobrunnea on Taliabu Island [Maluku, Indonesia]. Kukila 9: 58--59. (32 Hill St., Norwich, Norfolk NR2 2DT, UK.) {ROL #78}

{B904} Sykes, P. W., Jr. 1997. Rare, local, little known, and declining North American breeders. A closer look. Kirtland's Warbler. Birding 29: 220--221. (BRD, USGS, Patuxent Wildl. Res. Center, Wardell Sch. For. Resour., Univ. Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-2152, USA.)---Present status and distribution, habitat, life history and conservation and research needs for Dendroica kirtlandii.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{B904} Takagi, M., & H. Higuchi. 1992. [Habitat preference of the Izu Islands Thrush Turdus celaenops and the effect of weasel introduction on the population of the thrush on Miyake Island {Japan}.] Strix 11: 47--57. (Lab. Biol., Rikkyo, Univ., Ikebukuro, Tokyo 171, Japan.)---Thrush numbers decreased after introduction of Mustela sibirica. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{B904} Takashi, M., K. Kawaguchi, & K. Ishida. 1999. [Morphological comparison of living Zoothera (dauma) major and Z. d. aurea and a recommendation on the conservation of Z. (d.) major.] Strix 17: 191--196. (Univ. For., Univ. Tokyo, Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0032, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B904} Titus, R. C., et al. 1998. Distribution of three threatened grassland bird species in Virginia: 1997 census of recently occupied sites. Raven 69: 63--71. (Dept. Fish. Wildl. Sci., VPI&SU, Blacksburg, VA 24061-0321, USA.)---43, 62, and 101 sites checked for Bartramia longicauda, Aimophila aestivalis, and Ammodramus henslowii. Two sandpipers found at Daphna, Rockingham Co. and 8 at Remington, Fauquier Co. 10 Bachman's Sparrows found near Blackstone in Nottoway and Dinwiddie counties, and 3 others reported from Brunwick Co. Henslow's Sparrows were unrecorded by the authors but were reported from one site in Pulaski Co.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{B904} Toba, E. 1994. [Decrease of the nest of Little Tern Sterna albifrons along the Sai and the Chikuma Rivers in the Nagano Basin {Japan}, and the protection of colonies.] Strix 13: 93--101. (2771 Minamihotaka, Toyoshinamachi, Minamiazumigun, Nagano 399-82, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B904} Vuilleumier, F. 1994. Status of the Ruddy-headed Goose Chloephaga rubidiceps (Aves, Anatidae): a species in serious danger of extinction in Fuego-Patagonia. Rev. Chilena Hist. Nat. 67: 341--349. (Dept. Ornithol., Am. Mus. Nat. Hist, Central Park West at 79th Street New York, NY 10024, USA.)---75 individuals were recorded in 35 days.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{B904} Watts, B. D., et al. 1998. A survey of Bachman's Sparrow in southeastern Virginia. Raven 69: 9--14. (Center Conserv. Biol., Coll. William & Mary, Williamsburg, VA 23187-8795, USA.)---Singing male Aimophila aestivalis found at four localities in Sussex, Greenville, and Brunswick counties during an intensive survey of these plus Dinwiddie and Southampton counties in 1996. Only 6 singing males were found, suggesting a further decline from numbers in 1989--1991.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{B904} Westemeier, R. L., et al. 1998. Tracking the long-term decline and recovery of an isolated population. Science 282: 1695--1698. (Illinois Nat. Hist. Survey, Effingham, IL 62401, USA; EM for J. D. Brawn: j-brawn@uiuc.edu)---Tympanuchus cupido pinnatus; genetic variability and environmental factors related to fitness during a natural decline and experimental increase in population size.---M.J.J. {ROL #78}

{B904} Witt, C. C., & F. H. Sheldon. 1994. A review of the status and distribution of the Bornean Bristlehead. Kukila 7: 54--67. (FHS: Mus. Nat. Sci., 119 Foster Hall, Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA.)---All documented records of Pityriasis gymnocephala compiled to give data on life-history and distribution of this relict cracticid [artamid]. Highly social and widespread in forests below 1000 m, but rarely encountered.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{B904} Witt, C. C., & F. H. Sheldon. 1994. The status of Abbott's Babbler in Borneo. Kukila 7: 47--53. (FHS: Mus. Nat. Sci., 119 Foster Hall, Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA.)---Trichastoma abbotti is rare on Borneo but common in most of its range. Only 21 records located on Borneo; reason for rarity unknown.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{B906} Azevedo, S. M. de, Jr., M. E. de Larrazabal. 1997. Uma proposta de legislacao para a conservacao das aves limicolas na Coroa do Aviao, Pernambuco, Brasil. [A proposal for legislation for the conservation of shorebirds at Coroa do Aviao, Pernambuco, Brazil.] Ararajuba, Rev. Bras. Ornitol. 5: 63--65. (Univ. Fed. Rural Pernambuco, Depto. Zool., Av. Prof. Moraes Rego 1235, Cid. Univ. 50670-420, Recife- PE- Brasil.) {ROL #78}

{B906} Brown, A. F., R. A. Stillman, & D. W. Gibbons. 1995. Use of breeding bird atlas data to identify important bird areas: a Northern England case study. Bird Study 42: 132--143. (Joint Nature Conserv. Com., Monkstone House, City Rd., Peterborough PE1 1JY, UK.)---Provides method for evaluating relative importance of different parts of extensive geographical areas for birds.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{B906} Collar, N. J. 1998. Information and ignorance concerning the world's parrots: an index for twenty-first century research and conservation. Papageienkunde 2: 201--235. (collar@birdlife.org.uk) {ROL #78}

{B906} Hayward, G. D. 1994. Approach: the Flammulated, Boreal, and Great Gray Owl assessments. USDA, For. Serv. RM-GTR-253: 2--4. (USDA For. Serv., Rocky Mtn. For. & Range Exp. Stn., Laramie, WY 82070, USA.)---Goals, scope, scientific standards, and limitations of assessment process for Aegolius funereus, Otus flammeolus, and Strix nebulosa.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B906} Hayward, G. D. 1994. Information needs: Boreal Owls. USDA, For. Serv. RM-GTR-253: 148--154. (USDA For. Serv., Rocky Mtn. For. & Range Exp. Stn., Laramie, WY 82070, USA.)---Assesses adequacy for formulating conservation strategy and approaches to obtain needed data on Aegolius funereus.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B906} Hayward, G. D. 1994. Information needs: Great Gray Owls. USDA, For. Serv. RM-GTR-253: 207--214. (USDA For. Serv., Rocky Mtn. For. & Range Exp. Stn., Laramie, WY 82070, USA.)---Assesses adequacy for formulating conservation strategy for Strix nebulosa. Since the species is not threatened, needed information might be obtained by testing management guidelines.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B906} McCallum, D. A. 1994. Information needs: Flammulated Owls. USDA, For. Serv. RM-GTR-253: 80--87. (Dept. Biol., Coll. Charleston, Charleston, SC 29424, USA.)---Assesses adequacy of existing knowledge for conservation strategy, and gaps in knowledge of sites for Otus flammeolus. Proposes a unified plan of research and monitoring for the species.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B906} Verner, J. 1994. Current management situation: Flammulated Owls. USDA, For. Serv. RM-GTR-253: 10--13. (USDA For. Serv., Rocky Mtn. Region, Lakewood, CO 80225, USA.)---Reviews distribution and management strategies for Otus flammeolus, based on published literature and surveys by U.S. Forest Service personnel.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B906} Verner, J. 1994. Current management situation: Boreal Owls. USDA, For. Serv. RM-GTR-253: 88--91. (USDA For. Serv., Rocky Mtn. Region, Lakewood, CO 80225, USA.)---Reviews distribution and management strategies for Aegolius funereus, based on published literature and surveys by U.S. Forest Service personnel.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B906} Verner, J. 1994. Current management situation: Great Gray Owls. USDA, For. Serv. RM-GTR-253: 155--158. (USDA For. Serv., Rocky Mtn. Region, Lakewood, CO 80225, USA.)---Reviews distribution and management strategies for Strix nebulosa, based on published literature and surveys by U.S. Forest Service personnel.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B906} Young, L. 1994. Conservation activities at the Mai Po marshes wildlife education center and nature reserve, Hong Kong. Pp. 166--175. in The future of cranes and wetlands (H. Higuchi & J. Minton, eds.). (WWF Hong Kong, G.P.O. Box 12721, Central, Hong Kong.) {ROL #78}

{B906} Harris, J. 1994. Cranes, people and nature: preserving the balance. Pp. l--14. in The future of cranes and wetlands (H. Higuchi & J. Minton, eds.). (Int. Crane Found., E-11376, Shady Lane Rd., Baraboo, WI 53913, USA.) {ROL #78}

{B908} Donald, P. F., & Forest. 1995. The effects of agricultural change on population size of Corn Buntings Miliaria calandra on individual farms. Bird Study 42: 205--215. (BTO, The Nunnery, Thetford, Norfolk IP24 2PU, UK.)---Declines probably due to reduced winter food supplies.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{B908} Finch, D. M., et al. 1997. Effects and interactions of fire, logging, and grazing. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-292: 103--136. (For. Sci. Lab., 2205 Columbia SE, Albuquerque, NM 87106, USA.)---Analysis of impacts on birds of land management practices in southwestern U.S. ponderosa pine forests.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B908} Fujita, G., & H. Higuchi. 1992. [The relationship between habitat change and population dynamics in Barn Swallows Hirundo rustica.] Strix 11: 169--177. (Lab. Wildl. Biol., Sch. Agric. & Life Sci., Univ. Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B908} Green, R. J., & C. P. Catterall. 1998. The effects of forest clearing and regeneration on the fauna of Wivenhoe Park, south-east Queensland [Australia]. Wildl. Res. 25: 677--690. (Sch. Environ. Stud., Griffith Univ., Nathan, Qld. 4111, Australia.)---Many decades of regeneration may be necessary to adequately support many forest-dependent species, including birds.---M.G.B. {ROL #78}

{B908} Hall, L. S., M. L. Morrison, & W. M. Block. 1997. Songbird status and roles. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-292: 69--88. (Dept. Biol. Sci., California State Univ., Sacramento, Sacramento, CA 95819, USA.)---Summarize biology and habitat use of birds in southwestern U.S. ponderosa pine forests, and cite habitat elements of management priority.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B908} Hirano, K. 1994. [Rivers of normal and acid water as bird habitat.] Strix 13: 199--204. (Myoutoku 23-10, Suzuka-shi, Nagano 382, Japan.)---A river with acidic water supported fewer bird species and individuals than "normal" river.---M.J.U. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B908} Hirano, T. 1997. [The effect of riverbank repair works on wintering waterbird populations.] Strix 15: 39--44. (c/o T. Tomuro, 2-3-15 Yoshino, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 320, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B908} Kawashima, K. 1997. [Fluctuations of wader populations in relation to the construction of the Tokyo Port Wild Bird Park.] Strix 15: 45--53. (Sanctuary Ctr., Fukushima-Kotori-no-Mori Sanctuary, Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 98 Miyawaki, Yamaguchi, Fukushima-shi, Fukushima 960, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B908} Kurosawa, R. 1994. [Bird abundance in relation to the pavement rate of Tokyo.] Strix 13: 155--164. (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.)---Strong negative relation between species richness and pavement rates. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{B908} Malizia, L. R., et al. 1998. [Are roads barriers for birds movements? The case of La Florida Provincial Reserve {Tucuman, Argentina}.] El Hornero 15(1): 10--16.---Mist nets were used to study bird movements, classed as site-attached or transient individuals. The results showed no significant effects of the road.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{B908} Marzluff, J. M. 1997. Effects of urbanization and recreation on songbirds. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-292: 89--102. (13045 Cholla Dr., Juna, ID 83634, USA.)---Species are affected differently, depending on species-specific habits and/or nature of human impacts on southwestern U.S. ponderosa pine forests.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B908} Narusue, M., & H. Uchida. 1993. [The effect of structural changes of paddy fields on foraging egrets.] Strix 12: 121--130. (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.)---Bubulcus ibis, Egretta alba, Egretta intermedia, Egretta garzetta, Nycticorax nycticorax, Ardea cinerea. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B908} Nishide, T. 1993. [The ecology of Japanese Marsh Warblers in Hachiro-gata reclaimed land 3: population dynamics and the factors of the dynamics.] Strix 12: 41--52. (Soto-oka Kita 247-5, Yamamoto-cho, Yamamoto-gun, Akita 018-23, Japan.)---Megalurus pryeri decreased because of vegetation change. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{B908} Pena, M. 1997. [Avifauna on a new road in Colombia.] Bol. SAO (Soc. Ornitol. Antioquia) 8(14--15): 30--45. (Cal. 2 No. 55--58, Medellin, Colombia.)---Avifauna of a road under construction in Florencia-Altamira, Caqueta, Colombia. (Spanish.)---W.H.W. {ROL #78}

{B908} Raish, C., W. Young, & J. M. Marzluff. 1997. Contemporary use of southwestern ponderosa pine forests. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-292: 28--42. (Rocky Mtn. Forest & Range Exp. Stn., Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA.)---Considers impacts of timber harvest, grazing, recreation, and urbanization.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B908} Read, J. 1998. Vertebrate fauna of the Nifty Mine site, Great Sandy Desert [Australia], with comments on the impact of mining and rehabilitation. West. Aust. Nat. 22: 1-21. (WMC Resources, P.O. Box 150, Roxby Downs, SA 5725, Australia.)---Ninety-one species of birds recorded at or near mine site, with counts for some species.---M.G.B. {ROL #78}

{B908} Robinson, S. K. 1998. Another threat posed by forest fragmentation: reduced food supply. Auk 115: 1--3. (Illinois Nat. Hist. Survey, 607 E. Peabody Dr., Champaign, IL 61820, USA; EM: scottr@denr1.igis.uiuc.edu)---Comments on Auk 115: 96-104; forest fragmentation may result in reduced food supplies along edges and in small woodlots.---A.A.W. {ROL #78}

{B908} Scurlock, D., & D. M. Finch. 1997. A historical overview. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-292: 28--42. (For. Sci. Lab., 2205 Columbia SE, Albuquerque, NM 87106, USA.)---Considers historical changes in southwestern US ponderosa pine forests, mainly due to logging and fire suppression, and their impacts on avifauna.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B908} Worthington, D. J. 1998. Inter-island dispersal of the Mariana Common Moorhen: A recolonization by an endangered species. Wilson Bull. 110: 414--417. (USFWS, Pacific Islands Off., 300 Ala Moana Blvd., Room 3-122, Box 50088, Honolulu, HI 96850, USA; EM: dave_worthington@fws.gov)---Gallinula chloropus guami rapidly colonized a human-made wetland.---J.J.Dos. {ROL #78}

{B910} Andres, B. A., & B. T. Browne. 1998. Spring migration of shorebirds on the Yakutat Forelands, Alaska. Wilson Bull. 110: 326--331. (USFWS, Nongame Migratory Bird Manage., 1011 E. Tudor Rd., Anchorage, AK 99503, USA; EM: Brad_Andres@fws.gov)---Importance of conserving forelands as stopover sites. Calidris mauri, Calidris alpina, and Limosa fedoa beringiae.---J.J.Dos. {ROL #78}

{B910} Block, W. M., & D. M. Finch (Eds). 1997. Songbird ecology in southwestern ponderosa pine forests: a literature review. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-292. (Order from Rocky Mtn. Forest & Range Exp. Stn.: 3825 E. Mulberry St., Fort Collins, CO 80524, USA.)---Contains 8 papers (plus introduction) on use and management of Pinus ponderosa forests in southwestern US, and effects on songbird populations.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B910} Block, W. M., et al. 1997. Summary. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-292: 145--150. (Rocky Mtn. For. & Range Exp. Sta., SW For. Complex, 2500 S. Pine Knoll Dr., Flagstaff, AZ 86001, USA.)---Considers the key issues of songbird ecology and conservation in southwestern US ponderosa pine forests.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B910} Buchanan, J. B., et al. 1997. Potential Snowy Plover habitat in eastern Washington. Wash. Birds 6: 63--67. (Wash. Dept. Fish Wildl., 600 Capitol Way N., Olympia, WA 98501, USA.)---93 sites in Columbia Basin assessed for habitat value to Charadrius alexandrinus.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{B910} DeBano, L. F., et al. (Eds.). 1995. Biodiversity and management of the Madrean Archipelago: the sky islands of southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-264. (Order from Rocky Mtn. Forest & Range Exp. Stn.: 3825 E. Mulberry St., Fort Collins, CO 80524, USA.)---Contains 89 papers on animal and plant diversity and its conservation, with 3 relating to birds.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B910} Goettel, B. 1998. The Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge. Bird Obs. (Massachusetts) 26: 180--182. (C/O BOEM, P.O. Box 236, Arlington, MA 02174, USA.)---Describes multi-faceted approach to conservation and enhancement of natural diversity of the Connecticut River watershed, with projects in NH, VT, CT, and MA.---W.E.D. {ROL #78}

{B910} Hamilton, T. R. 1998. The history of the Parker River National Wildlife Refuge. Bird Obs. (Massachusetts) 26: 131--138. (C/O BOEM, P.O. Box 236, Arlington, MA 02174, USA.)---Geologic and early land-use history as well as political history of the founding and development of this Massachusetts refuge.---W.E.D. {ROL #78}

{B910} Hedrick, L. D., et al. 1998. Silvicultural systems and Red-cockaded Woodpecker management: another perspective. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 26: 138--147. (USDA For. Serv., Ouachita Nat. For., P.O. Box 1270, Hot Springs, AR 71902, USA.)---Comment on Rudolf and Conner in Wildl. Soc. Bull. 24: 330--333 and Engstrom et al. in Wildl. Soc. Bull. 24: 334--338; Picoides borealis. {ROL #78}

{B910} Herkert, J. R. 1998. The influence of the CRP on Grasshopper Sparrow population trends in the mid-continental United States. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 26: 227--231. (Illinois Endangered Species Prot. Board, 524 S. Second St., Springfield, IL 62701, USA.)---Grassland habitats created through the Conservation Reserve Program have contributed to recent population increases in Ammodramus savannarum.---W.P.J. {ROL #78}

{B910} Hussain, S. A. 1994. The present status of wetland conservation in Asia. Pp. 160--165. in The future of cranes and wetlands (H. Higuchi & J. Minton, eds.). (AWB, Inst. Advanced Stud., Univ. Malaya, Lembah Pantai 59100, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.) {ROL #78}

{B910} Ichida, N. 1994. The proposed international wetland nature reserve network. Pp. 176--181. in The future of cranes and wetlands (H. Higuchi & J. Minton, eds.). (Int. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.) {ROL #78}

{B910} Kantrud, H. A. 1990. Effects of vegetation manipulation on breeding waterfowl in prairie wetlands---a literature review. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-194: 93--123. (U.S. Fish & Wildl. Serv., N. Prairie Wildl. Res. Ctr., P.O. Box 2096, Jamestown, ND 58401, USA.)---Literature suggests wetland heterogeneity promotes breeding, and grazing and burning generally promote heterogeneity. Future research needed on optimal grazing and burning regimes.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B910} Kie, J. G., & E. R. Loft. 1990. Using livestock to manage wildlife habitat: some examples from California annual grassland and wet meadow communities. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-194: 7--24. (Pacific SW For. & Range Exp. Sta., 2081 E. Sierra Ave., Fresno, CA 93710, USA.)---Grazing can be used, but timing, livestock numbers, target wildlife species, and management objectives must be considered.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B910} Livingston, M. F., & S. D. Schemnitz. 1996. Summer bird/vegetation associations in Tamarisk and native habitat along the Pecos River, southeastern New Mexico. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-272: 171--180. (309 N. 41st. Ave., #8, Yakima, WA 98908, USA.)---Analyze bird species composition and abundance in treatment and control sites for removal of Tamarisk chinensis.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B910} Masters, R. E., et al. 1998. Small mammal response to pine-grassland restoration for Red-cockaded Woodpeckers. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 26: 148--158. (Dept. Forestry, Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater, OK 74778, USA.)---Restoration of pine-grassland communities for Picoides borealis through mid-story removal and fire enhanced small mammal communities.---W.P.J. {ROL #78}

{B910} Ounsted, M. 1996. Wetlands Indonesia programme -- ten years of wetland conservation in Indonesia. Kukila 8: 3--8. (P.O. Box 310, Bogor 16003, West Java, Indonesia.) {ROL #78}

{B910} Severson, K. E. (Ed.). 1990. Can livestock be used as a tool to enhance wildlife habitat? USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-194. (Order from Rocky Mtn. Forest & Range Exp. Stn.: 3825 E. Mulberry St., Fort Collins, CO 80524, USA.)---6 papers (plus introduction and summary), 3 of which are especially relevant to birds.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B910} Shaw, D. W., & D. M. Finch (Eds.). 1996. Desired future conditions for southwestern riparian ecosystems: bringing interests and concerns together. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-272. (Order from Rocky Mtn. Forest & Range Exp. Stn.: 3825 E. Mulberry St., Fort Collins, CO 80524, USA.)---51 papers on biodiversity and restoration of river systems, 4 of which are especially relevant to birds.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B910} Tsujii, T. 1994. The importance of wetlands and their conservation in Hokkaido, Japan. Pp. 156--159. in The future of cranes and wetlands (H. Higuchi & J. Minton, eds.). (Res. Lab. Agro-for. Ecol., Fac. Agric., Hokkaido Univ., Sapporo 060, Japan.) {ROL #78}

{B910} Tucker, J. W., Jr., G. E. Hill, & N. R. Holler. 1998. Managing mid-rotation pine plantations to enhance Bachman’s Sparrow habitat. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 26: 343--348. (Dept. Zool. Wildl. Sci., 331 Funchess Hall, Auburn Univ., AL 36849-5414, USA.)---Aimophila aestivalis. {ROL #78}

{B912} Azuma, Y., K. Kuwabara, & Y. Kanai. 1996. [The breeding status and conservation plan of colony sites of the Little Tern.] Strix 14: 143--157. (Sanctuary Ctr., Yokohama Nat. Sanctuary, Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 1562-1 Kamigo-cho, Sakae-ku, Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa 247, Japan.)---Sterna albifrons. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B912} Cameron, M. 1998. Planning for the recovery of threatened parrots in New South Wales [Australia]. Eclectus 5: 15--19. (Threatened Species Unit, NSW Natl. Pks. Wildl. Serv. P.O. Box 1007, Dubbo, NSW 2830, Australia.)---Describes threats to 14 parrot species in New South Wales (2 presumed extinct, 2 endangered, 9 vulnerable); the problems of developing Recovery Plans and the range of actions available.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{B912} Ehresman, B. F. 1999. The recovery of the Bald Eagle as an Iowa nesting species. Iowa Bird Life 69: 1--12. (Iowa Dept. Nat. Resour., 1436 255th St., Boone, IA 50036, USA.)---Haliaeetus leucocephalus has increased in Iowa from 1 nest in 1977 to 84 in 1998.---J.J.D. {ROL #78}

{B912} Faust, N., & E. Bailey. 1999. An Aleutian Canada Goose success story. Birding 31: 271--274. (P.O. Box 2994, Homer, AK 99603, USA; EM fausbail@xyz.net)---Populations of Branta canadensis leucopareia started at about 800 in the mid-1970s and increased to over 20,000 in the late 1990s.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{B912} Fujita, G., et al. 1994. [Attraction of Little Terns to artificial breeding sites using decoys.] Strix 13: 209--213. (Lab. Wildl. Biol., Sch. Agric. & Life Sci., Univ. Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113, Japan.)---Sterna albifrons. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B912} Grubb, T. G. 1995. Constructing Bald Eagle nests with natural materials. USDA, For. Serv. Res. Note RM-RN-535. (Order from Rocky Mtn. Forest & Range Exp. Stn.: 3825 E. Mulberry St., Fort Collins, CO 80524, USA.)---Effective artificial nests for Haliaeetus leucocephalus require about 3 hours work by 2 people.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B912} Hill, R. 1998. The southeastern Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo recovery plan. Eclectus 4: 9--12. (P.O. Box 82, Casterton, Vic. 3311, Australia.)---Calyptorhynchus banksii graptogyne, a critically endangered subspecies confined to southeastern Victoria, Australia.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{B912} Iannacone, J. A., & L. H. Alvarigo. 1998. Plan de Manejo del pinguino en la punta guanera San Juan de Marcona. Bol. Lima 111: 73--80.---Management plan for the Humboldt penguin Spheniscus humboldti in Punta San Juan de Marcona, a protected area in southwestern Peru.---O.G. {ROL #78}

{B912} Lopez-Lanus, B., P. Salaman, & N. Krabbe. 1998. Report on the preliminary results of "Proyecto Ognorhynchus" for the conservation of the Yellow-eared Parrot Ognorhynchus icterotis in Colombia. Papageienkunde 2: 197--200. (EM: bernabe@telearmenia.net.co) {ROL #78}

{B912} McGowan, P. 1998. Compilation of the parrot action plan. Eclectus 4: 2--4. (WWT Wetland Ctr., Castle Elspie, Ballydrain Rd., Comber Newtonwards, County Down BTT23 6EA, UK.)---Progress made since start in 1995 and contributions by many participants. Hopefully to be printed by Species Survival Commission by end of 1998.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{B912} Merton, D. 1998. Kakapo update. Eclectus 4: 4--7. (Dept. Conserv., P.O. Box 10--420, Wellington, New Zealand.)---Data on 54 known surviving Strigops habroptilus (20 females, 34 males). No natural population known; all now relocated to four offshore islands; describes breeding and diet. [Reprinted from Rare Bits 28.]---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{B912} Muñoz P. A., et al. 1996. Nidos artificiales de Pinus radiata en el sur de Chile: ¿Una herramienta para mitigar impactos ambientales negativos? [Nest boxes in Pinus radiata woodlands in southern Chile: a tool to mitigate negative environmental impacts?] Rev. Chilena Hist. Nat. 69: 393--400. (Lab. de Ecología Aplicada, Dept. de Ciencias Naturales, Univ. Católica de Temuco, Casilla 15-D, Temuco, Chile.)---Nest boxes were occupied mainly by Troglodytes aedon and Carduelis barbata.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{B912} Oohata, K., D. Simono, & S. Marutani. 1998. [On the use of artificial platforms for resting by waterfowl at Kaga-city at Kano-kamoike {Japan}.] Strix 16: 127--134. (Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-1 Katano Kaga-si, Isikawa 922-05, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{B912} Reynolds, R. T., et al. 1992. Management recommendations for the Northern Goshawk in the southwestern United States. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-217. (Order from Rocky Mtn. Forest & Range Exp. Stn.: 3825 E. Mulberry St., Fort Collins, CO 80524, USA.)---Human influences on forests may harm Accipiter gentilis populations; management practices which thin understory trees, create small openings, promote older-age forest, etc., would be beneficial.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B912} Ricklefs, R. E., & E. Bermingham. 1997. Molecular phylogenetics and conservation of Caribbean birds. El Pitirre 10(3): 85--92. {ROL #78}

{B912} Schweitzer, S. H., D. M. Finch, & D. M. Leslie, Jr. 1996. Reducing impacts of brood parasitism by Brown-headed Cowbirds on riparian nesting migratory songbirds. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-272: 267--276. (D.B. Warnell Sch. For. Resour., Univ. Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA.)---Assesses impacts of Molothrus ater on remnant populations, and suggests management approaches.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{B912} Therres, G. D., G. W. Willey, Sr., & C. Koppie. 1997. Bald Eagle nestling fostered into another nest. Maryland Birdlife 53: 103--104. (Maryland Dept. Nat. Resour., 580 Taylor Ave., Annapolis, MD 21401, USA.)---Haliaeetus leucocephalus nestling fledged successfully from adoptive nest.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{B912} Zhang, F. 1994. Conservation of wetlands and cranes in China. Pp. 130--135. in The future of cranes and wetlands (H. Higuchi & J. Minton, eds.). (Natl. Bird Banding Ctr., P.O. Box 1928, Beijing 100091, China.) {ROL #78}

{C102} Kurtenbach, K., et al. 1998. Competence of pheasants for Lyme disease spirochaetes. J. Med. Entomol. 35: 77--81. (Dept. Zool., Univ. Oxford, S. Pks. Rd., Oxford, UK.)---Phasianus colchicus can transmit Lyme disease spirochetes to ticks for up to 3 months after infection.---J.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C102} Mahmood, F., & W. J. Crans. 1998. Effect of temperature on the development of Culiseta melaneura (Diptera: Culicidae) and its impact on the amplification of eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus in birds. J. Med. Entomol. 35: 1007--1012. (Dept. Entomol., Rutgers, State Univ. N. J., 180 Jones Ave., New Brunswick, NJ, 08901-8536, USA.)---Warmer water hastens development of summer mosquitoes and increases the probability of amplification of the virus in juvenile birds.---J.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C104} Asakawa, M., et al. 1997. [First record of the Cyclocoelid trematode, Hyptiasmus sp., from Whooper Swan in Japan.] Jap. J. Ornithol. 46: 133--135. (Dept. Parasitol., Rakuno Gaskuen Univ., Ebetsu, Hokkaido 069, Japan.)---Cygnus cygnus. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C104} Benton, A. H. 1998. Hybridization in North American bird fleas of the genus Ceratophyllus (Siphonaptera: Ceratophyllidae). J. Med. Entomol. 35: 433--434. (Dept. Biol., State Univ. Coll., Fredonia, NY 14063, USA.)---Reports interbreeding among fleas from Progne subis and Petrochelidon pyrrhonota nests.---J.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C104} Clayton, D. H., & R. D. Price. 1998. Taxonomic review of Cotingacola (Phthiraptera: Philopteridae) from the Cotingas (Passeriformes: Tyrannidae), with descriptions of two new species. J. Med. Entomol. 35: 732--739. (Dept. Biol., Univ. Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA.)---Two new species from Querula purpurata and Lipaugus subalaris from Peru.---J.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C104} Estebanes-Gonzalez, M. L. 1997. Acarofauna en nidos de aves silvestres en Mexico. [Mites associated with the nests of wild birds in Mexico.] Acta Zool. Mex. (n.s.) 71: 1--15. (Inst. Biol., UNAM, Apdo. Postal 70-153, Mexico, D.F. 04510, Mexico.)---A preliminary study of the nest mites associated with the families Columbidae, Hirundinidae, Aegithalidae, Troglodytidae, Muscicapidae, Emberizidae, Fringillidae and Passeridae.---F.G.G. {ROL #78}

{C104} Green, C., & M. Koch. 1998. Infection by Cochlosoma anatis associated with runting in wild populations of Pacific Black Ducks Anas superciliosa. Aust. Bird Watcher 17: 390--394. (P.O. Box 790, Broadbeach, Qld. 4218, Australia.)---Clinical symptoms of ducks indicate probably infected while in care, treatment regime, and response over six months.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{C104} Hudson, P. J., A. P. Dobson, & D. Newborn. 1999. Prevention of population cycles by parasite removal. Science 282: 2256--2258. (Inst. Biol. Sci., Univ. Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA, UK; EM: p.j.hudson@stir.ac.uk)---Experimentally reduced Trichostrongylus tenuis nematodes prevented population crashes of Lagopus lagopus scoticus.---M.J.J. {ROL #78}

{C104} Keirans, J. E., & L. Durden. 1998. Illustrated key to nymphs of the tick genus Amblyomma (Acari: Ixodidae) found in the United States. J. Med. Entomol. 35: 489--495. (Inst. Arthropodol. Parasitol., Georgia Southern Univ., P. O. Box 8056, Statesboro, GA 30460-8056, USA.)---Specific avian hosts mentioned include Meleagris gallopavo, Toxostoma curvirostre, and Geococcyx.---J.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C104} Oscar-Jimenez, J. J., A. Estrada-Peña, & J. Lucientes-Curdi. 1998. Ticks (Acarina: Ixodidae) of wild birds in the Ebro Middle Basin (North-East Spain). Acarologia 39: 29--31. (Unidad Parasitol., Fac. Vet., C/Miguel Servet 177, Zaragoza, Spain.)---Four species of ticks were found on 16 species of passerines.---J.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C104} Pilgrim, R. L. C. 1998. Larvae of the genus Notiopsylla (Siphonaptera: Pygiopsyllidae) with a key to their identification. J. Med. Entomol. 35: 362--376. (Dept. Zool., Univ. Canterbury, Priv. Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand.)---This Southern Hemisphere seabird flea genus is known from Puffinus, Procellaria, Macronectes, Pelecanoides, Pterodroma and Diomedea.---J.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C104} Radovsky, F. J. 1998. Description of active stases and distribution of Pellonyssus gorgasi Yunker and Radovsky, 1966 (Acari: Macronyssidae) of hummingbirds, and its apparent use of flowers for host transfer. Int. J. Acarol. 24: 99--106. (Dept. Entomol., Oregon State Univ., 2046 Cordley Hall, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA; EM: radovskf@bcc.orst.edu)---A blood-feeding mite from Phaethornis, Selasphorus and Patagona hummingbirds leaves the host when the bird is at a sugar source. A key to species of Pellonyssus females is given.---J.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C104} Rand, P. W., et al. 1998. Participation of birds (Aves) in the emergence of Lyme disease is southern Maine. J. Med. Entomol. 35: 270--276. (Maine Med. Ctr. Res. Inst., 125 John Roberts Rd., Suite 5, S Portland, ME 04106, USA.)---Juvenile blacklegged ticks (Ixodes scapularis) occurred on passerines of 25 species. Forty to 60% of individuals of ground-nesting or ground-feeding species were infested with ticks.---J.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C104} Scharf, W. C. 1998. Fleas (Siphonaptera) from migrating owls: Passengers on the journey. Michigan Birds Nat. Hist. 5: 167--171. (760 Kingston, Traverse City, MI 49684 USA.)---Three new host records for mammal fleas from Aegolius acadicus, Aegolius funereus, Asio otus in Michigan.---J.A.C. {ROL #78}

{C104} Teel, P. D. et al. 1998. Population dynamics of immature Amblyomma maculatum (Acari: Ixodidae) and other ectoparasites on meadowlarks and Northern Bobwhite Quail resident to the coastal prairie of Texas. J. Med. Entomol. 35: 483--488. (Dept. Entomol., Texas A&M Univ., Coll. Stn., TX 77843, USA.)---Seasonal patterns of infestation of ticks on Sturnella and Colinus virginianus, plus records of 6 species of lice (Mallophaga).---J.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C106} Prayitno, D. S., C. J. C. Phillips, & D. K. Stokes. 1997. The effects of color and intensity of light on behavior and leg disorders in broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 76: 1674--1681. (CJCP: Dept. Clin. Vet. Med., Univ. Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 OES, UK.)---Rearing domestic chickens (Gallus domesticus) under bright red light increased activity, which reduced locomotion disorders later in the rearing period.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{C106} Small, M. F., & C. L. Pruett. 1998. Rhamphothecal hyperkeratosis in a Bronzed Cowbird. Bull. Texas Ornithol. Soc. 31: 27--29. (Texas Parks & Wildl. Dept., Rt. 1, Box 598D, Kingsville, TX 78363, USA.)---Molothrus aeneus. {ROL #78}

{C304} Jones, P., et al. 1996. A preliminary assessment of some factors influencing the density and distribution of Palearctic passerine migrants wintering in the Sahel zone of West Africa. Bird Study 43: 73--84. (Appl. Ornithol. Unit, Graham Kerr Bldg., DEEB, IBLS, Glasgow Univ., G12 8QQ, UK.)---Sylvia communis, Sylvia cantillans, Sylvia curruca, Phoenicurus phoenicurus, and Oenanthe oenanthe. {ROL #78}

{C304} Lloyd, P., & A. R. Palmer. 1998. Abiotic factors as predictors of distribution in southern African Bulbuls. Auk 115: 404--411. (Percy FitzPatrick Inst. African Ornithol., Univ. Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700, South Africa; EM: plloyd@botzoo.uct.ac.za)---Six environmental variables predict geographic distribution of 3 parapatric to locally sympatric species; Pycnonotus barbatus, Pycnonotus nigricans, Pycnonotus capensis.---A.D.F. {ROL #78}

{C306} Orgeira, J. L. 1994. Registros del Petrel de Wilson (Oceanites oceanicus) en el Mar de Weddell, Antartida. Cont. Cient. Inst. Antartico Argentino 436: 1--5. (Dept. Biol., Inst. Antartico Argentino.)---A wide diet, shifting reproductive periods, and pelagic distribution are key in colonization of Wilson’s Storm Petrel.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{C306} Orgeira, J. L., & D. Montalti. 1998. [Autumn seabird observations off the South Shetland Islands.] El Hornero 15(1): 60--64.---Species present in the area in autumn, for which few studies exist.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C308} Abbott, I. 1998. Avifauna of the Irwin Inlet -- Broke Inlet -- Mt Franklin region of southwest Western Australia, 1912-1913. CALMScience 2: 373--384. (CALM, Locked Bag 104, Bentley, WA 6983, Australia.)---List of 68 species recorded in diaries of SW Jackson's visit in 1912-13 compared with subsequent bird lists for the area.---M.G.B. {ROL #78}

{C308} Burbidge, A. A., & P. J. Fuller. 1998. Seabird Islands No. 241: Montebello Islands, Pilbara Region, Western Australia. Corella 22: 118--121. (WA Dept. CALM, P.O. Box 51, Wanneroo, WA 6065, Australia.)---Description of island, access limitations, ornithological history, breeding seabirds and factors affecting their status. Notes current radiation hazards.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{C308} Cameron, D., & M. A. Weston. 1999. The Hooded Plover: first confirmed record in Queensland, the longest movement yet recorded, and a discussion of the range contraction in Eastern Australia. Aust. Bird Watcher 18: 8--18. (Qld. Dept. Environ. Heritage, P.O. Box 324, Bribie Island, Qld. 4507, Australia.)---Thinornis rubricollis possibly associated with migratory flock of other species. Disturbance and habitat fragmentation could have caused range contraction.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{C308} Cannella, E. G. 1998. The avian fauna of two compensation basins located in Welshpool. West. Aust. Nat. 22: 115--122. (116 Carr St., West Perth, WA 6005, Australia.)---11 month survey, Perth, Western Australia.---M.G.B. {ROL #78}

{C308} Carter, M. 1998. Little Terns Sterna albifrons extend their breeding range in Victoria. Aust. Bird Watcher 17: 346--348. (30 Canadian Bay Rd., Mt. Eliza, Vic. 3930, Australia.)---First confirmed record of breeding on central coast of Victoria, rather than documented eastern localities.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{C308} Coate, K. H., R. E. Johnstone, & G. A. Lodge. 1998. Birds of the Gardner and Denison Ranges and Lake Willson area, southeast Kimberley, Western Australia. West. Aust. Nat. 22: 25--53. (21 Acanthus Rd., Willeton, WA 6155, Australia.)---Observations between June 1975 and May 1998 found 155 species of birds including 45 wetland birds. Annotated list includes breeding data. The area is of high conservation value.---M.G.B. {ROL #78}

{C308} Dunlop, J. N., & J. A. Goldberg. 1999. The establishment of a new Brown Noddy Anous stolidus breeding colony off southwestern Australia. Emu 99: 36--39. (Sch. Biol. Sci., Murdoch Univ., Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia.) {ROL #78}

{C308} Fuller, P. J., & A. A. Burbidge. 1998. Seabird Islands No. 240: North Turtle Island, Pilbara Region, Western Australia. Corella 22: 116--117. (WA Dept. CALM, P.O. Box 51, Wanneroo, WA 6065, Australia.)---Description of island, access limitations, ornithological history, breeding seabirds and factors affecting their status.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{C308} Fuller, P. J., & A. A. Burbidge. 1998. Seabird Islands No. 239: Bedout Island, Pilbara Region, Western Australia. Corella 22: 113--115. (WA Dept. CALM, P.O. Box 51, Wanneroo, WA 6065, Australia.)---Description of island, access limitations, ornithological history, breeding seabirds and factors affecting their status.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{C308} Hassell, C. J. 1998. Arctic Warbler: first confirmed record for mainland Australia. Aust. Bird Watcher 17: 365--369. (Broome Bird Obs., P.O. Box 1313, Broome, WA 6725, Australia.)---Phylloscopus borealis confirmed by full description from mist-netted specimen and photographs.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{C308} McLean, J. A. 1999. Seabird Islands No. 243: Hope Islands, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland. Corella 23: 18--20. (Box 203, Cooktown, Qld. 4871, Australia.)---Description of island, access limitations, ornithological history, breeding seabirds and factors affecting their status.---I.D.E {ROL #78}

{C308} McLean, J. A. 1999. Seabird Islands No. 242: Low Wooded Island, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland. Corella 23: 16--17. (Box 203, Cooktown, Qld. 4871, Australia.)---Description of island, access limitations, ornithological history, breeding seabirds and factors affecting their status.---I.D.E {ROL #78}

{C308} Nicholson, L. 1998. A new breeding record for the Lesser Crested Tern Sterna bengalensis in the Lowendal Islands, northwestern Australia. Records West. Aust. Mus. 19: 241. (Sch. Biol. Sci., Murdoch Univ., Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia.) {ROL #78}

{C308} Popple, L., & R. A. Date. 1998. Bird observations and notes for Murilla, Chinchilla and Taroom Shires, Queensland [Australia]. Queensland Nat. 36: 43--53. (16 Gallipoli Road, Carinda, Qld. 4152, Australia.)---164 bird species recorded.---J.M.P. {ROL #78}

{C308} Wilson, J. R., & C. Hassell. 1998. Occasional Counts No. 1. Wader counts on the Lacepede Islands, Western Australia. Stilt 33: 49--50. (13/27 Giles St., Kingston, ACT 2604, Australia.)---Describes island habitats and gives numbers of 22 species for December 1997 and September 1998.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{C310} Aspinall, S. J., J. H. Taverner, & E. J. Wiseman. 1993. History of Black-headed Gull colonies in Hampshire and neighboring counties. Br. Birds 86: 103--114. (Scot. Natl. Heritage, 2 Anderson Terr., Edinburgh EH6 5PN, UK.)---Larus ridibundus. {ROL #78}

{C310} Barrett, M. 1992. Moussier’s Redstart: new to Britain and Ireland. Br. Birds 85: 108--111. (65 Squires Way, Wilmington, Kent DA2 7NN, UK.)---Phoenicurus moussieri at Dinas Head, Dyfed, southwest Wales on 24 April 1988.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C310} Brown, A. F., H. Q. P. Crick, & R. A. Stillman. 1995. The distribution numbers and breeding range of Twite Acanthis flavirostris in the south Pennines of England. Bird Study 42: 107--121. (English Nat., Northminster House, Peterborough PE1 1UA, UK.) {ROL #78}

{C310} Burns, D. W. 1993. Oriental Pratincole: new to the Western Palearctic. Br. Birds 86: 115--120. (36 Pennhouse Ave., Penn, Wolverhampton, West Midlands WV4 4BE, UK.)---Glareola maldivarum in Suffolk from 21 June to 8 July 1981 and then in Essex until 11 Oct.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C310} Cantelo, J. 1993. Arctic Redpolls in Kent. Br. Birds 86: 135--138. (17 Clyde St., Canterbury CT1 1NA, UK.)---Carduelis hornemanni. {ROL #78}

{C310} Combridge, P., & C. Parr. 1992. Influx of Little Egrets in Britain and Ireland in 1989. Br. Birds 85: 16--21. (44 Ethelred Gns., Totton, Southampton S04 3UA, UK.)---An unprecedented influx of Egretta garzetta in the latter half of 1989.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C310} Davis, P. 1993. The Red Kite in Wales: setting the record straight. Br. Birds 86: 295--298. (Wildl. Surveys [Wales], Felindre, Aberarth, Aberaeron, Dyfed SA46 0LP, UK.)---New evidence on the past population of Milvus milvus from unpublished diaries.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C310} Dean, A. R. 1993. From the Rarities Committee’s files. Isabelline Wheatear in Scilly. Br. Birds 86: 3--5. (2 Charingworth Rd., Solihull, West Midlands B92 8HT, UK.)---Oenanthe isabellina. {ROL #78}

{C310} Doherty, P. 1992. Golden-winged Warbler: new to the Western Palearctic. Br. Birds 85: 595--600. (28 Carousel Walk, Sherburn-in Elmet, North Yorkshire LS25 6LP, UK.)---Vermivora chrysoptera from 24 Jan. to 10 April 1989 at Larkfield, Kent, UK.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C310} Donnelly, P. J. 1993. Yellow-browed Bunting in Orkney. Br. Birds 86: 411--414. (Purtabreck, North Ronaldsay, Orkney KW17 2BE, UK.)---Emberiza chrysophrys. {ROL #78}

{C310} Dowie, M. I. 1993. Blackpoll Warbler in Shetland. Br. Birds 86: 206--209. (13 Pinner Hill Rd., Pinner, Middlesex HA5 3SD, UK.)---Dendroica striata. {ROL #78}

{C310} Dunnet, J. B. 1992. Long-toed Stint: new to Britain and Ireland. Br. Birds 85: 429--436. (43 Hemlington Rd., Staintin, Middlesborough, Cleveland TS8 9AG, UK.)---Calidris subminuta, on 28 Aug. 1982, at Saltholm Pool, Cleveland.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C310} Ellis, P. M., & N. J. Riddiford. 1992. Savannah Sparrow in Shetland: second record for the Western Palearctic. Br. Birds 85: 561--564. (Seaview, Sandwick, Shetland ZE2 9HP, UK.)---Ammodramus sandwichensis, from 30 Sep--1 Oct 1987.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C310} Ellis, P. M. 1992. Great Knot: new to Britain and Ireland. Br. Birds 85: 426--429. (Seaview, Sandwick, Shetland ZE2 9HP, UK.)---Calidris tenuirostris, on 15 Sep 1989 at Scatness, Shetland.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C310} Flumm, D. S. 1993. Do Mediterranean Shags occur in southwest England? Br. Birds 86: 166--173. (Lyonesse Guest House, Land’s End, Sennen, Cornwall TR19 7AD, UK.)---Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii; no!---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C310} Fox, A. D., & E. R. Meek. 1993. History of the Northern Pintail breeding in Britain and Ireland. Br. Birds 86: 151--162. (Wildfowl & Wetland Trust, Slimbridge, Gloucester GL2 7BT, UK.)---Anas acuta. {ROL #78}

{C310} Fraser, P. A., & J. F. Ryan 1992. Scarce migrants in Britain and Ireland. Pt. 1. Numbers during 1986--90: seabirds to waders. Br. Birds 85: 631--635. (12 Redland Court Rd., Bristol BS6 7EQ, UK.) {ROL #78}

{C310} Holian, J. J., & J. E. Forley. 1992. Lesser Scaup: new to the Western Palearctic. Br. Birds 85: 370--376. (45 Heath Rd., New Invention, Willenhall, West Midlands WV12 5EP, UK.)---Aythya affinis, on 8 March 1987, at Chasewater, West Midland.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C310} Hume, R. A. 1993. Brown Shrike in Shetland: new to Britain and Ireland. Br. Birds 86: 600--604. (15 Cedar Gardens, Sandy, Bedfordshire SG19 1EY, UK.)---Lanius cristatus at Grutness, Sumburgh, 30 Sep---2 Oct 1985.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C310} Knox, A. G. 1993. Daurian Redstart in Scotland: captive origin and the British List. Br. Birds 86: 359--366. (Buckingham Co. Mus., Tring Rd., Halton, Buckinghamshire HP22 5PJ, UK.)---Phoenicurus auroreus on Isle of May, Fif in 1988 not accepted as genuinely wild.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C310} Kollinsky, C., & A. Landmann. 1996. Altitudinal distribution of male Black Redstarts: are there age-dependent patterns? Bird Study 43: 103--107. (Inst. f. Zool., Univ. Innsbruck, Austria.)---Phoenicurus ochruros. {ROL #78}

{C310} Peacock, M. 1993. Chestnut-sided Warbler: new to the Western Palearctic. Br. Birds 86: 57--61. (Grainel, Gruinart, Bridgend, Isle of Islay, UK.)---Dendroica pensylvanica on Fetlar, Shetland, 20 September 1985.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C310} Rogers, M. J. 1993. Report on rare birds in Great Britain in 1992. Br. Birds 86: 447--540. (2 Churchtown Cottages, Towednack, St. Ives, Cornwall TR 26 3AZ, UK.) {ROL #78}

{C310} Saunders, D., & S. Saunders. 1992. Blackburnian Warbler: new to the Western Palearctic. Br. Birds 85: 337--343. (Woosung, Hakin, Milford Haven, Pembrokeshire SA73 3EB, UK.)---Dendroica fusca on 5 Oct., 1991, on Skomer Island, Pembrokeshire.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C310} Seago, M. J. 1993. An unacceptable record of Baird’s Sandpiper. Br. Birds 86: 22. (33 Acacia Rd., Thorpe St. Andrew, Norwich NR7 0PP, UK.)---First county specimen of Calidris bairdii now relegated to "Hastings Rarities."---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C310} Spencer, R., et al. 1993. Rare breeding birds in the United Kingdom in 1990. Br. Birds 86: 62---90. (Rare Breeding Birds Panel, c/o Fountains, Park Ln., Blunham, Bedford MK44 3NJ, UK.) {ROL #78}

{C310} Stipeviƒ, M., & G. Lukac. 1992. Breeding-range changes of Red-rumped Swallow in Yugoslavia. Br. Birds 85: 37--39. (Marka Maruliƒa 29, 57000 Zadar, Croatia, Yugoslavia.)---Hirundo daurica has spread northward through Serbia and northwestward along the Adriatic.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C310} Stone, C. J., A. Webb, & M. L. Tasker. 1995. The distribution of auks and Procellariiformes in north-west European waters in relation to depth of sea. Bird Study 42: 50--56. (Seabirds at Sea Team, Seabirds & Cetaceans Branch, Joint Nat. Conserv. Comm., 17 Rubislaw Terr., Aberdeen AB1 1XE, Scotland, UK.}---Auks and Puffinus puffinus restricted to continental shelf, Fulmarus glacialis and Hydrobates pelagicus to water deeper than 100 m.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C310} Stone, C. J., A. Webb, & M. L. Tasker. 1994. The distribution of Manx Shearwaters Puffinus puffinus in north-west European waters. Bird Study 41: 170--180. (Joint Nat. Conserv. Com., Seabirds & Cetaceans Br., Seabirds at Sea Team, 17 Rubislaw Terr., Aberdeen AB1 1XE, UK.) {ROL #78}

{C310} Vinicombe, K., & P. J. Hopkin. 1993. The Great Black-headed Gull in Britain. Br. Birds 86: 201--205. (11 Kennington Ave., Bishopston, Bristol BS7 9EU, UK.)---Larus ichthyaetus; the Devon record of 1859 is the only one accepted.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C312} Acevedo Gutierrez, A. 1994. First records of occurrence and nesting of three bird species at Isla del Coco, Costa Rica. Rev. Biol. Trop. 42: 762. {ROL #78}

{C312} Bermingham, E., et al. 1998. Geology and terrestrial flora and fauna of Cayos Cochinos, Honduras. Rev. Biol. Trop. 46: 15--37. (Smithsonian Trop. Res. Inst., Apdo. 2072, Balboa, Pánama.)---43 bird species on main islands and adjacent small cays. Two small colonies of Brown Pelicans (Pelecanus occidentalis) represent the first breeding record on the Carribean coast of Honduras. A small group of Royal Terns (Sterna maxima) give the first confirmation that the species nests in Honduras.---S.C. {ROL #78}

{C312} Carr, M. H. 1995. Notes on the birds of Honduras from the year [sic] 1945-49, with special reference to the Yeguare River Valley, Department of Francisco Morazan. Ceiba 36 (2): 277--344. {ROL #78}

{C312} Delannoy, C. A. 1997. Status of Broad-winged Hawk and Sharp-shinned Hawk in Puerto Rico. Carib. J. Sci. 33(1--2): 21--33. {ROL #78}

{C312} Dudzik, K. 1996. First records of Pelecanus occidentalis (Aves: Pelecanidae) and Phaethon lepturus (Aves: Phaethontidae), at Isla del Coco, Costa Rica. Rev. Biol. Trop. 44: 303--304. (830 S. Second St. #13, Delavan, WI 53115, USA.)---Range extensions for Brown Pelican and White-tailed Tropicbird.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{C312} Duque Suarez, W. 1997. Segundo record y algunos aspectos conductuales de la Bijirita de Nashville Vermivora ruficapilla (Aves: Emberizidae) en Cuba. El Pitirre 10: 62.---Nashville Warbler. {ROL #78}

{C312} Duque Suarez, W., & O. H. Garrido. 1997. Zonotrichia leucophrys gambelii (Aves: Emberizidae), nuevo registro para Cuba. El Pitirre 10: 63.---White-crowned Sparrow. {ROL #78}

{C312} ffrench, R. P. 1997. Doubtful origin in some bird species recorded from Trinidad and Tobago. J. Trinidad & Tobago Field Nat. Club 1997: 8--12. (Toftingal, Laurieston Road, Gatehouse of Fleet, DG7 2BE, UK.)---Discusses over 30 species as possible escapes, feral introductions, etc.---R.P.ff. {ROL #78}

{C312} ffrench, R. P. 1997. Some outstanding problems in the ornithology of Trinidad and Tobago. J. Trinidad & Tobago Field Nat. Club 1997: 13--16. (Toftingal, Laurieston Road, Gatehouse of Fleet, DG7 2BE, UK.)---Examines problems of status and identification for about 30 species.---R.P.ff. {ROL #78}

{C312} ffrench, R. P. 1997. A reconsideration of some caprimulgids on Trinidad and Tobago. J. Trinidad & Tobago Field Nat. Club 1997: 17--19. (Toftingal, Laurieston Road, Gatehouse of Fleet, DG7 2BE, UK.)---Discusses status and identification of six species.---R.P.ff. {ROL #78}

{C312} Garcia Saramiento, N., & M. Rojas Tito. 1997. Base de datos para el estudio de la clase Aves en la Reserva de la Bioesfera Baconao, Santiago de Cuba. El Pitirre 10: 52. (No address available.) {ROL #78}

{C312} Garrido, O. H. 1997. Sicalis flaveola (Aves: Emberizidae)-Nueva especie para la avifauna cubana. El Pitirre 10: 55. (No address available.)---Saffron Finch. {ROL #78}

{C312} Gonzalez G., F. 1993. Avifauna de la Reserva de la Biosfera "Montes Azules", Selva Lacandona, Chiapas, Mexico. Acta Zool. Mex. 55: 1--86. (Inst. Ecol. A. C., Apdo. Postal 63, Xalapa, Veracruz 91000. Mexico; EM: gonzalef@sun.ieco.conacyt.mx)---Seasonality and habitat of 245 species.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{C312} Hayes, F. E. 1995. Noteworthy bird records for Trinidad & Tobago 1993--1994. J. Trinidad & Tobago Field Nat. Club 1995: 20--21. (Dept. Zoology, Univ. West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad)---13 species, one new for Tobago.---R.P.ff. {ROL #78}

{C312} Hayes, F. E. 1998. Noteworthy bird records for Trinidad & Tobago 1995--1996. El Pitirre 11, 1: 5--6. (Dept. Zoology, Univ. West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad)---7 species, one new for each island.---R.P.ff. {ROL #78}

{C312} Hess, G. K. 1997. Olive-throated Parakeet Aratinga nana in the Dominican Republic. El Pitirre 10: 56. {ROL #78}

{C312} Keith, A. R., & N. F. R. Ward. 1997. Pelagic bird sightings off Dominica. El Pitirre 10: 60--61. {ROL #78}

{C312} Kirkconnell, A., A. Llanes, & O. Garrido. 1997. First report of the Orange-crowned Warbler (Vermivora celata celata) in Cuba. El Pitirre 10(3): 95. {ROL #78}

{C312} Kirkconnell, A., & O. H. Garrido. 1997. El Guincho Norteamericano Pandion haliaetus carolinensis (Aves: Pandionidae) anidando en Cuba. El Pitirre 10: 64.---Osprey. {ROL #78}

{C312} Kluza, D. A. 1998. First record of Shiny Cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis) in Yucatán, Mexico. Wilson Bull. 110: 429--430. (Nat. Hist. Mus. and Dept. Syst. Ecol., Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA; EM: dakluza@falcon.cc.ukans.edu) {ROL #78}

{C312} Lambie, I., & V. Debie. 1997. Species and individuals recorded on Christmas bird counts, Trinidad 1976--1980. J. Trinidad & Tobago Field Nat. Club 1997: 20--22. (Asa Wright Nature Centre, Arima, Trinidad.)---Annual CBC details.---R.P.ff. {ROL #78}

{C312} Latta, S. C., F. M. Rivas, & G. K. Hess. 1997. Confirmation of the Olive-throated Parakeet Aratinga nana in the Dominican Republic. El Pitirre 10: 56. {ROL #78}

{C312} Latta, S. C. 1997. Two new species of birds from Hispaniola: Wood Thrush and Black-legged Kittiwake. El Pitirre 10: 59.---Hylocichla mustelina, Rissa tridactyla. {ROL #78}

{C312} Locking, A., & R. Locking. 1993. Passerina cyanea (Passeriformes: Emberizidae) nuevo informe ornitologico para la Isla del Coco, Costa Rica. [New report of Indigo Bunting for Cocos Island, Costa Rica.] Rev. Biol. Trop. 41: 928--929. (Dept. Bot. Spec., Univ. Ulm, Germany.) {ROL #78}

{C312} Morales P., J. E., & A. Navarro. 1991. Analisis de la distribucion de las aves en la Sierra Norte del Estado de Guerrero, Mexico. [Distributional analysis of the birds of the Northern Highlands in Guerrero, Mexico.] An. Inst. Biol. UNAM ser. Zool. 62: 497--510. (Museo de Zoologia "Alfonso L. Herrera", Fac. de Cienc. UNAM, A. P. 70-399, 04510. Mexico, D.F., Mexico.)---Species richness of oak, cloud, and Juniperus forests.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{C312} Ortiz P., R., et al. 1995. Avifauna del Centro de Investigaciones Costeras "La Mancha", Veracruz, Mexico. Acta Zool. Mex. 66: 87--118. (Inst. Ecol. A.C., A.P. 63, 91000 Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico.)---Cloud forests has the richest bird fauna in the area.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{C312} Palomera G., C., et al. 1994. Patrones de distibucion de la avifauna en tres estados del occidente de Mexico. [Distribution patterns of the bird fauna in three states of western Mexico.] An. Inst. Biol. UNAM ser. Zool. 65: 137--175. (Lab. Nat. Las Joyas, Univ. Guadalajara, Apdo. Postal 1-3933, Guadalajara Jalisco, C.P. 44100, Mexico.)---Jalisco hosts the highest number of endemic species of the three states in western Mexico.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{C312} Perez-Rivera, R. A., & P. J. Claudio. 1997. Sobre el status de la Cacatua de Goffin Cacatua goffini en Puerto Rico. El Pitirre 10: 54--55.---Goffin’s Cockatoo. {ROL #78}

{C312} Rivas, F. M. 1997. Resumen de aves consideradas como raras o accidentales para la Republica Dominicana. El Pitirre 10: 58. {ROL #78}

{C312} Rodriguez, J., & A. Rabelo. 1997. Avifauna de la costa sur de Ciego de Avila [Cuba.] El Pitirre 10: 50--51. {ROL #78}

{C312} Steadman, D. W., et al. 1997. The birds of St. Kitts, Lesser Antilles. Carib. J. Sci. 33(1-2): 1--20. {ROL #78}

{C312} Stiles H., F. G. 1990. La avifauna de la Univ. de Costa Rica y sus alrededores a traves de veinte años (1968-1989). [Avifauna of the University of Costa Rica Campus and its surroundings throughout twenty years.] Rev. Biol. Trop. 38: 361--382. (Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Univ. Nacional de Colombia, Bogota, Colombia.)---188 bird species were recorded: 58 permanent residents, 3 breeding residents, 38 seasonal residents, 50 transitory migrants, and 39 seasonal, occasional, or accidental visitors. Nearly all species that required shaded plantations, wooded areas, streams, or tall old second growth declined over time.---S.C. {ROL #78}

{C312} Villasenor, J. F., & L. E. Villasenor. 1998. Records of pelagic birds from coastal Michoacan. Southwest. Nat. 43: 402--404. (Lab. Ornitol., Univ. Michoacana de San Nicholas de Hidalgo, Ciudad Univ., Morelia, Michoacan, 58030 Mexico.)---Range extensions for Fulmarus glacialis, Puffinus griseus, Puffinus lherminieri, and Ptychoramphus aleuticus.---J.J.D. {ROL #78}

{C312} Viña, N., M. Walsh-McGehee, & D. S. Lee. 1997. Current status of White-tailed Tropicbirds (Phaethon lepturus) nesting in Cuba. El Pitirre 10(3): 98--99. {ROL #78}

{C316} Meininger, P. L., & U. G. Sorensen. 1993. Egypt as a major wintering area of Little Gulls. Br. Birds 86: 407--410. (Found Ornithol. Res. Egypt, Belfort 7, 4336 JK Middleburg, Netherlands.)---52,000 Larus minutus at the Nine Delta lakes is the highest concentration of the species recorded anywhere.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C318} Aanerud, K. 1989. Birds observed at Montlake Fill, University of Washington Campus, Seattle, Washington, from 1972 to 1989. Wash. Birds 1: 6--21. (9415 15th Ave. NE, Seattle, WA 98115, USA.)---Records of 186 species seen at wetland in urban setting.---J.B.B. {ROL #78}

{C318} Aanerud, K., & P. W. Mattocks, Jr. 1997. Third report of the Washington Bird Records Committee. Wash. Birds 6: 7--31. (8237 21st Ave. NE, Seattle, WA 98115, USA.)--- Review of 128 reports of 61 species. 1st and/or 2nd records from state of Phoebastria albatrus, Thalassarche cauta, Pterodroma ultima, Pterodroma cookii, Egretta thula, Egretta caerulea, Gymnogyps californianus, Anas querquedula, Polysticta stelleri, Buteo platypterus, Charadrius montanus, Limosa haemastica, Rhodostethia rosea, Brachyramphus perdix, Synthliboramphus hypoleucus, Coccyzus erythropthalmus, Surnia ulula, Melanerpes formicivorus, Pyrocephalus rubinus, Tyrannus savana, Vireo flavifrons, Toxostoma rufum, Motacilla alba, Mniotilta varia, Seiurus aurocapillus, Spizella pallida, Ammodramus leconteii, Ammodramus nelsoni, Plectrophenax hyperboreus, Carduelis hornemanni.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C318} Ackerman, S. M. 1994. American White Pelicans nest successfully at Crescent Island, Washington. Wash. Birds 3: 44--49. (U. S. Army Corps Engineers, Rt. 6, Box 693, Pasco, WA 99301, USA.)---30--40 pairs in 1994, 1st report of Pelecanus erythrorhynchos nesting in state since about 1926.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C318} Armistead, H. T. 1999. Maryland's Everglades: southern Dorchester County. Birding 31: 140--154. (523 East Durham St., Philadelphia, PA 19119, USA; EM: 74077.3176@compuserve.com)---Birding articles with 16 color photos and 5 maps.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Bazuin, J. B., Jr. 1998. First Herring Gull nest on the Virginia western shore. Raven 69: 39--43. (7451 Little River Turnpike, #202, Annandale, VA 22003, USA.)---Larus argentatus nest with 2 eggs, 17--23 Jun 1996 on island in Winter Harbor, Mathews Co.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Bell, T. 1998. Tufted Duck in Calvert County, the second for Maryland. Maryland Birdlife 54: 35--36. (No address given.)---Adult male Aythya fuligula, 18--19 Mar 1997.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Boertmann, D. 1998. Greenland---where Nearctic and Palearctic birds meet. Birders J. 7: 135--145. (Natl. Environ. Res. Inst., Dept. Arctic Environ., Tagensvej 135, 4th floor, DK-220 Copenhagen N, Denmark.)---Summary of the avifauna.---A.L.L. {ROL #78}

{C318} Bowers, D. 1996. Townsend's Solitaire in Harford County, the first for Maryland. Maryland Birdlife 52: 126--129. (900 La Grange Road, Street, MD 21154, USA.)---Myadestes townsendi, 22 Mar--13 Apr 1996 with notes on its behavior.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Brinker, L., & P. D. Vickery. 1997. First confirmed nesting of Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida) in New England. Bird Obs. (Massachusetts) 25: 204--208. (C/O BOEM, P.O. Box 236, Arlington, MA 02174, USA.)---Nest with 3 young in Arundel, ME, a SE range extension of 260 km.---W.E.D. {ROL #78}

{C318} Brown, D. E., & R. Davis. 1995. One-hundred years of vicissitude: terrestrial bird and mammal distribution changes in the American southwest, 1890--1990. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-264: 231--244. (Dept. Zool., Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ 85287, USA.)---Summarizes changes in Arizona and New Mexico; many species have increased, decreased, or become extinct.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{C318} Brush, T. 1998. Recent nesting and current status of Red-billed Pigeon along the Lower Rio Grande in southern Texas. Bull. Texas Ornithol. Soc. 31: 22--26. (Dept. Biol., Univ. Texas-Pan American, 1201 W. University Dr., Edinburg, TX 78539, USA.)---Columba flavirostris. {ROL #78}

{C318} Byrne, A. M. 1997. The Michigan Bird List. Michigan Birds Nat. Hist. 4: 339--346. (1115 Prospect St., Lansing, MI 48912 USA.)---Updated list of 409 species.---J.A.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Cable, T. T., S. Seltman, & K. J. Cook. 1996. Birds of the Cimarron National Grassland. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-281. (Order from Rocky Mtn. Forest & Range Exp. Stn.: 3825 E. Mulberry St., Fort Collins, CO 80524, USA.)---Gives status of each species reported, and discusses the Grassland’s history, habitats, management practices, and species’ locations.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{C318} Caldwell, R. S., & J. E. Copeland 1995. Aquatic birds of Holston Army Ammunition Plant, Kingsport, Tennessee. Migrant 66: 57--59. (Cumberland Mountain Res. Cent., Harrogate, TN 37752, USA.)---List of species seen Jan 1991--Sep 1992 with notes on nesting of Phalacrocorax carbo in northeastern Tennessee, the first nesting in the state since 1955.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Carmona, O. 1999. Valley of the vagrants. Re-cap of exciting records. Birding 31: 28--37. (2217 East Grimes, No. 1, Harlingen, TX 78550, USA; EM: hookbilledkite@hotmail.com)---Birding areas along the southeastern border of Texas.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Case, E. G. 1998. Evidence of Band-rumped Storm Petrels (Oceanodroma castro) off the Alabama Coast. Alabama Birdlife 43(2): 4--9. (3634 Tiger Point Blvd., Gulf Breeze, FL 32561, USA.)---8 were brought to a rehabilitation center after landing on a fishing boat.---J.B.O. {ROL #78}

{C318} Cassidy, K. M. 1997. Snowy Owl irruption into Washington and vicinity during the winter of 1996--1997. Wash. Birds 6: 68--82. (Wash. Coop. Fish Wildl. Res. Unit, Box 357980, Univ. Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.)---Localities, dates, and numbers in major invasion of Nyctea scandiaca.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C318} Chandler, C. R., et al. 1997. Late-summer congregation of Swallow-tailed Kites in southeast Georgia. Oriole 62(3/4): 29--34. (Dept. Biol., Georgia Southern Univ., Statesboro, GA 30460, USA.)---As many as 52 Elanoides forficatus seen in late summer in Tattnall Co. is the largest number seen at once in Georgia.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Chandler, C. R., J. M. Cawthorn, & G. M. Turano. 1997. Breeding by Horned Larks on the lower coastal plain of Georgia. Oriole 62(1/2): 1--3. (Dept. Biol., Georgia Southern Univ., Statesboro, GA 30460, USA.)---Eremophila alpestris feeding two fledged young 4 May 1997 at the East Georgia Turf Farm, Bulloch Co., represent the southernmost known breeding in Georgia.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Clapp, D. E. 1998. The Purple Martin in Massachusetts. Bird Obs. (Massachusetts) 26: 68--72. (C/O BOEM, P.O. Box 236, Arlington, MA, 02174, USA.)---History of Progne subis breeding colonies, with emphasis on recently established colony in Marshfield, MA.---W.E.D. {ROL #78}

{C318} Clark, C. T. 1996. A partial evaluation of the "Checklist of the Birds of the Central Coast of Texas". Bull. Texas Ornithol. Soc. 29: 18--22. (211 Winding Way, Rockport, TX 78382, USA.)---Reviews work by Conger Hager prior to 1962.---J.B.O. {ROL #78}

{C318} Coldren, M. K., et al. 1998. First Neotropic Cormorant, Phalacrocorax brasilianus (Aves: Phalacrocoracidae), breeding record for Arkansas. Southwest. Nat. 43: 496--498. (301 Krenek Tap #65, College Station, TX 77840, USA.)---In mixed species heronry in Lafayette County in 1996.---J.J.D. {ROL #78}

{C318} Dinsmore, S. J. 1998. Roseate Spoonbill in southwestern Iowa. Iowa Bird Life 68: 136--137. (612 ½ W. Magnolia St., Fort Collins, CO 80521, USA)---Ajaia ajaja from 4-14 Aug 1997; 2nd Iowa record.---J.J.D. {ROL #78}

{C318} Dinsmore, J. J. 1998. Iowa's avifauna: Recent changes and prospects for the future. J. Iowa Acad. Sci. 105: 115--122. (Dept. Anim. Ecol., Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA 50011, USA)---Since 1980, 40 species added to state list and 10 have first nested. Another 4 have reestablished nesting populations, and 4 others have been reintroduced. One nesting species, Sayornis saya, has disappeared.---J.J.D. {ROL #78}

{C318} Dinsmore, S. J. 1998. Common Eider in Marion County. Iowa Bird Life 68: 105. (612½ W. Magnolia St., Fort Collins, CO 80521, USA)---Somateria mollissima from 27 Jan to 7 Apr 1995; photographed. 2nd Iowa record.---J.J.D. {ROL #78}

{C318} Dittmann, D. L. 1995. Seventh report of the Louisiana Bird Records Committee. J. Louisiana Ornithol. 3: 16--42. (Mus. Nat. Sci., 119 Foster Hall, Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA 70803-3216, USA.)---Petrochelidon fulva, Cardellina rubrifrons, and Molothrus bonariensis were added to the state list, and 116 records were included in this report.---J.B.O. {ROL #78}

{C318} Dittmann, D. L. 1991. Sixth report of the Louisiana Ornithological Society Bird Records Committee. J. Louisiana Ornithol. 2(1): 21--40. (Mus. Nat. Sci., Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA.)---Sterna paradisaea, Vermivora virginiae, and Icterus cucullatus were added to state list and 108 records were reviewed in this report.---J.B.O. {ROL #78}

{C318} Dixon, B., & K. A. Sullivan. 1996. Distribution and occupancy of Great Blue Heron rookeries in Cache County, Utah. Utah Birds 12: 33--45. (10 Heritage Cove, Logan, UT 84322-5305, USA.)---1994 survey revealed 117 active nests of Ardea herodias in five heronries; describes and maps rookeries with information on other species nesting therein.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Dombroski, L. 1998. First record of Brewer’s Sparrow in Michigan. Michigan Birds Nat. Hist. 5: 139--144. (P.O. Box 169, Paradise, MI 49768 USA.)---Spizella breweri in Chippewa Co., MI, 24-25 May 1997.---J.A.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Eckert, C., & P. Sinclair. 1998. Snowy Plover touches down at Judas Creek, Yukon [Can.]. Birders J. 7: 250--253. (1402 Elm St., Whitehorse, YT Y1A 4B6, Can.)---Photos and description of Charadrius alexandrinus, 27--29 May 1998; 1st report for YT.---A.L.L. {ROL #78}

{C318} Eckert, C. 1998. Known range of Dusky Flycatcher extended northeast to the Kotaneelee Range, Yukon [Can.]. Birders J. 7: 205--207. (1402 Elm St., Whitehorse, YT Y1A 4B6, Can.)---Report of 4 Empidonax oberholseri singing at treeline; extension of 180 km northwest of Ft. Nelson, BC, and 360 km east of Cassiar Mtns., YT; audio recordings on file with Can. Wildl. Serv.---A.L.L. {ROL #78}

{C318} Etcheberry, R. 1998. Rare and unusual birds in Saint-Pierre et Miquelon. Birders J. 7: 187--200. (P.O. Box 328, Saint--Pierre and Miquelon Islands, France.)---Summary of published and unpublished reports of 82 vagrant species, including Palearctic species, dating back to 1945, for these French islands south of Newfoundland.---A.L.L. {ROL #78}

{C318} Fairbairn, S. E. 1998. Red-necked Grebes nest in Iowa. Iowa Bird Life 68: 134--135. (1627 Kiwi Ave., Boone, IA 50036, USA)---Podiceps grisegena in Dickinson Co., Jun 1998; 1st Iowa nest record.---J.J.D. {ROL #78}

{C318} Fuller, J. 1998. A summer invasion of Red Crossbills [to Iowa]. Iowa Bird Life 68: 135--136. (6 Longview Knoll NE, Iowa City, IA 52240, USA)---Loxia curvirostra; >30 reports in Jul--Aug 1997.---J.J.D. {ROL #78}

{C318} Goguen, C. R., D. R. Curson, and N. E. Mathews. 1998. Breeding birds of the NRA Whittington Center, Raton, New Mexico. New Mexico Ornithol. Soc. Bull. 26: 53--64. (Dept. Wildl. Ecol., Univ. Wisconsin, 1630 Linden Dr., Madison, WI 53706, USA.)---Annotated list of 107 species observed 1992--1997 with a list of 12 confirmed hosts of Molothrus ater.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Handley, C. O. Jr., & B. R. Handley. 1998. Franklin's Gull at Assateague Island, Virginia. Raven 69: 44--45. (Smithsonian Inst., Washington, DC 20560, USA.)---Adult Larus pipixcan seen 14 Mar 1995 is first spring record for Virginia.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Haney, D. L. 1996. Observation and breeding implication of the Painted Redstart in southwestern Utah. Utah Birds 12: 46--47. (Dept. Zool., Brigham Young Univ., Provo, UT 84602, USA.)---Myioborus pictus. {ROL #78}

{C318} Haynie, C. B. 1996. Texas Bird Records Committee report for 1995. Bull. Texas Ornithol. Soc. 29: 2--10. (2416 201st Ave. S.E., Issaquah, WA 98029, USA.)---Micrastur semitorquatus, Aratinga holochlora, and Amazona viridigenalis were added to the state list, bringing species total to 593.---J.B.O. {ROL #78}

{C318} Haynie, C. B. 1998. Texas Bird Records Committee report for 1996. Bull. Texas Ornithol. Soc. 31: 7--21. (2416 201st Ave. South East, Issaquah, WA 98029, USA.)---Poecile carolinensis and Oenanthe oenanthe were accepted to the state list, bringing the species total to 598.---J.B.O. {ROL #78}

{C318} Hedges, S. P. 1996. Status of the Inca Dove in Utah. Utah Birds 12: 51--52. (Bur. Land Manage., 176 East D. L. Sargent Dr., Cedar City, UT 84720, USA.)---Columbina inca becoming more common since 1989 with the first breeding record for the state in 1994 at Washington.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Hill, G. E., R. R. Sargent, & M. B. Sargent. 1998. Recent change in winter distribution of Rufous Hummingbirds. Auk 115: 240--245. (Dept. Zool. Wildl. Sci., 331 Funchess Hall, Auburn Univ., Auburn, AL 36849, USA; EM: ghill@acesag.auburn.edu)---Selasphorus rufus are increasing in rate and extent at which they winter in southeastern U.S.---A.A.W. {ROL #78}

{C318} Hoffman, M. L., & P. Davis. 1998. Second report of the Maryland/DC Records Committee. Maryland Birdlife 54: 3--26. (7263 Norris Ave., Sykesville, MD 21784, USA.)---Accepted records include 1st accepted records for Maryland for Pelecanus erythrorhynchos, Fregata magnificens, Dendrocygna autumnalis, Aythya fuligula, Bucephala islandica, Nomonyx dominicus, Larus canus canus, Sterna paradisaea, Uria aalge, Uria lomvia, Crotophaga sulcirostris, Myadestes townsendi, Oreoscoptes montanus, Piranga ludoviciana, Pipilo maculatus, Ammodramus bairdii, Zonotrichia querula, Calcarius pictus, Calcarius ornatus, and Pinicola enucleator. Accepted records also include the 1st record for the District of Columbia for Larus minutus. Not all of the records are recent; some represent revaluations of records made as long ago as 1905.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Holder, M. 1998. Update to the Birders Journal List of Canadian birds. Birders J. 7: 316--317. (8 Midtown Dr., Ste. 289, Oshawa, ON L1J 8L2, Can.)---Tyrannus couchii added to list, Hylocharis xantusii dropped from list; total of 628 species unchanged; status of Pluvialis fulva changed from breeding in Can. to non-breeding; status of Charadrius alexandrinus changed from non-breeding to breeding; the sequence and nomenclature updated to reflect 7th edition of the AOU Check-List.---A.L.L. {ROL #78}

{C318} Hough, J. 1998. Thayer's Gull in Manchester, Connecticut: second state record. Connecticut Warbler 18: 197--198. (21 Walnut St., Naugatuck, CT 06770, USA.)---Larus thayeri seen and photographed 13--14 Feb 1998; color photos on p. 190.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Hunn, E. S. 1989. First verified nesting of the Bobolink in Washington. Wash. Birds 1: 45--47. (Dept. Anthropol., Univ. Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.)---Photo of Dolichonyx oryzivorus nest in Yakima Co., Jun 1977.---J.B.B. {ROL #78}

{C318} Ilnicky, N. J. 1998. Probable first winter record of Rose-breasted Grosbeak in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula. Michigan Birds Nat. Hist. 5: 120--121. (42 Stonegate Heights, Marquette, MI 49855, USA.)---Male Pheucticus ludovicianus window kill on 13 Jan 1998 in Menominee, MI.---J.A.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Jackson, J. A., & W. E. Davis, Jr. 1998. Range expansion of the Red-bellied Woodpecker. Bird Obs. (Massachusetts) 26: 4--12. (C/O BOEM, P.O. Box 236, Arlington, MA 02174, USA.)---Christmas Bird Count data demonstrate rapid range expansion of Melanerpes carolinus into MA.---W.E.D. {ROL #78}

{C318} Johnson, P. 1997. Song Sparrow nesting in middle Georgia. Oriole 62(1/2): 9. (901 Santa Fe Trail, Macon, GA 31220, USA.)---Two adults and fledgling Melospiza melodia seen 27 May 1997 at Lake Wildwood, western Bibb Co., are the southernmost known nesting record in Georgia.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Johnston, D. W. 1997. A review of 19th Century Yellow Rail records from Virginia. Raven 68: 116--118. (5219 Concordia St., Fairfax, VA 22032, USA.)---Four specimens of Coturnicops noveboracensis from Buckingham, Suffolk and Nelson counties in the American Museum of Natural History and the U.S. National Museum and a record formerly attributed to the District of Columbia but probably from Virginia. Two records attributed to Virginia are instead thought to have been from the District of Columbia.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Jorgensen, J. G., & W. R. Silcock. 1998. Nebraska's first Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea). Nebraska Bird Rev. 66: 3. (1218 Jackson St., Blair, NE 68008, USA.)---Seen 19 Jul 1997 at Funk WPA, Phelps Co.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Kain, T. 1998. 1997 report of the Virginia Avian Records Committee. Raven 69: 46--52. (7083 Caffee Creek Ln., Gloucester, VA 23061, USA.)---Accepted first state records include Pterodroma feae, Aythya fuligula, Circus aeruginosus, Calidris ruficollis, Larus crassirostris, and Molothrus bonariensis.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Knight, R. L. 1995. First Tennessee record of Violet-green Swallow with a summary of extralimital records in eastern North America. Migrant 66: 46--48. (804 North Hills Drive., Johnson City, TN 37604, USA.)---Tachycineta thalassina seen 27 Mar 1994 at Austin Springs among a flock of Tree Swallows, Tachycineta bicolor.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Kridler, E. 1992. Five years of banding birds at Diamond Point, Washington. Wash. Birds 2: 1--5. (952 E. Spruce St., Sequim, WA 98382, USA.)---List of 5,425 birds of 72 species banded at this locality, with records of special interest.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C318} Lockwood, M. W., & C. E. Schackelford. 1998. The occurrence of Red-breasted Sapsucker and suspected hybrids with Red-naped Sapsucker in Texas. Bull. Texas Ornithol. Soc. 31: 2--6. (Nat. Resour. Prog., Texas Parks & Wildl. Dept., 4200 Smith School Rd., Austin, TX 78744, USA.)---Sphyrapicus nuchalis × Sphyrapicus ruber. {ROL #78}

{C318} Lockwood, M. W. 1998. Texas Bird Records Committee report for 1997. Bull. Texas Ornithol. Soc. 31: 50--62. (Texas Parks & Wildl. Dept., 4200 Smith School Rd., Austin, TX 78744, USA.)---Calidris ruficollis, Larus dominicanus, Sterna dougallii, Geotrygon montana, Asio stygius, Catharus aurantiirostris, and Piranga bidentata were accepted to the state list, bringing the species total to 606.---J.B.O. {ROL #78}

{C318} Lucas, Z. 1998. Hurricane Bonnie on Sable Island, Nova Scotia [Can.]. Birders J. 7: 254. (c/o Eds., 8 Midtown Dr., Ste. 289, Oshawa, ON L1J 8L2, Can.)---Hurricane of 30 Aug 1998 brought at least 170 individuals of 28 spp., including spp. from southern USA.---A.L.L. {ROL #78}

{C318} Lukas, D. 1998. Birding Interstate 80 in Nevada and California from Winnemucca through Donner Pass. Birding 30: 132--139. (P.O. Box 480, North San Juan, CA 95960, USA.)---10 color photos, 3 maps.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Mactavish, B. 1998. A Black-tailed Gull in Newfoundland [Can.]. Birders J. 7: 157--159. (37 Waterford Bridge Rd., NF A1E 1C5, Can.)---Photos and description of Larus crassirostris, 30 May 1998, St. John's; 1st report for NF, 4th report for Can.---A.L.L. {ROL #78}

{C318} Mactavish, B. 1998. Wood Sandpiper: A first for Newfoundland [Can.]. Birders J. 7: 294--298. (37 Waterford Bridge Rd., St. John's, NF A1E 1C5, Can.)---Photos and description of Tringa glareola, 11--14 Nov 1998, Renews, NF, Can.; 3rd report for Can.; 2 previous reports for eastern North America.---A.L.L. {ROL #78}

{C318} Mantlik, F., et al. 1998. Eighth report of the Avian Records Committee of Connecticut. Connecticut Warbler 18: 162--179. (No address given.)---Considers 86 records of 51 forms, including acceptance for Anser brachyrhynchus, Anas cyanoptera (1st state records); Icterus bullockii (1st and 2nd); Fulmarus glacialis, Anhinga anhinga, Ictinia mississippiensis, Larus thayeri, Sterna nilotica, Zenaida asiatica, Bombycilla garrulus (all 2nd state records); Plegadis chihi (2nd and 3rd).---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Mantlik, F. 1998. First Bell's Vireo for Connecticut. Connecticut Warbler 18: 195--196. (10 Arch St., Apt. B., Norwalk, CT 06850, USA.)---Vireo bellii at Westport, 14 Oct 1991.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Marantz, C. A., & A. W. Kratter. 1998. Unusual bird observations near Baton Rouge [LA] associated with Hurricane Andrew, with notes on identification of adult Bridled and Sooty Terns. J. Louisiana Ornithol. 4: 17--24. (Mus. Nat. Sci., Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA.)---Sterna anaethetus, Sterna fuscata. {ROL #78}

{C318} Martin, K. 1995. Comments on Barred Owl subspecies in Tennessee. Migrant 66: 28--29. (1176 Dearing Rd., Memphis, TN 38117, USA.)---Both Strix varia georgica and Strix varia varia occur in Tennessee but their relative distribution is poorly known.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Masters, L., et al. 1994. Pine Grosbeaks in west Tennessee. Migrant 65: 59. (Tennessee NWR, P.O. Box 849, Paris, TN 38242, USA.)---Four Pinicola enucleator seen 28 Mar 1992 in Tennessee NWR, Benton Co., are the first non-fossil record from the state.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Messerly, E. H. 1996. Bird skeleton specimens collected by Albert J. Kirn: county records not reported by Oberholser’s "The Bird Life of Texas". Bull. Texas Ornithol. Soc. 29: 49--51. (344 S. E. Elmhurst, Bartlesville, OK 74006-2604, USA.)---25 specimens represent new county records for Atascosa, Bexar, Callahan, San Patricio, & Victoria counties.---J.B.O. {ROL #78}

{C318} Miller, A. L. 1998. Fourth Alabama records committee report. Alabama Birdlife 44(1): 14--15. (520 Yorkshire Dr., Birmingham, AL 35209, USA.)---82 records were reviewed for 1994--1995. Selasphorus platycercus was accepted to the state list, bringing the Alabama species total to 400.---J.B.O. {ROL #78}

{C318} Mizrahi, D. S., & S. J. Wagner. 1996. Georgia's second state record for Townsend's Warbler. Oriole 61: 81--82. (Dept. Biol. Sci., Clemson Univ., Clemson, SC 29634-1903, USA.)---Presumably adult female Dendroica townsendi seen on Jekyll Island 18 Oct 1996.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Mollhoff, W. 1997. A probable nesting of Clark's Nutcracker (Nucifraga columbiana) in Nebraska. Nebraska Bird Rev. 65: 147--150. (1817 Boyd St., Ashland, NE 68003-1752, USA.)---Adult accompanied by begging young at feeder at Morrill, Scotts Bluff Co. in May 1997.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Muth, D. P. 1998. Unusual bird observations associated with Hurricane Andrew on Lake Salvador near the Barataria Preserve, Jefferson Parish, Louisiana. J. Louisiana Ornithol. 4: 10--13. (Jean Lafitte Natl. Hist. Park & Preserve, 365 Canal St., Suite 3080, New Orleans, LA 70130-114, USA.) {ROL #78}

{C318} Neville, B. 1998. First record of the Curlew Sandpiper, Calidris ferruginea, for New Mexico, with notes on the inland occurrences of the species in North America. New Mexico Ornithol. Soc. Bull. 26: 43--50. (Centennial Sci. Eng. Library, Univ. New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA.)---Record of bird first seen 4 May 1996 at Bitter Lake NWR with an analysis of 110 inland reports found in Audubon Field Notes and its successors through 1997.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Oberle, M. W., & J. C. Haney. 1997. Possible breeding range extensions of northern forest birds in northeast Georgia. Oriole 62(3/4): 35--44. (1034 Fayetteville Ave. SW, Calabash, NC 28467, USA.)---Summer records of Sitta canadensis, Regulus satrapa, Carduelis pinus, Troglodytes troglodytes, Dendroica caerulescens, Wilsonia canadensis and Junco hyemalis, the latter three occurring at lower elevations than previously reported in Georgia.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Opperman, H. 1992. Bushtits in Kittitas County, Washington. Wash. Birds 2: 25--31. (P. O. Box 286, Medina, WA 98039, USA.)---Range extension of Psaltriparus minimus.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C318} Padelford, L., & B. Padelford. 1998. Ross's Gull in Pottawattamie County. Iowa Bird Life 68: 137--138. (1405 Little John Rd., Bellevue, NE 68005, USA)---Rhodostethia rosea, 27--31 Dec 1997; 3rd Iowa record.---J.J.D. {ROL #78}

{C318} Pantle, R. J. 1998. First recorded sighting and banding of Anna's Hummingbird in New York State. N. Am. Bird Bander 23: 128--129. (25 Logan Hill Rd., Candor, NY 13743, USA.)---Adult male Calypte anna at Binghamton, Broome Co., 22 Nov 1998.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Paulson, D. R. 1989. Sandhill Crane subspecies in Washington. Wash. Birds 1: 24--26. (Slater Mus. Nat. Hist., Univ. Puget Sound, Tacoma, WA 98416, USA.)---Grus canadensis canadensis is locally common migrant; Grus canadensis tabida breeds in state.---J.B.B. {ROL #78}

{C318} Paulson, D. R. 1992. The distribution of the Northern Fork-tailed Storm-Petrel. Wash. Birds 2: 6--7. (Slater Mus. Nat. Hist., Univ. Puget Sound, Tacoma, WA 98416, USA.)---Clarification of Oceanodroma furcata subspecies distribution in northeast Pacific; 1st records of O. f. furcata from Washington and Oregon.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C318} Paulson, D. R. 1992. Interior Song Sparrow in western Washington. Wash. Birds 2: 42--43. (Slater Mus. Nat. Hist., Univ. Puget Sound, Tacoma, WA 98416, USA.)---1st record of Melospiza melodia juddi from Washington.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C318} Paulson, D. R., & P. W. Mattocks, Jr. 1992. Eastern Phoebes in Washington. Wash. Birds 2: 20--22. (Slater Mus. Nat. Hist., Univ. Puget Sound, Tacoma, WA 98416, USA.)---1st and 2nd state records of Sayornis phoebe from Bay Center, 16--23 Dec 1989, and Chillowist, 22 Jun--3 Jul 1991.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C318} Paulus, J. 1997. Record Golden Eagle day at Town Hill. Maryland Birdlife 53: 29. (P.O. Box 1883, Cumberland, MD 21501, USA.)---13 Aquila chrysaetos seen 6 Mar 1997 at Allegany Co., Maryland, hawkwatch site.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Petersen, W. R. 1998. Third Annual Report of the Massachusetts Avian Records Committee (MARC). Bird Obs. (Massachusetts) 26: 276--284. (C/O BOEM, P.O. Box 236, Arlington, MA 02174, USA.)---Adds Chen rossii, Vanellus vanellus, Columba livia, and Tachycineta thalassina to state list, bringing total to 464 species.---W.E.D. {ROL #78}

{C318} Plath, T. 1998. A Crested Caracara at Drury Inlet, British Columbia [Can.]. Birders J. 7: 215--216. (330-9411 Glendover Dr., Richmond, BC V7A 2Y6, Can.)---Photo and description of Caracara plancus, 5 May--3 June 1998; 1st report for BC, 3rd for Can.---A.L.L. {ROL #78}

{C318} Quezon, A. J. 1997. First breeding record for Mississippi Kite in Virginia. Raven 68: 85--88. (11691 Yates Ford Rd., Fairfax Station, VA 22039, USA.)---Ictinia mississippiensis with juvenile near fledging 11 Aug 1996 at Woodbridge, Prince William Co., in suburban northern Virginia.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Quezon, A. J. 1998. Mississippi Kites breed in Woodbridge, Virginia, during summer 1997. Raven 69: 32--33. (11691 Yates Ford Rd., Fairfax Station, VA 22039, USA.)---Ictinia mississippiensis breeding for the third consecutive year in suburban northern Virginia with young fledging on 1 Aug; young fed chiefly flying insects, especially periodical cicadas, Magicicada spp.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Rambo, K. 1997. Fork-tailed Flycatcher (Tyrannus savana) in St. Mary's County, Maryland. Maryland Birdlife 53: 121--123. (24885 Morgan Rd., Hollywood, MD 20636, USA.)---Seen 22 Sep 1997 in Mechanicsville.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Ratoosh, E. S. 1995. Birds of the Montlake Fill, Seattle, Washington (1979--1983). Wash. Birds 4: 1--34. (2905 Coronado Dr., College Station, TX 77845, USA.)---Records of 174 species observed at wetland in urban setting.---J.B.B. {ROL #78}

{C318} Remsen, J. V., Jr. 1998. A cautionary note on winter "philopatry": the case of the Least Flycatchers at Blue Buck Ridge [LA]. J. Louisiana Ornithol. 4: 1--2. (Mus. Nat. Sci., Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA.)---Empidonax minimus. {ROL #78}

{C318} Remsen, J. V., Jr. 1998. Unusual bird observations associated with Hurricane Andrew near St. Gabriel, Iberville Parish, Louisiana. J. Louisiana Ornithol. 4: 25--30. (Mus. Nat. Sci., Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA.) {ROL #78}

{C318} Rohrbacher, F. 1998. An Allen's Hummingbird winters in Delaware. Delmarva Ornithol. 30: 12--14. (5 Neva Court, Wilmington, DE 19810, USA.)---Selasphorus sasin present Nov 1997--mid-Feb 1998, captured and banded on 14 Jan 1998 [Feathers from this bird are now in the U.S. National Museum.])---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Ross, R. 1997. Indigo Bunting seen in January at Sparrow Point, Baltimore County [Maryland]. Maryland Birdlife 53: 121--123. (4128 Roland Ave., Baltimore, MD 21211-2034, USA.)---Passerina cyanea. {ROL #78}

{C318} Salzman, E. 1998. Birds in the City. View from the Big Apple. Birding 30: 38--45. (29 Middagh Street, Brooklyn, NY 11201, USA.)---Birds of New York City.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Schaefer, R. R. 1998. First county records of Red Crossbill in the Pineywoods Region of eastern Texas. Bull. Texas Ornithol. Soc. 31: 63--64. (Wildl. Habitat & Silvicul. Lab., South. Res. Sta., U.S. For. Serv. Nacogdoches, TX 75762, USA.)---Loxia curvirostra. {ROL #78}

{C318} Sewell, J. 1996. A Merlin during the month of June in Clayton County. Oriole 61: 8--9. (4608 Westhampton Dr., Tucker, GA 30084, USA.)---Falco columbarius seen briefly 18 Jun 1995 is said to be first summer record for Georgia.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Sewell, J. 1996. Red-necked Grebe at Lake Lanier and a review of other Georgia sightings. Oriole 61: 73--76. (4608 Westhampton Dr., Tucker, GA 30984, USA.)---List of previous coastal and inland sightings of Podiceps grisegena in Georgia.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Sinclair, J. 1998. Ross's Gull at Red Rock Reservoir. Iowa Bird Life 68: 138--139. (810 North B. St., Indianola, IA 50125, USA)---Rhodostethia rosea, 13--18 Dec 1997; 2nd Iowa record.---J.J.D. {ROL #78}

{C318} Skriletz, J. 1996. First Washington record of the "Long-billed" Marbled Murrelet. Wash. Birds 5: 53--54. (Wash. Dept. Fish Wildl., 600 Capitol Way N., Olympia, WA 98501, USA.)---Brachyramphus perdix. {ROL #78}

{C318} Stahlecker, D., J. P. DeLong, & J. V. Jewell. 1998. Breeding birds of the Rio Chama Wildlife and Fishing Area, Arriba County, New Mexico. New Mexico Ornithol. Soc. Bull. 26: 75--92. (Eagle Environmental, Inc., 30 Fonda Rd., Santa Fe, NM 87505, USA.)---Annotated list of 92 species recorded May--July 1997.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Stepniewski, A. 1996. Boreal Owls found nesting in Washington in 1992. Wash. Birds 5: 55--60. (291 Windy Point Dr., Wapato, WA 98951, USA.)---Aegolius funereus in Okanogan County.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C318} Stepniewski, A., & K. Woodruff. 1997. Great Gray Owls breeding in Washington. Wash. Birds 6: 83--87. (291 Windy Point Dr., Wapato, WA 98951, USA.)---First Washington nest of Strix nebulosa found in 1991, sparse breeding in mixed-conifer forests in 2 northern counties.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C318} Sullivan, B. 1998. Chasing Hurricane Fran. Birding 30: 82--86. (377 9th St., Surf City, NJ 08008, USA.)---About 32 species blown inland to Kerr Reservoir, Mecklenburg Co., Virginia 6 Sep 1996.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Sutherland, D. 1996. An inland record for Harlequin Duck in Douglas County [Georgia]. Oriole 61: 6--7. (825 Tranquil Dr., Austell, GA 30001, USA.)---Histrionicus histrionicus pair, 20--25 Feb 1996 in Sweetwater Creek State Park, said to be the third state record.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Tweit, B., & D. R. Paulson. 1994. First report of the Washington Bird Records Committee. Wash. Birds 3: 11--41. (P. O. Box 1271, Olympia, WA 98507, USA.)---Review of 193 reports of 83 species. 1st and/or 2nd records from state of Pterodroma ultima, Puffinus puffinus, Oceanites oceanicus, Anas falcata, Anas querquedula, Polysticta stelleri, Mergellus albellus, Buteo lineatus, Charadrius melodus, Charadrius morinellus, Heteroscelus brevipes, Numenius tahitiensis, Calidris tenuirostris, Calidris fuscicollis, Calidris ferruginea, Larus ridibundus, Rissa brevirostris, Pagophila eburnea, Uria lomvia, Brachyramphus brevirostris, Sphyrapicus varius, Sayornis nigricans, Sayornis phoebe, Tyrannus forficatus, Vireo griseus, Vireo philadelphicus, Catharus minimus, Prunella montanella, Motacilla flava, Motacilla lugens, Anthus cervinus, Vermivora pinus, Vermivora peregrina, Parula americana, Dendroica magnolia, Dendroica tigrina, Dendroica caerulescens, Dendroica virens, Dendroica fusca, Dendroica discolor, Oporornis formosus, Wilsonia citrina, Calamospiza melanocorys, Ammodramus leconteii, Calcarius ornatus, Quiscalus mexicanus, Icterus spurius, Icterus cucullatus, Icterus parisorum.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C318} Tweit, B., & J. Skriletz. 1996. Second report of the Washington Bird Records Committee. Wash. Birds 5: 7--28. (P. O. Box 1271, Olympia, WA 98507, USA.)---Review of 253 reports of 76 species. Accepts 1st and/or 2nd records from state of Pterodroma inexpectata, Phaethon aethereus, Sula nebouxii, Fregata magnificens, Egretta thula, Nyctanassa violacea, Somateria spectabilis, Buteo platypterus, Coturnicops noveboracensis, Charadrius montanus, Charadrius morinellus, Limosa haemastica, Limosa lapponica, Lymnocryptes minimus, Larus atricilla, Larus glaucoides, Larus schistisagus, Rissa brevirostris, Sterna antillarum, Uria lomvia, Aethia psittacula, Fratercula corniculata, Zenaida asiatica, Coccyzus erythropthalmus, Surnia ulula, Archilochus colubris, Selasphorus sasin, Sayornis phoebe, Pyrocephalus rubinus, Tyrannus melancholicus, Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus, Polioptila caerulea, Toxostoma rufum, Motacilla alba, Phainopepla nitens, Dendroica pensylvanica, Dendroica caerulescens, Dendroica striata, Seiurus aurocapillus, Wilsonia citrina, Calamospiza melanocorys, Emberiza rustica, Pheucticus ludovicianus, Passerina cyanea, Spiza americana, Euphagus carolinus, Quiscalus quiscula, Icterus galbula, Fringilla montifringilla.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C318} Virginia Avian Records Committee 1998. First record of a Western Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginosus) in Virginia. Raven 69: 56. (No address given.)---Female seen 4 Dec 1994 at Chincoteague NWR compared closely with Circus cyaneus.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Washington Bird Records Committee. 1989. Check-list of Washington birds. Wash. Birds 1: 1--5. (Slater Mus. Nat. Hist., Univ. Puget Sound, Tacoma, WA 98416, USA.)---434 bird species recorded from state through 1988.---J.B.B. {ROL #78}

{C318} Washington Bird Records Committee. 1994. Check-list of Washington birds (second edition). Wash. Birds 3: 1--10. (Slater Mus. Nat. Hist., Univ. Puget Sound, Tacoma, WA 98416, USA.)---440 bird species recorded from state as of Aug 1994, with four-letter codes.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C318} Washington Bird Records Committee. 1996. Check-list of Washington birds (third edition). Wash. Birds 5: 1--6. (915 E. 3rd Ave., Ellensburg, WA 98926, USA.)---447 species reported from state as of Sep 1996.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C318} Washington Bird Records Committee. 1997. Check-list of Washington birds (fourth edition). Wash. Birds 6: 1--6. (915 E. 3rd Ave., Ellensburg, WA 98926, USA.)---454 species reported from state as of Sep 1997.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C318} Wayne, W. J. 1998. Ross's Gull in Delaware. Delmarva Ornithol. 30: 10. (12 Owls Nest Rd., Centerville, DE 19807, USA.)---Rhodostethia rosea seen 21 Nov 1996.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Wheeler, J. 1997. First sighting of a guillemot (Cepphus sp.) in Maryland since Audubon. Maryland Birdlife 53: 3--4. (531 Hampton Ln., Baltimore, MD 21286, USA.)---11 Mar 1993 in Anne Arundel Co., on west side of Chesapeake Bay---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Williams, B. 1998. The first record of the Shiny Cowbird for Virginia. Raven 69: 34--38. (154 Lakewood Dr., Williamsburg, VA 23185, USA.)---Male Molothrus bonariensis in clean, fresh plumage seen sporadically 18--27 Aug 1996 in Surry Co.; overview of previous records in states to the south.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Wright-Pulliam, P. 1998. Idaho's Siberian Accentor. Impact and afterthoughts. Birding 30: 102--107. (P.O. Box 7537, Boise, ID 83707, USA.)---Identification of Prunella montanella seen in Dec 1996 with a list of previous North American records; 5 color photos.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C318} Yaukey, P. H. 1998. Unusual birds associated with Hurricane Andrew around New Orleans, Louisiana. J. Louisiana Ornithol. 4: 14--16. (Dept. Geog., Univ. New Orleans, New Orleans, LA 70122, USA.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Ando, Y., K. Hiyama, & K. Nozaki. 1993. [Forest breeding bird communities among different islands of the Oki Islands {Japan}.] Strix 12: 131--138. (Dep. For., Fac. Agric., Shimane Univ., Nishikawatsu-cho 1060, Matsue-shi, Shimane 690, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Anezaki, S. 1999. [Avifauna of Takarajima Island, Tokara Islands {Japan}.] Strix 17: 43--52. (510-102 8-3-6 Iwanaridai Kasugai-shi, Aichi 487-0033, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Daimon, H. 1997. [A record of Black-faced Spoonbill display behavior in Ishikawa Prefecture {Japan}.] Strix 15: 138--140. (1-63-5 Minato Town, Nanao City, Ishikawa 926, Japan.)---Platalea minor. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Daimon, H. 1999. [The first wintering record of Siberian Accentor in Ishikawa Prefecture {Japan}.] Strix 17: 201--202. (1-63-5 Minato Town, Nanao City, Ishikawa 926-0058, Japan.)---Prunella montanella. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Fan, Z., et al. 1994. Distribution and conservation of cranes and wetlands in Jilin and Liaoning Provinces, northeast China. Pp. 136--140. in The future of cranes and wetlands (H. Higuchi & J. Minton, eds.). (Liaoning Ornithol. Res. Ctr., Daliang, Xi gang-qu, Xing Hai Tun 6, China.)---Anthropoides virgo, Grus grus, Grus japonensis, Grus leucogeranus, Grus monacha, Grus vipio. {ROL #78}

{C320} Fujimaki, Y. 1992. [Records of the Little Cuckoo Cuculus poliocephalus from central Hokkaido {Japan}.] Strix 11: 351--352. (Lab. Wildl. Ecol., Dept. Agro-Environ. Sci., Obihiro Univ. Agric. & Vet. Med., Inada, Obihiro 080, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Fujimaki, Y. 1993. [Status of the Mandarin Duck in Tokachi district, Hokkaido {Japan}.] Strix 12: 171--176. (Lab. Wildl. Ecol., Obihiro Univ. Agr. & Vet. Med., Inada Obihiro, Hokkaido 080, Japan.)---Aix galericulata. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Fujimaki, Y. 1994. [Distribution and abundance of the Latham's Snipe in southeastern Hokkaido {Japan}.] Strix 13: 73--78. (Lab. Wildl. Ecol., Dept. Agro-Environ. Sci., Obihiro Univ. Agric. & Vet. Med., Inada, Obihiro 080, Japan.)---Gallinago hardwickii. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Fujimaki, Y. 1996. [Distribution and abundance of Tree and Russet Sparrows in southeastern Hokkaido {Japan}.] Strix 14: 95--105. (Lab. Wildl. Ecol., Dept. Agro-Environ. Sci., Obihiro Univ. Agric. & Vet. Med., Inada, Obihiro 080, Japan.)---Passer montanus, Passer rutilans. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Fujimaki, Y. 1997. [Distribution and abundance of the Japanese Grosbeak and the Hawfinch in central and southeastern Hokkaido {Japan}.] Strix 15: 55--62. (Lab. Wildl. Ecol., Dept. Agro-Environ. Sci., Obihiro Univ. Agric. & Vet. Med., Inada, Obihiro 080, Japan.)---Eophona personata, Coccothraustes coccothraustes. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Fujimaki, Y. 1998. [Distribution and abundance of Carrion and Jungle Crows in central and southeastern Hokkaido {Japan}.] Strix 16: 47--54. (Lab. Wildl. Ecol., Dept. Agro-Environ. Sci., Obihiro Univ. Agric. & Vet. Med., Inada, Obihiro 080, Japan.)---Corvus corone, Corvus macrorhynchos. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Fujimaki, Y. 1999. [Distribution and abundance of Rufous Turtle Dove and Japanese Green Pigeon in central and southeastern Hokkaido {Japan}.] Strix 17: 15--23. (Lab. Wildl. Ecol., Dept. Agro-Environ. Sci., Obihiro Univ. Agric. Vet. Med., Inada, Obihiro 080, Japan.)---Distribution of Streptopelia orientalis and Treron sieboldii. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{C320} Hayashi, H., & T. Okada. 1992. [The breeding status of the Little Tern Sterna albifrons in Japan.] Strix 11: 157--168. (5-31 Higashikawagashiramachi Yahatanishiku Kitakyusyu, Fukuoka 806, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Hirano, T. 1996. [Changes in breeding avifauna during the past 25 years at Tomatsuriyama in Utsunomiya City, central Japan.] Strix 14: 25--31. (c/o T. Tomuro, 2-3-15 Yoshino, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 320, Japan.)---Terpsiphone atrocaudata and Pericrocotus divaricatus disappeared after 1978. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{C320} Hirano, T., & S. Koike. 1998. [Changes of breeding avifauna at Senjo-plain in Nikko, central Japan.] Strix 16: 25--35. (c/o T. Tomuro, 2-3-15 Yoshino, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 320-0838, Japan.)---Tarsiger cyanurus and Phylloscopus tenellipes increased, and Parus ater declined in the coniferous forest. In mixed forest, Anas platyrhynchos, Troglodytes troglodytes and Regulus regulus increased, while Cinclus pallasii, Phylloscopus tenellipes and Phylloscopus coronatus declined. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{C320} Hosono, T., & D. Suyama. 1998. [The first breeding record of Magpie in Nagano Prefecture {Japan}.] Jap. J. Ornithol. 46: 177--178. (Kazama 100-242, Nagano 381, Japan.)---Pica pica. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Iida, T. 1992. [The causes of a restricted distribution of the Broad-billed Roller in Japan.] Strix 11: 99--108. (Funakoshiminami 2-19-26-328, Aki, Hiroshima-shi, Hiroshima 736, Japan.)---Eurystomus orientalis. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Iida, T., & S. Tanaka. 1993. [Breeding of Hoopoes in western part of Hiroshima {Japan}.] Strix 12: 53--60. (Funakoshiminami 2-19-26-328, Aki, Hiroshima-shi, Hiroshima 736, Japan.)---Upupa epops. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Ikeda, Y., K. Sudo, & K. Mazaki. 1992. [First breeding records of Honey Buzzards and Goshawks in Kaga, Ishikawa {Japan}.] Strix 11: 353--355. (Dept. Environ. Biol. & Health Sci., Kanazawa Univ., Kakuma, Kanazawa 920-11, Japan.)---Pernis apivorus, Accipiter gentilis. {ROL #78}

{C320} Ikeda, Y., T. Matsumura, & S. Ogawa. 1996. [First breeding record of Honey Buzzards in Fukui {Japan}.] Strix 14: 194--196. (Dept. Environ. Biol. & Health Sci., Kanazawa Univ., Kakuma, Kanazawa 920-11, Japan.)---Pernis apivorus. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Ishida, K., M. Takashi, & M. Ueta. 1998. [A breeding record of Lidth’s Jay in a nest-box at a natural forest of Kinsakubaru on Amami Island {Japan}.] Strix 16: 148--151. (Univ. For., Univ. Tokyo, Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113, Japan.)---Garrulus lidthi. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Ishizuka, T., & Y. Ikeda. 1996. [Goshawk breeding in coastal windbreak forest in Ishikawa {Japan}.] Strix 14: 197--200. (Hoshino Wildl. Res. Ctr., Hoshino, Karuizawa, Nagano 389-0194, Japan.)---Accipiter gentilis. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Iwata, M. 1993. [Observations on a pair of Gyrfalcons Falco rusticolus wintering at Cape Sunazaki in Hokkaido, Japan.] Strix 12: 219--221. (4-4 Tokiwa-chi, Mori-machi, Kayabe-gun, Hokkaido, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Kamata, M., & T. Tomiooka. 1994. [Breeding record of Red-crowned Cranes at Mochida Bird Protection Area in Nemuro, eastern Hokkaido {Japan}.] Strix 13: 262--263. (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.)---Grus japonensis. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Kanai, Y., et al. 1993. [Avifauna and conservation of Liaoning Shuangtai Hekou Nature Reserve {Japan}.] Strix 12: 145--160. (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.)---Grus japonensis, Megalurus pryeri. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Kawahra, K. 1993. [Bird species observed in Minamitori-shima (Marcus Is., Japan).] Strix 12: 243--247. (Saiwaityou-Syukusya 6-2, Saiwaityou 1-3, Nemuro-shi, Hokkaido 087, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Kawamoto, M., & Y. Watanabe. 1994. [First record of Ruddy-breasted Crakes Porzana fusca wintering at Ozu, Iwakuni, western Honsyu.] Strix 13: 259--261. (Hijimachi 1-18 B34, Shinnanyou-shi, Yamaguchi 746, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Kawasaki, S., et al. 1997. [Changes of breeding avifauna at Syunkunitai, eastern Hokkaido {Japan}.] Strix 15: 25--38. (Syunkunitai Wild Bird Sanctuary, 103 Tobai, Nemuro-shi, Hokkaido 086, Japan.)---Emberiza aureola is decreasing whereas Locustella ochotensis and Saxicola torquata are increasing. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{C320} Kondo, K. 1993. [The first record of the Chinese Great Grey Shrike Lanius sphenocercus from Sado Island.] Strix 12: 248--251. (107-1 Simoniibo, Niibo-mura, Sado-gun, Niigata 952-01, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Kuroiwa, T., et al. 1999. [A breeding record of Honey Buzzard in Kochi {Japan}.] Strix 17: 187--190. (1-1-26 Kamobe, Kochi-shi, Kochi 780-8052, Japan.)---Pernis apivorus. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Kuroiwa, T. 1999. [The avifauna of coastal wetlands in the central-southern area of Kochi Prefecture {Japan}.] Strix 17: 53--67. (1-1-26 Kamombe-Kochi-shi-Kochi 780-8052, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Masatomi, H., et al. 1994. [Breeding status of the Red-crowned Crane Grus japonensis in eastern Hokkaido, Japan, in 1994.] Strix 13: 103--142. (Hokkaido Coll., Senshu Univ., Koshiunai, Bibai, Hokkaido 079-01, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Minowa, Y., K. Kuwabara, & T. Shimada. 1999. [Avifauna of the seabirds in Tokyo Bay.] Strix 17: 31--41. (Japanese Soc. Preserv. Birds, 11th building 5F, 2-5-5, Shinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-0022, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Mitsunaga, H., & K. Imamura. 1996. [Breeding record of the Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus in Kumamoto Prefecture {Japan}.] Strix 14: 190--193. (50-78 Shimizumachiyamamuro, Kumamoto-shi, Kumamoto 860, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Murase, Y. 1992. [Wintering records of a "mated" pair of Bewick's and Whistling Swans, Cygnus columbianus bewickii and C. c. columbianus, in Kitakami, Iwate -- Part 3.] Strix 11: 245--251. (2-2-17 Tokiwadai, Kitakami-shi, Iwate 024, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Murase, Y. 1993. [Wintering record of a mated pair of Bewick's and Whistling Swans, Cygnus columbianus bewickii and C. c. columbianus, in Kitakami, Iwate {Japan}. Part 4.] Strix 12: 115--119. (2-2-17 Tokiwadai, Kitakami-shi, Iwate 024, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Narita, A. 1994. [Breeding records of the Slaty-backed Gull Larus schistisagus on Kabu Island, Aomori Prefecture, western Honshu {Japan}.] Strix 13: 256--258. (Hachinohe Sch. Deaf, 6-29-24 Kashiwazaki, Hachinohe, Aomori 031-0081, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Narusue, M., et al. 1997. [Changes in the distribution of breeding colonies of Common Cormorants in the Kanto District {Japan}.] Strix 15: 95--108. (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.)---Phalacrocorax carbo. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Ohsako, Y. 1992. [Early spring avifauna of a windbreak forest in Syari, eastern Hokkaido and some problems of line census method.] Strix 11: 299--305. (Fukui Nat. Conserv. Ctr., Minamirakuroshi 169-11-2, Ono-shi, Fukui 912-01, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Ohsako, Y. 1996. [Summer distribution of Motacilla spp. and breeding of Motacilla alba lugens in the Ono Basin, Fukui {Japan}.] Strix 14: 107--112. (Fukui Nat. Conserv. Ctr., Minamirakuroshi 169-11-2, Ono-shi, Fukui 912-01, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Ootaka, H., & M. Nakamura. 1996. [Avifauna on the campus of Joetsu University of Education {Japan} during the breeding season.] Strix 14: 113--124. (Dept. Biol., Lab. Anim. Ecol., Joetsu Univ. Educ., 1 Yamayashiki-machi, Joetsu-shi, Niigata 943, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Ozaki, K., & T. Baba. 1994. Recoveries and resightings of color-banded Hooded Grus monacha and White-naped G. vipio cranes in northeast Asia. Pp. 32--40. in The future of cranes and wetlands (H. Higuchi & J. Minton, eds.). (Yamashina Inst. Ornithol., 115 Konoyama, Abiko 270-11, Japan.)---At the wintering site in Izumi, 181 Grus monacha and 76 Grus vipio were color-banded between 1979 and 1993.---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{C320} Sasaki, H., & Sasaki, A. 1999. [A record of the European Robin Erithacus rubecula in Tobishima Island {Japan}.] Strix 17: 205--208. (1-21 Maegouichiban-Cho, Yokote-Shi, Akita-Ken 013-0038, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Satoh, K., N. Kikuchi, & T. Nishide. 1996. [Wryneck Jynx torquilla bred in Hachirogata reclaimed land, Akita Prefecture {Japan}.] Strix 14: 135--141. (Kosawada 22-1, Funagawaminato Oga-shi, Akita 010-05, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Shimada, T. 1998. [Changes of waterbird community in Shinhama area, the back of Tokyo Bay {Japan}.] Strix 16: 37--45. (Miyagi Prefectural Izunuma-Uchinuma Environ. Found., 17-2 Shikimi, Aza-Kamihataoka, Wakayanagi-cho, Kurihara-gun, Miyagi 989-55, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Shimpo, K., et al. 1999. [First breeding record of Grey-headed Lapwing Vanellus cinereus at Noda City in Chiba Prefecture, central Japan.] Strix 17: 93--99. (Wild Bird Club Nagareyama, 629-23 Kounosudai, Nagareyama City, Chiba 270-0102, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Shinoda, K., H. Matsuki, & K. Yata. 1994. [First breeding record of Peregrine Falcons in Toyama Prefecture {Japan}.] Strix 13: 254--255. (Tenryuso 7, Gofuku 10ku 4563, Toyama-shi, Toyama 930, Japan.)---Falco peregrinus. {ROL #78}

{C320} Sora, H. 1997. [The first breeding record of the Tree Creeper from Shikoku {Japan}.] Jap. J. Ornithol. 46: 55. (Hoshigochi)---Certhia familiaris. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Suzuki, Y., M. Yui, & M. Sakuyama. 1993. [Forest bird community of Tobishima Island {Japan}.] Strix 12: 139--144. (Tohoku Res. Ctr., For. & For. Products Res. Inst., Nabeyashiki 72, Morioka, Iwate 020-01, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Suzuki, H. 1998. [The breeding status of the Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica at Yahata River mouth, Hiroshima {Japan}.] Strix 16: 99--108. (Sanctuary Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 15-8 Nanpeidai, Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Takeshita, M. 1996. [Observations of Saunders’ Gull in Japan.] Strix 14: 182--185. (3-13-11 Dairitonoue Moji-ku, Kitakyushu-shi, Fukuoka 800, Japan.)---Larus saundersi. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Takeshita, M. 1992. [The first record of the Swinhoe's Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma monorhis in Hyogo Prefecture {Japan}.] Strix 11: 359--360. (3-13-11 Dairitonoue Moji-ku, Kitakyushu-shi, Fukuoka 800, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Takeshita, M. 1994. [Discovery of a new breeding site of the Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii at Miike Island, an artificial island, in Fukuoka Prefecture, southern Japan.] Strix 13: 250--253. (3-13-11 Dairitonoue Moji-ku, Kitakyushu-shi, Fukuoka 800, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Tipper, R. 1993. Waders in Hong Kong. Br. Birds 86: 231--242. (Old Bakehouse, Hanging Birch Lane, Waldron, East Sussex TN21 0PA, UK.)---57 species recorded.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C320} Tomkovich, P. S. 1992. Breeding-range and population changes of waders in the former Soviet Union. Br. Birds 85: 344--365. (Dept. Ornithol., Zool. Mus. Moscow State Univ., Herzen St. 6, 103009 Moscow, Russia.)---Himantopus himantopus, Glareola pratincola, Glareola nordmanni, Pluvialis apricaria, Vanellus vanellus, Chettusia [= Vanellus] leucura, Tringa stagnatilis, Philomachus pugnax, Gallinago media, and Limnodromus scolopaceus. {ROL #78}

{C320} Ueda, K. 1992. [Birds of Ohshima in Nagasaki Prefecture, Kyushu {Japan}.] Strix 11: 253--261. (Lab. Biol., Rikkyo Univ., Ikebukuro, Tokyo 171, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Ueda, K. 1994. [The population of egrets at a breeding colony of Inba-gun, Chiba Prefecture {Japan}.] Strix 13: 65--72. (390-29 Shiroi, Shiroi-town, Inba-gun, Chiba 270-14, Japan.)---Bubulcus ibis, Egretta alba, Egretta garzetta, Egretta intermedia. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Ueta, M., M. Koita, & K. Fukui. 1999. [The relationship between the autumn distributions of salmon and of Steller's and White-tailed Sea Eagles in Hokkaido, Japan.] Strix 17: 25--29. (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.)---Haliaeetus pelagicus and Haliaeetus albicilla depend heavily upon salmon as food in autumn, and their distributions are determined by the abundance of salmon. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{C320} Wakisaka, H., & T. Notsu. 1999. [First record of the Spotted-billed Pelican Pelecanus crispus from Shinjiko Lake, Shimane Prefecture {Japan}.] Strix 17: 203--204. (Syobara machi 2936-1-202, Hikawa cyo, Hikawa gun, Shimane 699-0502, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Yada, T. 1992. [The first record of the Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca in Japan.] Strix 11: 356--358. (3-13-7-303 Yokodai, Isogo-ku, Yokohama-shi, Kanagaw 235, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C320} Yamamoto, Y., & N. Seto. 1997. [Decrease of summer visiting birds in Yamaguchi Prefecture {Japan} analyzed from records of regular birding events.] Strix 15: 15--23. (Miyake Nat. Ctr., Akakokko Station, Wild Bird Soc. Japan, Tsubota 4188, Miyake-mura, Miyake-jima, Tokyo 100-12, Japan.)---Butastur indicus, Otus scops, Ninox scutulata, Caprimulgus indicus, Turdus cardis, Terpsiphone atrocaudata, Delichon urbica, Halcyon coromanda and Sterna albifrons are decreasing in Yamaguchi Prefecture. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{C324} Belaoussoff, S. 1993. Northern Gannet and Common Guillemot nesting on Rockall. Br. Birds 86: 16. (7 Elmvale Crescent, Toronto, ONT M9V 2B8, Can.)---Morus bassanus and Uria aalge. First confirmed breeding of any bird species on this island in the northeastern Atlantic.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C324} Bourne, W. R. P. 1993. Birds breeding on Rockall. Br. Birds 86: 16--17. (Zool. Dept., Aberdeen Univ., Tillydrone Ave., Aberdeen AB9 2TN, UK.)---Summarizes previous visits to this isolated North Atlantic island, none of which confirmed any bird species breeding.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C324} Spennemann, D. H. R. 1998. A note on the nineteenth century sighting of a species of ground-dwelling bird on Bokak, a northern atoll of the Marshall Islands. Corella 22: 111-112. (The Johnstone Ctr., Charles Sturt Univ., P.O. Box 789, Albury, NSW 2640, Australia.)---Absence of extant rail could be due to extermination by former plumage hunters or a sighting of a non-breeding vagrant.---I.D.E {ROL #78}

{C324} Walker, R. L. 1999. Additional notes on the birds of Ka-ho`owe. Elepaio 59: 22. (No address given.)---Observations 22--23 Apr 1980 that supplement article in Elepaio 58: 55, 62--65.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C328} Abbott, D. F. 1998. Searching for India's least known endemic. Birding 30: 392--404. (43579 Plantation Terr., Ashburn, VA 20147, USA.)---Report of search for Forest Owlet, Athene blewetti, in the Deccan Plateau in mid- to late Nov 1997; maps, 4 color photos.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C328} Argeloo, M., & R. Dekker. 1996. Bulwer's Petrel in Indonesia. Kukila 8: 132--135. (Zool. Mus., Univ. Amsterdam, P.O. Box 94766, 1090 GT Amsterdam, Netherlands.)---15 and 14 Bulweria bulwerii seen at sea, off Sulawesi and Irian Jaya respectively.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{C328} Bishop, D. K., & J. M. Diamond. 1997. Rediscovery of Heinrich's Nightjar Eurostopodus diabolicus [Sulawesi]. Kukila 9: 71--73. (P.O. Box 68, Kincumber, NSW 2251, Australia.)---First record for 66 years.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{C328} Boon, L. 1996. Some further new records of shorebirds from Lombok. Kukila 8: 148--149. (Kapoenstraat 30c, 6211 KW Maastricht, Netherlands.)---Charadrius dubius, Charadrius ruficapillus, Numenius arquata, Arenaria interpres, Calidris ferruginea. {ROL #78}

{C328} Boon, L. 1996. Sighting of Common Cuckoo on Java. Kukila 8: 149--150. (Kapoenstraat 30c, 6211 KW Maastricht, Netherlands.)---Cuculus canorus. {ROL #78}

{C328} Brooks, T. 1996. A record of Yellow-rumped Flycatcher from Kalimantan. Kukila 8: 151--152. (c/o Kukila, P.O. Box 310, Bogor 16003, West Java, Indonesia.)---Ficedula zanthopygia. {ROL #78}

{C328} Danielsen, F., & M. Heegaard. 1995. The birds of Bukit Tigapulah, Southern Riau, Sumatra. Kukila 7: 99--120. (NORDECO, Skindergade 23, DK-1159 Copenhagen-K, Denmark.)---193 species, 51 breeding (22 not previously recorded breeding in Sumatra) recorded 26 July--30 Sept. 1991. Data on Lophura erythrophthalma, Pitta granatina, Kenopia striata, Napothera macrodactyla and Zoothera interpres, for which no previous recent records.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{C328} Davison, G. W. H. 1997. Bird observations on the Muratus mountains, South Kalimantan. Kukila 9: 114--121. (WWF Malaya, Locked Bag No. 911, Jalan Sultan P.O., 46990 Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaya.)---21 new species for area, Oct. 1996, including extended range for Orthotomus cucullatus, Rhinomyias gularis, Zosterops atricapilla.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{C328} Davison, G. W. H. 1997. Bird observations on Pulau Laut, South Kalimantan. Kukila 9: 122--125. (WWF Malaya, Locked Bag No. 911, Jalan Sultan P.O., 46990 Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaya.)---76 definite and 4 possible species from 4-day visit to a little documented large island off SE Borneo.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{C328} Dutson, G. 1995. The birds of Salayar and the Flores Sea islands [Indonesia]. Kukila 7: 129--141. (1 High Way, Broadstone, Dorset BH18 9NB, UK.)---Lists for a series of little-known islands between Sulawesi and Flores visited 23--26 Sep 1993. 22 endemic subspecies, 1 endemic species and populations of more widespread threatened species. No protected forests, at least two larger islands almost totally cleared.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{C328} Dymond, N. 1994. A survey of the birds of Nias Island, Sumatra. Kukila 7: 10--27. (Burgadies, South Punds, Levenwick, Shetland ZE2 9HX, UK.)---A 17-day visit to Nias off the west coast of Sumatra, May 1990; 12 species recorded for first time; 23 of 36 previously recorded resident species not seen; of 28 endemic subspecies, 8 not seen.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{C328} Gregory, P. I., R. Burrows, & G. Burrows. 1996. Red-rumped Swallow at Manokwari, a new species for Irian Jaya. Kukila 8: 153. (c/o Kukila, P.O. Box 310, Bogor 16003, West Java, Indonesia.)---Hirundo daurica, Hirundo striolata. {ROL #78}

{C328} Gregory, P. I., R. Burrows, & G. Burrows. 1996. Blue Rock-thrush at Manokwari, a new species for Irian Jaya. Kukila 8: 153. (c/o Kukila, P.O. Box 310, Bogor 16003, West Java, Indonesia.)---Monticola solitarius. {ROL #78}

{C328} Hale, M. 1996. Thick-billed Flowerpecker -- a first record for Bali. Kukila 8: 155--157. (Hong Kong Birdwatching Soc., G.P.O. Box 12460, Hong Kong.)---Dicaeum agile. {ROL #78}

{C328} Holmes, D., & S. van Balen. 1996. The birds of Tinjil and Deli Islands, West Java. Kukila 8: 117-126. (P.O. Box 310, Bogor 16003, West Java, Indonesia.)---Depauperate avifauna of c. 20 resident species of landbirds found on six visits between 1988--1995.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{C328} Holmes, D. A. 1994. A review of the land birds of the West Sumatran Islands. Kukila 7: 28--46. (P.O. Box 310, Bogor 16003, West Java, Indonesia.)---Summarizes all records of every species of land bird on each of the main islands, correcting previous Checklist (Marle & Voous 1988, BOU Checklist No. 10) and adding new records.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{C328} Holmes, D. A. 1995. Additions to the avifauna of Pulau Alor, Nusatenggara [Indonesia]. Kukila 7: 155--157. (P.O. Box 310, Bogor 16003, West Java, Indonesia.)---18 new species, notably Rallina fasciata, Cecropus nigricans, Brachypteryx leucophrys.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{C328} Holmes, D. A. 1996. Sumatra bird report. Kukila 8: 9--65. (P.O. Box 310, Bogor 16003, West Java, Indonesia.)---All new records by various authors, 1987--1995, that add to Marle & Voous (1988, BOU Checklist No. 10).---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{C328} Holmes, D. A. 1997. Kalimantan Bird Report 2. Kukila 9: 141--169. (P.O. Box 310, Bogor 16003, West Java, Indonesia.)---Data additional to 1987 report by Holmes & Burton (Kukila 3: 2--32), up to middle of 1997.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{C328} Holmes, D. A., & Yus Rusila Noor. 1995. Discovery of waterfowl colonies in North Lampung, Sumatra. Kukila 7: 121--128. (P.O. Box 310, Bogor 16003, West Java, Indonesia.)---At least 2 important waterbird breeding colonies on the Tulang Bawang River and back swamps recommended for Nature Reserve status and a larger area as a game reserve. Populations of Cairina scutulata and Nettapus coromandelianus have declined greatly; propose to classify as Threatened in Indonesia.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{C328} Hood, I. 1995. A sighting of Storm's Stork at Danau Sentarum, West Kalimantan. Kukila 7: 157--158. (Percy Fitzpatrick Inst. African Ornithol., Univ. Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700, Cape Town, South Africa.)---Three sightings of Ciconia stormi, 1993--994. First published record for West Kalimantan.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{C328} Indrawan, M., et al. 1997. Records of Black-capped Kingfisher in Java. Kukila 9: 173--174. (Yayasan Bina Sains Indonesia, Jalan Tanah Baru Raya 98, P.O. Box 103, Depok 16401, Indonesia.)---Halcyon pileata. {ROL #78}

{C328} Indrawan, M., S. van Balen, & Uday Udaya. 1997. Counts and locations of waterbirds in two protected areas in East Java. Kukila 9: 174--176. (Yayasan Bina Sains Indonesia, Jalan Tanah Baru Raya 98, P.O. Box 103, Depok 16401, Indonesia.)---29 species, including Ciconia episcopus and Leptoptilos javanicus.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{C328} Indrawan, M., Y. Masala, & L. Pesik. 1997. Recent observations from the Banggai Islands [Indonesia]. Kukila 9: 61--70. (Yayasan Bina Sains Indonesia, Jalan Tanah Baru Raya 98, P.O. Box 103, Depok 16401, Indonesia.)---Observations incidental to study from 9 Oct.---9 Dec. 1991 of Megapodius bernsteinii.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{C328} Lambert, F. R. 1994. Notes on the avifauna of Bacan, Kasiruta and Obi, North Moluccas. Kukila 7: 1--9. (IUCN, 219c Huntington Rd., Cambridge CB3 0DL, UK.)---During field work on Cacatua alba, Lorius garrulus and Eos squamata, a month spent on Bacan, 4 days on Kasiruta and a month on Obi. Gives distributions, altitudinal and biological data additional to or contradictory to those of White & Bruce (1996).---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{C328} Lim Kim Seng. 1997. Further notes on the avifauna of the Riau Archipelago [Indonesia]. Kukila 9: 74--77. (Block 14 Eunos Cres., #02-2809, Singapore 400014.) {ROL #78}

{C328} Linsley, M. D. 1995. Some bird records from Obi, Maluku [North Moluccas]. Kukila 7: 142-151. (Sch. Biol. & Earth Sci., Liverpool John Moores Univ., Byrom St., Liverpool L3 3AF, UK.)---65 species recorded, 9 for first time, 11--23 Dec. 1989 in agricultural and forested areas of NW Obi.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{C328} Mason, V. 1996. Baillon's Crake, a new species for Bali. Kukila 8: 157--158. (Bali Bird Club, P.O. Box 400, Denpasar 80001, Bali.)---Porzana pusilla. {ROL #78}

{C328} Moores, L. C., C. Healey, & S. van Balen. 1996. Additions to the avifauna of the Banda Islands, Maluku [Indonesia]. Kukila 8: 127--131. (38 Devizes Rd., Old Town, Swindon SN1 4BG, UK.)---32 species not previously recorded, mostly migrant seabirds.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{C328} Noske, R. 1994. Shining Bronze Cuckoo [sic] and Channel-billed Cuckoo: first records for Timor. Kukila 7: 68--69. (Sci. Fac., Northern Territory Univ., P.O. Box 40146, Casuarina, NT 0811, Australia.)---Chrysococcyx lucidus, Scythrops novaehollandiae. {ROL #78}

{C328} Noske, R., & K. Ueda. 1996. First record of Cinnamon Bittern for Timor. Kukila 8: 158--159. (Sci. Fac., Northern Territory Univ., P.O. Box 40146, Casuarina, NT 0811, Australia.)---Ixobrychus cinnamomeus. {ROL #78}

{C328} Parrott, S., & P. Andrew. 1996. An annotated checklist of the birds of Way Kambas National Park, Sumatra. Kukila 8: 57--85. (PA: P.O. Box 153, North Sydney, NSW 2060, Australia.) {ROL #78}

{C328} Poulsen, M., & P. Jepson. 1996. Status of the Salmon-crested Cockatoo and Red Lory on Ambon Island, Maluku [Indonesia]. Kukila 8: 159--160. (Birdlife Internatl. Indonesia Programme, P.O. Box 310, Bogor, Indonesia.)---Cacatua moluccensis, Eos bornea; confirms that both species occur on Ambon.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{C328} Rajathurai, S. 1996. The birds of Batam and Bintan Islands, Riau Archipelago [Indonesia]. Kukila 8: 86--113. (Block 127, Tampines St. 11 #09--444, Singapore 1852.)---Indonesian islands between Singapore and Sumatra.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{C328} Riley, J. 1997. The birds of Sangihe and Talaud, North Sulawesi. Kukila 9: 3--36. (2 Archway Cottages, off Main St., North Sunderland, Seahouses, Northumberland NE68 7TZ, UK.)---Details of 126 species recorded 24 Aug.---31 Oct. 1995.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{C328} Saitou, M. 1994. [Species composition and seasonal fluctuation in numbers of waterbirds at the Olango Wildlife Sanctuary, Philippines.] Strix 13: 143--153. (B39-101, 2-1, Shinsenri Minamimachi, Toyonaka, Osaka 565, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C328} Sozer, R., & A. J. W. J. van der Heijden. 1997. An overview of the distribution, status and behavioural ecology of the White-shouldered Ibis in East Kalimantan. Kukila 9: 126--140. (c/o Kukila, P.O. Box 310, Bogor 16003, West Java, Indonesia.)---Pseudibis davisoni. {ROL #78}

{C328} Stones, A. J., et al. 1997. Checklist of the birds of the Sula Islands (1991), with particular reference to Taliabu [Maluku, Indonesia]. Kukila 9: 37--55. (32 Hill St., Norwich, Norfolk NR2 2DT, UK.)---152 species recorded Sept.---Oct. 1991 on rarely visited islands midway between Sulawesi and Moluccas faunal regions. Many endemics.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{C328} Stones, A. J., N. A. J. Bean, & S. van Balen. 1997. Black-faced Bunting Emberiza spodocephala on Taliabu Island: the first record for Indonesia. Kukila 9: 56--57. (32 Hill St., Norwich, Norfolk NR2 2DT, UK.) {ROL #78}

{C328} Thiollay, J.-M. 1996. The raptor community of Nias Island, Sumatra: survey and conservation. Kukila 8: 113--116. (C. N. R. S -URA 258, Lab. d'Ecol., E. N. S. 46 Rue d'Ulm, 755230 Paris Cedex 05, France.)---7 species of Falconiformes including 3 hawk-eagles, Spizaetus alboniger (last confirmed 1886), Spizaetus nanus (presumed extinct), and Spizaetus cirrhatus, a new record for the island, found July 1992. All endangered due to extensive deforestation.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{C328} van Balen, S. 1996. Notes on the occurrence of the Little Curlew in Indonesia. Kukila 8: 136--141. (P.O. Box 310, Bogor 16003, West Java, Indonesia.)---Status of Numenius minutus west of New Guinea and lists of occurrences.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{C328} van Balen, S. 1996. Note on observations of Abbott's Booby in the Banda Sea. Kukila 8: 145--146. (P.O. Box 310, Bogor 16003, West Java, Indonesia.)---Sula abbotti. {ROL #78}

{C328} van Balen, S. 1997. Faunistic notes from Kayan Mentarang, with new records for Kalimantan. Kukila 9: 108--113. (Dept. Terr. Ecol. & Nat. Cons., Wageningen Agric. Univ., Bornsesteeg 69, 6708 PD, Wageningen, Netherlands.)---17 new species for Kalimantan reported or confirmed from surveys Jan.---Feb. 1992, Aug.---Sept. 1993 and Mar.---Apr. 1996.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{C328} van Balen, S. 1997. Red-collared Dove in Java. Kukila 9: 170--171. (Dept. Terr. Ecol. & Nat. Cons., Wageningen Agric. Univ., Bornsesteeg 69, 6708 PD, Wageningen, Netherlands.)---Streptopelia tranquebarica. {ROL #78}

{C328} van Balen, S., & S. Aspinall. 1996. First record of Grey-streaked Flycatcher in Kalimantan. Kukila 8: 142--144. (P.O. Box 310, Bogor 16003, West Java, Indonesia.)---Muscicapa griseisticta. {ROL #78}

{C328} van Balen, S., & C. Prentice. 1997. Birds of the Negara River Basin, South Kalimantan, Indonesia. Kukila 9: 81--107. (Dept. Terr. Ecol. & Nat. Cons., Wageningen Agric. Univ., Bornsesteeg 69, 6708 PD, Wageningen, Netherlands.)---A survey of wetlands found fewer than 150 spp. following logging, reclamation for agriculture and hunting over previous 10 years.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{C330} Aguirre, J., & H. Seeger. 1998. Registro del Playero de patas largas (Calidris himantopus), en la zona central de Chile. Bol. Chil. Ornitol. 5: 32--33.---A single Stilt Sandpiper in breeding plumage seen on 3 May 1998 at the mouth of Estero Cartagena, V Region.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C330} Albuquerque, J. L. B. 1996. A avifauna do parque estadual da serra do Tabuleiro Santa Catarina, Brasil e as implicacoes para su conservacao. [The avifauna of the Parque Estadual da Serra de Tabuleiro Santa Catarina, Brazil and the implications for its conservation.] Acta Biol. Leopoldensia 18(1): 47--68. (Dept. Genetica, Univ. Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, C.P.15053, 91506-970 Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.)---209 species are recorded, 80% inhabit secondary growth.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{C330} Albuquerque, E. 1996. Comunicacao sobre a ocorrencia do Peixefrito-pavonino, Dromococcyx pavoninus Pelzeln, 1870, no Rio Grande do Sul Brasil. [Occurrence of Dromococcyx pavoninus at Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil.] Acta Biol. Leopoldensia 18(1): 165--166. (Sect. Ornitología, Museu de Ciencias Naturais, Fundacao Zoobotanica do Rio Grande do Sul-FZB Rua Salvador Franca 1427, 90690-000 porto alegre RS, Brasil.)---Widespread species in South America.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{C330} Anjos, L., & A. R. J. Ferreira. 1998. Registros de campo de Hylocharis sapphirina e H. cyanus na regiao de Londrina, norte do Estado do Parana, sul do Brasil (Trochiliformes: Trochilidae). [Field records of Hylocharis sapphirina and Hylocharis cyanus in the Londrina region, north of Parana State, southern Brazil]. Ararajuba, Rev. Bras. Ornitol. 6: 51. (No address available.) {ROL #78}

{C330} Anjos, L., dos & K.-L. Schuchmann. 1997. Biogeographical affinities of the avifauna of the Tibagi river basin, Parana Drainage system, southern Brazil. Ecotropica 3: 43--66. (No address available.) {ROL #78}

{C330} Babarskas, M., & P. Flombaun. 1998. Nuevos registros de aves para la provincia de Chubut, Argentina. [New records of birds for Chubut, Argentina.] Nuestras Aves 38: 13--14. (No address available.)---Charadrius collaris, Phytotoma rutila, Progne elegans. {ROL #78}

{C330} Bagno, M. A., & F. H. G. Rodrigues. 1998. Novos registros de especies de aves para o Estado de Goias. [New records of bird species for Goias State, Brazil.] Ararajuba, Rev. Bras. Ornitol. 6: 64--65. (No address available.) {ROL #78}

{C330} Belenguer, C., & S. M. Zalba. 1997. [First record of a Black Vulture (Coragyps atratus) nesting in Buenos Aires Province.] El Hornero 14(4): 247--248. (No address available.) {ROL #78}

{C330} Bencke, G. 1996. Annotated list of birds of Monte Alverne, Central Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Acta Biol. Leopoldensia 18(1): 17--42. (Dept. de Zoologia, Univ. Estadual Paulista-UNESP, C.P. 199, 13506-900 Rio Claro, SP, Brasil).---Many species are restricted to patches of primary vegetation.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{C330} Bencke, G. A., & H. C. Z. Grillo. 1995. Range expansion of the Pale-breasted Thrush Turdus leucomelas (Aves: Turdidae) in Rio Grande do Sul Brazil. Iheringia ser. Zool. 79: 175--176. (Dept. Zoologia, Univ. Estadual Paulista, Cx. Postal 199, CEP 13506-900 Rio Claro Sao Paulo, Brasil). {ROL #78}

{C330} Bernal, M., et al. 1998. Registro de Pato silbon de ala blanca (Dendrocygna autumnalis) en Chile Central. Bol. Chil. Ornitol. 5: 29--30. (EM: mbernal@uv.cl)---A single White-winged Whistling-Duck seen on 17 Feb 1998 at Reserva Nacional Lago Peduelas, V Region.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C330} Bertelli, S., et al. 1997. [Second record of Colibri thalassinus for Argentina.] El Hornero 14(4): 269. (No address available.)---Green Violetear. {ROL #78}

{C330} Blendinguer, P. G. 1998. Registros de aves poco frecuentes en la Argentina y sector Antarctico Argentino. Nuestras Aves 38: 5--8. (No address available.)---Observations of 37 seldom-seen species, with a gazetteer.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C330} Bodrati, A., G. Bodrati, & C. A. Ferrari. 1997. Presencia del Ati (Phaetusa simplex) en la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina. Nuestras Aves 37: 6--7. (No address available.)---Recent reports of Large-billed Terns in Buenos Aires.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C330} Bodrati, A., et al. 1997. Notas sobre la avifauna del Baradero, Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina. Nuestras Aves 37: 2--4. (No address available.)---Rhynchotus rufescens, Anhinga anhinga, Accipiter striatus, Actitis macularia, Piaya cayana, Upucerthia certhioides, Syndactyla rufosuperciliata, Hemitriccus margaritaceivente, Elaenia spectabilis, Myiarchus swainsoni, Xenopsaris albinucha, Sporophila ruficollis, Cyanocompsa cyanea and Cyanoloxia glaucocaerulea all rare or seldom recorded in Buenos Aires, but found to be common or sustaining small populations in Baradero.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C330} Bodrati, A., C. Henschke, & C. Nardini. 1997. Nuevas citas del genero Sporophila para Buenos Aires, Argentina. Nuestras Aves 37: 5. (No address available.)---Sporophila hypochroma, Sporophila cinnamomea, Sporophila ruficollis, and Sporophila hypoxantha, in Buenos Aires.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C330} Bornschein, M. R., B. L. Reinert, & M. Pichorim. 1997. Notas sobre algunas aves novas ou pouco conhecidas no sul do Brasil. [Notes on some new or little known birds in southern Brazil]. Ararajuba, Rev. Bras. Ornitol. 5: 53--59. (EM: mbr@bbs2.sul.com.br) {ROL #78}

{C330} Casanas, H. E. 1997. [Hellmayr's Pipit in Cordoba Province, Argentina.] El Hornero 14(4): 270--273. (No address available.)---Anthus hellmayri. {ROL #78}

{C330} Casanas, H., & R. Cargnelutti. 1997. Registro del Maca Gris (Podiceps dominicus) en la Provincia de Cordoba, Argentina. Nuestras Aves 37: 6. (No address available.)---First record of Least Grebe in Cordoba.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C330} Cuadros, T. 1993. [Sibley & Ahlquist´s phylogeny applied to Colombian birds.] Bol. SAO (Soc. Ornitol. Antioquia) 4(7): 13--16. (c/o SAO, A.A. 60010, Medellin, Colombia.)---Comments on the new DNA-based classification of the Colombian avifauna. (Spanish)---W.H.W. {ROL #78}

{C330} Di Giacomo, A. G. 1998. [First record of Emberizoides ypiranganus for Formosa province, Argentina, and first description of its nest and eggs.] El Hornero 15(1): 51--52. (No address available.)---A common resident of El Bagual Reserve; one nest described.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C330} Di Giacomo, A. G., et al. 1997. [New records of Catamblyrhynchus diadema for Northwestern Argentina.] El Hornero 14(4): 264--266. (No address available.) {ROL #78}

{C330} Di Giacomo, A. G. 1997. [First Argentinian record of the nest of Botaurus pinnatus.] El Hornero 14(4): 262--263. (No address available.) {ROL #78}

{C330} Espinoza G., L. A. 1998. Censo neotropical de aves acuaticas 1997. Bol. Chil. Ornitol. 5: 34--40. (No address available.)---Chilean census of waterbirds, the first in several years.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C330} Gonnet, J. M., & P. G. Blendinguer. 1998. [New distributional records for the Crowned Eagle (Harpyhaliaetus coronatus) in western Argentina.] El Hornero. 15(1): 39--42. (No address available.)---15 new distributional records and a proposed priority area for ecological research on the species.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C330} Gonzalez, O., L. Pautrat, & J. Gonzalez. 1998. Las Aves mas comunes de Lima y alrededores. Grupo Aves del Peru (GAP). Editorial Santillana. 159 p. (No address available.)---Photo-illustrated guide to the common and attractive birds (98 species selected) of Lima, Peru and its surroundings, intended to promote birdwatching by the residents.---O.G. {ROL #78}

{C330} Gonzalez, O. 1998. Nombres ashaninkas de las aves en la Cordillera el Sira. Bol. Lima 111: 43--53. (No address available.)---Native names in the Ashaninka language of 173 bird species whose presence in the Cerros del Sira {Peru) have been confirmed up to 80% by other researchers in the area.---O.G. {ROL #78}

{C330} Haene, E. H. 1997. El Comesebo Cabeza Negra (Phrygilus atriceps) en la Provincia de San Juan, Argentina. Nuestras Aves 37: 7. (No address available.)---Black-hooded Sierra-Finch in El Leoncito, first for San Juan.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C330} Isacch, J. P., & E. H. Chiurla. 1997. [Observations on pelagic seabirds at SE Buenos Aires, Argentina.] El Hornero 14(4): 253--254. (No address available.)---11 species recorded from the shore or as corpses on the beach.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C330} Isacch, J. P., & S. Bachmann. 1997. Hallazgo del Prion Pico Ancho (Pachyptila desolata) en la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina. Nuestras Aves 37: 1. (No address available.)---Antarctic Prion found dead near Miramar.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C330} Lago P., C. 1996. Notas sobre a ocorrencia e distribuicao de Eudocimus ruber (L., 1758) (Aves, Threskiornithidae) no Estado de Sao Paulo, Brasil. [Notes on the occurrence and distribution of Eudocimus ruber for Sao Paulo State, Brazil.] Acta Biol. Leopoldensia 16(2): 119--124. (Dept. de Zoologia, Instituto de Biologia, UNICAMP, C.P. 91 Piracicaba, SP, 13400-970, Brasil.)---Several groups were observed foraging and nesting, from 1989 to 1993.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{C330} Leveau, L., & C. Leveau. 1998. Visitantes invernales en el partido de Benito Juarez, provincia de Buenos Aires. [Wintering visitors in Benito Juarez, Buenos Aires, Argentina.] Nuestras Aves 38: 11--12. (No address available.)---Theristicus melanopis, Buteo polyosoma, Agriornis murina, Muscisaxicola macloviana, Xolmis irupero, Mimus triurus. {ROL #78}

{C330} Luciano, D. 1998. Nuevas observaciones de la Monjita Castana (Neoxolmis rubetra) en la provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina. Nuestras Aves 38: 8--9. (No address available.)---Rusty-backed Monjita. {ROL #78}

{C330} Maceda, J. J., M. S. Kim, & F. Tittarelli. 1997. Nuevos registros de aves para la Provincia de La Pampa, Argentina. Nuestras Aves 37: 4--5. (No address available.)---Synallaxis frontalis, Polystictus pectoralis, Geothlypis aequinoctialis and Parula pitiayumi, new in La Pampa.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C330} Machado, R. B., S. E. Rigueira, & L. V. Lins. 1998. Expansao geografica do canario-rabudo (Embernagra longicauda---Aves, Emberizidae) em Minas Gerais. [Geographical expansion of the Pale-throated Sierrafinch in Minas Gerais.] Ararajuba, Rev. Bras. Ornitol. 6: 42-45. (No address available.) {ROL #78}

{C330} Mahler, J. K., et al. 1996. Lista comentada das especies de aves da estacao ecologica do Taim, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. [Annotated list of the birds of Taim Ecological Station, Rio Grande do Sul Brasil.] Acta Biol. Leopoldensia 18(1): 69--103. (Centro de Zoologia Aplicada, Univ. Nac. Cordova, Argentina.)---220 species are recorded, with notes on nests and status.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{C330} Mahler, J. K. 1996. Contribuicao ao conhecimiento da avifauna do Parque Estadual do Turvo Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. [Contribution to the knowledge of the avifauna of Turvo State Park, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.] Acta Biol. Leopoldensia 18(1): 123--128. (Parque Estadual do Turvo, 98528-000 Derrubadas, RS, Rua Comendador Albino Cunha, 251, 91040-040 Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.)---29 new species recorded for the area.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{C330} Martinez, C. 1998. Ocorrencia reprodutiva do gaviaozinho, Gampsonyx swainsonii (Aves: Accipitridae) em Sao Luis, Maranhao. [Occurrence of the breeding Pearl Kite in Sao Luis, Maranhao, Brazil.] Ararajuba, Rev. Bras. Ornitol. 6: 58--59. (No address available.) {ROL #78}

{C330} Matarazzo N., W. M. 1992. Avifauna urbana de dois municipio da grande Sao Paulo, SP (Brasil). [Urban birds from the outskirts of the Sao Paulo metropolis, SP (Brasil).] Acta Biol. Paranaense 21: 89--106. (Dept. Zoologia, Inst. Biociencias, USP Rua do Matao, Travessa 14, No. 321 Sao Paulo Brasil.)---Resident insectivores and gregarious omnivores predominate.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{C330} Mazar Barnett, J., & J. R. Navas. 1998. [First record of the Pink-footed Shearwater Puffinus creatopus on Argentine coasts.] El Hornero 15(1): 43--44. (No address available.)---A mislabeled specimen housed at Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales proved to be this species, first record for the Atlantic Ocean.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C330} Mazar Barnett, J., G. D. Pugnali, & M. della Seta. 1998. [First record of the Giant Conebill Oreomanes fraseri for Argentina.] El Hornero 15(1): 44--46. (No address available.)---Seen in Salta Province.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C330} Moraes, V. 1991. Avifauna da Ilha do Mel, Litoral do Parana [Brasil [Avifauna of Ilha do Mel, Parana Coast. (Brazil).] Arq. Biol. Tecnol. 34(2): 195--205. (Dept. Zool.-UFPR- Cx. Postal 19031, CEP 81.504 Curitiba, Parana, Brasil.)---Abundance and seasonality of 124 species.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{C330} Morales Z., G. 1998. [Preliminary notes on the birds of Pianguita, Municipio de Buenaventura, Colombian Pacific.] Bol. SAO (Soc. Ornitol. Antioquia) 9: 30--37. (Apdo. Aereo 25360, Cali, Colombia.)---32 species. (Spanish).---D.A.W. {ROL #78}

{C330} Navas, J. R., & N. A. Bo. 1997. [The distribution of the subspecies of Thinocorus rumicivorus and Thinocorus orbignyianus in the provinces of San Juan and Mendoza, Argentina.] El Hornero 14(4): 277--279. (No address available.) {ROL #78}

{C330} Navas, J. R., & N. A. Bo. 1998. [The geographical distribution of the subspecies of Lophonetta specularioides and Merganetta armata (Anatidae) in the provinces of Mendoza and San Juan, Argentina.] El Hornero 15(1): 57--59. (No address available.)---Mendoza specimens of Crested Duck (Lophonetta = Anas) seem intermediate between specularioides and alticola; distribution of the Torrent Duck is extended some 320 km northwards to San Juan, based on specimens in the Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C330} Obando, C. M., et al. 1998. Inventario de la diversidad ornitologica de Caucato, Pisco durante 1997. Ecologia, Revista de la Asociacion Peruana de Ecologia 1(1): 72--78. (No address available.)---Checklist of birds seen during a survey of a wetland near the mouth of the Pisco River, one of the most important in the western coast of South America.--- O.G. {ROL #78}

{C330} Ordano, M. 1998. Presencia de la Calandrita (Stigmatura budytoides) en Formosa, Argentina. [Occurrence of Stigmatura budytoides in Formosa, Argentina]. Nuestras Aves 38: 13. (No address available.)---Greater Wagtail Tyrant. {ROL #78}

{C330} Oren, C. 1991. Aves do Estado do Maranhao, Brasil. Goeldiana Zoologia (9): 1--55. (Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Dept. Zoologia, C.P. 399, 66040 Belem, PA, Brasil.)---The State of Maranhao contains 40% of the Brazilian avifauna.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{C330} Oren, D., & J. M. Cardoso da Silva. 1990. Resultados de uma excursao ornitologica a ilha de Maraca, Roraima, Brasil. Goeldiana Zoologia (5): 1--8. (Museo Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Dept. de Zoologia, C. P. 399, 66040 Belem, PA, Brasil.)---White-naped Xenopsaris, Xenopsaris albinucha minor, first record for Brazil.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{C330} Oren, D. 1990. New and reconfirmed bird records from the State of Maranhao, Brazil. Goeldiana Zoologia (4): 1--13. (Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Dept. de Zoologia, C.P. 399, 66040, Belem, Para, Brasil.)---Increase of 70 species, 52 by capture and 18 visually.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{C330} Pavez, E. F., & C. A. Gonzalez. 1998. Registro de nidificacion de Peuquito (Accipiter chilensis) en la Region Metropolitana. [Nesting of the Bicolored Hawk in the metropolitan area {Chile}.] Bol. Chil. Ornitol. 5: 27--28. (EM: sntep@dames.com) {ROL #78}

{C330} Peris, S. J. 1997. Distribution of birds on eastern and western slopes of the Sierra Aconquija in the northwestern Argentine Andes. Stud. Neotrop. Faun. & Environ. 32: 135--141. (No address available.) {ROL #78}

{C330} Petracci, P. F., & C. H. F. Perez. 1997. [First record of South American Terns Sterna hirundinacea breeding in a riverine environment (Rio Negro, Argentina).] El Hornero 14(4): 267--268. (No address available.)---11 nests found 45 km upstream from the mouth of the Rio Negro.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C330} Piacentini, H., & P. Acerbo. 1998. Presencia del Alilicucu Comun (Otus choliba) en la provincia de Rio Negro, Argentina. [Occurrence of Otus choliba in Rio Negro, Argentina.] Nuestras Aves 38: 12. (No address available.)---Tropical Screech Owl. {ROL #78}

{C330} Pichonim, M., & R. Bacon. 1996. Estudo da composicao avifaunistica dos municipios de Rio Azul e Mallet, Parana, Brasil. [Study of the avifauna composition of the Municipalities of Rio Azul and Mallet, Parana State, Southern Brazil.] Acta Biol. Leopoldensia 18(1): 129--144. (Museu de Historia Natural Capao da Imbuia, Rua Benedito Conceicao, 407, 82810080 Curitiba, PR, Brasil.)---List 169 species and 41 families, plus notes on foraging habits.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{C330} Ponce, M. A., J. Brandon & M. E. Ponce. 1996. Composicion, distribucion espacial y variacion estacional de la avifauna de los Llanos surorientales del Estado Guarico, Venezuela. [Composition, spatial distribution and seasonal variation of the bird fauna in Llanos Surorientales, Guaric, Venezuela.] Ecotropicos 9(1): 9--20. (No address available.) {ROL #78}

{C330} Ramirez, G. R., & J. C. Arias. 1997. [Avifauna bordering Mocagua island.] Bol. SAO (Soc. Ornitol. Antioquia) 8(14--15): 62--64. (c/o SAO, A.A. 10060, Medellin, Colombia.)---Birds on the border of Mocagua island, Amazonas, Colombia. (Spanish).---W.H.W. {ROL #78}

{C330} Ricardo R., J. J., et al. 1996. Avifauna de bosques primarios templados en islas deshabitadas del Archipielago de Chiloe, Chile. [Avifauna of primary temperate forest of uninhabitated islands of Chiloe Archipielago, Chile.] Rev. Chilena Hist. Nat. 69: 125--139. (Lab. de Sistemática y Ecología vegetal, Fac. de Ciencias, Univ. de Chile, Casilla 653, Santiago, Chile.)---Community structure, habitat use, and feeding.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{C330} Rojas-R., R., et al. 1997. Primeros registros para Colombia de cuatro taxones de la familia Tyrannidae (Aves: Passeriformes). [First records for Colombia of four tyrant-flycatchers.] Caldasia 19: 523--526. (No address available.) {ROL #78}

{C330} Rubio C., M. 1998. Nidificacion de Pato gargantillo (Anas bahamensis) en la Region Metropolitana [Chile]. Bol. Chil. Ornitol. 5: 30--31. (No address available.)---Nesting record of Bahama Pintail. {ROL #78}

{C330} Scherer N., P. 1996. Avifauna e conservacao dos campos cerrados no estado do Parana (Brasil). [Avifauna and conservation of the campos cerrados in the state of Parana (Southern Brazil).] Acta Biol. Leopoldensia 18(1): 145--147. (Secao de Ornitologia, Museu de Historia Natural Capao da Imbuia, Rua Benedito Conceicao, 407, 82810-080 Curitiba, PR, Brasil.)---Cyanocorax cristatellus, Neothraupis fasciata, endemic species.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{C330} Serracin, R. A., & F. Romero. 1998. Nuevos registros de aves para la provincia de La Pampa, Argentina. Nuestras Aves 38: 9--10. (No address available.)---Phimosus infuscatus, Dendrocygna bicolor, Rostrhamus sociabilis, Accipiter erythronemius, Geothlypis aequinoctialis and Agelaius ruficapillus.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C330} Silva e Silva, R., & F. Olmos. 1997. Parabuteo unicinctus (Falconiformes: Accipitridae) na Baixada Santista, litoral de Sao Paulo, Brasil. [Harris' Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus in the Baixada Santista, Sao Paulo State coast, Brazil.] Ararajuba, Rev. Bras. Ornitol. 5: 76--79. (R. Sao Jose 48 apto. 31, 11040-220, Santos, SP- Brasil.) {ROL #78}

{C330} St. Pierre, P., & Davies, M. 1998. Observaciones ornitologicas en el Monumento Natural Laguna de los Cisnes, Tierra del Fuego: Nuevo registro de Pimpollo Tobiano (Podiceps gallardoi) en Chile. [New record of Podiceps gallardoi in Chile.] Bol. Chil. Ornitol. 5: 28--29. (No address available.)---A single Hooded Grebe seen within a group of 2200 Silvery Grebes at Monumento Natural Laguna de los Cisnes, Porvenir, XII Regin.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C330} Tabildo-Valdivieso, J. R., & M. Mondaca. 1998. Avifauna de la Laguna de Punta de Teatinos y ecosistemas adyacentes, Bahia de Coquimbo, Chile. Bol. Chil. Ornitol. 5: 2--9. (No address available.)---130 species, coded list, conservation.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C330} Tampson, V. E. 1996. Notas complementarias sobre a presenca do Bacurau-Norteamericano, Chordeiles minor Foster, 1771 (Caprimulgidae), no Morro do Espelho, Sao Leopoldo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. [Complementary notes on the presence of the Common Nighthawk on Morro do Espelho Sao Leopoldo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.] Acta Biol. Leopoldensia 18(1): 158--164. (no address.)---Seasonal migrant from North America.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{C330} Toledo M., J. 1998. Observacion de Ave del tropico de cola roja (Phaethon rubricauda) en el Estero Tongoy, Region de Coquimbo (Chile). Bol. Chil. Ornitol. 5: 31--32. (No address available.)---An adult Red-tailed Tropicbird photographed 27 Jan 1998 at Estero Tongoy, IV Region.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C330} Torres-Mura, J. C. 1998. Los canasteros (Furnariidae) de Tarapac (I Region): confirmacion de Asthenes pudibunda en Chile. Bol. Chil. Ornitol. 5: 24--27. (EM: jtorres@mnhn.cl)---First chronological record of Canyon Canastero and the first confirmed reports in Chile.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C330} Velasquez, V. 1995. Situacion actual de la avifauna del valle de Ica. Bol. Lima 100: 195--202. (No address available.)---List of 78 bird species found in Ica Valley (southwest Peru) in a 4-year survey, with notes on habitats and habitat use.---O.G. {ROL #78}

{C330} Velasquez, M. P. 1992. [Avifauna seen in Llanos of Yari, Colombia] Bol. SAO (Soc. Ornitol. Antioquia) 3(6): 19--25. (c/o SAO, A.A. 60010, Medellin, Colombia.)---First records of the avifauna in the Llanos del Yari, Colombian Amazonia, Caqueta/Meta. (Spanish).---W.H.W. {ROL #78}

{C330} Velez E., J. H., & J. I. Velazquez T. 1998. [Birds of the Municipio de Manizales and adjacent areas {Colombia}.] Bol. SAO (Soc. Ornitol. Antioquia) 9: 38--60. (Museo de Historia Natural, Univ. de Caldas, Apdo. Aereo 275, Caldas, Colombia.)---322 species. (Spanish).---D.A.W. {ROL #78}

{C330} von Mayer, A., & C. von Mayer. 1998. Observacion de Chorlo Dorado (Pluvialis dominica) en Coihuin, provincia de Llanquihue, X Region. Bol. Chil. Ornitol. 5: 33--34.---American Golden-Plover. {ROL #78}

{C330} Vuilleumier, F. 1994. Nidificación y status de Phrygilus fruticeti (Aves: Emberizidae) en la Patagonia Chilena: ¿Un ejemplo del fenomeno de límite de la especie? [Breeding and status of Phrygilus fruticeti (Aves: Emberizidae) in Chilean Patagonia: an instance of the species border phenomenon?] Rev. Chilena Hist. Nat. 67: 299--307. (Dept. Ornithol., Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., Central Park West at 79th Street New York, NY 10024, USA.)---The Mourning Sierra Finch occurs occasionally in the region.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{C330} Zelaya, D. 1998. Avistaje de la Catita Cabeza Roja (Pionopsitta pileata) en la ciudad de Buenos Aires. Nuestras Aves 38: 9. (No address available.)---An escaped Red-capped Parrot.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C700} ffrench, R. P. 1997. A review of the ornithology of Trinidad and Tobago 1950--1985. J. Trinidad & Tobago Field Nat. Club 1997: 3--7. (Toftingal, Laurieston Road, Gatehouse of Fleet, DG7 2BE, UK.)---Collections, major studies, research projects, bibliography.---R.P.ff. {ROL #78}

{C700} Remsen, Jr., J. V., J. A. Kushlan, & B. A. Loiselle. 1998. History and tradition, or contemporary ornithology? Why ornithological journals should not have bird names. Auk 115: 252--253. (Mus. Nat. Sci., Foster Hall 119, Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA; EM: najames@unix1.sncc.lsu.edu)---The name of The Auk should be changed because it indicates neither journal's contents nor quality.---G.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C700} Woolfenden, G. E., J. P. Hailman, & W. E. Lanyon. 1998. Keep "The Auk" alive and flying. Auk 115: 254--255. (Archbold Biol. Stn., Lake Placid, FL 33852, USA; EM: birdlab@strato.net)---Do not change journal name.---C.A.H. {ROL #78}

{C702} Johnsgard, P. A. 1998. Addendum to the G. M. Sutton bibliography. Nebraska Bird Rev. 66: 3--4. (Sch. Biol. Sci., Univ. Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68588-0118, USA.)---8 titles additional to those published in Nebraska Bird Rev. 65: 46--58.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C702} Morrison, M. L., et al. 1997. Literature on wildlife research in the Madrean Archipelago: 1800s--1994. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-290. (Order from Rocky Mtn. Forest & Range Exp. Stn.: 3825 E. Mulberry St., Fort Collins, CO 80524, USA.)---Abstracts or comments on 514 retrieved publications on avifauna of southern Arizona, southern New Mexico, and northern Mexico.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{C702} Pacheco, J. F. 1997. Bibliografia recente da ornitologia brasileira. [Recent bibliography of Brazilian ornithology.] Ararajuba, Rev. Bras. Ornitol. 5: 80--86. (EM: jfpcbc@ax.apc.org) {ROL #78}

{C702} Pacheco, J. F & R. Laps. 1998. Bibliografia recente da ornitologia brasileira. [Recent literature about Brazilian Ornithology.] Ararajuba, Rev. Bras. Ornitol. 6: 66--70. (No address available.) {ROL #78}

{C702} Schackelford, C. E. 1998. A compilation of published records of the Ivory-billed Woodpecker in Texas: voucher specimens versus sight records. Bull. Texas Ornithol. Soc. 31: 34--41. (Texas Parks & Wildl. Dept., 4200 Smith School Rd., Austin, TX 78744, USA.)---Campephilus principalis. {ROL #78}

{C702} Zingo, J. M. 1998. Connecticut ornithological literature. Connecticut Warbler 18: 143--145. (Dept. For. Wildl. Manage., Univ. Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003-4210, USA.)---Newsletters, popular and journal articles, and books, chapters and reviews 1995--1997.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C704} Anon. 1997. Dorothy Atkins Foy 1926--1998. N. Am. Bird Bander 22: 139. (No address given.) {ROL #78}

{C704} Armistead, H. T. 1997. Obituary: Claudia Phelps Wilds, 1931--1997. Raven 68: 158--162. (523 E. Durham St., Philadelphia, PA 19119-1225, USA.) {ROL #78}

{C704} Baicich, P. J., & C. Lippincott. 1999. Harold Holt and the development of the North American birdfinding guides. Birding 31: 112--113. (No address given.) {ROL #78}

{C704} Boone, J. 1996. Roger Tory Peterson---An appreciation of his field guide artistry. Maryland Birdlife 52: 119--126. (1022 Cedar Ridge Court, Annapolis, MD 21403, USA.) {ROL #78}

{C704} Cahill, J. P. 1998. Alfred John North: Portrait of an ornithologist "in justice and fairness to myself". Aust. Birds 31 (3): 57--83. (P.O. Box 7, Bardwell Park, NSW 2207, Australia.) {ROL #78}

{C704} Camargo, H. F. A. 1998. Hellmuth Pinder, o primeiro coletor e taxidermista de aves do Museu Paulista. [Helmuth Pinder, the first taxidermist and collector of birds of the Museu Paulista in Sao Paulo.] Ararajuba, Rev. Bras. Ornitol. 6: 54--57. (No address available.) {ROL #78}

{C704} Cordell, H. K., et al. 1999. The growing popularity of birding in the United States. Birding 31: 168--176. (USDA For. Serv., Southern Res. Stn., For. Sci. Lab., 320 Green St., Athens, GA 30602-2044, USA.) {ROL #78}

{C704} Jackson, G. C. 1997. Frances W. Horne-- Illustrator of Puerto Rico's plants and birds. Carib. J. Sci. 33(3--4): 125--141. (No address available.) {ROL #78}

{C704} Jackson, J. A. 1998. In Memoriam. Peter C. Petersen. N. Am. Bird Bander 23: 245--246. (Dept. Biol. Sci., Mississippi State Univ., Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA.) {ROL #78}

{C704} Johnsgard, P. A. 1998. In Memoriam: Charles G. Sibley. Nebraska Bird Rev. 66: 69--69. (Sch. Biol. Sci., Univ. Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68588-0118, USA.) {ROL #78}

{C704} Khan, R. 1993. Francis Raymond Smith (1906--1992). Br. Birds 86: 615--616. (No address given.) {ROL #78}

{C704} Perrins, C. M. 1993. Bruce Campbell OBE PhD (1912--1993). Br. Birds 86: 617--619. (No address given.) {ROL #78}

{C704} Salzman, E. 1999. Avian taxonomy and Charles G. Sibley. Birding 31: 155--156. (29 Middagh St., Brooklyn, NY 11201, USA., EM esalzman@aba.org) {ROL #78}

{C704} Simmons, K. E. L. 1992. A life for ornithology: Stanley Cramp (1913--1987). Br. Birds 85: 387--414. (66 Romway Rd., Leicester LE 5 5SB, UK.) {ROL #78}

{C706} Oren, D., & H. Albuquerque. 1991. Priority areas for new avian collections in Brazilian Amazonia. Goeldiana Zoologia 6: 1--11. (Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Dept. de Zoologia, C.P. 399, 66040 Belem, PA, Brasil.)---Propose an area of 150 km including sites in imminent danger of deforestation.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{C706} Partridge, W. H. 1997. Aves Misioneras XI. Nuestras Aves 37: 8--10. (No address available.)---Partridge's original field-notes (with comments by Juan Carlos Chebez) about Myiarchus swainsoni, Myiarchus ferox, Myiarchus sp.?, Tolmomyias sulphurescens, Ramphotrigon megacephala, Phylloscartes paulistus?, Elaenia mesoleuca, Elaenia sp.?, Elaenia obscura, Leptopogon amaurocephalus, Stelgidopteryx ruficollis, Iridoprocne [Tachycineta] albiventer, Turdus rufiventris, Turdus subalaris and Atelodacnis [Conirostrum] speciosa.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C900} Barrantes, G., & A. Pereira. 1992. Abundancia y fluctuaciones de aves limicolas (Charadriiformes) en una playa fangosa de Chomes, Costa Rica. [Abundance and seasonality of mud-flat birds (Charadriiformes) in a muddy beach at Chomes, Costa Rica.] Rev. Biol. Trop. 40: 303--308. (Escuela de Biologia, Univ. de Costa Rica, Costa Rica.)---27 species recorded over one year. Three groups were distinguished according to abundance and permanence. The number of species and individuals probably fluctuated owing to migration or movements between neighboring beaches.---S.C. {ROL #78}

{C900} Donald, P. F., & A. D. Evans. 1995. Habitat selection and population size of Corn Buntings Miliaria calandra breeding in Britain in 1993. Bird Study 42: 190--204. (BTO, The Nunnery, Thetford, Norfolk, IP24 2PU, UK.)---20,000 territories; positive association with tillage and cereals.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C900} Emison, W. B., et al. 1998. Results from a banding study of Peregrine Falcon chicks in Victoria, 1972-1997. Corella 22: 87--91. (Invert. Zool., Mus. Vic., P.O. Box 666E, Melbourne, Vic. 3001, Australia.)---60 out of 66 Falco peregrinus recoveries were of dead or injured birds with the main determinable cause being flight collisions. Females predominated in banding and recoveries, and they dispersed farther and lived longer than males.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{C900} Green, R. E., & C. R. Taylor. 1995. Changes in Stone Curlew Burhinus oedicnemus distribution and abundance and vegetation height on chalk grassland at Porton Down, Wiltshire. Bird Study 42: 177--181. (RSPB, The Lodge, Sandy, Bedfordshire, SG19 2DL, UK.) {ROL #78}

{C900} Langen, T. A., & S. L. Vehrencamp. 1998. Ecological factors affecting group and territory size in White-throated Magpie-Jays. Auk 115: 327--339. (Dept. Biol., Univ. California, 405 Hilgard Dr., Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA; EM: tlangen@ucla.edu)---Group size of Calocitta formosa and acacia (Acacia spp.) density are directly related to group breeding success; group size and number of acacia positively correlated. Territory location may be constrained by dispersion of woodland and pasture in landscape.---A.A.W. {ROL #78}

{C900} Lavers, C. P., & R. H. Haines-Young. 1996. The pattern of Dunlin Calidris alpina distribution and abundance in relation to habitat variation in the Flow Country of northern Scotland. Bird Study 43: 231--239. (Dept. Geog., Univ. Nottingham, Univ. Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK.) {ROL #78}

{C900} Ma, Y., & X. Li. 1994. The population and habitat of cranes in China's nature reserves. Pp. 141--145. in The future of cranes and wetlands (H. Higuchi & J. Minton, eds.). (Inst. Nat. Resour., 25 Haping Rd., Harbin, China.) {ROL #78}

{C900} Martinez, M. M., M. S. Bo, & J. P. Isacch. 1997. [Habitat and abundance of Speckled Crake (Coturnicops notata) and Dot-winged Crake (Porzana spiloptera) in Mar Chiquita, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina.] El Hornero 14(4): 274--277. (No address available.) {ROL #78}

{C900} Matsumura, T. 1993. [Predatory behavior and interspecific relationships of raptors in the non-breeding season in regenerated habitat.] Strix 12: 61--71. (Fukui Nat. Conserv. Ctr., Minamirakuroshi 169-11-2, Ono-shi, Fukui 912-01, Japan.)---Pandion haliaetus, Falco tinnunculus, Falco columbarius, Falco peregrinus, Haliaeetus albicilla. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C900} Milton, D. A. 1998. An assessment of the importance of the Tonda Wetlands in southwestern Papua New Guinea to shorebirds and waterbirds. Stilt 33: 27--31. (336 Prout Rd., Burbank, Qld. 4146, Australia.)---Counts and habitat preferences for 45 species show high diversity at this Ramsar site.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{C902} Nagy, L. R., & K. G. Smith. 1997. Effects of insecticide-induced reduction in lepidopteran larvae on reproductive success of Hooded Warblers. Auk 114: 619--627. (Dept. Biol., Dartmouth Coll., Hanover, NH 03755, USA.)---Application of Bacillus thuringiensis had minimal effects on reproduction of Wilsonia citrina.---G.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C902} Nuñez, L. 1995. Notas sobre el comportamiento de Pelecanus (occidentalis) thagus Molina afectados por el derrame de petroleo en aguas proximas a la refineria Conchan, Lima. Bol. Lima 100: 39-43. (No address available.)---Account of a 1995 oil spill off the coast of Lima, Peru, the environmental consequences, and the recovery of two Peruvian Pelicans that were saved and kept in captivity.---O.G. {ROL #78}

{C902} Tsuji, L. J. S., & J. D. Karagatzides. 1998. Spent lead shot in the western James Bay region of northern Ontario, Canada: soil and plant chemistry of a heavily hunted wetland. Wetlands 18: 266--271. (Dept. Biol., York Univ., North York, ON M3J 1P3, Can.)---Lead shot pellets contribute little to environmental contamination.---W.P.J. {ROL #78}

{C906} Borja A., R. A. 1998. [Bird mortality: result of El Niño or poor management of a reservoir?] Bol. SAO (Soc. Ornitol. Antioquia) 9: 21--29. (Calle 60 #43-90, Edificio Bogota-Apdo. 403, Baranquilla, Colombia.)---Drought caused by El Niño climate events facilitated concentration of sewage and other organic wastes in Guajaro Reservoir, Atlantico Prov., Colombia, ultimately causing deaths of 1732 water birds. (Spanish).---D.A.W. {ROL #78}

{C906} Bradley, M., et al. 1997. Influence of weather on breeding success of Peregrine Falcons in the Arctic. Auk 114: 786--791. (Box 390, Dept. Resour., Wildl. & Econ. Dev., Government Northwest Territories, Ft. Smith, NT X0E 0P0, Can.; EM: mark_bradley@gov.nt.ca)---High variability in breeding success of Falco peregrinus is closely associated with weather.---M.L.F. {ROL #78}

{C906} Brooker, M. G. 1998. Fire and birds in a Western Australian heathland. Emu 98: 276--287. (CSIRO Wildl. & Ecol., Private Bag PO, Wembley, WA 6014, Australia.) {ROL #78}

{C906} Chae, H. 1998. [Effects of inclement weather conditions on laying interruption and clutch size of the Russet Sparrow Passer rutilans.] Strix 16: 17--23. (Dept. For. Resour., Coll. Agric. & Life Sci., Suwan 441-744, Republic of Korea.)---The laying interruption and reduction of clutch size may be due to lower temperatures in May. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{C906} Ley, A. J. 1998. The response of waterbirds to the 1997 flood in the Narran Lake Nature Reserve, New South Wales. Aust. Bird Watcher 17: 337--341. (19 Lynches Rd., Armidale, NSW 2350, Australia.)---Annotated list of nine breeding species, substantially lower than previous year.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{C906} Mack, A. L., & et al. 1998. Effect of drought on birds at Maimafu, Eastern Highlands Province, Papua, New Guinea. Sci. New Guinea 29: 125--129. (Conserv. Internatl., c/o P.O. Box 15, Weikert, PA 17885, USA.)---Breeding and molt during drought did not significantly decrease and fat levels were actually higher than during an earlier study in non-drought years. The reduced rainfall possibly provided additional foraging opportunities for birds in an area that is normally typified by extremely heavy rains.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{C906} Oka, T., & M. Nakamura. 1998. [Avifauna on the campus of Joetsu University of Education during the non-breeding season -- the effect of snow on the bird community in an area of heavy snowfall.] Strix 16: 55--66. (Lab. Anim. Ecol., Dept. Biol., Joetsu Univ. Educ., 1 Yamayashiki-machi, Joetsu-shi, Niigata 943-8512, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C908} Arnold, K. A., & N. C. Garza, Jr. 1998. Population and habitat requirements of breeding Henslow’s Sparrows in Harris County, Texas. Bull. Texas Ornithol. Soc. 31: 42--49. (Dept. Wildl. & Fish. Sci., Texas A&M Univ., College Station, TX 77843, USA.)---Ammodramus henslowii. {ROL #78}

{C908} Breininger, D. R., et al. 1998. Linking habitat suitability to demographic success in Florida Scrub-Jays. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 26: 118--128. (DYN-2, Dynamac Corp., NASA Biomed. Operations Off., J.F. Kennedy Space Ctr., FL 32899, USA.)---A habitat suitability index was used to quantify and map habitat for Aphelocoma coerulescens.---W.P.J. {ROL #78}

{C908} Cutler, T. L., & M. L. Morrison. 1998. Habitat use by small vertebrates at two water developments in southwestern Arizona. Southwest. Nat. 43: 155--162. (Wildl. & Fish. Sci. Prog., Sch. Renewable Nat. Resour., Univ. Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721-0043, USA.)---Bird species richness and abundance were greater at site with free standing water than one without water.---J.J.D. {ROL #78}

{C908} Donald, P. F., & A. D. Evans. 1994. Habitat selection by Corn Buntings Miliaria calandra in winter. Bird Study 41: 199--210. (BTO, The Nunnery, Thetford, Norfolk IP24 2PU, UK.)---Strongly attracted to weed-rich stubble.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C908} Engstrom, R. T., & G. Mikusinksi. 1998. Ecological neighborhoods in Red-cockaded Woodpecker populations. Auk 115: 473--478. (Tall Timbers Res. Stn., Rt. 1, Box 678, Tallahassee, FL 32312, USA; EM: engstrom@bio.fsu.edu)---Picoides borealis. {ROL #78}

{C908} Er, K. B. H., T. H. Wong, & C. R. Tidemann. 1998. An analysis of the occurrence of terrestrial bird species in the Lowland Yellow Box -- Blakley’s Red Gum Woodland remnants of the Australian Capital Territory. Aust. Bird Watcher 17: 370--382. (Dept. For., Sch. Resour. Environ. Stud., Aust. Natl. Univ., Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia.)---Analysis by foraging habitat, diet and migratory status with qualitative discussion on possible effects of habitat modification.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{C908} Evans, A. D., & K. W. Smith. 1994. Habitat selection of Cirl Buntings Emberiza cirlus wintering in Britain. Bird Study 41: 81--87. (RSPB, The Lodge, Sandy, Bedfordshire SG 19 2Dl, UK.)---Prefer to forage on stubble or fallow fields.---DW. {ROL #78}

{C908} Fernandez, C., & P. Azkona. 1996. Influence of forest structure on the density and distribution of the White-backed Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos and Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius in Quinto Real [Spanish western Pyrenees]. Bird Study 43: 305--313. (C/Castillar 20, 31392 Pitallas, Navarra, Spain.) {ROL #78}

{C908} Fujita, G., et al. 1994. Habitat preference of Demoiselle and White-naped Cranes, Anthropoides virgo and Grus vipio, breeding in Mongolia. Pp. 93--96. in The future of cranes and wetlands (H. Higuchi & J. Minton, eds.). (Lab. Wildl. Biol., Sch. Agric. & Life Sci., Univ. Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113, Japan.) {ROL #78}

{C908} Griffiths, R. 1992. Rapid occupation of tree nursery by Woodlarks. Br. Birds 85: 379--380. (2 Hallsfield, Cricklade, Wiltshire SN6 6LS, UK.)---Lullula arborea. {ROL #78}

{C908} Habeck, J. R. 1994. Dynamics of forest communities used by Great Gray Owls. USDA, For. Serv. RM-GTR-253: 176--201. (Div. Biol. Sci., Univ. Montana, Missoula, MT 59812, USA.)---Characteristics and dynamics of habitat in different parts of Strix nebulosa often disjunct range.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{C908} Hardy, P. C., et al. 1998. Abundance and habitat associations of Common Poorwills in the Sonoran Desert. Southwest. Nat. 43: 234--241. (P.O. Box 4276, Quincy, CA 95971, USA.)---Phalaenoptilus nuttallii most often associated with washes and upland cover with rocky substrate and perennial vegetation 1--2.5 m tall.---J.J.D. {ROL #78}

{C908} Hedges, S. P. 1997. Bird habitats of Utah: the cold desert shrub communities. Utah Birds 13: 1--19. (P.O. Box 1042, Cedar City, UT 84721-1042, USA.)---Description of dominant plants and lists of breeding birds characteristic of shrub-steppe, salt desert shrub, and sand desert shrub areas.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C908} Hedges, S. P. 1997. Bird habitats of Utah: the pinyon-juniper community. Utah Birds 13: 21--29. (P.O. Box 1042, Cedar City, UT 84721-1042, USA.)---Remarks on characteristic plants with list of typical breeding birds found therein.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C908} Hedges, S. P. 1997. Bird habitats of Utah: the mountain shrub community. Utah Birds 13: 53--60. (P.O. Box 1042, Cedar City, UT 84721-1042, USA.)---Synopsis of characteristic plants and list of typical birds.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C908} Horstman, A. J., J. R. Nawrot, & A. Woolf. 1998. Mine-associated wetlands as avian habitat. Wetlands 18: 298--304. (Illinois Dept. Nat. Resour., Div. Nat. Heritage, 110 James Rd., Spring Grove, IL 60081, USA.) {ROL #78}

{C908} Kanai, Y., et al. 1996. [Forest type and birds: the first result of the "Monitoring Program on Birds and their Habitats".] Strix 14: 33--39. (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C908} Kavanagh, R. P., & M. A. Stanton. 1998. Nocturnal forest birds and arboreal marsupials of the southwestern slopes, New South Wales [Australia]. Aust. Zool. 30: 449--466. (State For. NSW, P.O. Box 100, Beecroft, NSW 2119, Australia.)---Regional survey of 253 forest sites identified elevation (i.e., climate) and forest type as the major factors accounting for the distribution of five nocturnal bird species: Eurostopodus mystacalis, Aegotheles cristatus, Ninox strenua, Ninox novaeseelandiae, Podargus strigoides.---W.K.S. {ROL #78}

{C908} Kinoshita, M. 1997. [Vegetation type of Stonechat habitat during breeding season.] Jap. J. Ornithol. 46: 111--120. (Lab. Wildl. Ecol., Obihiro Univ. Agric. & Vet. Med., Inada, Obihiro 080, Japan.)---Saxicola torquata. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C908} Knight, D. H. 1994. Dynamics of subalpine forests. USDA, For. Serv. RM-GTR-253: 128--138. (Dept. Botany, Univ. Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071, USA.)---Emphasizes ecological relationships between the forests, Aegolius funereus and the owl’s small rodent prey.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{C908} Lloyd, J., et al. 1998. The effects of mesquite invasion on a southeastern Arizona grassland bird community. Wilson Bull. 110: 403--408. (Coop. Wildl. Res. Unit, Univ. of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812, USA; EM: jdlloyd@selway.umt.edu)---Abundance of Cardinalis sinuatus, Vermivora luciae, and total bird abundance was positively correlated with increasing density of Prosopis velutina. Abundance of Lanius ludovicianus was positively correlated with increasing patchiness of mesquite.---J.J.D. {ROL #78}

{C908} Marzluff, J. M., et al. 1997. Spatial use and habitat selection of Golden Eagles in southwestern Idaho. Auk 114: 673--687. (Coll. For. Resour., Univ. Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA; EM: corvid@u.washington.edu)---Aquila chrysaetos has larger home ranges during non-breeding season than breeding season and selects habitat based on availability of Lepus californicus prey.---M.L.F. {ROL #78}

{C908} McCallum, D. A. 1994. Methods and terminology used with studies of habitat associations. USDA, For. Serv. RM-GTR-253: 5--9. (Dept. Biol., Coll. Charleston, Charleston, SC 29424, USA.)---Background to literature on owl habitat.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{C908} McCarthy, C., et al. 1997. Greater Prairie Chicken nesting habitat, Sheyenne National Grassland, North Dakota. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-298: 13--18. (Rocky Mtn. Forest & Range Exp. Stn., Rapid City, SD 57701, USA.)---Applies Habitat Suitability Index model to evaluate quality of nesting habitat and recent population declines of Tympanuchus cupido.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{C908} Moir, W. H., et al. 1997. Ecology of southwestern ponderosa pine forests. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-292: 3--27. (Rocky Mtn. Forest & Range Exp. Stn., 2500 S. Pine Knoll Dr., Flagstaff, AZ 86001, USA.)---Biotic and abiotic factors affecting distribution and complexity of biome.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{C908} Morgan, P. 1994. Dynamics of ponderosa and Jeffrey pine forests. USDA, For. Serv. RM-GTR-253: 47--73. (Dept. For. Resour., Univ. Idaho, Moscow, ID 83843, USA.)---Reviews range, ecology, and historical changes of Pinus ponderosa and P. jeffreyi forests, and impact of changes on wildlife communities.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{C908} Morita, M. 1997. [Habitat structure of Red-crowned Cranes in eastern Hokkaido {Japan}.] Strix 15: 75--81. (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.)---Grus japonensis uses wetlands, swamps and rivers more frequently than expected. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{C908} Morita, M., et al. 1997. [Relation between benthos and shorebirds in Tokyo Bay tidal flats.] Strix 15: 63--68. (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.)---The number of species of shorebirds was not significantly correlated with the total amount of benthos as estimated from samples of its density at each tidal area. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{C908} Pacheco, S., & H. R. Grau. 1997. Fenologia de un arbusto del sotobosque y ornitocoria en relacion a claros en una selva subtropical de montaña del Noroeste Argentino. [Phenology of an understory shrub and bird-dispersal in relation to tree-fall gaps in a subtropical montane forest of Northwestern Argentina.] Ecologia Austral 7(1): 35--41. (Lab. Investigaciones Ecol. Yungas, Univ. Nac. Tucuman, CC 34, Yerba Buena (4107), Tucuman, Argentina; EM: liey@tucbbs.com.ar) {ROL #78}

{C908} Rich, K. M., & P. Mehlhop. 1997. Landscape dynamics and considerations. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-292: 137--144. (New Mexico Nat. Heritage Prog., Univ. New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA.)---Considers research needs at different scales of landscape ecology in southwestern U.S. ponderosa pine forests.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{C908} Sage, R. B., & P. A. Robertson. 1996. Factors affecting songbird communities using new short rotation coppice habitats in spring. Bird Study 43: 201--213. (Game Conserv. Trust, Fordingbridge, Hampshire SP6 1EF, UK.) {ROL #78}

{C908} Shaw, G. 1995. Habitat selection by Short-eared Owls Asio flammeus in young coniferous forests. Bird Study 42: 158--164. (For. Enterprise [S. Scotland Reg.], 55/57 Moffat Rd., Dumfries DG1 1NP, Scotland, UK.)---Peak densities at 3--7 yrs.; smallest occupied patch 62 ha.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C908} Shimada, T., & K. Kuwabara. 1997. [The distributions of Greater Scaup and of Pochard at the mouth of the Yoro River {Japan}.] Strix 15: 83--88. (Izunuma-Uchinuma Environ. Found., 17-2 Shikimi, Aza-kamihataoka, Wakayanagi, Kurihara, Miyagi 989-55, Japan.)---Aythya marila, Aythya ferina. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C908} Snyder, N. F. R., S. Koenig, and T. B. Johnson. 1995. Ecological relationships of the Thick-billed Parrot with the pine forests of southeastern Arizona. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-264: 288--293. (Sch. For. & Environ. Stud., Yale Univ., 301 Prospect St., New Haven, CN 06511, USA.)---Northern historical range of reintroduced Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha is probably correlated with distribution of Chihuahua pine (Pinus leiophylla).---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{C908} Takumi, H., & Y. Ezaki. 1998. [Habitat segregation among herons and egrets in a pond-paddy complex area in Harima, Hyogo Prefecture {Japan}.] Jap. J. Ecol. 48: 17--26. (Akashi-Nishi High Sch., 1642-1 Nishi-Futami, Futami-cho, Akashi, 679-0094, Japan.)---Ardea cinerea, Egretta alba, Egretta intermedia, Egretta garzetta, Bubulcus ibis, Nycticorax nycticorax. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C908} Tellería, J. L., & T. Santos. 1994. Factors involved in the distribution of forest birds in the Iberian Peninsula. Bird Study 41: 161--169. (Dept. Anim. Biol. (Zool.), Univ. Complutense, E-28040 Madrid, Spain.)---Mean annual rainfall most highly correlated with bird density.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C908} Ueta, M., & Y. Yamaguchi. 1997. [Habitat preferences of Lidth's Jays, White-backed Woodpeckers, and Japanese Wood Pigeons in Amami Island, southern Japan.] Strix 15: 69--74. (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan. 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.)---Garrulus lidthi, Dendrocopos leucotos owstoni and Columba janthina preferred mature evergreen forest. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{C908} Yamamoto, H., K. Oohata, & Y. Yamamoto. 1999. [Habitat selection of ducks wintering in agricultural landscapes: a preliminary study for establishing a stable wintering duck population at Katano-kamoike {Japan}.] Strix 17: 127--132. (Wild Bird Soc. Japan, Ne 2-1 katano-machi Kaga-shi, Ishikawa 922-0564, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C908} Yamauchi, K., et al. 1997. [Breeding habitats of Dendrocopos major and Dendrocopos minor in urban and rural areas.] Jap. J. Ornithol. 46: 121--131. (Lab. Wildl. Ecol., Obihiro Univ. Agric. & Vet. Med., Inada, Obihiro 080, Japan.)---Great Spotted Woodpeckers increased with area of woodland, but Lesser Spotted Woodpeckers did not. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---H.N. {ROL #78}

{C910} Crawford, R. L., & L. Neel. 1997. Apparent longevity record for the Great Blue Heron. Oriole 62(1/2): 6. (208 Junius St., Thomasville, GA 31792, USA.)---Boldly and distinctively marked partial albino Ardea herodias seen in Thomas Co., Georgia, from 6 Feb 1974 through 5 Mar 1997 was at least 24 years old.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C910} Garber, S. D., S. Chevalier, & J. R. Cohen. 1997. Twenty-eight year study of Upland Sandpiper breeding population in New York. N. Am. Bird Bander 22: 109--113. (Dept. Ecol. Evol. Nat. Resour., Rutgers Univ., Piscataway, NJ 08855-1059, USA.)---Largely history of banding efforts on Bartramia longicauda at J. F. Kennedy Airport with a new longevity record of a bird captured after an interval of almost 9 years.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C910} Hoodless, A. N., & J. C. Coulson. 1994. Survival rates and movements of British and Continental Woodcock Scolopax rusticola in the British Isles. Bird Study 41: 48--60. (Dept. Biol. Sci., Sci. Lab., South Rd., Durham DH1 3LE, UK.) {ROL #78}

{C910} Pereira, L., et al. 1992. Studies on wild birds from the region of the Atlantic Forest, Brazil. 1. Longevity records observed in captured birds of the State of Sao Paulo (Brazil). Ciencia e Cultura 44: 167--171. (Secao de Virus Transmitidos por Artropodos, Instituto Adolfo Lutz, Sao Paulo, SP 01246-906, Brasil.)---Analyzes 25 years of banding data.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{C910} Prévot-Julliard, A. C., J. D. Lebreton, & R. Pradel. 1998. Re-evaluation of adult survival of Black-headed Gulls (Larus ridibundus) in presence of recapture heterogeneity. Auk 115: 85--95. (Div. Zool., Dept. Biol., Univ. Oslo, P.O. Box 1050 Blindern, N-0316 Oslo, Norway; EM: a.c.julliard@bio.uio.no)---Heterogeneity in capture probabilities tends to negatively bias survival rates; accounting for capture-rate heterogeneity yields a higher estimate of survival estimate.---A.A.W. {ROL #78}

{C912} Casto, S. D. 1998. Winter mortality of Cave Swallows in South Texas. Bull. Texas Ornithol. Soc. 31: 30--31. (Dept. Biol., Univ. Mary Hardin-Baylor, Belton, TX 76513, USA.)---102 over wintering Petrochelidon fulva died in conjunction with several days of below freezing temperatures.---J.B.O. {ROL #78}

{C912} Harris, M. P., & S. Wanless. 1996. Differential responses of Guillemot Uria aalge and Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis to a late winter wreck. Bird Study 43: 220--230. (Inst. Terrestrial Ecol., Banchory Res. Stn., Hill of Brathens, Banchory, Kincardineshire AB31 4BY, UK.) {ROL #78}

{C912} Jehl, J. R., Jr. 1998. Conspecific collisions can precipitate mortality in migrating Eared Grebes. Wilson Bull. 110: 409--411. (Hubbs-Sea World Res. Inst., 2595 Ingraham St., San Diego, CA 92019, USA; EM: jjehl@hubbs.sdsu.edu)---Podiceps nigricollis. {ROL #78}

{C912} Melo, C & R. H. Macedo. 1997. Mortalidade em ninhadas de Guira guira (Cuculidae): competicao por recursos? [Mortality in Guira guira (Cuculidae) broods: resource competition?] Ararajuba, Rev. Bras. Ornitol. 5: 45--52. (Depto. Zool., IB, Univ. Brasilia, 70910-900, Brasilia, DF, Brasil.) {ROL #78}

{C912} Smith, R. N., et al. 1998. Blackfly-induced mortality of nestling Red-tailed Hawks. Auk 115: 368--375. (Teton Sci. Sch., P. O. Box 68, Kelly, WY 83011, USA; EM: roger@tetonscience.org)---Simulium canonicolum infestations can significantly influence reproductive success of Buteo jamaicensis; extent of this effect should be studied.---A.A.W. {ROL #78}

{C912} Stanback, M. T. 1998. Getting stuck: A cost of communal cavity roosting. Wilson Bull. 110: 421--423. (Dept. Biol., P.O. Box 1719, Davidson Coll., Davidson, NC 28036, USA; EM: mastanback@davidson.edu)---A group of Acorn Woodpeckers (Melanerpes formicivorus) died after two got stuck while attempting to exit cavity.---J.J.Dos. {ROL #78}

{C912} Tarbell, A. T. 1994. Eastern Bluebird a casualty of an electric fence. Migrant 65: 29. (6033 Sherwood Dr., Nashville, TN 37215, USA.)---Male Sialia sialis on electric fence apparently killed when wet wings touched ground.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C912} Ulenaers, P., & A. A. Dhondt. 1994. Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus chick mortality in relation to parental fishing. Bird Study 41: 211--220. (Dept. Biol., Univ. Antwerp, UIA, B-2610 Wilrijk, Belgium.) {ROL #78}

{C912} Wagner, A., & J. Dindo. 1998. Northern Gannet (Morus bassanus) mortality along the Alabama Gulf Coast. Alabama Birdlife 43(2): 1--3. (Dauphin Island Sea Lab, 101 Bienville Blvd., P. O. Box 369-370, Dauphin Island, AL 36528, USA.)---8 immatures found dead 16 May--29 July 1996. Cause of death thought to be starvation.---J.B.O. {ROL #78}

{C912} Yanagawa, H. 1993. [Causes of wild bird mortality in eastern Hokkaido {Japan}.] Strix 12: 161--169. (Lab. Wildl. Ecol., Obihiro Univ. Agr. & Vet. Med., Inada Obihiro, Hokkaido 080, Japan.)---To clarify the causes of wild bird mortality, 150 carcasses of 60 species were examined. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{C914} Albrieu, C., & J. L. Navarro. 1997. [Location and population size of cormorant colonies in the Deseado estuary {Santa Cruz, Argentina}.] El Hornero 14(4): 243--246.---Colonial nesting of Phalacrocorax gaimardi, Phalacrocorax magellanicus and Phalacrocorax olivaceus, with data on distribution and characteristics of the colonies and conservation.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C914} Balmer, D., & J. Marchant. 1993. The sparrows fall. Br. Birds 86: 631--633. (Census Unit, BTO, The Nunnery, Thetford, Norfolk IP24 2PU, UK.)---Decline in numbers of Passer domesticus.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C914} Barbraud, C., & S. C. Baker. 1998. Fulmarine petrels and South Polar Skuas Catharacta maccormicki populations on Ardery Island, Windmill Islands, Antarctica. Emu 98: 234--236. (C.E.B.C./C.N.R.S., 79360 Beauvoir, Niort, France.) {ROL #78}

{C914} Barter, M. A., et al. 1998. Shorebird numbers in the Huang He (Yellow River) Delta [China] during the 1997 northward migration. Stilt 33: 15--26. (21 Chivalry Ave., Glen Waverley, Vic. 3150, Australia.)---Delta supports at least half a million shorebirds during northward migration and is internationally significant for at least 15 species, making it probably the most important site in the flyway.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{C914} Bell, J. L., & R. C. Whitmore. 1997. Eastern Towhee numbers increase following defoliation by gypsy moths. Auk 114: 708--716. (West Virginia Univ., Div. For., P. O. Box 6125, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA; EM: jbell@wvu.edu)---Pipilo erythrophthalmus, Lymantria dispar. {ROL #78}

{C914} Benstead, P. J., C. J. S. Jeffs, & R. D. Hearn. 1998. Riparian bird densities along four tributaries of the Rio Parana in north-east Argentina. El Hornero 15(1): 68--71.---A study in Misiones of 340 km of rivers.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C914} Bryant, D. M., & G. Jones. 1995. Morphological changes in a population of Sand Martins Riparia riparia associated with fluctuation in population size. Bird Study 42: 57--65. (Dept. Biol. Mol. Sci., Univ. Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, UK.)---Selective mortality of different sizes outside breeding season, probably in Africa.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C914} Buchanan, J. B. 1992. Winter abundance of shorebirds at coastal beaches of Washington. Wash. Birds 2: 12--19. (Cascadia Res. Collective, 218½ W. 4th Ave., Olympia, WA 98501, USA.)---13 spp. of shorebirds tallied in annual winter censuses 1982--90.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C914} Carmona, R., et al. 1995. Variación temporal en la abundancia del rayador, Rynchops niger (Charadriiformes: Laridae) en Baja California Sur, Mexico. [Temporal variation in the abundance of Rynchops niger (Charadriiformes: Laridae) in Baja California Sur, Mexico.] Rev. Biol. Trop. 43: 313--315. (Univ. Aut. Baja California Sur, Dept. Biol. Marina, Apdo. Postal 19-B, C.P. 23081 La Paz, Baja California Sur., Mexico.)---28 records of the Black Skimmer in Chametla and 80 in El Conchalito; more in the smaller area perhaps because it has more resting sites. In 1992, breeding took place during an "El Niño" event.---S.C. {ROL #78}

{C914} Castrale, J. S., & J. Bergens. 1999. Status of Sandhill Cranes in Indiana. Indiana Audubon Q. 77: 42---50. (Indiana Div. Fish & Wildlife, RR 2, Box 477, Mitchell, IN 47446, USA; EM: wildlife@kiva.net)---Documents increasing numbers of breeding, migrating, and wintering Grus canadensis.---J.S.C. {ROL #78}

{C914} Coulson, R., & G. Coulson. 1998. Population change among Pacific, Kelp and Silver Gulls using natural and artificial feeding sites in southeastern Tasmania. Wildl. Res. 25: 183--198. (Dept. Zool., Univ. Melbourne, Parkville, Vic. 3052, Australia.)---Refuse tips and shorelines were surveyed in 1981 and 1992. The number of Kelp Gulls has increased in both habitats. Larus dominicanus, Larus pacificus, Larus novaehollandiae.---M.G.B. {ROL #78}

{C914} Creed, K. E., & M. Bailey. 1998. Decline in migratory waders at Pelican Point, Swan River, Western Australia. Stilt 33: 10--14. (G.P.O. Box K803, Perth, WA 6001, Australia.)---Probably due to decline in numbers arriving rather than local change to site.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{C914} Crick, H. Q. P., & D. A. Ratcliffe. 1995. The Peregrine Falco peregrinus breeding population of the United Kingdom in 1991. Bird Study 42: 1--19. (BTO, The Nunnery, Thetford, Norfolk IP24 2PU, UK.)---Estimated 1283 pairs.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C914} Cuadros, T. 1992. [Results of the annual bird count in Medellin {Colombia}.] Bol. SAO (Soc. Ornitol. Antioquia) 3(6): 6--11. (c/o SAO, A.A. 60010, Medellin, Colombia.)---4 sites censussed in. Oct. 1992. (Spanish)---W.H.W. {ROL #78}

{C914} Dinan, J. J. 1998. Bald Eagle nest monitoring---Nebraska, 1997 summary report. Nebraska Bird Rev. 66: 5--6. (Nebraska Game Parks Comm., 2200 North 33, Lincoln, NE 68503, USA.)---38 nests of Haliaeetus leucocephalus, the peak number 1991--1997, fledged 16 young in 1997.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C914} Dinan, J. J. 1998. 1998 midwinter eagle survey for Nebraska including summary tables for the 1980--1998 period from the Nebraska Game and Parks Commission. Nebraska Bird Rev. 66: 101--107. (Nebraska Game Parks Comm., 2200 North 33, Lincoln, NE 68503, USA.)---1430 Bald Eagles, Haliaeetus leucocephalus, and 9 Golden Eagles, Aquila chrysaetos counted, the largest number yet for the former.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C914} Dusi, J. L. 1998. Pintlala Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias) colony decline. Alabama Birdlife 43(2): 16--17. (Dept. Zool. & Wildl. Sci., Auburn Univ., AL 36849, USA.) {ROL #78}

{C914} Evenson, J. R., & J. B. Buchanan. 1997. Seasonal abundance of shorebirds at Puget Sound estuaries. Wash. Birds 6: 34--62. (Cascadia Research Collective, 218½ W. 4th Ave., Olympia, WA 98501, USA.)---33 species recorded from 5 winter, 3 spring, and 3 autumn censuses at 18 Puget Sound, Strait of Juan de Fuca, and Admiralty Inlet sites on coast of Washington State.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C914} Fernandez, E., E. V. Alvarez, & M. B. Martella. 1997. [Seasonal variation in abundance of Blue-crowned Parakeets (Aratinga acuticaudata) at the Chancani Reserve, Cordoba, Argentina.] El Hornero 14(4): 259--262. {ROL #78}

{C914} Gammonley, J. H., & L. H. Fredrickson. 1998. Breeding duck populations and productivity on montane wetlands in Arizona. Southwest. Nat. 43: 219--227. (Colo. Div. Wildl., 317 W. Prospect Rd., Fort Collins, CO 80526, USA.)---Mean densities were relatively low.---J.J.D. {ROL #78}

{C914} Gratto-Trevor, C. L., V. H. Johnston, & S. T. Pepper. 1998. Changes in shorebird and eider abundance in the Rasmussen Lowlands, NWT. Wilson Bull. 110: 316--325. (Prairie North. Wildl. Res. Ctr., Can. Wildl. Serv., Environ. Can., 115 Perimeter Rd., Saskatoon, SK S7N 0X4, Can.; EM: cheri.gratto-trevor@ec.gc.ca)---Phalaropus fulicaria, Calidris melanotos, Calidris fuscicollis, Calidris pusilla, Calidris alpina, Calidris bairdii, Pluvialis squatarola, Pluvialis dominica, Somateria spectabilis. {ROL #78}

{C914} Gregory, R. D., & J. H. Marchant. 1996. Population trends of Jays, Magpies, Jackdaws and Carrion Crows in the United Kingdom. Bird Study 43: 28--37. (BTO, Natl. Ctr. Ornithol., The Nunnery, Thetford, Norfolk IP24 2PU, UK.)---Garrulus glandarius, Pica pica, Corvus monedula, and Corvus corone. {ROL #78}

{C914} Hammond, R. C. 1998. Tree Swallows in the Piedmont of Virginia. Raven 69: 54--55. (425 Mallard Lake Dr., Earlysville, VA 22936, USA.)---Tachycineta bicolor broods and numbers of young fledged rose from 1 to 57, and 4 to 270, respectively, 1990--1997 along one nest box trail in Albemarle Co.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C914} Hedges, S. P. 1997. The North American Breeding Bird Survey in Utah. Utah Birds 13: 37--44. (Bur. Land Manage., 176 East D. L. Sargent Dr., Cedar City, UT 84720, USA.)---Location of 99 breeding bird survey routes, discussion of limitations, and list of population trends 1980--86 and 1966--96.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C914} Horn, D. J., S. E. Fairbairn, & R. J. Hollis. 1998. Population trends of Iowa birds that use feeders. Iowa Bird Life 68: 109--122. (Dept. Anim. Ecol., Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA 50011, USA)---Comments on trends for 34 species, 1985 to 1994.---J.J.D. {ROL #78}

{C914} Ishida, K., & M. Takashi. 1998. [Estimation of relative population density and home range of the Amami Woodcock.] Strix 16: 73--88. (Univ. For., Univ. Tokyo, Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113, Japan.)---Scolopax mira. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C914} Jenkins, R. K. B., S. T. Buckton, & S. J. Ormerod. 1995. Local movements and population density of Water Rails Rallus aquaticus in a small reedbed. Bird Study 42: 82--87. (Catchment Res. Group, Sch. Pure Appl. Biol., Univ. Wales Coll. Cardiff, P.O. Box 915, Cardiff CF1 3TU, Wales, UK.) {ROL #78}

{C914} Johnsgard, P. A. 1998. A half-century of winter bird surveys at Lincoln and Scottsbluff, Nebraska. Nebraska Bird Rev. 66: 74--84. (Sch. Biol. Sci., Univ. Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68588-0118, USA.)---Comparison of two localities based on Christmas Bird Counts 1909--1997.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C914} Kataoka, Y., & M. Mizuno. 1999. [Changes in the number of breeding pairs of Tufted Puffins, Lunda cirrhata, around Kiritappu, Hokkaido {Japan}.] Strix 17: 1--14. (Natl. Wildl. Prot. Area Ranger, Touhutsu 157, Hamanaka-cho, Akkesi-gun, Hokkaido 088-1522, Japan.)---Nest site and population change. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{C914} Latta, S. C., & M. E. Baltz. 1997. Population limitation in Neotropical migratory birds: comments on Rappole and McDonald (1994). Auk 114: 754--762. (Div. Biol. Sci., Univ. Missouri, 110 Tucker Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA; EM: c675819@showme.missouri.edu)---Question validity of predictions and conclusions in Auk 111: 652--660; provide evidence of breeding-season limitation.---S.K.W. {ROL #78}

{C914} Masta, S. E. 1992. The winter European Starling population in Seattle, Washington, in relation to the populations of three species of woodpeckers. Wash. Birds 2: 36--41. (3218 E. Almartin St., Tucson, AZ 85716, USA.)---50 years of Christmas Bird Counts in Seattle show dramatic increase in Sturnus vulgaris but no associated decrease of Picoides pubescens, Picoides villosus, or Colaptes auratus.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C914} Narusue, M. 1992. [Changes in the distribution and extent of breeding colonies of egrets in Saitama Prefecture {Japan}.] Strix 11: 189--209. (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.)---Egretta intermedia has decreased in Kanto, central Japan. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{C914} Norriss, D. W. 1995. The 1991 survey and weather impacts on the Peregrine Falco peregrinus breeding population in the Republic of Ireland. Bird Study 42: 20--30. (Natl. Parks Wildl. Serv., Office of Public Works, 51 St. Stephen’s Green, Dublin 2, Eire.)---Est. 350--355 territories occupied in the Republic.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C914} Orgeira, J. L. 1997. [Seabird censuses at Antarctic and Subantarctic waters: results from 1987-1995.] El Hornero 14(4): 184--192.---Reports 54 species with indexes of relative abundance in 6 distributional units.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C914} Parr, S. J. 1994. Changes in the population size and nest sites of Merlins Falco columbarius in Wales between 1970 and 1991. Bird Study 41: 42--47. (Countryside Council Wales, Plas Penrhos, Bangor, Gwynedd LL57 2LQ, UK.) {ROL #78}

{C914} Parr, S. J. 1994. Population changes of breeding Hobbies Falco subbuteo in Britain. Bird Study 41: 131--135. (Countryside Council for Wales, Plas Penrhos, Bangor, Gwynedd LL57 2LQ, UK.)---Has expanded rapidly since early 1980s; now estimated at 500--1000 pairs.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C914} Peyton, M. M., and R. Knaggs. 1998. Bald Eagle counts at two facilities owned and operated by the Central Nebraska Public Power and Irrigation District. Nebraska Bird Rev. 66: 108--110. (Ctr. NE Power Irrigation Distr., P.O. Box 188, Gothenburg, NE 69138-0188, USA.)---Winter counts of Haliaeetus leucocephalus 1990--91 to 1998--98.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C914} Phillips, J. N. 1998. A survey of wintering Rufous Hummingbirds in Texas. Bull. Texas Ornithol. Soc. 31: 65--67. (Texas Parks & Wildl. Dept., 4200 Smith School Rd., Austin, TX 78744, USA.)---Selasphorus rufus. {ROL #78}

{C914} Rappole, R. H., & M. V. McDonald. 1998. Response to Latta and Baltz (1997). Auk 115: 246--251. (Cons. Res. Ctr., Natl. Zool. Pk., Smithsonian Inst., 1500 Remount Rd, Front Royal, VA 22630, USA; EM: nzpem033@sivm.si.edu)---Response to Auk 114: 754--762.---J.M.S. {ROL #78}

{C914} Rocha O., O., & C. Quiroga O. 1997. Primer censo simultaneo internacional de los flamencos Phoenicoparrus jamesi y Phoenicoparrus andinus en Argentina, Bolivia, Chile y Peru, con especial referencia y analisis al caso boliviano. [First simultaneous censuses of flamingos in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, and Peru.] Ecologia en Bolivia, 30: 33--42. {ROL #78}

{C914} Rocha O., O. 1997. Fluctuaciones poblacionales de tres especies de Flamencos en Laguna Colorada, Provincia Sud Lipez, Departamento de Potosi (Bolivia). Rev. Bol. de Ecol. 2: 67--76. (Omar Rocha O., Casilla 4778, La Paz, Bolivia; EM: rocha@cqo.bo)--- Flamingo population size data from Laguna Colorada from 1975-1997 for Phoenicoparrus jamesi, Phoenicoparrus andinus, and Phoenicopterus chilensis. Highly seasonal population fluctuations, peak concentrations during austral summer (over 40,000 flamingos), lows during austral winter (less than 1000 individuals). P. jamesi most abundant species (max of 41,050 adults in January ‘87), the other 2 species each totaling less than 5% of the flamingo population. Laguna Colorada is nationally and regionally the most important nesting and aggregation site of P. jamesi.---S.K.H. {ROL #78}

{C914} Rodrigues, A. A. F., & A. T. L. Lopes. 1997. Abundancia sazonal e reproducao de Charadrius collaris no Maranhao, Brasil. [Seasonal abundance and reproduction of the Collared Plover Charadrius collaris in Maranhao, Brasil] Ararajuba, Rev. Bras. Ornitol. 5: 65--69. (Depto. Biol., Univ. Fed. Maranhao, Av. dos Portugueses s/n, Campus Univ. Bacanga, 65080-040, Sao Luiz- MA- Brasil.) {ROL #78}

{C914} Shimada, T. 1992. [Seasonal changes of duck populations on a shoal off Ichikawa city, inner head of Tokyo Bay.] Strix 11: 211--217. (Miyagi Prefectural Izunuma-Uchinuma Environ. Found., 17-2 Shikimi, Aza-Kamihataoka, Wakayanagi-cho, Kurihara-gun, Miyagi 989-55, Japan.)---Anas poecilorhyncha, Anas penelope, Anas acuta, Aythya marila, Bucephala clangula, Mergus serrator. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C914} Shimada, T., et al. 1994. [Seasonal fluctuations of heron populations at the mouth of the Tama River in Tokyo and Kanagawa Prefecture {Japan}.] Strix 13: 85--92. (Izunuma-Uchinuma Environ. Found., 17-2 Shikimi, Aza-kamihataoka, Wakayanagi, Kurihara, Miyagi 989-55, Japan.)---Nycticorax nycticorax, Egretta alba, Egretta garzetta, Ardea cinerea. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C914} Sitters, H. P., et al. 1996. The Woodlark Lullula arborea in Britain: population trends, distribution and habitat occupancy. Bird Study 43: 172--187. (BTO, The Nunnery, Thetford, Norfolk IP24 2PU, UK.)---Increase from approx. 250 pairs in 1986 to more than 600 pairs in 1993.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C914} Takeshita, M., K. Samoto, & O. Hayashi. 1993. [Annual and seasonal changes in the number of wintering Saunder's Gull Larus saundersi at the tidal mud flat of Sone in Kitakyushu City, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan.] Strix 12: 107--114. (3-13-11 Dairitonoue Moji-ku, Kitakyushu-shi, Fukuoka 800, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C914} Takeshita, M., K. Samoto, & M. Takeishi. 1994. [Annual and seasonal fluctuations in the number of wintering Common Shelducks Tadorna tadorna at the Sone Tidal Flat in Kitakyushu City, Fukuoka Prefecture, southern Japan.] Strix 13: 53--63. (3-13-11 Dairitonoue Moji-ku, Kitakyushu-shi, Fukuoka 800, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C914} Thirgood, S. J., F. M. Leckie, & S. M. Redpath. 1995. Diurnal and seasonal variation in line transect counts of moorland passerines. Bird Study 42: 257--259. (Upland Res. Group, Game Conservancy, Crybenmore Lodge, Newtonmore, Inverness-shire PH20 1BE, UK.)---Anthus pratensis and Alauda arvensis. {ROL #78}

{C914} Ueda, K., et al. 1994. [Night census of the Woodcock on Nakano-shima of the Tokara Islands, southwestern Japan.] Strix 13: 79--84. (Lab. Biol., Rikkyo Univ., Nishi-ikebukuro 3, Toshima-ku, Tokyo 171, Japan.)---Scolopax rusticola. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C914} von Meyer, A., & L. Espinosa. 1998. Situacion del Flamenco Chileno (P. chilensis) en Chile y Sur de la Provincia de Llanquihue. Bol. Chil. Ornitol. 5: 16--20.---Censuses and discussions of possible causes of fluctuations in Chilean Flamingo (Phoenicopterus chilensis) populations.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C914} Wahl, T. R. 1996. Waterbirds in Washington’s inland marine waters: some high counts from systematic censussing. Wash. Birds 5: 29--50. (3041 Eldridge, Bellingham, WA 98225, USA.)---High counts from 2 years of intensive censuses (1978--79).---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C914} Wang Hui, & M. Barter. 1998. Estimates of the numbers of waders in the Dongsha Islands, China. Stilt 33: 41--42. (203 Room No. 173, Jian Jun Dong Lu Rd., Yancheng 224002, Jiangsu Province, China.)---100,000 birds on northward migration and 300,000 birds on southward migration threatened by pollution and shellfish harvesting.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{C914} Watts, B. D., & M. A. Byrd. 1998. Status and distribution of colonial waterbirds in coastal Virginia. Raven 69: 20--31. (Center Conserv. Biol., Coll. William & Mary, Williamsburg, VA 23185, USA.)---Intensive survey of Virginia coastal plain in 1993 revealed 94,947 pairs of 24 species of waterbirds; over 70% of these were in the area covered by the Williams surveys.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C914} Watts, B. D. 1997. Observations of migrant Bobolinks using a fall roost in Oyster, Virginia. Raven 68: 93--96. (Center Conserv. Biol., Coll. William & Mary, Williamsburg, VA 23187, USA.)---Estimated 61,000 Dolichonyx oryzivorus going to roost on the lower Delmarva Peninsula 10 Sep 1992.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C914} West, R. L. 1998. Early observations of the Pea Patch Heronry (1960--1979). Delmarva Ornithol. 30: 19--24. (2802 Rabbit Hill Rd., Tallahassee, FL 32312, USA.)---Summary of population estimates of 8 herons and the Glossy Ibis, Plegadis falcinellus, compiled for this Delaware heronry from several sources.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C914} Whitfield, D. P., et al. 1996. The abundance of breeding Knot Calidris canutus islandica. Bird Study 43: 290--299. (Scot. Nat. Heritage Res. & Advisors Services Directorate, 2 Anderson Pl., Edinburgh EH6 5NP, UK.) {ROL #78}

{C914} Williams, B., et al. 1997. A summary of the 1996 beach-nesting and colonial waterbird survey of the Virginia barrier islands. Raven 68: 105--109. (154 Lakewood Dr., Williamsburg, VA 23185, USA.)---Counts 16--19 June 1966 on the 22nd consecutive annual survey recorded high counts for Pelecanus occidentalis (1370 adults), but the lowest counts ever for Egretta tricolor (103), Larus atricilla (3566), and Sterna antillarum (327). Overall, counts document the continuing disastrous decline of Virginia's coastal waterbirds.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C914} Williams, B. D., et al. 1998. The 1997 colonial and beach-nesting waterbirds survey of the Virginia barrier islands. Raven 69: 15--19. (154 Lakewood Dr., Williamsburg, VA 23185, USA.)---Presumably affected by storms prior to the 15--18 June survey, Sterna nilotica, Sterna hirundo, Sterna antillarum, and Rynchops niger were recorded in the smallest numbers in 23 years. Pelecanus occidentalis and Eudocimus albus were recorded in the largest numbers ever.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C914} Wilson, J. 1993. Colonisation by Bearded Tits of Leighton Moss, Lancashire. Br. Birds 86: 352--358. (Leighton Moss RSPB Reserve, Myers Farm, Silverdale, Carnforth, Lancashire LA5 0SW, UK.)---Panurus biarmicus population increased from 1 pair in 1973 to 35 pairs in 1992.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C914} Yong, W., & D. M. Finch. 1996. Landbird species composition and relative abundance during migration along the Rio Grande. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-272: 77--92. (Dept. Nat. Resource Sci., Univ. Rhode Island, Kingston RI 02881, USA.)---Considers spring and fall migrants at two sites along this river in New Mexico and Texas and possible changes in abundance since the 1980’s.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{C916} Araya, M., et al. 1992. Predation on Purple Gallinule (Rallidae, Aves) by Great Heron (Ardeidae, Aves). Brenesia 38: 155--156. (Escuela de Biologia, Univ. Costa Rica, San Jose, Costa Rica.)---Unlike prey, in contrast with fish or frogs.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{C916} Astor, I. N., J. M. S. Correia, & M. A. S. Alves. 1998. Corallus hortulanus (Deer Snake). Predation. Herpetol. Rev. 29: 44. (Post Grad. Prog. in Ecology, Univ. Brasilia, Brasilia, DF. 70.910, Brazil.)---Snake caught and consumed an adult female Manacus manacus at a site of a nest 1.1 m above the ground.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{C916} Azuma, Y. 1998. [Nest predation of the Japanese White-eye by a Formosan Squirrel.] Strix 16: 175--176. (Sanctuary Ctr., Yokohama Nat. Sanctuary, Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 1562-1 Kamigo-cho, Sakae-ku, Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa 247, Japan.)---Callosciurus erythraeus taiwanensis, Zosterops japonica. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C916} Barratt, D. G. 1998. Predation by house cats, Felis catus (L.), in Canberra, Australia. II. Factors affecting the amount of prey caught and estimates of the impact on wildlife. Wildl. Res. 25: 475--487. (G.P.O. Box 787, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia.)---Analysis of prey items taken over a 12-month period. For six bird species, predation estimates are compared with bird abundances.---M.G.B. {ROL #78}

{C916} Buchanan, J. B., & J. D. Horn. 1992. Attempted predation of Rock Doves by Merlins. Wash. Birds 2: 9--11. (Cascadia Res. Collective, 218½ W. 4th Ave., Olympia, WA 98501, USA.)---Falco columbarius preying on Columba livia in Washington.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C916} Christman, B. J., & A. A. Dhondt. 1997. Nest predation in Black-capped Chickadees: how safe are cavity nests? Auk 114: 769--773. (Sec. Ecol. Syst., Corson Hall, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY 14853, USA; EM: bjc14@cornell.edu)---High levels of cavity-nest predation in Poecile atricapillus may suggest benefits of cavity nesting other than safety from predation.---M.L.F. {ROL #78}

{C916} Cotgreave, P. 1995. Relative importance of avian groups in the diets of British and Irish predators. Bird Study 42: 246--252. (ED. Ward Grey Inst. Field Ornithol., Oxford, South Parks Rd., Oxford OX1 3PS, UK.) {ROL #78}

{C916} Craig, D. P. 1998. Chipmunks use leverage to eat oversized eggs: support for the use of quail eggs in artificial nest studies. Auk 115: 486--489. (Dept. Environ., Popul., Organismic Biol., Univ. Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA; EM: dcraig@columbia-center.org) {ROL #78}

{C916} Droker, R. D. 1992. Bald Eagle raids Great Blue Heron colony. Wash. Birds 2: 8. (739 N. 97th St., Seattle, WA 98103, USA.)---Haliaeetus leucocephalus apparently preying on Ardea herodias eggs in Washington.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C916} Ely, E. 1997. Tantilla planiceps (California Black-headed Snake). Predation. Herpetol. Rev. 27: 154--155. (Dept. Herpetol., California Acad. Sci., Golden Gate Park, San Francisco, CA 94116, USA.)---Predation by Lanius ludovicianus. ---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{C916} Ernst, C. H., & C. M. Ernst. 1997. An unusual predatory strategy by Fish Crows. Raven 68: 113--115. (Dept. Biol., George Mason Univ., Fairfax, VA 22030, USA.)---Two adult Corvus ossifragus apparently "herding" and killing duckling Anas platyrhynchos, at the National Zoo, Washington, DC.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C916} Fenster, T. L. D., & C. B. Fenster. 1997. Plethodon cinereus (Redback Salamander). Predation. Herpetol. Rev. 27: 194. (4103 Sheridan St., University Park, MD 20781, USA.)---Predation by Turdus migratorius.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{C916} Hannon, S. J., & S. E. Cotterill. 1998. Nest predation in aspen woodlots in an agricultural area in Alberta: the enemy from within. Auk 115: 16--25. (Dept. Biol. Sci., Univ. Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E9, Can.; EM: hannon@odum.biology.ualberta.ca)---Artificial nests in large woodlots depredated by species from within site while nests in small lots depredated by species from outside site.---A.D.F. {ROL #78}

{C916} Hedeen, D. L., & S. E. Hedeen. 1998. Diadophis punctatus (Ringneck Snake). Predation. Herpetol. Rev. 29: 103. (Dept. Entomol. Appl. Ecol., Univ. Delaware, Newark, DE 19717, USA.)---Predation by Turdus migratorius.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{C916} Husak, M. S. 1997. Predation of Golden-fronted Woodpecker nestlings by a Texas rat snake. Bull. Texas Ornithol. Soc. 30: 17--18. (Dept. Biol. Sci., Miss. State Univ., Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA.)---Melanerpes aurifrons plundered by Elaphe obsoleta lindheimeri.---J.B.O. {ROL #78}

{C916} Jennings, M. R. 1997. Pituophis melanoleucus annectens (San Diego Gopher Snake) and Masticophis lateralis lateralis (California Striped Racer). Predation. Herpetol. Rev. 28: 205--206. (Natl. Biol. Serv., California Sci. Ctr., P.O. Box 70, San Simeon, CA 93452-0070, USA.)---Snakes taken by an adult male Falco sparverius.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{C916} Perez-Rivera, R. A., & M. A. Laboy-Rivera. 1996. Aspectos de la conducta de un individuo de Alsophis portoricensis y pichones y adultos de Reinita Coereba flaveola durante un episodio de depredacion. [Behavior between Alsophis portoricensis and Coereba flaveola.] Carib. J. Sci. 32(4): 432--433. {ROL #78}

{C916} Reed, R. N. 1997. Trimorphodon biscutatus quadruplex (Lyre Snake). Diet. Herpetol. Rev. 28: 206. (Dept. Zool. Wildl. Sci., Auburn Univ., Auburn, AL 36849-5414, USA.)---A 55-gm fledgling Crotophaga sulcirostris was removed from the snake’s stomach.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{C916} Rodríguez-Robles, J. A. 1998. Alternative perspectives on the diet of gopher snakes (Pituophis catenifer, Colubridae): literature records versus stomach contents of wild and museum specimens. Copeia 1998: 463--466. (Mus. Vert. Zool. Dept. Integrat. Biol., Univ. California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3160, USA.)---The frequencies with which birds and bird eggs (species not specified) are eaten by these snakes differ significantly between prey items recorded from wild and museum specimens (28%) vs. prey items recorded from literature records (59%). This difference may be due to the greater "vigilance" with which ornithologists report predation events in the published literature. Indeed, most records of this snake eating birds and bird eggs were almost exclusively published by ornithologists in the avian literature.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{C916} Rustay, C. 1998. Great Blue Heron predation on a Solitary Sandpiper. New Mexico Ornithol. Soc. Bull. 26: 98. (1824 Stanford NE, Albuquerque, NM 87106, USA.)---Ardea herodias seized Tringa solitaria, hit it against the ground, and flew off with it.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C916} Schulz, M. 1998. Feathertail Glider as prey of the Barking Owl. Aust. Bird Watcher 17: 348--349. (For. Wildl. Sec., Dept. Nat. Resour., P.O. Box 631, Indooroopilly, Qld. 4065, Australia.)---First documented record of Acrobates pygmaeus as prey for Ninox connivens.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{C916} Taylor, L. N. H., & H. A. Ford. 1998. Predation of artificial nests in a fragmented landscape on the New England Tablelands of New South Wales. Wildl. Res. 25: 587--594. (Univ. New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia.)---A total of 960 open artificial nests were placed in 3 remnants (small, medium and large). Overall, 69% were plundered. More were preyed upon in the medium-sized remnant and the loss of nests was no higher on the edge than in the centre. The main predators appeared to be large and medium-sized birds.---M.G.B. {ROL #78}

{C916} Ueta, M. 1992. [The number of small birds preyed upon by breeding Japanese Lesser Sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis in suburban areas, Tokyo.] Strix 11: 131--136. (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C916} Ueta, M. 1992. [Comparison of the prey abundance for Japanese Lesser Sparrowhawks Accipiter gularis in suburban and mountainous areas.] Strix 11: 137--141. (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.)---Prey was more abundant in suburban areas than in mountainous areas.---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{C916} Ueta, M. 1994. [Nest abandonment by Japanese Lesser Sparrowhawks Accipiter gularis resulting in predation of nests of nearby Azure-winged Magpies Cyanopica cyana.] Strix 13: 199--204. (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C916} Watson, D. M. 1998. House Sparrow as prey of Nankeen Night Heron. Aust. Bird Watcher 17: 342--343. (Dept. Syst. Ecol., Nat. Hist Mus. Biodivers. Res. Ctr., Univ. Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA.)---Passer domesticus, Nycticorax caledonicus. {ROL #78}

{C916} Yahner, R. H., & N. H. Piergallini. 1998. Effects of microsite selection on predation of artificial ground nests. Wilson Bull. 110: 439--442. (Sch. For. Resour., Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA 16802, USA; EM: rhy@psu.edu)---Nests located in forested patches were plundered more than those in forested corridor or contiguous forest habitats. Neither type of ground-level structure at nest site nor direction of nest from structure influenced nest fate.---J.J.Dos. {ROL #78}

{C918} Blums, P., G. R. Hepp, & A. Mednis. 1997. Age-specific reproduction in three species of European ducks. Auk 114: 737--747. (Gaylord Mem. Lab., Sch. Nat. Resour., Univ. Missouri-Columbia, Puxico, MO 63960, USA; EM: gaylord@sheltonbbs.com)---Breeding experience in Anas clypeata, and both experience and age in Aythya fuligula and Aythya ferina, constrained reproductive performance.---A.A.W. {ROL #78}

{C918} Crick, H. Q. P., et al. 1994. Causes of nest failure among buntings in the UK. Bird Study 41: 88--94. (BTO, Natl. Ctr. Ornithol., The Nunnery, Thetford, Norfolk IP24 2PU, UK.)---Emberiza citrinella, Emberiza cirlus, Emberiza schoeniclus, and Miliaria calandra. {ROL #78}

{C918} Holland, P. H., & D. W. Talden. 1994. An estimate of lifetime reproductive success for the Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos. Bird Study 41: 110--119. (Dept. Environ. Biol., Univ. Manchester M13 9PL, UK.)---Tringa hypoleucos. {ROL #78}

{C918} Houston, M. I., & C. S. Houston. 1998. Tree Swallow productivity near Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. N. Am. Bird Bander 23: 42--44. (863 Univ. Dr., Saskatoon, SK S7N 0J8, Can.)---12,760 Tachycineta bicolor young produced from ca. 250 nest boxes 1970--1997. Nesting success (% of nests fledging at least one young) varied from 27.7% in 1993 as a result of cold wet rains to 62.0% in 1988, a year of extreme heat and drought to a high of 89.6% in 1977; average productivity of successful nests was 4.9 young.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C918} Hughes, S. W. M. 1992. Breeding productivity of Little Grebe. Br. Birds 85: 555--556. (6 West Way, Slinfold, Horsham, West Sussex RH13 7SB, UK.)---Tachybaptus ruficollis. {ROL #78}

{C918} LaBranche, M. S. 1998. An application of O’Connor’s brood-reduction model. Auk 115: 502--507. (Dept. Biol., SUNY Coll. Fredonia, Fredonia, NY 14063, USA; EM: labranche@fredonia.edu.)---Clutch size related differences in survival rates may cause selection for brood reduction in Picoides borealis in some years.---G.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C918} Marti, C. D. 1997. Lifetime reproductive success in Barn Owls near the limit of the species’ range. Auk 114: 581--592. (Dept. Zool., Weber State Univ., Ogden, UT 84408, USA; EM: cmarti@weber.edu)---Tyto alba. {ROL #78}

{C918} O'Neil, D. C., & R. A. Askins. 1998. Reproductive success of Ospreys at two sites. Connecticut Warbler 18: 120--132. (Dept. Zool., Connecticut Coll., New London, CT 06320, USA.)---Increased nesting success of Pandion haliaetus at one of two sites studied may have been the result of new predator guards installed at nests.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C918} Paterson, A. M., A. Martínez V., & J. I. Dies. 1992. Partial breeding failure of Audouin’s Gull in two Spanish colonies in 1991. Br. Birds 85: 97--100. (Edificio San Gabriel 2--4º-A, Ecritor Adolfo Reyes, 29620 Torremolinos (Málaga), Spain.)---Larus audouinii suffered much reduced breeding success, probably because of voluntary fishing moratorium to conserve fish stocks.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C918} Powell, A. N., & C. L. Collier. 1998. Reproductive success of Belding’s Savannah Sparrows in a highly fragmented landscape. Auk 115: 508--513. (USGS/BRD, North. Prairie Wildl. Res. Ctr., Dept. Biol. Sci., Univ. Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA; EM: abby_powell@usgs.gov)---Reproductive success of Passerculus sandwichensis beldingi was associated with tall, dense vegetation within large marsh fragments.---A.A.W. {ROL #78}

{C918} Sedivec, K. K., et al. 1990. Nesting success of upland nesting waterfowl and Sharp-tailed Grouse in specialized grazing systems in southcentral North Dakota. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-194: 71--92. (Anim. & Range Sci. Dept., N. Dakota State Univ., Fargo, ND 58105, USA.)---Success ranged from 34%--61% in grazed breeding habitat compared with 7%--16% in ungrazed habitat for waterfowl and Tympanuchus phasianellus.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{C918} Swann, R. L., & B. Etheridge. 1995. A comparison of breeding success and prey of the Common Buzzard Buteo buteo in two areas of northern Scotland. Bird Study 42: 37--43. (14 St. Vincent Rd., Tain, Highland IV19 1JR, UK.)---The more successful population fed on larger prey.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C918} Ueta, M. 1996. [Causes for decrease in breeding success of Japanese Lesser Sparrowhawks.] Strix 14: 65--71. (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.)---Breeding success of Accipiter gularis decreased because of less suitable nest-sites. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{C918} Ueta, M. 1998. [Crow-related low nesting success of small open-nesting birds in the Tokyo area.] Strix 16: 67--71. (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. of Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.)---The nesting success rates of open-nesting bird species were lower than those of cavity-nesting and nest-defending bird species, perhaps owing to nest predation by Corvus macrorhynchos. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{C918} Van Impe, J. 1996. Long-term reproductive performance in White-fronted Geese Anser a. albifrons and Tundra Bean Geese Anser fabalis rossicus wintering in Zeeland [The Netherlands]. Bird Study 43: 280--289. (Dr Van de Perrelei, 51B, B 2140 Borgerhout, Belgium.) {ROL #78}

{C920} Anders, A. D., J. Faaborg, & F. R. Thompson, III. 1998. Postfledging dispersal, habitat use, and home-range size of juvenile Wood Thrushes. Auk 115: 349--358. (Dept. Evol., Ecol., Organismal Biol., 1735 Neil Ave., Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH 43210, USA; EM: anders.22@postbox.acs.ohio-state.edu)---Hylocichla mustelina radio telemetry study shows postfledging activity.---C.A.H. {ROL #78}

{C920} Davis, P. E., & J. E. Davis. 1992. Dispersal and age of first breeding of Buzzards in Central Wales. Br. Birds 85: 578--587. (Wildl. Surveys [Wales], Felindre, Aberarth, Aberaeron, Dyfed SA46 0LP, UK.)---Buteo buteo remarkably sedentary after first winter. Most on viable territories by third summer.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C920} Dougharty, F. W. 1993. Nest-site fidelity of Eurasian Treecreeper. Br. Birds 86: 20--21. (Cattelestone Farm, West Chiltington, Pulborough, Sussex RH20 2LG, UK.)---Certhia familiaris used same site for 33 years.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C920} Ford, H. A. 1998. Faithfulness to breeding site and birthplace in Noisy Friarbirds Philemon corniculatus. Emu 98: 269--275. (Dept. Zool., Univ. New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia.) {ROL #78}

{C920} Franklin, D. C., & R. A. Noske. 1998. Local movements of Honeyeaters in a sub-coastal vegetation mosaic in the Northern Territory [Australia]. Corella 22: 97--103. (Pks. Wildl. Comm. NT, P.O. Box 496, Palmerston, NT 0831, Australia.)---Residency may be high owing to small-scale habitat heterogeneity and absence of wildfire.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{C920} Harris, M. P., D. J. Halley, & S. Wanless. 1996. Philopatry in the Common Guillemot Uria aalge. Bird Study 43: 134--137. (Inst. Terrestrial Ecol., Hill of Brathens, Banchory, Kincardineshire AB31 4BY, UK.) {ROL #78}

{C920} Kricher, J. C., & W. E. Davis, Jr. 1998. Species richness and site fidelity among resident neotropical birds. Southwest. Nat. 43: 228--233. (Biol. Dept., Wheaton Coll., Norton, MA 02766, USA.)---In Belize; about 25% of resident species showed site fidelity.---J.J.D. {ROL #78}

{C920} Lindberg, M. S., & J. S. Sedinger. 1998. Ecological significance of brood-site fidelity in Black Brant: spatial, annual, and age-related variation. Auk 115: 436--446. (Inst. Wetland Waterfowl Res., Ducks Unlimited, Inc., One Waterfowl Way, Memphis, TN 38120, USA; EM: mlindberg@ducks.org)---Branta bernicla nigricans. {ROL #78}

{C920} Minton, C. D. T. 1998. Birds of a Feather. Stilt 33: 37--38. (165 Dalgetty Rd., Beaumaris, Vic. 3193, Australia.)---Two Ruddy Turnstones Arenaria interpres with consecutive band numbers recaptured together five times during 10 years, probably owing to site fidelity.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{C920} Skipper, C. S. 1998. Henslow's Sparrows return to previous nest site in western Maryland. N. Am. Bird Bander 23: 36--41. (293 Bray Hill Ln., Oakland, MD 21550, USA.)---Returns of 7 male Ammodramus henslowii of 37 banded 1994--1997 at some unspecified locality in Maryland said to be the first documentation of fidelity to nesting sites; data on weights and wing chords given for 87 of these as well as for the 37 Ammodramus savannarum and 29 Passerculus sandwichensis caught.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C920} Totterman, B. G. 1999. Seasonal dispersion of Noisy Pittas in northern New South Wales. Aust. Bird Watcher 18: 19--25. (Empire Vale, via Ballina, NSW 2478, Australia.)---Partial movement of Pitta versicolor to coastal localities in winter.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{C920} Waugh, S. M., P. M. Sagar, & R. O. Cossee. 1999. New Zealand Black-browed Albatross Diomedea melanophrys impavida and Grey-headed Albatross D. chrysostoma banded at Campbell Island: recoveries from the South Pacific region. Emu 99: 29--35. (N.I.W.A., P.O. Box 8602, Christchurch, New Zealand.) {ROL #78}

{C922} Aleixo, A. 1997. Composition of mixed-species bird flocks and abundance of flocking species in a semideciduous forest of southeastern Brazil. Ararajuba, Rev. Bras. Ornitol. 5: 11--18. (Depto. Zool., Univ. Est de Campinas, CxP 6109 CEP 13083-970, Campinas, SP, Brasil.) {ROL #78}

{C922} Berry, M. E., & C. E. Bock. 1998. Effects of habitat and landscape characteristics on avian breeding distributions in Colorado foothills shrub. Southwest. Nat. 43: 453--461. (Dept. EPO Biol., Univ. Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309-0334, USA.)---Species richness is associated with shrub cover and horizontal heterogeneity. No species was associated with landscape variables measured in study.---J.J.D. {ROL #78}

{C922} Brooks, D. M. 1997. [Avian seasonality at a locality in the Central Paraguayan Chaco.] El Hornero 14(4): 193--203.---Seasonal variation at the guild level based on diet or water dependence. Results are interpreted in light of ecological and evolutionary processes.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{C922} Confer, J. L., & J. L. Larkin. 1998. Behavioral interactions between Golden-winged and Blue-winged warblers. Auk 115: 209--214. (Biol. Dept., Ithaca Coll., Ithaca, NY 14850, USA; EM: confer@ithaca.edu)---Territory overlap and lack of interspecific aggression do not support interference competition hypothesis; Vermivora chrysoptera, Vermivora pinus.---A.D.F. {ROL #78}

{C922} Gonzalez-Ortega, M. A. A., & J. E. Morales-Perez. 1998. Distribucion vertical de la avifauna en un bosque templado de Zinacantan, Chiapas, Mexico. [Vertical distribution of birds in a temperate forest at Zinacantan, Chiapas, Mexico.] Acta Zool. Mex. 75: 125--142 (Instituto de Historia Natural, Apdo. Postal 6, C.P. 29000, Tuxtla Gutierrrez, Chiapas, Mexico.) {ROL #78}

{C922} Higuchi, H. 1994. [Biological diversity: its meaning, mechanism, evolution and conservation.] Strix 13: 1--30. (Lab. Wildl. Biol., Sch. Agric. & Life Sci., Univ. Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C922} Kappes, J. J., Jr. 1997. Defining cavity-associated interactions between Red-cockaded Woodpeckers and other cavity-dependent species: interspecific competition or cavity kleptoparasitism? Auk 114: 778--780. (Dept. Wildl. Ecol. Conserv., 303 Newins-Ziegler Hall, Univ. Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA; EM: kapp@nervm.nerdc.ufl.edu)---Cavity usurpation may be kleptoparasitic rather than competitive because only Picoides borealis suffers from interaction.---A.D.F. {ROL #78}

{C922} Lopez de Casenave, J., et al. 1998. Responses of avian assemblages to a natural edge in a Chaco semiarid forest in Argentina. Auk 115: 425--435. (Depto. Biol., Fac. Cienc. Exactas Nat., Univ. Buenos Aires, Cd. Universitaria, Pab. 2, 1428 Buenos Aires, Argentina; EM: casenave@biolo.bg.fcen.uba.ar)---Mist netting and point counts used to assess differences between edge and interior assemblages.---G.R.P. {ROL #78}

{C922} Melvin, S. L., & J. W. Webb, Jr. 1998. Differences in the avian communities of natural and created Spartina alterniflora salt marshes. Wetlands 18: 59--69. (JWW, Jr.: Texas A&M Univ., Dept. Marine Biol., 5007 Ave. U., Galveston, TX 77551, USA.)---Species richness and diversity were greatest in natural marshes, although man-made marshes had greater bird densities during certain seasons.---W.P.J. {ROL #78}

{C922} Naranjo, L. G., & P. Chacon de Ulloa. 1997. Diversidad de insectos y aves insectivoras de sotobosque en habitats perturbados de selva lluviosa tropical. [Insect diversity and understory birds in disturbed rain forest habitats.] Caldasia 19: 507--520. {ROL #78}

{C922} Rangel S., J. L., et al. 1993. Riqueza de especies de aves del sotobosque en la selva Lacandona, Chiapas, Mexico. [Species richness of understory birds in the Lacandon forest, Chiapas, Mexico.] Rev. Biol. Trop. 41: 273--279. (Dept. de Ecologia Terrestre, CIQRO, Ap. Postal 424, 77000 Chetumal, Quintana Roo, Mexico.)---Three standard samples (100 captures) produced 59 species, 80% resident and 20% migrants, principally emberizids and tyrannids. Species richness, diversity and rarity were highest before the rainy season.---S.C. {ROL #78}

{C922} Rodriguez E., R., & B. Brow. 1990. Riqueza especifica y determinacion de la diversidad de las aves rapaces de los rios Yaqui y Bavispe, en Sonora, Mexico. [Species richness and diversity of raptors along the Yaqui and Bavispe rivers, Sonora, Mexico.] Acta Zool. Mex. 41: 1--17. (Centro de Investigaciones Biologicas de Baja California Sur, A.P. 128, La Paz 23000 B.C.S. Mexico.)---Cathartes aura and Coragyps atratus were the most abundant.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{C922} Saenz, E., et al. 1998. Pileated Woodpecker damage to Red-cockaded Woodpecker cavity trees in eastern Texas. Wilson Bull. 110: 362--367. (Wildl. Habitat Silviculture Lab., South. Res. Stn., USDA For. Serv., Nacogdoches, TX 75962, USA; EM: c_saenzd@titan.sfasu.edu)---Dryocopus pileatus, Picoides borealis. Damage was significantly greater in longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) habitat than in loblolly-shortleaf pine (Pinus taeda, Pinus echinata) habitat. Restrictor plates prevented enlargement of cavities.---J.J.Dos. {ROL #78}

{C922} Schackelford, C. E., & R. N. Conner. 1996. Woodland birds in three different forest types in eastern Texas. Bull. Texas Ornithol. Soc. 29: 11--17. (Texas Parks & Wildl. Dept., 4200 Smith School Rd., Austin, TX 78744, USA.)---Year-round surveys were conducted in longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) savannah, mixed pine-hardwood forest, & bottomland hardwood forest.---J.B.O. {ROL #78}

{C922} Shelley, D. 1998. Survey of vertebrate fauna and habitats in a Cypress Pine--Ironbark forest in Central-West New South Wales [Australia]. Aust. Zool. 30: 426--436. (Vegetation Assessment, Dept. Land & Water Conserv., P.O. Box 717, Dubbo, NSW 2830, Australia.)---Seed-eating birds uncommon because of lack of grass, other small birds, e.g. fairy-wrens, warblers and thornbills, occur only amongst patches of dense shrubs usually associated with disturbance to the canopy. Flowering Ironbarks attracted many species.---W.K.S. {ROL #78}

{C922} Tarbell, A. T. 1995. Commensal feeding associations with Fox Sparrows. Migrant 66: 61--62. (6033 Sherwood Dr., Nashville, TN 37215, USA.)---Scratching Passerella iliaca uncovered food then eaten by Cardinalis cardinalis and a Pipilo erythrophthalmus.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{C922} Uresk, D. W., G. L. Schenbeck, & J. T. O’Rourke (Eds.). 1997. Conserving biodiversity on native rangelands: symposium proceedings. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-298. (Order from Rocky Mtn. Forest & Range Exp. Stn.: 3825 E. Mulberry St., Fort Collins, CO 80524, USA.)---4 papers (plus introduction), 2 of which are specifically on birds.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{C922} Yamamoto, Y. 1992. [Interspecific relationships at feeding place in Ono Wildlife Sanctuary in southwestern Hiroshima.] Strix 11: 225--231. (Miyake Nat. Ctr., Akakokko Station, Wild Bird Soc. Japan, Tsubota 4188, Miyake-mura, Miyake-jima, Tokyo 100-12, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C924} King, R. S., & D. A. Wrubleski. 1998. Spatial and diel availability of flying insects as potential duckling food in prairie wetlands. Wetlands 18: 100--114. (Duke Wetland Ctr., Nicholas Sch. Environ., Duke Univ., Box 90333, Durham, NC 27708, USA.) {ROL #78}

{C924} Tassone, R. A., & J. D. Majer. 1997. Abundance of arthropods in tree canopies of Banksia woodland on the Swan Coastal Plain [Australia]. J. Roy. Soc. West. Aust. 80: 281--286. (Sch. Environ. Biol., Curtin Univ., Kent St., Bentley, WA 6845, Australia.)---Canopy arthropods and foliar nutrients were measured on three species of Banksia and on Nuytsia floribunda. These were related to tree usage by insectivorous birds.---M.G.B. {ROL #78}

{C926} Anderson, J. T., & A. M. Anderson. 1996. Unusual behavior of wintering Louisiana Clapper Rails. Bull. Texas Ornithol. Soc. 29: 47--49. (Dept. Range, Wildl., & Fish. Manage., Texas Tech Univ., Mail Stop 2125, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA.)---Rallus longirostris saturatus. {ROL #78}

{C926} Arévalo, J. E., & A. G. Gosler. 1994. The behaviour of Treecreepers Certhia familiaris in mixed species flocks in winter. Bird Study 41: 1--6. (Edward Grey Inst. Ornithol., Dept. Zool., South Parks Rd., Oxford OX1 3PS, UK.) {ROL #78}

{C926} Brown, A. F., & P. W. Atkinson. 1996. Habitat association of coastal wintering passerines. Bird Study 43: 188--200. (English Nat., Northminster House, Peterborough PE1 1UA, UK.)---Limonium vulgare, Suaeda vera, and Suaeda/Salicornia had highest densities.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{C926} Engilis, A., Jr., et al. 1998. Shorebird surveys in Ensenada Pabellones and Bahia Santa Maria, Sinaloa, Mexico: Critical winter habitats for Pacific Flyway shorebirds. Wilson Bull. 110: 332--341. (Ducks Unlimited, Inc., West. Regional Off., 3074 Gold Canal Dr., Rancho Cordova, CA 95670, USA; EM: Aengilis@ducks.org)---Calidris mauri, Calidris minutilla, Limnodromus spp., Recurvirostra americana. {ROL #78}

{C926} Fox, A. D., et al. 1994. Winter movements and site-fidelity of Pink-footed Geese Anser brachyrhynchus ringed in Britain, with particular emphasis on those marked in Lancashire. Bird Study 41: 221--234. (Dept. Wildlife Ecol., Natl. Environ. Res. Inst., Kalø, Grenåvej 12, DK-8410 Rønde, Denmark.) {ROL #78}

{C926} Hu, D.-Y., et al. 1998. [Feeding-station use of wintering Japanese Cranes in eastern Hokkaido {Japan} in relation to age and social status.] Jap. J. Ornithol. 46: 163--174. (Graduate Sch. Environ. Earth Sci., Hokkaido Univ., Sapporo 060-0810, Japan.)---Grus japonensis. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C926} Kamata, M., et al. 1994. [Environmental characteristics of wintering roost-sites of Red-crowned Cranes Grus japonensis in Hokkaido {Japan}.] Strix 13: 41--51. (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan. 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C926} Kuroda, H. 1994. [Winter habitat selection of four species of raptors in the Kasaoka Reclaimed Land, Okayama Prefecture {Japan}.] Strix 13: 191--197. (Ikaruga 1055, Taishi-cho, Ibo-gun, Hyogo 671-15, Japan.)---Buteo buteo, Circus aeruginosus, Circus cyaneus, Falco tinnunculus. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{C926} Pae, S., & P. Won. 1994. Wintering ecology of Red-crowned Cranes and White-naped Cranes, Grus japonensis and G. vipio, in the Cholwon Basin, Korea. Pp. 97--106. in The future of cranes and wetlands (H. Higuchi & J. Minton, eds.). (Inst. Ornithol., Kyung Hee Univ., Seoul 130-701, Republic of Korea.) {ROL #78}

{C926} Pelikan, M. L. 1998. Notes on a wintering mixed sparrow flock. Bird Obs. (Massachusetts) 26: 73--81. (C/O BOEM, P.O. Box 236, Arlington, MA 02174, USA.)---Behavior of Spizella arborea, Spizella pusilla, Spizella pallida, Melospiza melodia, Zonotrichia albicollis in Arlington, MA.---W.E.D. {ROL #78}

{C926} Shimada, T. 1997. [Wintering ecology of White-fronted Geese Anser albifrons in paddy fields on the northeast of Lake Izunuma {Japan} in spring migration season.] Jap. J. Ornithol. 46: 7--22. (Miyagi Pref. Izunuma-Uchinuma Environ. Found., 17-2 Kamihataokashikimi, Wakayanagi-cho, Miyagi 989-55, Japan.)---Geese foraged over unploughed paddy fields during periods of southerly winds, but frequently rested during northerly winds. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---H.N. {ROL #78}

{C926} Sol, D., J. M. Arcos, & J. C. Senar. 1995. The influence of refuse tips on the winter distribution of Yellow-legged Gulls Larus cachinnans. Bird Study 42: 216--221. (Mus. Zool., Ap. Correus 593, 08080 Barcelona, Spain.) {ROL #78}

{C926} Wilson, J. D., R. Taylor, & L. B. Muirhead. 1996. Field use by farmland birds in winter: an analysis of field type preferences using resampling methods. Bird Study 43: 320--332. (BBSRC-NERC Ecol. & Behav. Group, Dept. Zool., Univ. Oxford, South Parks Rd., Oxford OX1 3PS, UK.)---Results consistent with likely variations in invertebrate and seed availability.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{D103} Bretagnolle, V., C. Attie, & E. Pasquet. 1998. Cytochrome-B evidence for validity and phylogenetic relationships of Pseudobulweria and Bulweria (Procellariidae). Auk 115: 188--195. (CEBC-CNRS, 79360 Beauvoir sur Niort, France; EM: breta@cebc.cnrs.fr)---Pseudobulweria is a valid genus and is the sister taxon to Puffinus and Calonectris, which in turn are most closely related to Bulweria.---M.A.L. {ROL #78}

{D103} Cardoso da Silva, J. M. 1992. Phylogeny of the Cercomacra nigricans species group (Aves: Thamnophilidae) and the biogeographical importance of Pliocene-Pleistocene tectonic movements. Goeldiana Zoologia 18: 1--8. (Zoologisk Museum, University of Copenhagen, DK-2100, Copenhagen, Denmark.)---Jet Antbird. {ROL #78}

{D103} Eberhard, J. R. 1998. Evolution of nest-building behavior in Agapornis parrots. Auk 115: 455--464. (Smithsonian Trop. Res. Inst., Unit 0948, APO AA 34002-0948; EM: eberharj@naos.si.edu)---Phylogeny based on sequencing of cytochrome-b gene suggests nest-builders form a monophyletic clade.---S.C.L. {ROL #78}

{D103} Garcia-Moreno, J., & J. M. Cardoso da Silva. 1997. An interplay between forest and non-forest South American avifaunas suggested by a phylogeny of Lepidocolaptes woodcreepers (Dendrocolaptidae). Stud. Neotrop. Faun. & Environ. 32: 164--173. {ROL #78}

{D103} Gerwin, J. A., & R. M. Zink. 1998. Phylogenetic patterns in the Trochilidae. Auk 115: 105--118. (RMZ: James Ford Bell Mus., Univ. Minnesota, 100 Ecol. Bldg., St. Paul, MN 55108, USA; EM: rzink@biosci.umn.edu)---Distance analysis suggests same phylogenetic pattern of Trochilidae suggested by Sibley and Ahlquist (1990) and Bleiweiss et al. (1997).---A.A.W. {ROL #78}

{D103} Hedges, S. B., & L. L. Poling. 1999. A molecular phylogeny of reptiles. Science 283: 998--1001. (Dept. Biol., Inst. Mol. Evol. Gen. and Astrobiol. Res. Ctr., 208 Mueller Lab., Pennsylvania State Univ., Univ. Park, PA 16802, USA; EM: sbh1@psu.edu)---DNA analyses rearrange the phylogeny of reptiles and birds.---M.J.J. {ROL #78}

{D103} Hinkelmann, C., & K.-L. Schuchmann. 1997. Phylogeny of the Hermit Hummingbirds (Trochilidae: Phaethornithinae). Stud. Neotrop. Faun. & Environ. 32: 142--163. {ROL #78}

{D103} McCracken, K. G., & F. H. Sheldon. 1998. Molecular and osteological heron phylogenies: sources of incongruence. Auk 115: 127--141. (Sch. For., Wildl., Fish., Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA; EM: kmccrac@unix1.sncc.lsu.edu)---Re-analysis of osteological, DNA-DNA hybridization, vocalizations, and mtDNA sequence data suggest bias in use of cranial characters and supports use of taxonomic congruence analysis in phylogenies; Ardeidae.---S.C.L. {ROL #78}

{D103} Monroe, B. L. 1992. The new DNA-DNA avian classification: What’s it all about? Br. Birds 85: 53--61. ([Deceased] Dept. Biol., Univ. Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA.) {ROL #78}

{D103} Patten, M. A., & M. Fugate. 1998. Systematic relationships among the emberizid sparrows. Auk 115: 412--424. (Dept. Biol., Univ. California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA; EM: patten@citrus.ucr.edu)---Phylogenies using structural, plumage, behavioral, oological, and allozymic characters for 34 taxa.---S.C.L. {ROL #78}

{D103} Zink, R. M., & R. C. Blackwell. 1998. Molecular systematics of the Scaled Quail complex (Genus Callipepla). Auk 115: 394--403. (James Ford Bell Mus. Nat. Hist., 100 Ecol. Bldg., Univ. Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108, USA; EM: rzink@biosci.umn.edu)---Callipepla californica, Callipepla gambelii, Callipepla squamata, Callipepla douglasii. {ROL #78}

{D105} Burtt, E. H., Jr. 1999. Rules to bird by. Bergmann's Rule. Birding 31: 267--244. (Dept. Zool., Ohio Wesleyan Univ., Delaware, OH 43015, USA; EM: ehburtt@cc.owu.edu)---Bergmann stated that on the whole, larger species live farther north and smaller ones farther south but present evidence, another suggestion of Bergmann's notwithstanding, indicates that clines of body size are related to more than just temperature.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D106} Búrquez, A. 1992. Blue Tits as pollinators of the Crown Imperial. Br. Birds 85: 41--43. (Centro de Ecol., UNMA, Apdo. Postal 1354, Hermosillo, Sonora 83000, Mexico.)---Fritillaria imperialis flowers visited by Parus caeruleus set seed.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{D106} Fraga, R. M., A. E. Ruffini, & D. Grigera. 1997. [Interactions between the Firecrown Hummingbird [Green-backed Firecrown] Sephanoides sephanoides and plants of the Nothofagus forests at Nahuel Huapi National Park, Argentina.] El Hornero 14(4): 224--234.---Pollination, ornithophilous plants, territoriality.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{D106} Gomez P., L. D. 1993. Birds as short-range seed dispersers of Zamia fairchildiania in SW Costa Rica. Rev. Biol. Trop. 41: 905--906. (Las Cruces Biological Field Station and Wilson Botanical Garden, O.T.S. San Vito, Coto Brus, Costa Rica.)---Saltator maximus, Turdus grayi and Ramphocelus passerinii are main dispersers.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{D106} Milton, S. J., et al. 1998. Dispersal of seeds as nest material by the Cactus Wren. Southwest. Nat. 43: 449--452. (Percy FitzPatrick Inst. African Ornith., Univ. Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700, South Africa.)---Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus may be an important disperser of seeds of some plants.---J.J.D. {ROL #78}

{D106} Ramirez, N. 1992. Especificidad de los sistemas de polinizacion en una comunidad arbustiva de la Guayana venezolana. [Specificity of pollination systems in a shrub community of the Venezuelan Guyana.] Ecotropicos 5(1): 1--19. {ROL #78}

{D106} Schulz, M. 1998. Bats and other fauna in disused Fairy Martin Hirundo ariel nests. Emu 98: 184--191. (For. Wildl. Sec., Dept. Nat. Resour., P.O. Box 631, Indooroopilly, Qld. 4068, Australia.)---5175 disused nests searched. Bats were the most frequently found group in the nests, particularly Myotis spp. and Vespadelus troughtoni but also the rare Chalinolobus dwyeri. Three species of amphibian found to use nests in addition to two bird species, Pardalotus striatus and Hirundo neoxena, which nested.---W.K.S. {ROL #78}

{D106} Thery, M., et al. 1998. Angiosperm pollination and seed dispersal, a review. Ecotropica 4: 69--91. {ROL #78}

{D108} Douglas, III, H. D. 1998. Response of Eastern Willets (Catoptrophorus s. semipalmatus) to vocalizations of Eastern and Western (C. s. inornatus) willets. Auk 115: 514--518. (1320 W. Market St., Apt. 3, Greensboro, NC 27403, USA; EM: hddougla@hamlet.uncg.edu)---Eastern birds discriminate between eastern and western pill-will-willet songs, but not other vocalizations; Catoptrophorus semipalmatus.---G.R.P. {ROL #78}

{D108} Holmquist, H. E. 1998. Bill dimorphism in crossbills. Delmarva Ornithol. 30: 4--9. (1802 Inglewood Dr., Wilmington, DE 19803, USA.)---Literature review of Loxia spp.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D108} Leafloor, J. O., C. D. Ankney, & D. H. Rusch. 1998. Environmental effects on body size of Canada Geese. Auk 115: 26--33. (Min. Nat. Resour., P. O. Box 730, Cochrane, ON P0L 1C0, Can.; EM: leafloj2@epo.gov.on.ca)---Within a population, Branta canadensis interior are smaller on Akimiski Island, Northwest Territories than on adjacent Ontario mainland because food is scarcer.---A.A.W. {ROL #78}

{D108} Shepherd, K. B., & S. C. Votier. 1993. Common Gull showing characteristics apparently consistent with North American race. Br. Birds 86: 220--223. (30 Abbey Rd., Sheringham, Norfolk NR26 8NN, UK.)---Larus canus brachyrhynchus. {ROL #78}

{D110} Bornschein, M. R., B. L. Reinert, & M. Pichorim. 1998. Descricao, ecologia e conservacao de um novo Scytalopus (Rhinocryptidae) do sul do Brasil, com comentarios sobre a morfologia da familia. [Description, ecology and conservation of a new Scytalopus tapaculo from southern Brazil, with comments regarding the morphology of the family.] Ararajuba, Rev. Bras. Ornitol. 6: 3--36. {ROL #78}

{D110} Norman, J. A., et al. 1998. Molecular data confirms the species status of the Christmas Island Hawk-Owl Ninox natalis. Emu 98: 191--208. (Mus. Vic., 71 Victoria Cres., Abbotsford, Vic. 3067, Australia.) {ROL #78}

{D110} Raposo, M. A. 1997. A new species of Arremon (Passeriformes: Emberizidae) from Brazil. Ararajuba, Rev. Bras. Ornitol. 5: 3-9. (Depto Biol, IB, Univ. de Sao Paulo, R Matao 101, travessa 14, 05508-900, Sao Paulo, SP, Brasil.) {ROL #78}

{D112} Sibley, C. G. 1997. The species problem. Birding 29: 215--219. (Deceased.) {ROL #78}

{D114} Cardoso da Silva J. M., & C. Oren. 1992. Notes on Knipolegus franciscanus Snethlage, 1928 (Aves: Tyrannidae), an endemism of central Brazilian dry forest. Goeldiana Zoologia 16: 1--8. (Zoologisk Museum, University of Copenhagen, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.)---Should be recognized as an independent species from Knipolegus aterrimus, White-winged Black Tyrant.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{D114} Cardoso da Silva, J. M. 1990. A re-evaluation of Serpophaga araguayae Snethlage, 1928 (Aves: Tyrannidae). Goeldiana Zoologia 1: 1-6. (Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Dept. de Zoologia, C.P. 399, 66.040 Belem, Para, Brasil.)---Scientific name of Bananal Tyrannulet is invalid and should be synonym of Myiopagis c. caniceps.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{D114} Chylarecki, P. 1993. New Herring Gull taxonomy. Br. Birds 86: 316--319. (Ornithol. Stn., NadwiÑla½ska 108, 80-680 Gda½sk 40, Poland.)---The "splitting" of Larus argentatus into three species by British Birds editors is highly controversial.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{D114} Howell, S. N. G. 1998. Shades of gray: The catch 22 of Thayer's Gull? Birders J. 7: 305--309. (Pt. Reyes Bird Obs., 4990 Shoreline Hwy., Stinson Beach, CA 94970, USA.)---History of the taxonomy of Larus thayeri.---A.L.L. {ROL #78}

{D114} Inskipp, T. P., & J. T. R. Sharrock. 1992. English names of West Palearctic birds. Br. Birds 85: 263--290. (1 Herneside, March Rd., Welney, Wisbech, Cambridgeshire PE14 9SB, UK.)---Propose new names.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{D114} Moreno, J. A. 1997. Review of the subspecific status and origin of introduced finches in Puerto Rico. Carib. J. Sci. 33(3--4): 233--238. {ROL #78}

{D302} Adams, C. E., & J. Mitchell. 1995. The response of a Grey Heron Ardea cinerea breeding colony to rapid change in prey species. Bird Study 42: 44--49. (Fish Behav. Ecol. Group, Univ. Field Stn., Glasgow Univ., Rowardennan, Glasgow G62 0AW, Scotland, UK.)---From Rutilus rutilus to Gymnocephalus cernuus.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{D302} Aversa, T. 1997. An observation of carrion feeding in Cooper’s Hawk. Wash. Birds 6: 32--33. (Woodland Park Zoo, 5500 Phinney Ave. N., Seattle, WA 98103, USA.)---Accipiter cooperii fed on remains of hunter-killed Anas acuta.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{D302} Bay, M. D., & W. A. Carter. 1997. Use of ground skinks (Scincella lateralis) as food for nestling Eastern Bluebirds (Sialia sialis) in Oklahoma. Bull. Texas Ornithol. Soc. 30: 23--25. (Dept. Biol., E. Central Univ., Ada, OK 74820, USA.) {ROL #78}

{D302} Bellocq, M. I. 1998. Prey selection by breeding and nonbreeding Barn Owls in Argentina. Auk 115: 224--229. (Depto. Cienc. Biol., Fac. Cienc. Exactas Nat., Univ. Buenos Aires, Cd. Universitaria, Pab. 2, 1428 Buenos Aires, Argentina; EM: bellocq@biolo.bg.fcen.uba.ar)---Tyto alba select larger prey in breeding than nonbreeding season.---A.D.F. {ROL #78}

{D302} Cadieu, J. C., & N. Cadieu. 1996. Influence of some interactions between fledglings and adults on the food choice in young Canaries Serinus canarius. J. Ethol. 14: 99--109. (Lab. Ethol. Psychol. Anim., Univ. Paul Sabatier, 31062 Toulouse, France.) {ROL #78}

{D302} Casto, S. D. 1996. Use of dog food by birds in southern Texas. Bull. Texas Ornithol. Soc. 29: 46--47. (Dept. Biol., Univ. Mary Hardin-Baylor, Belton, TX 76513, USA.) {ROL #78}

{D302} Chandler, C. R. 1996. Eastern Kingbirds eat squirrel treefrogs. Oriole 61: 83--84. (Dept. Biol., Georgia Southern Univ., Statesboro, GA 30460, USA.)---Tyrannus tyrannus catching two Hyla squirella, ca. 3 cm long, as one hopped across a road near Statesboro, Georgia, and as the other crossed a path on the Mississippi Crane NWR in Mississippi.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D302} Chapman, A., M. G. Bradford, & C. J. Hoskin. 1999. Sap suckers; a novel bird ‘guild’ in wet sclerophyll forests of tropical north Queensland. Emu 99: 69--72. (Dept. Anatomical Sci., Univ. Queensland, Brisbane, Qld. 4072, Australia.) {ROL #78}

{D302} Clarke, A., P. A. Prince, & R. Clarke. 1996. The energy content of dragonflies (Odonata) in relation to predation by falcons. Bird Study 43: 300--304. (Br. Antarct. Surv., High Cross, Madingley Rd., Cambridge CB 3 0ET, UK.) {ROL #78}

{D302} Clarke, J., & P. M. Clarke. 1995. Choughs feeding on Mining Bee Colletes succinctus larvae on Colonsay [Scotland]. Bird Study 42: 253--254. (Ivy Cottage, Lower Kemerton, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire GL20 7HV, UK.)---Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax. {ROL #78}

{D302} Coulson, J. O., & T. D. Coulson. 1998. Diets of Barn Owls in two Louisiana marshes. J. Louisiana Ornithol. 4: 3--9. (Nunez Commun. Coll., 3700 La Fontaine St., Chalmette, LA 70043, USA.)---Tyto alba. {ROL #78}

{D302} Debus, S. J. S., & A. B. Rose. 1999. Notes on the diet of the Wedge-tailed Eagle Aquila audax. Aust. Bird Watcher 18: 38--41. (Div. Zool., Univ. New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia.)---Food remains and pellets confirm importance of mammals and predominance of rabbits and macropods.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{D302} Debus, S. J. S., R. B. Shepherd, & A. B. Rose. 1999. Non-breeding diet of the Barking Owl near Armidale, New South Wales. Aust. Bird Watcher 18: 43--45. (Div. Zool., Univ. New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia.)---Ninox connivens preys chiefly on mammals in autumn and early winter, birds in late winter, and birds and mammals equally in breeding season.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{D302} FitzPatrick, S. 1994. Nectar-feeding by suburban Blue Tits: contributions to the diet in spring. Bird Study 41: 136--145. (Dept. Biol. Biomed. Sci., Univ. Ulster at Jordanstown, Newtonabbey, Co. Antrim BT37 OQB, UK.)---Nectar furnishes considerable proportion of energy required by Parus caeruleus.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{D302} Flint, P. L., et al. 1998. Observations of geese foraging for clam shells during spring on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, Alaska. Wilson Bull. 110: 411--413. (Alaska Biol. Sci. Ctr., US Geol. Survey, 1011 E. Tudor Rd., Anchorage, AK 99503, USA; EM: Paul_Flint@usgs.gov)---Chen canagica, Branta canadensis minima, Branta bernicla nigricans, and Anser albifrons appeared to consume Macoma balthica. May serve as calcium source for use during egg formation.---J.J.Dos. {ROL #78}

{D302} Fox, A. D. 1996. Zostera exploitation by Brent Geese and Wigeon on the Exe Estuary, southern England. Bird Study 43: 257--268. (Dept. Coastal Zone Ecol., Natl. Environ. Res. Inst., Kalø, Grenåvej 12, DK-8410 Rønde, Denmark.)---Less than 5.5% overlap between Branta bernicla and Anas penelope.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{D302} Francour, P., & J.-C. Thibault. 1996. The diet of breeding Osprey Pandion haliaetus on Corsica: exploitation of a coastal marine environment. Bird Study 43: 129--133. (GIS Posidonie & L.B.M.E.B., Fac. Sci. de Luminy, F-13288 Marseille cedex 9, France.)---12 fish species identified, of which mullets (4 species) made up 73% of prey remains.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{D302} Franklin, D. C., & R. A. Noske. 1999. Birds and nectar in a monsoonal woodland: correlations at three spatio-temporal scales. Emu 99: 15--28. (Sci. Fac., NT Univ., Darwin, NT 0909, Australia.) {ROL #78}

{D302} Fujimaki, Y., Y. Miyazawa, & K. Sasaoka. 1997. [Intake of buds and catkins of birch by captive Hazel Grouse in winter.] Jap. J. Ornithol. 46: 1--6. (Lab. Wildl. Ecol., Obihiro Univ. Agric. & Vet. Med., Inada, Obihiro 080, Japan.)---Bonasa bonasia. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{D302} Fukui, A. W. 1995. The role of the Brown-eared Bulbul Hypsipetes amaurotis as a seed dispersal agent. Res. Popul. Ecol. 37: 211--218. (Inst. Low Temp. Sci., Hokkaido Univ., Sapporo 060, Japan.)---Two years field observation and laboratory experiment. Bulbuls ate 53 spp., from 24 plant families.---K.U. {ROL #78}

{D302} Galvez Aguilera, X., et al. 1998. Breeding season diet of the Cuban Parrot Amazona leucocephala in Los Indios Ecological Reserve, Isla de la Juventud, Cuba. Papageienkunde 2: 325--334. (JW: Grambling Cooperative Wildlife Project, P. O. Box 841, Grambling State University, Grambling, LA 71245, USA.)---39 plant species identified as being used by this Amazon during field work in May 1996.---M.K. {ROL #78}

{D302} Goodman, S. M., & R. Thorstrom. 1998. The diet of the Madagascar Red Owl (Tyto soumagnei) on the Masoala Peninsula, Madagascar. Wilson Bull. 110: 417--421. (Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Roosevelt Rd. at Lake Shore Dr., Chicago, IL 60605, USA; EM: goodman@tfm.fmnh.org)---Predominantly native, forest-dwelling small mammals. Other species, including some from forest edge and disturbed habitats, also eaten.---J.J.Dos. {ROL #78}

{D302} Gorena, R. L. 1997. Notes on the feeding habits and prey of adult Great Kiskadees. Bull. Texas Ornithol. Soc. 30: 18--19. (Santa Ana NWR, Rt. 2, Box 202A, Alamo, TX 78516, USA.)---Pitangus sulphuratus. {ROL #78}

{D302} Hart, R. K., K. M. McRoberts, & M. C. Calver. 1998. The diet of nestling Straw-necked Ibis Threskiornis spinicollis at Capel, Western Australia. West. Aust. Nat. 22: 129--134. (Sch. Biol. Sci., Murdoch Univ., Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia.)---A total of 1240 invertebrate prey, from 19 taxa, were obtained from 18 moribund nestlings.---M.G.B. {ROL #78}

{D302} Hayakawa, M., & M. Terayama. 1993. [Daily changes in the occurrence of winged ants in swallow feces.] Strix 12: 209--213. (Makuhari-Higashi Senior High Sch., 3-2 Wakaba, Mihama-ku, Chiba-shi, Chiba 261, Japan.)---Hirundo rustica. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{D302} Holmes, D. A. 1997. Purple Heron consumes large prey. Kukila 9: 171--172. (P.O. Box 310, Bogor 16003, West Java, Indonesia.)---Ardea purpurea killed and ate large snake.---I.C.R. {ROL #78}

{D302} Jackson, S., S. W. Nicolson, & C. N. Lotz. 1998. Sugar preferences and "side bias" in Cape Sugarbirds and Lesser Double-collared Sunbirds. Auk 115: 156--165. (Physiol. Dept., Univ. Witwatersrand, Parktown 2193, South Africa; EM: 057sus@chiron.wits.ac.za)---Pairwise tests of preferences of Promerops cafer and Nectarinia chalybea.---S.C.L. {ROL #78}

{D302} Lane, S. G. 1999. Food of Satin Bowerbirds. Corella 23: 17. (66 Fairview Rd., Moonee, via Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia.)---Author’s first record of Ptilonorhynchus violaceus feeding on fruit of Persoonia attenuata (Proteaceae).---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{D302} Levey, D. J., & M. L. Cipollini. 1998. A glycoalkaloid in ripe fruit deters consumption by Cedar Waxwings. Auk 115: 359--367. (Dept. Zool., P.O. Box 118525, Univ. Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA; EM: dlevey@zoo.ufl.edu)---Results do not support Directed Toxicity or Nutrient-Toxin Titration hypotheses; Bombycilla cedrorum.---A.D.F. {ROL #78}

{D302} Lopez C., M. V., & C. F. Estades. 1996. Natural history of the Tamarugo Conebill (Conirostrum tamarugensis) during the breeding period: diet and habitat preferences. Rev. Chilena Hist. Nat. 69: 351-356. (Dept. de Ciencias Ecológicas, Fac. de Ciencias, Univ. de Chile Casilla 653, Santiago, Chile; EM: mvlopez@abello.dic.uchile.cl)---Insectivorous, specialist on Leptotes trigemmatus.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{D302} Luy G., A. 1993. El Gavilan caracolero: un consumidor especialista. [The Snail Kite: a specialist.] Natura 98: 14--18. (Sociedad Conservacionista Audubon de Venezuela.)---Rostrhamus sociabilis.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{D302} Marini, M. A., & R. B. Cavalcanti. 1998. [Frugivory by Elaenia flycatchers.] El Hornero 15(1): 47--50.---Analysis of 40 stomach contents reveals that these flycatchers eat fruit. No differences among species (7 in this study) and seasonality.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{D302} Mason, C. F., & S. M. MacDonald. 1995. Corvids feeding on carrion. Bird Study 42: 255--256. (Dept. Biol., Univ. Essex, Wivenhoe Pk., Colchester C04 3SQ, UK.)---Pica pica, Corvus corone, Corvus frugilegus, and Larus ridibundus. {ROL #78}

{D302} Oliver, D. L. 1998. The importance of insects and lerp in the diet of juvenile Regent Honeyeaters, Xanthomyza phrygia: implications for the conservation of an endangered woodland bird. Wildl. Res. 25: 409--417. (Charles Sturt Univ., P.O. Box 789, Albury, NSW 2640, Australia.)---Feeds on a wider variety of prey than previously reported. Lerp is the waxy protective secretion produced by immature psyllid insects, on the leaves of some mallee trees.---M.G.B. {ROL #78}

{D302} Oliver, D. L., et al. 1998. Observations of nectar- and insect-feeding by Painted Honeyeaters Grantiella picta. Aust. Bird Watcher 17: 353--355. (Sch. Environ. Info. Sci., Charles Sturt Univ., P.O. Box 789, Albury, NSW 2640, Australia.)---Observations and literature references challenge commonly held belief that species feeds only on mistletoe fruit.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{D302} Partlow, J. 1995. Sanderlings feeding upon razor clams in winter on the Washington seacoast. Wash. Birds 4: 62--64. (1435 Conger NW, Olympia, WA 98502, USA.)---Calidris alba, Siliqua patula. {ROL #78}

{D302} Paulson, D. R. 1989. Surfbirds eating large edible mussels. Wash. Birds 1: 35--36. (Slater Mus. Nat. Hist., Univ. Puget Sound, Tacoma, WA 98416, USA.)---Aphriza virgata consumed Mytilus edulis that were approximately 20 mm long, 11 mm wide, 6 mm thick.---J.B.B. {ROL #78}

{D302} Prinzinger, R., & E. Schleucher. 1998. Fruits of Tall Saltbush Rhagodia eremaea as an important source of energy and water for arid zone honeyeaters. Emu 98: 236--240. (Dept. Metabolic Physiol., Univ. Frankfurt am Main, Siesmayerstr. 70, D-60323 Frankfurt am Main, Germany.) {ROL #78}

{D302} Rose, A. B. 1999. Notes on the non-nectar foods of some Honeyeaters in eastern New South Wales. Aust. Bird Watcher 18: 26--34. (Aust. Mus., 6-8 College St., Sydney, NSW 2000, Australia.)---Nectarivorous honeyeaters catch many arthropods, particularly when feeding nestlings.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{D302} Rose, A. B. 1999. Notes on the diet of the Superb Lyrebird Menura novaehollandiae in central-eastern New South Wales. Aust. Bird Watcher 18: 35--37. (Aust. Mus., 6-8 College St., Sydney, NSW 2000, Australia.)---Road-killed specimens contained insects and seeds. Pigeon-like glands noted in upper gullet of one female.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{D302} Rose, A. B. 1999. Notes on the diet of the Noisy Pitta Pitta versicolor in New South Wales. Aust. Bird Watcher 18: 42--43. (Aust. Mus., 6-8 College St., Sydney, NSW 2000, Australia.)---Identifies snail shells from anvil sites and invertebrates from stomach contents.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{D302} Shimada, T. 1992. [Northern Shovelers Anas clypeata ate small fish.] Strix 11: 343--344. (Miyagi Prefectural Izunuma-Uchinuma Environ. Found., 17-2 Shikimi, Aza-Kamihataoka, Wakayanagi-cho, Kurihara-gun, Miyagi 989-55, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{D302} Simpson, J. A. 1998. Why don’t more birds eat more fungi? Australasian Mycological Newsletter 17: 67--68. (For. Res. Dev. Div., State For. NSW, P.O. Box 100, Beecroft, NSW 2119, Australia.)---Fungal sugars may be unpalatable or toxic to birds and psyllid-eating species may avoid associated sooty moulds.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{D302} Stoate, C., & S. J. Moreby. 1995. Premigratory diet of trans-Saharan migrant passerines in the western Sahel. Bird Study 42: 101--106. (Game Conserv. Trust, Fordingbridge, Hants. SP6 1EF, UK.)---Phoenicurus phoenicurus, Sylvia atricapilla, Sylvia hortensis, Sylvia cantillans, and Sylvia communis. {ROL #78}

{D302} Torres C., H., et al. 1994. Dieta y selectividad de presas de Speotyto cunicularia en una localidad semi-arida del norte de Chile a lo largo de siete años (1987--1993). [Diet and selectivity of Speotyto cunicularia in a semi-arid locality of northern Chile throughout seven years (1987-1993).] Rev. Chilena Hist. Nat. 67: 329--340. (Dept. de Ecología, Univ. Católica de Chile Casilla 114-D, Santiago, Chile.)---Burrowing Owl is a seasonally opportunistic predator.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{D302} Ueta, M. 1993. [Seasonal change of prey items of Japanese Lesser Sparrowhawks Accipiter gularis during breeding period.] Strix 12: 81--84. (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.)---Prey changed from Passer montanus to Parus major in mid-May. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{D302} Van Zyl, A. J. 1994. A comparison of the diet of the Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus in South Africa and Europe. Bird Study 41: 124--130. (Percy FitzPatrick Inst. Afr. Ornithol., Univ. Cape Town, Rondebosch, 7700 South Africa.)---Breeding and nonbreeding birds in S. Africa consume many invertebrates.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{D302} Veiga, J. O. 1998. Notas sobre la alimentacion de la Bandurria Austral (Theristicus melanopis). [Notes on the diet of Theristicus melanopis.] Nuestras Aves 38: 12. (No address available.)---Black-faced Ibis. {ROL #78}

{D302} Wallis. R., R. Cooke, & A. Webster. 1998. Diet of Powerful Owls in the Yarra Valley, Victoria [Australia]. Aust. Bird Watcher 17: 395--397. (Sch. Ecol. Environ., Rusden Campus, Deakin Univ., Clayton, Vic. 3168, Australia.)---Arboreal mammals most common prey in regurgitated pellets of Ninox strenua.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{D302} Wood, K. A. 1998. Seasonal changes in the diet of Pied Currawongs Strepera graculina at Wollongong, New South Wales. Emu 98: 157--170. (7 Eastern Ave., Mangerton, NSW 2500, Australia.)---Diet switched from mainly fruit during the non-breeding season to mainly insects during incubation and then to young birds during chick-rearing.---W.K.S. {ROL #78}

{D302} Yo, T., & et al. 1998. Self-selection of dietary protein and energy by broilers grown under a tropical climate: adaptation when exposed to choice feeding at different ages. Poult. Sci. 77: 502--508. (Picard, M., INRA-SRA, 37380 Nouzilly, France.)---When offered a choice of diets, domestic broiler (Gallus domesticus) chicks chose diets with a lower crude protein content and showed lower live body weights at 6-weeks of age than those fed a more complete diet with a higher protein content.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{D304} King, D. R., G. L. Norbury, & G. J. Eliot. 1998. Drinking time of kangaroos, goats and emus in a pastoral area. West. Aust. Nat. 22: 55--60. (Agric. WA, Bougainvillea Ave., Forrestfield, WA 6058, Australia.)---Dromaius novaehollandiae tends to drink in the middle of the day under summer conditions in arid Western Australia.---M.G.B. {ROL #78}

{D304} Toguchi, Y., M. Kinjou, & T. Ichida. 1996. [Japanese Wood Pigeons drink sea water.] Strix 14: 186--189. (685 Goga, Nago, Okinawa 905-11, Japan.)---Columba janthina. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{D306} Benvenuti, S., et al. 1998. Foraging flights of breeding Thick-billed Murres (Uria lomvia) as revealed by bird-borne direction recorders. Auk 115: 57--66. (Dipto. Etologia, Ecologia Evoluzione, Univ. Pisa, Via Volta 6, I-56126 Pisa, Italy; EM: benve@discau.unipi.it)---Breeding birds traveled 10 to 168 km one way to foraging sites, stopped more frequently on outbound flights than on inbound flights; recorders did not appear to affect bird behavior.---M.E.B. {ROL #78}

{D306} Buchanan, J. B. 1994. Merlin hunting on ground in dense cover. Wash. Birds 3: 49--50. (Wash. Dept. Fish Wildl., 600 Capitol Way N., Olympia, WA 98501, USA.)---Falco columbarius. {ROL #78}

{D306} Davis, W. E., Jr., & J. Zickefoose. 1998. Bait-fishing by birds: a fascinating example of tool use. Bird Obs. (Massachusetts) 26: 139--143. (C/O BOEM, P.O. Box 236, Arlington, MA 02174, USA.)---Review bait-use by 9 bird species including Butorides virescens and Butorides striatus herons; photograph of bait-fishing Nycticorax nycticorax.---W.E.D. {ROL #78}

{D306} Farji B., A. J. 1991. Forrajeo del colibri Selasphorus flammula en relacion con tamaños y distribucion de parches florales. [Foraging of the hummingbird Selasphorus flammula in relation to size and distribution of floral patches.] Rev. Biol. Trop. 39: 169--172. (Dept. de Biologia, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Univ. de Buenos Aires [1428] Argentina.)---The number of visits and visitation rate in small patches decrease in direct relation to their distance from a large patch. The spatial disposition of the flowers in relation to other striking resources is important in determining the visitation pattern.---S.C. {ROL #78}

{D306} Ferns, P. N., & H. Y. Siman. 1994. Utility of the curved bill of the Curlew Numenius arquata as a foraging tool. Bird Study 41: 102--109. (Univ. Wales, Coll. Cardiff, P.O. Box 915, Cardiff CF1 3TL, UK.)---Curved bill penetrates further into crab burrows than straight one.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{D306} Fox, A. D. 1994. Esturine winter feeding patterns of Little Grebes Tachybaptus ruficollis in central Wales. Bird Study 41: 15--24. (Nat. Environ. Res. Inst. Wildlife Ecol., Kalø, Grenåvej 12, DK-840 Rønde, Denmark.) {ROL #78}

{D306} Freemyer, H. 1996. Some observations of Common Poorwill foraging techniques. Bull. Texas Ornithol. Soc. 29: 45. (Box 21, Jayton, TX 79528, USA.)---Phalaenoptilus nuttallii hunt insects by flying and plucking them from the air, sitting on the ground and flying upward to catch insects, & taking them from the ground.---J.B.O. {ROL #78}

{D306} Fujita, K. 1996. [Habitat characteristics of food storage sites of Varied Tits Parus varius.] Strix 14: 41--54. (Yokohama Nat. Sanctuary, Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 1562-1 Kamigou-cho, Sakae-ku, Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa 247, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{D306} Hersek, M. J., & K. C. Derrickson. 1998. The generalist foraging habits of Northern Mockingbirds. Bird Obs. (Massachusetts) 26: 18--21. (C/O BOEM, P.O. Box 236, Arlington, MA 12174, USA.)---Mimus polyglottos observed drinking nectar and sap.---W.E.D. {ROL #78}

{D306} Hill, B. J. 1993. Cetti’s Warbler flycatching. Br. Birds 86: 571. (109 Highbridge Rd., Burnham-on-Sea, Somerset TA8 1LN, UK.)---Cettia cetti. {ROL #78}

{D306} Indrawan, M. 1994. A Red Junglefowl feeding in close proximity to other pheasant species in Alas Purwo, Java. Kukila 7: 71--71. (Yayasan Bina Sains Indonesia, Jalan Tanah Baru Raya 98, P.O. Box 103, Depok 16401, Indonesia.)---Gallus gallus, Gallus varius, Pavo muticus. {ROL #78}

{D306} Jackson, J. A., & R. White. 1995. Diurnal roadside hunting by Barred Owls. J. Louisiana Ornithol. 3: 13--15. (Dept. Biol. Sci., Box Z, Mississippi State Univ., Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA.)---Strix varia. {ROL #78}

{D306} Knight, R. L. 1994. Green Herons feed by diving into deep water. Migrant 65: 47--48. (804 North Hills Dr., Johnson City, TN 37604, USA.)---Butorides virescens either flutter feet first onto water and stab at fish or dive head first into schools of small fish (Dorosoma sp.) in water up to 12 m deep at Cherokee Lake, northeastern Tennessee.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D306} Kurosawa, R., & H. Higuchi. 1993. [Bait-fishing of the Green-backed Heron Ardeola striata in different areas of Japan and other countries.] Strix 12: 1--21. (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{D306} McCaffery, B. J. 1998. Implications of frequent habitat switches in foraging Bar-tailed Godwits. Auk 115: 494--497. (USFWS, Yukon Delta NWR, P.O. Box 346, Bethel, AK 99559, USA; EM: brian_mccaffery@fws.gov)---Juvenile Limosa lapponica baueri switch habitats nearly four times per hour, a temporal pattern that only partially conforms to pattern of tidal regulation.---S.C.L. {ROL #78}

{D306} McKenzie, P. M., & R. E. Noble. 1995. Observations of an Eastern Phoebe (Sayornis phoebe) flycatching insects from a white-tailed deer [Odocoileus virginianus]. J. Louisiana Ornithol. 3: 8--12. (USFWS, 608 E. Cherry St., Room 200, Columbia, MO 65201, USA.) {ROL #78}

{D306} McNair, D. B. 1997. Opportunistic foraging on seeds in attached cones on longleaf pine by Northern Cardinals. Oriole 62(1/2): 5--6. (Tall Timbers Res. Stn., Rt. 1, Box 678, Tallahassee, FL 32312, USA.)---Cardinalis cardinalis, Pinus palustris. {ROL #78}

{D306} Minton, C. D. T. 1998. Pied Oystercatcher feeding on golf course. Stilt 33: 37. (165 Dalgetty Rd., Beaumaris, Vic. 3193, Australia.)---Rare observation of Haematopus longirostris feeding on grassland.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{D306} Monteilo-Filho, E. 1995. Fishing behavior of Yellow-headed Caracara, Milvago chimachima (Falconidae) in southeast Brazil. Ciencia e Cultura 47: 86--87. (Dept. de Zoologia, Centro Politecnico, Univ. Federal do Parana, Curitiba, PR 81531-970 Brasil.)---Fishing is more common than preying on crabs.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{D306} Morris, D. L., & F. R. Thompson, III. 1998. Effects of habitat and invertebrate density on abundance and foraging behavior of Brown-headed Cowbirds. Auk 115: 376--385. (U. S. For. Serv., N. Central Res. Stn., 202 Anheuser-Busch Nat. Resour. Bldg., Univ. Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA; EM: dmorris@cmc2.cmc.edu)---Molothrus ater prefer grazed habitats and feedlots over ungrazed areas.---G.R.P. {ROL #78}

{D306} Murakami, M. 1998. [Foraging habitat shift in the Narcissus Flycatcher, Ficedula narcissina, due to the response of herbivorous insect to the strengthening defenses of canopy trees.] Ecol. Res. 13 (1): 73--82. (Biodiv. Group, Inst. Low Temp. Sci., Hokkaido Univ., Japan.)---Birds shifted foraging from the canopy to the understory of deciduous forest in response to the distribution of Lepidopteran larvae. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---H.N. {ROL #78}

{D306} Naoki, K. 1998. Seasonal change of flower use by the Slaty Flowerpiercer (Diglossa pumbea). Wilson Bull. 110: 393--397. (Mus. Nat. Sci. and Dept. Biol. Sci., 119 Foster Hall, Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA; EM: knaoki@unix1.sncc.lsu.edu)---Pair of birds maintained the same territory but seasonally changed flower use in response to abundance and composition.---J.J.Dos. {ROL #78}

{D306} Nevitt, G. 1999. Foraging by seabirds on an olfactory landscape. Am. Sci. 87: 46--53. (NPB, Univ. CA, Davis, CA 95616, USA; EM: ganevitt@ucdavis.edu)---Olfactory cues may play a role in enabling procellariiform seabirds to locate food.---V.M.D. {ROL #78}

{D306} Newell, P., & D. Newell. 1994. Diurnal provisioning of a Great Horned Owl nest. Migrant 65: 2--3. (129 Lick Meadow Road, Bristol, TN 37620, USA.)---Adult Bubo virginianus brought food to young at Bristol, Tennessee.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D306} Paulson, D. R. 1995. Sharp-shinned Hawk hunts from a thermal. Wash. Birds 4: 60--61. (Slater Mus. Nat. Hist., Univ. Puget Sound, Tacoma, WA 98416, USA.)---Accipiter striatus. {ROL #78}

{D306} Ragusa-Netto, J. 1997. Seasonal variation in foraging behavior of Cypsnagra hirundinacea in the campo-cerrado. Ararajuba, Rev. Bras. Ornitol. 5: 72--75. (Depto Ciencias do Ambiente, CEUC, UFMS, CxP 252, 79304-020 Corumba, MS-Brasil.)---White-rumped Tanager. {ROL #78}

{D306} Roche, J. P. 1998. Foraging tactics of the Black-bellied Plover. Connecticut Warbler 18: 133--142. (Dept. Biol., Indiana Univ., 402 North Park Ave., Bloomington, IN 47405, USA.)---Review of earlier work on Pluvialis squatarola suggests that migrants "can maintain an economical net rate of energy intake by fine-tuning a simple behavioral sequence to a wide range of conditions."---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D306} Ryan, P. G., & D. C. Nel. 1999. Foraging behaviour of diving petrels Pelecanoides. Emu 99: 72--74. (Percy FitzPatrick Inst., Univ. Cape Town, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa.) {ROL #78}

{D306} Smith, D. G. 1999. Eastern Screech-Owl behavior at a bal-chatri trap. Connecticut Warbler 19: 38--39. (No address given.)---Otus asio attack on mouse bait at Orange, CT.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D306} Solem, J. K. 1997. Birds observed eating adult gypsy moths in June 1990. Maryland Birdlife 53: 39. (10617 Graeloch Rd., Laurel, MD 20723, USA.)---Corvus sp., Dumetella carolinensis, and Quiscalus quiscula methods of feeding on moth Lymantria dispar in central Maryland.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D306} Tirano, Z., S. D. Strahl & J. Ojasti. 1995. Ecologia alimentaria del Gallito Azul (Porphyrula martinica) en los Llanos Centrales de Venezuela. [Feeding ecology of the Purple Gallinule in Llanos Centrales, Venezuela.] Ecotropicos 8(1--2): 53--61. {ROL #78}

{D306} Totterman, B. 1998. An observation of Black-winged Stilts foraging on the seashore with Pied Oystercatchers. Stilt 33: 38--39. (Empire Vale, Ballina, NSW 2478, Australia.)---Himantopus himantopus pecked occasionally in ocean beach wash zone adjacent to busily foraging Haematopus longirostris.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{D306} Tsuboshima, Y. 1994. [Little Egrets using their beaks as baits to lure fish.] Strix 13: 221--223. (6-9-22-101 Minamikannnon, Nishi-ku, Hiroshima-shi, Hiroshima 733, Japan.)---Egretta garzetta. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{D306} Ueda, K., & M. Karaki. 1997. [Nectar robbing from flowers of the introduced Bryophyllum pinnatum (Crassulaceae) by Japanese White-eyes.] Strix 15: 122--126. (Lab. Biol., Rikkyo Univ., Nishi-ikebukuro 3, Toshima-ku, Tokyo 171, Japan.)---Zosterops japonica. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{D308} Quintana, F., & P. Yorio. 1997. [Inter- and intra-specific kleptoparasitism at a mixed-species colony of Royal (Sterna maxima) and Cayenne Terns (Sterna eurygnatha). El Hornero 14(4): 256--259.---Only 2% of prey lost with higher indexes of intra-specific food robbing.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{D308} Stepniewski, A. 1989. Short-eared Owl subjected to piracy by Rough-legged Hawk. Wash. Birds 1: 40--41. (291 Windy Point Dr., Wapato, WA 98951, USA.)---Two instances of piracy by Buteo lagopus of Asio flammeus in winter.---J.B.B. {ROL #78}

{D502} Yang, A., E. A. Dunnington, & P. B. Siegel. 1997. Developmental stability in stocks of white leghorn chickens. Poult. Sci. 76: 1632--1636. (PBS: Dept. Anim. Poult. Sci., Virginia Polytech. Inst. State Univ., Blacksburg, VA 24061-0306, USA.)---An overall relative asymmetry (RA) created as a combination of the RAs of several bilateral traits, can be used to measure genetic stress in domestic chickens (Gallus domesticus), and may provide a method of comparing developmental stability among populations.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{D502} Yang, N., E. A. Dunnington, & P. B. Siegel. 1998. Forty generations of bidirectional selection for mating frequency in male Japanese Quail. Poult. Sci. 77: 1469--1477. (PBS: Anim. Poult. Sci. Dept., Virginia Polytech. Inst. State Univ., Blacksburg, VA 240661-0306, USA.)---A male line of Coturnix coturnix japonica selected for high mating frequencies showed greater body weights, higher levels of aggression and larger cloacal glands than males in a control line.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{D504} Beaumont, C., & et al. 1997. Genetic parameters of survival to the different stages of embryonic death in laying hens. Poult. Sci. 76: 1193--1196. (Inst. Natl. Rech. Agron., Stn. Rech. Avicoles, 37380 Nouzilly, France.)---The theoretical interests in distinguishing early vs. medium vs. late embryonic mortality in Gallus domesticus.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{D504} Cheng, H. H. 1997. Mapping the chicken genome. Poult. Sci. 76: 1101--1107. (USDA, Agric. Res. Serv., Avian Disease Oncol. Lab., 3606 E. Mount Hope Rd., East Lansing, MI 48823, USA.)---Efforts are underway to further improve the genetic map for Gallus domesticus; this map has potential to identify quantitative trait loci.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{D504} Dodgson, J. B., Cheng, H. H., & R. Okimoto. 1997. DNA marker technology: a revolution in animal genetics. Poult. Sci. 76: 1108--1114. (Dept. Microbiol., Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI 48824, USA.)---An overview of the development of both physical and linkage genome maps of Gallus domesticus with a particular emphasis on the ability to detect and characterize quantitative trait loci.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{D504} Vanhala, T., & et al. 1998. Evaluation of genetic variability and genetic distances between eight chicken lines using microsatellite markers. Poult. Sci. 77: 783--790. (Tuiskula-Haavisto, M., Agri. Res. Ctr. MTT, Anim. Produc. Res., Anim. Breeding, 31600 Jokioinen, Finland.)---Genetic variability and divergence are evaluated for 8 chicken genetic lines using 9 microsatellite markers. Allele distribution at the low side did not support either the infinite alleles or the step-wise mutation models. However the distribution pattern was quite irregular at the various loci.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{D504} Ye, X., & et al. 1998. Measurement of genetic variation within and between Japanese Quail lines using DNA fingerprinting. Poult. Sci. 77: 1755--1758. (Nestor, K. E., Dept. Anim. Sci., Ohio Agric. Res. Dev. Ctr., Ohio State Univ., Wooster, OH 44691, USA.)---Band-sharing within selected lines of Coturnix coturnix japonica ranged from 0.384 to 0.525. Selection generally tended to increase genetic homogeneity within lines.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{D508} Baker, M. C., & M. S. Johnson. 1998. Allozymic and morphometric comparisons among Indigo and Lazuli buntings and their hybrids. Auk 115: 537--542. (Biol. Dept., Colorado State Univ., Ft. Collins, CO 80523, USA; EM: mcbaker@lamar.colostate.edu)---Passerina cyanea, Passerina amoena. {ROL #78}

{D508} Bertonatti, C., & A. Lopez Guerra. 1997. [Hybridization between the Yellow Cardinal (Gubernatrix cristata) and the Common Diuca Finch (Diuca diuca minor) in the wild in Argentina.] El Hornero 14(4): 235-242.---2 such hybrids captured in the area of E Rio Negro province plus other 15 similar cases reported from captive birds. A pair was successfully bred in captivity confirming the case. This hybridization may result from the over-capture of male cardinals for the pet trade. ---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{D508} Gill, F. B. 1998. Hybridization in birds. Auk 115: 281--283. (Natl. Audubon Soc., 700 Broadway, New York, NY 10003, USA; EM: fgill@audubon.org)---General comments with references to Auk 115: 284-310, 533-537, 537-542.---A.D.F. {ROL #78}

{D508} Harrop, A. H. J. 1993. Presumed Red-crested Pochard × Northern Pintail hybrid. Br. Birds 86: 130--131. (30 Dean St., Oakham, Rutland LE15 6AF, UK.)---Netta rufina × Anas acuta. {ROL #78}

{D508} Hunn, E. S., & G. Gerdts. 1994. Sighting of a possible hybrid Rufous × Allen’s Hummingbird in King County, Washington. Wash. Birds 3: 51--54. (Dept. Anthropol., Univ. Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.)---Selasphorus rufus, Selasphorus sasin. {ROL #78}

{D508} Jorgensen, J. G. 1998. Mystery duck at Sinninger Waterfowl Production Area, York County [Nebraska]. Nebraska Bird Rev. 66: 4--5. (1218 Jackson St., Blair, NE 68008, USA.)---Apparently a hybrid between Anas crecca carolinensis and some other species.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D508} Latta, S. C., K. C. Parkes, & J. M. Wunderle, Jr. 1998. A new intrageneric Dendroica hybrid from Hispaniola. Auk 115: 533--537. (Div. Biol. Sci., 110 Tucker Hall, Univ. Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA; EM: c675819@showme.missouri.edu)---Dendroica magnolia × Dendroica coronata. {ROL #78}

{D508} Morris, A. 1998. Point/counterpoint. Strange Aythya ducks. Another Aythya. Birding 30: 62--63. (1455 Whitewood Drive, Deltona, FL 32725, USA.)---Possible Aythya collaris × Aythya americana hybrid at Rockport, Texas, 14 Jan 1997.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D508} Murase, Y. 1994. [On the appearance of the bill pattern of the sub-specific hybrid between Whistling and Bewick's swans.] Strix 13: 238--242. (2-2-17 Tokiwadai, Kitakami-shi, Iwate 024, Japan.)---Cygnus columbianus bewickii, Cygnus columbianus columbianus. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{D508} Pratt, H. D. 1991. Hybridization of Great-tailed and Boat-tailed grackles (Quiscalus) in Louisiana. J. Louisiana Ornithol. 2(1): 2--14. (Mus. Nat. Sci., Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA.)---Quiscalus mexicanus, Quiscalus major. {ROL #78}

{D508} Rohwer, S., & C. Wood. 1998. Three hybrid zones between Hermit and Townsend's warblers in Washington and Oregon. Auk 115: 284--310. (Burke Mus. Dept. Zool., Box 353010, Univ. Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA; EM: rohwer@u.washington.edu)---Dendroica occidentalis, Dendroica townsendi. {ROL #78}

{D508} Shimizu, Y. 1993. [A hybrid between the Mallard and the Pintail.] Strix 12: 254--255. (Inada 2350-12, Nagano, Nagano 380, Japan.)---Anas platyrhynchos, Anas acuta. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{D508} Shimizu, Y. 1993. [A hybrid between the American Widgeon and the Eurasian Widgeon.] Strix 12: 256--257. (Inada 2350-12, Nagano, Nagano 380, Japan.)---Anas americana, Anas penelope. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{D702} Allan, D. G., & R. A. G. Davies. 1992. Identification of juvenile Verreaux’s Eagle---a correction. Br. Birds 85: 680--683. (South. African Atlas Proj., Dept. Statistical Sci., Univ. Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700, S. Africa.)---Aquila verreauxii, Aquila rapax. {ROL #78}

{D702} Bradshaw, C. 1992. Field identification of Black-faced Bunting. Br. Birds 85: 653--665. (9 Tynemouth Pl., North Shields, Tyne & Wear NE30 4BJ, UK.)---Emberiza spodocephala. {ROL #78}

{D702} Bradshaw, C. 1993. Separating juvenile Little and Baillon’s crakes in the field. Br. Birds 86: 303--311. (9 Tynemouth Pl., North Shields, Tyne and Wear NE30 4BJ, UK.)---Porzana parva, Porzana pusilla. {ROL #78}

{D702} Bradshaw, C., & M. Gray. 1993. Identification of female Pine Buntings. Br. Birds 86: 378--386. (9 Tynemouth Pl., North Shields, Tyne and Wear NE30 4BJ, UK.)---Emberiza leucocephalos. {ROL #78}

{D702} Dunn, J. L., & D. Beadle. 1998. Longspurs---distribution and identification in basic plumage. Birders J. 7: 68--93. (153 Grange Hall Rd., Beavercreek, OH 45430, USA.)---Calcarius spp., with general discussion of ranges and timing of movements; illustrated with color photos and plates; preliminary remarks on age and sex identification in basic plumage.---A.L.L. {ROL #78}

{D702} Dunne, P. 1998. Looking close---Overlooking the obvious. Birding 30: 67--68. (Cape May Bird Observatory Center Res. Edu., 600 Rte. 47N, Cape May Courthouse, NJ 08210, USA.)---Shape and posture in field identification of various species of North American birds.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D702} Green, P. 1998. Possible anywhere. Fieldfare. Birding 30: 212--219. (P.O. Box 6599, Colorado Springs, CO 80934, USA.)---Summary of previous records of Turdus pilaris in northeastern North America with comments on telling this species from Turdus viscivorus, Turdus philomelos and Turdus iliacus; 9 color photos and map of previous occurrences.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D702} Hough, J. 1998. Identification notes. Stints and sandpipers. Problems, pitfalls and misconceptions. Connecticut Warbler 18: 61--71. (21 Walnut St., Naugatuck, CT 06770, USA.)---Distinguishing among Calidris pusilla, Calidris minuta, Calidris mauri, and Calidris ruficollis.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D702} Hume, R. A. 1992. Identification of Little Egret Egretta garzetta. Br. Birds 85: 21--24. (15 Cedar Gns., Sandy, Bedfordshire SG19 1EY, UK.) {ROL #78}

{D702} Hume, R. A. 1993. Common, Arctic, and Roseate Terns: an identification review. Br. Birds 86: 210--217. (15 Cedar Gardens, Sandy Bedfordshire SG19 1EY, UK.)---Sterna hirundo, Sterna paradisaea, Sterna dougallii. {ROL #78}

{D702} Hunter, M. G., & D. C. Bailey 1998. Shy conclusions. Some lessons in pelagic birding. Birding 30: 234--239. (2670 SW Pickford St., No. 77, Corvallis, OR 97333, USA.)---Identification of Diomedea cauta off Oregon; 4 color photos.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D702} Kemper, C. 1997. Identifying HY sparrows. N. Am. Bird Bander 22: 189. (733 Maple St., Chippewa Falls, WI 54729-3225, USA.)---Distinguishing among young Melospiza melodia, Melospiza georgiana, and Melospiza lincolnii.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D702} Laird, W., & A. Gencz. 1993. Field identification of Long-billed Pipit in the West Palearctic. Br. Birds 86: 6--15. (39 Knocksallagh Pk., Greenisland, Belfast BT 38 8SS, UK.)---Anthus similis. {ROL #78}

{D702} Lee, C-T., & A. Birch. 1999. Field identification of female and immature Bullock's and Baltimore orioles. Birding 31: 282--295. (120 Brown St., Kennebunk, ME 04043, USA; EM: sing@gwi.net)---Icterus bullockii vs. Icterus galbula; maps, color plate, 6 color photos.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D702} Lehman, P. 1998. Little-known plumages from Alaska [USA]. Birders J. 7: 105--107. (P.O. Box 379, Cape May, NJ 08204, USA.)---Photographs and discussion of plumages of species seen in Alaska in August and that may occur in YT and coastal BC in the future: Sterna aleutica Juvenal, Calidris ptilocnemis Juvenal, Anthus cervinus Basic I, Calidris ruficollis Juvenal.---A.L.L. {ROL #78}

{D702} Lethaby, N. 1998. Identifying Eurasian and Pine siskins. Birding 30: 118--123. (1112 North Abbott Ave., Milpitas, CA 95035, USA.)---Separating Carduelis spinus and Carduelis pinus.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D702} Lethaby, N., & J. Bangma. 1999. Band-tailed Gulls in North America. Some notes on identification. Birding 31: 56--64. (1112 North Abbott Ave., Milpitas, CA 95035, USA; EM: nlethaby@ix.netcom.com)---Larus belcheri; map, 10 color photos.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D702} Lockwood, M. W. 1999. Possible anywhere. Fork-tailed Flycatcher. Birding 31: 126--139. (6710 Lancret Hill Dr., Austin, TX 78745, USA; EM: mwlockwood@juno.com)---Summary of records of Tyrannus savana north of Mexico with notes on specific and subspecific identification.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D702} Paulsen, I. 1989. Plumages of Washington's rail chicks. Wash. Birds 1: 22--23. (9501 Moran Rd. NE, Bainbridge Island, WA 98110, USA.)---Rallus limicola, Porzana carolina. {ROL #78}

{D702} Paulsen, I. 1992. "New" kinglet field mark. Wash. Birds 2: 35. (9501 Moran Rd. NE, Bainbridge Island, WA 98110, USA.)---Yellow tarsi and toes distinctive of Regulus calendula, Regulus satrapa.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{D702} Riddiford, N., & P. V. Harvey. 1992. Identification of Lanceolated Warbler. Br. Birds 85: 62--78. (Fair Isle Bird Observ., Fair Isle, Shetland ZE2 9JU, U. K.) {ROL #78}

{D702} Robertson, I. S. 1992. Identification pitfalls: Crane. Br. Birds 85: 587--592. (1 Central Ave., Clitheroe, Lancashire BB7 2PZ, UK.)---Grus grus. {ROL #78}

{D702} Ryan, R. 1998. Point/counterpoint. Strange Aythya ducks. "Scuffing" yes, but probably not "contamination". Birding 30: 61--62. (38 Brookside Ave., Livingston, NJ 07039, USA.)---Concludes from examination of Figure 2 in Vinicombe (Birding 30: 61, 1998) that marking on bill probably from scuffing of captive bird rather than hybridization.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D702} Shirihai, H. 1993. Separation of Striated Scops Owl from Eurasian Scops Owl. Br. Birds 86: 287. ((PO Box 4168, Eilat 88102, Israel.)---Otus brucei, Otus scops. {ROL #78}

{D702} Small, B. 1992. First-summer Hobbies in the New Forest. Br. Birds 85: 251--255. (20 Willow Green, Worlingworth, Woodbridge, Suffolk IP13 7LP, UK.)---Describes a plumage of Falco subbuteo which could cause confusion with Falco vespertinus.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{D702} Szantyr, M. 1998. Black-legged Kittiwake at a distance. Connecticut Warbler 18: 146--147. (No address given.)---Distinguishing adult winter Rissa tridactyla from second winter Larus delawarensis.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D702} Szantyr, M. 1998. Identification notes. The western hat trick: Black-headed Grosbeak, Bullock's Oriole, and Western Tanager. Connecticut Warbler 18: 180--194. (662 Phoenixville Rd., Chaplin, CT 06235, USA.)---Separating Pheucticus melanocephalus and Pheucticus ludovicianus, Icterus bullockii and Icterus galbula, and Piranga ludoviciana, Piranga olivacea, and Piranga rubra.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D702} Toochin, M. 1998. Possible anywhere. Tufted Duck. Birding 30: 370--383. (No. 38-6871 Francis Rd., Richmond, BC V7C 4S9, Can.)---Distinguishing Aythya fuligula from other Aythya spp. with review and map of previous records in North America.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D702} Tove, M. H. 1997. Fea's Petrel in North America. Part I. Taxonomy, distribution, and identification. Birding 29: 206--214. (303 Dunhagen Pl., Cary, NC 27511, USA.)---Pterodroma feae. {ROL #78}

{D702} Vinicombe, K. 1998. Point/counterpoint. Strange Aythya ducks. Can Canvasbacks show white on the bill? Birding 30: 60--61. (11 Kennington Ave., Bishopton, Bristol BS7 9EU, UK.)---Bird in England resembling Aythya valisineria male had obvious white patch behind upper tip of bill; 3 of 6 males in the Slimbridge collection also possessed some white on the upper mandible; two color photos of such birds including one previously assumed to be a hybrid between valisineria and Common Pochard, Aythya ferina.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D702} Wingate, D. B., et al. 1998. Identification of Bermuda Petrel. Birding 30: 18--36. (Dept. Agr. Fish. Parks, P.O. Box HM 834, Hamilton HM CX, Bermuda.)---Distinguishing Pterodroma cahow from Pterodroma hasitata, Pterodroma feae, and Pterodroma madeira in the field and in the hand.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D702} Zimmerman, D. 1998. Notes on the Curlew Sandpiper. New Mexico Ornithol. Soc. Bull. 26: 51--52. (No address given.)---Identification of Calidris ferruginea. Errata on p. 98.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D704} Craig, S. 1998. Possible key to sexing some Loggerhead Shrikes. N. Am. Bird Bander 23: 83. (1530 Robidoux Circle, Colorado Springs, CO 80915, USA.)---A significant number of adult female Lanius ludovicianus breeding in eastern Colorado have a pale patch at the base of the mandible that may be horn-colored, lavender, perhaps even slightly pink.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D704} Howell, S. N. G., & B. McKee. 1998. Variation in second-year Mew Gulls. Birders J. 7: 210--213. (Pt. Reyes Bird Obs., 4990 Shoreline Hwy., Stinson Beach, CA 94970, USA.)---Larus canus brachyrhynchus; plumage variation illustrated with photos and line drawing; this variation can lead to confusion with first-winter L. c. canus; describe distinguishing features of the subspecies.---A.L.L. {ROL #78}

{D704} Mundy, R. P., & J. D. McCracken. 1997. Bill color as an age character in Yellow Warblers. N. Am. Bird Bander 22: 116--118. (Long Point Bird Observatory, P.O. Box 160, Port Rowan, ON N0E 1MO, Can.)---In Ontario, paler and intermediate colored basal and central portions of the lateral surfaces of the lower mandibles correctly aged 98.2% and 93% of hatching-year Dendroica petechia; dark bills correctly aged 88.8% of after-hatching-year birds. The criterion is most useful from summer through at least September, less so in winter and spring.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D704} Murata, K., et al. 1998. [Sexing the Oriental White Stork by PCR using a single plucked feather as a source of DNA.] Jap. J. Ornithol. 46: 157--162. (Kobe Municipality Oji Zoo, 3-1 Oji-cho, Nada-ku, Kobe 657, Japan.)---Ciconia boyciana. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{D704} Parkes, K. C. 1997. Precocious cranial pneumatization in a Song Sparrow. N. Am. Bird Bander 23: 1. (Carnegie Mus. Nat. Hist., 4400 Forbes Ave., Pittsburg, PA 15213, USA.)---Left side of cranium with windows, right side completely pneumatized in female Melospiza melodia at Carrick, PA, 3 Sep 1975.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D704} Renner, M., & L. S. Davis. 1999. Sexing Little Penguins Eudyptula minor from Cook Strait, New Zealand, using discriminant function analysis. Emu 99: 74--79. (Dept. Zool., Univ. Otago, P.O. Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand.) {ROL #78}

{D704} Sweeney, J. J., & P. Tatner. 1996. Sexing Wrens Troglodytes troglodytes indigenus using morphological measurements and discriminant analysis. Bird Study 43: 342--350. (Dept. Biol. Sci., Univ. Paisley, High St., Paisley, Renfrewshire PA1 2BE, UK.) {ROL #78}

{D902} Berthold, P. 1995. Microevolution of migratory behaviour illustrated by the Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla: 1993 Witherby Lecture. Bird Study 42: 89--100. (Max Planck Inst. Behav. Physiol., Vogelwarte Radolfzell, Schloss Möggingen, D-78315 Radolfzell, Germany.)---Substantial changes can occur in short period, e.g., British wintering population.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{D902} Bolshakov, C. V., et al. 1998. Flight directions and density of nocturnal passerine migration in the northern part of the Balkan Peninsula in autumn: preliminary results. Avian Ecol. Behav. 1: 50--67. (Zool. Inst., Russ. Acad. Sci., Biol. Stn. "Rybachy," Rybachy, Kaliningrad Reg. 238535, Russia; EM: Rybachy@bioryb.koenig.su) {ROL #78}

{D902} Bolshakov, C. V., & S. P. Rezvyi. 1998. Time of nocturnal flight initiation (take-off activity) in the European Robin Erithacus rubecula during spring migration: visual observations between sunset and darkness. Avian Ecol. Behav. 1: 37--49. (Zool. Inst., Russ. Acad. Sci., Biol. Stn. "Rybachy," Rybachy, Kaliningrad Reg. 238535, Russia; EM: Rybachy@bioryb.koenig.su) {ROL #78}

{D902} Fuwa, S., T. Tsuruzoe, & T. Kozono. 1993. [Observation of autumn migration of the Chinese Sparrowhawk Accipiter soloensis at Mt. Kinpou, Kaagoshima Prefecture {Japan}.] Strix 12: 101--106. (Taka-agari, 3-13-13 Hoshigamine, Kagoshima-shi, Kagoshima 981-01, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{D902} Gauthreaux, S. A., Jr., D. S. Mizrahi, & C. G. Belser. 1998. Bird migration and bias of WSR-88D wind estimates. Weather and Forecasting 13: 465--481. (Dept. Biol. Sci., Clemson Univ. Clemson, SC 29634-1903, USA.)---Migrating birds are responsible for increased wind velocity estimates and directional bias on the new doppler weather radars---S.A.G. {ROL #78}

{D902} Leverton, R. 1993. Migrant Ring Ouzels at a stopover site on the South Downs [England]. Br. Birds 86: 253--266. (Whitewells, Ordiquhill, Cornhill, Banffshire AB45 2HS, UK.)---Turdus torquatus studied over 14 seasons.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{D902} Main, I. G. 1996. Seasonal movements of British Greenfinches Carduelis chloris. Bird Study 43: 240--252. (6 The Spinney, Parkgate, South Wirral L64 6RX, UK.) {ROL #78}

{D902} Otahal, C. D. 1998. Fall stopover behavior of Willow Flycatchers using a riparian corridor in central California. N. Am. Bird Bander 23: 115--123. (21 Vineyard Ct., Hollister, CA 95023, USA.)---Migrant Empidonax traillii stayed 2--19 days (mean 6 days) with lighter birds likely to remain longer and with gross mass changes and rates of mass change positively related to length of stay.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D902} Ramsey, R. W. 1992. Fall retreat of Rock Wrens. Wash. Birds 2: 32. (10511 Interlaken Dr. SW, Tacoma, WA 98498, USA.)---Fall movement of Salpinctes obsoletus in Washington.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{D902} Stepniewski, A. 1989. Horned Larks "bottled up" near Toppenish. Wash. Birds 1: 42--43. (291 Windy Point Dr., Wapato, WA 98951, USA.)---Mid--winter flocks of 5,000--10,000 Eremophila alpestris in Yakima Co., Washington.---J.B.B. {ROL #78}

{D902} Urbanek, R. P., & T. A. Bookhout. 1994. Performance of captive-reared cranes released into a migration route in eastern North America. Pp. 121--129. in The future of cranes and wetlands (H. Higuchi & J. Minton, eds.). (Ohio Coop. Fish & Wildl. Res. Unit, Ohio State Univ., 1735 Neil Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, USA.)---Grus americana, Grus canadensis. {ROL #78}

{D902} Woodrey, M. S., & F. R. Moore. 1997. Age-related differences in the stopover of fall landbird migrants on the coast of Alabama. Auk 114: 695--707. (Mississippi Mus. Nat. Sci., Mississippi Dept. Wildl., Fish., Pks., 111 N. Jefferson St., Jackson, MS 39202, USA; EM: woodrey@mmns.state.ms.us)---Adult birds carry significantly higher fat loads than young birds, resulting in probable age-related differences in flight range.---M.L.F. {ROL #78}

{D902} Yoshii, M., & K. Yoshii. 1992. [Hawk migration in Ise {Japan}.] Strix 11: 233--243. (130-2 Fujisato-cho, Ise-shi, Mie 516, Japan.)---Butastur indicus. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{D904} Baird, J. 1999. The epic autumnal flight of the Blackpoll Warbler. Birding 31: 65--73. (P.O. Box 516, Petersham, MA 01366, USA; EM: JCB@totalnetNH.net)---Review of fall migration of Dendroica striata; excerpt from forthcoming book.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D904} Beaton, G. 1995. Late Yellow-rumped Warbler in Columbia County. Oriole 60: 89--90. (320 Willow Glen Dr., Marietta, GA 30068, USA.)---Male Dendroica coronata seen just west of Lewiston, 30 May 1995 is the latest spring date for Georgia.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D904} Bedell, P. 1997. Fall migration stopover of a Hooded Warbler. Raven 68: 156. (10120 Silverleaf Terrace, Richmond, VA 23236, USA.)---Wilsonia citrina present 10--17 Oct 1992 in Chesterfield Co., Virginia.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D904} Chong, J., H. Higuchi, & U. Pak. 1992. [The migration routes and important resting areas of cranes in the Korean Peninsula.] Strix 11: 21--34. (Fac. Edu., Korean Univ., 1-700 Ogawa-cho, Kodaira-shi, Tokyo 187, Japan.)---Indicates important stop-over sites for Grus vipio and Grus monacha. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{D904} Chong, J., H. Higuchi, & U. Pak. 1994. The migration routes and important rest-sites of cranes on the Korean Peninsula. Pp. 41--50. in The future of cranes and wetlands (H. Higuchi & J. Minton, eds.). (Fac. Edu., Korean Univ., 1-700 Ogawa-cho, Kodaira-shi, Tokyo 187, Japan)---Grus monacha, Grus vipio. {ROL #78}

{D904} Currie, N. 1998. Connecticut's 1997 fall hawk migration. Connecticut Warbler 18: 72--78. (21 Walnut St., Naugatuck, CT 06770, USA.) {ROL #78}

{D904} Currie, N. 1999. Connecticut's 1998 fall hawk migration. Connecticut Warbler 19: 28--35. (21 Walnut St., Naugatuck, CT 06770, USA.) {ROL #78}

{D904} Dobbs, M. 1995. Late Scarlet Tanager sighting in Clarke County. Oriole 60: 92. (115 White Ct., Athens, GA 30602, USA.)---Winter-plumaged male Piranga olivacea seen just north of Athens 19 Nov 1995 is 7 days later than the previous late date for Georgia.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D904} Dorgan, C., & R. A. Duncan. 1998. Brown-headed Cowbird movements across the Gulf of Mexico. Alabama Birdlife 43(2): 13--15. (15225 River Park Rd., Fairhope, AL 36532, USA.)---15 Molothrus ater landed on a boat 243 km S of Cameron, LA on 13 May 1997.---J.B.O. {ROL #78}

{D904} Dowell, B. A., & C. S. Robbins. 1998. Wintering Ovenbird from Belize recovered on Pennsylvania breeding ground. N. Am. Bird Bander 23: 109. (Biol. Resour. Div., USGS, Patuxent Wildl. Res. Ctr., 11410 American Holly Dr., Laurel, MD 20708-4015.---Seiurus aurocapillus. {ROL #78}

{D904} Higuchi, H., et al. 1992. [Satellite tracking of the migration routes of cranes from southern Japan.] Strix 11: 1--20. (Lab. Wildl. Biol., Sch. Agric. & Life Sci., Univ. Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113, Japan.)---Four Grus vipio and two Grus monacha were satellite-tracked from their wintering sites to breeding sites.---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{D904} Higuchi, H., et al. 1994. Satellite tracking of Common Cranes Grus grus migrating north from Keoladeo National Park, India. Pp. 26--31. In The future of cranes and wetlands (H. Higuchi & J. Minton, eds.). (Lab. Wildl. Biol., Sch. Agric. & Life Sci., Univ. Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113, Japan.)---Two Grus grus were satellite-tracked.---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{D904} Holmes, D. A. 1994. Migration of swifts in the genus Apus through Nusatenggara [Indonesia]. Kukila 7: 69--71. (P.O. Box 310, Bogor 16003, West Java, Indonesia.)---Apus pacificus, Apus affinis. {ROL #78}

{D904} Inouye, K. 1994. [Spring Accipiter migration in northwest Shikoku {Japan}.] Strix 12: 85--92. (Tani 5-356, Yawatahama-shi, Ehime 796, Japan.)---Accipiter gentilis, Accipiter gularis, and Accipiter nisus. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{D904} Inouye, K. 1997. [The migration of Grey-faced Buzzard-Eagles in spring in northwestern Kyushu {Japan}.] Strix 15: 130--132. (11-4 Shigetomi, Ezu-machi, Kumamoto-shi, Kumamoto 864, Japan.)---Butastur indicus. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{D904} Inouye, K. 1998. [Migration of Honey Buzzards in Goto-Retto Fukue-shima, Nagasaki Prefecture, western Japan.] Strix 16: 109--120. (Tani 5-356, Yawatahama-City, Ehime 796-8037, Japan.)---Pernis apivorus. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{D904} Inouye, K. 1998. [Spring migration of Honey Buzzards and Grey-faced Buzzard-Eagles in Tsushima, Nagasaki Prefecture {Japan}.] Strix 16: 171--174. (Tani 5-356, Yawatahama-City, Ehime 796-8037, Japan.)---Pernis apivorus, Butastur indicus. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{D904} Kanai, Y., et al. 1997. [The migration routes and important rest-sites of Whooper Swans satellite-tracked from northern Japan.] Strix 15: 1--13. (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.)---8 Cygnus cygnus were satellite tracked from their wintering sites to breeding sites.---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{D904} Kobayashi, Y., & Hayashi, E. 1999. [An experiment of analysing migration period of shorebirds by daily observation record: the case study of Tokyo Port Wild Bird Park.] Strix 17: 69--76. (Tokyo Port Wild Bird Pk., 3-1 Toukai, Ota-ku, Tokyo 143-0001, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{D904} Kuroiwa, T., et al. 1998. [The spring migration of Grey-faced Buzzard-Eagles in Kochi {Japan}.] Strix 16: 121--126. (1-1-26 Kamobe, Kochi-shi, Kochi 780, Japan.)---Butastur indicus. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{D904} Kuroiwa, T., et al. 1999. [A migration route of the Honey Buzzard in Kochi, southwestern Japan.] Strix 17: 119--126. (1-1-26 Kamobe, Kochi-shi, Kochi 780-8052, Japan.)---Pernis apivorus and Butastur indicus. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{D904} Lane, S. G. 1998. A note on Channel-billed Cuckoos. Aust. Birds 31(3): 84. (66 Fairview Rd., Moonee via Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia.)---Scythrops novaehollandiae. {ROL #78}

{D904} Lane, S. J. 1996. [An observation of migrating Black-crowned Night Herons Nycticorax nycticorax.] Strix 14: 171--172. (Lab. Appl. Ornithol., Natl. Agric. Res. Ctr., Kannondai 3-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaragi 305, Japan.) {ROL #78}

{D904} Machado, C. G. 1997. Vireo olivaceus (Vireonidae): uma especie migratoria nos bandos mistos de aves na Mata Atlantica do sudeste brasileiro. [Vireo olivaceus: a migrant species in mixed flocks of birds in the Atlantic Rain Forest in southeastern Brazil.] Ararajuba, Rev. Bras. Ornitol. 5: 60--62. (EM: graco@uefs.br) {ROL #78}

{D904} Mason, C. F. 1995. Long-term trends in the arrival dates of spring migrants. Bird Study 42: 182--189. (Dept. Biol., Univ. Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester CO 4 3SQ, UK.)---Data on 23 species over 50-yr period.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{D904} Messenger, D. 1993. Spring passage of Little Gulls across northern England. Br. Birds 86: 397--406. (103 Hampstead Rd., Liverpool L6 8NO, UK.)---Larus minutus. {ROL #78}

{D904} Michael, J. H., Jr. 1994. Dark-eyed Junco migratory site fidelity. Wash. Birds 3: 54--55. (Wash. Dept. Fish Wildl., 600 Capitol Way N., Olympia, WA 98501, USA.)---Distinctively marked Junco hyemalis briefly at same feeder 2 springs in a row.---D.R.P. {ROL #78}

{D904} Minton, C. D. T., & R. Jessop. 1998. Sightings of leg-flagged waders from Victoria, Australia: report number 6. Stilt 33: 43--48. (165 Dalgetty Rd., Beaumaris, Vic. 3193, Australia.)---Detailed listing and commentary on 14 species with orange leg-flags.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{D904} Paulson, D. R. 1989. Early arrival dates for juvenile shorebirds in the Pacific Northwest. Wash. Birds 1: 27--32. (Slater Mus. Nat. Hist., Univ. Puget Sound, Tacoma, WA 98416, USA.)---Records for 31 species.---J.B.B. {ROL #78}

{D904} Powell, L. A., W. R. Clark, & E. E. Klaas. 1998. Distribution and derivation of Mallard band recoveries from the Upper Mississippi River, 1961--1989. N. Am. Bird Bander 23: 2--12. (Dept. Anim. Ecol., Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA 50011, USA.)---Upper Mississippi continues to be important stopover point in migration of Anas platyrhynchos.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D904} Rodriguez, D., & B. Sanchez. 1993. Ecologia de las palomas terrestres cubanas (generos Geotrygon y Starnoenas). [Ecology of terrestrial columbids in the genera Geotrygon and Starnoenas.] Poeyana 428: 1--19. (Instituto de Ecologia y Sistematica, Academia de Ciencias Cuba, A.P. 8010 La Habana, 10800, Cuba.)---These species are threatened by anthropogenic effects in their habitats.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{D904} Sewell, J. 1995. Late fall Scarlet Tanager in Forsyth County. Oriole 60: 90--92. (4608 Westhampton Dr., Tucker, GA 30984, USA.)---Winter plumaged male Piranga olivacea seen east of Cumming 12 Nov 1995 is 10 days later than the previous late date for Georgia.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D904} Shibaev, Y. V., & S. G. Surmach. 1994. Autumn migration of Red-crowned and White-naped cranes, Grus japonensis and G. vipio, in the Primorye Region, Far East Russia. Pp. 114--120. in The future of cranes and wetlands (H. Higuchi & J. Minton, eds.). (Inst. Biol. & Soil Sci., Far East. Br., Russian Acad. Sci., Vladivostock 690022, Russia.) {ROL #78}

{D904} Shirihai, H., & D. A. Christie. 1992. Raptor migration at Eilat. Br. Birds 85: 141--186. (P.O. Box 4168, Eilat 88102, Israel.)---Six spring and three autumn surveys, 1977--1988. Five abundant species, Aquila nipalensis, Milvus migrans, Buteo buteo vulpinus, Accipiter brevipes, Pernis apivorus and four common ones, Neophron percnopterus, Circaetus gallicus, Accipiter nisus, and Circus aeruginosus.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{D904} Sokolov, L. V., et al. 1998. Long-term trends in the timing of spring migration of passerines on the Courish Spit of the Baltic Sea. Avian Ecol. Behav. 1: 1--21. (Zool. Inst., Russ. Acad. Sci., Biol. Stn. "Rybachy," Rybachy, Kaliningrad Reg. 238535, Russia; EM: Rybachy@bioryb.koenig.su) {ROL #78}

{D904} Sutton, C., & P. Sutton. 1999. River of raptors. Exploring and enjoying Pronatura Veracruz's Raptor Conservation Project. Birding 31: 229--236. (129 Bucks Ave., Cape May Courthouse, NJ 08210, USA.)---Account of extraordinary hawk-watching sites at Cardel and Chichicaxtle, Atlantic Mexico; ¾ to 1 million birds or more have been counted in a single day. Essentially 100% of some North American raptor species (e.g. Mississippi Kite, Ictinia mississippiensis, 188,000 counted in 1998) pass along this route, allowing estimates of total species populations.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D904} Taber, B. 1997. College Creek hawk watch. Raven 68: 110--112. (103 Exeter Ct., Williamsburg, VA 23185, USA.)---1,368 raptors of 12 species recorded during 45 days of observation 16 Feb--24 May 1997 in the Virginia Coastal Plain; Cathartes aura (947 recorded), Pandion haliaetus (132), and Haliaeetus leucocephalus (74) were recorded most frequently.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D904} Taber, B. 1998. Merlin migration at Kiptopeke, Virginia, September through November 1995--1997. Raven 69: 53--54. (103 Exeter Ct., Williamsburg, VA 23185, USA.)---A mean of 2396 Falco columbarius recorded in coastal Virginia, with peak times of passage from mid- to late afternoon.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D904} van Balen, S., & R. E. Johnstone. 1997. Notes on the migration of Sacred Kingfishers in Indonesia. Kukila 9: 78--80. (Dept. Terr. Ecol. & Nat. Cons., Wageningen Agric. Univ., Bornsesteeg 69, 6708 PD, Wageningen, Netherlands.)---Halcyon sancta. {ROL #78}

{D904} Whalen, D. M., et al. 1997. Magnitude and timing of the fall migration of Northern Saw-whet Owls through the eastern shore of Virginia, 1994--1996. Raven 68: 97--104. (Center Conserv. Biol., Coll. William & Mary, Williamsburg, VA 23187, USA.)---More than 90% of Aegolius acadicus captured between 1 Nov and 5 Dec, with median migration dates ranging from 12 Nov 1994 to 17 Nov 1995; numbers caught and proportions of adults and immatures varied widely from year to year.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{D904} Wilson, H. 1989. Short-billed Dowitcher migration at Bottle Beach, Grays Harbor, Washington, during spring 1989. Wash. Birds 1: 37--39. (Dept. Zool., Univ. Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.)---Limnodromus griseus. {ROL #78}

{D904} Higuchi, H., et al. 1994. The migration routes and important rest-sites of cranes satellite tracked from south-central Russia. Pp. 15--25. in The future of cranes and wetlands (H. Higuchi & J. Minton, eds.). (Lab. Wildl. Biol., Sch. Agric. & Life Sci., Univ. Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113, Japan.)---Four Grus vipio and one Grus monacha were satellite-tracked from their breeding sites to wintering sites.---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{D906} Chernetsov, N. 1998. Stopover length and weight change in juvenile Reed Warblers Acrocephalus scirpaceus in autumn in the Eastern Baltic. Avian Ecol. Behav. 1: 68--75. (Zool. Inst., Russ. Acad. Sci., Biol. Stn. "Rybachy," Rybachy, Kaliningrad Reg. 238535, Russia; EM: nikita@sc1356.spb.edu) {ROL #78}

{D906} Piersma, T., & R. E. Gill, Jr. 1998. Guts don't fly: small digestive organs in obese Bar-tailed Godwits. Auk 115: 196--203. (Netherlands Inst. Sea Res., P. O. Box 59, 1790 AB Den Burg, Texel, The Netherlands; EM: theunis@nioz.nl)---Limosa lapponica baueri heading south from Alaska have higher fat loads than northbound birds from New Zealand.---C.A.H. {ROL #78}

{E101} Costa S., F. 1996. Dois casos de anormalidades em bicos de Beija flores (Trochilidae; Aves). [Abnormal beaks in hummingbirds.] Acta Biol. Leopoldensia 18(1): 167--169. (Secao de Ornitologia, Museu de Historia Natural Capao de Imbuia, Rua Benedito Conceicao, 407, 82810-080 Curitiba PR, Brasil.)---Clytolaema rubricauda, Amazilia versicolor. {ROL #78}

{E101} Hoff, R. D. 1994. Partially albinistic Horned Lark in Shelby County, Tennessee. Migrant 65: 58. (2512 Grey Hendrix Rd., Knoxville, TN 37931, USA.)---Eremophila alpestris, with wings largely white, back white with gray streaks, head mostly whitish but with a dark mask through the eye.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{E101} Hollis, R. J. 1997. Albinistic Blue Jay in Carroll County, Maryland. Maryland Birdlife 53: 38. (3351 Lower West Branch Rd., Iowa City, IA 52245, USA.---Detailed description of Cyanocitta cristata seen near Pleasant Valley.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{E101} Johnson, S. 1998. Extremely leucistic Zonotrichia sparrow in Genessee Co. (MI). Michigan Birds Nat. Hist. 5: 53--64. (8264 Creekwood Dr., Grand Blanc, MI 48439 USA.)---Zonotrichia leucophrys or Zonotrichia querula, with photos.---J.A.C. {ROL #78}

{E101} Putnam, C. 1998. Xanthochroistic Hairy Woodpecker in Gratiot Co. (MI). Michigan Birds Nat. Hist. 5: 59. (309 E. Oregon, Lapeer, MI 48446 USA.)---Male Picoides villosus with yellow in place of red.---J.A.C. {ROL #78}

{E101} Rustay, C. 1998. Melanistic Sandhill Crane in Valencia County, New Mexico. New Mexico Ornithol. Soc. Bull. 26: 25--26. (1824 Stanford NE, Albuquerque, NM 87106, USA.)---Grus canadensis. {ROL #78}

{E101} Smith, V. A., & K. Evans. 1997. White mystery gull. Utah Birds 13: 45--47. (796 N. 700 E., Morgan, UT 84050, USA.)---Bird seen and photographed 4 Oct 1997 along Great Salt Lake likely to have been a partial albino Larus californicus.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{E101} Zelaya, D., et al. 1997. Albinismo en un ejemplar de Ostrero Comun (Haematopus palliatus). Nuestras Aves: 1--2.---Albino American Oystercatcher in Buenos Aires Province.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{E102} Wideman, R. F., Jr., & et al. 1998. Flow-dependent pulmonary vasodilation during acute unilateral pulmonary artery occlusion in jungle fowl. Poult. Sci. 77: 615--626. (Dept. Poult. Sci., Univ. Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA.)---"Giant Junglefowl" are probably a primitive domestic strain and not truly pure Gallus gallus. They are highly resistant to the onset of pulmonary hypertension syndrome, possibly owing to an inherent capacity for flow-dependent pulmonary vasodilation. This capacity may reduce their susceptibility by reducing the increment in pulmonary arterial pressure which is required to propel an increased flow of blood through the lungs.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{E104} Mosso, E., et al. 1994. Aspectos anatomicos e histologicos del aparato digestivo de la Garza Bruja Nycticorax nycticorax hoactli Gmelin 1789 (Aves: Ardeidae). [Anatomy and histology of the digestive tract of the Black-crowned Night-heron.] Revista Ceres 41(234): 113--125. (Dirección General de Ecología y Protección de la Fauna MAGIC, Bv. Pellegrini 3100, 3000 Santa Fe, Argentina.) {ROL #78}

{E104} Witmer, M. C. 1998. Do seeds hinder digestive processing of fruit pulp? Implications for plant/frugivore mutualisms. Auk 115: 319--326. (Dept. Biol., Bryn Mawr Coll., Bryn Mawr, PA 19010, USA; EM: mwitmer@brynmawr.edu)---Processing of fruit linked to rate of absorption not physical composition of diet; Bombycilla cedrorum, Turdus migratorius, Hylocichla mustelina, Catharus minimus, Catharus guttatus.---A.D.F. {ROL #78}

{E106} Henry, M. H., & W. H. Burke. 1998. Sexual dimorphism in broiler chick embryos and embryonic muscle development in late incubation. Poult. Sci. 77: 728--736. (Dept. Poult. Sci., Univ. Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-2772, USA.)---Male embryos may have smaller but more numerous myofibers than females. This difference may be responsible for observed intersexual differences in embryo weight.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{E106} Logan, M., & C. J. Tabin. 1999. Role of Pitx1 upstream of Tbx4 in specification of hindlimb identity. Science 283: 1736--1739. (CJT: Dept. Genetics, Harvard Med. Sch., 200 Longwood Ave., Boston, MA 02115, USA; EM: tabin@rascal.med.harvard.edu)---Chick wing buds in which Pitx1 was mis-expressed developed into limbs with some morphological characteristics of hindlimbs.---M.J.J. {ROL #78}

{E106} Petitte, J. N., L. Karagenc, & M. Ginsburg. 1997. The origin of the avian germ line and transgenesis in birds. Poult. Sci. 76: 1084--1092. (Dept. Poult. Sci., N. C. State Univ., Raleigh, NC 27695, USA.)---The biology of avian primordial germ cells during the early stages of embryonic development needs to be better understood.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{E106} Simkiss, K. 1997. Embryo manipulation of the germplasm. Poult. Sci. 76: 1093--1100. (Sch. Anim. Microb. Sci., Univ. of Reading, Reading, RG6 6AJ, UK.)---Chimeras can be used to access the genome of Gallus domesticus. This new approach for chromosome manipulation may prove useful in exploiting the properties of the avian microchromosome system.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{E108} Hood, L. C., P. D. Boersma, & J. C. Wingfield. 1998. The adrenocortical response to stress in incubating Magellanic Penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus). Auk 115: 76--84. (PDB: Dept. Zool., Box 351800, Univ. Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA; EM: boersma@u.washington.edu)---Levels of corticosterone in blood after 25-min of handling negatively correlated with body mass and body condition.---M.E.B. {ROL #78}

{E112} Fernandez, A., et al. 1994. Estudio de parametros fisiologicos e inmunologicos de pinguinos antarticos al estado libre. [Physiological and inmunological parameters of penguins in the wild.] Cont. Cient. Inst. Antartico Argentino 441: 1--12. (Lab. de Inmumologia, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias UNICEN Tandil, Buenos Aires. Argentina.)---Owing to their migratory habits, penguins serve well as epidemiological sentinels.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{E114} Barrantes, G. 1993. Comparacion del peso de diferentes tipos de plumas entre cinco especies de aves del paramo de Chirripo, Costa Rica. [Comparison of weight in several types of feathers among five bird species of the Chirripo, Paramo, Costa Rica.] Rev. Biol. Trop. 41: 901--903. (Museo de Zoologia, Escuela de Biologia, Univ. de Costa Rica.)---Plumage weight was compared between highland and wide-ranging species. Relative plumage weight was not clearly related with body weight for any feather type, and was higher in the highland species.---S.C. {ROL #78}

{E114} Dove, C. J. 1998. Microscopic variation in downy feather characters of Charadriiformes (AVES): A descriptive and phylogenetic analysis. Ph.D. dissert., George Mason Univ., Fairfax, VA. (Smithsonian Inst., Div. Birds, NHB, MRC 116, Washington, DC 20560; EM: dovec@nmnh.si.edu.)---Microscopic variation in plumulaceous feather characters of more than 145 species of Charadriiformes and outgroup taxa are described and tested using parsimony analysis. Tree statistics and character indices of plumulaceous feather characters are comparable to osteological characters in tracking phylogeny but are best used in combination with osteological data sets.---C.J.D. {ROL #78}

{E114} Franklin, D. C., P. L. Dostine, & S. A. Tidemann. 1998. Post-juvenile moult strategies of co-existing Gouldian, Long-tailed and Masked finches. Corella 22: 73--79. (Pks. Wildl. Comm. NT, P.O. Box 496, Palmerston, NT 0831, Australia.)---Erythrura gouldiae moult simultaneously regardless of age, retain juvenile characteristics longer than the other species, and undertake only a partial post-juvenile moult. Poephila acuticauda and Poephila personata show a progressive, age-related, full moult in their first year.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{E114} Gargallo, G. 1996. Evidence for partial prenuptial moult in adult and first-year Penduline Tits Remiz pendulinus. Bird Study 43: 157--163. (Mus. Zool., Apt. 593 08080 Barcelona, Spain.)---Contrary to earlier accounts, birds of both age groups undertake a partial prealternate molt.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{E114} Hussell, D. J. T. 1998. The first prebasic molt in Snow Buntings. N. Am. Bird Bander 23: 78--80. (Wildl. Nat. Her. Sci. Sect., Ontario Min. Nat. Resour., P.O. Box 7000, Peterborough, ON K9J 8M5, Can.)---Juvenile Plectrophenax nivalis do not molt greater coverts, at least in North American high-arctic populations, contra Pyle (N. Am. Bird Bander 22: 49--89).---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{E114} Jardine, D. C. 1994. Brood patch on a Common Crossbill Loxia curvirostra still in juvenile plumage. Bird Study 41: 155--156. (61 Eastwood Grange Rd., Hexham, Northumberland, NE46 1UE, UK.) {ROL #78}

{E114} Kitazawa, H., & T. Watanabe. 1992. [Molting of the Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus at Oguti lotus fields.] Strix 11: 329--332. (Shinmeityo 3-18, Sanzyou 955, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{E114} Linville, S. U., & R. Breitwisch. 1997 Carotenoid availability and plumage coloration in a wild population of Northern Cardinals. Auk 114: 796--800. (Dept. Biol., Univ. Dayton, Dayton, OH 45469, USA; EM: svrsul@aol.com)---Plumage brightness in Cardinalis cardinalis decreased after a local wild fruit crop failed.---C.A.H. {ROL #78}

{E114} Marshman, P. 1992. Sexual plumage dimorphism of adult Sparrowhawks. Br. Birds 85: 569--571. (36 Church St., Llwyn-y-pia, Tonypandy, Mid Glamorgan CF40 2ND, UK.)---Points out an error for Accipiter nisus in Birds of the Western Palearctic, vol. 2.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{E114} Minton, C. D. T., & R. Jessop. 1998. Annual variation in the moult score of two Ruddy Turnstones Arenaria interpres. Stilt 33: 38. (165 Dalgetty Rd., Beaumaris, Vic. 3193, Australia.)---Four recaptures during primary moult show differences between birds and between years.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{E114} Monge Najera, J., & F. Hernandez. 1994. Spatial organization of the structural color system in the quetzal, Pharomachrus mocinno (Aves: Trogonidae) and evolutionary implications. Rev. Biol. Trop. 42: 131-139.---Green barbules are thick segmented ribbons twisting slightly along main axis and ending in a bifid or trifid filament. Color mechanism significantly influences feather shape. Evolutionary convergence of avian structural color suggested.---S.C. {ROL #78}

{E114} Pavez, E. F. 1998. Observaciones sobre el patron de coloracion en machos y hembras de Aguilucho (Buteo polyosoma, Quoy y Gaimard, 1824). [Colorations patterns in male and female Red-backed Hawks.] Bol. Chil. Ornitol. 5: 21--23. (EM: sntep@dames.com)---Plumage development studied with captive birds; males keep a female-type plumage until the 4th- 5th year.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{E114} Pyle, P. 1997. Molt limits in North American Passerines. N. Am. Bird Bander 22: 49--89. (Point Reyes Bird Obs., 4990 Shoreline Highway, Stinson Beach, CA 94970, USA.)---Limits or boundaries between replaced and retained wing and rectrices examined for 288 species based on the examination of over 16,000 specimens. A very long table with extensive notes provides data on variation in molting of greater coverts, tertials, secondaries and rectrices in partial molts in first year birds and adults; includes a list of 82 references on molt.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{E114} Redman, N. 1993. Female plumage of Desert Sparrow. Br. Birds 86: 131--133. (74 Chatburn Rd., Clitheroe, Lancashire BB7 2AT, UK.)---African race of Passer simplex shows strong sexual dimorphism whereas Asian race does not.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{E114} Rymkevich, T. A., & J. G. Bojarinova. 1996. Variation in the extent of postjuvenile moult in the Great Tit near Lake Ladoga (Russia). Bird Study 43: 47--59. (Biol. Inst., St. Petersburg State Univ., Oraniebaumskoje sh. 2, Stary Peterhoff, St. Petersburg, 198904 Russia.)---Molt is photoperiodically controlled.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{E114} Smith, L. H. 1999. Structural changes in the main rectrices of the Superb Lyrebird Menura novaehollandiae in the development of filamentary feathers. Emu 99: 46--59. (36 Duke St., Kew, Vic. 3101, Australia.) {ROL #78}

{E114} Vega Rivera, J. H., et al. 1998. Pattern and chronology of prebasic molt for the Wood Thrush and its relation to reproduction and migration departure. Wilson Bull. 110: 384--392. (Virginia Polytech. State Univ., Dept. Fish. Wildl. Serv., Blacksburg, VA 24061-0321, USA; EM: jvega@alala.crc.si.edu)---Breeding Hylocichla mustelina generally begin molting after fledgling independence. No departure from study area was observed before flight-feather molt was finished.---J.J.Dos. {ROL #78}

{E114} Voelker, G., & S. Rohwer. 1998. Contrasts in scheduling of molt and migration in Eastern and Western warbling-vireos. Auk 115: 142--155. (Barrick Mus., Univ. Nevada Las Vegas, 4505 Maryland Parkway, Box 454012, Las Vegas, NV 89154, USA; EM: voelker@hrc.nevada.edu)---Eastern (Vireo gilvus) birds complete prebasic molt on breeding grounds whereas Western (Vireo swainsonii) birds that breed north of Mexico continue the prebasic molt during migration.---C.A.H. {ROL #78}

{E116} Baker, P. E. 1998. A description of the first live Poouli captured. Wilson Bull. 110: 307--310. (c/o 8 Raglan Court, Silloth, Cumbria, CA5 4BW, England, UK.)---Comparison of endangered adult male Melamprosops phaeosoma captured in 1997 with immature specimen and previous descriptions.---J.J.Dos. {ROL #78}

{E116} Beintema, A. J. 1994. Condition indices for wader chicks derived from body-weight and bill-length. Bird Study 41: 68--75. (Inst. For. Nat., P.O. Box 23, 6700 AA Wageningen, Netherlands.)---Vanellus vanellus, Limosa limosa, Tringa totanus, and Haematopus ostralegus. {ROL #78}

{E116} Fujita, K. 1993. [Seasonal change of Great Tits' Parus major body weight in winter.] Strix 12: 73--79. (Yokohama Nat. Sanctuary, Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 1562-1 Kamigou-cho, Sakae-ku, Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa 247, Japan.)---Body weight tended to decrease from January to March. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{E116} Gosler, A. G. 1994. Mass-change during moult in the Great Tit Parus major. Bird Study 41: 146--154. (Edward Grey Inst. Field Ornithol., Dept. Zool., South Parks Rd., Oxford OX1 3PS, UK.) {ROL #78}

{E116} Kawamoto, M. 1993. [The weight of a female European Kestrel on the wintering ground.] Strix 12: 205--208. (Hijimachi 1-18 B34, Shinnanyou-shi, Yamaguchi 746 Japan.)---A female Falco tinnunculus gained weight from January to March. (Japanese, Engl. summ.)---M.J.U. {ROL #78}

{E116} King, J. R., & R. Griffiths. 1994. Sexual dimorphism of plumage and morphology in the Coal Tit, Parus ater. Bird Study 41: 7--14. (Edward Grey Inst. Ornithol., Dept. Zool., South Parks Rd., Oxford OX1 3PS, UK.)---Method should allow correct sexing of 90% of British Coal Tits.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{E116} McCanch, N. V. 1992. A gynandromorphic House Sparrow. Br. Birds 85: 675--676. (Calf of Man Bird Obs., c/o Juan Clague, Kionslieu, Plantation Hill, Port St. Mary, Isle of May, UK.)---Passer domesticus. {ROL #78}

{E116} Minton, J. 1994. [Measurements of 21 Falco peregrinus furuitii specimens.] Strix 13: 247--249. (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.) {ROL #78}

{E116} Sant'anna, C. E. R., & J. A. F. Diniz-Filho. 1997. Autocorrelacao filogenetica para o tamanho do corpo em corujas (Strigiformes) da America do Sul. [Phylogenetic auto-correlation of body size in South American owls (Strigiformes).] Ararajuba, Rev. Bras. Ornitol. 5: 39--43. (EM: diniz@icb1.ufg.br) {ROL #78}

{E116} Wendeln, H., & P. H. Becker. 1996. Body mass change in breeding Common Terns Sterna hirundo. Bird Study 43: 85--95. (Inst. f. vogelforsch. "Vogelwarte Helgoland," An der Vogelwarte 21, D-26386 Wilhelmshaven, Germany.) {ROL #78}

{E118} Dyachenko, V. P. 1998. Adaptive variations of circadian rhythm involved in photoperiodically induced fat deposition in the Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs. Avian Ecol. Behav. 1: 102--110. (Biol Stn. Rybachy, Zool. Inst., Russ. Acad. Sci., 199034 St. Petersburg, Russia; EM: Rybachy@bioryb.koenig.su) {ROL #78}

{E118} Gavrilov, V. M., et al. 1998. Population and ecological effects of variation and interaction of energetic parameters in birds with special reference to Great Tit Parus major and Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca. Avian Ecol. Behav. 1: 87--101. (Dept. Vert. Zool. Gen. Ecol., and Zvenigorod Biological Station, Moscow State Univ., 119899 Moscow, Russia; EM: Valery@VGavrilov.home.bio.msu.ru) {ROL #78}

{E118} Hogsette, J. A., H. R. Wilson, & S. L. Semple-Rowland. 1997. Effects on white leghorn hens of constant exposure to ultraviolet light from insect traps. Poult. Sci. 76: 1134--1137. (Ctr. Med., Agric., Vet. Entomol. Res., USDA Agric. Res. Serv., P.O. Box 14565, Gainesville, FL 32604, USA.)---Light from ultraviolet insect traps resulted in no significant differences in egg production, hatchability or fertility of eggs of Gallus domesticus.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{E118} Janssens, G. P. J., & et al. 1998. The reduction of heat production in exercising pigeons after L-Carnitine supplementation. Poult. Sci. 77: 578--584. (Lab. Anim. Nutrition, Univ. Ghent, Heidestr. 19, B-9820, Merelbeke, Belgium.)---Supplementing racing pigeon diets with L-Carnitine improved fatty acid combustion efficiency during heavy exercise.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{E118} Novoa, F., & M. Rosenmann. 1996. Cambios estacionales en las capacidades energeticas de Zonotrichia capensis (Emberizidae) en Chile Central. [Seasonal changes in energetic capabilities of Zonotrichia capensis (Emberizidae) in central Chile.] Rev. Chilena Hist. Nat. 69: 379--385. (Dept. de Ciencias Ecológicas, Fac. de Ciencias, Univ. de Chile Casilla 653, Santiago Chile; EM: fnovoa@abello,dic.uchile.cl.)---Metabolism increases in the warmest months.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{E118} Riddington, R., et al. 1996. The impact of disturbance on the behaviour and energy budgets of Brent Geese Branta b. bernicla. Bird Study 43: 269--279. (Sch. Environ. Sci., Univ. East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK.)---May need to feed at night to acquire enough energy.---D.W. {ROL #78}

{E118} Sant'anna, C. E. R., & J. A. F. Diniz-Filho. 1997. Conceito energetico do valor adaptativo e tamanho otimo do corpo para a avifauna brasileira. [Energetic definition of fitness and optimal body size for Brazilian birds.] Ararajuba, Rev. Bras. Ornitol. 5: 69--72. EM: (diniz@icb1.ufg.br) {ROL #78}

{E120} Birkhead, T. R., et al. 1997. Breeding-cycle patterns of sperm storage in the Pied Flycatcher (Ficedula hypoleuca). Auk 114: 792--796. (Dept. Anim. Plant Sci., The Univ., Sheffield S10 2TN, UK; EM: t.r.birkhead@sheffield.ac.uk)---Size of sperm-storage tubules and number of sperm increased during prelaying period and decreased during egg laying.---C.A.H. {ROL #78}

{E120} Ligon, J. D. 1997. A single functional testis as a unique proximate mechanism promoting sex-role reversal in coucals. Auk 114: 800--801. (Dept. Biol., Univ. New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA; EM: jdligon@unm.edu)---The lack of a functional left testis in Centropus males may be causally related to sex-role reversal.---C.A.H. {ROL #78}

{E120} Widowski, T. M., D. M. A. Lo Fo Wong, & I. J. H. Duncan. 1998. Rearing with males accelerates onset of sexual maturity in female domestic fowl. Poult. Sci. 77: 150--155. (Dept. Anim. Poult. Sci., Univ. Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1, Can.)---The degree of contact which female domestic chickens (Gallus domesticus) were allowed to have with males during their rearing, affected their later physiological measures of reproduction differently than behavioral measures.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{E122} Fedde, M. R. 1998. Relationship of structure and function of the avian respiratory system to disease susceptibility. Poult. Sci. 77: 1130--1138. (Dept. Anat. Physiol., Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS 66506-5602, USA.)---Gas flow pathways and mechanisms for particle removal in the parabronchi may explain why the caudal air sacs are the predominant site of respiratory infections in domestic poultry.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{E124} Zheng, W., & E. I. Knudsen. 1999. Functional selection of adaptive auditory space map by GABAA-mediated inhibition. Science 284: 962--965. (Dept. Neurobiol., Fairchild Sci. Bldg., Stanford Univ. Sch. Med., Stanford, CA 94305, USA; EM: weimin@barnowl.stanford.edu)---In Tyto alba, old and newly learned auditory maps coexist, with the old map selectively overwhelmed by GABAergic neurons.---M.J.J. {ROL #78}

{E126} Donatelli, R. J. 1997. Osteologia e miologia cranianas de Dendrocolaptidae (Passeriformes, Tyranni) 1. Generos Glyphorynchus, Campylorhamphus, Dendrocincla, Xiphorhynchus e Dendrocolaptes. [Cranial osteology and myology of woodcreepers.] Ararajuba, Rev. Bras. Ornitol. 5: 19--37. (EM: rjdonat@azul.bauru.unesp.br) {ROL #78}

{E300} Ruben, J. A., et al. 1999. Pulmonary function and metabolic physiology of theropod dinosaurs. Science 283: 514--516. (Zool. Dept., Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR 97331, USA.)---Scipionyx samniticus did not have a bird-like lung.---M.J.J. {ROL #78}

{E308} Alvarenga, H. M. F. 1998. Sobre a ocorrencia do condor (Vultur gryphus) no Holoceno da regiao de Lagoa Santa, Minas Gerais, Brasil. [On the presence of the Andean Condor in the Holocene of the Lagoa Santa Region, Minas Gerais, Brazil.] Ararajuba, Rev. Bras. Ornitol. 6: 60--63. (No address available.) {ROL #78}

{E308} Long, J. A., et al. 1998. The Cervantes egg: an early Malagasy tourist to Australia. Records West. Aust. Mus. 19: 39--46. (West. Aust. Mus., Francis St., Perth, WA 6000, Australia.)---The Aepyornis maximus egg from Cervantes, Western Australia was found to be about 2000 years old. It probably drifted on oceanic currents from Madagascar.---M.G.B. {ROL #78}

{E308} Noriega J., I. 1991. Un nuevo genero de Furnaridae (Aves: Passeriformes) del Pleistoceno Inferior-Medio de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina. [A new genus of Furnaridae from the Pleistocene in Argentina.] Ameghiniana 28: 317--323. (Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Museo de la Plata, Paseo del Bosque s/n,[1900] La Plata, Argentina.)---Pseudoseisuropsis nehuen.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{E310} Jimenez Vazquez, O. 1997. Seis nuevos registros de aves fosiles en Cuba. El Pitirre 10: 49. {ROL #78}

{E310} Suarez, W., & O. Arredondo. 1997. Nuevas adiciones a la paleornitologia cubana. El Pitirre 10(3): 100--102. {ROL #78}

{E501} Ingraham, S. 1997. Compact binoculars. Birding 29: 244--245. (120 Brown St., Kennebunk, ME 04043, USA; EM: sing@gwi.net)---Discussion of various models with recommendations for their use.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{E501} Ingraham, S. 1998. Zooms to buy for. Review of big new scopes with zoom eyepieces. Birding 30: 70--74. (120 Brown St., Kennebunk, ME 04043, USA; EM: sing@gwi.net)---Comparisons of 8 different telescopes with recommendations.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{E501} Ingraham, S. 1999. Bigger binoculars! Who needs them?Birding 31: 275--278. (120 Brown St., Kennebunk, ME 04043, USA; EM: sing@gwi.net)---Comments on various image qualities of large versus small objective binoculars with specific comments on five models.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{E501} Ingraham, S. 1999. Meade ETX. A Questar for the rest of us? (and how about that Celestron C-90?). Birding 31: 275--278. (120 Brown St., Kennebunk, ME 04043, USA; EM: sing@gwi.net)---Comparisons of 3 upper end mirror telescopes.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{E501} Witt, T. J. 1999. Tools of the trade. Spotting-scope lens covers. Birding 31: 338. (507 Highland Terr., Murfreesboro, TN 37130, USA.)---Use of plastic pill bottles and elastic caps and velcro-attached lens caps for eyepiece and objective, respectively.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{E502} Burger, M. F. 1997. Estimating lipid and lean masses in a wintering passerine: an evaluation of TOBEC. Auk 114: 762--769. (Sch. Nat. Resour. Environ., Univ. Michigan, 430 E. Univ., Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA; EM: mburger@umich.edu)---Use of total body electrical conductivity (TOBEC) did not significantly improve estimates.---A.D.F. {ROL #78}

{E502} Gessaman, J. A., R. D. Nagle, & J. D. Congdon. 1998. Evaluation of the cyclopropane absorption method of measuring avian body fat. Auk 115: 175--187. (Dept. Biol. Ecol. Ctr., Utah State Univ., Logan, UT 84322, USA; EM: fajimg@cc.usu.edu)---Advantages and disadvantages of this difficult method.---S.C.L. {ROL #78}

{E502} Mitchell, A. D., R. W. Rosebrough, & J. M. Conway. 1997. Body composition analysis of chickens by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. Poult. Sci. 76: 1746--1752. (Growth Biol. Lab., USDA Agric. Res. Serv., Beltsville, MD 20705, USA.)---Although this technique may be useful for measuring body composition of chickens (Gallus domesticus), it must be refined before it can be used routinely.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{E504} Levengood, J. M., J. W. Seets, & G. C. Sanderson. 1998. A watering system for ducks housed in batteries of cages. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 26: 108--110. (Ctr. Wildl. Ecol., Illinois Nat. Hist. Survey, 607 E. Peabody Dr., Champaign, IL 61820, USA.) {ROL #78}

{E506} Arcese, P., & V. M. Bauldry. 1997. Corroboration of the North American Breeding Bird Survey for Eastern Bluebirds. N. Am. Bird Bander 22: 169--172. (Dept. Wildl. Ecol., Univ. Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA.)---BBS population trend estimates for Sialia sialis were a reasonably accurate indicator of population trends in birds near Green Bay, WI.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{E506} Davis, W. E. 1997. Breeding bird atlases. A chance for birders to make important contributions. Birding 29: 194--205. (Div. Sci. Math., Coll. Gen. Stud., Boston Univ., 87 Commonwealth Ave., Boston, MA 02215, USA.) {ROL #78}

{E506} Davis, J. B., R. M. Kaminski, & S. E. Stephens. 1998. Wood Duck eggshell membranes predict duckling numbers. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 26: 299--301. (Dept. Wildl. Fish., Miss. State Univ., Box 9690, Miss. State, MS 39762, USA.)---Aix sponsa. {ROL #78}

{E506} Kanzaki, T., et al. 1998. [An experiment in counting the number of Greater Scaups by aerial photographs.] Strix 16: 143--147. (Japanese Soc. Preserv. Birds. 2-5-5, Shinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160, Japan.)---Aythya marila. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{E506} Koizumi, N. 1999. [Mapping of song posts of the Great Tit Parus major carried out in monthly bird walks at Meiji Shrine {Japan}.] Strix 17: 147--153. (Wild Bird Soc. Japan, Shinjuku Ito Build., 5-18-16 Shinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 160-0022, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{E506} Orgeira, J. L. 1997. [Use of an infrared sensor for estimating the nesting densities of Wilson's Storm Petrel (Oceanites oceanicus) in Antarctica.] El Hornero 14(4): 249--252.---Completely effective with no obvious error sources and reduction of human disturbance during such studies.---J.M.B. {ROL #78}

{E506} Peach, W. J., S. T. Buckland, & S. R. Bailie. 1996. The use of constant effort mist-netting to measure between-year changes in the abundance and productivity of common passerines. Bird Study 43: 142--156. (BTO, The Nunnery, Thetford, Norfolk IP24 2PU, UK.) {ROL #78}

{E506} Rojas-R., R., et al. 1998. Inventario de las aves de un bosque altoandino: comparacion de dos metodos. [Bird surveys in Andean forests: comparisons of two methods.] Caldasia 20: 29--43. {ROL #78}

{E506} Shrader, J., & K. Shrader. 1999. Maps for birders. How to get from Point A to Point B. Birding 31: 323--330. (2717 Sugar Ridge Ln., Centerville, OH 45458-2870, USA.)---Varieties of maps and their uses with useful two-page summary of map resources including Web sites.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{E506} West, L. M., L. M. Smith, & R. R. George. 1988. The relationship between White-winged Dove call-count surveys and nest densities in an urban environment. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 26: 259--263. (2320 Pebblebrook Rd., Kissimmee, FL 34741, USA.)---Call-count surveys are poor indicators of Zenaida asiatica nest numbers in urban settings.---W.P.J. {ROL #78}

{E506} Westcott, D. A. 1999. Counting cassowaries: what does cassowary sign reveal about their abundance? Wildl. Res. 26: 61--67. (CSIRO Trop. For. Res. Ctr., P.O. Box 780, Atherton, Qld. 4883, Australia.)---Current "indicators of activity" used to estimate abundance of Casuarius casuarius may be unreliable. A better method is suggested.---M.G.B. {ROL #78}

{E506} Redpath, S. M. 1994. Censusing Tawny Owls Strix aluco by use of imitation calls. Bird Study 41: 192--198. (Inst. Terr. Ecol., Monks Wood, Abbots Ripton, Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire PE17 2LS, UK.) {ROL #78}

{E508} Kanai, Y., A. Kondoh, & H. Higuchi. 1994. Analysis of crane habitat using satellite images. Pp. 72--85. in The future of cranes and wetlands (H. Higuchi & J. Minton, eds.). (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.)---Grus vipio, Grus monacha, Grus japonensis. {ROL #78}

{E508} Kondoh, A., Y. Kanai, & H. Higuchi. 1994. The theory and practice of environmental analysis through Landsat images. Pp. 61-71. in The future of cranes and wetlands (H. Higuchi & J. Minton, eds.). (Dept. Geog., Tokyo Metropolitan Univ., Minami Osawa 1-1, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-03, Japan.) {ROL #78}

{E508} Kuroda, T. 1994. Satellite environmental monitoring system for the 21st Century. Pp. 86--92. in The future of cranes and wetlands (H. Higuchi & J. Minton, eds.). (NEC Corporation, 4035 Ikebe-cho, Midori-ku, Yokohama 226, Japan.) {ROL #78}

{E509} King. D., D. Ragland, & O. Adeola. 1997. Apparent and true metabolizable energy values of feedstuffs for ducks. Poult. Sci. 76: 1418--1423. (OA: Dept. Anim. Sci., Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN 47907-1151, USA.)---Apparent and true metabolizable energy values are provided for corn, wheat, parboiled rice, dehulled oats and rye for domestic Anas domesticus.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{E509} Montalti, D., & N. R. Coria. 1994. Tecnica de lavado estomacal para estudios de dieta en aves marinas. [A stomach washing technique to study diets in seabirds.] Cont. Cient. Inst. Antartico Argentino 429: 1--6. (Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Museo U.N.L.P.)---100% efficiency in Procellariiformes.---C.G.S. {ROL #78}

{E510} Kamata, M., et al. 1996. [Assessment of the amount of benthos by substratum conditions.] Strix 14: 201--203. (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{E510} Rogers, K. G., & D. I. Rogers. 1998. Primary moult should be recorded inside out. Corella 22: 108--110. (340 Ninks Rd., St Andrews, Vic. 3761, Australia.)---For shorebirds, location of innermost primary is confirmed when count equals ten at outermost. Counting other way can miss gaps and mistake outer secondaries as inner primaries.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{E510} Stephenson, T. 1999. Localizing bird sounds. Birding 31: 182--187. (48 Knox Rd., Brewster, NY 10509, USA; EM: tstphnsn@aol.com)---Locating birds in the field.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{E510} Yunick, R. P. 1997. Measuring sugar-water consumption to monitor fluctuations in hummingbird abundance. N. Am. Bird Bander 22: 114--115. (1527 Myron St., Schenectady, NY 12309-4223, USA.)---Use by Archilochus colubris near Corinth, New York also indicated peaks of migration.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{E512} D’Costa, S., & J. N. Petitte. 1998. Sex identification of turkey embryos using a multiplex polymerase chain reaction. Poult. Sci. 77: 718--721. (JNP: Dept. Poult. Sci., Univ. North Carolina, Raleigh, NC 27695-7608, USA.)---This rapid and simple technique for sexing avian embryos will facilitate studies on avian sex determination.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{E512} Moskoff, W. 1998. DNA fingerprinting. Revealing avian reproductive and social behaviors. Birding 30: 124--131. (Dept. Biol., Lake Forest Coll., Lake Forest, IL 60045, USA.)---Review of technique and its applications in studying North American birds.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{E512} Sorenson, M. D., & T. W. Quinn. 1998. Numts: a challenge for avian systematics and population biology. Auk 115: 214--221. (Dept. Biol., Boston Univ., 5 Cummington St., Boston, MA 02215, USA; EM: msoren@bu.edu)---Avian blood samples are likely to yield error-producing nuclear sequences of mitochondrial origin and ought not be used in phylogenetic analyses; alternative methods suggested.---M.A.L. {ROL #78}

{E514} García S., J. A., et al. 1997. Indices de diversidad en ornitofauna: análisis en un matorral desertico micrófilo de Coahuila, Mexico. [Bird biodiversity indices: analysis in a microphyll desertic shrub of Coahuila, Mexico.] Rev. Biol. Trop. 45: 1683--1687. (Lab. de Ornitología, F.C.B., UANL, A.P. 425, C.P. 6645, San Nicolas de Los Garza, Nuevo León, Mexico.)---The pattern of intraspecific diversity was best described by logarithmic series distribution, while interspecific diversity was best described by the a of log series and H'. The a of log series was preferred for its discriminant ability among very similar sites and low sensitivity to sample size.---S.C. {ROL #78}

{E514} Roth, D., & R. Peterson. 1997. A neotropical migratory bird prioritization for national forests and grasslands. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-298: 3--12. (USDA For. Serv., Rocky Mtn. Region, 1920 Valley Dr., Pueblo, CO 81008, USA.)---Summarizes use and application of prioritization databases for 2 national grasslands.---W.M.G. {ROL #78}

{E515} Bilogan, J. L., & N. F. Payne. 1998. A dike-drag to locate duck nests. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 26: 101--102. (Coll. Nat. Resour., Univ. Wisconsin, Stevens Point, WI 54481, USA.) {ROL #78}

{E515} Niizuma, Y., & A. Takahashi. 1998. [An artificial nest-box for burrow-nesting Leach's Storm-Petrels.] Strix 16: 152--155. (Lab. Appl. Zool., Fac. Agric., Hokkaido Univ., Sapporo 060, Japan.)---Oceanodroma leucorhoa. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{E515} Whitehead, P. J., & S. Turner. 1998. Using the presence and condition of eggshells to determine nest success in the Magpie Goose Anseranas semipalmata. Wildl. Res. 25: 603--609. (Pks. Wildl. Comm. NT, P.O. Box 496, Palmerston, NT 0831, Australia.)---Nesting success within and between colonies was estimated from post-hatching surveys of nest structures.---M.G.B. {ROL #78}

{E515} Wong, S. 1998. Estimating the hatch dates of Australian Brush-Turkey embryos by candling. Wildl. Res. 25: 669--676. (Sch. Environ. Stud., Griffith Univ., Nathan, Qld. 4111, Australia.)---Methodology for rapid assessment of the age of embryos in megapode eggs, which do not form fixed air spaces. Alectura lathami.---M.G.B. {ROL #78}

{E516} Currie, D., N. Nour, & F. Adriaensen. 1996. A new technique for filming prey delivered to nestlings, making minimal alterations to the nest box. Bird Study 43: 380--382. (Univ. Antwerp, Dept. Biol. [UIA], B-2610, Antwerp, Belgium.) {ROL #78}

{E516} Ingraham, S. 1998. Frustrated photographer? Try a point-and-shoot. Birding 30: 149--152. (120 Brown St., Kennebunk, ME 04043, USA; EM: sing@gwi.net)---Comparisons of 5 camera models and their use in documenting records.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{E518} Otero, A., & M. Ortells. 1995. Intravenous blood extracting method in penguins: a detailed description in Pygoscelis papua. Cont. Cient. Inst. Antartico Argentino 444: 1--6. (Dept. Quimica Biol. & Dept. Biol., Fac. Cienc. Exactas y Naturales, Univ. Buenos Aires Pabellon 2, Ciudad Universitaria Nuñez, 1428 Buenos Aires, Argentina.) {ROL #78}

{E518} Peebles, E. D., & et al. 1998. The use of India ink and 51Cr-labeled microspheres in examining the function of the yolk stalk as a passageway between the yolk sac and intestine in posthatch broiler chicks. Poult. Sci. 77: 722--727. (Dept. Poult. Sci., Mississippi State Univ., Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA.)---Marker materials were used to establish that material in the yolk sac may move in a direct one-way passage through the yolk stalk into the intestine of broiler (Gallus domesticus) chicks during the first 5 days after hatching.---I.L.B. {ROL #78}

{E520} Belant, J. L., et al. 1998. Ineffectiveness of five commercial deterrents for nesting starlings. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 26: 264--268. (Denali Nat. Pk. Preserve, P.O. Box 9, Denali Nat. Pk., AK 99755, USA.)---Phenethyl alcohol, eyespots, magnetic fields, and avian-predator effigies are ineffective in deterring Sturnus vulgaris from nesting in artificial cavities.---W.P.J. {ROL #78}

{E520} Brown, P. R., & G. Lundie-Jenkins. 1999. Non-target mortalities during aerial strychnine baiting of house mice. Wildl. Res. 26: 117--128. (CSIRO Wildl. & Ecol., G.P.O. Box 284, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia.)---Of 157 birds from 15 species found dead in baited areas, 75% of deaths could be ascribed to strychnine poisoning. Most were either omnivores or granivores. Procedures to reduce non-target mortality are given.---M.G.B. {ROL #78}

{E520} Dexter, N., & P. Meek. 1998. An analysis of bait-take and non-target impacts during a fox-control exercise. Wildl. Res. 25: 147--155. (Biodiversity Unit, Environ. Australia, G.P.O. Box 636, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia.)---Trials on the central coast of New South Wales showed that Pied Currawongs Strepera graculina and Australian Ravens Corvus coronoides took a small number of baits.---M.G.B. {ROL #78}

{E520} Ickes, S. K., J. L. Belant, & R. A. Dobeer. 1998. Nest disturbance techniques to control nesting by gulls. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 26: 269--273. (1619 Cottage Ave. E., St. Paul, MN 55106, USA.)---Larus argentatus, Larus delawarensis. {ROL #78}

{E524} Black, J. E. 1998. Ontario [Can.] spring bird migration on weather radar. Birders J. 7: 310--315. (Dept. Physics, Brock Univ., St. Catherines, ON L2S 3A1, Can.)---Subtitled "How to anticipate good birding days during spring migration." Illustrated with color photos of weather radar at Buffalo, NY; major airports in Can. will be equipped with weather radar by 2003.---A.L.L. {ROL #78}

{E524} Burke, A. M., et al. 1999. [Observations of captive Siberian Cranes harnessed with back-pack satellite transmitters.] Strix 17: 155-157. (Coll. Nat. Resour., Univ. Wisconsin, Stevens Point, WI 54481-3897, USA.)---Grus leucogeranus. {ROL #78}

{E524} Gauthreaux, S. A., Jr., & C. G. Belser. 1998. Displays of bird movements on the WSR-88D: Patterns and quantification. Weather and Forecasting 13: 453--464. (Dept. Biol. Sci., Clemson Univ. Clemson, SC 29634-1903, USA.)---Describes the use of modern doppler weather radar to detect, monitor, and quantify bird movements in the atmosphere.---S.A.G. {ROL #78}

{E524} Mita, M., & N. Kanmuri. 1994. Development of super-compact platform transmitter terminals for satellite tracking. Pp. 51--54. in The future of cranes and wetlands (H. Higuchi & J. Minton, eds.). (Dept. Electrical & Computer Engineering, Kumamoto Univ., 2-39-1 Kurokami, Kumamoto 860-0862, Japan.) {ROL #78}

{E524} Nagendran, M., H. Higuchi, & A. G. Sorokin. 1994. A harnessing technique to deploy transmitters on cranes. Pp. 57--60. in The future of cranes and wetlands (H. Higuchi & J. Minton, eds.). (Lab. Wildl. Biol., Sch. Agric. & Life Sci., Univ. Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113, Japan.) {ROL #78}

{E524} Rohweder, D. A. 1999. Assessment of three methods used to attach radio-transmitters to migratory Waders in northern New South Wales. Corella 23: 7--10. (Sch. Resour. Manage., Southern Cross Univ., P.O. Box 157, Lismore, NSW 2480, Australia.)---No significant retention for combinations of trimmed and untrimmed feathers and use of gauze between transmitter and bird, perhaps due to small sample size.---I.D.E {ROL #78}

{E524} Russell, K. R., & S. A. Gauthreaux. 1998. Use of weather radar to characterize movements of roosting Purple Martins. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 26: 5--16. (Dept. Forest Resour., Clemson Univ., Clemson, SC 29634-1003, USA.)---Progne subis. {ROL #78}

{E524} Soma, M. 1994. Location errors in satellite tracking migratory birds. Pp. 55--56. in The future of cranes and wetlands (H. Higuchi & J. Minton, eds.). (Dept. Oceanography, Tokai Univ., Orito 3-20-1, Shimizu-shi, Shizuoka 424, Japan.) {ROL #78}

{E524} Stephenson, B. M., E. O. Minot, & P. Olsen. 1998. Capturing, marking and radio-tracking a small owl, the Southern Boobook Ninox novaeseelandiae in Australasia. Corella 22: 104--107. (Ecol. Sec., Inst. Nat. Resour., Massey Univ., Priv. Bag 11-222, Palmerston N., New Zealand.)---Capture by taped call as lure into mist-net; marking with reflective bands; radio transmitter on back harness.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{E524} Ueta, M., K. Nippashi, & H. Higuchi. 1997. [Effect of transmitters on the behaviour of wild and captive Whooper Swans.] Strix 15: 133--137. (Res. Ctr., Wild Bird Soc. Japan, 2-35-2 Minamidaira, Hino, Tokyo 191-0041, Japan.)---Cygnus cygnus. (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{E526} Craig, S. H. 1997. A safer method of handling shrikes and other biting birds. N. Am. Bird Bander 22: 123. (1530 Robidoux Circle, Colorado Springs, CO 80915, USA.)---Empty toilet paper cardboard tube with slits cut in one end and taped closed is useful but not recommended during hot weather.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{E526} Craig, S. H. 1997. What goes around---gets caught!! An improved trap for shrikes. N. Am. Bird Bander 22: 124--125. (1530 Robidoux Circle, Colorado Springs, CO 80915, USA.)---Round trap of 1" mesh makes it easier for the bird to find the bait and enter the trap than for square traps.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{E526} Dobrynina, I. N. 1998. Bird ringing in Russia and the contribution made by the Biological Station Rybachy on the Courish Spit of the Baltic Sea. Avian Ecol. Behav. 1: 111--115. (Bird Ringing Centre of Russia, Inst. Ecol. Evol., Russ. Acad. Sci., Leninsky pr. 86-310, 117313 Moscow, Russia; EM: ring@bird.msk.ru) {ROL #78}

{E526} Ellis, D. H., et al. 1998. Use of a helicopter to capture flighted cranes. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 26: 103--107. (U.S. Geol. Survey, Patuxent Wildl. Res. Ctr., HCR 1 Box 4420, Oracle, AZ 85623, USA.)---Grus canadensis. {ROL #78}

{E526} Evrard, J. O., & B. R. Bacon. 1998. Duck trapping success and mortality using four trap designs. N. Am. Bird Bander 23: 110--114. (Dept. Nat. Resour., Box 367, Grantsburg, WI 54840, USA.)---Decoy traps and bait traps more successful in spring than swim-in bait traps, although the latter were more useful in catching Anas discors; floating bait traps were largely unsuccessful in catching ducks. Mortality ranged from 3.9% for teal to 5.1% for Anas platyrhynchos, most frequently from predation by Mustela vison and Procyon lotor.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{E526} Ishida, K. 1992. [Safety of ringing techniques: load of ring weight to small birds.] Strix 11: 293--298 (Dept. For., Univ. Tokyo, Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113, Japan.) (Japanese, Engl. summ.) {ROL #78}

{E526} Michalek, L. 1997. The use of size OA bands as a size choice for Pine Siskins. N. Am. Bird Bander 22: 119--121. (907 Tenth St., Nelson, BC V1L 3C9, Can.)---Both 0A and 0 bands (inside diameters of 2.00 and 2.11 mm, respectively) may safely be used on Carduelis pinus.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{E526} Michalak, L. 1998. Comparison of tarsal widths of Song Sparrows and Puget Sound White-crowned Sparrows: the use of band size 1. N. Am. Bird Bander 23: 124--127. (8031 Lucas Rd., Richmond, BC V6Y 1G2, Can.)---Melospiza melodia and Zonotrichia leucophrys pugetensis in British Columbia have very similar tarsal widths; both can be banded with #1s.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{E526} Payevsky, V. A. 1998. Bird trapping and ringing as an inexhaustible source of most valuable data for demographic investigations (with special reference to the work of the Biological Station Rybachy). Avian Ecol. Behav. 1: 76--86. (Zool. Inst., Russ. Acad. Sci., 199034 St. Petersburg, Russia; EM: pava@zisp.spb.su) {ROL #78}

{E526} Richards, G. 1998. Elevated nets for catching high foraging species. Corella 92--93. ("Touchwood", Tullymorgan, NSW 2463, Australia.)---Deployed between two trees using ropes, poles, clips and plastic rings as pulleys.---I.D.E. {ROL #78}

{E526} Skinner, W. R., D. P. Snow, & N. F. Payne. 1998. A capture technique for juvenile Willow Ptarmigan. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 26: 111--112. (Newfoundland Wildl. Div., Pasadena, NF A0L 1K0, Can.)---Lagopus lagopus. {ROL #78}

{E526} Smallwood, J. A., & C. Natale. 1998. The effect of patagial tags on breeding success in American Kestrels. N. Am. Bird Bander 23: 73--78. (Dept. Biol. Mole. Biol., Montclair State Univ., Upper Montclair, NJ 07043, USA.)---Patagial tags did not affect nesting success of Falco sparverius in northwestern New Jersey.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{E526} Tuck, G. N., et al. 1999. The potential of archival tags to provide long-term movement and behaviour data for seabirds: first results from Wandering Albatross Diomedea exulans of South Georgia and the Crozet Islands. Emu 99: 60--68. (CSIRO Div. Mar. Res., G.P.O. Box 1538, Hobart, Tas. 7001, Australia.) {ROL #78}

{E526} Weiss, R. A. 1997. A tip for storing and dispensing bands. N. Am. Bird Bander 22: 122--123. (Chipper Woods Bird Obs., 10329 N. New Jersey St., Indianapolis, IN 46280, USA.)---Plastic tape cassette with hole drilled in it, with a button on the end of the string of bands to prevent their slipping back into cassette; original band package in cassette as label.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}

{E526} York, D. L., et al. 1998. Pileated Woodpecker capture using a mist net and taped call. N. Am. Bird Bander 23: 81--82. (USDA Anim. Plant Inspect. Serv., Natl. Wildl. Health Cent., 1716 Heath Pkwy., Ft. Collins, CO 80524, USA.)---Dryocopus pileatus caught on 6 of 8 attempts in central Missouri.---R.B.C. {ROL #78}