I. TRADE AND TRADE POLICY WITH TRANSFERS AND FACTOR MOBILITY

 

A. The Economics of International Commodity/Wealth Transfer

 

1. The Transfer Problem

 

a. The Traditional Analysis

 

-J.M. Keynes (1929). “The German Transfer Problem”. EJ; V.39-#?, pp. 1-7; 179-182; 404-408.

 

-B. Ohlin (1929). “The Reparation Problem: A Discussion”. EJ; V.39-#?, pp. 172-178; 400-404.

 

-A. Pigou (1932). “The Effect of Reparations on the Real Ratio of International Interchange”. EJ; V.42-#?, pp. 532-543.

 

-L. Metzler (1942). “The Transfer Problem Reconsidered”. JPE; V.50-#?, pp. 397-414.

 

-L. Metzler (1951). “A Multiple-Country Theory of Income Transfers”. JPE; V.59-#1, pp. 14-29.

 

-P. Samuelson (1968). “The Transfer Problem and Transport Costs”. in R. Caves and H.G. Johnson, eds. A.E.A. Readings in International Economics. Homewood: Irwin, pp. 115-147 (abridged version of papers published in 1952 and 1954).

 

-H.G. Johnson (1955). “The Transfer Problem: A Note on Criteria for Changes in the Terms of Trade”. Eca; V.?-#?, pp. 113-121.

 

-H.G. Johnson (1956). “The Transfer Problem and Exchange Stability”. in Caves and Johnson, eds., pp. 148-171 (corrected version of paper published in 1956).

 

-L. Metzler (1963). “Imported Raw Materials, the Transfer Problem, and the Concepts of Income”. in L. Metzler (1973), Collected Papers. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, pp. 70-94.

 

-L. Metzler (1963). “Flexible Exchange Rates, the Transfer Problem, and the Balanced Budget Theorem”. in L. Metzler (1973), Collected Papers. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, pp. 95-111..

 

-I. McDougall (1965). “Non-Traded Goods and the Transfer Problem”. REStud; V.32-#?, pp. 67-84.

 

-R. Jones (1970). “The Transfer Problem Revisited”. Eca; V.37-#?, pp. 178-184.

 

-P. Samuelson (1971). “On the Trail of Conventional Beliefs about the Transfer Problem”. in J. Bhagwati, et al, eds. Trade, Balance of Payments and Growth. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 327-351.

 

-M. Ohyama (1974). “Tariffs and the Transfer Problem”. KES; V.11-#1, pp. 29-45.

 

-J. Chipman (1974). “The Transfer Problem Once Again”. in G. Horwich and P. Samuelson, eds. Trade, Stability and Macroeconomics. New York: Academic Press, pp. 19-78.

 

-H.G. Johnson (1974). “The Welfare Economics of Reversed International Transfers”. in G. Horwich and P. Samuelson, eds. Trade, Stability and Macroeconomics. New York: Academic Press,

 

-R. Jones (1975). “Presumption and the Transfer Problem”. JIE; V.5-#?, pp. 263-274.

 

-M. Ohyama (1981). “On the Orthodox Presumption for the Transfer Problem”. KES; V.18-#1, pp. 15-45.

 

-J. Cassing (1984). “Transfers and Presumption with Many Commodities”. Atlantic Economic Journal; V.12-#?, pg. 74.

 

-R. Jones (1976). “Terms of Trade and Transfers: The Relevance of the Literature”. in D. Leipziger, ed. The International Monetary System and the Developing Nations. Washington, DC: AID, pp. 99-114.

 

-J. Chipman (1989). “The Classical Transfer Problem and the Theory of Foreign Exchanges”. in G. Feiwel, ed. Joan Robinsion and Modern Economics. New York: NYU Press, pp. 739-773.

 

-J. Chipman (1990). “Metzler's Tariff Paradox and the Transfer Problem”. in A. Asimakopulos et al., eds. Economic Theory, Welfare and the State. Montreal: Mcgill-Queens University Press, pp. 130-142.

 

-J. Chipman (1999). “An Application of Integrability and Duality Theory to the Classical Transfer Problem in International Trade”. ZfN; Supplement #8, pp. 241-255.

 

-R. Falvey (1976). “Quantitative Restrictions and the Transfer Problem”. IER; V.17-#1, pp. 98-104.

 

-J. Bhagwati, R. Brecher and T. Hatta (1980). “The Global Correspondence Principle: A Generalization”. AER; V.77-#1, pp. 124-132.

 

-J. Li and W. Mayer (1990). “The Transfer Problem with Supply Effects: Presumption for Terms of Trade Changes”. CJE; V.23-#4, pp. 896-907.

 

-P. Brock (1996). “International Transfers, The Relative Price of Non-Traded Goods, and the Current Account”. CJE; V.29-#?, pp. 163-180.

 

-S. Djajić, S. Lahiri, and P. Raimondos-Møller (1998). “The Transfer Problem and the Intertemporal Terms of Trade”. CJE; V.31-#2, pp. 427-436.

 

-S. Brakman and C. van Marrewijk (1998). The Economics of International Transfers. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-P. Hatzipanayotou and M. Michael (2000). “The Financing of Foreign Aid and Welfare: Income versus Consumption Tax”. Review of Development Economics; V.4-#1, pp. 21-38.

 

b. The New Analysis

 

-W. Leontief (1936). “A Note on the Pure Theory of Transfer”. Explorations in Economics. New York: McGraw-Hill, pp. 84-91.

 

-R. Komiya and T. Shizuki (1967). “Transfer Payments and Income Distribution”. MS; V.28-#?, pp. 245-255.

 

-G. Chichilnisky (1980). “Basic Goods, the Effects of Commodity Transfers and the International Economic Order”. JDevEc; V.7-#4, pp. 505-519.

 

-JDevEc (1983). “Symposium on Chichilnisky”. V.13-#?, pp. 197-252.

 

-R. Brecher and J. Bhagwati (1982). “Immiserizing Transfers from Abroad”. JIE; V.13-#3/4, pp. 353-364.

 

-Y.H. Yeh (1991). “Tariffs, Import Quotas, and the Transfer Problem”. AEJ; V.19-#4, pp. 42-44.

 

-J. Bhagwati, R. Brecher and T. Hatta (1983). “The Generalized Theory of Transfers and Welfare: Bilateral Transfers in a Multi-Lateral World”. AER; V.73-#4, pp. 606-618.

 

-J. Bhagwati, R. Brecher and T. Hatta (1985). “The Generalized Theory of Transfers and Welfare: Exogenous (Policy-Imposed) and Endogenous (Transfer-Induced) Distortions”. QJE; V.?-#?, pp. 697-714.

 

-M. Yano (1983). “Welfare Aspects of the Transfer Problem”. JIE; V.15-#?, pp. 277-289.

 

-D. Leonard and R. Manning (1983). “Advantageous Reallocations”. JIE; V.15-#?, pp. 291-295.

 

-T. Fries (1983). “The Possibility of an Immiserizing Transfer under Uncertainty”. JIE; V.15-#?, pp. 297-311.

 

-A. Dixit (1983). “The Multi-Country Transfer Problem”. EcLets; V.13-#?, pp. 49-53.

 

-R. Jones (1984). “The Transfer Problem in a Three-Agent Setting”. CJE; V.17-#1, pp. 1-14.

 

-Z. Safra (1984). “On the Frequency of the Transfer Paradox”. EcLets; V.15-#?, pp. 209-212.

 

-D. DeMeza (1983). “The Transfer Problem in a Many-Country World: Is It Better to Give than Receive?” MS; V.?-#?, pp. 266-275.

 

-L.F.S. Wang (198?). “Factor Market Distortions, the Transfer Problem and Welfare”. KES; V.?-#?, pp. 57-64.

 

-H. Beladi (1990). “Unemployment and Immiserizing Transfer”. ZfN; V.52-#3, pp. 253-265.

 

-M. Majumdar and T. Mitra (1985). “A Result on the Transfer Problem in International Trade Theory”. JIE; V.19-#?, pp. 161-170.

 

-R. Jones (1985). “Income Effects and Paradoxes in the Theory of International Trade”. EJ; V.95-#378, pp. 330-344.

 

-J.Y. Choi and E.S.H. Yu (1987). “Immiserizing Transfer under Variable Returns to Scale”. CJE; V.20-#3, pp. 634-645.

 

-E. Grinols (198?). “Transfers and the Generalized Theory of Distortions and Welfare”. Eca; V.54-#?, pp. 477-491.

 

-J.C. Berthelemy (198?). “The Transfer Paradox in a Non-Walrasian Context”. WA; V.124-#?, pp. 420-434.

 

-A. Turunen-Red and A. Woodland (1988). “On the Multilateral Transfer Problem: Existence of Pareto Improving International Transfers”. JIE; V.25-#?, pp. 249-269.

 

-O. Galor and H. Polemarchakis (1987). “Intertemporal Equilibrium in the Transfer Paradox”. REStud; V.54-#?, pp. 147-156.

 

-P. Haaparanta (1989). “The Intertemporal Effects of International Transfers”. JIE; V.26-#?, pp. 371-382.

 

-M. Yano (1991). “International Transfers: Strategic Losses and the Blocking of Mutually Advantageous Transfers”. IER; V.32-#2, pp. 371-382.

 

-M. Yano (1991). “Temporary Transfers in a Simple Dynamic Trade Model”. JET; V.54-#?, pp. 372-388.

 

-M. Yano (1993). “International Transfers in Dynamic Economies”. in R. Becker, M. Boldrin, R. Jones and W. Thomson, eds. General Equilibrium, Growth, and Trade II. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 555-582.

 

-M. Yano and J. Nugent (1999). “Aid, Nontraded Goods, and the Transfer Paradox in Small Countries”. AER; V.89-#3, pp. 431-449.

 

c. Welfare Economics of (Tied) Foreign Aid

 

-J. Bhagwati (1985). “The Tying of Aid”. in G. Grossman, ed. Dependence and Interdependence. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 204-251.

 

-M. Kemp (1984). “A Note on the Theory of International Transfers”. EcLets; V.14-#?, pp. 259-262.

 

-M. Kemp and S. Kojima (1985). “The Welfare Economics of Foreign Aid”. in G. Feiwel, ed. Issues in Contemporary Microeconomics and Welfare. London: Macmillan, pp. 470-483.

 

-M. Kemp and S. Kojima (1985). “Tied Aid and the Paradoxes of Donor-Enrichment and Recipient-Impoverishment”. IER; V.26-#3, pp. 721-729.

 

-M. Kemp and S. Kojima (1986). “More on the Welfare Economics of Foreign Aid”. JJIE; V.1-#?, pp. 97-109.

 

-M. Kemp and K. Shimomura (1991). “'Trade' or 'Aid'”. in A. Takayama, et al. eds. Trade, Policy, and International Adjustments. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 19-35.

 

-A. Schweinberger (1990). “On the Welfare Economics of Tied Aid”. IER; V.31-#2, pp. 457-462.

 

-M. Kemp (1992). “The Static Welfare Effects of Foreign Aid: A Consolidation”. in D. Savoie and I. Brecher, eds. Equity and Efficiency in Economic Development. Montreal: McGill-Queens University Press, pp. 289-314.

 

-M. Kemp and K.-y. Wong (1993). “Paradoxes Associated with the Administration of Foreign Aid”. JDevE; V.42-#?, pp. 197-204.

 

-M. Kemp and K. Abe (1994). “The Transfer Problem in the Context of Public Goods”. EcLets; V.45-#?, pp. 223-226.

 

-S. Lahiri and P. Raimondos (1995). “Welfare Effects of Aid under Quantitative Trade Restrictions”. JIE; V.39-#3/4, pp. 297-315.

 

-P. Hatzipanayotou and M. Michael (1995). “Foreign Aid and Public Goods”. JDevE; V.47-#2, pp. 455-467.

 

-M. Michael and P. Hatzipanayotou (1996). “Foreign Aid Tied to Public Inputs”. Keio Economic Studies; V.33-#2, pp. 35-45.

 

-S. Lahiri and P. Raimondos-Møller (1997). “Tied Aid, Unemployment and Welfare”. in J. Borkakoti and C. Milner, eds. International Trade and Labour Markets. London: Macmillan, pp. 219-230.

 

-S. Lahiri, P. Raimondos-Møller, K.-y. Wong, and A.D. Woodland (2002). “Optimal Foreign Aid and Tariffs”. Journal of Development Economics; V.67-#1, pp. 79-99.

 

-K. Basu and A. Deshpande (1995). “The Strategic Role of International Credit as an Instrument of Trade”. Japanese Economic Review; V.46-#4, pp. 333-350.

 

-C. Jepma (1991). The Tying of Aid. Paris: OECD.

 

d. Generalized Analysis of Immiserizing Reallocation and Growth

 

-D. Gale (1974). “Exchange Equilibrium and Coalitions”. JMathE; V.1-#1, pp. 63-66.

 

-R. Aumann and B. Peleg (1974). “A Note on Gale's Example”. JMathE; V.1-#?, pp. 209-211.

 

-R. Guesnerie and J.J. Laffont (1978). “Advantageous Reallocations of Initial Resources”. Etrica; V.46-#4, pp. 835-841.

 

-Y. Balasko (1978). “The Transfer Problem and the Theory of Regular Economies”. IER; V.19-#3, pp. 687-694.

 

-A. Postelwaite (1979). “Manipulation via Endowments”. REStud; V.?-#?, pp. 255-262.

 

-G. Yi (1991). “Manipulation via Withholding. A Generalization”. REStud; V.58-#?, pp. 817-820.

 

-H. Polemarchakis (1983). “On the Transfer Paradox”. IER; V.24-#3, pp. 749-760

 

-V.M. Polterovich and V.A. Spivak (1983). “Gross Substitutability of Point-to-Set Correspondences”. JMathE; V.11-#?, pp. 117-140.

 

-Z. Safra (1983). “Manipulation By Reallocating Initial Endowments”. JMathE; V.12-#?, pp. 1-17.

 

-J. Bhagwati, R. Brecher and T. Hatta (1984). “The Paradoxes of Immiserizing Growth and Donor Enriching 'Recipient-Immiserizing' Transfers: A Tale of Two Literatures”. WA; V.120-#?, pp. 228-243.

 

-R. Mantel (1984). “Substitutability and the Welfare Effects of Endowment Increases”. JIE; V.17-#?, pp. 325-334.

 

-T. Hatta (1984). “Immiserizing Growth in a Many Commodity Setting”. JIE; V.17-#?, pp. 335-345.

 

-G. Chichilnisky and W. Thomson (1987). “The Walrasian Mechanism from Equal Division is not Monotonic with Respect to Variations in the Number of Consumers”. JPubE; V.32-#?, pp. 119-124.

 

-R. Jones (1987). “The Population Monotonicity Property and the Transfer Paradox”. JPubE; V.32-#?, pp. 125-132.

 

-L. Epstein (1987). “A Simple Dynamic General Equilibrium Model”. JET; V.41-#1, pp. 68-95.

 

2. The Political Economy of Development Assistance

 

-P. Mosley (1988). “On Persuading a Leopard to Change His Spots: Optimal Strategies for Donors and Recipients of Conditional Developement Aid”. in R. Bates, ed. Toward a Political Economy of Development: A Rational Choice Perspective. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 47-79.

 

-R. Cassen (1988). Does Aid Work? Oxford: Clarendon.

 

-P. Cashel-Cordo and S. Craig (1997). “Donor Preferences and Recipient Fiscal Behavior: A Simultaneous Analysis of Foreign Aid”. EcInq; V.35-#3, pp. 653-671.

 

-A. Alesina and B. Weder (1999). “Do Corrupt Governments Receive Less Foreign Aid?”. NBER Working Paper; #7108.

 

-M.-F. Calmette and M. Kilkenny (2001). “International Charity under Asymmetric Information”. EcLets; V.74-#?, pp. 107-111.

 

B. The Economics of International Factor Mobility

 

1. Surveys/Overviews

 

-M. Kemp (1969). “The International Migration of Factors of Production”. Chapter 9 in M. Kemp, The Pure Theory of International Trade and Investment. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, pp. 181-212.

 

-R. Ruffin (1984). “International Factor Movements”. in R. Jones and P. Kenen, eds. Handbook of International Economics--Vol. I. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 237-288.

 

2. The Economics of International (Physical) Capital Mobility

 

a. General Analysis of Capital Mobility and the Theory of International Trade

 

-M. Kemp (1966). “The Gain from International Trade and Investment: A Neo-Heckscher-Ohlin Approach”. AER, V.56-#4, pp.788-809.

 

-R. Jones (1967). “International Capital Movements and the Theory of Tariffs and Trade”. QJE, V.81-#1, pp. 1-38. (Comment by Inada/Kemp (1969) QJE; V.83-#?, pp. 524-528)

 

-J. Chipman (1971). “International Trade with Capital Mobility: A Substitution Theorem”. in J. Bhagwati, et al. eds. Trade, Balance of Payments and Growth. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 201-237.

 

-W. Ethier and S. Ross (1971). “International Capital Movements and Long-Run Diversification”. JIE; V.1-#3, pp. 301-314.

 

-Y. Uekawa (1972). “On the Existence of Incomplete Specialization in International Trade with Capital Mobility”. JIE; V.2-#1, pp. 1-23.

 

-R. Jones and R. Ruffin (1975). “Trade Patterns with Capital Mobility”. in M. Parking and A.R. Nobay, eds. Current Economic Problems. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 307-332.

 

-D.G. Ferguson (1978). “International Capital Mobility and Comparative Advantage”. JIE; V.8-#?, pp. 373-396.

 

-R. Brecher and R. Feenstra (1983). “International Trade and Capital Mobility between Diversified Economies”. JIE; V.14-#?, pp. 321-339.

 

-T. Inoue (1986). “On the Shape of the World Production Possibility Frontier with Three Goods and Two Primary Factors with and without Capital Mobility”. IER; V.27-#3, pp. 707-726.

 

-S.P. Das and S.D. Lee (1979). “On the Theory of International Trade with Capital Mobility”. IER; V.20-#1, pp. 119-132.

 

-A.D. Woodland (1983). “Stability, Capital Mobility and Trade”. IER; V.24-#2, pp. 475-483.

 

-R. Jones (1989). “Co-Movements in Relative Commodity Prices and International Capital Flows”. EcInq; V.27-#?, pp. 131-141.

 

-L. Young and J. Romero (1991). “International Investment and the Positive Theory of International Trade”. JIE; V.29-#3/4, pp. 333-349.

 

-K. Nishimura and M. Yano (1993). “Interlinkage in Endogenous Real Business Cycles of International Economies”. Economic Theory; V.3-#1, pp. 151-168.

 

-K. Nishimura and M. Yano (1993). “Endogenous Real Business Cycles and International Specialization”. in W. Ethier, E. Helpman and J.P. Neary, eds. Theory, Policy and Dynamics in International Trade. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 213-236.

 

b. Complementarity of Factor and Commodity Mobility

 

(1) The 2 × 2 Case

 

-R. Mundell (1957) “International Trade and Factor Mobility”, AER, V.47-#3, pp. 321-335.

 

-J. Melvin (1969). “Increasing Returns to Scale as a Determinant of Trade”. CJE; V.2-#3, pp. 389-402.

 

-J. Rakowski (1970). “Capital Mobility in a Tariff-Ridden International Economy”. AER; V.60-#4, pp. 153-760.

 

-A. Schmitz and P. Helmberger (1970). “Factor Mobility and International Trade: The Case of Complementarity”. AER; V.60-#4, pp. 761-767.

 

-E. Nadel (1971). “Capital Goods, Intermediate Goods, and the Volume of Trade”. CJE; V.4-#2, pp. 238-249.

 

-E. Nadel (1971). “International Trade and Capital Mobility”. AER, V.61-#3, pp. 368-379.

 

-F. Flatters (1972). “Commodity Price Equalization: A Note on Factor Mobility and Trade”. AER; V.62-#?, pp. 473-476.

 

-D. Purvis (1972). “Technology, Trade and Factor Mobility”. EJ; V.82-#327, pp. 991-999.

 

-F. Gehrels (1976). “Commodity Trade and Factor Mobility as Imperfect Substitutes”. WA; V.112-#1, pp. 91-110.

 

-J. Markusen (1983). “Factor Movements and Commodity Trade as Complements”. JIE; V.14-#3/4, pp. 341-356.

 

-K.Y. Wong (1986). “Are International Trade and Factor Mobility Substitutes?” JIE; V.21-#1/2, pp. 25-43.

 

-V. Norman and A. Venables (1995). “International Trade, Factor Mobility, and Trade Costs”. EJ; V.105-#433, pp. 1488-1504.

 

(2) Dimensional Generalizations

 

-C.A. Rodriguez (1975). “International Factor Mobility, Non-Traded Goods, and the International Equalization of Prices of Goods and Factors”. Etrica; V.43-#1, pp. 115-124.

 

-J.P. Neary (1985). “International Factor Mobility, Minimum Wage Rates, and Factor Price Equalization: A Synthesis”. QJE; V.100-#3, pp. 551-570.

 

-L. Svensson (1984). “Factor Trade and Goods Trade”. JIE; V.16-#?, pp. 365-378.

 

-J. Markusen and L. Svensson (1985). “Trade in Goods and Factors with International Differences in Technology”. IER; V.26-#1, pp. 175-192.

 

-M. Ohyama (1989). “Factor Endowments and the Pattern of Commodity and Factor Trade”. KES; V.26-#1, pp. 19-29.

 

-W. Ethier and L. Svensson (1986). “The Theorems of International Trade with Capital Mobility”. JIE; V.20-#?, pp. 21-42.

 

(3)

Pattern of Trade with Mobile Factors: Empirical

 

-K.Y. Wong (1988). “International Factor Mobility and the Volume of Trade: An Empirical Study”. in R. Feenstra, ed. Empirical Methods for International Trade. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 231-250.

 

-A. Wood (1994). “Give Heckscher-Ohlin A Chance!”. WA; V.130-#1, pp. 20-49.

 

-J. Gaisford (1995). “International Capital Mobility, The Factor Content of Trade and Leontief Paradoxes”. JIE; V.39-#1/2, pp. 175-183.

 

c. Factor Mobility and Optimal Trade and Investment Policy

 

-G.D.A. McDougall (1960), “The Benefits and Costs of Private Investment From Abroad”, Bulletin of the Oxford University Institute of Stastics, V.22-#3, pp. 189-211.

 

-M. Kemp (1962). “Foreign Investment and the National Advantage”. EcRec, V.38-#?, pp. 56-62.

 

-W.M. Corden (1967). “Protection and Foreign Investment”. EcRec; V.?-#?, pp. 209-232.

 

-F. Gehrels (1971). “Optimal Restrictions on Foreign Trade and Investment”. AER; V.61-#?, pp. 147-159. (Comment by Batra (1973) AER, V63-#5, pp. 957-959.

 

-M. Beenstock (1977). “Policies Toward International Direct Investment: A Neoclassical Reappraisal”. EJ; V.87-#?, pp. 533-542.

 

-J. Chipman (1972). “The Theory of Exploitative Trade and Investment Policies: A Reformulation and Synthesis”. in L. DiMarco, ed. International Economics and Development. New York: Academic Press, pp. 209-244.

 

-B. McCormick (1982). “Optimal Tax Policy if a Direct Investor Exercises Monopsony Power”. Australian Economic Papers; V.?-#?, pp. 352-364.

 

-R. Brecher (1983). “Second-Best Policy for International Trade and Investment”. JIE; V.14-#?, pp. 313-320.

 

-S.P. Das (1986). “Optimal Taxation of Foreign Capital when Its Movements are Sluggish”. JIE; V.21-#?, pp. 351-360.

 

-E. Grinols (1986). “Foreign Investment and Economic Growth: Characterization of a Second-Best Policy for Welfare Gains”. JIE; V.21-#?, pp. 165-171.

 

-K. Miyagiwa and L. Young (1986). “International Capital Mobility and Commercial Policy in a Region”. JIE; V.20-#?, pp. 329-341.

 

-T. Inoue and K. Kiyono (1988). “Optimal Restriction on Foreign Trade and Investment with a Nontraded Good”. ESQ; V.39-#3, pp. 246-257.

 

-T.H. Dung (1989). “International Investment, Taxes and Welfare”. IEJ; V.3-#1, pp. 63-79.

 

-M. Krauss (1979). “Taxes on Capital in a Specific Factor Model of International Capital Mobility”. JPubE; V.11-#?, pp. 383-393.

 

-E. Bond (1991). “Optimal Tax and Tariff Policies with Tax Credits”. JIE; V.30-#?, pp. 317-329.

 

-T.W. Tsaur and M.L. Chu (1991). “Taxation of Foreign Capital and the Optimum Tariff”. EcLets; V.35-#?, pp. 71-78.

 

-J.P. Neary (1993). “Welfare Effects of Tariffs and Investment Taxes”. in W. Ethier, E. Helpman and J.P. Neary, eds. Theory, Policy and Dynamics in International Trade. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 131-156.

 

-C.C. Chao and E.S.H. Yu (1997). “Foreign-Investment Tax and Tariff Policies in Developing Countries”. RIE; V.5-#1, pp. 47-62.

 

-T. Inoue (1999). “On the Mutual Imposition of Tariffs with Free Capital Mobility”. in James Melvin, James Moore, and Ray Riezman, eds., Trade, Welfare, and Econometrics: Essays in Honor of John S. Chipman. New York: Routledge, pp. 44-64.

 

d. Trade Policy and Welfare with Foreign-Owned Factors

 

(1) HOS Production Structure

 

-H.G. Johnson (1967). “The Possibility of Income Losses from Increased Efficiency or Factor Accumulation in the Presence of Tariffs”. EJ; V.77-#?, pp. 151-154.

 

-A.H.H. Tan (1969). “Immiserizing Tariff-Induced Capital Accumulation and Technical Change”. Malayan Economic Review; V.13-#2, pp. 1-7.

 

-T. Bertrand and F. Flatters (1971). “Tariffs, Capital Accumulation and Immiserizing Growth”. JIE; V.1-#?, pp. 453-460.

 

-R. Martin (1977). “Immiserizing Growth for a Tariff-Distorted Small Economy: Further Analysis”. JIE; V.7-#?, pp. 323-328.

 

-J. Bhagwati (1973). “The Theory of Immiserizing Growth: Further Applications”. in M. Connolly and A. Swoboda, eds. International Trade and Money. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. pp. 45-54.

 

-S. Yabuuchi (1982). “A Note on Tariff-Induced Capital Inflow and Immiserization in the Presence of Taxation of Foreign Profits”. JIE; V.12-#?, pp. 183-189.

 

-N. Minabe (1974). “Capital and Technology Movements and Economic Welfare”. AER; V.64-#6, pp. 1088-1100.

 

-R. Brecher and C. Diaz-Alejandro (1977). “Tariffs, Foreign Capital and Immiserizing Growth”. JIE; V.7-#?, pp. 317-322.

 

-N. Minabe (1981). “Tariffs, Capital Export and Immiserizing Growth”. JIE; V.11-#?, pp. 117-121. (Comment by Yeh and response (1983), JIE, V.15-#?,, pp. 387-392).

 

-J. Markusen and J. Melvin (1979). “Tariffs, Capital Mobility, and Foreign Ownership”. JIE; V.9-#?, pp. 395-409.

 

-J. Bhagwati and E. Tironi (1980). “Tariff Change, Foreign Capital and Immiserization”. JDevE; V.7-#?, pp. 71-83.

 

-J. Bhagwati and R. Brecher (1980). “National Welfare in an Open Economy in the Presence of Foreign-Owned Factors of Production”. JIE; V.10-#?, pp. 103-115.

 

-R. Brecher and J. Bhagwati (1981). “Foreign Ownership and the Theory of Trade and Welfare”. JPE; V.89-#3, pp. 497-511.

 

-L. Svensson (1981). “National Welfare in the Presence of Foreign-Owned Factors of Production: An Extension”. ScanJE; V.?-#?, pp. 497-507.

 

-S. Takemori and M. Tsumagari (1994). “Optimal Trade Taxes in the Presence of Foreign Ownership and Equity Exchanges”. JIE; V.36-#3/4, pp. 483-500.

 

-R. Brecher and E. Choudhri (1982). “Immiserizing Investment from Abroad: The Singer-Prebisch Thesis Reconsidered”. QJE; V.97-#?, pp. 183-190.

 

-G. Grossman (1984). “The Gains from International Factor Movements”. JIE, V.17-#?, pp. 73-83.

 

-R. Jones (1984). “Protection and the Harmful Effects of Endogenous Capital Flows”. EcLets; V.15-#?, pp. 325-330.

 

-M. Ohyama (1990). “Protection and Factor Mobility”. KES; V.?-#?, pp. 57-60.

 

-F. Casas (1985). “Tariff Protection and Taxation of Foreign Capital: the Welfare Implications for a Small Country”. JIE; V.19-#?, pp. 181-188.

 

-L. Young and K. Miyagiwa (1986). “International Investment and Immiserizing Growth”. JIE; V.20: 171-178.

 

-F.L. Rivera-Batiz (1986). “Foreign Ownership, Non-Traded Goods and the Effects of Terms of Trade Changes on National Welfare”. EcLets; V.20-#?, pp. 367-371.

 

-F. Dei (1985). “Welfare Gains from Capital Inflows under Import Quotas”. EcLets; V.18-#?, pp. 237-240.

 

-F. Dei (1985). “Voluntary Export Restraints and Foreign Investment”. JIE; V.19-#?, pp. 305-312.

 

-E. Buffie (1985). “Quantitative Restrictions and the Welfare Effects of Capital Inflows”. JIE; V.19-#?, pp. 291-303.

 

-P. Hatzipanayotou and M. Michael (1993). “Import Restrictions, Capital Taxes and Welfare”. CJE; V.26-#3, pp. 727-738.

 

-T. Inoue (1995). “The Welfare Effects of Foreign Capital Inflow with Tariff-Ridden and Quota-Restricted Imports”. Japanese Economic Review; V.46-#3, pp. 282-295.

 

-S. Marjit and H. Beladi (1996). “Protection and Gainful Effects of Foreign Capital”. EcLets; V.53-#?, pp. 311-316.

 

-S. Marjit, U. Broll, and S. Mitra (1996). “Targeting Sectors for Foreign Capital Inflow in a Small Economy”. RIE; V.5-#?, pp. 101-106.

 

-E. Buffie (1987). “Labor Market Distortions, The Structure of Protection and Direct Foreign Investment”. JDevE; V.27-#?, pp. 149-163.

 

-R. Brecher (1989). “Policy-Induced Inflows of Foreign Capital in the Presence of Rigid-Wage Unemployment”. in G. Calvo, et al. eds. Debt, Stabilization and Development. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 376-388.

 

-M. Anam (1988). “The Welfare Effects of Capital Inflows in the Presence of a Tariff (Quota) with Revenue (Premium) Seeking”. EcLets; V.26-#?, pp. 69-72.

 

-D. Burgess (1980). “Protection, Real Wages, Real Incomes, and Foreign Ownership”. CJE; V.13-#4, pp. 595-614. (Comment by Butlin and Response (1983), CJE; V.16-#2, pp. 350-361).

 

(2) RV Production Structure

 

-M.A. Khan (1982). “Tariffs, Foreign Capital and Immiserizing Growth with Urban Unemployment and Specific Factors of Production”. JDevE; V.10-#?, pp. 245-256.

 

-R. Brecher and R. Findlay (1983). “Tariffs, Foreign Capital and National Welfare with Sector Specific Factors”. JIE; V.14-#?, pp. 277-288.

 

-T.N. Srinivasan (1983). “International Factor Movements, Commodity Trade and Commercial Policy in a Specific Factor Model”. JIE; V.14-#?, pp. 289-312.

 

-K. Tanigaki (1988). “A Note on Nontraded Goods and the Welfare Effect of Foreign Investment”. JIE; V.25-#?, pp. 185-187.

 

-H. Thompson (1983). “Trade and International Factor Mobility”. AEJ; V.11-#4, pp. 45-48.

 

-H. Thompson (1983). “Factor Migration and Income Distribution in International Trade”. KES; V.20-#?, pp. 65-70

 

-H. Thompson (1985). “International Capital Mobility in a Specific Factor Model”. AEJ; V.13-#2, pp. 76-79.

 

-J. Mendez (1984). “The Effects of Foreign Investment in the Presence of a Factor Market Monopsony”. JIE; V.16-#?, pp. 173-182.

 

-J. Gonzalez (1988). “Effects of Foreign Direct Investment in the Presence of Sector-Specific Unemployment”. IEJ; V.2-#2, pp. 1527.

 

-Taradas Bandoypadhyay and B. Bandopadhyay (1989). “Economics of the Import of Factors of Production: Comparative Advantage and Commercial Policy”. EJPE; V.5-#4, pp. 487-500.

 

-H. Thompson (1992). “Production and Trade with International Capital Movements and Payments”. SEJ; V.58-#3, pp. 743-749.

 

-P. Brock and S. Turnovsky (1993). “The Growth and Welfare Consequences of Differential Tariffs”. IER; V.34-#4, pp. 765-794.

 

-P. Neary and F. Ruane (1988). “International Capital Mobility, Shadow Prices, and the Cost of Protection”. IER; V.29-#4, pp. 571-585. (Comment by Sechzer (1989), IER, V.30-#4, pp. 999-1003).

 

-S. Sechzer (1988). “The Welfare Effects of Foreign Investment in Tariff Distorted Economies”. JIE; V.25-#?, pp. 379-383.

 

-A. Schweinberger (1989). “Foreign Capital, Tariffs and Welfare: A Global Analysis”. CJE; V.22-#2, pp. 310-327.

 

-A. Schweinberger and H. Vosgerau (1997). “Foreign Factor Ownership and Optimal Tariffs”. RIE; V.5-#1, pp. 1-19.

 

-J. de Melo and D. Roland-Holst (1993). “International Capital Mobility and the Costs of US Import Restraints”. RIE; V.1-#3, pp. 263-271.

 

e. The Economics of a Duty Free Zone

 

(1) Theory of Duty Free Zones

 

-K. Hamada (1974) “An Economic Analysis of the Duty-Free Zone”; JIE, V.4-#?, pp. 225- 241.

 

-C.A. Rodriguez (1976). “A Note on the Economics of the Duty Free Zone”. JIE; V.6-#?, pp. 385-388.

 

-H. Grubel (1982). “Toward a Theory of Free Economic Zones”. WA; V.118-#1, pp. 39-61.

 

-C. Hamilton and L. Svensson (1982). “On the Welfare Effects of a 'Duty Free Zone'”. JIE; V.13-#?, pp. 45-64.

 

-C. Hamilton and L. Svensson (1983). “On the Choice Between Capital Import and Labor Export”. EER; V.20-#?, pp. 167-192.

 

-T.J. Chen (1985). “Alternative Policies for Foreign Investment in the Presence of Tariff Distortions”. Australian Economic Papers; V.?-#?, pp. 394-403.

 

-K.Y. Wong (1986). “International Factor Movements, Repatriation and Welfare”. JIE; V.21-#?, pp. 327-335.

 

-K. Miyagiwa (1986). “A Reconsideration of the Welfare Economics of a Free-Trade Zone”. JIE; V.21-#?, pp. 337-350.

 

-L. Young (1987). “Intermediate Goods and the Formation of Duty-Free Zones”. JDevE; V.25-#?, pp. 369-384.

 

-L. Young and K. Miyagiwa (1987). “Unemployment and the Formation of Duty-Free Zones”. JDevE; V.26-#?, pp. 397-405.

 

-L. Young (1992). “Unemployment and the Optimal Export-Processing Zone”. JDevE; V.37-#?, pp. 369-385.

 

-H. Beladi and S. Marjit (1992). “Foreign Capital and Protectionism”. CJE; V.25-#1, pp. 233-238.

 

-K. Miyagiwa (1993). “The Locational Choice for Free-Trade Zones: Rural versus Urban Options”. JDevE; V.40-#1, pp. 187-203.

 

-T.D. Chaudhuri and S. Adhikari (1993). “Free Trade Zones with Harris-Todaro Unemployment: A Note on Young-Miyagiwa”. JDevE; V.41-#1, pp. 157-162.

 

-M. Din (1994). “Export Processing Zones and Backward Linkages”. JDevE; V.43-#?, pp. 369-385.

 

-J. Devereux and L.L. Chen (1995). “Export Zones and Welfare: Another Look”. OEP; V.47-#?, pp. 704-713.

 

-R. Jones and S. Marjit (1995). “Labour-market Aspects of Enclave-led Growth”. CJE; V.28-Special Issue, pp. s76-s93.

 

(2) Empirical Research on Duty Free Zones

 

-D. Wall (1976). “Export Processing Zones”. Journal of World Trade Law; V.10-#?, pp. 476-498.

 

-M. Sharpston (1976) “International Subcontracting,” World Development, V.?-#?, pp. 330-337.

 

-Deepak Nayyar (1978) “Transnational Corporations and Manufactured Exports from Poor Countries”; Economic Journal, V.88-#1, pp. 59-84.

 

-G.K. Helleiner (1981) Intrafirm Trade and the Developing Countries. New York: St. Martins Press.

 

-D. Sprinager (1984). “Objectives and Impact of Economic Activity Zones--Some Evidence from Asia”. WA; V.120-#?, pp. 64-89.

 

-J. Grunwald and Kenneth Flamm (1985) The Global Factory: Foreign Assembly in International Trade. Washington, D.C.: Brookings.

 

-V.N. Balasubramanyam (1988). “Export Processing Zones in Developing Countries: Theory and Evidence”. in D. Greenaway, ed. Economic Development and International Trade. New York: St. Martins, pp. 157-165.

 

-P.G. Warr (1989). “Export-Processing Zones”. World Bank Research Observer; V.4-#?, pp. 65-68.

 

-G. Gereffi (1992). “Mexico's Maquiladora Industries and North American Integration”. in S. Randall, ed., North Americal Without Borders?. Calgary: University of Calgary Press, pp. 135-151.

 

-J. Hart (1995). “Maquiladorization as a Global Process”. in S. Chan (ed.), Foreign Direct Investment in a Changing Political Economy. London: Macmillan, pp.

 

3. The Economics of International Labor Mobility

 

a. Surveys/Overviews of the Economics of Migration

 

-J. Bhagwati (1983). “The Economic Analysis of International Migration”. International Economic Theory: International Factor Mobility. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 44-56.

 

-J. Bhagwati (1984). “Incentives and Disincentives: International Migration”. WA; V.120-#4, pp. 678-701.

 

-P. Stalker (1994). The Work of Strangers: A Survey of International Labour Migration. Geneva: International Labour Office; distributed by ILO Publications Center, Albany, N.Y.

 

-G. Borjas (1994). “The Economics of Immigration”. JEL; V.32-#4, pp. 1667-1717.

 

-R. LaLonde and R. Topel (1997). “Economic Impact of International Migration and the Economic Performance of Migrants”. Chapter 14 in M. Rosenzweig and O. Stark, eds. Handbook of Population and Family Economics. Vol. 1B, Amsterdam: North Holland, pp. 799-850.

 

-M. Greenwood and J. McDowell (2000). Legal U.S. Immigration: Influences on Gender, Age, and Skill Composition. Kalamazoo: W.E. Upjohn Institute.

 

-H. Zlotnik (1998). “International Migration 1965-96: An Overview”. Population and Development Review; V.24-#3, pp. 429-468.

 

-D.S. Massey, J. Arango, G. Hugo, A. Kouaouci, A. Pellegrino, and J.E. Taylor (1998). Worlds in Motion: Understanding International Migration at the End of the Millenium. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

 

b. General Welfare Analysis of Migration

 

(1) Informal Normative Analysis of Migration

 

-Gibney, Mark (1986). Strangers or Friends: Principles for a New Alien Admission Policy. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press.

 

-Nett, Roger (1971). “The Civil Right We are Not Ready For: The Right of Free Movement of People on the Face of the Earth”. Ethics; V.81-#3, pp. 212-227.

 

-Nafziger, James A.R. (1983). “The General Admission of Aliens under International Law”. American Journal of International Law; V.77-#4, pp. 804-847.

 

-Ackerman, Bruce (1980). “Citizenship”. Chapter 3 of Social Justice in the Liberal State. New Haven: Yale University Press, pp. 69-103. [esp. pp. 88-96.]

 

-Walzer, Michael (1981). “The Distribution of Membership”. in Peter Brown and Henry Shue, eds. Boundaries: National Autonomy and Its Limits. Totowa, N.J.: Rowman and Littlefield, pp. 1-35.

 

-Chaney, Elsa (1981). “Migrant Workers and National Boundaries: The Basis for Rights and Protections”. in Peter Brown and Henry Shue, eds. Boundaries: National Autonomy and Its Limits. Totowa, N.J.: Rowman and Littlefield, pp. 37-77.

 

-Lichtenberg, Judith (1981). “National Boundaries and Moral Boundaries: A Cosmopolitan View”. in Peter Brown and Henry Shue, eds. Boundaries: National Autonomy and Its Limits. Totowa, N.J.: Rowman and Littlefield, pp. 79-100.

 

-Lichtenberg, Judith (1983). “Mexican Migration and U.S. Policy: A Guide for the Perplexed”. in Peter Brown and Henry Shue, eds. The Border That Joins: Mexican Migrants and U.S. Responsibility. Totowa, N.J.: Rowman and Littlefield, pp. 13-30.

 

-Nickel, James (1983). “Human Rights and the Rights of Aliens”. in Peter Brown and Henry Shue, eds. The Border That Joins: Mexican Migrants and U.S. Responsibility. Totowa, N.J.: Rowman and Littlefield, pp. 31-45.

 

-King, Timothy (1983). “Immigration from Developing Countries: Some Philosophical Issues”. Ethics; V.93-#3, pp. 525-536.

 

-Zolberg, Aristide (1987). “Keeping Them Out: Ethical Dilemmas of Immigration Policy”. in R. Myers, ed. International Ethics in the Nuclear Age. Washington, DC: University Press of America, pp. 262-297.

 

-Carens, Joseph (1987). “Aliens and Citizens: The Case for Open Borders”. Review of Politics; V.49-#2, pp. 251-273.

 

-Carens, Joseph (1988). “Migration and the Welfare State”. in Amy Guttman, ed. Democracy and the Welfare State. Princeton: PUP, pp. 207-230.

 

-Carens, Joseph (1989). “Membership and Morality: Admission to Citizenship in Liberal Democratic States”. in W. Brubaker, ed. Immigration and the Politics of Citizenship in Europe and North America. Latham, Md.: University Press of America, pp. 31-49.

 

-Dowty, Alan (1987). Closed Borders: The Contemporary Assault on Freedom of Movement. New Haven: Yale Universty Press.

 

-Whelan, Frederick (1988). “Citizenship and Freedom of Movement: An Open Admission Policy”. in Mark Gibney, ed. Open Borders? Closed Societies?: The Ethical and Political Issues. Westport: Greenwood Press, pp. 3-39.

 

-Balibar, Etienne (1988). “Propositions on Citizenship”. Ethics; V.98-#4, pp. 723-730.

 

-Van Gunsteren, Herman (1988). “Admission to Citizenship”. Ethics; V.98-#4, pp. 731-741.

 

-Habermas, Jürgen (1990). “Citizenship and National Identity”. Appendix II in (1996) Between Facts and Norms: Contributions to a Discourse Theory of Law and Democracy. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 491-515

 

-Habermas, Jürgen (1993). “Struggles for Recognition in the Democratic Constitutional State”. Cptr. 8 in Habermas (1998). The Inclusion of the Other: Studies in Political Theory. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 203-236.

 

-Barry, Brian and Robert Goodin, eds. (1992). Free Movement: Ethical Issues in the Transnational Migration of People and Money. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press.

 

-Schwartz, Warren, ed. (1995). Justice in Immigration. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-Carens, Joseph, “Immigration, Welfare, and Justice”. pp. 1-17.

 

-Coleman, Jules and Sarah Harding, “Citizenship, the Demands of Justice, and the Moral Relevance of Political Boundaries”. pp. 18-62.

 

-Buchanan, James, “A Two Country Parable”. pp. 63-66.

 

-Hampton, Jean, “Immigration, Identity, and Justice”. pp. 67-93.

 

-Perry, Stephen, “Immigration, Justice, and Culture”. pp. 94-135.

 

-Seidman, Louis Michael, “Fear and Loathing at the Border”. pp. 136-146..

 

-Tushnet, Mark, “Immigration Policy in Liberal Political Theory”. pp. 147-157.

 

-Sykes, Alan O., “The Welfare Economics of Immigration Law: A Theoretical Survey with an Analysis of U.S. Policy”. pp. 158-200.

 

-Hadfield, Gillian, “Just Borders: Normative Economics and Immigration Law”. pp. 201-211.

 

-Vroman, Susan, “Some Caveats on the Welfare Economics of Immigration Law”. pp. 212-218.

 

-Treblicock, Michael, “The Case for a Liberal Immigration Policy”. pp. 219-246.

 

-Bauböck, Rainer (1994). Transnational Citizenship: Membership and Rights in International Migration. Aldershot: Edward Elgar.

 

-Bauböck, Rainer (1996). “Cultural Minority Rights for Immigrants”. International Migration Review; V.30-#1, pp. 203-250.

 

-Carens, Joseph (1994). “The Rights of Immigrants”. in J. Baker, ed. Group Rights. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, pp. 142-163.

 

-Carens, Joseph (1996). “Realistic and Idealistic Approaches to the Ethics of Migration”. International Migration Review; V.30-#1, pp. 156-170.

 

-Weiner, Myron (1996). “Ethics, National Sovereignty and the Control of Immigration”. International Migration Review; V.30-#1, pp. 171-197.

 

-Walzer, Michael (1997). On Toleration. New Haven: Yale University Press.

 

(2) Formal Normative Analysis of Migration

 

-Travis, William P. (1982). “Migration, Income Distribution, and Welfare under Alternative International Economic Policies”. Law and Contemporary Problems; V.45-#2, pp. 81-106.

 

-G. Grossman (1984). “The Gains from International Factor Movements”. JIE; V.17-#1, pp. 73-83.

 

-K.Y. Wong (1986). “The Economic Analysis of International Migration: A Generalization”. CJE; V.19-#2, pp. 357-362.

 

-M. Quibria (1988). “On Generalizing the Economic Analysis of International Migration: A Note”. CJE; V.21-#4, pp. 874-876.

 

-R. Brecher and E. Choudhri (1990). “Gains from International Factor Movements without Lump-Sum Compensation: Taxation by Location versus Nationality”. CJE; V.23-#1, pp. 44-59.

 

-P.N.V. Tu (1991). “Migration: Gains or Losses”. EcRec; V.?-#?, pp. 153-157.

 

-Tu, Pierre N.V. (1995). “International Migration: Welfare and Distribution”. In Jin Hui Ong, Kwok Bun Chan, and Soon Beng Chew, eds. Crossing borders: Transmigration in Asia Pacific. Singapore: Simon and Schuster International, Prentice Hall, pp. 68-82

 

-H. Clarke and Y.-K. Ng (1993). “Immigration and Economic Welfare: Resource and Environmental Aspects”. Economic Record; V.69-#206, pp. 259-273.

 

-Clarke, Harry R. and Yew-Kwang Ng (1995). “Population Growth and the Benefits from Optimally Priced Externalities”. Australian Economic Papers; V.34-#64, pp. 113-119.

 

-Clarke, Harry R. (1995). “International Labor-cum-Capital Migrations: Theory, Welfare Implications, and Evidence”. Open Economies Review; V.6-#4, pp. 323-340.

 

-Clarke, Harry R. (1995). “Some Welfare Implications of Birth, Death, and Migration”. International Advances in Economic Research; V.1-#3, pp. 242-250.

 

-M. Kemp (1993). “The Welfare Gains from International Migration”. Keio Economic Studies; V.30-#?, pp. 1-5.

 

-V. Meier and A. Wenig (1997). “Welfare Implications of International Labor Migration”. Zeitschrift fur Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften; V.117-#4, pp. 505-524.

 

-P. Hammond and J. Sempere (1999). “Gains from Trade versus from Migration: What Makes them So Different?”. ms: Stanford University.

 

-Findlay, Ronald (1982). “International Distributive Justice”. Journal of International Economics; V.13-#1/2, pp. 1-14.

 

-M. Quibria (1990). “On International Migration and the Social Welfare Function”. Bulletin of Economic Research; V.42-#2, pp. 141-152.

 

-J. Roemer (1997). “The (Non-Parochial) Welfare Economics of Immigration”. University of California, Davis, Department of Economics Working Paper; 97/05.

 

(3) Labor Mobility and Source Country Welfare

 

(a) The Brain Drain

 

i) Overviews

 

-K.V. Nagarajan (1970). “Brain Drain: A Preliminary Survey”. Indian Economic Journal; V.17-#3, pp. 324-342.

 

-J. Bhagwati (1976). “The Brain Drain”. International Social Science Journal; V.28-#4, pp. 691-729.

 

-J. Bhagwati (1979). “International Migration of the Highly Skilled: Economics, Ethics and Taxes”. Third World Quarterly; V.1-#3, pp. 17-30.

 

-J. Bhagwati and C. Rodriguez (1975). “Welfare Theoretical Analysis of the Brain Drain”. JDevE; V.2-#?, pp. 195-221.

 

-J. Bhagwati and J. Wilson (1989). “Income Taxation in the Presence of International Personal Mobility: An Overview”. in J. Bhagwati and J. Wilson, eds. Income Taxation and International Mobility. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 3-39.

 

ii) Basic Analysis

 

a) Static

 

-H.G. Johnson (1967). “Some Economic Aspects of the Brain Drain”. Pakistan Development Review; V.3-#?, pp. 379-411.

 

-R.A. Berry and R. Soligo (1969). “Some Welfare Aspects of International Migration”. JPE; V.77-#5, pp. 778-794.

 

-K. Hamada (1975). “Efficiency, Equity, Income Taxation and the Brain Drain: A Second Best Analysis”. JDevE; V.2-#?, pp. 281-287.

 

-J. Bhagwati and K. Hamada (1974). “The Brain Drain, International Integration of Markets for Professionals and Unemployment”. JDevE; V.1-#?, pp. 19-42.

 

-J. Bhagwati and K. Hamada (1975). “Domestic Distortions, Imperfect Information and the Brain Drain”. JDevE; V.2-#3, pp. 265-279. [also in J. Bhagwati, ed. (1976). The Brain Drain and Taxation (II): Theory and Empirical Analysis. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 139-153.]

 

-G. Grossman and C. Shapiro (1982). “A Theory of Factor Mobility”. JPE; V.90-#5, pp. 1054-1069.

 

-J. Abu-Rashed and D. Slottje (1991). “A Theoretical Analysis of the Beneficial Effects of the Brain-Drain Phenomenon”. Canadian Journal of Development Studies; V.12-#2, pp. 357-366.

 

-A. Ray (1997). “Brain Drain: A Social Cost-Benefit Perspective”. In A. Bose, M. Rakshit, and A. Sinha, eds. Issues in economic theory and public policy. New York: Oxford University Press.

 

-López, Ramón and Maurice Schiff (1998). “Migration and the Skill Composition of the Labor Force: The Impact of Trade Liberalization in LDCs”. Canadian Journal of Economics; V.31-#2, pp. 318-336.

 

-S. Djajic (1998). “Emigration and Welfare in an Economy with Foreign Capital”. Journal of Development Economics; V.56-#/, pp. 433-445.

 

-K. Miyagiwa (1991). “Scale Economies in Education and the Brain Drain Problem”. IER; V.32-#3, pp. 743-759.

 

b) Dynamic

 

-R.A. Berry and R. Soligo (1969). “Some Welfare Aspects of International Migration”. JPE; V.77-#5, pp. 778-794.

 

-D. Wellington (1972). “Emigration: A Bearer of Welfare Loss?”. JPE; V.80-#3 (Part 1), pg. 603.

 

-C.A. Rodriguez (1975). “On the Welfare Aspects of International Migration”. JPE; V.83-#5, pp. 1065-1072.

 

-C.A. Rodriguez (1975). “Brain Drain and Economic Growth: A Dynamic Model”. JDevE; V.2-#?, pp. 223-247.

 

-Zhang, Wei-Bin (1990). “Brain Drain and Economic Cycles with International Migration: A Case of Minimum Wage in the Unskilled Sector”. Journal of Development Economics; V.32-#1, pp. 191-203.

 

-N. Haque and S.-J. Kim (1995). “‘Human Capital Flight’: Impact of Migration on Income and Growth”. IMF Staff Papers; V.42-#3, pp. 577-607.

 

-A. Mountford (1997). “Can a Brain Drain Be Good for Growth in the Source Economy?”. JDevE; V.53-#2, pp. 287-303.

 

-O. Stark, C. Helmenstei and A. Prskawetz (1997). “A Brain Gain with a Brain Drain”. EcLets; V.55-#2, pp. 227-234.

 

-O. Stark, C. Helmenstei and A. Prskawetz (1998). “Human Capital Depletion, Human Capital Formation, and Migration: A Blessing or a ‘Curse’?”. EcLets; V.60-#3, pp. 363-367.

 

-K.-y. Wong (1997). “Endogenous Growth and International Labor Migration: The Case of a Small Emigration Economy”. in B. Jensen and K.-y. Wong, eds. Dynamics, Economic Growth and International Trade. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp. 289-336.

 

-K.-y. Wong and C.K. Yip (1999). “Education, Economic Growth, and Brain Drain”. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control; V.23-#5/6, pp. 699-726.

 

iii) Optimal Policy

 

-K. Hamada (1975). “Efficiency, Equity, Income Taxation and the Brain Drain: A Second Best Argument”. JDevE; V.2-#3, pp. 281-287.

 

-G. Psacharopoulos (1975). “Estimating Some Key Parameters in the Brain Drain Taxation Model”. JDevE; V.2-#3, pp. 309-318

 

-R. McCulloch and J. Yellen (1975). “Consequences of a Tax on the Brain Drain for Unemployment and Income Inequality in LDCs”. JDevE; V.2-#3, pp. 249-264.

 

-R. McCulloch and J. Yellen (1977). “Factor Mobility, Regional Development, and the Distribution of Income”. JPE; V.85-#1, pp. 79-96.

 

-D. Usher (1977). “Public Property and the Effects of Migration upon Other Residents of the Migrants' Countries of Origin and Destination”. JPE; V.85-#5, pp. 1001-1020.

 

-K. Hamada (1978). “Taxing the Brain Drain: A Global Point of View”. in J. Bhagwati, ed. The New International Economic Order: The North-South Debate. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp.

 

-J. Bhagwati and K. Hamada (1982). “Tax Policy in the Presence of Emigration”. JPubE; V.18-#?, pp. 291-317.

 

-W. Baumol (1982). “The Income Distribution Frontier and Taxation of Migrants”. JPubE; V.18-#?, pp. 343-361.

 

-J. Wilson (1980). “The Effect of Potential Emigration on the Optimal Linear Income Tax”. JPubE; V.14-#?, pp. 339-353.

 

-J. Mirlees (1982). “A Theory of Taxation and Migration”. JPubE; V.18-#?, pp. 319-341.

 

-J. Wilson (1982). “Optimal Linear Income Taxation in the Presence of Emigration”. JPubE; V.18-#?, pp. 363-379.

 

-J. Wilson (1982). “Optimal Income Taxation and Migration: A World Welfare Point of View”. JPubE; V.18-#?, pp.

 

-J. Wilson (1992). “Optimal Income Taxation and International Personal Mobility”. AER; V.82-#2, pp. 191-196.

 

-S. Djajic (1989). “Skills and the Pattern of Migration: The Role of Qualitative and Quantitative Restrictions on International Labor Mobility”. International Economic Review; V.30-#4, pp. 795-809.

 

-W.-B. Zhang (1990). “Brain Drain and Economic Cycles with International Migration: A Case of Minimum Wage in the Unskilled Sector”. Journal of Development Economics; V.32-#1, pp. 191-203.

 

iv) Asymmetric Information and the Brain Drain

 

-V. Kwok and H. Leland (1982). “An Economic Model of the Brain Drain”. AER; V.72-#?, pp. 91-100. (Comment by Katz/Stark and Reply, AER, V.74-#?, pp. 533-535.)

 

-O. Stark (1984). “Discontinuity and the Theory of International Migration”. KYKLOS; V.37-#?, pp. 206-222.

 

-E. Katz and O. Stark (1986). “Labor Mobility under Asymmetric Information with Moving and Signalling Costs”. EcLets; V.21-#?, pp. 89-94.

 

-E. Katz and O. Stark (1987). “International Migration under Asymmetric Information”. EJ; V.97-#?, pp. 718-726. [also Cptr. 13 in Stark, The Migration of Labor.]

 

-E. Katz and O. Stark (1987). “Migration, Information and the Costs and Benefits of Signalling”. RSUE; V.17-#?, pp. 323-331.

 

-E. Katz and O. Stark (1989). “International Labor Migration under Alternative Informational Regimes: A Diagrammatic Analysis”. EER; V.33-#?, pp. [also Cptr. 11 in Stark, The Migration of Labor.]

 

-D. Lien (1987). “Economic Analysis of the Brain Drain”. JDevE; V.25-#?, pp. 33-43.

 

-D. Lien (1987). “Asymmetric Information and Multi-Stage Brain Drain”. EcLets; V.23-#?, pp. 305-309.

 

-D. Lien (1988). “Appropriate Scientific Research and Brain Drain”. JDevE; V.29-#?, pp. 77-87.

 

-D. Lien (1993). “Asymmetric Information and the Brain Drain”. Journal of Population Economics; V.6-#2, pp. 169-180.

 

v) Empirical Evidence

 

-S. Watanabe (1969). “The Brain Drain from Developing to Developed Countries”. International Labour Review; V.99-#4, pp. 401-433.

 

-C. Kao and J.W. Lee (1973). “An Empirical Analysis of China's Brain Drain into the United States”. EDCC; V.21-#3, pp. 500-513.

 

-M. Berger and M. Webb (1987). “Commercial Policy and the Brain Drain”. Applied Economics; V.19-#2, pp. 143-153.

 

-W.-C. Huang (1988). “An Empirical Analysis of Foreign Student Brain Drain to the United States”. Economics of Education Review; V.7-#2, pp. 231-243.

 

-J. Martinez Pizarro (1993). “Intraregional Migration of Skilled Manpower”. Cepal Review, #50, 127-146.

 

-T.-J. Chen and H.-Y. Su (1995). “On-the-Job Training as a Cause of Brain Drain”. WA; V.131-#3, pp. 526-541.

 

-W. Carrington and E. Detragiache (1998). “How Big is the Brain Drain?”. IMF Working Paper; WP/98/102. [Finance and Development, V.36-#2, pp. 46-49.]

 

-T. Straubhaar and M. Wolburg (1999). “Brain Drain and Brain Gain in Europe: An Evaluation of the East-European Migration to Germany”. Jahrbucher fur Nationalokonomie und Statistik; V.218-#5/6, pp. 574-604.

 

(b) Homogeneous Labor

 

-P. Kenen (1971). “Migration, the Terms of Trade and Economic Welfare in the Source Country”. in J. Bhagwati, et al. eds. Trade, Balance of Payments and Growth. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 238-260.

 

-F.L. Rivera-Batiz (1982). “International Migration, Non-Traded Goods and Economic Welfare in the Source Country”. JDevE; V.11-#1, pp. 81-90. (Comment by Thompson and response, (1984) JDevE, V.16-#3, pp. 321-330).

 

-M. Quibria (1989). “International Migration and Real Wages: Is There a Neoclassical Ambiguity?” JDevE; V.31-#?, pp. 177-183.

 

-F.L. Rivera-Batiz (1989). “The Impact of International Migration on Real Wages: Another Look”. JDevE; V.31-#?, pp. 185-192.

 

-M.R. Gupta (1991). “International Migration and Welfare: A Note”. KES; V.28-#2, pp. 45-51.

 

-M. Quibria (1993). “International Migration, Increasing Returns, and Real Wages”. CJE; V.26-#2, pp. 457-468.

 

-D. Clark and H. Thompson (1990). “Factor Migration and Income Distribution in Some Developing Countries”. Bulletin of Economic Research; V.42-#2, pp. 131-140.

 

(c) Remittances and Home Country Welfare/Performance

 

-S. Djajic (1986). “International Migration, Remittances and Welfare in a Dependent Economy”. JDevE; V.21-#?, pp. 229-234.

 

-F. Kirwan and D. Holden (1986). “Emigrants' Remittances, Non-Traded Goods and Economic Welfare in the Source Country”. JEcStud; V.13-#2, pp. 52-58.

 

-F.L. Rivera-Batiz (1986). “International Migration, Remittances and Economic Welfare in the Source Country”. JEcStud; V.13-#3, pp. 3-19.

 

-O. Stark (1991). “Migrants’ Remittances: Motives, Consequences, and Inequality Implications”. Part V of Stark, The Migration of Labor. Oxford: Blackwell.

 

-J.E. Taylor (1987). “Undocumented Mexico-U.S. Migration and the Returns to Households in Rural Mexico”. American Journal of Agricultural Economics; V.69-#?, pp. 616-638.

 

-J.E. Taylor (1992). “Remittances and Inequality Reconsidered: Direct, Indirect, and Intertemporal Effects”. Journal of Policy Modeling; V.14-#?, pp. 187-208.

 

-E. Funkhouser (1992). “Mass Emigration, Remittances and Economic Adjustment: The Case of El Salvador in the 1980s”. In G. Borjas and R. Freeman, eds. Immigration and the Workforce. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 135-175.

 

-D. Massey and E. Parrado (1994). “Migradollars: The Remittances and Savings of Mexican Migrants to the US”. AJS; V.99-#?, pp. 1492-1533.

 

-J. Durand, E. Parrado, and D. Massey (1996). “Migradollars and Development: A Reconsideration of the Mexican Case”. International Migration Review, V.30-#2, pp. 423-444.

 

-J. Durand, W. Kandel, E. Parrado, and D. Massey (1996). “International Migration and Development in Mexican Communities”. Demography; V.33-#2, pp. 249-264.

 

-J.E. Taylor, J. Arango, G. Hugo, A. Koucouci, D. Massey, and A. Pellegrino (1996). “International Migration and National Development”. Population Index; V.62-#2, pp. 181-212.

 

-J.E. Taylor, J. Arango, G. Hugo, A. Koucouci, D. Massey, and A. Pellegrino (1996). “International Migration and Community Development”. Population Index; V.63-#?, pp. 397-418.

 

c. Choosing Migration: Who Leaves, Where do They Go, Why?

 

(1) Analytics

 

(a) Overviews

 

-O. Stark (1984). “Migration Decision Making: A Review Article”. JDevE; V.14-#?, pp. 251-259.

 

-O. Stark (1991). The Migration of Labor. Oxford: Blackwell.

 

-D. Massey, J. Arango, G. Hugo, A. Kouaouci, A. Pellegrino, and J.E. Taylor (1993). “Theories of International Migration: A Review and Appraisal”. Population and Development Review; V.19-#3, pp. 431-466.

 

-O. Stark (1995). “Frontier Issues in International Migration”. Proceeding of the World Bank Conference on Development Economics–1994. pp. 361-. [also in International Regional Science Review; V.19-#1/2.]

 

(b) Dynamic Models of Temporary Migration

 

-J. Hill (1987). “Immigrant Decisions Concerning Duration of Stay and Migration Frequency”. JDevE; V.25-#?, pp. 221-234.

 

-S. Djajic and R. Milbourne (1988). “A General Equilibrium Model of Guest-Worker Migration: The Source-Country Perspective”. JIE; V.25-#?, pp. 335-351.

 

-S. Djajic (1989). “Migrants in a Guest-Worker System: A Utility Maximizing Approach”. JDevE; V.31-#?, pp. 327-339.

 

-O. Galor and O. Stark (1990). “Migrants' Savings, the Probability of Return Migration and Migrants' Performance”. IER; V.31-#?, pp. 463-467. [also Cptr. 27 in Stark, The Migration of Labor.]

 

-O. Galor and O. Stark (1991). “The Probability of Return Migration, Migrants' Work Effort, and Migrants' Performance”. JDevE; V.35-#?, pp. 399-405. [also Cptr. 28 in Stark, The Migration of Labor.]

 

-O. Stark (1995). “Return and Dynamics: The Path of Labor Migration when Workers Differ in their Skills and Information is Asymmetric”. ScanJE; V.97-#1, pp. 55-71.

 

-P. Schaeffer (1995). “The Work Effort and the Consumption of Immigrants as a Function Their Assimilation” . IER; V.36-#3, pp. 625-642.

 

-C. Helmenstein and Y. Yegorov (2000). “The Dynamics of Migration in the Presence of Chains”. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control; V.24-#2, pp. 307-323.

 

(2) Historical

 

-J. Dunlevy and H. Gemery (1977). “The Role of Migrant Stock and lagged Migration in the Settlement Pattern of Nineteenth-Century Immigrants”. REStat; V.59-#?, pp. 137-144.

 

-J. Dunlevy and H. Gemery (1978). “Economic Opportunity and the Responses of ‘Old’ and ‘New’ Migrants to the United States”. Journal of Economic History; V.38-#?, pp. 901-917.

 

-T. Hatton and J. Williamson, eds. (1994). Migration and the International Labor Market, 1850-1939. London: Routledge.

 

-T. Hatton and J. Williamson (1998). The Age of Mass Migration: Causes and Economic Impact. New York: Oxford University Press.

 

(3) Contemporary

 

-J.C. Jenkins (1978). “Push/Pull in Recent Mexican Migration to the US”. International Migration Review; V.11-#?, pp. 178-189.

 

-Blejer, M., H.G. Johnson, and A. Prozecanski (1978). “An Analysis of the Economic Determinants of Legal and Illegal Mexican Migration to the United States”. Research in Population Economics; V.1, pp. 217-231.

 

-M. Piore (1979). Birds of Passage: Migrant Labor in Industrial Societies. New York: Cambridge University Press.

 

-J. Reichert and D. Massey (1979). “Patterns of Migration from a Central Mexican Town: A Comparison of Legal and Illegal Migrants”. International Migration Review; V.13-#?, pp. 599-623.

 

-M. Greenwood and J. McDowell (1982). “The Supply of Immigrants to the United States”. in B. Chiswick, ed. The Gateway: U.S. Immigration Issues and Policies. Washington, DC: AEI, pp. 54-85.

 

-J.E. Taylor (1986). “Differential Migration, Networks, Information, and Risk”. in O. Stark, ed. Migration, Human Capital and Development, Research in Human Capital and Development; V. 4, pp. 141-171.

 

-D. Massey, R. Alarcón, J. Durand, and H. González (1987). Return to Aztlan: The Social Process of International Migration from Western Mexico. Berkeley: University of California Press.

 

-D. Massey (1988). “International Migration and Economic Development in Comparative Perspective”. Population and Development Review; V.14-#3, pp. 383-413.

 

-D. Massey (1990). “The Social and Economic Origins of Immigration”. Annals AAPSS; #510, pp. 60-72.

 

-D. Massey (1990). “Social Structure, Household Strategies, and the Cumulative Causation of Migration”. Population Index; V.56-#1, pp. 3-26.

 

-S. Sassen (1988). “Foreign Investment: A Neglected Variable”. in S. Sassen The Mobility of Labor and Capital. A Study in International Investment and Labor Flow. Cambridge: CUP. [also in D. Jacobson, ed. The Immigration Reader. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 251-264.]

 

-O. Stark and J.E. Taylor (1989). “Relative Deprivation and International Migration”. Demography; V.26-#1, pp. 1-14. [also Cptr. 9 in Stark, The Migration of Labor.]

 

-O. Stark and J.E. Taylor (1991). “Migration Incentive, Migration Types: The Role of Relative Deprivation”. EJ; V.101-#408, pp. 1163-1178. [also Cptr. 10 in Stark, The Migration of Labor.]

 

-E. Morawska (1990). “The Sociology and Historiography of Immigration”. in V. Yans-McLaughlin, ed. Immigration Reconsidered: History, Sociology, and Politics. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 187-240.

 

-G. Jasso and M. Rosenzweig (1990). The New Chosen People: Immigrants in the United States. New York: Russell Sage.

 

-M. Greenwood and J. McDowell (1991). “Differential Economic Opportunity, Transferability of Skills, and Immigration to the United States and Canada”. REStat; V.73-#4, pp. 612-623.

 

-M. Kritz, L.L. Lim, and H. Zltonik, eds. (1992). International Migration Systems: A Global Approach. Oxford: OUP/Clarendon Press.

 

-R. Alarcón (1992). “Norteñización: Self-Perpetuating Migration from a Mexican Town”. in J. Bustamente, R. Hinojosa, and C. Reynolds, eds. U.S.-Mexico Relations: Labor Market Interdependence. Stanford: Stanford University Press, pp. 302-318.

 

-J. Durand and D. Massey (1992). “Mexican Migration to the United States: A Critical Review”. LARR; V.27-#1, pp. 3-42.

 

-A. Portes and J. Sensenbrenner (1993). “Embeddedness and Immigration: Notes on the Social Determinants of Economic Action”. American Journal of Sociology; V.98-#6, pp. 1320-1350.

 

-D. Massey, J. Arango, G. Hugo, A. Kouaouci, A. Pellegrino, and J.E. Taylor (1994). “An Evaluation of International Migration Theory: The North American Case”. Population and Development Review; V.20-#4, pp. 699-751.

 

-D. Massey, L. Goldring, and J. Durand (1994). “Continuities in Transnational Migration: An Analysis of 19 Mexican Communities”. AJS; V.99-#?, pp. 1492-1533.

 

-K. Zimmerman (1995). “European Migration: Push and Pull”. in M. Bruno and B. Pleskovic, eds.. Proceedings of the World Bank Annual Conference on Development Economics. pp. 313-342.

 

-B. Bratsberg (1995). “Legal versus Illegal U.S. Immigration and Source Country Characteristics”. Southern Economic Journal; V.61-#3, pp. 715-727.

 

-D. Lindstrom (1996). “Economic Opportunity in Mexico and Return Migration from the United States”. Demography; V.33-#?, pp. 357-374.

 

-D. Massey and K. Espinosa (1997). “What’s Driving Mexico-U.S. Migration? A Theoretical, Empirical, and Policy Analysis”. AJS; V.102-#4, pp. 939-999.

 

-J. Durand, D. Massey, and F. Charvet (2000). “The Changing Geography of Mexican Immigration to the US: 1910-1996". Social Science Quarterly, V.81-#1, pp. 1-15.

 

-J. Phillips and D. Massey (2000). “Engines of Immigration: Stocks of Human Capital and Social Capital in Mexico”. Social Science Quarterly, V.81-#1, pp. 33-48.

 

-R. Warren and J. Peck (1980). “Foreign-born Emigration from the US: 1960-1970". Demography; V. 17-#?, pp. 71-84.

 

G. Jasso and M. Rosenzweig (1982). “Estimating the Emigration Rates of Legal Immigrants Using Admiistrative and Survey Data: The 1971 Cohort of Immigrants to the US”. Demography; V.19-#?, pp. 279-290.

 

-Michael C. Burda, Wolfgang Härdle, Marlene Müller, Axel Werwatz (1998). “ Semiparametric analysis of German East-West migration intentions: facts and theory”. Journal of Applied Econometrics; V.13-#5, pp. 525-541.

 

d. Employment and Wage Effects of Immigration in the Host Country

 

(1) Overviews/Surveys

 

(2) Effect of Immigration on Native Wages and Employment

 

(a) Analytical Framework

 

-G. Johnson (1980). “The Labor Market Effects of Immigrants”. Industrial and Labor Relations Review; V.33-#3, pp. 331-341.

 

-G. Johnson (1980). “The Theory of Labour Market Intervention”. Economica; V.47-#187, pp. 309-329

 

-B. Chiswick (1982). “The Impact of Immigration on the Level and Distribution of Economic Well-Being”. in B. Chiswick, ed. The Gateway: US Immigration Issues and Policies. Washington, DC: AEI, pp. 289-313.

 

-C. Chiswick (1989). “The Impact of Immigration on the Human Capital of Natives”. Journal of Labor Economics; V.7-#4, pp. 464-486.

 

-C. Chiswick, B. Chiswick, and G. Karras (1992). “The Impact of Immigrants on the Macroeconomy”. Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy; #37, pp. 279-316.

 

-G. Johnson (1998). “The Impact of Immigration on Income Distribution Among Minorities”. in D. Hammermesh and F. Bean, eds. Help or Hindrance? The Economic Implications of Immigration for African Americans. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, pp. 17-50.

 

-G. Borjas (1999). “The Economic Analysis of Immigration”. Chapter 28 in O. Ashenfelter and D. Card, eds. Handbook of Labor Economics, Vol. 3A. Amsterdam: North Holland, pp. 1697-1760.

 

-M. Bronfenbrenner (1971). “The Demand for Productive Inputs”. Chapter 6 of Income Distribution Theory. New York: Aldine Publishing Co., pp. 120-171.

 

-D. Hammermesh and J. Grant (1979). “Econometric Studies of Labor-Labor Substitution and their Implications for Policy”. Journal of Human Resources; V.14-#?, pp. 518-542.

 

-D. Hammermesh (1993). Labor Demand. Princeton: PUP.

 

(b) Cross-Sectional Analysis

 

i) Structural (Production Function-based) Methods

 

-J. Grossman (1982). “The Substitutability of Natives and Immigrants in Production”. REStat; V.64-#4, pp. 596-603.

 

-B. Chiswick, C. Chiswick, and P. Miller (1985). “Are Immigrants and Natives Perfect Substitutes in Production?”. International Migration Review; V.19-#?, pp. 674-685.

 

-G. Borjas (1983). “The Substitutability of Black, Hispanic, and White Labor”. EcInq; V.21-#1, pp. 93-106.

 

-G. Borjas (1986). “The Sensitivity of Labor Demand Functions to Choice of Dependent Variable”. REStat; V.68-#1, pp. 58-66.

 

-G. Borjas (1986). “The Demographic Determinants of the Demand for Black Labor”. in R. Freeman and H. Holzer, eds. The Black Youth Employment Crisis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 191-230.

 

-G. Borjas (1987). “Immigrants, Minorities, and Labor Market Competition”. ILR Review; V.40-#3, pp. 382-392.

 

-King, Allan, B. Lindsay Lowell, and Frank Bean (1986). “The Effects of Hispanic Immigrants in the Earnings of Native Hispanic Americans”. Social Science Quarterly; V.67-#4, pp. 673-689.

 

-F. Rivera-Batiz and S. Sechzer (1991). “Substitution and Complementarity between Immigrant and Native Labor in the US”. in F. Rivera-Batiz, S. Sechzer and I. Gang, eds. US Immigration Policy Reform in the 1980s. Westport: Praeger, pp. 89-116.

 

-I. Gang and F. Rivera-Batiz (1994). “Labor Market Effects of Immigration in the United States and Europe”. Journal of Population Economics; V.7-#2, pp. 157-175.

 

-M. Greenwood and G. Hunt (1995). “Economic Effects of Immigrants on Native and Foreign-Born Workers: Complementarity, Substitutability, and Other Channels of Influence”. Southern Economic Journal; V.61-#4, pp. 1076-1097.

 

-M. Greenwood, G. Hunt, and U. Kohli (1996). “The Short-Run and Long-Run Factor-Market Consequences of Immigration to the United States”. Journal of Regional Science; V.36-#1, pp. 43-66.

 

-M. Greenwood, G. Hunt, U. Kohli (1997). “The Factor-market Consequences of Unskilled Immigration to the United States”. Labour Economics; V.4-#1, pp. 1-28.

 

-P. Davies, M. Greenwood, G. Hunt, U. Kohli, and M. Tienda (1998). “The U.S. Labor Market Impacts of Low-skill Migration from Mexico”. in Binational Study: Migration Between Mexico and the United States. Washington, DC: U.S. Commission on Immigration Reform, pp. 1075-1116.

 

-D. Jaeger (1996). “Skill Differences and the Effect of Immigrants on the Wages of Natives”. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Working Paper, #273.

 

-B. Bürgenmeier, T. Butare, and P., Favarger (1991). “Effects of Foreign Labour on the Production Pattern: The Swiss Case”. Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics; V.128-#2, pp. 103-124.

 

-A. Roy (1987). “An Analysis of Substitutability and Complementarity of Immigrants and Canadian-born Workforce”. Labor Market Bulletin; V.4-#9, pp. 5-11.

 

-A. Akbari and D. DeVoretz (1992). “The Substitutability of Foreign-born Labour in Canadian Production: Circa 1980". CJE; V.25-#3, pp. 604-614.

 

-A. Roy (1997). “Job Displacement Effects of Canadian Immigrants by Country of Origin and Occupation”. Internatonal Migration Review; V.?-#2, pp. 150-161.

 

-T. Bauer (1997). “Do Immigrants Reduce Natives’ Wages? Evidence from Germany”. ms: SELAPO, University of Munich.

 

-T. Bauer (1997). “Native Wage Impacts of Foreign Labor: Further Evidence for Germany”. Mitteilungen zur Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung; V.30-#3, pp. 652-656. [in German, “Lohneffekte der Zuwanderung: Eine empirische Untersuchung für Deutschland”]

 

ii) Wage/Unemployment Regressions

 

a) Mostly Wage Effects

 

DeFreitas, Gregory and Adriana Marshall (1984). “Immigration and Wage Growth in U.S. Manufacturing in the 1970s”. in Barbara Dennis, ed. Proceedings of the Thirty-Sixth Annual Meeting. Madison, Wisconsin: Industrial Relations Research Association, pp. 148-156.

 

-Matta, Benjamin and Anthony Popp (1988). “Immigration and the Earnings of Youth in the U.S.”. International Migration Review; V.22-#1, pp. 104-116.

 

-G. DeFreitas (1988). “Hispanic Immigration and Labor Market Segmentation”. Industrial Relations; V.27-#2, pp. 195-214.

 

-M. Enchautegui (1995). “Effects of Immigrants on the 1980-1990 U.S. Wage Experience”. Contemporary Economic Policy; V.13-#3, pp. 20-38.

 

-R. Pedace (1998). “The Impact of Immigration On the Labor Market for Native-born Workers: Incorporating the Dynamics of Internal Migration”. Eastern Economic Journal; V.24-#4, pp. 449-462.

 

-J. DeNew and K. Zimmerman (1994). “Native Wage Impacts of Foreign Labor: A Random Effects Panel Analysis”. JPopEc; V.7-#2, pp. 177-192.

 

-K. Zimmerman and J. P. De New (1994). “Blue Collar Labor Vulnerability: Wage Impacts of Migration”. in: G. Steinmann and R. Ulrich, eds. The Economic Consequences of Immigration to Germany. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag, 81-99.

 

-R. Winkelmann (1996). “Unskilled Labor and Wage Determination: An Empirical Investigation for Germany”. Journal of Population Economics; V.9-#2, pp. 159-171.

 

-R. Winter-Ebmer and J. Zweimuller (1996). “Immigration and the Earnings of Young Native Workers”. Oxford Economic Papers; V.48-#?, pp. 473-491.

 

-A. Gavosto, A. Venturini, and C. Villosio (1999). “Do Immigrants Compete with Natives?”. Review of Labour Economics and Industrial Relations, V.13-#3, pp. 603-621.

 

-A. Venturini, and C. Villosio (2000). “Foreign Workers in Italy: Are they Assimilating to Natives? Are they Competing Against Natives? An Analysis by the S.S.A. Data Set”. International Labour Review; forthcoming.

 

b) Mostly Unemployment Effects

 

-D. Manson, T. Espenshade, and T. Muller (1985). “Mexican Immigration to Southern California: Issues of Job Competition and Worker Mobility”. Review of Regional Studies; V.15-#2, pp. 21-33.

 

-T. Espenshade and T. Muller (1985). “The Impact of Immigration on Jobs and Wages”. Chapter 4 of The Fourth Wave: California’s Newest Immigrants. Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press, pp. 91-123.

 

-C. Dorantes and W.-C. Huang (1997). “Unemployment, Immigration, and NAFTA: A Panel Study of Ten Major U.S. Industries”. Journal of Labor Research; V.18-#4, pp. 613-619.

 

-J. Simon, S. Moore, and R. Sullivan (1993). “The Effect of Immigration on Aggregate Native Unemployment: An Across-City Estimation”. Journal of Labor Research; V.14-#3, pp. 299-316.

 

-R. Winkelmann and K. Zimmermann (1993). “Ageing, Migration and Labour Mobility”. in P. Johnson and K. Zimmerman, eds. Labor Markets in Aging Europe. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 255-283.

 

-M. Mühleisen and K. Zimmermann (1994). “A Panel Analysis of Job Changes and Unemployment”. EER; v.38-#?, pp. 793-801.

 

-I. Gang and F. Rivera-Batiz (1994). “Unemployment and Attitudes Towards Foreigners in Germany”. in Gunter Steinmann and Ralf Ulrich, eds., The Economics of Immigration in Germany. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 121-154.

 

-R. Winter-Ebmer and J. Zweimuller (1999). “Do Immigrants Displace Native Workers? The Austrian Experience”. Journal of Population Economics; V.12-#2, pp. 327-340.

  

c) Immigration and Income Distribution/Poverty

 

-S. Murdock, N. Zhai and R. Saenz (1999). “The Effect of Immigration on Poverty in the Southwestern United States, 1980-1990". Social Science Quarterly; V.80-#2, pp. 310-324.

 

-D. Ley and H. Smith (1997). “Immigration and Poverty in Canadian Cities, 1971-1991". Canadian Journal of Regional Science; V.20-#1/2, pp. 29-48.

 

-M. Grabka, J. Schwarze, and G. Wagner (1999). “How Unification and Immigration Affected the German Income Distribution”. EER; V.43-#?, pp. 867-878.

 

iii) Quasi-Experimental Designs

 

a) Cross-Section Differencing

 

-B. Smith and R. Newman (1977). “Depressed Wages Along the US-Mexican Border: An Experimental Analysis”. Economic Inquiry; V.15-#1, pp. 56-66.

 

-K. Butcher and D. Card (1991). “Immigration and Wages: Evidence from the 1980s”. AER; V.81-#2, pp. 292-296.

 

-J. Altonji and D. Card (1991). “The Effects of Immigration on the Labor Market Outcomes of Less-skilled Natives”. in J. Abowd and R. Freeman, eds. Immigration, Trade and the Labor Market. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 201-234.

 

-R. LaLonde and R. Topel (1991). “Immigrants in the American Labor Market: Quality, Assimilation, and Distributional Effects”. AER; V.81-#2, pp. 297-302.

 

-R. Lalonde an R. Topel (1991). “Labor Market Adjustments to Increased Migration” in J. Abowd and R. Freeman, eds. Immigration, Trade and the Labor Market. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 167-199.

 

-M. Enchautegui (1997). “Immigration and Wage Changes of High School Dropouts”. Monthly Labor Review; October, pp. 3-9.

 

-R. Schoeni (1997). “The Effects of Immigrants on Wages of Native Workers: Evidence from the 1970s and 1980s”. ms: RAND Corporation.

 

-C. Reimers (1998). “Unskilled Immigration and Changes in the Wage Distributions of Black, Mexican-American, and Non-Hispanic White Male Dropouts”. in D. Hammermesh and F. Bean, eds. Help or Hindrance? The Economic Implications of Immigration for African Americans. New York: Rullell Sage Foundation, pp. 107-148.

 

-K. Butcher (1998). “An Investigation of the Effect of Immigration on the Labor-Market Outcomes of African Americans”. in D. Hammermesh and F. Bean, eds. Help or Hindrance? The Economic Implications of Immigration for African Americans. New York: Rullell Sage Foundation, pp. 149-181.

 

-D. Card (2001). “Immigrant Inflows, Native Outflows, and the Local Labor Market Impacts of Higher Immigration”. Journal of Labor Economics; V.19-#1, pp. 22-64.

 

J-S. Pischke and J. Velling (1997). “Employment effects of immigration to Germany: An analysis based on local labor markets”. REStat; V.79-#4, pp. 594-604.

 

-J. Hatzius (1994). “The Unemployment and Earnings Effect of German Immigration”. Oxford Institute of Economics and Statistics, Applied Economics Discussion Paper, #165.

 

b) Natural Experiments

 

-D. Card (1991). “The Impact of the Mariel Boatlift on the Miami Labor Market”. ILR Review; V.43-#2, pp. 245-257.

 

-J. Hunt (1992). “The Impact of the 1962 Repatriates from Algeria on the French Labor Market”. ILR Review; V.45-#3, pp. 556-572.

 

-W. Carrington and P. de Lima (1996). “The Impact of 1970s Repatriates from Africa on the Portugese Labor Market”. ILR Review; 49-#2, pp. 330-347.

 

-R. Friedberg (2001). “The Impact of Mass Migration on the Israeli Labor Market”. Quarterly Journal of Economics; V.116-#4, pp. 1373-1408.

 

-K. Flug, Z. Hercowitz, and A. Levi (1994). “A Small-Open-Economy Analysis of Migration”. Tel Aviv Foerder Institute for Economic Research Working Paper: 13/94.

 

-D. Harrison (1984). “The Imact of Immigration on a Depressed Labour Market: The South Australian Experience”. EcRec; V.60-#?, pp. 57-67.

 

-B. Meyer (1995). “Natural and Quasi-Experiments in Economics”. Journal of Business and Economic Statistics; V.13-#2, pp. 151-161.

 

-M. Rosenzweig and K. Wolpin (2000). “Natural ‘Natural Experiments’ in Economics”. Journal of Economic Literature; V.38-#4, pp. 827-874.

 

iv) Segmented Labor Markets?

 

a) Ethnographic Studies

 

-M. Piore (1979). Birds of Passage: Migrant Labor and Industrial Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

 

-R. Waldinger (1996). “Black/Immigrant Competition Reassessed: New Evidence from Los Angeles”. Sociological Perspectives; V.40-#3, pp. 365-386.

 

-R. Waldinger (1996). “Who Makes the Beds? Who Does the Dishes? Black/Immigrant Competition Reassessed”. in H. Duleep and P. Wunnava, eds. Immigrants and Immigration Policy: Individual Skills, Family Ties, and Group Identities. Greenwich, Ct.: JAI Press.

 

-M. Rosenfeld and M. Tienda (1999). “Mexican Immigration, Occumpational Niches, and Labor Market Competition: Evidence from Los Angeles, Chicago, and Atlanta, 1970 to 1990". in F. Bean and S. Bell-Rose, eds. Immigration and Opportunity. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, pp. 64-105.

 

b) Econometric Studies

 

-DeFreitas, Gregory (1991). Inequality At Work: Hispanics in the U.S. Labor Force. New York: Oxford University Press.

 

-D. Hammermesh (1998). “Immigration and the Quality of Jobs”. in D. Hamermesh and F. Bean, eds. Help or Hindrance?: The Economic Implication for African Americans. New York: Russell Sage, pp. 75-106.

 

(c) Economy-wide Estimates

 

i) Time Series

 

-R. Warren (1982). “Immigration and the Natural Rate of Unemployment in Australia”. Journal of Macroeconomics; V.4-#?, pp. 449-459.

 

-G. Withers and D. Pope (1985). “Immigration and Unemployment”. EcRec; V.61-#?, pp. 554-563.

 

D. Pope and G. Withers (1993). “Do Migrants Rob Jobs? Lessons of Australian History, 1861-1991". Journal of Economic History; V.53-#4, pp. 719-742.

 

-J. Shan, A. Morris, and F. Sun (1999). “Immigration and Unemployment: New Evidence from Australia and New Zealand”. International Review of Applied Economics; V.13-#2, pp. 253-260.

 

-G. Tian and J. Shan (1999). “Do Migrants Rob Jobs? New Evidence from Australia”. Australian Economic History Review; V.39-#2, pp. 133-142.

 

Karunaratne, Neil Dias (1999). “Globalisation and Labour Immiserisation in Australia”. Journal of Economic Studies; V.26-#2/3, pp. 82-105.

 

-H. Lee (1992). “Maximum Likelihood Inference on Cointegration and Seasonal Cointegration”. Journal of Econometrics; V.54-#1/3, pp. 1-47.

 

-W. Marr and P. Siklos (1994). “The Link between Immigration and Unemployment in Canada”. Journal of Policy Modeling; V.16-#1, pp. 1-25.

 

-W. Marr and P. Siklos (1995). “Immigration and Unemployment: A Canadian Macroeconomic Perspective”. in D. DeVoretz, ed. Diminishing returns: The Economics of Canada's Recent Immigration Policy. (Policy Study 24). Toronto: C. D. Howe Institute; pp. 293-330.

 

Borjas, George and Valerie Ramey (1994). “Time-Series Evidence on the Sources of Trends in Wage Inequality”. American Economic Review; V.84-#2, pp. 10-16.

 

ii) Partial Equilibrium Simulation

 

-G. Borjas, R. Freeman and L. Katz (1992). “On the Labor Market Effects of Immigration and Trade”. In G. Borjas and R. Freeman, eds. Immigration and the Work Force. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 213-244.

 

-G. Borjas, R. Freeman and L. Katz (1996). “Searching for the Effect of Immigration on the Labor Market”. AER; V.86-#2, pp. 246-251.

 

-G. Borjas, R. Freeman, and L. Katz (1997). “How Much Do Immigration and Trade Affect Labor Market Outcomes?”. BPEA; #1, pp. 1-67.

 

-G. Borjas (1995). “The Economic Benefits from Immigration”. JEcPerspectives; V.9-#2, pp. 3-22.

 

-T. Bauer and K. Zimmerman (1997). “Integrating the East: The Labor Market Effects of Immigration”. in: S. W. Black, ed. Europe`s Economy Looks East-Implications for the EU and Germany. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 269-306.

 

(d) Immigration and Income Distribution in Simple AGE Models

 

-B. Hamilton and J. Whalley (1984). “Efficiency and Distributional Implications of Global Restrictions on Labour Mobility: Calculations and Policy Implications”. JDevE; V.14-#?, pp. 61-76.

 

-H. Thompson and D. Clark (1983). “Factor Movements with Three Factors and Two Goods in the US Economy”. EcLets; V.12-#?, pp. 53-60.

 

-D. Clark and H. Thompson (1986). “Immigration, International Capital Flows, and Long-run Income Distribution in Canada”. Atlantic Economic Journal; V.14-#4, pp. 24-29.

 

-H. Thompson and D. Clark (1990). “International Factor Migration and the U.S.”. Atlantic Economic Journal; V.18-#2, pp. 74-78.

 

-F. Rivera-Batiz (1986). “Modeling the Short-run Economic Effects of Immigration: Some General Equilibrium Simulations”. Modeling and Simulation; V.17-Part 1, pp. 215-222.

 

-J. Heckman, L. Lochner, and C. Taber (1998). “Explaining Rising Wage Inequality: Explorations with a Dynamic General Equilibrium Model of Labor Earnings with Heterogeneous Agents”. Review of Economic Dynamics; V.1-#1, pp. 1-58.

 

-J. Williamson (1982). “Immigrant-Inequality Trade-Offs in the Promised Land: Income Distribution and Absorptive Capacity Prior to the Quotas”. in B. Chiswick, ed. The Gateway: US Immigration Issues and Policies. Washington, DC: AEI, pp. 251-288.

 

-T. Hatton and J.Williamson (1995). “The Impact of Immigration on American Labor Markets Prior to the Quotas”. NBER Working Paper; #5185 .

 

(e) Other

 

-S. Collins (1991). “Immigrants, Labor Market Pressures, and the Composition of the Aggregate Demand”. in J. Abowd and R. Freeman, eds. Immigration, Trade and the Labor Market. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 305-318.

 

-M. Tienda (1998). “Immigration and Native Minority Workers: Is There Bad News After All?” in D.S. Hammermesh and F.D. Bean, (eds.) Help or Hindrance? The Economic Implication of Immigration for African Americans. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, pp. 345-352.

 

-M. Rosenfeld and M. Tienda (1998). “Labor Market Implications of Scale, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship”. in Binational Study: Migration Between Mexico and the United States. Washington, DC: U.S. Commission on Immigration Reform, pp. 1049-1073.

 

-B. Chapman and D. Cobb-Clark (1999). “A Comparative Static Model of the Relationship between Immigration and the Short-Run Job Prospects of Unemployed Residents”. EcRec; V.75-#231, pp. 358-368.

 

-B. Chapman, D. Pope and G. Withers (1985). “Immigration and the Labour Market”. in N. Norman and K. Meikle, eds. The Economic Effects of Immigration on Australia, Vol. 2. Melbourne: Committee for Economic Development of Australia, pp. 162-284.

 

-K. Zimmerman and C. Schmidt.(1992). “Migration Pressure in Germany: Past and Future”. in: K. F. Zimmermann, ed. Migration and Economic Development. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 207-236.

 

-K. Zimmerman (1993). “Unemployment and Migration”. In L. Bekemans and L. Tsoukalis, eds. Europe and Global Economic Interdependence. Bruges: European Interuniversity Press, pp. 25-52.

 

-K. Zimmerman (1994). “The Labour Market Impact of Immigration”. in S. Spencer, ed. Immigration as an Economic Asset: The German Experience. Oakhill: Trentham Books, pp. 39-64.

 

-T. Bauer and K. Zimmerman (1997). “Integrating the East: The Labor Market Effects of Immigration”. in: S. W. Black, ed. Europe`s Economy Looks East-Implications for the EU and Germany. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 269-306.

   

-T. Bauer and K. Zimmerman (1997). “Looking South and East: Labor Market Implications of Migration in Europe and Developing Countries” in: O. Memedovic, ed. Globalization of Labour Markets: Challenges, Adjustment and Policy Response in the European Union and Less Developed Countries. Dordrecht: Kluwer, pp. 75-103.

 

-M Beenstock and J. Fisher (1997). “The Macroeconomic Effects of Immigration: Israel in the 1990s”. WA, V.133-#2, pp. 330-358.

 

-M. Beenstock and I. Ben-Menahem (1997). “The Labour Market Absorption of CIS Immigrants to Israel: 1989–1994". International Migration; V.35-#2, pp. 187-224.

 

(3) Labor Market Effects of Trade and Immigration

 

(a) Theoretical Analysis

 

i) Overviews

 

Rivera-Batiz, Francisco (1983). “Trade Theory, Distribution of Income, and Immigration”. American Economic Review; V.73-#2, pp. 183-187.

 

Ethier, Wilfred (1986). “International Trade Theory and International Migration”. in O. Stark, ed. Migration, Human Capital and Development. Greenwich: JAI Press, pp. 27-74.

 

Ethier, Wilfred (1996). “Theories about Trade Liberalisation and Migration: Substitutes or Complements?”. in P.J. Lloyd and L. Williams, eds. International Trade and Migration in the APEC Region. Melbourne: OUP, pp. 50-68.

 

Wong, Kar-yiu (1995). “International Labor Migration”. Chapter 14 of International Trade of Goods and Factor Mobility. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 625-664.

 

Razin, Assaf and Sadka, Efraim (1997). “International Migration and International Trade”. Chapter 15 in M. Rosenzweig and O. Stark, eds. Handbook of Population and Family Economics. Vol. 1B, Amsterdam: North Holland, pp. 851-887.

 

Trefler, Daniel (1998). “Immigrants and Natives in General Equilibrium Trade Models”. in J. Smith and B. Edmonston, eds. The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, pp. 206-238.

 

Venables, Anthony (1999). “Trade Liberalisation and Factor Mobility: An Overview”. in R. Faini, J. deMelo, and K. Zimmermann, eds. Migration: The Controversies and the Evidence. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 23-47. [Comment by A. Sapir follows.]

 

Schiff, Maurice (1996). “South-North Migration and Trade: A Survey”. ms: World Bank/International Economics Department.

 

ii) Standard Competitive Models

 

a) 2 × 2 Models

 

Rybczynski, T.N. (1955). “Factor Endowments and Relative Commodity Prices”. Economica; V.22-#88, pp. 336-341.

 

Mundell, Robert (1957). “International Trade and Factor Mobility”. American Economic Review, V.47-#3, pp. 321-335.

 

Amano, Akhiro (1966). “International Factor Movements and the Terms of Trade”. Canadian Journal of Economics; V.32-#4, pp. 510-519.

 

Casas, Francisco and Gerald Scully (1972). “Temporary Labour Migration and the Theory of Optimal Intervention”. Oxford Economic Papers; V.24-#2, pp. 166-179.

 

Markusen, James (1983). “Factor Movements and Commodity Trade as Complements”. Journal of International Economics; V.14-#3/4, pp. 341-356.

 

Wong, Kar-yiu (1986). “Are International Trade and Factor Mobility Substitutes?”. Journal of International Economics; V.21-#1/2, pp. 25-43.

 

Tapvong, Churai (1986). “Duality in Factor Endowments, International Trade, and Factor Prices: An Analysis of Labour Migration”. Indian Economic Journal; V.33-#3, pp. 46-52.

 

Norman, Victor and Anthony Venables (1995). “International Trade, Factor Mobility, and Trade Costs”. Economic Journal; V.105-#433, pp. 1488-1504.

 

b) 3 × 2 Models

 

Ruffin, Roy (1981). “Trade and Factor Movements with Three Factors and Two Goods”. Economics Letters; V.7-#?, pp. 177-182.

 

Jones, Ronald and Stephen Easton (1983). “Factor Intensities and Factor Substitution in General Equilibrium”. Journal of International Economics; V.15-#1/2, pp. 65-99.

 

Thompson, Henry (1983). “Trade and International Factor Mobility”. Atlantic Economic Journal; V.11-#4, pp. 45-48.

 

Thompson, Henry (1983). “Factor Migration and Income Distribution in International Trade”. Keio Economic Studies; V.20-#?, pp. 65-70

 

Jones, Ronald (1985). “A Theorem on Income Distribution in a Small Open Economy”. Journal of International Economics; V.18-#1/2, pp. 171-176.

 

Jones, Ronald and Stephen Easton (1990). “Foreign Investment and Migration: Analytics and Extensions of the Basic Model”. Keio Economic Studies; V.27-#1, pp. 1-20.

 

Davies, James and Ian Wooton (1992). “Income Inequality and International Migration”. Economic Journal; V.102-#413, pp. 789-802.

 

c) m × n models

 

Neary, J. Peter (1985). “International Factor Mobility, Minimum Wage Rates, and Factor Price Equalization: A Synthesis”. Quarterly Journal of Economics; V.100-#3, pp. 551-570.

 

Svensson, Lars (1984). “Factor Trade and Goods Trade”. Journal of International Economics; V.16-#3/4, pp. 365-378.

 

Markusen, James and Lars Svensson (1985). “Trade in Goods and Factors with International Differences in Technology”. International Economic Review; V.26-#1, pp. 175-192.

 

Ohyama, Michihiro (1989). “Factor Endowments and the Pattern of Commodity and Factor Trade”. Keio Economic Studies; V.26-#1, pp. 19-29.

 

Ethier, Wilfred and Lars Svensson (1986). “The Theorems of International Trade with Capital Mobility”. Journal of International Economics; V.20-#1/2, pp. 21-42.

 

Romer, John (1983). “Unequal Exchange, Labor Migration and International Capital Flows: A Theoretical Synthesis.” in P. Desai, ed. Marxism, Central Planning and the Soviet Economy: Economic Essays in Honor of Alexander Erlich. Cambridge: MIT Press.

 

iii) Non-Traded and Intermediate Goods

 

a) 2 × 2 Models–One good non-traded

 

Krauss, Melvyn (1976). “The Economics of the ‘Guest Worker’ Problem: A Neo-Heckscher-Ohlin Approach”. Scandinavian Journal of Economics; V.78-#3, pp. 469-476.

 

Rivera-Batiz, Francisco (1983). “The Economics of the ‘To and Fro’ Migrant” Some Welfare-theoretical Considerations”. Scandinavian Journal of Economics; V.85-#3, pp. 403-413.

 

Rivera-Batiz, Francisco (1982). “Nontraded Goods and the Pure Theory of International Trade with Equal Numbers of Goods and Factors”. International Economic Review; V.23-#2, pp. 401-409.

 

Bond, Eric (1993). “Labor Mobility and Wage Rate Equalization”. in R. Becker, M. Boldrin, R. Jones and W. Thomson, eds. General Equilibrium, Growth, and Trade II. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 442-459.

 

Rubel, Gerhard (1994). “Economic Welfare, International Factor Mobility and Non-tradeable Goods” “Economic Welfare, International Factor Mobility and Non-tradeable Goods”. Zeitschrift fur Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften; V.114-#1, pp. 25-40.

 

Hatzipanayotou, Panos (1994). “Nontraded Goods, Capital Taxes, and Temporary Immigration in a Small Open Economy”. International Economic Journal; V.8-#4, pp. 15-26.

 

Kondoh, Kenji (1999). “Permanent Migrants and Cross-Border Workers: The Effects on the Host Country”. Journal of Regional Science; V.39-#3, pp. 467-478.

 

b) 3 × 3 Models–One good non-traded

 

Kuhn, Peter and Ian Wooton (1991). “Immigration, International Trade and the Wages of Native Workers”. in J. Abowd and R. Freeman, eds. Immigration, Trade and the Labor Market. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 285-304.

 

Michael, Michael (1992). “International Factor Mobility, Non-traded Goods, Tariffs, and the Terms of Trade”. Canadian Journal of Economics; V.25-#2, pp. 493-499.

 

Panagariya, Arvind (1992). “Explaining the Pattern of Factor Flows between North and South”. Osaka Economic Papers; V.40-#3/4, pp. 199-209.

 

c) m × n models–Many goods non-traded

 

Rodriguez, Carlos Alfredo (1975). “International Factor Mobility, Nontraded Goods, and the International Equalization of Prices of Goods and Factors”. Econometrica; V.43-#1, pp. 115-124.

 

Neary, J. Peter (1989). “Immigration and Real Wages”. Economics Letters; V.30-#2, pp. 171-174.

 

Deardorff, Alan and Paul Courant (1990). “On the Likelihood of Factor Price Equalization with Nontraded Goods”. International Economic Review; V.31-#3, pp. 589-596.

 

Bond, Eric (1993). “Trade, Factor Mobility, and Income Distribution in a Regional Model with Compensating Wage Differentials”. Regional Science and Urban Economics; V.23-#1, pp. 67-84.

 

Michael, Michael and Panos Hatzipanayotou (1995). “International Factor Mobility, Nontraded Goods and Tariff Reform”. Japanese Economic Review; V.46-#3, pp. 274-281.

 

d) Intermediate goods

 

Hazari, Bharat and Pasquale Sgro (1975). “Non-Competitive Intermediate Imported Goods, Factor Accumulation and Terms of Trade”. Australian Economic Papers; V.14-#25, pp. 272-276.

 

Pastine, Ivan and Tuvana Pastine (1997). “Migration, Intermediate Inputs and Real Wages”. Journal of International Trade and Economic Development; V.6-#3, pp. 419-425.

 

Anwar, Sajid (1995). “Government Spending on Public Goods, International Factor Mobility and Trade”. Journal of Economic Integration; V.10-#4, pp. 505-517.

 

iv) Labor Market Microstructure

 

a) Specific Factors

 

Sapir, André (1983). “Foreign Competition, Immigration and Structural Adjustment”. Journal of International Economics; V.14-#3/4, pp. 381-394.

 

Mutti, John and Shelby Gerking (1983). “Changes in Income Distribution and Welfare from Greater Immigration of Unskilled Workers”. European Economic Review; V.23-#1, pp. 103-116.

 

Gerking, Shelby and John Mutti (1983). “Factor Rewards and the International Migration of Unskilled Labor: A Model with Capital Mobility”. Journal of International Economics; V.14-#3/4, pp. 367-380.

 

Thompson, Henry (1985). “International Capital Mobility in a Specific Factor Model”. Atlantic Economic Journal; V.13-#2, pp. 76-79.

 

Djajic, Slobodan and Douglas Purvis (1987). “Intersectoral Adjustment and the Dynamics of Wages and Employment Opportunities”. Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv; V.123-#2, pp. 216-231.

 

b) Minimum wage

 

Rivera-Batiz, Francisco (1981). “The Effects of Immigration in a Distorted Two-Sector Economy”. Economic Inquiry; V.19-#4, pp. 626-639.

 

Brecher, Richard and Ehsan Choudhri (1987). “International Migration versus Foreign Investment in the Presence of Unemployment”. Journal of International Economics; V.23-#3/4, pp. 329-342.

 

Djajic, Slobodan (1993). “Minimum Wage, Unemployment and International Migration”. Journal of International Trade and Economic Development, V.2-#?, pp. 133-150.

 

Easton, Stephen and Ronald Jones (1992). “Wage Agreements and Optimal International Factor Flows”. in H. Giersch, ed.. Money, trade and competition: Essays in memory of Egon Sohmen. New York: Springer, pp. 151-165.

 

Basu, Bharati (1995). “Minimum Wage, International Migration and Their Effects on Welfare”. International Economic Journal; V.9-#2, pp. 101-120.

 

Yabuuchi, Shigemi (1997). “Urban Unemployment, International Labor Mobility and Welfare”. Japan and the World Economy; V.9-#1, pp. 71-79.

 

Davis, Donald (1998). “Does European Unemployment Prop Up American Wages? National Labor Markets and Global Trade”. American Economic Review; V.88-#3, pp. 478-494.

 

c) Unions/Insiders & Outsiders

 

Schmidt, Christoph, Anette Stilz, and Klaus Zimmerman (1994). “Mass Migration, Unions, and Government Intervention”. Journal of Public Economics; V.55-#2, pp. 185-201.

 

Fuest, Clemens and Marcel Thum (2000). “Welfare Effects of Immigration in a Dual Labor Market”. Regional Science and Urban Economics; V.30-#5, pp. 551-563.

 

Winter-Ebmer, Rudolph and Josef Zweimuller (1995). “Internal Labor Markets and Determination of Earnings in the Presence of Immigrant Workers”. Economics Letters; V.48-#2, pp. 185-191.

 

d) Efficiency Wage

 

Ethier, Wilfred (1985). “International Trade and Labor Migration”. American Economic Review; V.75-#4, pp. 691-707.

 

Carter, Thomas (1993). “Efficiency Wages and International Factor Mobility”. International Economic Journal; V.7-#1, pp. 13-29.

 

Müller, Tobias (1999). “Migration, Dual Labor Markets and Social Welfare in a Small Open Economy”. in R. Faini, J. deMelo, and K. Zimmermann, eds. Migration: The Controversies and the Evidence. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 151-184.

 

e) Other

 

Rauch, James (1991). “Reconciling Patterns of Trade with the Pattern of Migration”. American Economic Review; V.81-#4, pp. 775-796.

 

Ishikawa, Jota (1996). “Scale Economies in Factor Supplies: International Trade and Migration”. Canadian Journal of Economics; V.29-#3, pp. 573-594.

 

-H.T. Hoon (1995). “Welfare Effects of International Trade and Migration in the Context of Endogenous Unemployment”. in Jin Hui Chan Ong,, Kwok Bun Chew, Soon Beng, eds. Crossing Borders: Transmigration in Asia Pacific. New York: Simon and Schuster International, Prentice Hall, pp. 83-100.

 

v) Increasing Returns in Production

 

-S. Yabuuchi and S. Kakimoto (1991). “International Factor Mobility and Immiserizing Growth under Variable Returns to Scale”. in A. Takayama, M. Ohyama, and H., Ohta, eds. Trade, Policy, and International Adjustments. New York: Academic Press, pp. 155-172.

 

Panagariya, Arvind (1992). “Factor Mobility, Trade and Welfare--A North-South Analysis with Economies of Scale”. Journal of Development Economics; V.39-#2, pp. 229-245.

 

Quibria, M.G. (1993). “International Migration, Increasing Returns and Real Wages”. Canadian Journal of Economics; V.26-#2, pp. 456-468.

 

Francois, Joseph (1994). “Global Production and Trade: Factor Migration and Commercial Policy with International Scale Economies”. International Economic Review; V.35-#3, pp. 565-581.

 

Ludema, Rodney and Ian Wooton (1999). “Regional Integration, Trade and Migration: Are Demand Linkages Relevant in Europe?”. in R. Faini, J. deMelo, and K. Zimmermann, eds. Migration: The Controversies and the Evidence. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 51-67. [Comment by G. Basevi follows.]

 

Markusen, James and Steven Zahniser (1999). “Liberalisation and Incentives for Labor Migration: Theory with Applications to NAFTA”. in R. Faini, J. deMelo, and K. Zimmermann, eds. Migration: The Controversies and the Evidence. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 263-293.

 

(b) Econometric Analysis

 

i)

Complements or Substitutes?

 

Horiba, Yutaka and Rickey Kirkpatrick (1983). “U.S. North-South Labor Migration and Trade”. Journal of Regional Science; V.23-#1, pp. 93-103.

 

Molle, Willem and Aad van Mourik (1988). “International Movements of Labour under Conditions of Economic Integration: The Case of Western Europe”. JCMS; V.26-#3, pp. 317-342.

 

-D. Gould (1994). “Immigrant Links to the Home Country: Empirical Implications for U.S. Bilateral Trade Flows”. Review of Economics and Statistics; V.76-#2, pp. 302-316.

 

-K. Head and J. Ries (1998). “Immigration and Trade Creation: Econometric Evidence from Canada”. Canadian Journal of Economics; V.31-#1, pp. 47-62.

 

-K. Head, J. Ries, and D. Wagner (1998). “Immigrants and the Trade of Provinces”. Research on Immigration and Integration in the Metropolis (RIIM) Working Paper; #98-21.

 

-J. Helliwell (1997). “National Borders, Trade and Migration”. Pacific Economic Review; V.2-#3, pp. 165-185.

 

-W. Hutchinson and J. Dunlevy (1999). “The Impact of Immigration on American Import Trade in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries”. Journal of Economic History; V.59-#4, pp. 1043-1062.

 

-W. Collins, K. O’Rourke, and J. Williamson (1999). “Were Trade and Factor Mobility Subsitutes in History?”. in R. Faini, J. deMelo, and K. Zimmermann, eds. Migration: The Controversies and the Evidence. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 227-259.

 

ii) Labor Market Effects

 

Freeman, Richard and Lawrence Katz (1991). “Industrial Wage and Employment Determination in an Open Economy”. in J. Abowd and R. Freeman, eds. Immigration, Trade and the Labor Market. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 235-259.

 

Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf and Josef Zweimuller (1999). “Immigration, Trade, and Austrian Unemployment”. in M. Landesmann and K. Pichelmann, eds. Unemployment in Europe. New York: St. Martins.

 

Haisken-De New, John and Klaus Zimmermann (1999). “Wage and Mobility Effects of Trade and Migration”. in: M. Dewatripont and A. Sapir, eds. International Trade and Employment: The European Experience, Oxford University Press, pp. 139-160.

 

Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf and Klaus Zimmerman (1999). “East-West Trade and Migration: The Austro-German Case”. in R. Faini, J. deMelo, and K. Zimmermann, eds. Migration: The Controversies and the Evidence. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 296-326.

 

Wong, Kar-yiu (1988). “International Factor Mobility and the Volume of Trade: An Empirical Study”. in R. Feenstra, ed. Empirical Methods for International Trade. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 231-250.

 

Kohli, Ulrich (1993). “International Labor Mobility and the Demand for Imports”, Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Volkswirtschaft und Statistik, V.129-#?, pp. 547-561.

 

Kohli, Ulrich (1999). “Trade and Migration: A Production-Theory Approach”. in R. Faini, J. deMelo, and K. Zimmermann, eds. Migration: The Controversies and the Evidence. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 117-146.

 

Kohli, Ulrich (2002). “Migration and Foreign Trade: Further Results”. Journal of Population Economics; V.15-#2, pp. 381-387.

 

Harrigan, James (1997). “Technology, Factor Supplies, and International Specialization: Estimating the Neoclassical Model”. American Economic Review; V.87-#4, pp. 475-494.

 

Hanson, Gordon and Matthew Slaughter (2000). “Labor-Market Adjustment in Open Economies: Evidence from U.S. States”. ms: Dartmouth College.

 

Gandal, Neil, Gordon Hanson, and Matthew Slaughter (2000). “Tehnology, Trade and Adjustment to Immigration in Israel”. ms: Dartmouth College.

 

(c) Trade and Migration in AGE Models

 

i) Simple AGE Models

 

Hamilton, Bob and John Whalley (1984). “Efficiency and Distributional Implications of Global Restrictions on Labour Mobility: Calculations and Policy Implications”. Journal of Development Economics; V.14-#1/2, pp. 61-76.

 

Hill, John and José Méndez (1984). “The Effect of Commercial Policy on International Migration Flows: The Case of the US and Mexico”. Journal of International Economics, V.17-#1/2, pp. 41-53.

 

Thompson, Henry and Don Clark (1983). “Factor Movements with Three Factors and Two Goods in the US Economy”. Economics Letters; V.12-#?, pp. 53-60.

 

Clark, Don and Henry Thompson (1986). “Immigration, International Capital Flows, and Long-run Income Distribution in Canada”. Atlantic Economic Journal; V.14-#4, pp. 24-29.

 

Thompson, Henry and Don Clark (1990). “International Factor Migration and the U.S.”. Atlantic Economic Journal; V.18-#2, pp. 74-78.

 

Clark, Don and Henry Thompson (1990). “Factor Migration and Income Distribution in Some Developing Countries”. Bulletin of Economic Research; V.42-#2, pp. 131-140.

 

Rivera-Batiz, Francisco (1986). “Modeling the Short-run Economic Effects of Immigration: Some General Equilibrium Simulations”. Modeling and Simulation; V.17-Part 1, pp. 215-222.

 

Paul Oslington (2001). “Migration, Jobs and Welfare: A General Equilibrium Analysis”. Pacific Economic Review, V.6-#3, pp. 331-344.

 

Francois, Joseph and Douglas Nelson (1999). “Population Growth, Trade Policy and Migration Incentives”. in R. Baldwin and J. Francois, eds. Dynamic Issues in Applied Commercial Policy Analysis. New York: Cambridge University Press/CEPR.

 

-J. Heckman, L. Lochner, and C. Taber (1998). ‘Explaining Rising Wage Inequality: Explorations with a Dynamic General Equilibrium Model of Labor Earnings with Heterogeneous Agents”. Review of Economic Dynamics; V.1-#1, pp. 1-58.

 

-J. Williamson (1982). “Immigrant-Inequality Trade-Offs in the Promised Land: Income Distribution and Absorptive Capacity Prior to the Quotas”. in B. Chiswick, ed. The Gateway: US Immigration Issues and Policies. Washington, DC: AEI, pp. 251-288.

 

-T. Hatton and J.Williamson (1995). “The Impact of Immigration on American Labor Markets Prior to the Quotas”. NBER Working Paper; #5185 .

 

ii) Large-scale AGE Models

 

Hinojosa-Ojeda, Raúl and Sherman Robinson (1992). “Labor Issues in a North-American Free Trade Area”. In N. Lustig, B. Bosworth, and R. Lawrence, eds. Assessing the Impact of North American Free Trade. Pp. 69-108.

 

Robinson, Sherman, Mary Burfisher, Raúl Hinojosa-Ojeda, and Karen Thierfelder (1993). “Agricultural Policies and Migration in a US Mexico Free Trade Area”. Journal of Policy Modelling; V.15-#5/6, pp. 673-701.

 

Burfisher, Mary, Sherman Robinson and Karen Thierfelder (1994). “Wage Changes in a US-Mexico Free Trade Area: Migration versus Stolper-Samuelson Effects”. In J. Francois and C. Shiells, eds. Pp. 195-222.

 

Levy, Santiago and Sweder van Wijnbergen (1994). “Labor Markets, Migration and Welfare: Agriculture in the North-American Free Trade Agreement”. Journal of Development Economics; V.43-#?, pp. 263-278.

 

McCleery, Robert (1992). “An Intertemporal, Linked, Macroeconomic CGE Model of the US and Mexico, Focusing on Demographic Change and Factor Flows”. In USITC, Economy-wide Modeling of the Economic Implications of a FTA With Mexico and a NAFTA with Canada and Mexico. Washington, DC: USITC, pp. 373-441.

 

Hinojosa-Ojeda, Raúl and Robert McCleery (1993). “US-Mexico Interdependence, Social Pacts and Policy Perspectives: A CGE Approach”. In J. Bustamante, C. Reynolds, and R. Hinojosa-Ojeda, eds. US-Mexico Relations: Labor Market Interdependence. Stanford: Stanford University Press, pp. 113-154.

 

Hinojosa-Ojeda, Raúl, Robert McCleery, and Fernando DePaolis (1998). “Economic Effects of NAFTA: Employment and Migration Modeling Results”. in OECD, Migration, Free Trade and Regional Integration in North America. OECD: Paris, pp. 235-257.

 

Weyerbrock, Silvia (1995). “Can the European Community Absorb More Immigrants? A General Equilibrium Analysis of the Labor Market and Macroeconomic Effects of East-West Migration in Europe”. Journal of Policy Modeling; V.17-#2, pp. 85-120.

 

Faini, Riccardo, J.-M. Grether, and Jaime de Melo (1999). “Globalization and Migratory Pressure from Developing Countries: A Simulation Analysis”. in Riccardo Faini, Jaime deMelo, and Klaus Zimmermann, eds. Migration: The Controversies and the Evidence. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 190-220.

 

Taylor, Alan (1997). “Peopling the Pampa: On the Impact of Mass Migration to the River Plate, 1870-1914". Explorations in Economic History; V.34-#1, pp. 100-1132.

 

(4) Migrant Wages and Work Experience

 

(a) Economic Assimilation, Selection, and Labor Force Outcomes

 

i) Late-19th and Early-20th Century

 

-P. Douglas (1919). “Is the New Immigration Less Skilled than the Old?”. Journal of the American Statistical Association; V.15-#126, pp. 393-403.

 

-F. Blau (1980). “Immigration and Labor Earnings in Early Twentieth Century America”. Research in Population Economics; V.2-#?, pp. 21-41.

 

-B. Eichengreen and H. Gemery (1986). “The Earnings of Skilled and Unskilled Immigrants at the End of the Nineteenth Century”. Journal of Economic History; V.46-#?, pp. 441-454.

 

-J. Dunlevy (1980). “Nineteenth Century European Immigration to the US: Intended versus Lifetime Settlement Patterns”. EDCC; V.29-#?, pp. 77-90.

 

-F. Blau (1980). “Immigration and Labor Earnings in Early Twentieth Century America”. in J. Simon and J. DaVanzo, eds. Research in Population Economics; V.2, pp. 21-41.

 

-J. Williamson (1982). “Immigrant-Inequality Trade-Offs in the Promised Land: Income Distribution and Absorptive Capacity Prior to the Quotas”. in B. Chiswick, ed. The Gateway: U.S. Immigration Issues and Policies. Washington, DC: AEI, pp. 251-288.

 

-C. Hanes (1996). “Immigrants’ Relative Rate of Wage Growth in the Late Nineteenth Century”. Explorations in Economic History; V.33-#1, pp. 35-64.

 

-J. Ferrie (1995). “Up and Out, or Down and Out? Immigrant Mobility in the Antebellum U.S.”. Journal of Interdisciplinary History; V.26-#?, pp. 33-55.

 

-T. Hatton (1997). “The Immigrant Assimilation Puzzle in Late Nineteenth-Century America”. Journal of Economic History; V.57-#1, pp. 34-62.

 

-J. Ferrie (1997). “Immigrants and Natives: comparative Economic Performance in the US, 1850-1860 and 1965-1980". Research in Labor Economics; V.16, pp. 319-341.

 

-J. Ferrie (1999). Yankeys now: Immigrants in the antebellum United States, 1840-1860. Oxford: OUP.

 

-A. Taylor (1997). “Peopling the Pampa: On the Impact of Mass Migration to the River Plate, 1870-1914". Explorations in Economic History; V.34-#1, pp. 100-132.

 

-T. Hatton (2000). “How much did immigrant ‘quality’ decline in late nineteenth century America?”. Journal of Population Economics; V.13-#3, pp. 509-525.

 

ii) Late 20th Century

 

a) General Analyses

 

-T.P. Schultz (1998). “Immigrant Quality and Assimilation: A Review of the US Literature”. Journal of Population Economics; V.11-#?, pp. 239-252.

 

-B. Chiswick (1978). “The Effect of Americanization on the Earnings of Foreign-born Men”. JPE; V.86-#?, pp. 897-921.

 

-B. Chiswick (1979). “The Economic Progress of Immigrants: Some Apparently Universal Patterns”. in W. Fellner, ed. Contemporary Economic Problems–1979. Washington, DC: AEI, pp. 359-399.

 

-D. Massey (1981). “Dimensions of the New Immigration to the United States and the Prospects for Assimilation”. Annual Review of Sociology; V.7, pp. 57-85.

 

-G. Borjas (1985). “Assimilation, Changes in Cohort Quality, and the Earnings of Immigrants”. JLabE; V.3-#?, pp. 463-489.

 

-C. Reimers (1985). “A Comparative Analysis of the Wages of Hispanics, Blacks and Non-Hispanic White Workers”. in G. Borjas and M. Tienda eds. Hispanics in the US Economy. Orlando: Academic Press, pp. 27-75.

 

-G. DeFreitas (1985). “Ethnic Differentials in Unemployment among Hispanic Americans”. in G. Borjas and M. Tienda eds. Hispanics in the US Economy. Orlando: Academic Press, pp. 127-157.

 

-B. Chiswick (1986). Is the New Immigration Less Skilled Than the Old?”. JLabE; V.4-#?, pp. 168-192.

 

-G. Borjas (1987). “Self-Selection and the Earnings of Immigrants”. AER; V.77-#?, pp. 531-553. [comment by Jasso/Rosenzweig and response, AER; 1990, V.80-#3, pp. 298-308.]

 

-G. Borjas (1989). “Immigrant and Emigrant Earnings: A Longitudinal Study”. EcInq; V.27-#1, pp. 21-37.

 

-G. Borjas (1991). “Immigration and Self-Selection”. in J. Abowd and R. Freeman, eds. Immigration, Trade and the Labor Market. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 29-76.

 

-G. Borjas (1992). “National Origin and the Skills of Immigrants in the Postwar Period”. In G. Borjas and R. Freeman, eds. Immigration and the Work Force. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 17-47.

 

G. Borjas (1994). “Immigrant Skills and Ethnic Spillovers”. Journal of Population Economics; V.7-#2, pp.99-118.

 

-G. Borjas (1995). “Assimilation and Changes in Cohort Quality Revisited: What Happened in the 1980s”. Journal of Labor Economics; V.13-#2, pp. 201-245.

 

-G. Jasso and M. Rosenzweig (1986). “What’s in a Name?: Country-of-Origin Influences on the Earnings of Immigrants in the US”. In O. Stark, ed. Research in Human Capital and Development; Greenwich: JAI Press, pp. 75-106.

 

-G. Jasso and M. Rosenzweig (1988). “How Well Do US Immigrants Do? Vintage Effects, Emigration Selectivity, and Occupational Mobility”. Research in Human Capital and Development, V.6, pp. 229-253.

 

-G. Jasso and M. Rosenzweig (1990). The New Chosen People: Immigrants in the United States. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

 

-S. Kossoudji (1989). “Immigrant Worker Assimilation: Is It a Labor Market Phenomenon”. Journal of Human Resources; V.?-#?, pp. 494-527.

 

-M. Tienda and F. Wilson (1991). “Migration, Ethnicity, and Labor Force Activity”. in J. Abowd and R. Freeman, eds. Immigration, Trade and the Labor Market. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 135-163.

 

-R. LaLonde and R. Topel (1992). “The Assimilation of Immigrants in the U.S. Labor Market”. In G. Borjas and R. Freeman, eds. Immigration and the Work Force. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 67-92.

 

-G. Borjas and M. Tienda (1993). “Employment and Wages of Legalized Immigrants.” International Migration Review; V.27-#4, pp. 712-747.

 

-D. Cobb-Clark (1993). “Immigrant Selectivity and Wages: The Evidence for Women”. AER; V.83-#4, pp. 986-993.

 

-A. Yuengert (1994). “Immigrant Earnings, Relative to What?: The Importance of Earnings Function Specification and Comparison Points”. Journal of Applied Econometrics; V.9-#1, pp. 71-90.

 

-K. Butcher (1994). “Black Immigrants in the United States: A Comparison with Native Blacks and Other Immigrants”. Industrial and Labor Relations Review; V.47-#2, pp. 265-284.

 

-E. Funkhauser and S. Trejo (1995). “The Labor Market Skills of Recent Male Immigrants: Evidence from the Current Population Survey”. ILR Review; V.48-#4, pp. 792-811.

 

-D. Massey (1995). “The New Immigration and Ethnicity in the United States”. Population and Development Review; V.21-#3, pp. 631-652.

 

-A. Barrett (1996). “Did the Decline Continue? Comparing the Labor-Market Quality of United States Immigrants from the late 1970s and the Late 1980s”. Journal of Population Economics, V.9-#1, pp. 57-63.

 

-G. Borjas (1996). “The Earnings of Mexican Immigrants in the United States”. Journal of Development Economics; V.51-#1, pp. 69-98.

 

-M. Greenwood, J. McDowell, and D. Waldman (1996). “A Model of the Skill Composition of US Immigration”. Applied Economics; V.28-#3, pp. 299-308.

 

-S. Trejo (1997). “Why Do Mexican American Earn Low Wages?”. JPE; V.105-#6, pp. 1235-1268.

 

-M. Rosenfeld and M. Tienda (1997). “Labor Market Implications of Mexican Immigration: Economics of Scale, Innovation and Entrepreneurship”. in Frank Bean, Rodolfo de la Garza, Bryan Roberts and Sidney Weintraub, eds. At the Crossroads: Mexico and U.S. Immigration Policy. New York: Rowmann & Littlefield, pp. 177-199.

 

-H.O. Duleep and M. Regets (1996). “Earnings Convergence: Does It Matter Where Immigrants Come From or Why?”. Canadian Journal of Economics; V.29-#0(Special Issue,Part 1 ), pp. S130-S134.

 

-H.O. Duleep and M. Regets (1997). “The Decline in Immigrant Entry Earnings: Less Transferable Skills of Lower Ability?”. Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance; V.37-#0, pp. 189-208.

 

-H.O. Duleep and M. Regets (1997). “Measuring Immigrant Wage Growth Using Matched CPS Files”. Demography; V.34-#2, pp. 239-249.

 

-H.O. Duleep and M. Regets (1997). “Immigrant Entry Earnings and Human Capital Growth: Evidence from 1960-1980 Censuses”. Research in Labor Economics; #16, pp. 297-317.

 

-H.O. Duleep and M. Regets (1997). “Projecting Immigrant Earnings: The Significance of Country of Origin”. Social Security Bulletin; V.61-#4, pp. 32-44.

 

-R. Schoeni (1997). “New Evidence on the Economic Progress of Foreign-born Men in the 1970s and 1980s”. Journal of Human Resources; V.32-#4, pp. 683-740.

 

-S. Trejo (1997). “Why Do Mexican Americans Earn Low Wages?”. JPE; V.105-#6, pp. 1235-1268.

 

-M. Fix and J. Passel (1997). Immigration and Immigrants: Setting the Record Straight. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute.

 

-R. and O. Westerlund (1998). “A panel study of migration, self-selection and household real income”. Journal of Population Economics; V.11-#1, pp. 113-126.

 

-G. Jasso, D. Massey, M. Rosenzweig, and J. Smith (2000). “The New Immigrant Survey Pilot (NIS-P): Overview and New Findings About U.S. Legal Immigrants at Admission”. Demography, V.37-#1, pp. 127-136.

 

-G. Jasso, M. Rosenzweig, and J. Smith (2000). “The Changing Skill of New Immigrants to the United States: Recent Trends and Their Determinants “. in G. Borjas, ed. Issues in the Economics of Immigration. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp.

 

G. Borjas (2000). “The Economic Progress of Immigrants”. in G. Borjas, ed. Issues in the Economics of Immigration. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp.

 

-E. Funkhauser (2000). “Convergence in Employment Rates of Immigrants “. in G. Borjas, ed. Issues in the Economics of Immigration. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp.

 

-R. Friedberg (2000). “You Can’t Take it With You? Immigrant Assimilation and the Portability of Human Capital”. Journal of Labor Economics, V.18-#2, pp. 221-251.

 

-Hu, Wei-Yin (2000). “Immigrant Earnings Assimilation: Estimates from Longitudinal Data”. AER; V.90-#2, pp. 368-372.

 

-K. Butcher and J. DiNardo (1998). “The Immigrant and Native Born Wage Distribution: Evidence from United States Censuses”. NBER Working Paper, #6630.

 

-S. Trejo (1998). “Immigrant Participation in Low-Wage Labor Markets”. University of California, Santa Barbara, Working Papers in Economics; #98/27.

 

-D. Bloom and M. Gunderson (1991). “An Analysis of the Earnings of Canadian Immigrants”. in J. Abowd and R. Freeman, eds. Immigration, Trade and the Labor Market. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 321-342.

 

-D. Bloom, G. Grenier, and M. Gunderson (1995). “The Changing Labour Market Position of Canadian Immigrants”. Canadian Journal of Economics; V.28-#4b, pp. 987-1005.

 

-M. Baker and D. Benjamin (1994). “The Performance of Immigrants in the Canadian Labor Market”. Journal of Labor Economics; V.12-#?, pp. 369-405.

 

-D. Green (1999). “Immigrant Occupational Attainment: Assimilation and Mobility over Time”. Journal of Labor Economics; V.17-#1, pp. 49-79.

 

-J. Heckman (1979). Sample Selection Bias as Specification Error”. Econometrica; V.47-#1, pp. 153-162. [comment by W. Greene, Greene, V.49-#3, pp. 795-798].

 

-C. Manski (1989). “Anatomy of the Selection Problem”. Journal of Human Resources; V.24-#3, pp. 343-360.

 

-F. Vella (1998). “Estimating Models with Sample Selection Bias: A Survey”. Journal of Human Resources; V.33-#1, pp. 127-169.

 

-R. Raijman and M. Tienda. (1999). “Immigrants Socioeconomic Progress Post-1965: Forging Mobility or Survival?”. in C. Hirschman, J. DeWind and P.Kasinitz, eds. International Migration and the Remaking of America. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, pp. 239-256.

 

-Yoram Weiss (2000) “High skill immigration: some lessons from Israel”. Swedish Economic Policy Review; V.7-#2, pp.

 

-Per-Anders Edin, Robert J. LaLonde and Olof Åslund (2000) “Emigration of immigrants and measures of immigrant assimilation: Evidence from Sweden”. Swedish Economic Policy Review; V.7-#2, pp.

 

-Christian Dustmann (2000) “Temporary migration and economic assimilation”. Swedish Economic Policy Review; V.7-#2, pp.

b) Language and Labor Market Performance

 

-G. Grenier (1984). “The Effects of Language Characteristics on the Wages of Hispanic American Males”. Journal of Human Resources; V.19-#1, pp. 35-52.

 

-M. Tienda and L. Neidert (1984). “Language, Education, and the Socioeconomic Achievement of Hispanic Origin Men”. Social Science Quarterly; V.65-#2, pp. 519-536.

 

-W. McManus, W. Gould and Finis Welch (1983). “Earnings of Hispanic Men: The Role of Language Proficiency”. Journal of Labor Economics; V.1-#?, pp. 101-130.

 

-W. McManus (1985). “Labor Market Costs of Language Disparity: An Interpretation of Hispanic Earnings Differences”. American Economic Review; V.75-#4, pp. 818-827.

 

-W. McManus (1985). “Labor Market Assimilation of Immigrants: The Importance of Language Skills”. Contemporary Policy Issues; V.3-#3/Part I., 77-89.

 

-K. Lang (1988). “A Language Theory of Discrimination”. QJE; V.101-#2, pp. 363-382.

 

-E. Tainer (1988). “English Language Proficiency and Earnings among Foreign-born Men”. Journal of Human Resources; V.23-#1, pp. 108-122.

 

-S. Kossoudji (1988). “English Language Ability and the Labor Market Opportunities of Hispanic and East Asian Immigrant Men”. Journal of Labor Economics; V.6-#2, pp. 205-228.

 

-G. Jasso and M. Rosenzweig (1980). “Language Skill Acquisition, Labor Markets and Locational Choice: The Foreign-Born in the United States, 1900 and 1980". in J. van Dijk, et al., eds.. Migration and Labor Market Adjustment. Dordrecht; London: Kluwer Academic, pp. 217-239.

 

-F.L. Rivera-Batiz (1990). “English Language Proficiency and the Economic Progress of Immigrants”. EcLets; V.34-#3, pp. 295-300.

 

-B. Chiswick and P. Miller (1992). “Language in the Immigrant Labor Market”. in B. Chiswick, ed. Immigration, Language and Ethnicity: Canada and the United States. Washington, DC: AEI, pp. 229-296.

 

-B. Chiswick and P. Miller (1994). “Language Choice among Immigrants in a Multi-lingual Destination”. Journal of Population Economics; V.7-#2, pp. 119-131.

 

-B. Chiswick and P. Miller (1995). “The Endogeneity between Language and Earnings: International Analysis”. Journal of Labor Economics; V.13-#2, pp. 246-288.

 

-B. Chiswick and P. Miller (1995). “Ethnic Networks and Language Proficiency among Immigrants”. Journal of Population Economics; V.9-#1, pp. 19-35.

 

-B. Chiswick and P. Miller (1995). “Language Skills and Earnings among Legalized Aliens”. Journal of Population Economics; V.12-#1, pp. 63-89.

 

-B. Chiswick and P. Miller (1995). “Immigration, Language and Multiculturalism in Australia”. Australian Economic Review; V.32-#4, pp. 369-385.

 

-G. Carliner (1996). “The Wages and Language Skills of US Immigrants”. NBER Working Paper, #5763.

 

-F.L. Rivera-Batiz (1996). “English Language Proficiency, Quantitative Skills, and the Economic Progress of Immigrants”. in H. Duleep and P.V. Wunnava, eds. Immigrants and immigration policy: Individual skills, Family Ties, and Group Identities. (Contemporary Studies in Economic and Financial Analysis, vol. 79.). Greenwich: JAI Press, 1996, pp. 57-77.

 

-A. Portes and R. Schauffler (1996). “Language and the Second Generation: Bilingualism Yesterday and Today”. in A. Portes, ed. The new second generation. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1996, pp. 8-29.

 

-D. Bloom and G. Grenier (1996). “Language, Employment, and Earnings in the United States: Spanish-English Differentials from 1970 to 1990". in F. Grin, ed. Economic Approaches to Language and Language Planning. (International Journal of the Sociology of Language, no. 121.) Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 1996, pp. 45-68.

 

-M. White and G. Kaufman (1997). “Language Usage, Social Capital, and School Completion among Immigrants and Native-Born Ethnic Groups”. Social Science Quarterly; V.78-#2, pp. 385-398.

 

-B. Chiswick and P. Miller (1998). “English Language Fluency Among Immigrants in the United States”. Research in Labor Economics; V.17, pp. 151-200.

 

-D. Bellante and C. Kogut (1998). “Language Ability, US Labor Market Experience and the Earnings of Immigrants”. International Journal of Manpower; V.19-#5, pp. 319-330.

 

-C. Dustmann (1999). “Temporary Migration, Human Capital, and Language Fluency of Migrants”. Scandinavian Journal of Economics; V.101-#2, pp. 297-314.

 

c) Community and Neighborhood Effects

 

-C. Jencks and S. Meyer (1990). “The Social Consequences of Growing up in a Poor Neighborhood: A Review”. in L. Lynn and M. McGeary, eds. City Poverty in the United States. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, pp. 111-186.

 

-W. McManus (1990). “Labor Market Effects of Language Enclaves: Hispanic Men in the United States”. Journal of Human Resources; V.25-#2, pp. 228-252.

 

-A. Case and L. Katz (1991). “The Company You Keep: The Effects of Family and Neighborhood on Disadvantaged Youths”. NBER Working Paper, #3705 .

 

-D. Massey and N. Denton (1993). American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

 

-G. Borjas (1995). “Ethnicity, Neighborhoods, and Human-Capital Externalities”. AER; V.85-#3, pp. 365-390.

 

-S. Durlauf (1996). “Neighborhood Feedbacks, Endogenous Stratification, and Income Inequality”. in W. Barnett, G. Gandolfo, and C. Hillinger, eds. Dynamic Disequilibrium Modeling: Theory and Applications. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 505-534.

 

-I.G. Ellen and M.A. Turner (1997). “Does Neighborhood Matter? Assessing Recent Evidence”. Housing Policy Debate; V.8-#4, pp. 833-866

 

-F. Bean, J. Van Hook, and M. Fossett (1999). “Immigration, Spatial and Economic Change and African American Employment”. in F. Bean and S. Bell-Rose, eds. Immigration and Opportunity. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, pp. 31-63.

 

-F. Wilson (1999). “Ethnic Concentrations and Labor-Market Opportunities”. in F. Bean and S. Bell-Rose, eds. Immigration and Opportunity. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, pp. 106-140..

 

-G. Galster, K. Metzger, and R. Waite (1999). “Neighborhood Opportunity Structures and Immigrants' Socioeconomic Advancement”. Journal of Housing Research; V.10-#1, pp. 95-127.

 

-G. Galster, K. Metzger, and R. Waite (1999). “Neighborhood Opportunity Structures of Immigrant Populations, 1980 and 1900". Housing Policy Debate; V.10-#2, pp. 395-442.

 

-M. Tienda (1999). “Immigration, Opportunity and Social Cohesion”. in N.J. Smelser and J.C. Alexander (eds.) Diversity and Its Discontents: Cultural Conflict and Common Ground in Contemporary American Society. Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp. 129-146.

 

-R. Plotnick and S. Hoffman (1999). “The Effect of Neighborhood Characteristics on Young Adult Outcomes: Alternative Estimates”. Social Science Quarterly; V.80-#1, pp. 1-18.

 

George J. Borjas (2000) “Ethnic enclaves and assimilation”. Swedish Economic Policy Review; V.7-#2, pp.

 

-C. Manski (1993). “Identification of Endogenous Social Effects: The Reflection Problem”. REStud; V.60-#3, pp. 531-542.

 

(b) Intergenerational Assimilation of Immigrants

 

-B. Chiswick (1977). “Sons of Immigrants: Are They at an Earnings Disadvantage?”. AER; V.67-#?, pp. 376-380.

 

-G. Carliner (1980). “Wages, Earnings, and Hours of Work of First, Second, and Third Generation American Males”. EcInq; V.18-#?, pp. 87-102.

 

-T. Sowell (1983). Ethnic America. New York: Basic Books.

 

-R. LaLonde and R. Topel (1992). “The Assimilation of Immigrants in the US Labor Market”. In G. Borjas and R. Freeman, eds. Immigration and the Work Force. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 67-92.

 

-G. Borjas (1992). “Ethnic Capital and Intergenerational Mobility”. QJE; V.107-#1, pp. 123-150.

 

-G. Borjas (1993). “The Intergenerational Mobility of Immigrants”. JLabE; V.11-#1, part 1, pp. 113-135.

 

-G. Borjas (1994). “Long-Run Convergence of Ethnic Skill Differentials: The Children and Grandchildren of the Great migration”. ILR Review; V.47-#4, pp. 553-573.

 

-G. Borjas (1995). “Ethnicity, Neighborhoods, and Human Capital Externalities”. AER; V.85-#3, pp. 365-390.

 

-D. Card, J. DiNardo, and E. Estes (2000). “The More Things Change: Immigrants and Children of Immigrants in the 1940s, the 1970s and the 1990s”. in G. Borjas, ed. Issues in the Economics of Immigration. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp.

 

-J. Perlmann and R. Waldinger (1997). “Second Generation Decline? Children of Immigrants, Past and Present–A Reconsideration”. International Migration Review; V.31-#4, pp. 893-922.

 

-S. Trejo (1998). “Intergenerational Progress of Mexican-Origin Workers in the U.S. Labor Market”. University of California, Santa Barbara, Working Paper in Economics; # 98/16.

 

e. Migration and Growth

 

(1) Mostly Theoretical

 

-O. Galor (1986). “Time Preference and International Labor Migration”. JET; V.38-#1, pp. 1-20.

 

-O. Galor and O. Stark (1991). “The Impact of Differences in Levels of Technology on International Migration”. Journal of Population Economics; V.4-#1, pp. 1-12.

 

-S. Djajic (1989). “Skills and the Pattern of Migration: The Role of Qualitative and Quantitative Restrictions on International Labor Mobility”. IER; V.30-#4, pp. 795-809.

 

-M. Kemp and H. Kondo (1989). “An Analysis of International Migration: The Unilateral Case”. in K. Zimmerman, ed. Economic Theory of Optimal Population. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 153-165.

 

-H. Kondo (1989). “International Factor Mobility and Production Technology”. Journal of Population Economics; V.2-#?, pp. 281-299.

 

-R. Kochar (1992). “International Labor Migration and Domestic Labor Supply”. Journal of Population Economics; V.5-#?, pp. 113-134.

 

-O. Galor (1992). “The Choice of Factor Mobility in a Dynamic World”. Journal of Population Economics; V.5-#?, pp. 135-144.

 

-O. Galor and O. Stark (1994). “Migration, Human Capital Formation and Long-run Output”. In H. Siebert, ed. Migration: A Challenge for Europe. Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr, pp. 59-68.

 

-C. Karayalcin (1994). “Temporary and Permanent Migration with and without and Immobile Factor”. JDevE; V.43-#?, pp. 197-215.

 

-V. Meier (1994). “Long-run Migration Incentives and Migration Effects: the Case of Different Fertility Rates”. Jahrbuch für Nationalökonomie, V213-#3, pp. 321-338.

 

-G. Steinmann (1994). “The Effects of Immigrants on the Income of Natives”. in Gunter Steinmann and Ralf Ulrich, eds., The Economics of Immigration in Germany. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 45-59.

 

-W. Robinson (1993). “Labor Composition and Long-Run Employment in a Minimum-Wage Economy”. Journal of Economics and Finance; V.17-#2, pp. 119-30.

 

-K.-L. Shea and A. Woodfield (1996). “Optimal Immigration, Education, and Growth in the Long Run”. JIE; V.40-#3/4, pp. 495-506.

 

-W. Carrington, E. Detragiache, and T. Vishwanath (1996). “Migration with Endogenous Moving Costs”. American Economic Review; V.86-#4, pp. 909-930.

 

-H. Clarke (1994). “The Welfare Effects of Labour Force Growth with Internationally Mobile Capital”. Journal of Population Economics; V.7-#1, pp. 79-98.

 

-Clarke, Harry (1996). “Stubbornly Persistent Factor Migrations with Rapid International Economic Convergence”. Australian Economic Papers; V.35-#67, pp. 236-249.

 

-Clarke, Harry (1997). “International Labour Migrations and the Pseudoconvergence of National Living Standards”. Economic Record; V.73-#221, pp. 120-124.

 

-V. Meier and A. Wenig (1997). “Welfare Implications of International Labor Migration”. Zeitschrift fur Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften; V.117-#4, pp. 505-524.

 

-R. Milbourne (1997). Growth, Capital Accumulation and Foreign Debt”. Economica; V.64-#2, pp. 1-13.

 

-M. Burda and C. Wyplosz (1992). “Human Capital, Investment and Migration in an Integrated Europe”. EER; V.36-#?, pp. 677-684.

 

-R. Faini (1996). “Increasing Returns, Migrations and Convergence”. JDevE; V.49-#?, pp. 121-136. [Comment by W. Gillen and A. Guccione, with response, (2000), V.61-#?, pp. 553-561.]

 

-R. Baldwin and A. Venables (1994). “International Migration, Capital Mobility and Transitional Dynamics”. Economica; V.61-#?, pp. 285-300.

 

-Premer, Matthias and Uwe Walz (1994). “Divergent Regional Development, Factor Mobility, and Nontraded Goods”. Regional Science and Urban Economics; V.24-#6, pp. 707-722.

 

-E. Brezis and P. Krugman (1996). “Immigration, Investment, and Real Wages”. Journal of Population Economics; V.9-#1, pp. 83-93.

 

-P. Reichlin and A. Rustichini (1998). “Diverging Patterns in a Two Country Model with Labor Migration”. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control; V.22-#?, pp. 703-728.

 

-J. Durkin (1998). “Immigration, Assimilation and Growth”. Journal of Population Economics; V.11-#2, pp. 273-291.

 

-N. Haque, and S.-J. Kim (1995). “‘Human Capital Flight’: Impact of Migration on Income and Growth”. IMF Staff Papers; V.42-#3, pp. 577-607.

 

-K.-y. Wong (1997). “Endogenous Growth and International Labor Migration: The Case of a Small Emigration Economy”. in B. Jensen and K.-y. Wong, eds. Dynamics, Economic Growth and International Trade. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp. 289-336.

 

(2) Mostly Empirical

 

-S. Kuznets (1958). “Long Swings in the Growth of Population and Related Variables”. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society; V.102-#?, pp. 25-52.

 

-B. Thomas (1973). Migration and Economic Growth: A Study of Great Britain and the Atlantic Economy (2nd ed.). Cambridge: CUP.

 

-A.N.E. Jolley (1971). “Immigration and Australia's Post-war Economic Growth”. Economic Record; V.47-#117, pp. 47-59.

 

-L. Neal and P. Uselding (1972). “Immigration, A Neglected Source of American Economic Growth: 1790-1912". Oxford Economic Papers; V.24-#1, pp. 68-88.

 

-J. Dolado, A. Goria, and A. Ichino (1994). “Immigration, Human Capital and Growth in the Host Country: Evidence from Pooled Country Data”. Journal of Population Economics; V.7-#2, pp. 193-215.

 

-H. van Dalen (1993). “International Migration, Economic Policy and Human Capital Accumulation: A Simulation Study”. Economic Modelling; V.10-#4, pp. 417-429.

 

-Z. Hercowitz, N. Kantor, and L. Meridor (1997). “Immigration and Growth under Imperfect Capital Mobility: The Case of Israel”. Bank of Israel Economic Review; #70, pp. 26-42.

 

-S. Hercowitz, Y. Lavi, and R. Melnick (1999). “The Impact of Macroeconomic Factors on Productivity in Israel, 1960-96". Bank of Israel Economic Review; #72, pp. 103-124.

 

-P. Cashin and N. Loayza (1995). “Paradise Lost? Growth, Convergence and Migration in the South Pacific”. IMFSP; V.42-#3, pp. 608-641.

 

-A. Taylor (1996). “Growth and Convergence in the Asia-Pacific Region: The Role of Openness, Trade and Migration”. in P.J. Lloyd and L. Smith, eds. International Trade and Migration in the APEC Region. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, pp. 175-194.

 

-P. Afxentiou and A. Serletis (1997). “Convergence and Labour Mobility in the European Union”. Economic Notes; V.26-#1, pp. 11-34.

 

-A. Taylor (1992). “External Dependence, Demographic Burdens, and Argentine Economic Decline after the Belle Epoque”. Journal of Economic History; V.52-#4, pp. 907-936.

 

-T. Bartik (1993). “Who Benefits from Local Job Growth: Migrants or the Original Residents?”. Regional Studies; V.27-#4, pp. 297-311.

 

f. Other Effects of Immigration

 

(1) Effect of Immigration on Spatial Distribution of Population

 

(a) Overviews

 

-M. White, A. Biddlecom, and S. Guo (1993). “Immigration, Naturalization, and Residential Assimilation Among Asian Americans in 1980". Social Forces; V.72-#1, pp. 93-117.

 

-W. Frey and R. Farley (1996). “Latino, Asian, and Black Segregation in U.S. Metropolitan Areas: Are Multiethnic Metros Different?”. Demography; V.33-#1, pp. 35-50.

 

-J. Zax (1998). “Immigration, Race, and Space”. in D. Hammermesh and F. Bean, eds. Help or Hindrance? The Economic Implications of Immigration for African Americans. New York: Rullell Sage Foundation, pp. 222-252.

 

-M. White and J. Glick (1999). “The Impact of Immigration on Residential Segregation”. in F. Bean and S. Bell-Rose, eds. Immigration and Opportunity. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, pp. 345-372.

 

-M. Greenwood (1997). “Internal Migration in Developed Countries”. Chapter 12 in M. Rosenzweig and O. Stark, eds. Handbook of Population and Family Economics. Vol. 1B, Amsterdam: North Holland, pp. 647-720.

 

-R.E.B. Lucas (1997). “Internal Migration in Developing Countries”. Chapter 13 in M. Rosenzweig and O. Stark, eds. Handbook of Population and Family Economics. Vol. 1B, Amsterdam: North Holland, pp. 721-798.

 

(b) Immigrants and Migratory Behavior of Domestic Workers

 

-R. Filer (1992). “The Effect of Immigrant Arrivals on Migratory Patterns of Native Workers”. in G. Borjas and R. Freeman, eds. Immigration and the Work Force. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 245-269.

 

-R. Walker, M. Ellis, and R. Barff (1992). “Linked Migration Systems: Immigration and Internal Labor Flows in the US”. Economic Geography; V.68-#?, pp. 234-248.

 

-M. White and Y. Imai (1994). “The Impact of U.S. Immigration on Internal Migration”. Population and the Environment; v.15-#3, pp. 189-209.

 

-W. Frey (1995). “Immigration and Internal Migration ‘Flight’ from U.S. Metropolitan Areas: Toward a New Demographic Balkanisation”. Urban Studies; V.32-#4/5, pp. 733-757.

 

-W. Frey (1995). “Immigration and Internal Migration ‘Flight’: A California Case Study”. Population and Environment; V.16-#4, pp. 353-375.

 

-W. Frey (1995). “Immigration Impacts on Internal Migration of the Poor: 1990 Census Evidence for US States”. International Journal of Population Geography; V.1-#?, pp. 51-67.

 

-W. Frey (1996). “Immigration, Domestic Migration, and Demographic Balkanization in America: New Evidence for the 1990s”. Population and Development Review; V.22-#4, pp. 741-763.

 

-W. Frey and K.L. Liaw (1998). “The Impact of Recent Immigration on Population Redistribution within the United States”. in J. Smith and B. Edmonston, eds. The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, pp. 388-448.

 

-R. Wright, M. Ellis, and M. Reibel (1997). “The Linkage between Immigration and Internal Migration in Large Metropolitan Areas in the US”. Economic Geography; V.73-#2, pp. 234-254.

 

-R. Pedace (1998). “The Impact of Immigration on the Labor Market for Native-Born Workers: Incorporating the Dynamics of Internal Migration”. Eastern Economic Journal; V.24-#4, pp. 449-462.

 

-D. Card (2001). “Immigrant Inflows, Native Outflows, and the Local Labor Market Impacts of Higher Immigration”. Journal of Labor Economics; V.19-#1, pp. 22-64.

 

-D. Card and J. DiNardo (2000). “Do Immigrant Inflows Lead to Native Outflows?”. AER, V.90-#2, pp. 360-367.

 

-M. White and P. Mueser (1988). “Implications of Boundary Choice for the Measurement of Residential Mobility”. Demography; V.25-#3, pp. 443-459.

 

(c) Internal Migration of Migrants

 

-A. Bartel (1989). “Where Do the New US Immigrants Live?”. JLabE; V.7-#4, pp. 371-391.

 

-A. Bartel and M. Koch (1991). “Internal Migration of U.S. Immigrants”. in J. Abowd and R. Freeman, eds. Immigration, Trade, and Labor Markets. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 121-134.

 

-A. Belanger and A. Rogers (1992). “The Internal Migration and Spatial Redistribution of the Foreign-born Population in the U.S.: 1965-1970 to 1975-1980". International Migration Review; V.26-#4, pp. 1342-1369.

 

-K. Neuman and M. Tienda (1994). “The Settlement and Secondary Migration Patterns of Legalized Immigrants: Insights from Administrative Records”. in B. Edmonston and J. Passel, eds. Immigration and Ethnicity. Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press, pp. 187-226.

 

-M. Kritz and J. Nogle (1994). “Nativity Concentration and Internal Migration among the Foreign Born”. Demography; V.31-#?, pp. 509-524.

 

-J. Nogle (1994). “Internal Migration for Recent Immigrants to Canada”. International Migration Review; V.28-#1, pp. 31-48.

 

-M. Zavodny (1999). “Determinants of Recent Immigrants’ Locational Choices”. International Migration Review; V.33-#4, pp. 1014-1030.

 

-K.B. Newbold (1999). “Spatial Distribution and Redistribution of Immigrants in the Metropolitan United States, 1980 and 1990". Economic Geography; V.75-#3, pp. 254-271.

 

-D. Gurak and M. Kritz (2000). “The Interstate Migration of U.S. Immigrants: Individual and Contextual Determinants”. Social Forces; V.78-#3, pp. 1017-1039.

 

(2) Effect of Immigration on Educational Attainment: Natives and Immigrants

 

-J. Betts (1998). “Educational Crowding Out: Do Immigrants Affect the Educational Attainment of American Minorities?”. in D. Hammermesh and F. Bean, eds. Help or Hindrance? The Economic Implications of Immigration for African Americans. New York: Rullell Sage Foundation, pp. 253-281.

 

-C. Hoxby (1998). “Do Immigrants Crowd Disadvantaged American Natives out of Higher Education”. in D. Hammermesh and F. Bean, eds. Help or Hindrance? The Economic Implications of Immigration for African Americans. New York: Rullell Sage Foundation, pp. 282-321.

 

-J. Betts and M. Lofstrom (2000). “The Educational Attainment of Immigrants: Trends and Implications”. in G. Borjas, ed. Issues in the Economics of Immigration. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp.

 

(3) Immigration and Crime

 

-J. Tanton and W. Lutton (1993). “Immigration and Criminality”. Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies; V.18-#2, pp. 217-237.

 

-K. Butcher and A. Piehl (1998). “Recent Immigrants: Unexpected Implications for Crime and Incarceration”. ILR Review; V.51-#4, pp. 654-679.

 

-K. Butcher and A. Piehl (1998). “Cross-City Evidence on the Relationship between Immigration and Crime”. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management; V.17-#3, pp. 457-493.

 

-J. Grogger (1998). “Immigration and Crime Among Young Black Men: Evidence from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth”. in D. Hammermesh and F. Bean, eds. Help or Hindrance? The Economic Implications of Immigration for African Americans. New York: Rullell Sage Foundation, pp. 322-341.

 

-J. Hagan and A. Palloni (1998). “Immigration and Crime in the United States”. in J. Smith and B. Edmonston, eds. The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, pp. 367-387.

 

-K. Butcher and A. Piehl (2000). “The Role of Deportation in the Incarceration of Immigrants”. in G. Borjas, ed. Issues in the Economics of Immigration. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp.

 

(4) Immigration and Cultural Assimilation

 

-R. Park (1928). “Human Migration and the Marginal Man”. American Journal of Sociology; V.33-#6, pp. 881-893.

 

-O. Handlin (1951). The Uprooted: The Epic Story of the Great Migrations That Made the American People. Boston: Little, Brown.

 

-N. Glazer and D.P. Moynihan (1963). Beyond the Melting Pot: The Negroes, Puerto Ricans, Jews, Italians, and Irish of New York City. Cambridge: MIT Press.

 

-M. Tienda (1980). “Familism and Structural Assimilation of Mexican Immigrants in the US”. International Migration Review; V.14-#?, pp. 383-408.

 

-D. Massey (1981). “Dimensions of the New Immigration to the United States and the Prospects for Assimilation”. Annual Review of Sociology; V.7, pp. 57-85.

 

-C. Nelson and M. Tienda (1985). “The Structuring of Hispanic Ethnicity: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives”. Ethnic and Racial Studies; V.8-#1, pp. 49-74.

 

-A. Bach and R. Portes (1985). Latin Journey: Cuban and Mexican Immigrants in the United States. Berkeley: University of California Press.

 

-C. Tilly (1990). “Transplanted Networks”. in V. Yans-McLaughlin, ed. Immigration Reconsidered: History, Sociology, and Politics. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 79-95.

 

-K. Miller (1990). “Class, Culture, and Immigrant Group Identity in the United States: The Case of Irish-American Ethnicity”. in V. Yans-McLaughlin, ed. Immigration Reconsidered: History, Sociology, and Politics. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 96-129.

 

-A. Portes (1990). “From South of the Border: Hispanic Minorities in the United States”. in V. Yans-McLaughlin, ed. Immigration Reconsidered: History, Sociology, and Politics. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 160-184.

 

-E. Morawska (1990). “The Sociology and Historiography of Immigration”. in V. Yans-McLaughlin, ed. Immigration Reconsidered: History, Sociology, and Politics. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 187-238.

 

-R. Alba (1990). Ethnic Identity: The Transformation of White America. New Haven: Yale University Press.

 

-M. Yinger (1994). Ethnicity: Source of Strength? Source of Conflict? Albany: SUNY Press.

 

-N. Ignatiev (1995). How the Irish Became White. New York: Routledge.

 

-E. Morawska (1994). “In Defense of the Assimilation Model”. Journal of American Ethnic History; V.13-#2, pp. 76-87.

 

-M. Zhou and C. Bankston, III (1994). “Social Capital and the Adaptation of the Second Generation: The Case of Vietnamese Youth in New Orleans”. International Migration Review; V.28-#4, pp. 775-799.

 

-R. Kazal (1995). “Revisiting Assimilation: The Rise, Fall, and Reappraisal of a Concept in American Ethnic History”. American Historical Review; V.100-#2, pp. 437-471.

 

-A. Portes and R. Rumbaut (1996). Immigrant America: A Portrait. Berkeley: University of California Press.

 

-R. Alba and V. Nee (1997). “Rethinking Assimilation Theory for a New Era of Immigration”. International Migration Review; V.31-#4, pp. 826-874.

 

-H. Gans (1997). “Toward a Reconciliation of ‘Assimilation’ and ‘Pluralism’: The Interplay of Acculturation and Ethnic Retention”. International Migration Review; V.31-#4, pp. 875-892.

 

-R. Rumbaut (1997). “Assimilation and Its Discontents: Between Rhetoric and Reality”. International Migration Review; V.31-#4, pp. 923-960.

 

-N. Foner (1997). “The Immigrant Family: Cultural Legacies and Cultural Change”. International Migration Review; V.31-#4, pp. 961-974.

 

-M. Zhou (1997). “Segmented Assimilation: Issues, Controversies, and Recent Research on the New Second Generation”. International Migration Review; V.31-#4, pp. 975-1008.

 

-J. Johnson, W. Farrell, and C. Guinn (1997). “Immigration Reform and the Browning of America: Tensions, Conflicts and Community Instability in Metropolitan Los Angeles”. International Migration Review; V.31-#4, pp. 1055-1095.

 

-J. DeWind and P. Kasinitz (1997). “Everthing Old is New Again? Processes and Theories of Immigrant Incorporation”. International Migration Review; V.31-#4, pp. 1096-1111.

 

-J. Morenoff and M. Tienda (1997). “Underclass Neighborhoods in Temporal and Ecological Perspective: An Illustration from Chicago”. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science; #551. pp. 59-72.

 

-K. Temkin and W. Rohe (1998). “Social Capital and Neighborhood Stability: An Empirical Investigation”. Housing Policy Debate; V.9-#1, pp. 61-88.

 

-G. Borjas (1998). “To Ghetto or Not to Ghetto?: Ethnicity and Residential Segregation”. Journal of Urban Economics; V.44-#?, pp. 228-253.

 

-E. Lazear (1999). “Culture and Language”. JPE; V.107-#6, part 2, pp. s.95-s.126.

 

-E. Lazear (2000). “Diversity and Immigration “. in G. Borjas, ed. Issues in the Economics of Immigration. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp.

 

-W. Kandel and G. Kao (2000). “Shifting Orientations: How U.S. Labor Migration Affects Children’s Aspirations in Mexican Migrant Communities”. Social Science Quarterly, V.81-#1, pp. 16-32.

 

(5) Diversity, Multiculturalism, and Social Stability

 

Van Gunsteren, Herman (1988). “Admission to Citizenship”. Ethics; V.98-#4, pp. 731-741.

 

Habermas, Jürgen (1990). “Citizenship and National Identity”. Appendix II in (1996) Between Facts and Norms: Contributions to a Discourse Theory of Law and Democracy. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 491-515

 

Taylor, Charles (1994). “The Politics of Recognition”. in Amy Gutmann, ed. Multiculturalism. Princeton: PUP, pp. 25-73. [Comments by Susan Wolf, Steven Rockefeller, and Michael Walzer follow, pp. 75-103.]

 

Habermas, Jürgen (1994). “Struggles for Recognition in the Democratic Constitutional State”. in Amy Gutmann, ed. Multiculturalism. Princeton: PUP, pp. 107-148. [also Cptr. 8 in Habermas (1998). The Inclusion of the Other: Studies in Political Theory. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 203-236.]

 

Appiah, K. Anthony (1994). “Identity, Authenticity, Survival: Multicultural Societies and Social Reproduction”. in Amy Gutmann, ed. Multiculturalism. Princeton: PUP, pp. 149-163.

 

Faist, Thomas (1994). “Immigration, Integration, and the Ethnicization of Politics: A Review of the German Literature”. European Journal of Political Research; V.25-#?, pp. 439-459.

 

Bauböck, Rainer (1994). Transnational Citizenship: Membership and Rights in International Migration. Aldershot: Edward Elgar.

 

Bauböck, Rainer (1996). “Cultural Minority Rights for Immigrants”. International Migration Review; V.30-#1, pp. 203-250.

 

Bauböck, Rainer (1996). “Social and Cultural Integration in a Civil Society”. in Rainer Bauböck, Agnes Heller, and Aristide Zolberg, eds. The Challenge of Diversity: Integration and Pluralism in Societies of Immigration. Aldershot: Avebury/European Centre Vienna, pp. 67-131.

 

-A. Heller (1996). “The Many Faces of Multiculturalism”. in Rainer Bauböck, Agnes Heller, and Aristide Zolberg, eds. The Challenge of Diversity: Integration and Pluralism in Societies of Immigration. Aldershot: Avebury/European Centre Vienna, pp. 25-41.

 

-Zolberg, Aristide (1996). “Immigration and Multiculturalism in the Industrial Democracies”. in Rainer Bauböck, Agnes Heller, and Aristide Zolberg, eds. The Challenge of Diversity: Integration and Pluralism in Societies of Immigration. Aldershot: Avebury/European Centre Vienna, pp. 43-65.

 

-Ben-Rafael, Wliezer (1996). “Multiculturalism in Sociological Perspective”. in Rainer Bauböck, Agnes Heller, and Aristide Zolberg, eds. The Challenge of Diversity: Integration and Pluralism in Societies of Immigration. Aldershot: Avebury/European Centre Vienna, pp. 133-154.

 

Joppke, Christian and Steven Lukes, eds. (1999). Multicultural Questions. New York: Oxford University Press.

 

g. Public Policy and Migration

 

(1) Effects of Immigration Policy

 

(a) Mainly US

 

-E. Abrams and F. Abrams (1975). “Immigration Policy: Who Gets in and Why”. Public Interest; V.38-#?, pp. 3-29.

 

-I.R.H. Rockett (1976). “Immigration Legislation and the Flow of Specialized Human Capital from South America to the United States”. International Migration Review; V.19-#?, pp. 47-61.

 

-B. Chiswick (1978). “Immigration Policy, Source Countries, and Immigrant Skills”. In L. Baker and P. Miller, eds. The Economics of Immigration. Canberra: Australian Government Printing Service, pp. 163-206.

 

-B. Chiswick (1978). “Immigrants and Immigration Policy”. in W. Fellner, ed. Contemporary Economic Problems. Washington, DC: AEI.

 

-G. Jasso and M. Rosenzweig (1986). “Family Reunification and the Immigration Multiplier: U.S. Immigration Law, Orign-Country Conditions, and the Reproduction of Immigrants”. Demography; V.23-#?, pp. 291-312.

 

-K. Donato (1994). “U.S. Policy and Mexican Migration to the US, 1942-1992". Social Science Quarterly; V.75-#4, pp. 705-729.

 

-G. Jasso and M. Rosenzweig (1995). “Do Immigrants Screened for Skills Do Better Than Family Reunification Immigrants”. International Migration Review; V.29-#2, pp. 85-111.

 

-H.O. Duleep and M. Regets (1994). “Some Evidence on the Effect of Admission Criteria on Immigrant Assimilation”. in B. Chiswick, ed. Immigration. Language, and Ethnic Issues: Canada and the United States. Washington, DC: AEI, pp. 410-439.

 

-H. Duleep and M. Regets (1996). “Admission Criteria and Immigrant Earnings Profiles”. International Migration Review; V.30-#2, pp. 571-590.

 

-R. Freeman (1993). “Immigration from Poor to Wealthy Countries: Experience of the US”. EER; V.37-#?, pp. 443-451.

 

-G. Bucci and R. Tenorio (1997). “Immigrant-Native Wage Differentials and Immigration Reform”. Review of Development Economics; V.1-#3, pp. 305-323.

 

-A. Barrett (1996). “The Greencard Lottery Winners: Are They More or Less Skilled Than Other Immigrants?”. Economics Letters; V.52-#3, pp. 331-335.

 

-B.L. Lindsay, J. Teachman, and J Zhongren (1995). “Unintended consequences of immigration reform: Discrimination and Hispanic employment”. Demography; V.32-#4, pp. 671-629.

 

-T. Espenshade, J. Baraka, and G. Huber (1997). “Implications of the 1996 Welfare and Immigration Reform Acts for US Immigration”. Population and Development Review; V.23-#4, pp. 769-801.

 

-A. Barrett (1998). “The Effect of Immigrant Admission Criteria on Immigrant Labour-Market Characteristics”. Population Research and Policy Review; V.17-#5, pp. 439-456.

 

-S. Cummings and T. Lambert (1998). “Immigration Restrictions and the American Worker: An Examination of Competing Interpretations”. Population Research and Policy Review; V.17-#6, pp. 497-520.

 

-D. Cobb-Clark (1998). “Incorporating U.S. Policy into a Model of the Immigration Decision”. Journal of Policy Modeling; V.20-#5, pp. 621-630.

 

-Teitelbaum, Michael (1979). “Right versus Right: Immigration and Refugee Policy in the United States”. Foreign Affairs; V.59-#1, pp. 21-59.

 

-D. Reimers (1983). “An Unintended Reform: The 1965 Immigration Act and Third World Immigration to the United States”. Journal of American Ethnic History; V.3-#?, pp.

 

-G. Chin (1996). “The Civil Rights Revolution Comes to Immigration Law: A New Look at the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965". North Carolina Law Review; V.75-#?, pp.

 

-J. Phillips and D. Massey (1999). “The New Labor Market: Immigrants and Wages after IRCA”. Demography; V.36-#2, pp. 233-246.

 

-D. Massey (1999). “International Migration at the Dawn of the Twenty-First Century: The Role of the State”. Population and Development Review; V.25-#2, pp. 303-32.

 

(b) Mainly Canada

 

-M. Boyd (1976). “Immigration Policies and Trends: A Comparison of Canada and the US”. Demography; V.18-#?, pp. 83-104.

 

-H. Duleep and M. Regets (1991). “Some Evidence on the Effect of Admission Criteria on Immigrant Assimilation: The Earnings Profiles of Asian Immigrants in Canada and the US”. in B. Chiswick, ed. Immigration, Language and Ethnicity: Canada and the US. Washington, DC: AEI.

 

-G. Borjas (1993). “Immigration Policy, National Origin, and Immigrant Skills: A Comparison of Canada and the US”. In D. Card and R. Freeman, eds. Small Differences That Matter: Labor Marekt and Income Maintenance in Canada and the US. Chicago: U of C Press/NBER, Pp. 21-43.

 

-A. Green and D. Green (1995). “Canadian Immigration Policy: The Effectiveness of the Point System and Other Instruments”. CJE; V.28-#4b, pp. 1006-1041.

 

-G. Dirks (1995). Controversy and Complexity: Canadian Immigration Policy in the 1980s. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

 

-N. Kelley and M. Trebilcock (1998). The Making of the Mosaic: A History of Canadian Immigration Policy. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

 

(c) Mainly Australia

 

-P. Miller (1999). “Immigration Policy and Immigrant Quality: The Australian Points System”. AER; V.89-#2, pp. 192-197.

 

-D. Cobb-Clark (2000). “Do Selection Criteria Make a Difference? Visa Category and the Labor Market Status of Immigrants to Australia”. Economic Record; V.76-#232, pp. 15-31.

 

(d) Mainly European Cases

 

-R. Faini and A. Venturini (1993). “Trade, Aid and Migrations: Some Basic Policy Issues”. EER; V.37-#?, pp. 435-442.

 

-M. Burda (1993). “The Determinants of East-West German Migration: Some First Reslts”. EER; V.37-#?, pp. 452-461.

 

-K. Zimmerman (1994). “Immigration Policies in Europe: An Overview”. In H. Siebert, ed. Migration: A Challenge for Europe. Tubingen: J.C.B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), pp. 227-258.

 

K. Zimmerman (1995). “Tackling the European Migration Problem”. JEcPerspectives; V.9-#2, pp. 45-62.

 

(2) Migration and the Welfare System

 

(a) Theory: Redistribution with Labor Mobility

 

-Cremer, Helmuth et al. (1996). “Mobility and Redistribution: A Survey”. Public Finance; V.51-#3, pp. 325-352.

 

-J. Wilson (1999). “Theories of Tax Competition”. National Tax Journal; V.52-#2, pp. 269-304.

 

-M.V. Pauly (1973). “Income Redistribution as a Local Public Good”. JPubE; V.2-#1, pp. 35-54.

 

-R. Arad and A.L. Hillman (1979). “The Collective Good Motive for Immigration Policy”. Australian Economic Papers; V.18-#33, pp. 243-257.

 

-W. Baumol (1989). “The Income Distribution Frontier and Taxation of Migrants”. in J. Bhagwati and J. Wilson, eds. Income Taxation and International Mobility. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 159-178.

 

-R. Crane (1992). “Voluntary Income Redistribution with Migration”. Journal of Urban Economics; V.31-#?, pp. 84-98.

 

-G. Myers (1990). “Optimality, Free Mobility, and the Regional Authority in a Federation”. JPubE; V.43-#?, pp. 107-121.

 

-D. Wildasin (1991). “Income Redistribution in a Common Labor Market”. AER; V.81-#4, pp. 757-774.

 

-D. Wildasin (1992). “Relaxation of Barriers to Factor Mobility and Income Redistribution”. Public Finance; V.47-Suppl., pp. 216-30.

 

-D. Wildasin (1993). “State Income Taxation with Mobile Labor”. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management; V.12-#1, pp. 51-75.

 

-D. Wildasin (1994). “Income Redistribution and Migration”. CJE; V.27-#3, pp. 637-656.

 

-A. Mansoorian and G. Myers (1993). “Attachment to Home and Efficient Purchases of Population in a Fiscal Externality Economy”. JPubE; V.52-#?, pp. 117-132.

 

-J. Burbidge and G. Myers (1994). “Redistribution Within and Across the Regions of a Federation”. CJE; V.27-#3, pp. 620-636.

 

-J. Burbidge and G. Myers (1994). “Population Mobility and Capital Tax Competition”. RSUE; V.24-#4, pp. 441-459.

 

-D. Wellisch (1994). “Interregional Spillovers in the Presence of Perfect and Imperfect Household Mobility”. JPubE; V.55-#?, pp. 167-184.

 

-D. Wellisch and D. Wildasin (1996). “Decentralized Income Redistribution and Immigration”. EER; V.40-#?, pp. 187-217.

 

-A. Mansoorian and G. Myers (1997). “On the Consequences of Government Objectives for Economies with Mobile Populations”. JPubE; V.63-#2, pp. 265-281.

 

-G. Myers and Y. Papageorgiou (1997). “Efficient Nash Equilibria in a Federal Economy with Migration Costs”. RSUE; V.27-#4/5, pp. 345-371.

 

-M. Leite-Monteiro (1997). “Redistributive Policy with Labour Mobility Across Countries”. JPubE; V.65-#2, pp. 229-244.

 

-J. Wilson (1995). “Mobile Labor, Multiple Tax Instruments, and Tax Competition”. Journal of Urban Economics; V.38-#3, pp. 333-356.

 

-H. Raff and J. Wilson (1997). “Income Redistribution with Well-Informed Local Governments”. International Tax and Public Finance; V.4-#4, pp. 407-427.

 

-D. Wildasin (1997). “Income Distribution and Redistribution within Federations”. Annales d'Economie et de Statistique; V.0-#45, pp. 291-313.

 

-D. Wildasin (1998). “Factor Mobility and Redistributive Policy: Local and International Perspectives”. in P. Sorensen, ed. Public Finance in a Changing World. London: Macmillan, pp. 151-192.

 

-G. Myers and Y. Papageorgiou (2000). “Immigration Control and the Welfare State”. JPubE; V.75-#2, pp. 183-207.

 

-A. Caplan, R. Cornes, and E. Silva (2000). “Pure Public Goods and Income Redistribution in a Federation with Decentralized Leadership and Imperfect Labor Mobility”. JPubE; V.77-#?, pp. 265-284.

 

-Hammond, Peter and Jaume Sempere (2000a). “Gains from Trade versus from Migration: What Makes them So Different?”. ms: Stanford University.

 

-Hammond, Peter and Jaume Sempere (2000b). “Migration with Local Public Goods and the Gains from Exchanging Places”. ms: Stanford University.

 

-Lee, Kangoh (2002). “Factor Mobility and Income Redistribution in a Federation”. Journal of Urban Economics; V.51-#1, pp. 77-100

 

-A. Razin and E. Sadka (1994). “Resisting Migration: The Problems of Wage Regidity and the Social Burden”. NBER Working Paper; #4903.

 

-A. Razin and E. Sadka (1995). “Resisting Migration: Wage Rigidity and Income Distribution”. AER; V.85-#2, pp. 312-316.

 

-D. Wildasin and J. Wilson (1996). “Imperfect Mobility and Local Government Behavior in an Overlapping Generations Model”. JPubE; V.60-#2, pp. 177-198.

 

-J. Brueckner (2000). “Welfare Reform and the Race to the Bottom: Theory and Evidence”. SEJ; V.66-#3, pp. 505-525.

 

-Z. Hercowitz and D. Pines (1997). “Migration between Home Country and Diaspora: An Economic Analysis”. JPubE; V.65-#1, pp. 45-59.

 

-D. Bureau and C. Richard (1997). “Public Insurance and Mobility: An Exploratory Analysis in the Context of European Economic Unification”. Annales d’Economie et de Statistique; V.45-#/, PP. 275-290.

 

-D. Wellisch and U. Walz (1998). “Why Do Rich Countries Prefer Free Trade Over Migration? The Role of the Modern Welfare State”. EER; V.42-#8, pp. 1595-1612.

 

-D. Wellisch (1996). “Decentralized Fiscal Policy with High Mobility Reconsidered: Reasons for Inefficiency and an Optimal Intervention Scheme”. European Journal of Political Economy; V.12-#1, pp. 91-111.

 

-W. Richter and D. Wellisch (1996). “The Provision of Local Public Goods and Factors in the Presence of Firm and Household Mobility”. Journal of Public Economics; V.60-#1, pp. 73-93.

 

-N. Leiner (1997). “International Migration in the Presence of Public Goods”. Annales d'Economie et de Statistique; #47, pp. 150-170.

 

-K. Gatsios, P. Hatzipanayotou, and M. Michael (1999). “International Migration, the Provision of Public Goods, and Welfare”. Journal of Development Economics; V.60-#2, pp. 559-575.

 

-K. Gatsios, P. Hatzipanayotou, and M. Michael (1999). “Trade Liberalisation, Public Good Provision: Migration-Promoting or Migration-Deterring?”. in R. Faini, J. deMelo, and K. Zimmermann, eds. (1999). Migration: The Controversies and the Evidence. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 94-111.

 

-H. Huizinga (1999). “A Two-Region Model of Redistribution, Migration and International Trade”. Journal of Public Economics; V.71-#3, pp. 335-354.

 

-A. Sandmo and D. Wildasin (1999). “Taxation, Migration, and Pollution”. International Tax and Public Finance; V.6-#1, pp. 39-59.

 

-D. Wildasin (1995). “Factor Mobility, Risk and Redistribution in the Welfare State”. Scandinavian Journal of Economics; V.97-#4, pp. 527-46.

 

-D. Wildasin (1998). “Factor Mobility, Risk, Inequality, and Redistribution”. in D. Pines, E. Sadka, I. Zilcha, eds. Topics in Public Economics. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 314-339.

 

-D. Wildasin (2000). “Labor-Market Integration, Investment in Risky Human Capital, and Fiscal Competition”. AER; V.90-#1, pp. 73-95.

 

(b) Empirical Research

 

-D. North (1983). “Impacts of Legal, Illegal and Refugee Migration on US Social Service Programs”. In M. Kritz, ed. US Immigration and Refugee Policy. Lexington: DC Heath.

 

-F. Blau (1984). “The Use of Transfer Payments by Immigrants”. ILR Review; V.37-#2, pp. 222-239.

 

-J. Simon (1984). “Immigration, Taxes and Welfare in the US”. Population and Development Review; V.10-#1, pp. 55-69.

 

-M. Tienda and L. Jensen (1986). “Immigration and Public Assistance Participation: Dispelling the Myth of Dependency”. Social Science Research; V.15-#?, pp. 372-400.

 

-L. Jensen (1988). “Patterns of Immigration and Public Assistance Utilization, 1970-1980". International Migration Review; V.22-#?, pp. 51-83.

 

-G. Borjas and S. Trejo (1991). “Immigrant Participation in the Welfare System”. ILR Review; V.44-#?, pp. 195-211.

 

-S. Trejo (1992). “Immigrant Welfare Recipiency: Recent Trends and Future Implications”. Contemporary Policy Issues; V.10-#2, pp. 44-53.

 

-G. Borjas and S. Trejo (1993). “National Origin and Immigrant Welfare Recipiency”. Journal of Public Economics; V.50-#3, pp. 325-344.

 

-G. Borjas (1995). “Immigration and Welfare, 1970-1990". Research in Labor Economics; V.14-#?, pp. 251-280.

 

-G. Borjas and L. Hilton (1996). “Immigration and the Welfare State: Immigrant Participation in Means-tested Entitlement Programs”. QJE, V.111-#2, pp.575-604.

 

-G. Borjas and G. Sueyoshi (1997). “Ethnicity and Intergenerational Transmission of Welfare Dependency”. Research in Labor Economics; V.16-#?, pp. 271-295.

 

-J. Simon and A. Akbari (1996). “Determinants of Welfare Payment Use by Immigrants and Natives in the United States and Canada”. in H. Duleep and P. Wunnava, eds. Immigrants and Immigration Policy: Individual Skills, Family Ties, and Group Identities. Greenwich: JAI Press, 1996, pp. 79-100.

 

-F. Bean, J. VanHook, and J. Glick (1997). “Country of Origin, Type of Public Assistance, and Pattern of Welfare Recipiency among U.S. Immigrants and Natives”. Social Science Quarterly; V.78-#2, pp. 432-451.

 

-J. VanHook, J. Glick, and F. Bean (1999). “Public assistance receipt among immigrants and natives: How the unit of analysis affects research findings”. Demography; V.36-#1, pp. 111-120.

 

-B. Chiswick and M. Hurst (1998). “The Employment, Unemployment, and Unemployment Compensation Benefits of Immigrants”. Research in Employment Policy; V.2, pp.

 

-P. Davies and Michael Greenwood (1998). “The Participation of Mexican-born Households in Means-tested U.S. Welfare Programs”. in Binational Study: Migration Between Mexico and the United States. Washington, DC: U.S. Commission on Immigration Reform, pp. 1001-1048.

 

-J. Currie (2000). “Do Children of Immigrants Make Differential Use of Public Health Insurance?”. in G. Borjas, ed. Issues in the Economics of Immigration. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp.

 

-A. Gustman and T. Steinmeier (2000). “Social Security Benefits of Immigrants and U.S. Born”. in G. Borjas, ed. Issues in the Economics of Immigration. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp.

 

-T. Espenshade (1998). “U.S. Immigration and the New Welfare State”. in D. Jacobson, ed. The Immigration Reader: America In a Multidisciplinary Perspective. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 231-250.

 

-M. Baker and D. Benjamin (1995). “The Receipt of Transfer Payments by Immigrants in Canada”. Journal of Human Resources; V.30-#?, pp. 650-676.

 

-A. de Silva (1997). “Immigrant Participation in the Unemployment Insurance System”. Canadian Public Policy; V.23-#4, pp. 375-396.

 

-P. Siklos and W. Marr (1998). “The Unemployment Insurance Compensation Usage of Canada’s Immigrants in Selected Provinces, 1981–1988". International Migration, V.36-#3, pp. 337-356.

 

-P. Siklos and W. Marr (1998). “The Unemployment Insurance Compensation Experience of Immigrants in Canada, 1980-1988". Journal of Population Economics; V.11-#1, pp. 127-147.

 

-W. Marr and P. Siklos (1999). “Immigrant Class and the Use of Unemployment Insurance by Recent Immigrants to Canada: Evidence from a New Data Base, 1980-1995". International Migration Review; V.33-#3, pp. 561-593.

 

-M. Greenwood, et al. (1999). “The Influence of Social Programs in Source Countries on Various Classes of U.S. Immigration”. Journal of the American Statistical Association; V.94-#445, pp. 64-74.

 

-F. Buckley (1996). “The Political Economy of Immigration Policy”. International Review of Law and Economics; V.16-#1, pp. 81-99.

 

-F. Buckley (1997). “The Market for Migrants”. In J. Bhandari and A. Sykes, eds. Economic Dimensions in International Law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 405-445.

 

-G. Borjas (1999). “Immigration and Welfare Magnets”. Journal of Labor Economics; V.17-#4, Part 1, pp. 607-637.

 

-A. Razin and E. Sadka (1999). “Migration and Pension with International Capital Mobility”. JPubE; V.74-#1, pp. 141-150.

 

-A. Razin and E. Sadka (1998). “Migration and Pension”. NBER Working Paper; #6778.

 

-F. Canova and M. Ravn (1998). “Crossing the Rio Grande: Migrations, Business Cycles and the Welfare State”. CEPR Discussion Paper, #2040.

 

-J. Creedy and P. Taylor (1993). “Population Ageing and Social Expenditure in Australia”. Australian Economic Review; #103, pp. 56-68.

 

-R. Ulrich (1994). “Foreigners and the Social Insurance System in Germany”. in Gunter Steinmann and Ralf Ulrich, eds., The Economics of Immigration in Germany. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 61-80.

 

-M. Dodson (2001). “Welfare Generosity and Location Choices Among New United States Immigrants”. International Review of Law And Economics; V.21-#1, pp. 47-67.

 

(3) Fiscal Effects of Immigration Policy

 

-J. Simon (1984). “Immigrants, Taxes and Welfare in the United States”. Population and Development Review; V.10-#?, pp. 55-69.

 

-T. Muller and T. Espenshade (1985). “The Fiscal Impact of Mexican Immigration on California’s State and Local Governments”. Chapter 5 of The Fourth Wave: California’s Newest Immigrants. Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press, pp. 125-144.

 

-F. Blau (1986). “Immigration and the U.S. Taxpayer”. in S. Pozo, ed. 1986 Essays on Legal and Illegal Immigration. Kalamazoo: W.E. Upjohn Institute, pp. 89-110.

 

-E. Rothman and T. Espenshade (1992). “Fiscal Impacts of Immigration to the United States”. Population Index; V.58-#3, pp. 381-415.

 

-T. Espenshade and V. King (1994). “State and Local Fiscal Impacts of U.S. Immigrants: Evidence from New Jersey”. Population Research and Policy Review; V.13-#?, pp. 225-256.

 

-R. Clark, J. Passel, W. Zimmerman, and M. Fix (1994). “Fiscal Impacts of Undocumented Immigrants”. Government Finance Review; V.11-#1, pp. 20-23.

 

-Vernez, Georges and Kevin McCarthy (1996). “The Costs of Immigration to Taxpayers: Analytical and Policy Issues”. RAND Corporation Report: MR-705-FF/IF.

 

-J. Simon (1996). “Public Expenditures on Immigrants to the United States, Past and Present”. Population and Development Review; V.22-#1, pp. 99-109.

 

-D. Garvey and T. Espenshade (1997). “State and Local Fiscal Impacts of New Jersey’s Immigrant and Native Households”. in T. Espenshade, ed. Keys to Successful Immigration: Implications of the New Jersey Experience. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute Press, pp. 139-172.

 

-Chapter 6 (1997). “Do Immigrants Impose a Net Fiscal Burden? Annual Estimates”. in J. Smith and B. Edmonston, eds. The New Americans. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, pp. 254-296.

 

-Chapter 7 (1997). “The Future Fiscal Impacts of Current Immigrants”. in J. Smith and B. Edmonston, eds. The New Americans. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, pp. 297-362.

 

-T. MaCurdy, T. Nechbya, and J. Bhattacharya (1998). “An Economic Framework for Assessing the Fiscal Impacts of Immigration”. in J. Smith and B. Edmonston, eds. The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, pp. 13-65.

 

-D. Garvey and T. Espenshade (1998). “Fiscal Impacts of Immigrant and Native Households: A New Jersey Case Study”. in J. Smith and B. Edmonston, eds. The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, pp. 66-119.

 

-Espenshade, Thomas J., and Greg A. Huber (1998). “Fiscal Impacts of Immigrants and the Shrinking Welfare State”. In Charles Hirschman, Josh DeWind, and Philip Kasinitz, eds. The Handbook of International Migration: The American Experience. New York: Russell Sage, pp. 360-370.

 

-M. Clune (1998). “The Fiscal Impacts of Immigration: A California Case Study”. in J. Smith and B. Edmonston, eds. The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, pp. 120-182.

 

-R. Lee and T. Miller (1998). “The Current Fiscal Impact of Immigrants and Their Descendants: Beyond the Immigrant Household”. in J. Smith and B. Edmonston, eds. The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, pp. 183-205.

 

-A. Auerbach and P. Oreopoulos (1999). “Analyzing the Fiscal Impact of US Immigration”. AER; V.89-#2, pp. 176-180.

 

-A. Auerbach and P. Oreopoulos (2000). “The Fiscal Impace of U.S. Immigration: A Generational Accounting Perspective”. in J. Poterba, ed. Tax Policy and the Economy. V.14. Cambridge: MIT Press, forth.

 

-K. Storesletten (2000). “Sustaining Fiscal Policy through Immigration”. JPE; V.108-#2, pp. 300-323.

 

-H. Bonin, B. Raffelhüschen, and J. Wallser (2000). “Can Immigration Alleviate the Demographic Burder?”. FinanzArchiv; V.57-#1, pp. 1-21.

 

-R. Lee and T. Miller (2000). “Immigration, Social Security, and Broader Fiscal Impacts”. AER; V.90-#2, pp. 350-354.

 

-A. Akbari (1989). “The Benefits of Immigrants to Canada: Evidence on Tax and Public Services”. Canadian Public Policy; V.15-#?, pp. 424-435.

 

-A. Börsch-Supan (1994). “Migration, Social Security Systems and Public Finance”. In H. Siebert, ed. Migraion: A Challenge for Europe. Tübingen: Mohr, pp. 119-142.

 

-B. Felderer (1994). “Can Immigration Policy Help to Stabilize Social Security Systems?”. in H. Giersch, ed. Economic Aspects of International Migration. Berlin: Springer, pp. 197-226.

 

-T. Espenshade (1994). “Can Immigration Slow U.S. Population Aging?”. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management; V.13-#4, pp. 759-768.

 

-Eskil Wadensjö (2000) “Immigration, the labour market, and public finances in Denmark”. Swedish Economic Policy Review; V.7-#2, pp.

 

(4)

Guest Workers

 

(a) Theoretical Analysis

 

-M. Krauss (1976). “The Economics of the 'Guest Worker' Problem: A Neo-Heckscher-Ohlin Approach”. ScanJE; V.78-#?, pp. 469-476.

 

-M. Krauss and W. Baumol (1979). “Guest Workers and Income-Transfer Programs Financed by Host Governments”. KYKLOS; V.32-#1/2, pp. 36-46.

 

-F.L. Rivera-Batiz (1983). “The Economics of the 'To and Fro' Migrant” Some Welfare-theoretical Considerations”. ScanJE; V.85-#3, pp. 403-413.

 

-W. Ethier (1985). “International Trade and Labor Migration”. AER; V.75-#4, pp. 691-707.

 

-P. Hatzipanayotou (1994). “Nontraded Goods, Capital Taxes, and Temporary Immigration in a Small Open Economy”. IEJ; V.8-#4, pp. 15-26.

 

(b) Empirical Research on Temporary Migration

 

-M. Piore (1979). Birds of Passage: Migrant Labor and Industrial Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

 

-R. Blitz (1977). “A Benefit-Cost Analysis of Foreign Workers in West Germany”. EER; V.30-#?, pp. 479-502.

 

-P. Martin and M. Miller (1980). “Guestworkers: Lessons from Western Europe”. ILR Review; V.33-#3, pp. 315-330.

 

-J. Bhagwati, K. Schatz, and K. Wong (1984). “The West German Gastarbeiter System of Migration”. EER; V.26-#?, pp. 277-294.

 

-R. Craig (1971). The Bracero Program: Interest Groups and Foreign Policy. Austin: University of Texas Press.

 

-L. Morgan and B. Gardner (1982). “Potential for a U.S. Guest-Worker Program in Agriculture: Lessons from the Braceros”. in B. Chiswick, ed. The Gateway: U.S. Immigration Issues and Policies. Washington, DC: AEI, pp. 361-411.

 

-K. Calavita (1992). Inside the State: The Bracero Program, Immigration, and the I.N.S. New York: Routledge.

 

(5) Illegal Migration

 

(a) Formal Theory

 

-S. Gerking and J. Mutti (1980). “Costs and Benefits of Illegal Immigration: Key Issues for Government Policy”. Social Science Quarterly; V.61-#1, pp. 71-85.

 

-W. Ethier (1986). “Illegal Immigration”. AER; V.76-#1, pp. 56-71.

 

-E. Bond and T.J. Chen (1987). “The Welfare Effects of Illegal Immigration”. JIE; V.23-#3/4, pp. 315-328.

 

-S. Djajić (1987). “Illegal Aliens, Unemployment and Immigration Policy”. JDevE; V.25-#?, pp. 235-249.

 

-S. Djajić (1997). “Illegal Immigration and Resource Allocation”. IER; V.38-#1, pp. 97-117.

 

-J. Gonzalez (1994). “Illegal Immigration in the Presence of Labor Unions”. International Economic Journal; V.8-#2, pp. 57-70.

 

-C. Yoshida (1993). “The Global Welfare for Illegal Immigration: A Note”. Indian Economic Review; V.28-#?, pp. 111-115.

 

-C. Yoshida (1998). “The Effects of Border Patrol on Illegal Immigration”. Seoul Journal of Economics; V.11-#1, pp. 61-74.

 

-S. Bandyopadhyay and S. Bandyopadhyay (1998). “Illegal Immigration: A Supply Side Analysis”. Journal of Development Economics; V.57-#2, pp. 343-360.

 

-S. Djajić (1999). “Dynamics of Immigration Control”. Journal of Population Economics; V.12-#1, pp. 45-61.

 

-P. Levine (1999). “The Welfare Economics of Immigration Control”. Journal of Population Economics; V.12-#1, pp. 23-43.

 

-G. Epstein, A.L. Hillman, and A. Weiss (1999). “Creating Illegal Immigrants”. Journal of Population Economics; V.12-#1, pp. 3-21.

 

-H. Gaytán-Fregoso and S. Lahiri (2000). “Foreign aid and illegal immigration”. Journal Of Development Economics; V.63-#2, pp. 515-527.

 

-H. Gaytán-Fregoso and S. Lahiri (2000). “Regionalism and Illegal Immigration in North America: A Theoretical Analysis”. In S. Lahiri, ed. Regionalism and Globalization: Theory and Practice. London: Routledge, pp. 92-109.

 

(b) Measuring Illegal Migration

 

-R. Warren and J. Passel (1987). “A Count of the Uncountable: Estimates of Undocumented Aliens in the 1980 United States Census”. Demography; V.24-#3, pp. 375-393.

 

-J. Passel and K. Woodrow (1987). “Change in Undocumented Alien Population in the US, 1979-1983". International Migration Review; V.21-#?, pp. 1304-1334.

 

-K. Woodrow, J. Passel and R. Warren (1987). “Preliminary Estimates of Undocumented Immigration to the US, 1980-1986: Analysis of the 1986 Current Population Survey”. Proceedings of the Social Statistics Section of the American Statistical Association, 1987. Washington, DC: American Statistical Association.

 

-F. Bean, B. Edmonston, and J. Passel, eds. (1990). Undocumented Migration to the United States: IRCA and the Experience of the 1980’s. Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

 

-G. Borjas, R. Freeman and K. Lang (1991). “Undocumented Mexican-born Workers in the US: How Many, How Permanent?”. in J. Abowd and R. Freeman, eds. Immigration, Trade and the Labor Market. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 77-100.

 

-D. Massey and A. Singer (1995). “New Estimates of Undocumented Mexican Migration and the Probability of Apprehension”.Demography, V.32-#2, pp. 203-213.

 

-F. Rivera-Batiz (2000). “Underground on American Soil: Undocumented Workers and US Immigration Policy”. Journal of International Affairs; V.53-#2, pp. 485-

 

(c) Labor Market Effects: Empirical

 

-W.P. Frisbie (1975). “Illegal Migration from Mexico to the U.S.: A Longitudinal Analysis”. International Migration Review; V.9-#?, pp. 3-13.

 

-G. Johnson (1980). “The Labor Market Effects of Immigration”. ILR Review; V.33-#3, pp. 331-341.

 

-M. Wachter (1980). “The Labor Market and Illegal Immigration: The Outlook for the 1980s”. ILR Review; V.33-#3, pp.

 

-J.B. Grossman (1984). “Illegal Immigrants and Domestic Employment”. ILR Review; V.37-#2, pp. 240-251.

 

-B. Chiswick (1988). Illegal Aliens: Their Employment and Employers. Kalamazoo: W.E. Upjohn.

 

-D. Massey (1987). “Do Undocumented Immigrants Earn Lower Wages than Legal Immigrants: New Evidence from Mexico”. International Migration Review; V.21-#?, pp. 236-274.

 

-F. Bean, B. Lowell, and L. Taylor (1988). “Undocumented Mexican Immigrants and the Earnings of Other Workers in the US”. Demography; V.25-#1, pp. 35-49.

 

-C.R. Winegarden and Lay Boon Khor (1991). “Undocumented Immigration and Unemployment of U.S. Youth and Minority Workers: Econometric Evidence”. Review of Economics and Statistics, V.73-#1, pp. 105-112.

 

-C.R. Winegarden and L.B. Khor (1993). “Undocumented Immigration and Income Inequality in the Native-born Population of the US: Econometric evidence”. Applied Economics; V.25-#2, pp. 157-163.

 

-T. Espenshade (1995). “Unauthorized Immigration to the United States”. Annual Review of Sociology; V.21, pp. 195-216.

 

-F.L. Rivera-Batiz (1999). “Undocumented Workers in the Labor Market: An Analysis of the Earnings of Legal and Illegal Mexican Immigrants in the United States”. Journal of Population Economics; V.12-#1, pp. 91-116.

 

-A. Venturini (1999). “Do Immigrants Working Illegally Reduce the Natives Legal Employment: Evidence from Italy”. Journal of Population Economics; V.12-#1, pp. 135-154.

 

-A. Sarris and S. Zografakis (1999). “A Computable General Equilibrium Assessment of the Impact of Illegal Immigration on the Greek Economy”. Journal of Population Economics; V.12-#1, pp. 155-182.

 

(d) Effects of Enforcement Policies: Empirical

 

-W. Fogel (1980). “US Immigration Policy and Unsanctioned Migrants”. ILR Review; V.33-#3, pp. 295-311. [Response by M. Piore, pp. 312-314]

 

-B. Chiswick (1988). “Illegal Immigration and Immigration Control”. JEcPersp; V.2-#3, pp. 101-115.

 

-J. Hill and J. Pearce (1987). “Enforcing Sanctions against Employers of Illegal Aliens”. Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, May, pp. 1-15.

 

-J. Hill and J. Pearce (1990). “The Incidence of Sanctions Against Illegal Aliens”. JPE; V.98-#1, pp. 28-44.

 

-K. Donato, J. Durand, and D. Massey (1992). “Stemming the Tide? Assessing the Deterrent Effect of U.S. Immigration and Control”. Demography; V.29-#2, pp. 139-157.

 

-S. Kossoudji (1992). “Playing Cat and Mouse at the U.S.-Mexican Border”. Demography; V.29-#2, pp. 159-180.

 

-T. Espenshade (1994). “Does the Threat of Border Apprehension Deter Undocumented U.S. Immigration”. Population and Development Review; V.20-#4, pp. 871-891.

 

-T. Espenshade, and D. Acevedo (1995). “Migrant Cohort Size, Enforcement Effort, and the Apprehension of Undocumented Aliens”. Population Research and Policy Review; V.14-#?, pp. 145-172.

 

-D. Massey and A. Singer (1995). “New Estimates of Undocumented Mexican Migration and the Probability of Apprehension”. Demography; V.32-#?, pp. 203-213.

 

-D. Cobb-Clark, C. Shiells and B.L. Lowell (1995). “Immigration Reform: The Effects of Employer Sanctions and Legalization on Wages”. Journal of Labor Economics; V.13-#3, pp. 472-498.

 

-G. Hanson and A. Spilimbergo (1999). “Illegal Immigration, Border Enforcement, and Relative Wages: Evidence from Apprehensions at the U.S.-Mexico Border”. AER; V.89-#5, pp. 1337-1357

 

-G. Hanson, R. Robertson, and A. Spilimbergo (2002). “Does Border Enforcement Protect U.S. Workers from Illegal Immigration?”. Review of Economics and Statistics; V.84-#1, pp. 73-92.

 

-G. Borjas and E. Fisher (2001). “Dollarization and the Mexican Labor Market”. JMCB; V.33-#2, pp. 626-647.

 

-J. Heyman (1999). “Why Interdiction? Immigration Control at the United States-Mexico Border”. Regional Studies; V.33-#7, pp. 619-630.

.

-A. Dávila and J. Pagán (1997). “The Effect of Selective INS Monitoring Strategies on the Industrial Employment Choice and Earnings of Recent Immigrants”. EcInq; V.35-#1, pp. 138-150.

 

-Alberto Dávila, José A. Pagán and Gökçe Soydemir (2002). ‘The short-term and long-term deterrence effects of INS border and interior enforcement on undocumented immigration”. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization; V.49-#4, pp. 459-472.

 

-J. Heyman (1995). “Putting Power in the Anthropology of Bureaucracy: The INS at the Mexico-US Border”. Current Anthropology; V.36-#?, pp. 201-277.

 

-P. Andreas (1998/9). “The Escalation of U.S. Immigration Control in the Post-NAFTA Era”. Political Science Quarterly; V.113-#4, pp. 591-615.

 

(e) Political Economy of Enforcement

 

-W. Shughart, R. Tollison, and M. Kimenyi (1986). “The Political Economy of Immigration Restrictions”. Yale Journal of Regulation; V.4-#?, pp. 79-97.

 

-M. Todaro and L. Maruszko (1987). “Illegal Migration and U.S. Immigration Reform: A Conceptual Framework”. Population and Development Review; V.13-#?, pp. 101-114.

 

-A. Dávila, J. Pagán, and M. Grau (1999). “Immigration Reform, the INS, and the Distribution of Interior and Border Enforcement Resources”. PC; V.99-#3/4, pp. 327-345.

 

-G. Hanson and A. Spilimbergo (2001). “Political Economy, Sectoral Shocks, and Border Enforcement”. Canadian Journal of Economics; V.34-#3, pp. 612-638.

 

h. Political Economy of Immigration Policy

 

(1) Formal Theory

 

(a) Mainly direct labor market effects

 

-J. Bhagwati (1985). “Structural Adjustment and International Factor Mobility: Some Issues”. in K. Jungenfelt and D. Hague, eds. Structural Adjustment in Developed Open Economies. New York: St. Martins, pp. 127-149.

 

-Hillman, Arye L. (1994). “The Political Economy of Migration Policy”. in H. Siebert, ed. Migration: A Challenge for Europe. Tubingen: Mohr (Siebeck), pp. 263-282.

 

-A.L Hillman and A. Weiss (1999). “Beyond International Factor Movements: Cultural Preferences, Endogenous Policies, and the Migration of People: An Overview”. in R. Faini, J. deMelo, and K. Zimmermann, eds. (1999). Migration: The Controversies and the Evidence. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 76-90.

 

-F. Sollner (1999). “A Note on the Political Economy of Immigration”. PC; V.100-#3/4, pp. 245-251.

 

-S. Bilal, J.-M. Grether, and J. de Melo (2003). “Attitudes Towards Immigration: A Trade-Theoretic Approach”. Review of International Economics; V.11-#2, pp. 253-267. [longer version as CEPR Discussion Paper; #1877].

 

-J. Benhabib (1996). “On the Political Economy of Immigration”. European Economic Review; V.40-#9, pp. 1737-1743.

 

-A.L. Hillman and A. Weiss (1999). “A Theory of Permissible Illegal Immigration”. European Journal of Political Economy; V.14-#4, pp. 585-604.

 

-J.-M. Grether, J. deMelo, and T. Muller (2001). “The Political Economy of Migration in a Ricardo-Viner Model”. In S. Djajic, ed. International Migration: Trends, Policy, Impact. London: Routledge, pp. 42-68.

 

-Facchini, Giovanni and Gerald Willmann (2001). “The Political Economy of International Factor Mobility”. Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research; #00-20.

 

-J.E. Campos and D. Lien (1995). “Political Instability and Illegal Immigration”. Journal of Population Economics; V.8-#1, pp. 23-33.

 

-Epstein, Gil S.; Hillman, Arye L.; Ursprung, Heinrich W. (1999). “The King Never Emigrates”. Review of Development Economics; V.3-#2, pp. 107-121.

 

-Epstein, Gil S.; Hillman, Arye L. (1998).”Herd Effects and Migration”. CEPR Discussion Paper, #1811.

 

(b) Mainly indirect (i.e. fiscal) effects

 

-G. Freeman (1986). “Migration and the Political Economy of the Welfare State”. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science; #485, pp. 51-63.

 

-D. Epple and T. Romer (1991). “Mobility and Redistribution”. JPE; V.99-#4, pp. 828-858.

 

-Lejour, A.M. and H. Verbon (1994). “Labour Mobility and Decision Making on Social Insurance in an Integrated Market”. Public Choice; V.79-#1/2, pp. 161-185.

 

-I. Mazza and F. van Winden (1996). “A Political Economic Analysis of Labor Migration and Income Redistribution”. PC; V.88-#2, pp. 333-363.

 

-U. Scholten and M. Thum (1996). “Public Pensions and Immigration Policy in a Democracy”. Public Choice; V.87-#3/4, pp. 347-361.

 

-O. Flores (1997). “The Political Economy of Immigration Quotas”. Atlantic Economic Journal; V.25-#1, pp. 50-59.

 

-A. Haupt and W. Peters (1998). “Public Pensions and Voting on Immigration”. Public Choice; V.95-#?, pp. 403-413.

 

-Ph. Michel, P. Pestieau, J.-P. Vidal (1998). “Labor Migration and Redistribution with Alternative Assimilation Policies: The Small Economy Case”. RSUE; V.28-#3, pp. 363-377.

 

-H. Cremer and P. Pestieau (1998). “Social Insurance, Majority Voting and Labor Mobility”. JPubE; V.68-#3, pp. 397-420.

 

-A. Razin and E. Sadka (2001). “Interactions between International Migration and the Welfare State”. In S. Djajic, ed. International Migration: Trends, Policy, Impact. London: Routledge, pp. 69-88.

 

-A. Razin, E. Sadka, and P. Swagel (2002). “Tax Burden and Migration: A Political-Economy Theory and Evidence”. Journal of Public Economics; V.85-#2, pp. 167-190.

 

-Alexander Kemnitz (2002). “On the Political Economy of Lows Skilled Immigration and the Welfare State”. International Tax and Public Finance; V.9-#4, pp. 423-434.

 

-A. Cukierman, Z. Hercowitz, and D. Pines (1994). “The Political Economy of Immigration”. Foerder Institute for Economic Research Working Paper, #17/93.

 

-R. Benabou and E. Ok (2001). “Social Mobility and the Demand for Redistribution: The POUM Hypothesis”. QJE; V.116-#2, pp. 447-487.

 

(2) Historical Cases

 

-J. Higham (1955). Strangers in the Land: Patterns of American Nativism, 1860-1925. Westport: Greenwood Press.

 

-E.P. Hutchinson (1981). Legislative History of American Immigration Policy, 1798-1965. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

 

-M.A. Jones (1994). American Immigration (2nd edition). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

 

-C. Goldin (1994). “The Political Economy of Immigration Restriction in the US”. In C. Goldin and G. Liebcap, eds. The Regulated Econom y: A Historical Approach to Political Economy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 223-257.

 

-A. Timmer and J. Williamson (1998). “Immigration Policy Prior to the 1930s: Labor Markets, Policy Interactions, and Globalization Backlash”. Population and Development Review; V.24-#4, pp. 739-771.

 

-M.F. Jacobson (1998). Whiteness of a Different Color: European Immigrants and the Alchemy of Race. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

 

-R. Cohn (2000). “Nativism and the End of the Mass Migration of the 1840s and 1850s”. Journal of Economic History; V.60-#2, pp. 361-383.

 

-J. Foreman-Peck (1992). “A Political Economy of International Migration, 1851-1914". MS; V.60-#?, pp. 369-376.

 

-J. Foreman-Peck (1993). “Insiders and Outsiders: The Political Economy of International Migration during the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries”. In C. Guerin-Gonzales and C. Strikwerda, eds. The Politics of Immigrant Workers: Labor Activism and Migration in the World Economy since 1830. New York: Holmes and Meier, pp. 297-321.

 

(3) Contemporary Cases

 

(a) General Discussions: Migration and Sovereignty

 

-A. Zolberg (1992). “Labour Migration and International Economic Regimes”. in M. Kritz, L.L. Lim, and H. Zlotnik, eds. International Migration Systems. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

 

-D. Kubat, ed. (1979). The Politics of Migration Policies. New York: Center for Migration Studies.

 

-M. Heisler (1986). “Transnational Migration as a Small Window on the Diminished Autonomy of the Modern Democratic State”. Annals AAPSS; #485, pp. 151-166.

 

-T. Hammar (1990). Democracy and the Nation State. Aliens, Denizens and Citizens

                           in a World of International Migration. Aldershot: Avebury.

 

-G. Freeman (1992). “Migration Policy and Politics in the Receiving States”. International Migration Review; V.26-#4, pp. 1144-1167.

 

-C. Strikwerda and C. Guerin-Gonzales (1993). “Labor, Migration, and Politics”. In C. Guerin-Gonzales and C. Strikwerda, eds. The Politics of Immigrant Workers: Labor Activism and Migration in the World Economy since 1830. New York: Holmes and Meier, pp. 3-45.

 

-W. Cornelius, P. Martin and J. Hollifield, eds. (1994). Controlling Immigration: A Global Perspective. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

 

-G. Freeman (1994). “Can Liberal States Control Unwanted Migration?”. Annals AAPSS; #534, pp. 17-30.

 

-G. Freeman (1995). “Modes of Immigration Politics in Liberal Democracies”. International Migration Review; V.29-#4, pp. 881-893.

 

-T. Perlmutter (1996). “Bringing Parties Back In”. International Migration Review; V.30-#?, pp. 375-388.

 

-G. Freeman (1996). “A Reply to Perlmutter”. International Migration Review; V.30-#?, pp. 389-393.

 

-M. Weiner (1995). The Global Migration Crisis. New York: Harper Collins.

 

-S. Sassen (1996). Losing Control? Sovereignty in an Age of Globalisation. New York: Columbia University Press.

 

-D. Jacobson (1996). Rights Across Borders: Immigration and the Decline of Citizenship. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

 

-J. Money (1997). “No Vacancy: The Political Geography of Immigration Control in Advanced Industrial Countries”. IO; V.51-#4, pp. 685-720.

 

-C. Joppke (1998). “Why Liberal States Accept Unwanted Immigration”. WP; V.50-#2, pp. 266-293.

 

-B. Heisler (1992). “The Future of Immigrant Incorporation: Which Models? Which Concepts?”. International Migration Review; V.26-#2, pp. 623-645.

 

-K. Fitzgerald (1996). The Face of the Nation: Immigration, the State and National Identity. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

 

-C. Joppke, ed. (1998). Challenge to the Nation-State: Immigration in Western Europe and the United States. New York: Oxford University Press.

 

-J. Hollifield (1998). “Migration, Trade, and the Nation-State: The Myth of Globalization”. UCLA Journal of International Law and Foreign Affairs; V.3-#2, pp. 595-636.

 

-A. Zolberg (1999). “The Politics of Immigration Policy: An Externalist Perspective”. American Behavioral Scientist; V.42-#9, pp. 1276-1279.

 

-A. Zolberg (1999). “Matters of State: Theorizing Immigration Policy”. in D. Massey, ed. Becoming American: America Becoming. New York: Russell Sage.

 

-J. Money (1999). Fences and Neighbors: The Political Geography of Immigration Control. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

 

-J. Hollifield and C. Brettell, eds. (2000). International Migration: Talking Across Disciplines. New York: Routledge.

 

-C. Joppke (2000). Immigration and the Nation-State: The United States, Germany, and Great Britain. New York: Oxford University Press.

 

-V. Guiraudon and G. Hahav (2000). “The State Sovereignty Debate Revisited: The Case of Migration Control”. Comparative Political Studies; V.33-#2, pp. 163-195.

 

-C. Joppke (2001). “The Legal-Domestic Sources of Immigrant Rights: The United States, Germany, and the European Union”. Comparative Political Studies; V.34-#4, pp. 339-366.

 

(b) Primarily US

 

i) Legal/Policy History

 

-R. Divine (1957). American Immigration Policy, 1924-1952. New Haven: Yale University Press.

 

-M. Bennett (1963). American Immigration Policies: A History. Washington, DC: Public Affairs Press.

 

-B. Chiswick (1978). “Immigrants and Immigration Policy”. in W. Fellner, ed. Contemporary Economic Problems–1978. Washington, DC: AEI, pp. 285-325.

 

-D. Reimers (1982). “Recent Immigration Policy: An Analysis”. in B. Chiswick, ed. The Gateway: U.S. Immigration Issues and Policies. Washington, DC: AEI, pp. 13-53.

 

-P. Schuck (1984). “The Transformation of Immigration Law”. Columbia Law Review; V.3-#?, pp. 1-90.

 

-P. Schuck and R. Smith (1985). Citizenship without Consent: Illegal Aliens in the American Polity. New Haven: Yale University Press.

 

-P. Schuck and T.H. Wang (1992). “Continuity and Change: Patterns of Immigration Litigation in the Courts, 1979-1990". Stanford Law Review; V.45-#?, pp. 115-183.

 

-N. Zucker and N. Zucker (1992). “From Immigration to Refugee Redefinition: A History of Refugee and Asylum Policy in the US”. Journal of Policy History; V.4-#1, pp. 54-70.

 

-G. Neumann (1993). “The Lost Century of American Immigration Law”. Columbia Law Review; V.93-#8, pp. 1833-1901.

 

-K. Manheim (1995). “State Immigration Laws and Federal Supremacy”. Hastings Constitutional Law Quarterly; V.22-#?, pp. 239-1018.

 

-J. Margolis (1995). “Closing the Doors to the Land of Opportunity: The Constitutional Controversey Surrounding Proposition 187". University of Miami Inter-American Law Review; V.26-#?, pp. 363-401.

 

-P. Schuck (1998). Citizens, Strangers, and In-Between: Essays on Immigration and Citizenship. Boulder: Westview Press.

 

-D. Weissbrodt (1992). Immigration Law and Procedure, In a Nutshell. (3rd Ed.). St. Paul: West.

 

-T. Aleinikoff, D. Martin, and H. Motomura (1998). Immigration Process and Policy (4th ed.). St. Paul: West.

 

ii) Contemporary Policymaking: General

 

-R. Bach (1978). “Mexican Immigration and the U.S. Immigration Reforms in the 1960s”. Kapitalstate; #7, pp. 73-80.

 

-R. Daniels (1986). “Changes in Immigration Law and Nativism since 1924". American Jewish History; V.76-#?, pp. 159-180.

 

-C. Reynolds and R. McCleery (1988). “The Political Economy of Immigration Law: Impact of Simpson Rodino on the US and Mexico”. JEcPersp; V.2-#3, pp. 117-131.

 

-D. Tichenor (1994). “The Politics of Immigration Reform in the US, 1981-1990”. Polity; V.26-#3, pp. 333-362.

 

-D. Gutierrez (1995). Walls and Mirrors: Mexican Americans, Mexican Immigrants, and the Politics of Ethnicity. Berkeley: University of California Press.

 

-L. Haus (1995). “Openings in the Wall: Transnational Migrants, Labor Unions, and U.S. Immigration Policy”. IO; V.49-#2, pp. 285-313.

 

-R. Tatalovich (1995). Nativism Reborn: The Official English Language Movement and the American States. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press.

 

-R. Suro (1996). Watching America's Door: The Immigration Backlash and the New Policy Debate. New York: Twentieth Century Fund Press; distributed by Brookings Institution.

 

-P. Rose (1997). Tempest-Tossed: Race, Immigration and the Dilemmas of Diversity. New York: Oxford University Press.

 

-D. Reimers (1998). Unwelcome Strangers: American Identity and the Turn Against Immigration. New York: Columbia University Press.

 

-L. Desipio and R. De LA Garza (1998). Making Americans, Remaking America: Immigration and Immigrant Policy. Boulder: Westview Press.

 

-W. Tam-Cho (1999). “Naturalization, Socialization, and Participation: Immigrants and (Non-) Voting”. Journal of Politics; V.61-#4, pp. 1140-1155.

 

-S. Graves and J. Lee (2000). “Ethnic Underpinnings of Voting Preference: Latinos in the 1996 US Senate Election in Texas”. Social Science Quarterly, V.81-#1, pp. 226-235.

 

iii) Contemporary Policymaking: Congress

 

-E.P. Hutchinson (1981). The Legislative History of American Immigration Policy, 1798-1965. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

 

-B.L. Lowell, F. Bean and R. de la Garza (1986). “Undocumented Immigration: An Analysis of the 1984 Simpson-Mazzoli Vote”. Social Science Quarterly; V.67-#1, pp. 118-127.

 

-O. Graham, jr. (1986). “Uses and Misuses of History in the Debate Over Immigration”. Public Historian; V.8-#2, pp. 41-64.

 

-H. Moehring (1988). “Symbol versus Substance in Legislative Activity: The Case of Illegal Immigration”. PC; V.57-#?, pp. 287-294.

 

-H. Miller (1985). “‘The Right Thing to Do’: A History of Simpson-Mazzoli”. in N. Glazer, ed. Clamor at the Gates: The New American Immigration. San Francisco: ICS, pp.

 

-Calavita, Kitty (1989). “The Contradictions of Immigration Lawmaking: The Immigration and Reform Act of 1986”. Law and Policy; V.11-#1, pp. 17-47.

 

-A. Zolberg (1990). “The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 in Historical Perspective”. in V. Yans-McLaughlin, ed. Immigration Reconsidered. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 326-335.

 

-L. Fuchs (1990). “The Corpse that Would Not Die: The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986”. Revue Euroepenee des Migrations; V.6-#?, pp.

 

-P. Schuck (1992). “The Politics of Rapid Legal Change: Immigration Policy in the 1980s”. Studies in American Political Development. V.6, pp. 37-92.

 

-P. Chock (1995). “Ambiguity in Policy Discourse: Congressional Talk About Immigration”. Policy Sciences; v.28-#2, pp. 165-184.

 

-J. Gimpel and J. Edwards (1999). The Congressional Politics of Immigration Reform. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

 

iv) Contemporary Policymaking: Public Opinion

 

-M. Hoskin and W. Mishler (1983). “Public Opinion Toward New Migrants”. International Migration; V.21-#4, pp. 440-462.

 

-E. Harwood (1983). “Alienation: American Attitudes toward Immigration”. Public Opinion; June/July, pp. 49-51.

 

-E. Harwood (1986). “American Public Opinion and U.S. Immigration Policy.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science; #487, pp. 201-212.

 

-L. Miller, J. Polinard and R. Wrinkle (1984). “Attitudes toward Undocumented Workers: the Mexican American Perspective”. Social Science Quarterly; V.65-#?, pp. 482-494.

 

-R. Simon (1985). “Public Opinion and the Immigrant: Print Media Coverage 1880-1980. Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath.

 

-R. Simon (1987). “Immigration and American Attitudes”. Public Opinion; V.10-#?, pp. 47-50.

 

-R. Simon and S. Alexander (1993). Ambivalent Welcome: Print Media, Public Opinion, and Immigration. Westport: Praeger.

 

-J. Citrin, B. Reingold, and D. Green (1990). “American Identity and the Politics of Ethnic Change”. JoP; V.52-#4, pp. 1124-1153.

 

-T. Espenshade and C. Calhoun (1993). “An Analysis of Public Opinion Toward Undocumented Immigration”. Population Research and Policy Review; V.12; pp. 189-124.

 

-T. Espenshade and K. Hempstead (1996). “Contemporary American Attitudes Toward U.S. Immigration”. International Migration Review; V.30-#2, pp. 535-570.

 

-R. de la Garza, A. Falcon, F.C. Garcia, and J. Garcia (1996). “Attitudes toward U.S. Immigration Policy: The Case of Mexicans, Puerto Ricans and Cubans”. Migration World; V.21-#2/3, pp. 13-17.

 

-R. de la Garza, A. Falcon, and F.C. Garcia (1996). “Will The Real Americans Please Stand Up: Anglo and Mexican-American Support of Core American Political Values”. AJPS; V.40-#2, pp. 335-351.

 

-J. Lapinski, P. Peltola, G. Shaw, and A. Yang (1997). “Immigrants and Immigration”. Public Opinion Quarterly; V.61-#?, pp. 356-383.

 

-J. Citrin, D.P. Green, C. Muste and C. Wong. (1997). “Public Opinion Toward Immigration Reform: The Role of Economic Motivations,” Journal of Politics. V.59-#3, pp. 858-881.

 

-T. Espenshade and M. Belanger (1997). “U.S. Public Perceptions and Reactions to Mexican Migration”. in F. Bean, et al., eds. At The Crossroads: Mexican Migration and U.S. Policy. Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield.

 

-T. Espenshade and M. Belanger (1998). “Immigration and Public Opinion”. In M. Suárez-Orozco, ed. Crossings: Mexican Immigration in Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, pp. 365-403.

 

-M. Hood and I. Morris (1997). “Amigo or Enemigo?: Context, Attitudes and Anglo Public Opinion Toward Immigration”. Social Science Quarterly; V.78-#2, pp. 309-323.

 

-N. Binder, J. Polinard, and R. Wrinkle (1997). “Mexican-American and Anglo Attitudes Toward Immigration Reform: A View from the Border”. Social Science Quarterly; V.78-#2, pp. 324-337.

 

-S. Cummings and T. Lambert (1997). “Anti-Hispanic and Anti-Asian Sentiments Among African-Americans”. Social Science Quarterly; V.78-#2, pp. 338-353.

 

-K. Lee (1998). Huddled Masses, Muddled Laws: Why Contemporary Immigration Policy Fails to Reflect Public Opinion. Westport: Praeger.

 

-Burns, Peter and James Gimpel (2000). “Economic Insecurity, Prejudicial Stereotypes, and Public Opinion on Immigration Policy”. Political Science Quarterly; V.115-#?, pp. 201-225.

 

-J. Fetzer (2000). Public Attitudes toward Immigration in the United States, France, and Germany. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-K. Scheve and M. Slaughter (2001). “Labor Market Competition and Individual Preferences over Immigration Policy”. REStat; V.83-#1, pp. 133-145.

 

-R.C. Chandler and Y.-m. Tsai (2001). “Social Factors Influencing Immigration Attitudes” An Analysis of Data from the General Social Survey”. Social Science Journal; V.38-#?, pp. 177-188.

 

-T.D. Wilson (1999). “Anti-Immigrant Sentiment and the Process of Settlement among Mexican Immigrants to the United States: Reflections on the Current Wave of Immigrant Bashing”. Review of Radical Political Economics; V.31-#2, pp. 1-26.

 

v) California and Proposition 187

 

-P. Martin (1995). “Proposition 187 in California”. International Migration Review; V.29-#1, pp. 255-263.

 

-P. Schuck (1995). “The Message of Proposition 187". The American Prospect; V.21-#?, pp. 87-92. [Also chapter 6 in Schuck (1998), Citizens, Strangers and In-Betweens: Essays on Immigration and Citizenship. Boulder: Westview Press, pp. 149-169.]

 

-D. Maharidge (1996). The Coming White Minority: California, Multiculturalism, and America’s Future. New York: Times Books.

 

-C. Tolbert and R. Hero (1996). “Race/Ethnicity and Direct Democracy: An Analysis of California’s Illegal Immigration Initiative”. Journal of Politics; V.58-#3, pp. 806-818.

 

-K. Calavita (1996). “The New Politics of Immigration: ‘Balanced Budget Conservatism’ and the Symbolism of Prop. 187". Social Problems; V.43-#3, pp. 284-305.

 

-G. Huber and T. Espenshade (1997). “Neo-Isolationaism, Balanced Budget Conservatism, and the Fiscal Impacts of Immigrants”. International Migration Review; V.31-#4, pp. 1031-1053.

 

-K. MacDonald and B. Cain (1997). “Nativism, Partisanship and Immigration: An Analysis of Prop. 187". in M. Preston, B. Cain, and S. Bass, eds. Racial and Ethnic Politics in California. Berkeley: Institute for Governmental Studies.

 

-R.M. Alvarez and T. Butterfield (2000). “The Resurgence of Nativism in California? The Case of Prop. 187 and Illegal Immigration”. Social Science Quarterly, V.81-#1, pp. 167-179.

 

-L. Newton (2000). “Why Some Latinos Supported Proposition 187: Testing Economic Threat and Cultural Identity Hypotheses”. Social Science Quarterly, V.81-#1, pp. 180-193.

 

-M. Hood and I. Morris (2000). “Brother, Can You Spare a Dime? Racial/Ethnic Context and the Anglo Vote on Proposition 187". Social Science Quarterly, V.81-#1, pp. 194-206.

 

(c) Primarily Canada

 

-F. Hawkins (1972). Canada and Immigration: Public Policy and Public Concern. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

 

-F. Hawkins (1989). Critical Years in Immigration: Canada and Australia Compared. Sydney: New South Wales Press.

 

-N. Suyama (1994). “State Autonomy and Canadian Immigration Policy”. Journal of American and Canadian Studies; V.12-#?, pp. 89-105.

 

-H. Adelman, A. Borowski, M. Burstein, and L. Foster, eds. (1994). Immigration and Refugee Policy: Australia and Canada Compared. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

 

-G. Dirks (1995). Controversy and Compromise: Canadian Immigration Policy During the1980s. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

 

-D. Nord (1997). “Strengthening Society, II: Immigration Policy”. in A. Johnson and A. Stritch, eds. Canadian Public Policy: Globalization and Political Parties. Toronto: Copp Clark, Ltd., pp. 147-166.

 

-J. Brodie and C. Gabriel (1998). “Canadian Immigration Policy and the Emergence of the Neo-Liberal State”. Journal of Contemporary Internation Issues. Weekly Article, November.

 

-J. Veuglers (2000). “State-Society Relations in the Making of Canadian Immigration Policy During the Mulroney Era”. Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology; V.37-#1, pp. 351-369.

 

(d) Primarily Australia

 

-C. Price (1974). The Great White Walls are Built: Restrictive Immigration to North America and Australasia. Canberra: ANU Press.

 

-K. Betts (1988). Ideology and Immigration: Australia 1976-1987. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.

 

-G. Freeman and J. Jupp, eds. (1992). Nations of Immigrants: Australia, the United States, and International Migration. New York: Oxford University Press.

 

-B. Birrell (1997). Immigration Reform in Australia: Coalition Government Proposals and Outcomes Since March 1996. Melbourne: Centre for Population and Urban Research.

 

-K. Betts (1999). The Great Divide. Sydney: Duffy and Snellgrove.

 

-I. McAllister (1993). “Immigration, Bipartisanship, and Public Opinion”. in J. Jupp and M. Kabala, eds. The Politics of Australian Immigration. Canberra: AGPS, pp. 161-180.

 

-C. Bean (1995). “Determinants of Attitudes towards Questions of Border Maintenance in Australia”. People and Place; V.3-#3, pp. 32-39.

 

-K. Betts (1996). “Immigration and Public Opinion in Australia”. People and Place; V.4-#3, pp. 9-20.

 

-K. Betts (1996). “Patriotism, immigration and the 1996 election”. People and Place; V.4-#4, pp. 27-38 .

 

(e) Primarily EU

 

-T. Hammar, ed. (1985). European Immigration Policy. New York: Cambridge University Press.

 

-J. Hollifield (1992). Immigrants, Markets, and States: The Political Economy of Postwar Europe. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

 

-Z. Layton-Henry (1992). The Politics of Immigration. Oxford: Blackwell.

 

-J. Hollifield (1992). “Migration and International Relations: Cooperation and Control in the European Community”. International Migration Review; V.26-#2, pp. 568-595.

 

-M. Heisler (1992). “Migration, International Relations and the New Europe: Theoretical Perspectives from Institutional Sociology”. International Migration Review; V.26-#2, pp. 596-622.

 

-H. Werner (1992). “Regional Economic Integration and Migration: The European Case”. Annals, AAPSS; #534, pp. 147-164.

 

-H. Werner (1994). “Regional Economic Integration and Migration: The European Case”. Annals, AAPSS; #534, pp. 147-164.

 

-J. Wrench and J. Solomos, eds. (1993). Racism and Migration in Western Europe. Oxford: Berg Publishers.

 

-M. Baldwin-Edwards and M. Schain, eds. (1994). “Special Issue on The Politics of Immigration in Western Europe”. Western European Politics; V.17-#2.

 

-P. Ireland (1994). The Policy Challenge of Ethnic Diversity: Immigrant Politics in France and Switzerland. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

 

-H. Kurthen (1995). “Germany at the Crossroads: National Identity and the Challenges of Immigration”. International Migration Review; V.29-#4, pp. 914-938.

 

-A. Covey and M. Kupieszwski (1995). “Keeping up with Schengen: Migration and Policy in the European Union”. International Migration Review; V.29-#4, pp. 939-963.

 

-M Ugur (1995). “Freedom of Movement vs. Exclusion: A Reinterpretation of the ‘Insider’-‘Outsider’ Divide in the European Union”. International Migration Review; V.29-#4, pp. 964-999.

 

-R. Miles and D. Thränhardt (1995). Immigration and European Integration: The Dynamics of Inclusion and Exclusion. London: Pinter.

 

-A. Messina (1995). “Immigration as a Political Dilemma in Britain”. Policy Studies Journal; V.23-#?, pp. 686-698.

 

-A. Messina (1996). “The Not So Silent Revolution: Postwar Migration to Western Europe”. World Politics; V.49-#1, pp. 130-153.

 

-T. Perlmutter (1996). “Immigration Politics Italian Style: The Paradoxical Behaviour of Mainstream and Populist Parties”. South European Society and Politics; V.1-#2, pp.

 

-M. Baldwin-Edwards (1997). “The Emerging European Immigration Regime: Some Reflections on Implications for Southern Europe”. JCMS; V.35-#4, pp. 497-519.

 

-A. Geddes (1998). “The Representation of ‘Migrants’ Interests’ in the European Union”. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies; V.24-#4, pp. 695-713.

 

-R. Koslowski (1998). “European Migration Regimes: Emerging, Enlarging, and Deteriorating”. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies; V.24-#4, pp. 735-749.

 

-R. Karapin (1999). “The Politics of Immigration Control in Britain and Germany: Subnational Politicians and Social Movements”. Comparative Politics; V.31-#4, pp. 423-444.

 

-R. Hansen (1999). “Migration, Citizenship and Race in Europe: Between Incorporation and Exclusion”. European Journal of Political Research; V.35-#4, pp. 415-444.

 

-G. Brochmann and T. Hammar, eds. (1999). Mechanisms of Immigration Control : A Comparative Analysis of European Regulation Policies. Oxford: Berg Publishers.

 

-R. Hansen (2000). Citizenship and Immigration in Postwar Britain. Oxford: OUP.

 

M. Cole and G. Dale, eds. (2000).The European Union and Migrant Labour. Oxford: Berg Publishers.

 

-V. Guiraudon (2000). “European Integration and Migration Policy: Vertical Policy-making as Venue Shopping”. JCMS; V.38-#2, pp. 251-271.

 

-I. Gang and F. Rivera-Batiz (1994). “Unemployment and Attitudes Towards Foreigners in Germany,” in Gunter Steinmann and Ralf Ulrich, eds., The Economics of Immigration in Germany. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 121-154.

 

-L. Quillian (1995). “Prejudice as a Response to Perceived Group Threat: Population Compostion and Anti-Immigrant and Racial Prejudice in Europe”. American Sociological Review; V.60-#?, pp. 586-611.

 

-G. Lahav (1997). “Ideological and Party Constraints on Immigration Attitudes in Europe”. JCMS; V.35-#3, pp. 377-406.

 

-T. Pettigrew (1998). “Reactions Toward the New Minorities of Western Europe”. Annual Review of Sociology; V.60-#?, pp. 77-103.

 

-R. Simon and J. Lynch (1999). “A Comparative Assessment of Public Opinion Toward Immigrants and Immigration Policies”. International Migration Review; V.33-#?, pp. 455-467.

 

-Thomas Bauer, Magnus Lofstrom and Klaus F. Zimmermann (2000) “Immigration policy, assimilation of immigrants, and natives' sentiments towards immigrants: evidence from 12 OECD countries”. Swedish Economic Policy Review; V.7-#2, pp.

 

-C. Dustmann and I. Preston (2000). “Racial and Economic Factors in Attitudes to Immigration”. CEPR Discussion Paper, #2542.

 

(f) Primarily Japan

 

-H. Shimada (1994). Japan’s ‘Guest Workers: Issues and Public Policies. Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press (Distributed by Columbia University Press).

 

-W. Cornelius (1994). “Japan: The Illustion of Immigration Control”. in W. Cornelius, P. Partin, and J. Hollifield, eds. Controlling Immigration: A Global Perspective. Stanford: Stanford University Press, pp. 375-410.

 

-M. Weiner (1998). “Opposing Visions: Migration and Citizenship Policies in Japan and the United States”. in M. Weiner and T. Hanami, eds. Temporary Workers or Future Citizens. New York: NYU Press.

 

-A. Gurowitz (1999). “Mobilizing International Norms: Domestic Actors, Immigrants, and the Japanese State”. World Politics; V.51-#2, pp. 413-445.

 

4. Optimal Policy with Capital and Labor Mobile: The Ramaswami Proposition

 

-V.K. Ramaswami (1968). “International Factor Movement and the National Advantage”. Eca; V.35-#?, pp. 309-310. (Comment by Webb and Response, (1970) Eca, V.37-#?, pp. 81-85)

 

-J. Bhagwati (1979). “International Factor Movements and National Advantage”. Indian Economic Review; V.14-#2, pp. 73-100.

 

-G. Calvo and S. Wellisz (1983). “International Factor Mobility and National Advantage”. JIE; V.14-#?, pp. 103-114.

 

-J. Bhagwati and T.N. Srinivasan (1983). “On the Choice Between Capital and Labor Mobility”. JIE; V.14-#?, pp. 209-221.

 

-K.Y. Wong (1983). “On Choosing Among Trade in Goods and International Capital and Labor Mobility”. JIE; V.14-#?, pp. 223-250.

 

-M. vanBemmelen (1985). “On the Choice Between International Capital and Labor Mobility”. EER; V.29-#?, pp. 355-379.

 

-R. Jones, I. Coelho and S. Easton (1986). “The Theory of International Factor Flows: The Basic Model”. JIE; V.20-#?, pp. 313-327.

 

-R. Jones and I. Coelho (1985). “International Factor Movements and the Ramaswami Argument”. Eca; V.52-#?, pp. 359-364.

 

-P. Kuhn and I. Wooton (1987). “International Factor Movements in the Presence of a Fixed Factor”. JIE; V.27-#?, pp. 123-140.

 

-E. Bond (1989). “Optimal Policy Toward International Factor Movements with a Country-Specific Factor”. EER; V.33-#?, pp. 1329-1344.

 

-R. Jones and S. Easton (1989). “Perspectives on 'Buy-Outs' and the Ramaswami Effect”. JIE; V.27-#?, pp. 363-371.

 

-R. Jones and S. Easton (1990). “Foreign Investment and International Migration: Analytics and Extensions of the Basic Model”. KES; V.27-#1, pp. 1-20.

 

-R. Jones (1990). “The Ramaswami Function and International Factor Mobility”. Indian Economic Review; V.25-#2, pp. 143-164.

 

-R. Brecher and E. Choudhri (1987). “International Migration versus Foreign Investment in the Presence of Unemployment”. JIE; V.23-#?, pp.329-342.

 

-W. Ethier (1987). “Bundled International Factor Mobility”. In H. Kierzkowski, ed. Protection and Competition in International Trade. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 99-111.

 

-K. Suzuki (1989). “Choice Between International Capital and Labor Mobility for Diversified Economies”. JIE; V.27-#?, pp. 347-361.

 

-N. Saavedra-Rivano and I. Wooton (1983). “The Choice Between International Labor and Capital Mobility in A Dynamic Model of North-South Trade”. JIE; V.14-#?, pp. 251-261.

 

-R. Kochhar (1990). “The Ramaswami Proposition and the Choice Among Labor, Capital and Technology Flows”. JDevE; V.33-#?, pp. 133-144.

 

-L. Cheng and K.Y. Wong (1990). “On the Strategic Choice Between Capital and Labor Mobility”. JIE; V.28-#3/4, pp. 291-314.

 

-A. Panagariya (1991). “Explaining the Pattern of Factor Flows between the North and South”. Osaka Economic Papers; V.40-#3/4, pp. 199-209.

 

-S. Easton and R. Jones (1992). “Wage Agreements and Optimal International Capital Flows”. in H. Giersch, ed. Money, Trade and Competition. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 151-165.

 

-K. Suzuki (1995). “Intercountry Gaps in Increasing-Returns-to-Scale Technologies and the Choice among International Regimes”. in W. Chang and S. Katayama, eds. Imperfect Competition in International Trade. Boston: Kluwer, pp. 207-229.

 

C. The Political Economy of Portfolio Capital and Sovereign Debt

 

1. Intertemporal Optimizing and International Trade in Assets

 

a. The Structure of Intertemporal Optimizing Models

 

-W. Leontief (1958). “Theoretical Note on Time Preference, Productivity of Capital, Stagnation and Economic Growth”. AER; V.48-#1, pp. 105-111. (Comment by Westfield and response, AER, 1959, V.49-#5, pp. 1037-1043)

 

-H. Uzawa (1968). “Time Preference, the Consumption Function and Optimum Asset Holdings”. in J. Wolfe, ed. Value, Capital and Growth. Chicago: Aldine.

 

-H. Uzawa (1969). “Time Preference and the Penrose Effect in a Two-Class Model of Economic Growth”. JPE; V.77-#?, pp. 628-652.

 

-J. Hirschleifer (1970). Investment, Interest and Capital. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall. (Part I)

 

-J. Frenkel and A. Razin (1987). “Elements of Intertemporal Macroeconomics”. Part III of Fiscal Policies and the World Economy. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 139-182.

 

b. The Fisherian Approach: Analysis under Certainty

 

-R. Baldwin (1966). “The Role of Capital Goods Trade in the Theory of International Trade”. AER; V.56-#?, pp. 841-848.

 

-H.G. Johnson (1968). Comparative Cost and Commercial Policy Theory for a Developing World Economy. Stockholm: Almqvist and Wicksell.

 

-N. Miller (1968). “A General Equilibrium Theory of International Capital Flows”. EJ; V.?-#?, pp. 312-320.

 

-M. Connolly and S. Ross (197?). “A Fisherian Approach to Trade, Capital Movements and Tariffs”. AER; V.?-#?, pp. 478-484.

 

-N.F. Laing (1970). “Further Thoughts on Intertemporal Trade Theory”. I. McDougall and R. Snape, eds. Studies in International Economics. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 121-138.

 

-L.R. Webb (1970). “The Role of International Capital Movements in Trade and Growth: the Fisherian Approach”. I. McDougall and R. Snape, eds. Studies in International Economics. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 225-266.

 

-T. Negishi (1972). “Optimal Foreign Trade and Investment for a Nation”. Chapter 9 in Negishi, General Equilibrium Theory and International Trade. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 128-140.

 

-S. Arndt and J.D. Richardson (1987). “Real-Financial Linkages among Open Economies”. in S. Arndt and J.D. Richardson, eds. Real-Financial Linkages Among Open Economies; Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 5-32.

 

-R. McCulloch and J.D. Richardson (1990). “International Trade in Capital and Capital Goods”. in R. Jones and A. Krueger, eds. The Political Economy of International Trade. Oxford: Blackwell.

 

-A. Razin and L. Svensson (1983). “The Current Account and the Optimal Government Debt”. Journal of International Money and Finance; V.2-#?, pp. 215-224.

 

-M. Obstfeld (1980). “Intermediate Imports, the Terms of Trade and the Dynamics of the Exchange Rate and the Current Account”. JIE; V.10-#?, pp. 461-480.

 

-J. Sachs (1982). “The Current Account in the Macroeconomic Adjustment Process”. ScanJE; V.84-#?, pp. 147-159.

 

-R. Dornbusch (1983). “Real Interest Rates, Home Goods and Optimal External Borrowing”. JPE; V.91-#1, pp. 141-153.

 

-A. Razin (1984). “Capital Movements, Intersectoral Resource Shifts and the Trade Balance”. EER; V.26-#?, pp. 135-152.

 

-M. Obstfeld (1982). “Aggregate Spending and the Terms of Trade: Is There a Laursen-Metzler Effect?”. QJE; V.97-#2, pp. 251-270.

 

-L. Svensson and A. Razin (1983). “The Terms of Trade and the Current Account: The Harberger-Laursen-Metzler Effect”. JPE; V.91-#1, pp. 97-125.

 

-K. Matsuyama (1987). “Current Account Dynamics in a Finite Horizon Model”. JIE; V.23-#?, pp. 299-313.

 

-P. Brock (1988). “Investment, the Current Account and the Relative Price of Non-Traded Goods in a Small Open Economy”. JIE; V.24-#?, pp. 235-253.

 

-S. van Wijnbergen (1987). “Tariffs, Employment and the Current Account: Real Wage Resistance and the Macroeconomics of Protectionism”. IER; V.28-#3, pp. 691-706.

 

-P. Sen and S. Turnovsky (1989). “Tariffs, Capital Accumulation, and the Current Account in a Small Open Economy”. IER; V.30-#4, pp. 811-831.

 

-M. Devereux and S. Shi (1991). “Capital Accumulation and the Current Account in a Two-Country Model”. JIE; V.30-#1/2, pp. 1-25.

 

-P. Sen and S. Turnovsky (1989). “Deterioration of the Terms of Trade and Capital Accumulation: A Reexamination of the Laursen-Metzler Effect”. JIE; V.26-#?, pp. 227-250.

 

-P. Sen and S. Turnovsky (1991). “Fiscal Policy, Capital Accumulation and Debt in an Open Economy”. OEP; V.43-#1, pp. 1-24.

 

-M. Gavin (1992). “Monetary Policy, Exchange Rates and Investment in a Keynesian Economy”. JIMF; V.11-#?, pp. 145-161.

 

-P. Brock and S. Turnovsky (1994). “The Dependent Economy Model with Both Traded and Nontraded Investment Goods”. RIE; V.2-#?, pp. 306-325.

 

-L. Severn (1995). “Capital Goods Imports, the Real Exchange Rate and the Current Account”. JIE; V.39-#1/2, pp. 79-101.

 

-J. Frenkel and A. Razin (1987). “An Intertemporal Approach to Fiscal Policies in the World Economy”. Part IV in Fiscal Policies in the World Economy. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 183-281.

 

-J. Frenkel and A. Razin (1988). “Budget Deficits under Alternative Tax Systems: International Effects”. IMFSP; V.35-#2, pp. 297-315.

 

-J. Frenkel and A. Razin (1988). “Spending, Taxes and Deficits: An International-Intertemporal Approach”. Princeton Studies in International Finance, #63.

 

-J. Frenkel and A. Razin (1989). “International Effects of Tax Reforms”. EJ; V.99-#?(Conference), pp. 38-58.

 

-J. Anderson and L. Young (1992). “Optimal Taxation and Debt in an Open Economy”. JPubE; V.

 

-J. Anderson (1991). “The Optimal Borrowing Tax”. JIEI; V.6-#1, pp. 64-90.

 

c. Intertemporal Trade in Risky Assets

 

-L. Svensson (1988). “Trade in Risky Assets”. AER; V.78-#3, pp. 375-394.

 

2. Uncertainty, Asset Markets and International Trade

 

-J. Hirschleifer (1970). Investment, Interest and Capital. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall. (Part II)

 

-R. Batra (1975). The Pure Theory of International Trade under Uncertainty. London: MacMillan.

 

-E. Helpman and A. Razin (1978). A Theory of International Trade under Uncertainty. New York: Academic Press.

 

-J. Pomery (1979). “Uncertainty and International Trade”. in R. Dornbusch and J. Frenkel, eds. International Economic Policy: Theory and Evidence. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, pp. 112-157.

 

-J. Pomery (1984). “Uncertainty in Trade Models”. in R. Jones and P. Kenen, eds. Handbook of International Economics. Amsterdam: North-Holland. V.1: pp. 419-465.

 

-E. Grinols (1987). Uncertainty and the Theory of International Trade. Chur: Harwood Press.

 

a. Trade Under Uncertainty in Ricardian Models

 

-M. Kemp and N. Liviatan (1973). “Production and Trade Patterns under Uncertainty”. EcRec; V.49-#?, pp. 215-227.

 

-M. Kemp (1976). “Patterns of Production and Trade under Conditions of Resource Uncertainty”. Chapter 21 in M. Kemp, Three Topics in the Theory of International Trade. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 279-288.

 

-S. Turnovsky (1974). “Technological and Price Uncertainty in a Ricardian Model of International Trade”. REStud; V.41-#126, pp. 201-217.

 

-R. Ruffin (1974). “International Trade Under Uncertainty”. JIE; V.4-#3, pp. 243-259.

 

-R. Ruffin (1974). “Comparative Advantage Under Uncertainty”. JIE; V.4-#3, pp. 261-273.

 

-J. Anderson and J. Riley (1976). “International Trade with Fluctuating Prices”. IER; V.17-#1, pp. 76-97.

 

-J. Flemming, S. Turnovsky and M. Kemp (1977). “On the Choice of Numeraire and Certainty Price in General Equilibrium Models of Price Uncertainty”. REStud; V.44-#3, pp. 573-583.

 

-R. Britto (1983). “A Basic Approach to the Choice of Numeraire in Models of Trade with Price Risk”. OEP; V.?-#?, pp. 81-88.

 

-J. Eaton (1979). “The Allocation of Resources in an Open Economy with Uncertain Terms of Trade”. IER; V.20-#2, pp. 391-403.

 

-E. van Wincoop (1992). “Terms of Trade Uncertainty, Savings, and the Production Structure”. JIE; V.33-#3/4, pp. 305-325.

 

b. Trade under Uncertainty in HOS Models

 

-R. Batra (1974). “Resource Allocation in a General Equilibrium Model of Production under Uncertainty”. JET; V.8-#?, pp. 50-63.

 

-M. Kemp (1976). “Some General Equilibrium Implications of Technological Uncertainty”. in M. Kemp, Three Topics in the Theory of International Trade. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 289-296.

 

-M. Kemp and C. Khang (1975). “A Convexity Property of the 2-by-2 Model of Production”. JIE; V.5-#?, pp. 255-261.

 

-E.S.H. Yu and C. Ingene (1986). “Resource Allocation in a General Equilibrium Model of Production under Uncertainty: The Case of Variable Supply of Labor”. JET; V.40-#?, pp. 329-337.

 

-R. Batra and W. Russell (1974). “Gains from Trade under Uncertainty”. AER; V.64-#6, pp. 1040-1048. (Comment by Hartman and response, AER V.66-#5, pp. 925-928)

 

-M. Kemp and M. Ohyama (1978). “The Gain From Trade under Conditions of Uncertainty”. JIE; V.8-#?, pp. 139-141.

 

-R. Batra (1975). “Production Uncertainty and the Heckscher-Ohlin Theorem”. REStud; V.42-#?, pp. 259-268.

 

-W. Mayer (1976). “The Rybczynski, Stolper-Samuelson, and Factor-Price Equalization Theorems under Price Uncertainty”. AER; V.66-#5, pp. 797-808.

 

-Y. Sakai (1978). “A Simple General Equilibrium Model of Production: Comparative Statics with Price Uncertainty”. JET; V.19-#?, pp. 287-306.

 

-M. Kemp, N.V. Long and K. Okuguchi (1981). “On the Possibility of Deriving Conclusions of Stolper-Samuelson Type when Commodity Prices are Random”. ESQ; V.32-#2, pp. 111-116.

 

c. Trade, Uncertainty and Asset Markets

 

-E. Helpman and A. Razin (1978). “Uncertainty and International Trade in the Presence of Stock Markets”. REStud; V.45-#?, pp. 239-250.

 

-E. Helpman and A. Razin (1978). “Welfare Aspects of International Trade in Goods and Securities”. QJE; V.92-#?, pp. 489-508. (Addendum in QJE, V.94-#?, pp. 615-618)

 

-D. Baron and R. Forsythe (1979). “Models of the Firm and International Trade under Uncertainty”. AER; V.69-#4, pp. 565-574.

 

-J. Anderson (1981). “The Heckscher-Ohlin and Travis-Vanek Theorems under Uncertainty”. JIE; V.11-#?, pp. 239-247.

 

-J. Pomery (1983). “Restricted Stock Markets in Simple General Equilibrium Models with Production Uncertainty”. JIE; V.15-#?, pp. 253-376.

 

-L. Young (1984). “Uncertainty and the Theory of International Trade in Long-run Equilibrium”. JET; V.32-#?, pp. 67-92.

 

-G. Grossman and A. Razin (1985). “The Pattern of Trade in a Ricardian Model with Country-Specific Uncertainty”. IER; V.26-#1, pp. 193-202.

 

-E. Helpman (1988). “Trade Patterns under Uncertainty with Country-Specific Shocks”. Etrica; V.56-#?, pp. 645-659.

 

-P. Svedberg (1990). “Technological Variability and Welfare in a High-Dimension Trade Model”. OEP; V.42-#?, pp. 688-694.

 

-J. Feeney (1994). “Goods and Asset Market Interdepencence in a Risky World”. IER; V.35-#3, pp. 551-563.

 

-A. Stockman and H. Dellas (1986). “Asset Markets, Tariffs, and Political Risk”. JIE; V.21-#?, pp. 199-213.

 

-H. Cole (1988). “Financial Structure and International Trade”. IER; V.29-#2, pp. 237-259.

 

-M. Barari and H. Lapan (1993). “Stochastic Trade Policy with Asset Markets: The Role of Tariff Structure”. JIE; V.35-#3/4, pp. 317-333.

 

-B. Dumas (1980). “The Theorems of International Trade under Generalized Uncertainty”. JIE; V.10-#?, pp. 481-498.

 

-E. Grinols (1985). “International Trade and Incomplete Markets”. Eca. V.52-#?, pp. 245-255.

 

-E. Grinols (1984). “Spot Market-Risk Market Interaction and the Protective Effect of a Tariff under Uncertainty”. EJ; V.94-#?, pp. 95-103.

 

-E. Grinols (1985). “Trade, Distortions, and Welfare under Uncertainty”. OEP; V.37-#?, pp. 362-374.

 

-Y. Ishii (1986). “Asymmetric Technological Uncertainty and International Trade in the Presence of Risk-Sharing Arrangements”. ZfN; V.46-#1, pp. 1-16.

 

-K. Hoff (1994). “A Reexamination of the Neoclassical Trade Model under Uncertainty”. JIE; V.36-#1/2, pp. 1-27.

 

-D. DeRosa (1992). “Increasing Export Diversification in Commodity Exporting Countries: A Theoretical Analysis”. IMFSP; V.39-#3, pp. 572-595.

 

-A. Razin and K.Y. Wong (1993). “International Capital Movements under Uncertainty”. in H. Herberg and N.V. Long, eds., Trade, Welfare and Economic Policies. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp. 301-324.

 

3. Equilibrium Analysis of International Portfolio Capital Mobility

 

a. International Asset Pricing Models

 

-B. Solnik (1974). “An Equilibrium Model of the International Capital Market”. JET; V.8-#?, pp. 500-524.

 

-R. Roll and B. Solnik (1977). “A Pure Foreign Exchange Asset Pricing Model”. JIE; V.7-#?, pp. 161-180.

 

-P.J.K. Kouri (1977). “International Investment and Interest Rate Linkages under Flexible Exchange Rates”. in R. Aliber, ed. The Political Economy of Monetary Reform. Montclair: Allanheld, pp. 76-96.

 

-P. Sercu (1980). “A Generalization of the International Asset Pricing Model”. Revue de l'Association Francaise de Finance; V.1-#?, pp. 91-135.

 

-R. Stulz (1981). “A Model of International Asset Pricing”. JFE; V.9-#?, pp. 383-406.

 

-R. Hodrick (1981). “International Asset Pricing with Time-Varying Risk Premia”. JIE; V.11-#?, pp. 573-577.

 

-S. Ross and M.W. Walsh (1983). “A Simple Approach to the Pricing of Risky Assets with Uncertain Exchange Rate”. Research in International Business and Finance; #3, pp. 39-54.

 

-M. Adler and B. Dumas (1983). “International Portfolio Choice and Corporation Finance: A Synthesis”. JF; V.38-#3, pp. 925-984.

 

-R. Stulz (1983). “The Determinants of Net Foreign Investment”. JFin; V.38-#?, pp. 459-468.

 

-R. Stulz (1984). “The Pricing of Capital Assets in an International Setting”. Journal of International Business Studies; V.?-#?, pp.

 

-S. Benninga and A. Protopapadakis (1988). “The Equilibrium Pricing of Exchange Rates and Assets when Trade Takes Time”. JIMF; V.7-#?, pp. 129-149.

 

-R. Uppal (1983). “A General Equilibrium Model of International Portfolio Choice”. JFin; V.48-#2, pp. 529-553.

 

-E. Grinols and S. Turnovsky (1994). “Exchange Rate Determination and Asset Prices in a Stochastic Small Open Economy”. JIE; V.36-#1/2, pp. 75-97.

 

-B. Solnik (1988). International Investments. Reading: Addison-Wesley.

 

-F. Black (1989). “Universal Hedging: Optimizing Currency Risk and Reward in International Equity Portfolio”. Financial Analysts Journal; V.45-#?, pp. 16-22.

 

-F. Black (1990). “Equilibrium Exchange Rate Hedging”. JFin; V.43-#?, pp. 899-908.

 

-M. Adler and B. Solnik (1990). “The Individuality of Universal Hedging”. Financial Analysts Journal; V.46-#?, pp. 7-8.

 

-M. Adler and B. Prasad (1992). “On Universal Currency Hedges”. JFQA; forth.

 

-B. Solnik (1993). “Currency Hedging and Siegel's Paradox: On Black's Universal Hedging Rule”. RIE; V.1-#2, pp. 180-187.

 

-A. Mello, J. Parsons, and A. Triantis (1995). “An Integrated Model of Multinational Flexibillity and Financial Hedging”. JIE; V.39-#1/2, pp. 27-51.

 

b. National Policy and International Asset Market Equilibrium

 

-F. Black (1974). “International Capital Market Equilibrium with Investment Barriers”. JFE; V.1-#?, pp. 337-352.

 

-F. Grauer, R. Litzenberger and R. Stehle (1976). “Sharing Rules and Equilibrium in an International Capital Market under Uncertainty”. JFE; V.3-#?, pp. 233-256.

 

-D. Hartman (1979) “Foreign Investment and Finance With Risk”, QJE, V.93-#2, pp. 213-232.

 

-R. Stulz (1981). “On the Effect of International Barriers to Investment”. JF; V.36-#?, pp. 923-934.

 

-V. Errunza and E. Losq (1985). “International Asset Pricing under Mild Segmentation: Theory and Test”. JFin; V.40-#?, pp. 105-124.

 

-V. Errunza and E. Losq (1989). “Capital Flow Controls, International Asset Pricing and Investors' Welfare: A Multi-Country Framework”. JFin; V.44-#?, pp. 1025-1037.

 

-I. Cooper and E. Kaplanis (1986). “Costs to Cross Border Investment and International Equity Market Equilibrium”. in J. Edwards, et al. eds. Recent Developments in Corporate Finance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 209-240.

 

-C. Eun and S. Janakiramanan (1986). “A Model of International Asset Pricing with a Contraint on Foreign Equity Ownership”. JFin; V.41-#?, pp. 897-914.

 

-P. Sellin and I. Werner (1993). “International Investment Barriers in General Equilibrium”. JIE; V.34-#1/2, pp. 137-151.

 

-B. Dumas (1992). “Dynamic Equilibrium and the Real Exchange Rate in a Spatially Separated World”. Review of Financial Studies; V.5-#2, pp. 153-180.

 

-R. Gordon (1986). “Taxation of Investment and Savings in a World Economy”. AER; V.76-#5, pp. 1086-1102.

 

-R. Gordon and H. Varian (1989). “Taxation of Asset Income in the Presence of a World Securities Market”. JIE; V.26-#?, pp. 205-226.

 

-I. Werner (1994). “Capital Income Taxation and International Portfolio Choice”. JPubE; V.53-#1, pp. 205-22.

 

4. Time and Uncertainty in Cash-in-Advance Models

 

a. General Analysis Cash-in-Advance Economies

 

-R. Clower (1967). “A Reconsideration of the Microfoundations of Money”. Western Economic Journal; V.6-#1, pp. 1-9.

 

-R. Lucas (1980). “Equilibrium in a Pure Currency Economy”. EcInq; V.18-#?, pp. 203-220.

 

-M. Kohn (1981). “In Defence of the Finance Constraint”. EcInq; V.19-#?, pp. 177-195.

 

-R. Lucas (1984). “Money in a Theory of Finance”. Carnegie-Rochester Series on Public Policy; V.21; pp. 9-45.

 

-L. Svensson (1985). “Money and Asset Prices in a Cash-in-Advance Economy”. JPE; V.93-#?, pp. 919-944.

 

-R. Lucas and N. Stokey (1987). “Money and Interest in a Cash-in-Advance Economy”. Etrica; V.55-#?, pp. 491-514.

 

-R. Hodrick, N. Kocherlakota and D. Lucas (1991). “The Variability of Velocity in Cash-in-Advance Models”. JPE; V.99-#2, pp. 358-384.

 

-A. Giovannini and P. Labadie (1991). “Asset Prices and Interest Rates in Cash-in-Advance Models”. JPE; V.99-#6, pp. 1215-1251.

 

b. Analysis of Open Cash-in-Advance Economies

 

-A. Stockman (1980). “A Theory of Exchange Rate Determination”. JPE; V.88-#?, pp. 673-698.

 

-M. Obstfeld (1981). “Macroeconomic Policy, Exchange-Rate Dynamics and Optimal Asset Accumulation”. JPE; V.89-#6, pp. 1142-1161.

 

-E. Helpman (1981). “An Exploration in the Theory of Exchange Rate Regimes”. JPE; V.89-#5, pp. 865-890.

 

-E. Helpman and A. Razin (1982). “A Comparison of Exchange Rate Regimes in the Presence of Imperfect Capital Markets”. IER; V.23-#?, pp. 365-388.

 

-E. Helpman and A. Razin (1984). “The Role of Saving and Investment in Exchange Rate Determination under Alternative Monetary Mechanisms”. JME; V.13-#?, pp. 307-325.

 

-R. Lucas (1982). “Interest Rates and Currency Prices in a Two-Country World”. JME; V.10-#?, pp. 335-359.

 

-R. Stulz (1984). “Currency Preferences, Purchasing Power Risks and the Determination of Exchange Rates in an Optimizing Model”. JMCB; V.16-#?, pp. 302-316.

 

-T. Persson (1984). “Real Transfers in Fixed Exchange Rate Systems and the International Adjustment Mechanism”. JME; V.13-#?, pp. 349-369.

 

-L. Svensson (1985). “Currency Prices, Terms of Trade and Interest Rates: A General Equilibrium Asset-Pricing Cash-in-Advance Approach”. JIE; V.18-#?, pp. 17-41.

 

-A. Stockman and L. Svensson (1987). “Capital Flows, Investment and Exchange Rates”. JME; V.19-#?, pp. 171-201.

 

-A. Stockman and A. Hernandez D. (1988). “Exchange Controls, Capital Controls and International Financial Markets”. AER; V.78-#3, pp. 362-374.

 

-L. Svensson (1989). “Trade in Nominal Assets: Monetary Policy, Price Level and Exchange Risk”. JIE; V.26-#1/2, pp. 1-28.

 

-T. Persson and L. Svensson (1989). “Exchange Rate Variability and Asset Trade”. JME; V.23-#?, pp. 485-509.

 

-A. Stockman and H. Dellas (1989). “International Portfolio Nondiversification and Exchange Rate Variability”. JIE; V.26-#?, pp. 271-289.

 

-M. Canzoneri (1989). “Adverse Incentives in the Taxation of Foreigners”. JIE; V.27-#?, pp. 283-297.

 

-A. Razin (1990). “Fiscal Policies and the Integrated World Stock Market”. JIE; V.29-#1/2, pp. 109-112.

 

-F. Canova and H. Dellas (1993). “Trade Interdependence and the International Business Cycle”. JIE; V.34-#1/2, pp. 23-47.

 

-D. Backus (1993). “Interpreting Comovements in the Trade Balance and the Terms of Trade”. JIE; V.34-#3/4, pp. 357-387.

 

-D. Backus and G. Smith (1993). “Consumption and Real Exchange Rates in Dynamic Economies with Non-Traded Goods”. JIE; V.35-#3/4, pp. 297-316.

 

-G. Bekaert (1994). “Exchange Rate Volatility and Deviations from Unbiasedness in a Cash-in-Advance Model”. JIE; V.36-#1/2, pp. 29-52.

 

5. Empirical Research on Integration of International Capital Markets

 

-M. Feldstein and C. Horioka (1980). “Domestic Saving and International Capital Flows”. EJ; V.90-#, pp. 314-329.

 

-M. Feldstein (1983). “Domestic Saving and International Capital Movements in the Long Run and the Short Run”. EER; V.21-#?, pp. 129-151.

 

-A. Harberger (1980). “Vignettes on the World Capital Market”. AER; V.70-#2, pp. 331-337.

 

-R. Murphy (1984). “Capital Mobility and the Relationship Between Saving and Investment in OECD Countries”. JIMF; V.3-#?, pp. 327-342.

 

-A. Penati and M. Dooley (1984). “Current Account Imbalances and Capital Formation in Industrial Countries”. IMFSP; V.31-#1, pp. 1-24.

 

-J. Frankel (1985). “International Capital Mobility and Crowding Out in the US Economy: Imperfect Integration of Financial Markets or of Goods Markets”. in R. Hafer, ed. How Open is the US Economy. Lexington: Lexington Books/Fed of Boston.

 

-M. Obstfeld (1986). “Capital Mobility in the World Economy: Theory and Measurement”. Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy; #24, pp. 55-104.

 

-M. Obstfeld (1989). “How Integrated are World Capital Markets? Some New Tests”. in G. Calvo, et al. eds. Debt, Stabilization and Development. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 134-159.

 

-M. Dooley, J. Frankel and D. Mathieson (1987). “International Capital Mobility: What Do Saving-Investment Correlations Tell Us”. IMFSP; V.34-#3, pp. 503-530.

 

-T. Bayoumi (1990). “Saving-Investment Correlations: Immobile Capital, Government Policy, or Endogenous Behavior”. IMFSP; V.37-#2, pp. 360-387.

 

-S. Golub (1990). “International Capital Mobility: Net versus Gross Stocks and Flows”. JIMF; V.9-#?, pp. 424-439.

 

-M. Feldstein and P. Bacchetta (1991). “National Saving and International Investment”. in B.D. Bernheim and J. Shoven, eds. National Saving and Economic Performance. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 201-220

 

-J. Frankel (1991). “Quantifying International Capital Mobility in the 1980s”. in B.D. Bernheim and J. Shoven, eds. National Saving and Economic Performance. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 227-260.

 

-L. Tesar (1991). “Savings, Investment and International Capital Flows”. JIE; V.31-#1/2, pp. 55-78.

 

-M. Baxter and M. Crucini (1993). “Explaining Saving-Investment Correlations”. AER; V.83-#3, pp. 416-436.

 

-L. Tesar (1993). “International Risk-Sharing and Non-traded Goods”. JIE; V.35-#1/2, pp. 69-89.

 

-P. Montiel (1994). “Capital Mobility in Developing Countries: Some Measurement Issues and Empirical Estimates”. WBER; V.8-#3, pp. 311-350.

 

-T. Bayoumi (1999). “Is There A World Capital Market?”. in H. Siebert, ed. Globalization and Labor. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck/Institut für Weltwirtschaft, pp. 65-86.

 

6. Political Economy of Sovereign Debt

 

-D. Cohen (1991). Private Lending to Sovereign States: A Theoretical Autopsy. Cambridge: MIT Press.

 

a. Basic Economics of Debt: Magnitude and Sustainability

 

-J. Eaton and M. Gersovitz (1981). “Debt with Potential Repudiation: Theoretical and Empirical Analysis”. REStud; V.48-#2, pp. 289-309.

 

-J. Eaton and M. Gersovitz (1980). “LDC Participation in International Financial Markets: Debt and Reserves”. JDevE; V.7-#1, pp. 3-21.

 

-J. Eaton and M. Gersovitz (1981). “Poor-Country Borrowing in Private Financial Markets and the Repudiation Issue”. Princeton Studies in International Finance; #47.

 

-J. Eaton and M. Gersovitz (1989). “Country Risk and the Organization of International Capital Transfer”. in G. Calvo, et al. eds. Debt, Stabilization and Development. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 109-129.

 

-J. Morgan (1987). “A Note on Eaton and Gersovitz's Model of Borrowing”. JDevE; V.25-#?, pp. 251-261.

 

-J. Sachs (1984). “Theoretical Issues in International Borrowing”. Princeton Studies in International Finance; #54.

 

-K. Kletzer (1984). “Asymmetries of Information and LDC Borrowing with Soverieign Risk”. EJ; V.94-#?, pp. 287-307.

 

-J. Aizenman (1989). “Country Risk, Incomplete Information and Taxes on International Borrowing”. EJ; V.99-#?, pp. 147-161.

 

-K. Kletzer and P. Bardhan (1987). “Credit Markets and Patterns of International Trade”. JDevE; V.27-#?, pp. 57-70.

 

-J. Eaton, M. Gersovitz and J. Stiglitz (1986). “The Pure Theory of Country Risk”. EER; V.30-#?, pp. 481-513.

 

-D. Cohen and J. Sachs (1986). “Growth and External Debt under Risk of Debt Repudiation”. EER; V.30-#?, pp. 529-560.

 

-J. Bhandari, N. ul Haque and S. Turnovsky (1990). “Growth, External Debt, and Sovereign Risk in a Small Open Economy”. IMFSP; V.37-#2, pp. 388-417.

 

-M. Gertler and K. Rogoff (1990). “North-South Lending and Endogenous Capital Market Inefficiencies”. JMonE; V.26-#?, pp. 245-266.

 

-E. Borzenstein and A. Ghosh (1989). “Foreign Borrowing and Export Promotion Policies”. IMFSP; V.36-#4, pp. 904-933.

 

-I. Diwan and S. Donnenfeld (1986). “Trade Policy, Foreign Investment and Potential Repudiation”. Studies in Banking and Finance; V.3-#?, pp. 83-96.

 

-M.S. Khan and N. ul Haque (1985). “Foreign Borrowing and Capital Flight”. IMFSP; V.32-#4, pp. 606-628.

 

-I. Diwan (1989). “Foreign Debt, Crowding Out and Capital Flight”. JIMF; V.8-#1, pp. 121-136.

 

-A. Alesina and G. Tabellini (1989). “External Debt, Capital Flight and Political Risk”. JIE; V.27-#?, pp. 199-220.

 

-S. Özler and D. Rodrik (1992). “External Shocks, Politics and Private Investment”. JDevE; V.39-#?, pp. 141-162.

 

-P. Sarkar (1991). “Debt Crisis of the LDCs and the Transfer Debate Once Again”. JDevtStud; V.27-#4, pp. 84-101.

 

-K. Basu (1992). “The International Debt Problem, Credit Rationing and Loan Pushing: Theory and Experience”. Princeton Studies in International Finance; #70.

 

-D. Rowlands (1993). “Constitutional Rules, Reputation, and Sovereign Debt”. JIE; V.35-#3/4, pp. 335-350.

 

b. Analysis of Sovereign Debt Contracts: Structure and Process

 

-V. Crawford (1987). “International Lending, Long Term Credit Relationships, and Dynamic Contract Theory”. Princeton Studies in International Finance. #59.

 

-H. Grossman and J. van Huyck (1988). “Sovereign Debt as a Contingent Claim: Excusable Default, Repudiation and Reputation”. AER; V.78-#5, pp. 1088-1097.

 

-J. Aizenman and E. Borzenstein (1988). “Debt and Conditionality under Endogenous Terms of Trade Adjustment”. IMFSP; V.35-#4, pp. 686-713.

 

-J. Bulow and K. Rogoff (1989). “Sovereign Debt: Is to Forgive to Forget”. AER; V.70-9-#1, pp. 43-50.

 

-J. Bulow and K. Rogoff (1989). “A Constant Recontracting Model of Sovereign Debt”. JPE; V.97-#1, pp. 155-178.

 

-J. Bulow and K. Rogoff (1988). “Multilateral Negotiations for Rescheduling Developing Country Debt”. IMFSP; V.35-#?, pp. 644-657.

 

-D. Gale and M. Helwig (1989). “Repudiation and Renegotiation: The Case of Sovereign Debt”. IER; V.30-#1, pp. 3-31.

 

-K. Kletzer (1989). “Sovereign Debt Renegotiation under Asymmetric Information”. in J. Frenkel, et al. eds. Analytical Issues in Debt. Washington, DC: IMF, pp. 208-241.

 

-R. Fernandez and R. Rosenthal (1990). “Strategic Models of Sovereign-Debt Renegotiations”. REStud; V.57-#?, pp. 331-349.

 

-B. Armendariz de Aghion (1990). “International Debt: An Explanation of the Commercial Banks' Lending Behavior After 1982". JIE; V. 28-#1/2, pp. 173-186.

 

-R. Rosenthal (1991). “On the Incentives Associated with Sovereign Debt”. JIE; V.30-#1/2, pp. 167-176.

 

-A. Atkeson (1991). “International Lending with Moral Hazard and Risk of Repudiation”. Etrica; V.59-#4, pp. 1069-1089.

 

-J. Thomas (1992). “Sovereign Debt: Ignorance Can be Bliss”. JDevE; V.39-#?, pp. 389-396.

 

-H. Cole, J. Dow and W. English (1995). “Default, Settlement, and Signalling: Lending Resumption in a Reputational Model of Sovereign Debt”. IER; V.36-#2, pp. 365-385.

 

-R. Fernandez and J. Glazer (1990). “The Scope for Collusive Behavior Among Debtor Countries”. JDevE; V.32-#?, pp. 297-313.

 

-J. Caskey (1989). “The IMF and Concerted Lending in Latin American Debt Restructurings: A Formal Analysis”. Journal of International Money and Finance; V.8-#1, pp. 105-120.

 

-R. Fernandez and D. Kaaret (1992). “Bank Heterogeneity, Reputation and Renegotiation”. IER; V.33-#1, pp. 61-78.

 

-I. Diwan (1990). “Linking Trade and External Debt Strategies”. JIE; V.29-#3/4, pp. 293-310.

 

-J. Aizenman (1991). “Trade Dependency, Bargaining and External Debt”. JIE; V.31-#1/2, pp. 101-120.

 

-M. O'Hara (1990). “Financial Contracts and International Lending”. Journal of Banking Finance; V.14-#1, pp. 11-31.

 

-D. Jaffee and T. Russell (1976). “Imperfect Information, Uncertainty and Credit Rationing”. QJE; V.90-#?, pp. 651-666. (Comment and response QJE (1984) V.99-#4, pp. 841-872.)

 

-D. Foley and M. Helwig (1975). “A Note on the Budget Constraint in a Model of Borrowing”. JET; V.11-#?, pp. 305-314.

 

-M. Helwig (1977). “A Model of Borrowing and Lending with Bankruptcy”. Etrica; V.45-#8, pp. 1879-1906.

 

-R. Townsend (1978). “Optimal Contracts and Competitive Markets with Costly State Verifications”. JET; V.21-#?, pp. 417-425.

 

-D. Diamond and P. Dybvig (1983). “Bank Runs, Deposit Insurance, and Liquidity”. JPE; V.91-#3, pp. 401-419.

 

-D. Diamond (1984). “Financial Intermediation and Delegated Monitoring”. REStud; V.51-#?, pp. 393-414.

 

-D. Diamond (1989). “Reputation Acquisition in Debt Markets”. JPE; V.97-#4, pp. 828-862.

 

-D. Diamond (1991). “Monitoring and Reputation: The Choice Between Bank Loans and Directly Placed Debt”. JPE; V.99-#4, pp. 689-721.

 

-J. Thomas and T. Worrall (1990). “Income Fluctuation and Asymmetric Information: An Example of a Repeated Principle-Agent Relationship”. JET; V.51-#?, pp. 367-390.

 

-J. Stiglitz and A. Weiss (1981). “Credit Rationing in Markets with Imperfect Information”. AER; V.71-#3, pp. 393-410.

 

-H. Bester (1985). “Screening versus Rationing in Credit Markets with Imperfect Information”. AER; V.75-#?, pp. 850-855.

 

-D. DeMeza and D. Webb (1987). “Too Much Investment: A Problem of Asymmetric Information”. QJE, V.102-#?, pp. 281-292.

 

c. Empirical Research on Sovereign Debt

 

(1) Debt Capacity and Sovereign Risk

 

-D. McDonald (1982). “Debt Capacity and Developing Country Borrowing: A Survey of the Literature”. IMFSP; V.29-#4, pp. 603-646.

 

-C. Frank and W. Cline (1971). “Measurement of Debt Servicing Capacity: An Application of Discriminant Analysis”. JIE; V.1-#?, pp. 327-344.

 

-G. Feder and R. Just (1977). “An Analysis of Credit Terms in the Eurodollar Market”. EER; V.9-#?, pp. 221-243.

 

-G. Feder and R. Just (1977). “A Study of Debt Servicing Capacity Applying Logit Analysis”. JDevE; V.4-#?, pp. 25-38..

 

-G. Feder and R. Just (1979). “A Model for Analyzing Lender's Perceived Risk”. Applied Economics; V.12-#?, pp. 125-144.

 

-G. Feder (1980). “Economic Growth, Foreign Loans, and Debt Servicing Capacity”. JDevStud; V.16-#3, pp. 352-368.

 

-G. Feder, R. Just and K. Ross (1981). “Projecting Debt Servicing Capacity of Developing Countries”. JFQA; V.16-#?, pp. 651-669.

 

-J. Morgan (1985). “A New Look at Debt Rescheduling Indicators and Models”. Journal of International Business Studies; V.17-#2, pp. 37-54.

 

-F. Burton and H. Inoue (1985). “The Influence of Country Risk Factors on Interest Rate Differentials on International Bank Lending to Sovereign Borrowers”. Applied Economics; V.17-#?, pp. 491-507.

 

-S. Edwards (1984). “LDC Foreign Borrowing and Default Risk: An Empirical Investigation--1976-1980". AER; V.74-#4, pp. 726-734.

 

-S. Edwards (1986). “The Pricing of Bonds and Bank Loans in International Markets: An Empirical Analysis of Developing Countries' Foreign Borrowing”. EER; V.30-#?, pp. 565-589.

 

-M. Melvin and D. Schlagenhauf (1989). “Sovereign Risk in International Lending: Some Theory and Evidence from the Secondary Bond Market”. Journal of International Finance;

 

-A. Berg and J. Sachs (1988). “The Debt Crisis: Structural Explanations of Country Performance”. JDevE; V.29-#3, pp. 271-306.

 

-S. Özler (1992). “Evolution of Credit Terms: An Empirical Study of Commercial Bank Lending to Developing Countries”. JDevE; V.38-#?, pp. 79-97.

 

-S. Özler (1993). “Have Commercial Banks Ignored History?”. AER; V.83-#3, pp. 608-620.

 

(2) Valuation of Sovereign Debt

 

-G. Gennotte, H. Kharas and S. Sadeq (1987). “A Valuation Model for Developing Country Debt with Endogenous Rescheduling”. WBER; V.1-#2, pp. 237-271.

 

-L. Bartolini and A. Dixit (1991). “Market Valuation of Illiquid Debt and Implications for Conflicts among Creditors”. IMFSP; V.38-#4, pp. 828-849.

 

-D. Cohen (1993). “A Valuation Formula for LDC Debt”. JIE; V.34-#1/2, pp. 167-180.

 

(3) Effect of Debt Crisis on Banks

 

-J. Sachs and H. Huzinga (1987). “US Commercial Banks and the Developing-Country Debt Crisis”. BPEA; 1987:2, pp. 556-601.

 

-B. Cornell and A. Shapiro (1986). The Reaction of Bank Stock Prices to the International Debt Crisis”. Journal of Banking and Finance; V.10-#?, pp. 55-73.

 

-R. Bruner and J. Simms (1987). “The International Debt Crisis and Bank Security Returns in 1982". JMCB; V.19-#1, pp. 46-55.

 

-S. Özler (1989). “On the Relation Between Reschedulings and Bank Values”. AER; V.79-#5, pp. 1117-1131.

 

(4) Effect of Debt Crisis on Borrowers

 

-J. Sachs (1985). “External Debt and Macroeconomic Performance in Latin America and East Asia”. BPEA; 1985/2, pp. 523-574.

 

-J. Sachs (1989). “The Debt Overhang of Developing Countries”. in G. Calvo, et al. eds. Debt, Stabilization and Development. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 80-102.

 

-D. Cohen (1993). “Low Investment and Large LDC Debt in the 1980's”. AER; V.83-#3, pp. 437-449.

 

(5) Historical and Current Affairs

 

-C. Hardy (1979). “Commercial Bank Lending to Developing Countries: Supply Constraints”. World Development; V.7-#?, pp. 189-197.

 

-E. Bacha and C. Diaz-Alejandro (1982). “International Financial Intermediation: A Long and Tropical View”. Princeton Essays in International Finance; #147.

 

-E. Brau et al. (1983). “Recent Multilateral Debt Restructurings with Official and Bank Creditors”. IMF Occasional Paper; #25.

 

-D. Suratgar, ed. (1984). Default and Rescheduling: Corporate and Sovereign Borrowers. Washington, DC: Euromoney Publication/ International Law Institute.

 

-D. Folkerts-Landau (1985). “The Changing Role of International Bank Lending in Development Finance”. IMFSP; V.32-#?, pp. 317-363.

 

-G. Smith and J. Cuddington, eds. (1985). International Debt and the Developing Countries. Washington, DC: The World Bank.

 

J. Sachs, ed. (1989). Developing Country Debt and Economic Performance (3 volumes). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

 

-R. Devlin (1989). Debt and Crisis in Latin America: The Supply Side of the Story. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

 

-M. El-Erain (1992). “Restoration of Access to Voluntary Captial Market Financing: The Recent Latin American Experience”. IMFSP; V.39-#1, pp. 175-194.

 

-B. Eichengreen and R. Portes (1986). “Debt and Default in the 1930s: Causes and Consequences”. EER; V.30-#?, pp. 599-640.

 

-B. Eichengreen and R. Portes (1989). “Settling Defaults in the Era of Bond Finance”. WBER; V.3-#2, pp. 211-239.

 

-B. Eichengreen and P. Lindert, eds. (1989). The International Debt Crisis in Historical Perspective. Cambridge: MIT.

 

d. Debt Relief

 

-W.M. Corden (1988). “An International Debt Facility?” IMFSP; V.35-#?, pp. 401-421.

 

-W.M. Corden (1988). “Debt Relief and Adjustment Incentives”. IMFSP; V.35-#?, pp. 628-643.

 

-J. Bulow and K. Rogoff (1988). “The Buyback Boondoggle”. BPEA; #2, pp. 674-704.

 

-J. Bulow and K. Rogoff (1990). “Cleaning Up the Debt Crisis without Getting Taken to the Cleaners”. Journal of Economic Perspectives; V.4-#1, pp. 31-42.

 

-J. Bulow and K. Rogoff (1991). “Sovereign Debt Repurchases: No Cure for Overhang”. QJE; V.106-#4, pp. 1219-1235.

 

-M. Dooley (1988). “Buy-backs and Market Valuation of External Debt”. IMFSP; V.35-#2, pp. 215-229.

 

-M. Dooley (1988). Self-Financed Buybacks and Asset Exchanges”. IMFSP; V.35-#4, pp. 714-722.

 

-P. Krugman (1988). “Financing vs. Forgiving a Debt Overhang”. JDevE; V.29-#3, pp. 253-268.

 

-E. Helpman (1989). “Voluntary Debt Reduction: Incentives and Welfare”. IMFSP; V.36-#3, pp. 580-611.

 

-E. Helpman (1989). “The Simple Analytics of Debt-Equity Swaps”. AER; V.79-#3, pp. 440-451.

 

-K. Froot (1989). “Buybacks, Exit Bonds, and the Optimality of Debt and Liquidity Relief”. IER; V.30-#1, pp. 49-70.

 

-K. Froot, D. Scharfstein and J. Stein (1989). “LDC Debt: Forgiveness, Indexation and Investment Incentives”. JFin; V.44-#5, pp. 1335-1349.

 

-M. Dooley (1989). “Debt Relief and Leveraged Buy Outs”. IER; V.30-#?, pp. 71-84.

 

-M. Dooley and E. Helpman (1992). “Tax Credits for Debt Reduction”. JIE; V.32-#1/2, pp. 165-177.

 

-J. Frenkel, M. Dooley and P. Wickham, eds (1989). Analytical Issues in Debt. Washington, DC: IMF.

 

-I. Husain and I. Diwan, eds. (1989). Dealing with the Debt Crisis. Washington, DC: The World Bank.

 

-P. Kenen (1990). “Organizing Debt Relief: The Need for a New Institution”. Journal of Economic Perspectives; V.4-#1, pp. 7-18.

 

-J. Sachs (1990). “A Strategy for Efficient Debt Reduction”. Journal of Economic Perspectives; V.4-#1, pp. 19-29.

 

-J. Eaton (1990). “Debt Relief and the International Enforcement of Loan Contracts”. Journal of Economic Perspectives; V.4-#1, pp. 43-56.

 

-S. Claessens and I. Diwan (1990). “Investment Incentives: New Money, Debt Relief, and the Critical Role of Conditionality in the Debt Crisis”. WBER; V.4-#1, pp. 21-41.

 

-D. Cohen (1990). “Debt Relief: Implications of Secondary Market Discounts and Debt Overhang”. WBER; V.4-#1, pp. 43-53.

 

-S. van Wijnbergen (1990). “Cash/Debt Buy-Backs and the Insurance Value of Reserves”. JIE; V.29-#1/2, pp. 121-131.

 

-R. Giammarino and E. Nosal (1991). “Debt Overhang and the Efficiency of International Rescheduling”. in S. Khoury, ed. Recent Developments in International Banking and Finance (V.4 and 5). Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 495-523.

 

-J. Rotemberg (1991). “Sovereign Debt Buybacks can Lower Bargaining Costs”. JIMF; V.10-#?, pp. 330-348.

 

-G. Calvo and G. Kaminsky (1991). “Debt Relief and Debt Rescheduling: The Optimal Contract Approach”. JDevE; V.36-#?, pp. 5-36.

 

-E. Schwartz and S. Zurita (1992). “Sovereign Debt: Optimal Contract, Underinvestment and Forgiveness”. JFin; V.47-#3, pp. 981-1004.

 

-L. Goldberg and M. Spiegel (1992). “Debt Write-downs and Debt-Equity Swaps in a Two-Sector Model”. JIE; v.33-#3/4, pp. 267-283.

 

-I. Diwan and K. Kletzer (1992). “Voluntary Choices in Concerted Debt Deals: Mechanics and Attributes of the Menu Approach to LDC Debt”. WBER; V.6-#?, pp. 91-109.

 

-R. Wells (1993). “Tolerance of Arrearages: How IMF Loan Policy Can Affect Debt Reduction”. AER; V.83-#3, pp. 621-633.

 

-S. Acharya and I. Diwan (1993). “Debt Buybacks Signal Sovereign Countries' Creditworthiness: Theory and Tests”. IER; V.34-#4, pp. 795-817.

 

-A. Velasco and F. Larrain (1993). “The Basic Macroeconomics of Debt Swaps”. OEP; V.45-#?, pp. 207-228.

 

-E. Detragiache (1994). “Sensible Buybacks of Sovereign Debt”. JDevE; V.43-#?, pp. 317-333.

 

-D. Cohen and T. Verdier (1995). “‘Secret’ Buy-Backs of LDC Debt”. JIE; V.39-#3/4, pp. 317-334.

 

-J. Fernandez-Ruiz (1996). “Debt and Incentives in a Dynamic Context”. JIE; V.41-#1/2, pp. 139-151.

 

e. Political-Economic Analysis of Debt

 

-J.D. Aronson, ed. (1979). Debt and the Less Developed Countries. Boulder: Westview Press.

 

-J. Frieden (1981). “Third World Indebted Industrialization: International Finance and State Capitalism in Mexico, Brazil, Algeria and South Korea”. IO; V.35-#3, pp. 407-431.

 

-C. Lipson (1981). “The International Organization of Third World Debt”. IO; V.35-#4, pp. 603-631.

 

-C. Lipson (1985). “Bankers' Dilemmas: Private Cooperation in Rescheduling Sovereign Debts”. WP; V.38-#?, pp. 200-225.

 

-M. Kahler, ed. (1986). The Politics of International Debt. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

 

-W. Buiter and T.N. Srinivasan (1987). “Rewarding the Profligate and Punishing the Poor: Some Recent Proposals for Debt Relief”. World Development; V.?-#?, pp. 411-418.

 

-J. Frieden (1987). Banking on the World: The Politics of American International Finance. New York: Harper and Row.

 

-J. Frieden (1988). “Capital Politics: Creditors and the International Political Economy”. Journal of Public Policy; V.8-#3/4, pp.

 

-M. Pastor (1989). “Latin America, Debt Crisis and the IMF”. Latin American Perspectives; V.16-#60, pp. 790-810.

 

-M. Pastor and G. Dymski (1990). “Debt Crisis and Class Conflict in Latin America”. Review of Radical Political Economics; V.22-#1, pp. 155-178.

 

-E.B. Kapstein (1992). “Between Power and Purpose: Central Bankers and the Poltics of Regulatory Convergence”. IO; V.46-#1, pp. 265-287.

 

-J. Frieden (1992). Debt, Development and Democracy: Modern Political Economy and Latin America, 1965-1985. Princeton: PUP.

 

D. The Political-Economy of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

 

1. Overviews/Surveys

 

-R. Caves (1983/1996) Multinational Enterprise and Economic Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

 

-N. Hood and S. Young (1979) The Economics of the Multinational Enterprise. London: Longman.

 

-J. Dunning (1983). “Changes in the Level and Structure of International Production: The Last 100 Years”. in M. Casson, ed. The Growth of International Business. London: Allen and Unwin, pp. 84-139.

 

-C.F. Bergsten, T. Horst and T. Moran (1978) American Multinationals and American Interests. Washington D.C.: Brookings.

 

-D. Julius (1990). Global Companies and Public Policy: The Growing Challenge of Foriegn Direct Investment. London: RIIA.

 

-J. Alworth (1988). The Finance, Investment and Taxation Decisions of Multinationals. Oxford: Blackwell.

 

-J. Markusen (1995). “The Boundaries of Multinational Enterprises and the Theory of International Trade”. JecPerspectives; V.9-#2, pp. 169-189.

 

2. Approaches to the Economics of FDI

 

a. Capital Arbitrage and General Neoclassical Models of FDI

 

H. Grubel (1968). “Internationally Diversified Portfolios: Welfare Gains and Capital Flows”. AER. V.58-#?, pp. 1299-1314.

 

-G.V.G. Stevens (1969). “Fixed Investment Expenditures of Foreign Manufacturing Affiliates of U.S. Firms: Theoretical Models and Empirical Evidence”. Yale Economic Essays; V.9-#?, pp. 137-198.

 

-J.D. Richardson (1971). “Theoretical Considerations in the Analysis of Foreign Direct Investment”. Western Economic Journal; V.9-#?, pp. 87-98.

 

-S.Y. Kwak (1972). “A Model of US Direct Investment Abroad: A Neoclassical Approach”. Western Economic Journal; V.10-#?, pp. 376-383.

 

-F. Machlup, W. Salant and L. Tarshis, eds. (1972) International Mobility and Movement of Capital; New York: Columbia University Press/NBER.

 

-E.J. Ray (1977). “Foreign Direct Investment in Manufacturing”. JPE; V.85-#2, pp. 283-297.

 

-D. Goldsbrough (1979). “The Role of Foreign Direct Investment in the External Adjustment Process”. IMFSP; V.26-#4, pp. 725-754.

 

-R. Herring and T. Willett (1973). “The Relationship Between US Direct Investment at Home and Abroad”. Revista Internazionale di Scienze Economiche e Commerciali; V.20-#?, pp. 72-80.

 

-M.S. Noorzoy (1980). “Flows of Direct Investment and their Effects on US Domestic Investment”. EcLets; V.5-#?, pp. 311-317.

 

-G.V.G. Stevens and R. Lipsey (1992). “Interactions Between Domestic and Foreign Investment”. Journal of International Money and Finance; V.11-#1, pp. 40-62.

 

b. Market Power Models of FDI: The HKC Model

 

(1) Theoretical Analyses

 

-S. Hymer (1960). The International Operations of National Firms: A Study Of Direct Foreign Investment. Cambridge: MIT Press.

 

-C.P. Kindleberger (1969). American Business Abroad. New Haven: Yale University Press. (especially, pp. 1-36).

 

-R. Caves (1971). “International Corporations: The Industrial Economics of Foreign Investment”. Eca; V.38-#149, pp. 1-27.

 

-R. Caves (1974) “Multinational Firms, Competition, and Productivity in Host Countries”, Eca, V.38-#162, pp. 176-193.

 

-G. Ragazzi (1973). “Theories of the Determinants of Direct Foreign Investment”. IMFSP; V.?-#?, pp. 471-498.

 

-P. Krugman (1983). “The ‘New Theories’ of International Trade and the Multinational Enterprise”. in C. Kindleberger and D. Audretsch, eds. The Multinational Corporation in the 1980s. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 57-73.

 

(2)

Empirical Research

 

-S. Lall and N.S. Siddharthan (1982). “Monopolistic Advantages of Multinationals: Lessons from Foreign Investment in the US”. EJ; V.92-#?, pp. 668-683.

 

-K.C. Gaspari (1983). “Foreign Market Operations and Domestic Market Power”. in C. Kindleberger, ed. The Multinational Corporation in the 1980's. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 77-102.

 

-D. Shapiro (1983). “Entry, Exit, and the Theory of the Multinational Corporation”. in C. Kindleberger, ed. The Multinational Corporation in the 1980's. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 103-122.

 

-D. McClain (1983). “Foreign Direct Investment in the US: Old Currents, 'New Waves', and the Theory of Direct Investment”. in C. Kindleberger, ed. The Multinational Corporation in the 1980's. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 278-333.

 

-G. Norman and J. Dunning (1984) “Intra-Industry Foreign Direct Investment: Its Rationale and Trade Effects”; WA, V.120-#?, pp. 522-539.

 

-J. Dunning and G. Norman (1985). “Intra-Industry Production as a Form of International Economic Involvement: An Exploratory Analysis”. in A. Erdilek, ed. Multinationals a Mutual Invaders: Intra-Industry Direct Foreign Investment. London: ?, pp. 9-29.

 

-A. Benvignati (1987). “Domestic Profit Advantages of Multinational Firms.” Journal of Business. V.60-#3, pp.449-461.

 

-S. Lall and N.S. Siddharthan (1982). “Monopolistic Advantages of Multinationals: Lessons from Foreign Investment in the US”. EJ; V.92-#?, pp. 668-683.

 

-K.C. Gaspari (1983). “Foreign Market Operations and Domestic Market Power”. in C. Kindleberger, ed. The Multinational Corporation in the 1980's. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 77-102.

 

-D. Shapiro (1983). “Entry, Exit, and the Theory of the Multinational Corporation”. in C. Kindleberger, ed. The Multinational Corporation in the 1980's. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 103-122.

 

-D. McClain (1983). “Foreign Direct Investment in the US: Old Currents, 'New Waves', and the Theory of Direct Investment”. in C. Kindleberger, ed. The Multinational Corporation in the 1980's. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 278-333.

 

-G. Norman and J. Dunning (1984) “Intra-Industry Foreign Direct Investment: Its Rationale and Trade Effects”; WA, V.120-#?, pp. 522-539.

 

-J. Dunning and G. Norman (1985). “Intra-Industry Production as a Form of International Economic Involvement: An Exploratory Analysis”. in A. Erdilek, ed. Multinationals a Mutual Invaders: Intra-Industry Direct Foreign Investment. London: ?, pp. 9-29.

 

-A. Benvignati (1987). “Domestic Profit Advantages of Multinational Firms.” Journal of Business. V.60-#3, pp.449-461.

 

c. Strategic Interaction Among MNEs

 

(1) Theory

 

-R. Caves (1977), “International Cartels and Monopolies in International Trade”, Dornbusch and Frenkel, pp 39-75; part I only (pp. 39-52).

 

-M. Casson (1980) “Foreign Investment and Economic Warfare: Internalizing the Implementation of Threats”. in Casson, The Firm and the Market, Chapter 3.

 

-M. Casson (1985). “Multinational Monopolies and International Cartels”. in Buckley and Casson, pp. 60-97.

 

-S. Hirsch (1976). “An International Trade and Investment Theory of the Firm”, OEP, V.28-#?. pp.258-270.

 

-M. Casson and G. Norman (1983) “Pricing and Sourcing Strategies in a Multinational Oligopoly”; in Casson, ed. The Growth of International Business. pp. 63-83.

 

-G. Norman and N. Nichols (1982). “Dynamic Market Strategy under Threat of Competitive Entry: An Analysis of the Pricing and Production Policies Open to the Multinational Company”. Journal of Industrial Economics; V.31-#1/2, pp. 153-174.

 

-R. Grosse (1985). “An Imperfect Competition Theory of the MNE”. JIBS; V.?-#?, pp. 57-80.

 

-A. Smith (1987). “Strategic Investment, Multinational Corporations and Trade Policy”. EER; V.31-#?, pp. 89-96.

 

-I. Horstmann and J. Markusen (1987). “Strategic Investments and the Development of Multinationals”. IER, V.28-#1, pp. 109-121.

 

-I. Horstman and J. Markusen (1989). “Firm Specific Assets and the Gains from Direct Foreign Investment”. Eca; V.56-#221, pp. 41-48.

 

-J. Slemrod (1991). “Competitive Advantage and the Optimal Tax Treatment of the Foreign Source Income of Multinationals: The Case of the US and Japan”. American Journal of Tax Policy; V.9-#?, pp. 113-143.

 

-U. Walz (1991). “Tariff and Quota Policy for a Multinational Corporation in an Oligopolistic Setting”. Rivista Internazionale di Scienze Economiche e Commerciali; V.38-#8, pp. 699-718.

 

-M. Motta (1992). “Multinational Firms and the Tariff-Jumping Argument: A Game Theoretic Analysis with Some Unconventional Conclusions”. EER; V.36-#?, pp. 1557-1571.

 

-S. Levy and S. Nolan (1992). “Trade and Foreign Investment Policies under Imperfect Competition: Lessons for Developing Countries”. JDevE; V.37-#?, pp. 31-62.

 

-J. Levinsohn and J. Slemrod (1993). “Taxes, Tariffs and the Global Corporation”. JPubE; V.51-#1, pp. 97-116.

 

-R. Rowthorn (1992). “Intra-Industry Trade and Investment under Oligopoly: The Role of Market Size”. EJ; V.102-#2, pp, 402-414.

 

-P. Barros (1994). “Market Equilibrium Effects of Incentives to Foreign Direct Investment”. EcLets; V.44-#?, pp. 153-157.

 

-F. Sanna-Randaccio (1996). “New Protectionism and Multinational Companies”. JIE; V.41-#1/2, pp. 29-51.

 

-T. Greaney (1997). “A Model of Decentralized Multinational Investment in Product Development Activities”. Japan and the World Economy; V.9-#3, pp. 315-333.

 

-S. Roy and J.-M. Viaene (1998). “On Strategic Vertical Foreign Investment”. JIE; V.46-#2, pp. 253-279.

 

-A. Jacquemin (1989). “International Multinational Strategic Behavior”. KYKLOS; V.42-#4, pp. 495-513.

 

-S. Hargreaves-Heap and K. Hughes (1990). “Strategic Uncertainty and Multinationality”. Economic Notes; V.?-#3, pp. 417-428

 

-R. deBondt, L. Sleuwagen and R. Veugelers (1988). “Innovative Strategic Groups in Multinational Industries”. EER; V.32-#?, pp. 905-925.

 

-M. Ferrantino (1991). “Appropriate Technology in a Model of Multinational Duopoly”. CJE; V.24-#3, pp. 660-678.

 

(2) Evidence

 

-F.T. Knickerbocker (1973), Oligopolistic Reaction and Multinational Enterprise, Cambridge: Graduate School of Business Administration, Harvard University.

 

-E.B. Flowers (1976). “Oligopolistic Reactions in European and Canadian Direct Investment in the US”. Journal of International Business Studies; V.7-#3, pp. 43-55.

 

-E. Graham (1978). “Transatlantic Investment by Multinational Firms: A Rivalistic Phenomenon”. Journal of Post-Keynesian Economics; V.1-#1, pp. 82-99.

 

-E. Graham (1981). “Intra-Industry Direct Foreign Investment, Market Structure, Firm Rivalry and Technological Performance”. in A. Erdilek, ed. Multinationals as Mutual Invaders. London:?, pp. 67-96.

 

-E. Graham (1989). “Strategic Interaction Among Multinational Firms and International Direct Investment”. in C.N. Pitelis and R. Sugden, eds. The Nature of the Transnational Firm. London: Routledge, Chapman and Hall.

 

-C.M. Yu and K. Ito (1988). “Oligopolistic Reaction and Foreign Direct Investment: The Case of the US Tire and Textile Industries”. Journal of International Business Studies. V.19-#3, pp. 449-460.

 

-N. Acocella (1991). “Strategic Foreign Direct Investment in the EC”. Economic Notes; V.20-#2, pp. 279-302.

 

-T. Moran (1973), “Foreign Expansion as an `Institutional Necessity' for U.S. Corporate Capitalism”, World Politics, V.25-#3, pp. 369-386.

 

-S. Hymer and R. Rowthorn (1970) “Multinational Corporations and International Oligopoly: The Non-American Challenge,” in Kindleberger, The International Corporation, pp. 57-91.

 

-R. Rowthorn (1971), “Imperialism in the 1970's--Unity or Rivalry”, New Left Review, #69, pp. 31-51.

 

-L.G. Franko (1978), “Multinationals: The End of U.S. Dominance?”, Harvard Business Review: V.56-#?, pp. 93- 101.

 

d. Economic Flexibility and the Advantages of Multinationality

 

-R. Aliber (1970), “A Theory of Direct Foreign Investment”, Kindleberger, The International Corporation, Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 17-34.

 

-R. Aliber (1971). “The Multinational Enterprise in a Multicurrency World”. in J. Dunning, ed. The Multinational Enterprise. London: Allen and Unwin, pp. 49-56.

 

-R. Aliber (1983). “Money, Multinationals, and Sovereigns”. in C. Kindleberger, ed. The Multinational Corporation in the 1980's. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 245-259.

 

-R. Aliber (1990). “The Foreign Exchange Value of the US Dollar, Sticky Asset Prices and Corporate Financial Decisions”. in S. Gerlach and P. Petri, eds. The Economics of the Dollar Cycle. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 177-204.

 

-R. Aliber (1993). The Multinational Paradigm. Cambridge: MIT.

 

-H.C. Reed (1983). “Appraising Corporate Investment Policy: A Financial Center Theory of Foreign Direct Investment”. in C. Kindleberger, ed. The Multinational Corporation in the 1980's. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 219-244.

 

-D. DeMeza and F. Van der Ploeg (1987). “Production Flexibility as a Motive for Multinationality”. Journal of Industrial Economics; V.35-#3, pp. 343-351.

 

-A. Dixit (1989). “Hysteresis, Import Penetration, and Exchange Rate Pass-Through”. QJE; V.104-#2, pp. 205-228.

 

-A. Dixit (1989). “Entry and Exit Decisions under Uncertainty”. JPE; V.97-#3, pp. 620-638.

 

-A. Mello, J. Parsons, and A. Triantis (1995). “An Integrated Model of Multinational Flexibillity and Financial Hedging”. JIE; V.39-#1/2, pp. 27-51.

 

e. Firm Theoretic Models of FDI: The CAW Model

 

(1) The Coase-Arrow-Williamson (CAW) Theory of the Firm

 

-R. Coase (1937). “The Nature of the Firm”. Eca; V.4-#16, pp. 386-405.

 

-J. Hirschleifer (1957). “Economics of the Divisionalized Firm”. Journal of Business; V.30-#?, pp. 96-108.

 

-K. Arrow (1964). “Control in Large Organizations”. Management Science; V.10-#4, pp. 397-408.

 

-O. Williamson (1975). Markets and Hierarchies: Analysis and Anti-Trust Implications. New York: Free Press.

 

-R. Radner (1987). “Decentralization and Incentives”. in T. Groves, R. Radner and S. Reiter, eds. Information, Incentives and Economic Mechanisms. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, pp. 3-47.

 

-R. Radner (198?). “The Internal Economy of Large Firms”. EJ; V.?-#?, pp. 1-22.

 

-O. Hart and B. Holmstrom (199?). “The Theory of Contracts”. in T. Bewley, ed. Advances in Economic Theory. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 71-155

 

(2) Transfer Pricing and Control of a Decentralized Firm

 

(a) Under Full Information

 

-J. Hirschleifer (1956). “On the Economics of Transfer Pricing”. Journal of Business; V.29-#?, pp. 172-184.

 

-J.R. Gould (1964). “Internal Pricing in Firms when there are Costs of Using an Outside Market”. Journal of Business; V.64-#?, pp. 61-67.

 

-W. Baumol and T. Fabian (1964). “Decomposition, Pricing for Decentralization and External Economies”. Management Science; V.11-#1, pp. 1-31.

 

-M. Shubik (1964). “Incentives, Decentralized Control, the Assignment of Joint Costs and Internal Pricing”. in C. Bonnini, R. Jaedieki, and H. Wagner, eds. Management Controls: New Directions in Basic Research. New York: McGraw Hill, pp. 205-226.

 

-N. Dopuch and D. Drake (1964). “Accouinting Implications of a Mathematical Programming Approach to the Transfer Pricing Problem”. Journal of Accouniting Research; V.2-#?, pp. 10-24.

 

-A. Charnes, R. Clower and K. Kortanek (1967). “Effective Control Through Coherent Decentralization with Preemptive Goals”. Etrica; V.?-#?, pp. 294-320.

 

-J. Hass (1968). “Transfer Pricing in a Decentralized Firm”. Management Science; V.?-#?, pp. B310-B333.

 

-J. Ronen and G. Mckinney (1970). “Transfer Pricing for Divisional Autonomy”. Journal of Accounting Research; V.?-#?, pp. 99-112.

 

-P. Jennergren (1972). “Decentralization on the Basis of Price Schedules in Linear Decomposable Resource Allocation Problems”. JFQA; V.?-#?, pp. 1407-1715.

 

-A.R. Abdel-khalik and E. Lusk (1974). “Transfer Pricing--A Synthesis”. Accounting Review; V.49-#?, pp. 8-23.

 

-S. Grabski (1985). “Transfer Pricing in Complex Organizations: A Review and Integration of Recent Empirical and Analytical Research”. Journal of Accounting Literature; V.4-#?, pp. 33-71.

 

-E. Bond (1976). “Optimal Transfer Pricing When Tax Rates Differ”. SEJ; V.47: 191-200.

 

-L. Merville and J.W. Petty (1978). “Transfer Pricing for the Multinational Firm”. Accounting Reveiw; V.53-#4, pp. 935-951.

 

-R. Halperin and B. Srindhi (1987). “The Effects of U.S. Income Tax Regulations’ Transfer Pricing Rules on Allocative Efficiency”. Accounting Review; V.62-#4, pp. 686-706.

 

-R.M. Halperin and B. Srindhi (1991). “US Income Tax Transfer-Pricing Rules and Resource Allocation: The Case of Decentralized Multinational Firms”. Accounting Review; V.66-#1, pp. 141-157.

 

(b) Under Asymmetric Information

 

-J. Ronen (1974). “Social Costs and Benefits and the Transfer Pricing Problem”. JPubE; V.3-#1, pp. 71-82.

 

-T. Groves and M. Loeb (1976). “Reflections on `Social Costs and Benefits and the Transfer Pricing Problem`”. JPubE; V.5-#?, pp. 353-359.

 

-J. Ronen (1992). “Transfer Pricing Reconsidered”. JPubE; V.47-#?, pp. 125-136.

 

-T. Groves and M. Loeb (1979). “Incentives in a Divisionalized Firm”. Management Science; V.25-#3, pp. 221-230.

 

-M. Harris, C. Kriebel and A. Raviv (1982). “Asymmetric Information, Incentives and Intrafirm Resource Allocation”. Management Science; V.28-#6, pp. 609-620.

 

-S. Cohen and M. Loeb (1984). “The Groves Scheme, Profit Sharing and Moral Hazard”. Management Science; V.30-#1, pp. 20-24.

 

-J. Ronen and K.R. Balachandran (1988). “An Approach to Transfer Pricing under Uncertainty”. Journal of Accounting Research; V.26-#2, pp. 300-314.

 

-J.S. Jordan (1989). “Accounting-based Divisional Performance Measurement: Incentives for Profit Maximization”. Contemporary Accounting Research; V.6-#2, pp. 903-921.

 

-A. Amershi and P. Cheng (1990). “Transfer Pricing: The Economics of Dominant Strategy Mechanisms under Information Asymmetry and Moral Hazard”. Contemporary Accounting Research; V.7-#1, pp. 61-99.

 

-R.D. Banker and S.M. Datar (1991). “Optimal Transfer Pricing under Postcontract Information”. Contemporary Accounting Research; V.8-#2, pp. 329-352.

 

-J. Christensen and J. Demski (1990). “Transfer Pricing in a Limited Communication Setting”. ms.: Yale School of Organization and Management.

 

-I. Vaysman (1991). “A Model of Cost-based Transfer Pricing”. ms.: Stanford University.

 

-B. Holmstrom and J. Tirole (1991). “Transfer Pricing and Organizational Form”. Journal of Law, Economics and Organization; V. 7-#2, pp. 201-228.

 

-N. Stoughton and E. Talmor (1994). “A Mechanism Design Approach to Transfer Pricing by the Multinational Firm”. EER; V.38-#1, pp. 143-170.

 

-R. Eccles (1985). The Transfer Pricing Problem: A Theory for Practice. Lexington: Lexington Books.

 

-R. Eccles and H. White (1986). “Firm and Market Interfaces of Profit Center Control”. in S. Lindenberg, J. Coleman and S. Nowak, eds. Approaches to Social Theory. New York: Russell Sage, pp. 203-220.

 

-R. Eccles and H. White (1988). “Price and Authority in Inter-Profit Center Transactions”. American Journal of Sociology; V.94-Supplement, pp. s17-s48,

 

(3) Basic Theory of Internalization and FDI

 

-D. Teece (1981) “The Multinational Enterprise: Market Failure and Market Power Considerations”; Sloan Management Review, V.22-#3, pp. 3-17.

 

-P. Krugman (1983). “The ‘New Theories’ of International Trade and the Multinational Enterprise”. in C. Kindleberger and D. Audretsch, eds. The Multinational Corporation in the 1980s. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 57-73.

 

-W. Ethier and H. Horn (1990). “Managerial Control of International Firms and Patterns of Direct Investment”. JIE; V.28-#1/2, pp. 25-45.

 

-W. Ethier and J. Markusen (1996). “Multinational Firms, Technology Diffusion and International Trade”. JIE; V.41-#1/2, pp. 1-28.

 

-J. Dunning (1977), “Trade, Location of Activity and the MNE”, Ohlin et al., The International Allocation of Economic Activity, New York: Holmes and Meier, pp. 395-431.

 

-J. Dunning (1981) International Production and the Multinational Enterprise, London: Allen and Unwin.

 

-P. Buckley and M. Casson, eds. (1987). The Economic Theory of Multinational Enterprise. New York: St. Martin's.

 

-M. Casson, ed. (1987) The Firm and the Market, Cambridge: MIT.

 

-A.L. Calvet (1981) “A Synthesis of Foreign Direct Investment Theories and Theories of the Multinational Firm”; Journal of International Business Studies, V.12-#?, pp. 43-59.

 

-D. Teece (1986). “Transactions Cost Economics and the MNE: An Assessment”. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization; V.7-#1, pp. 21-45.

 

-J.F. Hennart (1986). “What Is Internalization?”. WA; V.122-#4, pp. 1791-804.

 

-D. Purkayastha (199?). “Firm-Specific Advantages, Multinational Joint Ventures and Host Country Tariff Policy”. SEJ; V.?-#1, pp. 89-95.

 

(4) Choosing Mode of Market Service

 

(a) Partial Equilibrium

 

-P. Buckley and M. Casson (1981). “The Optimal Timing of a Foreign Direct Investment”. EJ; V.91-#361, pp. 75-87.

 

-J. Capel (1992). “How To Service a Foreign Market under Uncertainty: A Real Option Approach”. European Journal of Political Economy; V.8-#3, pp. 455-475.

 

-I. Horstmann and J. Markusen (1987). “Licensing versus Direct Investment: A Model of Internalization by the Multinational Firm”. CJE; V.20-#3, pp. 464-481.

 

-W. Ethier and J. Markusen (1996). “Multinational Firms, Technology Diffusion and Trade”. JIE; V.41-#1/2, pp. 1-28.

 

-J. Markusen (2001). “Contracts, Intellectual Property Rights, and Multinational Investment in Developing Countries”. JIE; V.53-#1, pp. 189-204.

 

-I. Horstmann and J. Markusen (1996). “Exploring New Markets: Direct Investment, Contractual Relationships, and the Multinational Enterprise”. IER; V.37-#1, pp. 1-19.

 

-S. Das (1999). “Direct Foreign Investment versus Licensing”. Review of Development Economics; V.3-#1, pp. 86-97.

 

-J. Svejnar and S. Smith (1982). “The Economics of Joint Ventures in Centrally Planned and Labor Managed Economies”. Journal of Comparative Economics; V.6-#2, pp. 148-172.

 

-J. Svejnar and S. Smith (1984). “The Economics of Joint Ventures in Less Developed Countries”. Quarterly Journal of Economics; V.99-#1, pp. 149-167.

 

-D. Purkayastha (1993). “Firm-Specific Advantages, Multinational Joint Ventures and Host Country Tariff Policies”. Southern Economic Journal; V.60-#1, pp. 89-95.

 

-S. Marjit, U. Broll and I. Mallick (1995). “A Theory of Overseas Joint Venture”. Economics Letters; V.47-#3/4, pp. 367-370.

 

-T. Kabiraj (1999). “A Simple Theory of Joint Venture Break Down”. Keio Economic Studies; V.36-#1, pp. 87-98.

 

-A. Mukherjee and S. Sengupta (2001). “Joint Ventures versus Fully Owned Subsidiaries: Multinational Strategies in Liberalizing Ecnomies”. Review of International Economics; V.9-#1, pp. 163-180.

 

-U. Broll, S. Marjit and A. Mukherjee (2003). “Foreign Direct Investment, Credible Policy: The Role of Risk Sharing”. International Trade Journal; V.17-#2, pp. 165-176.

 

(b) Internalization and Mode of Market Service in GE

 

-W. Ethier (1986). “The Multinational Firm”. QJE. V.101-#4, pp. 805-833.

 

-H. Beladi and K. Prasad (1995). “Asset Specificities, Multinational Firms and International Trade”. JITE; V.151-#4, pp. 593-612.

 

Grossman, Gene and Elhanan Helpman (2002). “Integration versus Outsourcing in Industry Equilibrium”. QJE; V.117-#1, pp. 85-120.

 

Grossman, Gene and Elhanan Helpman (2003). “Outsourcing versus FDI in Industry Equilibrium”. Journal of the European Economics Association; V.1-#2/3, pp. 317-327.

 

Grossman, Gene and Elhanan Helpman (2003). “Managerial Incentives and the International Organization of Production”. Journal of International Economics; forthcoming.

 

-G. Grossman and E. Helpman (1999). “Incomplete Contracts and Industrial Organization”. NBER Working Paper; #7303.

 

(5) Empirical Evaluation of Firm-Theoretic Models of FDI

 

-N. Kumar (1987). “Intangible Assets, Internalisation and Foreign Production: Direct Investments and Licensing in Indian Manufacturing”. WA; V.123-#?, pp. 325-345.

 

-H. Gatignon and E. Anderson (1988). “The Multinational Corporation's Degree of Control Over Foreign Subsidiaries: An Empirical Test of a Transaction Cost Explanation”. Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, V.4-#2, pp. 305-336.

 

-B. Gomes-Casseres (1989). “Ownership Structures of Foreign Subsidiaries: Theory and Evidence”. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, V.11-#1, pp. 1-25.

 

-N. Sidharthan and N. Kumar (1990). “The Determinants of Inter-Industry Variations in the Proportion of Intra-Firm Trade: The Behavior of US Multinationals”. WA; V.126-#3, pp. 581-590.

 

-R. Morck and B. Yeung (1991). “Why Investors Value Multinationality”. Journal of Business; V.64-#2, pp. 165-187.

 

-R. Morck and B. Yeung (1992). “Internationalization: An Event Study”. JIE; V.33-#1/2, pp. 41-56.

 

-S. Martin (1991). “Direct Investment Behavior in the US”. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization; V.16-#3, pp. 283-293.

 

f. GE Models of Trade with FDI

 

(1) Overviews

 

-W. Ehier (1994a). “Multinational Firms in the Theory of International Trade”. in E. Bacha, ed. Economics in a Changing World: Proceedings of the Tenth World Congress of the International Economic Association, Moscow. Volume 4. New York: St. Martin's Press/IEA, pp. 3-33.

 

-W. Ethier (1994b). “Conceptual Foundations from Trade, Multinational Firms, and Foreign Direct Investment Theory”. in M. E. Bredahl, P. C. Abbott and M. R. Reed, eds. Competitiveness in International Food Markets. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, pp. 105-128.

 

-J. Markusen and K. Maskus (2001). “General Equilibrium Approaches to the Multinational Firm: A Review of Theory and Evidence”. In J. Harrigan, ed. Handbook of International Trade. London: Blackwell, forth.

 

(2) FDI as Arbitrage of Firm-Specific Capital

 

-A. Amano (1977) “Specific Factors, Comparative Advantage and International Investment”. Eca; V.44-#?, pp. 131-144.

 

-R. Falvey (1979). “Specific Factors, Comparative Advantage and International Investment: An Extension”. Eca; V.46-#?, pp. 77-82.

 

-R. Jones and F. Dei (1983). “International Trade and Foreign Investment: A Simple Model”. EcInq; V.21-#4, pp. 449-464.

 

-D. Burgess (1978). “On the Distributional Effects of Direct Foreign Investment”. IER; V.19-#3, pp. 647-664.

 

-F. Dei (1979). “Nontraded Goods and Optimal Foreign Investments”. JIE; V.9-#?, pp. 527-538.

 

-S. Das (1981). “Effects of Foreign Investment in the Presence of Unemployment”. JIE; V.11-#?, pp. 249-257.

 

-P.l. Tsai (1987). “The Welfare Impact of Foreign Investment in the Presence of Specific Factors and Non-Traded Goods”. WA; V.123-#3, pp. 496-507.

 

-R. Jones, J.P. Neary and F. Ruane (1983). “Two-Way Capital Flows: Cross-Hauling in a Model of Foreign Investment”. JIE; V.14-#3/4, pp. 357-366.

 

-R. Jones, J.P. Neary and F. Ruane (1987). “International Capital Mobility and the Dutch Disease”. in H. Kierzkowski, ed. Protection and Competition in International Trade. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 86-98.

 

-M.A. Khan (1984). “International Trade and Foreign Investment: A Model with Asymmetric Production”. Pakistan Development Review; V.23-#4, pp. 509-530.

 

-T. Datta-Chaudhuri and M.A. Khan (1984). “Sector-Specific Capital, Interconnectedness in Production and Welfare”. CJE; V.17-#3, pp. 489-507. (Comment by L. Young (1986). CJE, V.19-#4, pp. 678-684)

 

-M.A. Khan and P.S. Lin (1986). “Two-Way Capital Flows in an Asymmetric World Economy”. MS; V.54-#2, pp. 219-224.

 

-I. Gang and S. Gangopadhyay (1985). “Multinational Firms and Government Policy”. EcLets; V.17-#?, pp. 395-399.

 

330.55 R625        -I. Gang and S. Gangopadhyay (1990). “LDC Labor Markets, Multinationals and Government Policies”. Rivista Internazionale di Scienze Economiche e Commerciali; V.37-#8, pp. 749-764.

 

-S. Gangopadhyay and I. Gang (1994). “Foreign Investment and Control of Transnational Enterprises”. Journal of International Trade and Economic Development; V.3-#3, pp. 213-227.

 

-R.N. Batra and R. Ramachandran (1980) “Multinational Firms and the Theory of International Trade and Investment,” AER, V.70-#3, pp. 278-290. [comment by A. Khandker (1981), V.71-#3, pp. 515-516.

 

-R. Batra (1986). “A General Equilibrium Model of Multinational Corporations in Developing Economies”. OEP; V.38-#?, pp. 342-353.

 

-Y.-N. Shieh (1988). “A General Equilibrium Model of Multinational Corporations in Developing Economies: A Further Analysis”. OEP; V.40-#?, pp. 390-391

 

-H. Beladi and S. Samanta (1988). “Foreign Technology and Customs Unions: Trade Creation and Trade Diversion”. Journal of Economic Studies; V.17-#6, pp.

 

-J. Hill and J. Méndez (1992). “Equity Control of Multinational Firms by Less Developed Countries: A General Equilibrium Analysis”. MS; V.60-#1, pp. 53-63.

 

-H. Beladi and C.C. Chao (1993). “The Choice of Licensing versus Direct Foreign Investment in Developing Countries”. ZfN; V.58-#2, pp. 175-186.

 

(3) Multinational Firms in GE

 

(a) Vertical Multinationals

 

i) Monopolistic Competition

 

-E. Helpman (1984). “A Simple Theory of International Trade With Multinational Corporations”, JPE, V.92-#3, pp. 451-471.

 

-E. Helpman and P. Krugman (1985). Market Structure and Foreign Trade. Cambridge: MIT Press. (Chapters 12 and 13).

 

-R. Baldwin (1990). “Factor Market Barriers are Trade Barriers: Gains from Trade from 1992". EER; V.34-#4, pp. 831-850.

 

-F. Dei (1991). “Multinational Corporations and Absolute Advantage: The Symmetric Case”. in A. Takayama, et al., eds. Trade, Policy and International Adjustments. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 77-91.

 

-F. Dei (1993). “Multinational Corporations and Absolute Advantage: The Asymmetric Case”. in R. Becker, M. Boldrin, R. Jones and W. Thomson, eds. General Equilibrium, Growth, and Trade II. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 490-506.

 

-Gao Ting (1999). “Economic Geography and the Development of Vertical Multinational Production”. JIE; V.48-#2, pp. 301-320

 

ii) Oligopolistic Competition

 

-K. Zhang and J. Markusen (1999). “Vertical Multinationals and Host-Country Characteristics”. Journal of Development Economics; V.59-#2, pp. 223-252.

 

-D.E. Konan (2000). “The Vertical Multinational Enterprise and International Trade”. RIE; V.8-#1, pp. 113-125.

 

Greaney Theresa (1997). “A Model of Decentralized Multinational Investment in Product Development Activities”. Japan And The World Economy; V.9-#3, pp. 315-333.

 

(b) Horizontal Multinationals

 

i) Strategic Interaction with Homogeneous Goods

 

-J. Markusen (1984). “Multinationals, Multi-plant Economies and the Gains from Trade”, JIE, V.16-#3/4, pp. 205-226.

 

-I. Horstmann and J. Markusen (1992). “Endogenous Market Structures in International Trade (natura facit saltum)”. JIE; V.32-#1/2, pp. 109-129.

 

-J. Markusen and A. Venables (1996). “The Increased Importance of Direct Investment in North Atlantic Relationships: A Convergence Hypothesis”. in M. Canzoneri, W. Ethier, and V. Grilli, eds. The New Transatlantic Economy. New York: Cambridge/CEPR, pp. 169-189.

 

-J. Markusen and A. Venables (1998). “Multinational Firms and the New Trade Theory”. JIE; V.46-#2, pp. 183-203.

 

-J. Markusen (1998). “Multinational Firms, Location and Trade”. World Economy; V.21-#6, pp. 733-756.

 

-A. Glass and K. Saggi (1999). “FDI Policies under Shared Factor Markets”. JIE; V.49-#2, pp. 309-332.

 

-R. Baldwin and G. Ottaviano (1998). “Multiproduct Multinational and Reciprocal FDI Dumping”. JIE; V.54-#2, pp. 429-448.

 

-S. Barrios, H. Görg, and E. Strobl (2000). “Multinational Enterprises and New Trade Theory: Evidence for the Convergence Hypothesis”. Centre for Research on Globalisation and Labour Markets Discussion Paper, #00/19.

 

ii) Monopolistic Competition

 

-S.L. Brainard (1993). “A Simple Theory of Multinational Corporations and Trade with a Trade-off between Proximity and Concentration”. NBER Working Paper; #4269.

 

-A. Rodriguez-Clare (1996). “Multinational, Linkages, and Economic Development”. AER; V.86-#4, pp. 852-873.

 

-J. Markusen and A. Venables (1999). “Foreign Direct Investment as a Catalyst for Industrial Development”. European Economic Review; V.43-#2, pp. 335-356.

 

-J. Markusen and A. Venables (2000). “The Theory of Endowment, Intraindustry, and Multinational Trade”. Journal of International Economics, V.52-#2, pp. 209-234.

 

(c) Horizontal and Vertical Integration

 

-E. Helpman (1985). “Multinational Corporations and Trade Structure”. REStud; V.52-#3, 443-447.

 

-J. Markusen, A. Venables, D. Konan, and K. Zhang (1996). “A Unified Treatment of Horizontal Direct Investment, Vertical Direct Investment, and the Pattern of Trade in Goods and Services”. NBER Working Paper #5696.

 

-J. Markusen (1997). “Trade versus Investment Liberalization”. NBER Working Paper #6231.

 

-J. Markusen (1999). “Global Investment Liberalization: Effects on Labor and the Location/ Agglomeration of High-Tech Activities and Production”. in H. Siebert, ed. Globalization and Labor. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck/Institut für Weltwirtschaft, pp. 93-107.

 

-Carr, D. J. Markusen, K. Maskus (2001) “Estimating the Knowledge-Capital Model of the Multinational Enterprise”. AER; V.91-#3, pp. 693-708.

 

-J. Markusen and K. Maskus (2001). “Multinational Firms: Reconciling Theory and Evidence”. in M. Blomstrom and L. Goldberg, eds. Topics in Empirical International Economics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 71-95.

 

-J. Markusen and K. Maskus (1999). “Discriminating among Alternative Theories of the Multinational Enterprise”. RIE; V.10-#4, pp. 694-707.

 

-J. Markusen (2000). “Foreign Direct Investment and Trade”. Centre for International Economic Studies Policy Discussion Paper, #0019.

 

-K. Ekholm and R. Forslid (2001). “Trade and Location with Horizontal and Vertical Multi-region Firms”. ScanJE; V.103-#1, pp. 101-118.

 

(4) Production Fragmentation and FDI

 

(a) Mostly Theoretical

 

i) Overviews

 

-R. Harris (1992). “New Theories of International Trade and the Pattern of Global Specialisation”. In G. van Liemt, ed. Industry On the Move: Causes and Consequences of International Relocation in the Manufacturing Industry. Geneva: International Labour Office, pp. 25-50.

 

-J. Cantwell (1994). “The Relationship between International Trade and International Production”. In D. Greenaway and L.A. Winters, eds. Surveys in International Trade. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 303-328.

 

-R. Feenstra (1998). “Integration of Trade and Disintegration of Production in the Global Economy”. Journal of Economic Perspectives; V.12-#4, pp. 31-50.

 

-D. Greenaway, P. Lloyd, and C. Milner (2001). “New Concepts and Measures of the Globalisation of Production”. EcLets; V.73-#1, pp. 57-63.

 

ii) HOS (and related) Models

 

-R. Jones and H. Kierzkowski (1990). “The Role of Services Production and International Trade: A Theoretical Framework”. in R. Jones and A. Krueger, eds. The Political Economy of International Trade. Oxford: Basil Blackwell; pp. 31-48.

 

-R. Jones and H. Kierzkowski (1998). “Globalization and the Consequences of International Fragmentation”. In R. Dornbusch, G. Calvo, and M. Obstfeld, eds. Money, Capital Mobility and Trade: Essays in Honor of Robert Mundell. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp.

 

-R. Jones and H. Kierzkowski (2001). “A Framework for Fragmentation”. In S. Arndt and H. Kierzkowski, eds. Fragmentation: New Production Patterns in the World Economy. New York: OUP, pp. 17-34.

 

-R. Jones and H. Kierzkowski (2000). “Horizontal Aspects of Vertical Fragmentation”. Centre for International Economic Studies (Adelaide) Policy Discussion Paper, #0027.

 

-R. Jones and S. Marjit (1992). “International Trade and Endogenous Production Structures”. In W. Neufeind and R. Riezman, eds. Economic Theory and International Trade. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 173-197.

 

-S.Arndt (1997). “Globalization and the Open Economy”. North American Journal of Economics and Finance; V.8-#1, pp. 71-79.

 

-S. Arndt (1998). “Globalization and the Gains from Trade”. In K.-J. Koch and K. Jaeger, eds. Trade, Growth, and Economic Policy in Open Economies. New York: Springer, pp. 3-12.

 

-S. Arndt (1999). “Globalization and Economic Development”. Journal of International Trade and Economic Development; V.8-#3, pp. 309-18

 

-S. Arndt (2001). “Offshore Sourcing and Intra-Product Specialization in Preference Areas”. In S. Arndt and H. Kierzkowski, eds. Fragmentation: New Production Patterns in the World Economy. New York: OUP, pp. 76-87.

 

-A. Deardorff (2002). “Fragmentation in Simple Trade Models”. North American Journal Of Economics And Finance; V.12-#1, pp. 121-137.

     

-A. Deardorff (2001). “Fragmentation across Cones”. in S.W. Arndt and H. Kierzkowski, eds., Fragmentation: New Production Patterns in the World Economy. Oxford: OUP, pp. 35-51.

 

-W. Kohler (2000). “International Fragmentation A Policy Perspective”. in S. Arndt, H. Handler & D. Salvatore, eds. Eastern Enlargement: the Sooner, the Better?, Vienna: Austrian Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Labor, pp. 227-247. [Journal of Policy Modeling; forthcoming]

 

-W. Kohler (2001). “A Specific-Factors View on Outsourcing”. North American Journal of Economics and Finance; V.12-#1, pp. 31-53.

 

-W. Kohler (2003). “The Distributional Effects of International Fragmentation”. German Economic Review; V.4-#1, pp. 89-120.

 

-Venables, Anthony (1999). “Fragmentation and Multinational Production”. EER; V.43-#4/6, pp. 935-945.

 

-V. Dehejia (1992). “Kaleidoscopic Comparative Advantage and the Rising Skill Differential”. Ms: Columbia University.

 

iii) Monopolistic Competition Models

 

-R. Harris (1995). “Trade and Communication Costs”. CJE; V.28-#0 (Sp. Iss.) Pp. S46-75.

 

-R. Harris (2001). “A Communication Based Model of Global Production Fragmentation”. In S. Arndt and H. Kierzkowski, eds. Fragmentation: New Production Patterns in the World Economy. New York: OUP, pp. 52-75.

 

-B. Dluhosch (1997). “Trade Liberalization, Technological Change, and the Economics of Outsourcing”. ms: University of Köln.

 

-H. de Groot (2001). “Macroeconomic Consequences of Outsourcing. An Analysis of Growth, Welfare, and Product Variety”. De Economist; V.49-#1, pp. 53-79.

 

-M. Burda and B. Dluhosch (1999). “Globalization and European Labour Markets”. In. H. Siebert, ed. Globalization and Labor. Tubingen: Mohr, pp. 181-207.

 

-M. Burda and B. Dluhosch (2002). “Fragmentation, Globalization and Labour Markets”. In D. Greenaway, R. Upward, and K. Wakelin, eds. Trade, Investment, Migration and Labour Market Adjustment. New York: Palgrave, pp. 47-65.

 

-M. Burda and B. Dluhosch (2002). “Cost Competition, Fragmentation and Globalization”. RIE; V.10-#3, pp. 424-441.

 

-J. Francois and D. Nelson (2000). “Globalisation, Specialization, and the Wages of Unskilled Labor: Victims of Progress?”. CEPR Working Paper; #DP2527.

 

-L. Cheng, L. Qiu, and G. Tan (2001). “Foreign Direct Investment and International Fragmentation in Production”. in S.W. Arndt and H. Kierzkowski, eds., Fragmentation: New Production Patterns in the World Economy. Oxford: OUP, pp.165-186.

 

iv) Oligopoly Models

 

-J. McLaren (2000). “Globalization and Vertical Structure”. AER; V.90-#5, pp. 1239-1254.

 

-L. Zhao (2000). “Unionization, Vertical Markets, and Outsourcing”. Working Paper, Faculty of Economics, Hokkaido University.

 

-Y. Chen, J. Ishikawa, and Z. Yu (2001). “Trade Liberalization and Strategic Outsourcing”. Ms: University of Nottingham.

 

(b) Mostly Empirical

 

i) Outsourcing/Vertical Fragmentation

 

-J. Grunwald and K. Flamm (1985). The Global Factory: Foreign Assembly in International Trade. Washington, DC: Brookings.

 

-J. Melvin (1990). “Time and Space in Economic Analysis”. CJE; V.23-#4, pp. 725-747.

 

-G. Hanson (1996). Localization Economies, Vertical Organization, and Trade”. AER; V.86-#5, pp. 1266-1278.

 

-D. Hummels, D. Rapoport, and K.-M. Yi (1998). “Vertical Specialization and the Changing Nature of World Trade”. FRBNY Economic Policy Review; June, pp. 79-99.

 

-D. Hummels, J. Ishii, and K.-M. Yi (2001). “The Nature and Growth of Vertical Specialization in World Trade”. JIE; V.54-#1, pp. 75-96.

 

-K.-M. Yi (2003). “Can Vertical Specialization Explain the Growth of World Trade”. Journal of Political Economy; V.111-#1, pp. 52-102.

 

-D. Swenson (2000). “Firm Outsourcing Decisions: Evidence from U.S. Foreign Trade Zones”. Economic Inquiry; V.38-#2, pp. 175-189.

 

-R. Feenstra, G. Hanson, and D. Swenson (2000). “Offshore Assembly from the United States: Production Characteristics of the 9802 Program”. in R. Feenstra, ed. The Impact of International Trade on Wages. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 85-122.

 

-H. Görg (2000). “Fragmentation and Trade: US Inward Processing Trade in the EU”. WA; V.136-#3, pp. 403-421.

 

-F. Ruane and H. Görg (2001). “Globalization and Fragmentation: Evidence for the Electronics Industry in Ireland”. in S.W. Arndt and H. Kierzkowski, eds., Fragmentation: New Production Patterns in the World Economy. Oxford: OUP, pp. 144-164.

 

-A. Yeats (2001). “Just How Big is Global Production Sharing?”. in S.W. Arndt and H. Kierzkowski, eds., Fragmentation: New Production Patterns in the World Economy. Oxford: OUP, pp. 108-143.

 

G. Graziani (2001). “International Subcontracting in the Textile and Clothing Industry”. in S.W. Arndt and H. Kierzkowski, eds., Fragmentation: New Production Patterns in the World Economy. Oxford: OUP, pp. 209-230.

 

-H. Kierzkowski (2001). “Joining the Global Economy: Experience and Prospects of Transition Economies”. in S.W. Arndt and H. Kierzkowski, eds., Fragmentation: New Production Patterns in the World Economy. Oxford: OUP, pp. 231-253.

 

-S. Baldone, F. Sdogati, and L. Tajoli (2001). “Patterns and Determinants of International Fragmentation of Production: Evidence from Outward Processing Trade between the EU and Central Eastern European Countries”. WA; V.137-#1, pp. 80-104.

 

-R. Kozul-Wright and R. Rowthorn, eds. (1998). Transnational corporations and the global economy. New York: St. Martin's Press; for the United Nations University/World Institute for Development Economics Research.

 

-Belderbos René (2001). “Backward Vertical Linkages of Foreign Manufacturing Affiliates: Evidence from Japanese Multinationals”. World Economy; V.29-#1, pp. 189-208.

 

-Andersson Thomas and Torbjörn Fredriksson (2000). “Distinction between Intermediate and Finished Products in Intra-firm Trade”. IJIO; V.18-#5, pp. 773-792.

 

-Hackett Steven and Krishna Srinivasan (1998). “Do Supplier Switching Costs Differ Across Japanese and US Multinational Firms?”. Japan And The World Economy; V.10-#1, pp. 13-42.

 

-R. Jones (2000). “Private Interests and Government Policy in a Global World”. European Journal of Political Economy; V.16-#2, pp. 243-256.

 

-D. Siegel and Z. Griliches (1992). “Purchased Services, Outsourcing, Computers, and Productivity in Manufacturing”. In Z. Griliches, ed. Output measurement in the service sectors. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 429-458.

 

-C. Perry (1997). “Outsourcing and Union Power”. Journal of Labor Research; V.18-#4, pp. 521-534

 

-M. Quinlan (1998). “Labour Market Restructuring in Industrialised Societies: An Overview”. Economic and Labour Relations Review; V.9-#1, pp. 1-30.

 

ii) Commodity (Value) Chain Analysis

 

-Gereffi, Gary and Miguel Korzeniewicz (1990). “Commodity Chains and Footwear Exports in the Semiperiphery”. In W.G. Martin, ed. Semiperipheral States in the World Economy. Wesport: Greenwood Press, pp. 45-68.

 

-Korzeniewicz, Miguel (1992). “Global Commodity Networks and the Leather Footwear Industry: Emerging Forms of Economic Organization in the Post-Industrial World”. Sociological Perspectives; V.35-#2, pp. 313-327.

 

-Gereffi, Gary and Miguel Korzeniewicz, eds. (1994). Commodity Chains and Global Capitalism. Westport: Praeger.

 

Gereffi, Gary (1996). “Commodity Chains and Regional Divisions of Labour in East Asia”. Journal of Asian Business; V.12-#1, pp. 75-112.

 

Gereffi, Gary (1999). “International Trade and Industrial Upgrading in the Apparel Commodity Chain”. Journal of International Economics; V.48-#1, pp.37-70.

 

-R. Whitley (1996). “Business Systems and Global Commodity Chains: Competing or Complementary Forms of Economic Organization”. Competition & Change; V.1-#?, pp. 411-425.

 

-Borrus, Michael and John Zysman (1997). “Globalization with Borders: The Rise of Wintelism as the Future of Global Competition”. Industry and Innovation; V.4-#2, pp. 141-166.

 

-Borrus, Michael (1997). “Left for Dead: Asian Production Networks and the Revival of US Electronics”. in Barry Naughton, ed. The China Circle: Economics and Technology in the PRC, Taiwan, and Hong Kong. Washington, D.C.: Brookings, pp. 139-163.

 

-Kaplinsky, Raphael (2000). “Globalisation and Unequalisation: What Can be Learned from Value Chain Analysis”. Journal of Development Studies; V.37-#2, pp. 117-146.

 

-Raikes, Philip, Michael Jensen, and Stefano Ponte (2000). “Global Commodity Chain Analysis and the French filière Approach”. Economy and Society; V.29-#3, pp. 390-417.

 

-Dicken, Peter, Philip Kelly, Kris Olds, and Henry Wai-chung Yeung (2001). “Chains and Networks, Territories and Scales: Towards an Analytical Framework for the Global Econosmy”. Global Networks; V.1-#2, pp. 89-112.

 

-Hopkins, Terence and Immanuel Wallerstein (1986). “Commodity Chains in the World Economy Prior to 1800". Review; V.10-#1, pp. 157-170.

 

-Porter, Michael (1985). Competitive Advantage: Creating and Sustaining Superior Performance. New York: Fee Press.

 

-Porter, Michael (1990). The Competitive Advantage of Nations. New York: Free Press.

 

-Beamon, Benita (1998). “Supply Chain Design and Analysis: Models and Methods”. International Journal of Production Economics; V.55-#3, pp. 281-294.

 

3. Macroeconomic Effects of FDI

 

a. Characterizing and Explaining Patterns of FDI

 

-T. Horst (1972). “Firm and Industry Determinants of the Decision to Invest Abroad”; REStat, V.54-#?, pp. 258-266.

 

-J. Dunning (1981). “Explaining the International Direct Investment Position of Countries: Towards a Dynamic or Developmental Approach”; Weltirtschaftliches Archiv, V.117-#1, pp. ??.

 

-R. Lipsey (1988). “Changing Patterns of International Investment in and by the US”. in M. Feldstein, ed. The United States in the World Economy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 475-545.

 

-S. Grubaugh (1987). “Determinants of Direct Foreign Investment”. REStat; V.69-#2, pp. 149-152.

 

-C. Culem (1988). “The Locational Determinants of Direct Investments Among Industrialized Countries”. EER; V.32-#?, pp. 885-904.

 

-D. Wheeler and A. Mody (1992). “International Investment Location Decisions: the Case of US Firms”. JIE; V.33-#1/2, pp. 57-76.

 

-E.J. Ray (1989). “The Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment in the US”. in R. Feenstra, ed. Trade Policies for International Competitiveness. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 53-77.

 

-E. Ray (1991). “Foreign Takeovers and New Investments in the US”. Contemporary Policy Issues; V.9-#, pp. 59-71.

 

-E. Ray (1991). “A Profile of Recent Foreign Investment in the US”. Annals, AAPSS; #515, pp. 50-65.

 

-J. Leonard and R. McCulloch (1991). “Foreign-Owned Businesses in the US”. in J. Abowd and R. Freeman, eds. Immigration, Trade, and the Labor Market. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 261-283.

 

-C. Coughlin, J. Terza and V. Arromdee (1991). “State Characteristics and the Location of Foreign Direct Investment in the US”. REStat; V.73-#4, pp. 675-683.

 

-D. Woodward (1992). “Locational Determinants of Japanese Manufacturing Startups in the US”. SEJ; V.58-#3, pp. 690-708.

 

-J. Leonard and R. McCulloch (1991). “Foreign Owned Businesses in the US”. In J. Abowd and R. Freeman, eds. Immigration, Trade and the Labor Market. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 261-283.

 

-K. Froot (1990). “Multinational Corporations, Exchange Rates and Direct Investment”. in W. Branson, J. Frenkel and M. Goldstein, eds. International Policy Coordination and Exchange Rate Fluctuations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER.

 

-K. Froot and J. Stein (1991). “Exchange Rates and Foreign Direct Investment: An Imperfect Capital Markets Approach”. QJE; V.106-#4, pp. 1191-1217.

 

-I. Kravis and R. Lipsey (1992). “Sources of Competitiveness of the US and Its Multinational Firms”. RESTat; V.74-#?, pp. 193-201.

 

-M. Klein and E. Rosengen (1992). “Foreign Direct Investment Outflow from the US: An Empirical Assessment”. In M. Klein and P. Welfens, eds. Multinationals in the New Europe and Global Trade. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 91-103.

 

-M. Klein and E. Rosengren (1994). “The Real Exchange Rate and Foreign Direct Investment in the US: Relative Wealth vs. Relative Wage Effects”. JIE; V.36-#3/4, pp. 373-389.

 

-R.E.B. Lucas (1993). “On the Determinants of Direct Foreign Investment: Evidence from East and Southeast Asia”. World Development; V.21-#3, pp. 391-406.

 

-L. Trevino and J. Daniels (1994). “An Empirical Assessment of the Preconditions of Japanese Manufacturing Foreign Direct Investment in the US”. WA; V.130-#?, pp. 171-193.

 

-J. Hanson, II (1995). “Is Cheap Labor a Magnet for Capital?”. Journal of Economic Education; V.26-#2, pp. 150-156.

 

-R. Barrell and N. Pain (1996). “An Econometric Analysis of US Foreign Direct Investment”. REStat; V.78-#2, pp. 200-207.

 

-R. Barrell and N. Pain (1997). “The Growth of Foreign Direct Investment in Europe”. National Institute Economic Review; #160, pp. 63-75.

 

-R. Barrell and N. Pain (1999). “Domestic Institutions, Agglomerations and Foreign Direct Investment in Europe”. EER; V.43-#4/6, pp. 925-934.

 

-E. Pennings and L. Sleuwaegen (2000). “International Relaocation: Firm and Industry Determinants”. EcLets; V.67-#?, pp. 179-186.

 

-R. Lipsey (2000). “Interpreting Developed Countries' Foreign Direct Investment”. NBER Working Paper; #7810.

 

-D. Carr, J. Markusen, and K. Maskus (2000). “Estimating the Knowledge-Capital Model of the Multinational Enterprise”. AER; forth.

 

-J. Markusn and K. Maskus (1999). “Multinational Firms: Reconciling Theory and Evidence”. NBER Working Paper; #7163.

 

-J. Markusen and K. Maskus (2001). “Discriminating Among Alternative Theories of the Multinational Enterprise”. in M. Blomström and L. Goldberg, eds. Topics in Empirical International Economics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 71-95.

 

-M. Larudee and T. Koechlin (1999). “Wages, Productivity, and Foreign Direct Investment Flows”. Journal of Economic Issues; V.33-#2, pp. 419-426.

 

-T.J. Chen (1992). “Determinants of Taiwan's Direct Foreign Investment”. JDevE; V.39-#?, pp. 397-407.

 

-H.H. Aswicahyono and H. Hill (1993). “Explaining Foreign Investment Shares in LDC Industry: Incorporating the Policy Factor”. EcLets; V.41-#?, pp. 167-170.

 

b. Multinationals, Trade and the Balance of Payments

 

-M. Adler and G.V.G. Stevens (1974). “The Trade Effects of Direct Investment”. JF; V.29-#2, pp. 655-676.

 

-S. Magee (1977). “Multinational Corporations, The Industry Technology Cycle and Development”, Journal of World Trade Law, V.11-#4, pp. 297-321.

 

-M. Casson (1983). “Multinationals and Intermediate Product Trade”. in Buckley and Casson. pp. 144-171.

 

-G. Hufbauer and M. Adler (1968). Overseas Manufacturing Investment and the Balance of Payments. Tax Policy Research Study #1. Washington DC: US Treasury Department.

 

-P. Musgrave (1975). Direct Investment Abroad and the Multinationals: Effects on the US Economy. Washington, DC: US GPO (Senate, Foreign Relations)

 

-M.F.J. Prachowny and J.D. Richardson (1975). “Testing a Life-Cycle Hypothesis of the Balance of Payments Effects of Multinational Corporations”, EcInq; V.13-#?, pp. 81-97.

 

-R.E. Lipsey and M.Y. Weiss (1981) “Foreign Production and Exports in Manufacturing Industries”, REStat; V.63-#4, pp. 488-494.

 

-I. Kravis and R. Lipsey (1982) “The Location of Overseas Production and Production for Export by U.S. Multinational Firms”; JIE, V.12-#2, pp. 201-223.

 

-R.E. Lipsey and M.Y. Yeiss (1984). “Foreign Production and Exports of Individual Firms”. REStat; V.66-#?, pp. 304-307.

 

-I. Kravis and R. Lipsey (1985). “The Competitive Position of US Manufacturing Firms”. Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review; #153, pp. 127-164.

 

-I. Kravis and R. Lipsey (1987). “The Competitiveness and Comparative Advantage of US Multinationals, 1957-1984". Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review; #161, pp. 147-167.

 

-M. Blomström, R. Lipsey, and K. Kulchycky (1988). “US and Swedish Direct Investment and Exports”. In R. Baldwin, ed. Trade Policy Issues and Economic Analysis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 259-297.

 

-M. Blomström and R. Lipsey (1989). “The Export Performance of US and Swedish Multinationals”. Review of Income and Wealth; V.35-#3, pp. 245264.

 

-R. Blecker and R. Feinberg (1995). “A Multidimensional Analysis of the International Performance of US Manufacturing Industries”. WA; V.?-#2, pp. 339-357.

 

-F.S. Hipple (1989). “The Changing Role of Multinational Corporations in US International Trade”. in H.P. Gray, ed. The Modern International Environment. Greenwich: JAI Press, pp. 65-80.

 

-F.S. Hipple (1990). “The Measurement of International Trade Related to Multinational Companies”. AER; V.80-#5, pp. 1263-1270.

 

-F.S. Hipple (1990). “Multinational Companies and International Trade: The Impact of Intra-firm Shipments on US Foreign Trade, 1977-1982". JIBS; V.?-#?, pp. 495-504.

 

-A. Benvignati (1990). “Industry Determinants of ‘Differences’ in US Intra-firm and Arm’s Length Exports”. REStat; V.72-#?, pp. 481-488.

 

-N. Siddharthan and M. Kumar (1990). “The Determinants of Inter-Industry Variation in the Proportion of Intra-Firm Trade: The Behavior of US Multinationals”. WA; V.126-#?, pp. 581-590.

 

-M. Bonturi and K. Fukasaku (1993). “Globalisation and Intra-Firm Trade: An Empirical Note”. OECD Economic Studies; #20, pp. 145-159.

 

-H. Yamawki (1991). “Exports and Foreign Distributional Activities: Evidence on Japanese Firms in the US”. REStat; V.73-#?, pp. 294-300.

 

-R. Lipsey (1995). “Outward Direct Investment and the US Economy”. In M. Feldstein, J. Hines and R.G. Hubbard, eds. The Effects of Taxation on Multinational Corporations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 7-41.

 

-M. Feldstein (1995). “The Effects of Outbound Foreign Direct Investment on the Domestic Capital Stock”. In M. Feldstein, J. Hines and R.G. Hubbard, eds. The Effects of Taxation on Multinational Corporations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 43-63.

 

-S.L. Brainard (1997). “An Empirical Assessment of the Proximity-Concentration Trade-off Between Multinational Sales and Trade”. AER; V.87-#4, pp. 520-544.

 

-G. Hanson (1997). “US-Mexico Integration and Regional Economies: Evidence from Border City Pairs”. NBER Working Paper, #5425.

 

-D. Cushman (1985). “Real Exchange Rate Risk, Expectations and the Level of Direct Investment”. REStat; V.67-#?, pp. 297-308.

 

-D. Cushman (1987). “The Effect of Real Wages and Labor Productivity on Foreign Direct Investment”. SEJ; V.54-#?, pp. 174-185.

 

-R. Ruffin and F. Rassekh (1986). “The Role of Foreign Direct Investment in US Capital Outflows”. AER; V.76-#5, pp. 1126-1130.

 

-D. Greenaway, P. Lloyd, and C. Milner (1998). “Intra-industry FDI and Trade Flows: New Measures of Globalisation of Production”. Centre for Research on Globalisation and Labour Markets Discussion Paper, #98/5.

 

-N. Sousa, D. Greenaway, and K. Wakelin (2000). “Multinationals and Export Spillovers”. Centre for Research on Globalisation and Labour Markets Discussion Paper, #00/14.

 

-B. Swedenborg (2001). “Determinants and Effects of Multinational Growth: The Swedish Case Revisited”. in M. Blomström and L. Goldberg, eds. Topics in Empirical International Economics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 99-131.

 

c. Labor Market Effects of FDI and Income Distribution

 

(1) Overviews


                            -BHM chapter 4.


                            -Caves chapter 5.

 

-F. Frobel, J. Heinrichs and O. Kreye (1980) The New International Division of Labor, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; Parts I and II.

 

-M. Tolchin and S. Tolchin (1988). Buying into America. New York: Quorum Books.

 

-N. Glickman and D. Woodward (1989). The New Competitors: How Foreign Investors are Changing the U.S. Economy. New York: Basic Books.

 

-E. Graham and P. Krugman (1989). Foreign Direct Investment in the United States. Washington, DC: Institute for International Economics.

 

-S. Bowles (1983). “The Post-Keynesian Capital-Labor Stalemate”, Socialist Review, #65, pp. 45-72.

 

-S. Bowles, D. Gordon and T. Weisskopf (1983) Beyond the Wasteland, New York: Anchor Press/Doubleday, Chapter 4.

 

-Lall, Sanjaya (1995). “Employment and Foreign Investment: Policy Options for Developing Countries”. International Labour Review; V.134-#4/5, pp. 521-540.

 

Thygesen, Niels, Yutaka Kosai, and Robert Lawrence (1996). Globalization and trilateral labor markets: Evidence and implications: A report to the Trilateral Commission. New York: Trilateral Commission.

 

Lee, Eddy (1996). “Globalization and Employment: Is Anxiety Justified?”. International Labour Review; V.135-#5, pp. 485-497.

 

-Agarwal, Jamuna Prasad (1997). “Effect of Foreign Direct Investment on Employment in Home Countries”. Transnational Corporations; V.6-#2, pp. 1-28.

 

-Gundlach, Erich and Peter Nunnenkamp (1997). “Globalization and Labour Markets in the Triad: Different Adjustment Patterns”. Transnational Corporations; V.6-#3, pp. 57-85.

 

-J. Crotty, G. Epstein, and P. Kelly (1997). “Multinational Corporations, Capital Mobility and the Neo-Liberal Regime: Effects on Northern Workers and on Growth Prospects in the Developing World”. Seoul Journal of Economics; V.11-#4, pp. 297-340.

 

-J. Crotty, G. Epstein, and P. Kelly (1998). “Multinational Corporations in the Neo-Liberal Regime”. in D. Baker, G. Epstein, and R. Pollin, eds. Globalization and Progressive Economic Policy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 117-143.

 

(2) Theoretical Research

 

-Koizumi, Tetsunori and Kenneth Kopecky (1980). “Foreign Direct Investment, Technology Transfer and Domestic Employment Effects”. JIE; V.10-#1, pp. 1-20.

 

-Vivek H. Dehejia (1996). “International Trade and the Domestic Wage Structure: Alternative Explanations”. Konjunkturpolitik, V.42-#2/3, pp. 155-180.

 

-R. Brecher and E. Choudhri (1996). “Liberalizing Multinational Investment: The Stolper-Samuelson Question Revisited”. in R. Feenstra, G. Grossman and D. Irwin, eds. The Political Economy of Trade Policy. Cambridge: MIT, pp. 77-88.

 

-R. Feenstra and G. Hanson (1996). “Foreign Investment, Outsourcing and Relative Wages”. in R. Feenstra, G. Grossman and D. Irwin, eds. The Political Economy of Trade Policy. Cambridge: MIT, pp. 89-127.

 

-J. Markusen and A. Venables (1999). “Multinational Production, Skilled Labor, and Real Wages”. in R. Baldwin and J. Francois, eds. Dynamic Issues in Commercial Policy Analysis. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 138-172.

 

-J. Markusen and A. Venables (1997). “The Role of Multinational Firms in the Wage-Gap Debate”. RIE; V.5-#4, pp.435-451.

 

-Lahiri, Sajal and Yoshiyasu Ono (1998). “Tax Policy on Foreign Direct Investment in the Presence of Cross-Hauling”. WA; v.134-#2, pp. 263-279.

 

-Satya P. Das (2002). “Foreign Direct Investment and the Relative Wage in a Developing Economy”. Journal of Development Economics; V.67-#1, pp. 55-77.

 

(3) Empirical Research

 

(a) In Industrial Countries

 

i) Mostly Employment

 

-T. Horst (1978). “The Impact of American Investments Abroad on US Exports, Imports and Employment”. in W. Dewald, ed. (1978). The Impact of International Trade and Investment on Employment. Washington, DC: US Department of Labor; pp. 139-151.

 

-A. Chaudhuri (1983). “American Multinationals and American Employment”, in Kindleberger and Audretsch, pp. 263-277.

 

-Little, Jane Sneddon (1986). “The Effects of Foreign Direct Investment on U.S. Employment during Recession and Structural Change”. New England Economic Review; Nov/Dec, pp. 40-48.

 

-I. Kravis and R. Lipsey (1993). “The Effect of Multinational Firms' Operations on Their Domestic Employment”. NBER Working Paper, #2760.

 

-M. Blomström, G. Fors, and R. Lipsey (1997). “Foreign Direct Investment and Employment: Home Country Experience in the United States and Sweden”. EJ; V.107-#445, pp. 1787-1797.

 

-R. Lipsey (1999). “Foreign Production by U.S. Firms and Parent Firm Employment”. NBER Working Paper, #7357.

 

-S.L. Brainard and D. Riker (1997). “Are Multinationals Exporting US Jobs?”. NBER Working Paper, #5958.

 

-J. Hatzius (1998). “Domestic Jobs and Foreign Wages”. Scandinavian Journal of Economics; V.100-#4, pp. 733-

 

-Henrik Braconier and Karolina Ekholm (2000). “Swedish Multinationals and Competition from High- and Low-Wage Locations”. RIE, V.8-#3, pp. 448-461.

 

-C. M. Paul and D. Siegel (2000). ‘The Impacts of Technology, Trade and Outsourcing on Employment and Labour Composition”. Scandinavian Journal of Economics, V.103-#2, pp. 241-264.

 

-Blomström, Magnus and Ari Kokko (2000). “Outward Investment, Employment and Wages in Swedish Multinationals”. Oxford Review of Economic Policy; V.16-#3, pp. 76-89.

 

-Fors, Gunnar and Ari Kokko (2001). “Home Country Effects of FDI: Foreign Production and Structural Change in Home-Country Operations”. in M. Blomström and L. Goldberg, eds. Topics in Empirical International Economics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 137-157.

 

-Michael Pfaffermayr (2001). “Employment in Domestic Plants and Foreign Affiliates: A Note on the Elasticity of Substitution”. WA; V.137-#2, pp. 347-536.

 

-Moran, Theodore (1999). “Foreign Direct Investment and Good Jobs/Bad Jobs: The Impact of Outward Investment and Inward Investment on Jobs and Wages”. In A. Fishlow and K. Parker, eds. Growing Apart: The Causes and Consequences of Global Wage Inequality. New York: Council on Foreign Relations Press.

 

ii) Mostly Wages

 

-R. Frank and R. Freeman (1978). “The Distributional Consequences of Direct Foreign Investment”. in W. Dewald, ed. (1978). The Impact of International Trade and Investment on Employment. Washington, DC: US Department of Labor; pp. 153-170.

 

-R. Frank and R. Freeman (1978). Distributional Consequences of Direct Foreign Investment. New York: Academic Press.

 

-Kahley, William (1990). “Foreign Investment: What Are the Benefits?”. Regional Science Perspectives; V.20-#1, pp. 152-193.

 

-R. Lipsey (1994). “Foreign-owned Firms and US Wages”. NBER Working Paper, #4927.

 

-R. Lipsey (1995). “Outward Direct Investment and the U.S. Economy”. in M. Feldstein, J. Hines, R. Hubbard, eds. The Effects of Taxation on Multi-national Corporations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 7-33.

 

-Feliciano, Zadia and Robert Lipsey (1999). “Foreign Ownership and Wages in the United States, 1987 - 1992". NBER Working Paper; #6923.

 

-A. Butler and M. Dueker (1999). “Does Foreign Direct Investment Affect Domestic Wage Inequality?”. Journal of International Economics; V.47-#1, pp. 61-89.

 

-M. Slaughter (2000). “Production Transfer within Multinational Enterprises and American Wages”. JIE; V.50-#2, pp. 449-472.

 

-J. Hatzius (2000). “Foreign Direct Investment and Factor Demand Elasticities”. EER; V.44-#1, pp. 117-143.

 

-Dirk Willem te Velde (2001). “Foreign Direct Investment and Factor Prices in U.S. Manufacturing.”. WA; V.137-#4, pp. 622-643.

 

-Head, Keith and John Ries (2000). “Offshore Production and Skill Upgrading by Japanese Manufacturing Firms”. ms: University of British Columbia.

 

-Bruno, Giovanni and Anna Falzoni (2000). “Multinational Corporations, Wages and Employment: Do Adjustment Costs Matter?”. CEPR Discussion Paper, #2471.

 

iii) Outsourcing and Wages

 

-R. Feenstra and G. Hanson (1996). “Globalization, Outsourcing, and Wage Inequality”. AER; V.86-#2, pp. 240-245.

 

-Feenstra R. and G. Hanson (1997). “Foreign Direct Investment and Relative Wages: Evidence from Mexico's Maquiladoras”. JIE; V.42-#3/4, pp. 371-393.

 

-R. Feenstra and G. Hanson (1999). “The Impact of Outsourcing and High Technology Capital on Wages: Estimates for the US, 1979-1990". QJE; V.114-#3, pp. 907-940.

 

-D. Riker and S.L. Brainard (1997). “U.S. Multinationals and Competition from Low Wage Countries”. NBER Working Paper, #5959.

 

-J. Davis (1999). “Is Trade Liberalization an Important Cause of Increasing U.S. Wage Inequality? The Interaction of Theory and Policy”. Review of Social Economy; V.57-#4, pp. 488-506.

 

-B. Anderton and P. Brenton (1999). “Did Outsourcing to Low-wage Countries Hurt Less-skilled Workers in the UK?”. in P. Brenton and J. Pelkmans, eds. Global Trade and European Workers. London: Macmillan, pp. 147-166.

 

-B. Anderton amd P. Brenton (1999). “Outsourcing and Low-Skilled Workers in the UK”. Bulletin of Economic Research; V.51-#4, pp. 267-285.

 

-Dell’mour, Rene, Peter Egger, Klaus Gugler, Michael Pfaffermayr, and Yvonne Wolfmayr-Schnitzer (2000). “Outsourcing of Austrian Manufacturing to Eastern Countries: Effects on Productivity and the Labor Market”. In S. Arndt, H. Handler, and D. Salvatore, eds. Eastern Enlargement: The Sooner, the Better? Vienna: Austrian Ministry for Economic Affairs, pp. 249-302.

 

-Tracy C. Miller (2001). “Impact of Globalization On U.S. Wage Inequality: Implications for Policy”. North American Journal of Economics And Finance; V.12-#3, pp. 219-242.

 

-Hartmut Egger and Peter Egger (2001). “Cross-border Sourcing and Outward Processing in EU Manufacturing”. North American Journal of Economics And Finance; V.12-#3, pp. 243-256.

 

-Peter Egger, Michael Pfaffermayr, and Yvonne Wolfmayr-Schnitzer (2001). “The International Fragmentation of Austrian Manufacturing: The Effects of Outsourcing on Productivity and Wages”. North American Journal of Economics And Finance; V.12-#3, pp. 257-272.

 

-M. Falk and B. Koebel (2002). “Outsourcing, Imports and Labour Demand”. Scandinavian Journal of Economics; V.104-#4, pp. 567-586.

 

iv) Inward Investment and Wages in Industrial Countries

 

-Driffield, Nigel (1999). “Indirect Employment Effects of Foreign Direct Investment into the UK”. Bulletin of Economic Research; V.51-#3, pp. 207-221.

 

-Taylor, Karl and Nigel Driffield (2000). “FDI and the Labour Market: A Review of the Evidence and Policy Implications”. Oxford Review of Economic Policy; V.16-#3, pp. 90-103.

 

-Taylor, Karl and Nigel Driffield (2000). “Wage Dispersion and the Role of Multinationals: Evidence from UK Panel Data”. ms: Cardiff Business School, University of Wales.

 

-M. Conyon, S. Girma, S. Thompson and P. Wright (1999). ‘The Impact of Foreign Acquisition on Wages and Productivity in the UK”. Centre for Research on Globalisation and Labour Markets Working Paper, #99/08.

 

-Girma, Sourafel, David Greenaway, and Katherine Wakelin (2001). “Wages, Productivity and Foreign Ownership in UK Manufacturing”. Scottish Journal of Political Economy,

 

-M. Conyon, S. Girma, S. Thompson, and P. Wright (2001). “Do Hostile Mergers Destroy Jobs?”. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization; V.

 

-M. Conyon, S. Girma, S. Thompson, and P. Wright (2001). “The Impact of Mergers and Acquisitions on Company Employment in the UK”. EER; V.45-#

 

-B. Blonigen and M. Slaughter (2000). “U.S. Skill Upgrading and Inward Foreign Direct Investment”. Review of Economics and Statistics; forthcoming.

 

-O'Sullivan, Patrick (1993). “An Assessment of Ireland's Export-Led Growth Strategy via Foreign Direct Investment: 1960-1980". WA; V.129-#1, pp. 139-158.

 

-Barry, Frank and John Bradley (1997). “FDI and Trade: The Irish Host-Country Experience”. EJ; V.107-#445, pp. 1798-1811.

 

-P. Figini and H. Görg (1999). “Multinational Companies and Wage Inequality in the Host Country: the Case of Ireland”. WA; V.135-#4, pp. 594-612.

 

-H. Görg (2000). Multinational Companies and Indirect Employment: Measurement and Evidence”. Applied Economics; V.32-#14, pp. 1809-1818.

 

-H. Görg and E. Strobl (2001). “Employment Growth in Irish Manufacturing: The Role of Foreign Multinational and Domestic Firms”. Ms:

 

-H. Görg and F. Ruane (2001). “Multinational Companies and Linkages: Panel Data Evidence for the Irish Electronics Sector”. International Review of Economics and Business; V.

 

-Faini, Riccardo, et al. (1999). “Importing Jobs and Exporting Firms? On the Wage and Employment Implications of Italian Trade and Foreign Direct Investment Flows”. Giornale degli Economisti e Annali di Economia; V.58-#1, pp. 95-135.

 

(b) Inward FDI in Developing Countries

 

-V. Bornschier, C. Chase-Dunn and R. Rubinson (1978). “Cross-national Evidence on the Effects of Foreign Investment and Aid on Economic Growth and Inequality: A Survey of Findings and a Reanalysis”. American Journal of Sociology; V.84-#3, pp. 651-683.

 

-V. Bornschier and T.H. Balmer-Cao (1979). “Income Inequality: A Cross-National Study of the Relationships Between MNC Penetration, Dimensions of Power Structure and Income Distribution,” American Sociological Review, V.44-#?, pp. 487-506.

 

-Evans, Peter and Michael Timberlake (1980). “Dependence, Inequality, and the Growth of the Tertiary: A Comparative Analysis of Less Developed Countries”. American Sociological Review; V.45-#4, pp. 531-552.

 

-D. Wimberley (1990). “Investment Dependence and Alternative Explanations of Third World Mortality: A Cross-National Study”. American Sociological Review, V.55-#1, pp. 75-91

 

-Santiago, Carlos (1987). “The Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on Export Structure and Employment Generation”. World Development; V.15-#3, pp. 317-328.

 

-B. Aitken, A. Harrison, and R. Lipsey (1997). “Wages and Foreign Ownership: A Comparative Study of Mexico, Venezuela, and the US”. JIE; V.40-#3/4, pp. 345-371.

 

-R. Feenstra and G. Hanson (1998). “Foreign Direct Investment and Relative Wages: Evidence from Mexico’s Maquiladoras”. JIE; V.42-#3/4, pp. 371-393.

 

(4) Unions and Firms under FDI

 

(a) Theoretical Research

 

-Bughin, Jacques and Stefano Vannini (1995). “Strategic Direct Investment under Unionized Oligopoly”. International Journal of Industrial Organization; V.13-#1, pp. 127-145.

 

-Zhao, Laixun (1998). “The Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on Wages and Employment”. OEP; V.50-#2, pp. 284-301.

 

-Zhao, Laixun (2001). “Unionization, Vertical Markets, and the Outsourcing of Multinationals”. Journal of International Economics; V.55-#1, pp.187-202.

 

-Zhao, Laixun (1995). “Cross-hauling Direct Foreign Investment and Unionized Oligopoly”. European Economic Review; V.39-#6, pp. 1237-1253.

 

-Zhao, Laixun (1996). “The Complementarity between Endogenous Protection and Direct Foreign Investment”. Economics and Politics; V.8-#1, pp. 61-72.

 

-M.Y. Skaksen and J.R. Sorensen (2001). “Should Trade Unions Appreciate Foreign Direct Investment”. Journal of International Economics; V.55-#2, pp. 379-390.

 

Naylor, Robin and Michele Santoni (1999). “Foreign Direct Investment and Wage Bargaining”. CSGR Working Paper; #41/99.

 

(b) Empirical Research

 

-D. Kujawa (1979), “Collective Bargaining and Labor Relations in Multinational Corporations: A U.S. Public Policy Perspective”, Hawkins, The Economic Effects of Multinational Corporations, Greenwich: JAI Press, pp. 25-61.

 

-P. Enderwick (1985) Multinational Business and Labor; New York: St. Martins.

 

-F. Carmichael (1992). “Multinational Enterprise and Strikes: Theory and Evidence”. Scottish Journal of Political Economy; V.39-#1, pp. 52-68.

 

d. MNEs, Development and Growth


                            -Caves chapter 9.


                            -BHM pp. 354-369.

 

-P. Streeten (1973). “The Multinational Enterprise and The Theory of Development Policy,” World Development, V.1-#10, pp. 1-14.

 

-G.K. Helleiner (1973). “Manufactured Exports from Less Developed Countries and Multinational Firms”, EJ, V.83-#329, pp. 21-47.

 

-S. Lall (1978). “Transnationals, Domestic Enterprises and Industrial Structure in Host LDCs: A Survey”, OEP, V.30-#2, pp. 217-248.

 

-P. Bardhan (1982). “Imports, Domestic Production, and Transnational Vertical Integration”; JPE; V.90-#5; pp. 1020-1034.

 

-R. Newfarmer (1983). “Multinationals and Marketplace Magic in the 1980s”, in C. Kindleberger, ed. The Multinational Corporation in the 1980's. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 162-197.

 

-V. Bornschier C. Chase-Dunn and R. Rubinson (1978). “Cross-National Evidence of the Effects of Foreign Investment and Aid on Economic Growth and Inequality: A Survey of Findings and a Reanalysis,” American Journal of Sociology, V.84-#3, pp. 651-683.

 

-V. Bornschier and T.H. Balmer-Cao (1979). “Income Inequality: A Cross-National Study of the Relationships Between MNC Penetration, Dimensions of Power Structure and Income Distribution,” American Sociological Review, V.44-#?, pp. 487-506.

 

-E. Weede and H. Tiefenbach (1981). “Three Dependency Explanations of Economic Growth: A Critical Evaluation,” European Journal of Political Research, V.9-#?, pp. 391-406.

 

-Biersteker, Thomas (1981). Distortion or Development: Contending Perspectives on the Multinational Corporation. Cambridge: MIT Press.

 

-J. Grieco (1986). “Foreign Investment and Development: Theories and Evidence”. in T. Moran, ed. Investing in Development: New Roles for Private Capital. New Brunswick: Transaction Books, pp. 35-60.

 

-G. Helleiner (1989). “Transnational Corporations and Direct Foreign Investment”. in H. Chenery and T.N. Srinivasan, eds. Handbook of Development Economics, Vol. II. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp.

 

-R. Barrell and N. Pain (1997). “Foreign Direct Investment, Technological Change, and Economic Growth within Europe”. EJ; V.107-#445, pp. 1770-1786.

 

Borensztein, Eduardo, José De Gregorio and Jang-Wha Lee (1998). “How Does Foreign Investment Affect Economic Growth?”. Journal of International Economics; V.45-#1, pp. 115-335.

 

Chuang, Yih-Chyi and Chi-Mei Lin (1999). “Foreign Direct Investment, R&D and Spillover Efficiency”. Journal of Development Studies; V.35-#4, pp. 117-137.

 

DeMello, Luiz (1999). “Foreign Direct Investment-led Growth: Evidence from Time Series and Panel Data”. Oxford Economic Papers; V.51-#1, pp. 133-151.

 

Aitken, Brian and Anne Harrison (1999). “Do Domestic Firms Benefit from Foreign Direct Investment? Evidence from Venezuela”. American Economic Review; V.89-#3, pp. 605-618.

 

Markusen, James and Anthony Venables (1999). “Foreign Direct Investment as a Catalyst for Economic Development”. European Economic Review; V.43-#?, pp. 335-356.

 

-H. Görg and E. Strobl (2000). “Multinational Companies and Indigenous Development: An Empirical Analysis”. Centre for Research on Globalisation and Labour Markets Discussion Paper, #00/22.

 

-H. Singer (1950). “The Distribution of Gains Between Investing and Borrowing Countries”, American Economic Review, V.40-#2, pp. 473-485.

 

4. Political-Economic Analysis of FDI

 

a. Government Regulation of FDI

 

(1) Corporate Income Taxation and FDI

 

-J. Dunning and M. Gilman (1976), “Alternative Policy Prescriptions and the Multinational Enterprise”; in G. Curzon, ed. The Multinaltional Enterprise in a Hostile World. London: Macmillan.

 

-P. Musgrave (1969). US Taxation of Foreign Investment Income: Issues and Arguments. Cambridge: Harvard Law School.

 

-T. Horst (1977). “American Taxation of Multinational Firms”. AER; V.67-#3, pp. 1059-1072.

 

-T. Horst (1980). “A Note on the Optimal Taxation of International Investment Income”. QJE; V.44: pp. 793-798.

 

-H. Katrak (1980). “Multinational Monopolies and Monopoly Regulation”. OEP; V.32: pp. 453-466.

 

-D. Frisch (1983). “Issues in the Taxation of Foreign Source Income”. in M. Feldstein, ed. Behavioral Simulation Methods in Tax Policy Analysis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

 

-D. Hartman (1984). “Tax Policy and Foreign Direct Investment in the US”. National Tax Journal; V.37-#?, pp. 475-487.

 

-D. Hartman (1985). “Tax Policy and Foreign Direct Investment”. JPubE; V.26: pp. 107-121.

 

-C. Findlay (1986). “Optimal Taxation of International Investment Income”. EcRec; V.62: pp. 208-214.

 

-A.L. Bovenberg (1991). “The Effects of Captial Income Taxation on International Competitiveness and Trade Flows”. AER; V.79-#5, pp. 1045-1064.

 

-J. Frenkel, A. Razin and E. Sadka (1991). International Taxation in an Integrated World. Cambridge: MIT.

 

-N. Bruce (1992). “A Note on the Taxation of International Capital Income Flows”. EcRec; V.68-#202, pp. 217-221.

 

-H. Huzinga (1995). “The Optimal Taxation of Savings and Investment in an Open Economy”. EcLets; V.47-#?, pp. 59-62.

 

-V. Christiansen (1995). “The Optimal Taxation of Risky Return to Foreign Investment”. Eca; V.62-#247, pp. 373-387.

 

-M. Gersovitz (1987). “The Effects of Domestic Taxes on Foreign Private Investment”. in D. Newberry and N. Stern, eds. The Theory of Taxation for Developing Countries. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 615-635.

 

-M. Boskin and W. Gale (1987). “New Results of the Effects of Tax Policy on International Location of Investment”. in M. Feldstein, ed. The Effects of Taxation on Capital Accumulation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

 

-H.W. Sinn (1988). “The 1986 US Tax reform and the World Capital Market”. EER; V.32-#?, pp. 325-333.

 

-K. Young (1988). “The Effects of Taxes and Rates of Return on Foreign Direct Investment in the US”. National Tax Journal; V.41-#?, pp. 109-121.

 

-G. Schjelderup (1993). “Investment Incentives and International Tax Paradoxes”. Public Finance; V.47-#3, pp. 477-486.

 

-J. Slemrod (1988). “Effect of Taxation with International Capital Mobility”. in H. Aaron, H. Galper and J. Pechman, eds. Uneasy Compromise: Problems of a Hybrid Income-Consumption Tax. Washington, DC: Brookings, 115-148.

 

-J. Slemrod (1990). “The Impact of the Tax Reform Act of 1986 on Foreign Direct Investment to and from the US”. in J. Slemrod, ed. Do Taxes Matter?: The Impact of the Tax Reform Act of 1986. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 168-197.

 

-J. Slemrod (1990). “Tax Havens, Tax Bargains and Tax Addresses: The Effect of Taxation on the Spatial Allocation of Capital”. in H. Siebert, ed. Reforming Capital Income Taxation. Tubingen: J.C.B. Mohr, pp. 23-42.

 

-J. Jun (1990). “US Tax Policy and Direct Investment Abroad”. In A. Razin and J. Slemrod, eds. Taxation in the Global Economy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp.

 

-A. Giovannini (1989). “National Tax Systems versus the European Capital Market”. Economic Policy; #9, pp. 346-386.

 

-A. Giovannini (1990). “Reforming Capital Income Taxation in the Open Economy: Theoretical Issues”. in H. Siebert, ed. Reforming Capital Income Taxation. Tubingen: J.C.B. Mohr, pp. 3-18.

 

-A. Giovannini (1990). “International Capital Mobility and Capital Income Taxation: Theory and Policy”. EER; V.34-#?, pp. 480-488.

 

-A. Razin and E. Sadka (1990). “Capital Market Integration: Issues of International Taxation”. in H. Siebert, ed. Reforming Capital Income Taxation. Tubingen: J.C.B. Mohr, pp. 155-169.

 

-A. Razin and E. Sadka (1991). “Efficient Investment Incentives in the Presence of Capital Flight”. JIE; V.31-#1/2, pp. 171-181.

 

-A. Razin and E. Sadka (1992). “International Interactions between Tax Systems and Capital Flows”. in T. Ito and A. Krueger, eds. The Political Economy of Tax Reform. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 9-26.

 

-A. Razin and J. Slemrod, eds. (1990). Taxation in the Global Economy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press\NBER.

 

-A. Sibert (1991). “Taxing Capital in a Large, Open Economy”. JPubE; V.41-#?, pp. 297-317.

 

-T. Ihori (1991). “Capital Income Taxation in a World Economy: A Territorial System versus a Residence system”. EJ; V.101-#?, pp. 958-965.

 

-P. Sen and S. Turnovsky (1990). “Investment Tax Credit in an Open Economy”. JPubE; V.42-#?, pp. 277-309.

 

-S. Turnovsky and M. Bianconi (1992). “The International Transmission of Tax Policies in a Dynamic World Economy”. RIE; V.1-#1, pp. 49-72.

 

-R. Bond (1991). “Optimal Tax and Tariff Policies with Tax Credits”. JIE; V.30-#3\4, pp. 317-329.

 

-M. Keen (1991). “Corporation Tax, Foreign Direct Investment and the Single Market”. in L.A. Winters and A. Venables, eds. European Integration: Trade and Industry. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 165-199.

 

-H. Huizinga (1991). “Foreign Investment Incentives and International Cross-Hauling of Capital”. CJE; V.24-#3, pp. 710-716.

 

-H. Huizinga (1991). “National Tax Policies Towards Product-Innovating Multinational Enterprises”. JPubE; V.44-#?, pp. 1-14.

 

-H. Huizinga (1992). “The Tax Treatment if R&D Expenditures of Multinational Enterprises”. JPubE; V.47-#?, pp. 343-359.

 

-J. Cummins and K. Hassett (1992). “The Effects of Taxation on Investment: New Evidence from Firm-Level Panel Data”. National Tax Journal; V.45-#/, pp. 243-252.

 

-R. Gordon and J. Jun (1993). “Taxes and the Form of Ownership of Foreign Corporate Equity”. . in A. Giovannini, R.G. Hubbard and J. Slemrod, eds. Studies in International Taxation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 13-44.

 

-R. Hogg and J. Mintz (1993). “Impacts of Canadian and US Tax Reform on the Financing of Canadian Subsidiaries of US Parents”. . in A. Giovannini, R.G. Hubbard and J. Slemrod, eds. Studies in International Taxation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 47-74.

 

-A. Auerbach and K. Hassett (1993). “Taxation and Foreign Direct Investment in the US: A Reconsideration of the Evidience”. in A. Giovannini, R.G. Hubbard and J. Slemrod, eds. Studies in International Taxation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 119-144.

 

-P. Wilson (1993). “The Role of Taxes in Location and Sourcing Decisions”. In A. Giovannini, R.G. Hubbard and J. Slemrod, eds. Studies in International Taxation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp.

 

-J. Jun (1995). “The Impact of International Tax Rules on the Cost of Capital”. In M. Feldstein, J. Hines and R.G. Hubbard, eds. The Effects of Taxation on Multinational Corporations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 95-122.

 

-J. Cummins and R.G. Hubbard (1995). “The Tax Sensitivity of Foreign Direct Investment: Evidence from Firm-Level Panel Data”. In M. Feldstein, J. Hines and R.G. Hubbard, eds. The Effects of Taxation on Multinational Corporations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 123-147.

 

-C. Leechor and J. Mintz (1993). “On the Taxation of Multinational Corporate Investment when the Deferral Method is Used by the Capital Exporting Country”. JPubE; V.51-#1, pp. 75-96.

 

-J. Hines (1994). “Credit and Deferral as International Investment Incentives”. JPubE; V.55-#?, pp. 323-347.

 

-J. Mintz and H. Tulkens (1996). “Optimality Properties of Alternative Systems of Taxation of Foreign Capital Income”. JPubE; V.60-#?, pp. 373-399.

 

-H.W. Sinn (1993). “Taxation and the Birth of Foreign Subsidiaries”. in H. Herberg and N.V. Long, eds., Trade, Welfare and Economic Policies. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp. 325-352.

 

-P. Hatzipanayotou (199?). “The Real Exchange Rate under Various Systems of International Capital Taxation”. SEJ; V.?-#?, pp. 1010-1019.

 

-R. Gordon (1992). “Can Capital Income Taxes Survive in Open Economies”. JFin; V.47-#?, pp. 1159-1180.

 

-R. Gordon and J. MacKie-Mason (1995). “Why is There Corporate Taxation in a Small Open Economy? The Role of Transfer Pricing and Income Shifting”. In M. Feldstein, J. Hines and R.G. Hubbard, eds. The Effects of Taxation on Multinational Corporations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 67-91.

 

-J. Hines (1996). “Altered States: Taxes and the Location of Foreign Direct Investment in America”. AER; V.86-#5, pp. 1076-1094.

 

(2) Tax Incentives, Investment Incentives and FDI

 

-D. Usher (1977) “The Economics of Tax Incentives to Encourage Investment in Less Developed Countries”; JDevE, V.4-#2, pp. 119-148.

 

-E. Bond (1981). “Tax Holidays and Investment Behavior”. REStat; V.63-#1, pp. 88-95.

 

-J. Mintz (1989). “Corporate Tax Holidays and Investment”. WBER; V.4-#1, pp. 81-102.

 

-D. Lim (1983) “Fiscal Incentives and Direct Foreign Investment in Developing Countries”; Journal of Development Studies, V.19-#?, pp. 201-212.

 

-C. Davidson, S. Matusz, and M. Kreinin (1985) “Analysis of Performance Standards for Direct Foreign Investment”, CJE, V.18-#4, pp. 876-890.

 

-E. Bond and S. Guisinger (1985) “Investment Incentives as Tariff Substitutes: A Comprehensive Measure of Protection”; REStat; V.67-#1, pp. 91-97.

 

-F. Frobel, J. Heinrichs and O. Kreye (1980) The New Internatonal Division of Labor, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; Part III.

 

-V.N. Balasubramanyam (1984) “Incentives and Disincentives for Foreign Direct Investment in Less Developed Countries”; WA, V.120-#?, pp. 720-734.

 

-D. Goldsbrough (1985). “Foreign Private Investment in Developing Countries”. IMF Occasional Paper, #33.

 

-S. Guisinger and Associates (1985) Investment Incentives and Performance Requirements: Patterns of International Trade, Production, and Investment, New York: Praeger.

 

-J. Mintz (1990). “Corporate Tax Holidays and Investment”. WBER; V.4-#?, pp. 81-102.

 

(3) Commercial Policy and FDI

 

-V. Dehejia and A. Weichenrieder (2001). “Tariff Jumping Foreign Investment and Capital Taxation”. JIE; v.53-#1, pp. 223-230.

 

-B. Balassa (1977). “Effects of Commercial Policy on International Trade, the Location of Production, and Factor Movements”. in B. Ohlin et al. (eds.) The International Allocation of Economic Activity; New York: Holmes and Meier.

 

-A. Scaperlanda and L. Mauer (1969). “The Determinants of US Direct Investment in the EEC”. AER; V.59-#?, pp. 558-568. (Comment by Goldberg and Reply, AER, 1972, pp. 692-704)

 

-A. Scaperlanda and L. Mauer (1973). “The Impact of Controls on US Direct Foreign Investment in the EEC”. SEJ; V.39-#?, pp. 419-423.

 

-A. Schmitz and J. Bieri (1972). “EEC Tariffs and US Direct Investment”. EER; V.3=#?, pp. 259-270.

 

-J. Lunn (1980). “Determinants fo US Direct Investment in the EEC: Further Evidence”. EER; V.13: 93-101.

 

-A. Scaperlanda and R. Balough (1983). “Determinants of US Direct Investment in the EEC Revisited”. EER; V.21: 381-390.

 

-A. Blair (1987). “The Relative Distribution of US Direct Investment: The UK/EEC Experience”. EER; V.31: 1137-1144.

 

-C. Culem (1988). “The Locational Determinants of Direct Investments among Industrialized Countries”. EER; V.32-#?, pp. 885-904.

 

-B. Heitger and J. Stehn (1990). “Japanese Direct Investment in the EC--Response to the Internal Market 1993?”. JCMS; V.29-#1, pp. 1-15.

 

-P. Nicolaides and S. Thomsen (1991). “Can Protection Explain Direct Investment?”. JCMS; V.29-#6, pp. 635-643.

 

-P. Arzak and K. Wynne (1995). “Protectionism and Japanese Direct Investment in the US”. JPolMod; V.17-#3, pp. 293-305.

 

-R. Barrell and N. Pain (1999). “Trade Restraints and Japanese Direct Investment Flows”. EER; V.43-#1, pp. 29-45.

 

-C.W. Morgan and K. Wakelin (2001). “The Impact of European Integration on FDI: The UK Food Industry in the 1990s”. In J. Dunning and J. Mucchielli, eds. Multinational Firms: The Global and Local Dilemma. Harwood Academic Publishers, forth.

 

-S. Girma, D. Greenaway, and K. Wakelin (1999). “Anti-dumping, Trade Barriers and Japanese Direct Investment in the UK”. Centre for Research on Globalisation and Labour Markets Discussion Paper, #99/4.

 

-S. Feinberg and M. Keane (2001). “U.S.-Canada Trade Liberalization and MNC Production Location”. REStat; V.83-#1, pp. 118-132.

 

-H.G. Grubel (1974) “Taxation and Rates of Return From Some U.S. Asset Holdings Abroad 1960-1969"; JPE, V.82-#?, pp. 469-487.

 

-G. Jenkins (1979). “Taxes, Tariffs and the Evaluation of the Benefit from Foreign Investment”. CJE; V.82-#3, pp. 469-487.

 

-M. Blejer and M. Khan (1983) “Government Policy and Private Investment in Developing Countries”; IMFSP, V.?-#?, pp.??

 

(4) Quid Pro Quo FDI

 

-J. Bhagwati (1987). “VERs, Quid Pro Quo DFI and VIEs: A Political-Economy Theoretic Analysis”. IEJ; V.1-#1, pp. 1-14.

 

-J. Bhagwati, R. Brecher, E. Dinopoulos, and T.N. Srinivasan (1987). “Quid Pro Quo Foreign Investment and Welfare: A Political Economy Theoretic Model”. JDevE; V.27-#1/2, pp. 127-138.

 

-K.Y. Wong (1989). “Optimal Threat of Trade Restriction and Quid Pro Quo Foreign Investment”. E&P; V.1-#3, pp. 277-300.

 

-E. Dinopoulos (1989). “Quid Pro Quo Foreign Investment”. E&P; V.1-#2, pp. 145-160.

 

-E. Dinopoulos and K.Y. Wong (1991). “Quid Pro Quo Foreign Investment and Policy Intervention”. in K.A. Koekkoek and C.B.M. Mennes, eds. International Trade and Global Development. London: Routledge, pp. 162-190.

 

-E. Dinopoulos (1991). “Quid Pro Quo Foreign Investment and VERs: A Nash Bargaining Approach”. E&P; V.4-#1, pp. 43-60.

 

-J. Bhagwati, E. Dinopoulos, and K.Y. Wong (1992). “Quid Pro Quo Foreign Investment”. AER; V.82-#2, pp. 186-190.

 

-L. Zhao (1996). “The Complementarity Between Endogenous Protection and Direct Foreign Investment”. E&P; V.8-#1, pp. 277-300.

 

-G. Grossman and E. Helpman (1996). “Foreign Investment with Endogenous Protection”. in R. Feenstra, G. Grossman and D. Irwin, eds. The Political Economy of Trade Policy. Cambridge: MIT, pp. 199-223.

 

-S. Takemori and M. Tsumagari (1997). “A Political Economy Theory of Foreign Investment: An Alternative Approach”. Japan and the World Economy; V.9-#4, pp. 515-531.

 

-B. Blonigen and Y. Ohno (1998). “Endogenous Protection, Foreign Direct Investment and Protection-building Trade”. JIE; V.46-#2, pp. 205-237.

 

-J. Haaland and I. Wooton (1998). “Antidumping Jumping: Reciprocal Antidumping and Industrial Location”. WA; V.134-#2, pp. 340-62.

 

-A.L. Hillman and H. Ursprung (1999). “Foreign Investment and Endogenous Protection with Protectionist Quid Pro Quo”. E&P; V.11-#1, pp. 1-12.

 

-P. Arzak and K. Wynne (1995). “Protectionism and Japanese Direct Investment in the United States”. Journal of Policy Modeling; V.17-#3, pp. 293-305.

 

-J. Goodman, D. Spar, and D. Yoffie (1996). “Foreign Direct Investment and the Demand for Protection in the US”. IO; V.50-#?, pp. 565-591.

 

R. Belderbos (1997). “Antidumping and Tariff Jumping: Japanese Firms' DFI in the European Union and the United States”. WA; V.133-#3, pp. 419-457.

 

-C.Y. Co (1997). “Japanese FDI Into the U.S. Automobile Industry: An Empirical Investigation”. Japan and the World Economy; V.9-#1, pp. 93-108.

 

-B. Bloningen and R. Feenstra (1997). “Protectionist Threats and Foreign Direct Investment”. in R. Feenstra, ed. The Effects of Trade Protection and Promotion Policies. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 55-80.

 

-B. Blonigen and D. Figlio (1998). “Voting for Protection: Does Direct Foreign Investment Influence Legislator Behavior?”. AER; V.88-#4, pp. 1002-1014.

 

-Belderbos, René and Leo Sleuwaegen, (1998). “Tariff Jumping DFI and Export Substitution: Japanese electronics firms in Europe”. Int. J. Industrial Organization, V16-#5, pp.601-638

 

-B. Bloningen (1998). “Foreign Direct Investment Responses of Firms Involved in Antidumping Investigations”. ms: University of Oregon.

 

b. Transfer Pricing and MNE Response to Government Regulation

 

(1) Optimal International Transfer Pricing under Certainty

 

-S. Lall (1973) “Transfer Pricing by Multinational Manufacturing Firms”, Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, V.35-#3, pp.173-195.

 

-G. Kopits (1976). “Taxation and Multinational Firm Behavior: A Critical Survey”. IMFSP; V.23-#3, pp. 513-548.

 

-L. Eden (1985). “The Microeconomics of Transfer Pricing”. in Rugman and Eden. Multinationals and Transfer Pricing. New York: St. Martin's, pp. 13-46.

 

-T. Horst (1973) “The Simple Analytics of Multinational Firm Behavior”, in M.B. Connolly and A.K. Swoboda, eds. International Trade and Money. London: Allen and Unwin, (Part I: pp. 72-80).

 

-T. Horst (1971) “The Theory of the Multinational Firm: Optimal Behavior under Different Tariff and Tax Rates”. JPE; V.79-#5, pp. 1059-1072.

 

-T. Itagaki (1979). “Theory of the Multinational Firm: An Analysis of the Effects of Government Policies”. IER; V.20-#2, pp. 437-448.

 

-L. Samuelson (1982). “The Multinational Firm with Arm's Length Transfer Prices”. JIE. V.13-#?, pp. 365-374.

 

-C. Kant (1988). “Foreign Subsidiary, Transfer Pricing and Tariffs”. SEJ; V.55: pp. 162-170.

 

-M. Grace and S. Berg (1990). “Multinational Enterprises, Tax Policy and R&D Expenses”. SEJ; V.57: pp. 125-138.

 

-H. Katrak (1984). “Pricing Policies of Multinational Enterprises: Host Country Regulation and Welfare”. International Journal of Industrial Organization; V.2: 327-340.

 

-C. Kant (1990). “Multinational Firms and Government Revenues”. JPubE; V.42-#?, pp. 135-147.

 

-H. Katrak (1983). “Multinational Firms' Global Strategies, Host Country Indigenissation of Ownership and Welfare”. JDevE; V.13-#?, pp. 331-348.

 

-R. Falvey and H. Fried (1986). “National Ownership Requirements and Transfer Pricing”. JDevE; V.24-#?, pp. 249-254.

 

-L.W. Copithorne (1971). “International Corporate Transfer Prices and Government Policy”. CJE; V.4-#3, pp. 324-341.

 

-E.J.R. Booth and O. Jensen (1977). “Transfer Prices in the Global Corporation under Internal and External Constraints”. CJE; V.10-#3, pp. 434-446.

 

-L. Eden (1978). “Vertically Integrated Multinationals: A Microeconomic Analysis”. CJE; V.11-#3, pp. 534-546. (also see comment by T. Itagaki, CJE, V.13-#1, pp. 176-177).

 

-L. Eden (1983). “Transfer Pricing and Policies Under Tariff Barriers”. CJE; V.16-#4, pp. 669-685.

 

-L. Nieckels (1976) Transfer Pricing in Multinational Firms. Stockholm: Almqvist and Wicksell.

 

-L. Merville and J.W. Petty (1978). “Transfer Pricing for the Multinational Firm”. Journal of Accounting Research; V.53-#4, pp. 935-951.

 

-D. Lessard (1979). “Transfer Prices, Taxes and Financial Markets: Implications of Internal Financial Transfers within the Multinational Corporation”. in R. Hawkins, ed. The Economic Effects of Multinational Corporations. Greenwich: JAI Press. pp. 101-135.

 

-M. Adler (1979). “US Taxation of US Multinational Corporations: A Manual of Computation Techniques and Managerial Decision Rules”. in M. Salant and G. Szego, eds. International Finance and Trade. Cambridge: Ballinger.

 

-A. Rugman and L. Eden, eds. (1985) Multinationals and Transfer Pricing. New York: St. Martin's.

 

-J. Wheeler (1988). “An Academic Look at Transfer Pricing in a Global Economy”. Tax Notes, July 4.

 

-W.E. Diewert (1985). “Transfer Pricing and Economic Efficiency”. in A. Rugman and L. Eden, eds. Multinationals and Transfer Pricing. New York: St. Martins, pp. 47-81.

 

-M. Stewart (1986). “US. Tax Policy, Intrafirm Transfers, and the Allocative Efficiency of Transnational Corporations”. Public Finance; V.41-#3, pp. 350-371.

 

-T. Itagaki (1991). “The Efficiency of Transfer Pricing by the Multinational Enterprise”. Public Finance; V.46-#1, pp. 66-78.

 

-C. Jie-A-Joen and L. Sleuwaegen (1997). “Multinational Firm Behaviour under Different Tariff and Tax Rates: Effects from Strategic Interaction in the Host Country”. De Economist; V.145-#1, pp. 65-89.

 

(2) Taxation, Transfer Prices and Repatriation: Empirical Research

 

-G. Jenkins and B. Wright (1975). “Taxation of Income of Multinational Corporations: The Case of the US Petroleum Industry”. REStat; V.57-#1, pp. 1-11.

 

-G. Kopits (1976). “Intra-firm Royalties Crossing Frontiers and Transfer-Pricing Behavior”. EJ; V.58-#?, pp. 791-805.

 

-D. Hartman (1977). “Deferal of Taxes on Foreign Source Income”. National Tax Journal; V.30-#4, pp. 457-462.

 

-J. Mutti (1981). “Tax Incentives and the Repatriation Decisions of US Multinational Corporations”. National Tax Journal; V.34-#2, pp. 241-248.

 

-J. Jun (1990). “US Tax Policy and Direct Investment Abroad”. in A. Razin and J. Slemrod, eds. Taxation in the Global Economy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 55-74.

 

-J. Slemrod (1990). “Tax Effects on Foreign Direct Investment in the US: Evidence from a Cross-Country Comparison”. in A. Razin and J. Slemrod, eds. Taxation in the Global Economy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 79-117.

 

-J.-T. Bernard and R. Weiner (1990). “Multinational Corporations, Transfer Prices and Taxes: Evidence from the US Petroleum Industry”. in A. Razin and J. Slemrod, eds. Taxation in the Global Economy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 123-154.

 

-J. Hines and R.G. Hubbard (1990). “Coming Home to America: Dividend Repatriations By US Multinationals”. in A. Razin and J. Slemrod, eds. Taxation in the Global Economy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 161-200.

 

-J. Hines (1991). “The Flight Paths of Migratory Corporations”. Journal of Accounting, Auditing, and Finance; V.6-#?, pp. 447-479.

 

-H. Grubert and J. Mutti (1991). “Taxes, Tariffs and Transfer Pricing in Multinational Corporate Decision-Making”. REStat; V.73-#?, pp. 285-293.

 

-D. Harris, R. Morck, J. Slemrod, and B. Yeung (1993). “Income Shifting in US Multinational Corporations”. in A. Giovannini, R.G. Hubbard and J. Slemrod, eds. Studies in International Taxation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 277-302.

 

-H. Grubert, T. Goodspeed and D. Swenson (1993). “Explaining the Low Taxable Income of Foreign Controlled Companies in the US”.. in A. Giovannini, R.G. Hubbard and J. Slemrod, eds. Studies in International Taxation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 237-270.

 

-R. Altshuler and T.S. Newlon (1993). “The Effects of US Tax Policy on the Income Repatriation Patterns of US Multinational Corporations”. . in A. Giovannini, R.G. Hubbard and J. Slemrod, eds. Studies in International Taxation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 77-115.

 

-R. Altschuler aned P. Fulghieri (1994). “Incentive Effects of Foreign Tax Credits on Multinationals”. National Tax Journal; V.47-#2, pp. 349-361.

 

-J. Collins and D. Shackelford (1992). “Foreign Tax Credit Limitations and Preferred Stock Issuance”. Journal of Accounting Research; V.30-#?, pp. 103-123.

 

-R. Altschuler, T.S. Newlon, and W. Randolph (1995). “Do Repatriation Taxes Matter? Evidence from the Tax Returns of US Multinationals”. In M. Feldstein, J. Hines and R.G. Hubbard, eds. The Effects of Taxation on Multinational Corporations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 253-272.

 

-J. Hines and E.M. Rice (1994). “Fiscal Paradise: Foreign Tax Havens and American Business”. QJE; V.?-#1, pp. 149-182.

 

-K. Froot and J. Hines (1995). “Interest Allocation Rules, Financing Patterns, and the Operations of US Multinationals”. In M. Feldstein, J. Hines and R.G. Hubbard, eds. The Effects of Taxation on Multinational Corporations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 277-307.

 

-J. Hines (1996). “Altered states: taxes and the location of foreign direct investment in America”. American Economic Review; V.86-#5, pp. 1076–1094.

 

-J. Hines (1997). “Tax policy and the activities of multinational corporations”. In: A.J. Auerbach, Editor, Fiscal Policy: Lessons from Economic Research. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 401–445.

 

-J. Hines (1999). “Lessons from behavioral responses to international taxation”. National Tax Journal; V.52-#2, pp. 305–322.

 

-A. Lyon and G. Silverstein (1995). “The Alternative Minimum Tax and the Behavior of Multinational Corporations”. In M. Feldstein, J. Hines and R.G. Hubbard, eds. The Effects of Taxation on Multinational Corporations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 153-177.

 

-D. Rousslang (1997). “International income shifting by US multinational corporations”. Applied Economics; V.29-#7, pp. 925-934.

 

-C. Hall, Y. Hamao, and T. Harris (1993). “A Comparison of Relations between Security Market Prices, Returns and Accounting Measures in Japan and the US”. Journal of International Financial Management and Accounting; V.5-#1, pp. 47-73.

 

-J. Cummins, T. Harris and K. Hassett (1995). “Accounting Standards, Information Flow, and Firm Investment Behavior”. In M. Feldstein, J. Hines and R.G. Hubbard, eds. The Effects of Taxation on Multinational Corporations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 181-221.

 

-J. Collins, D. Kemsley and M. Lang (1998). “Cross-jurisdictional income shifting and earnings valuation”. Journal of Accounting Research; V.36-#?, pp. 209–230.

 

K.A. Clausing (2001). “The impact of transfer pricing on intrafirm trade”. In: J.R. Hines, Jr., Editor, International Taxation and Multinational Activity. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 173–194.

 

-K. Clausing (2003). “Tax-Motivated Transfer Pricing and US Intrafirm Trade Prices”. Journal of Public Economics; V.87-#9/10, pp. 2207-2223.

 

(3) Transfer Pricing under Uncertainty

 

-R. Batra and J. Hadar (1979). “Theory of the Multinational Firm: Fixed versus Floating Exchange Rates”. OEP; V.31: pp 258-269.

 

-R. Batra, S. Donnenfeld and J. Hadar (1982). “Hedging Behavior by Multinational Firms”. Journal of International Business Studies; V.8: pp. 59-70.

 

-T. Itagaki (1981). “The Theory of the Multinational Firm under Exchange Rate Uncertainty”. CJE; V.14: pp. 276-297.

 

-T. Itagaki (1982). “Systems of Taxation of Multinational Firms under Exchange Risk”. SEJ; V.48: pp. 708-723.

 

-T. Itagaki (1987). “International Trade and Investment by Multinational Firms under Uncertainty”. MS; V.55: pp. 392-406.

 

-S. Das (1983). “Multinational Enterprise under Uncertainty”. CJE; V.16: pp. 420-428.

 

-T. Itagaki (1985). “The Equivalence of Tariffs and Quotas in Multinational Enterprise”. in A. Rugman and L. Eden, eds. pp. 117-131.

 

-C. Kant (1988). “Endogenous Transfer Pricing and the Effects of Uncertain Regulation”. JIE; V.24: pp. 147-157.

 

-T. Itagaki (1989). “The Multinational Enterprise under Threats of Restriction on Profit Repatriation and Exchange Control”. JDevE; V.31: pp. 369-377.

 

-T. Itagaki (1991). “A Two-Step Decision Model of the Multinational Enterprise under Foreign Demand Uncertainty”. JIE; V.30: pp. 185-190.

 

-I. Zilcha and R. Eldor (1991). “Exporting Firm and Forward Markets: The Multinational Case”. JIMF; V.10-#?, pp. 108-117.

 

-U. Broll and J. Wahl (1992). “International Investments and Exchange Rate Risks”. EJPE; V.8-#1, pp. 31-40.

 

-U. Broll and I. Zilcha (1992?). “Exchange Rate Uncertainty, Futures Markets and the Multinational Firm”. EER;

 

-U. Broll and J. Wahl (1993). “Multinational Firm, Foreign Production and Hedging Behavior”. Scottish Journal of Political Economy; V.40-#1, pp. 116-122.

 

-D. Hartman, D. (1979) “Foreign Investment and Finance With Risk”, QJE, V.93: pp. 213-232.

 

J. Alworth (1986). “A Cost of Capital Approach to the Taxation of Foreign Direct Investment Income”. in J. Edwards, J. Franks, C. Mayer and S. Schaefer, eds. Recent Developments in Corporate Finance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

 

c. Strategic Interaction between MNEs and Governments

 

(1) General Analysis of Firm-Country Bargaining

 

-P. Streeten (1976), “Bargaining With Multinationals”, World Development, V.4-#3, pp. 225-229.

 

-N. Fagre and L. Wells (1982) “Bargaining Power of Multinationals and Host Governments”, Journal of International Business Studies, V.13-#1, pp. 9-23.

 

-D. Lecraw (1984). “Bargaining Power, Ownership, and Profitability of Transnational Corporations in Developing Countries”. JIBS; V.15-#?, pp. 27-43.

 

-Dennis Encarnation and Louis Wells (1985) “Sovereignty en garde: Negotiating with Foreign Investors”; IO, V.39-#1, pp.47-78.

 

-T. Poynter (1985). Multinational Enterprises and Government Intervention. London: Croom Helm.

 

-S. Kobrin (1987). “Testing the Bargaining Hypothesis in the Manufacturing Sector in Developing Countries”. IO; V.?-#?, pp. 609-638.

 

-P. King (1988). “A Political Theory of Negotiations over Mineral Extraction Contracts in Developing Countries”. IO; V.14-#?, pp. 29-241.

 

-W. Chan Kim (1988). “The Effects of Competition and Corporate Political Responsiveness on Multinational Bargaining Power”. Strategic Management Journal; V.9-#?, pp. 289-295.

 

-B. Gomes-Casseres (1990). “Firm Ownership Preferences and Host Government Restrictions: An Integrated Approach”. JIBS; V.21-#?, pp. 1-22.

 

-J. Svejnar and S. Smith (1984). “The Economics of Joint Ventures in Less Developed Countries”. AJE; V.?-#?, pp. 149-167.

 

-C. Doyle and S. van Wijnbergen (1985/1994). “Taxation of Foreign Multinationals: A Sequential Bargaining Approach to Tax Holidays”. International Tax and Public Finance; V.1-#3, pp. 211-225.

 

-E. Bond and L. Samuelson (1986). “Tax Holidays as Signals”. AER, V.76-#4, pp. 820-826.

 

-E. Bond and L. Samuelson (1989). “Bargaining with Commitment, Choice of Techniques, and Direct Foreign Investment”. JIE; V.26-#?, pp. 77-97.

 

-I. Hansson and C. Stuart (1989). “Why is Investment Subsidized?”. IER; V.30-#3, pp. 549-559.

 

-D. Black and W. Hoyt (1989). “Bidding for Firms”. AER; V.79-#5, pp. 1249-1256.

 

-I. King and L. Weller (1992). “Commitment, Efficiency and Footloose Firms”. Eca; V.59-#1, pp. 63-73.

 

-J. Mintz (1990). “Corportate Tax Holidays and Investment”. WBER; V.4-#?, pp. 81-102.

 

-H.K. Hall and D. Nelson (1991). “The Political-Economy of Foreign Direct Investment, Part I: Characterizing the Economic Environments”. ms: Syracuse University.

 

-H.K. and D. Nelson (1991). “The Political Economy of Foreign Direct Investment, Part II: The Foundations of Bargaining Power”. ms: Syracuse University.

 

-T. Murtha (1991). “Surviving Industrial Targeting: State Credibility and Public Policy Contingencies in Multinational Subcontracting”. Journal of Law, Economics and Organization; V.7-#1, pp. 117-143.

 

-R. Veugelers (1993). “Reputation as a Mechanism Alleviating Opportunistic Host Government Behavior Against MNEs”. Journal of Industrial Economics; V.41-#1, pp. 1-17.

 

-J.D. Wilson (1996). “The Tax Treatment of Imperfectly Mobile Firms: Rent-seeking, Rent-Protection, and Rent-destruction”. in R. Feenstra, G. Grossman and D. Irwin, eds. The Political Economy of Trade Policy. Cambridge: MIT, pp. 225-244.

 

-M. Schnitzer (1999). “Expropriation and control rights: A dynamic model of foreign direct Investment”. IJIO; V.17-#8, pp. 1113-1137

 

-R. Caves (1977), “International Cartels and Monopolies in International Trade”, Dornbusch and Frenkel, International Economic Policy: Theory and Evidence, pp. 39-75, read only part II, pp. 52-75.

 

-J. Brander and B. Spencer (1987). “Foreign Direct Investment with Unemployment and Endogenous Taxes and Tariffs”. JIE; V.22: 257-279.

 

-E. Janeba (1996). “Foreign Direct Investment under Oligopoly: Profit Shifting or Profit Capturing?”. JPubE; V.60-#?, pp. 423-445.

 

-P.P. Barros (1994). “Market Equilibrium Effects of Incentives to Foreign Direct Investment”. EcLets; V.44-#?, pp. 153-157.

 

(2) Asymmetric Information and Firm-Country Bargaining

 

-T. Prusa (1990). “An Incentive Compatible Approach to the Transfer Pricing Problem”. JIE; V.28-#1/2, pp. 155-172.

 

-T. Gresik and D. Nelson (1994). “Incentive Compatible Regulation of a Foreign Owned Subsidiary”. JIE; V.36-#3/4, pp. 309-331.

 

-E. Bond and T. Gresik (1996). “Regulation of Multinational Firms with Two Active Governments: A Common Agency Approach”. JPubE; V.59-#?, pp 33-53.

 

-H. Raff (1991). “Intra-Firm Exports and Optimal Host Country Commercial Policy under Asymmetric Information”. ms.: Laval University.

 

-H. Raff (1991). “Tax Holidays, Tariffs and Foreign Direct Investment under Asymmetric Information”. ms. Laval University.

 

-H. Raff (1994). “Incentive-Compatible Regulation of Foreign-Owned Subsidiaries: A Tax Simulation for the Jamaican Bauxite Industry”. JDevE; V.45-#?, pp. 339-364.

 

-H. Raff and K. Srinivasan (1998). “Tax Incentives for Import-Substituting Foreign Investment: Does Signaling Play a Role?”. JPubE; V.67-#?, pp. 167-193.

 

-S. Donnenfeld and T. Prusa (1993). “Commercial Policy Towards Multinational Corporations under Imperfect Information”. RIE; V.1-2, pp. 164-179.

 

-P. Osmundsen, K. Hagen, and G. Schjelderup (1998). “Internationally Mobile Firms and Tax Policy”. JIE; V.45-#1, pp. 97-113.

 

-Sugata Marjit, Yew Kwang Ng, Udo Broll, and Bhaswar Moitr (1999). “Resolving the Credibility Problem of an Honest Government: A Case for Foreign Investment Subsidy”. RIE; V.7-#4, pp. 625-631.

 

(3) Analysis of Expropriation

 

-J. Eaton and M. Gersovitz (1984). “A Theory of Expropriation and Deviations from Perfect Capital Mobility”. EJ; V.94-#?, pp. 16-40.

 

-H. Mohtadi (1992). “Expropriation of Multinational Firms: The Role of Domestic Market Conditions and Domestic Rivalries”. EcInq; V.?-#?, pp. 813-830.

 

-H. Raff (1992). “A Model of Expropriation with Asymmetric Information”. JIE, V.33-#3/4, pp. 245-265.

 

-J. Thomas and T. Worrall (1994). “Foreign Direct Investment and Risk the of Expropriation”. REStud; V.61-#1, pp. 81-108.

 

-R. Veugelers (1993). “Reputation as a Mechanism Alleviating Opportunistic Host Government Behavior against MNEs”. Journal of Industrial Economics; V.41-#1, pp. 1-17.

 

-M. Williams (1975). “The Extent and Significance of the Nationalization of Foreign Owned Assets in Developing Countries, 1956-1972". OEP; V.27-#?, pp. 260-273.

 

-S. Kobrin (1980). “Foreign Enterprise and Forced Divestment in Less Developed Countries”. IO; V.34-#1, pp. 64-88.

 

-P. Sigmund (1980). Multinational in Latin America: The Politics of Nationalization. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

 

-A. Akinsanya (1980). The Expropriation of Multinational Property in the Third World. New York: Praeger.

 

d. Domestic Political-Economy of FDI: Host Countries

 

-O. Sunkel (1972), “Big Business and Dependencia”, Foreign Affairs, V.50-#?, pp. 517-531.

 

-J.-J. Servan-Schreiber (1967). The American Challenge. New York: Atheneum.

 

-R. Barnet and R. Muller (1974). Global Reach: The Power of Multinational Corporations. New York: Simon and Schuster.

 

-D. Jodice (1980) “Sources of Change in Third World Regimes for Foreign Direct Investment--1968-1976"; IO; V.34-#2, pp. 177-206.

 

-P. Evans (1984). “Transnational Linkages and the Economic Role of the State: An Analysis of Developing and Industrialized Nations in the Post-World War II Period”. in P. Evans, D. Rueschmeyer and T. Skocpol, eds. Bringing the State Back In. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 192-226.

 

-T. Moran (1974). The Politics of Dependence: Copper in Chile; Princeton: Princeton University Press.

 

-T. Moran (1978), “Multinational Corporations and Dependency: A Dialogue for Dependentistas and Non-Dependentistas”, IO; V.32-#1, pp. 170-200.

 

-P. Evans (1979), Dependent Development: The Alliance of Multinational, State and Local Capital in Brazil, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

 

-D. Bennett and K. Sharpe (1979) “Agenda Setting and Bargaining Power: The Mexican State versus Transnational Automobile Corporations,” WP; V.32-#1, pp. 57- 89.

 

-D. Bennett and K. Sharpe (1979) “Transnational Corporations and the Political Economy of Export Promotion,” IO; V.33-#2, pp. 177-201.

 

-G. Gereffi (1983), The Pharmaceutical Industry and Dependency in the Third World, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

 

-G. Gereffi and P. Evans (1981) “Transnational Corporations, Dependent Development, and State Policy in the Semi-Periphery: A Comparison of Brazil and Mexico”. Latin American Research Review; V.16-#3, pp. 31-64.

 

-F. Coronil and J. Skurski (1982) “Reproducing Dependency: Auto-Industrial Policy and Petrodollar Circulation in Venezuela,” IO, V.36-#1, pp. 61-94.

 

-R. Kaplinsky (1979) “Export-Oriented Growth: a Large International Firm in a Small Developing Country”; World Development, V.7-#8/9, pp. 825-834. (Kenyan case)

 

-S. Langdon (1981). Multinational Corporations in the Political Economy of Kenya. London: Macmillan.

 

-T. Biersteker (1986). Multinationals, The State, and Control of the Nigerian Economy. Princeton: Princeon Press.

 

-J. Grieco (1982). “Between Dependency and Autonomy: India's Experience With the International Computer Industry”, IO; V.36-#3, pp. 609-632

 

-S. Haggard and T. Cheng (1987). “State and Foreign Capital in the East Asian NICS”. in F. Deyo, ed. The Political Economy of New Asian Industrialism. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, pp. 84-135.

 

-C. Huang (1989). “The State and Foreign Investment: The Cases of Taiwan and Singapore”. Comparative Political Studies; V.22-#1, pp. 93-121.

 

-R. Herring, ed. (1983) Managing International Risk, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

 

-J. Simon (1984) “A Theoretical Perspective on Political Risk”; Journal of International Business Studies, V.15-#?, pp. 123-143.

 

e. Domestic Political-Economy of FDI: Source Countries

 

-S. Magee and L. Young (1983), “Multinationals, Tariffs and Capital Flows with Endogenous Politicians”, in Kindleberger and Audretsch, pp. 21-37.

 

-C. Lipson (1985) “The Domestic Sources of U.S. Anti-Expropriation Policy”; Part II of Standing Guard: Protecting Foreign Capital in the 19th and 20th Centuries; Berkeley: University of California Press.

 

-R. Pastor (1980) Congress and the Politics of U.S. Foreign Economic Policy, Berkeley: University of California Press; Part III.

 

-J. Gowa (1984) “Subsidizing American Corporate Expansion Abroad: Pitfalls in the Analysis of Public and Private Power”; WP, V.?-#2, pp. 180-203.

 

-R. Gilpin (1975) “The Political Economy of Foreign Investment,” in Gilpin (1975), U.S. Power and the Multinational Corporation, New York: Basic Books, pp. 44-78.

 

f. International Political-Economy of FDI

 

-K. Hamada (1966) “Strategic Aspects of Taxation on Foreign Investment Income”; QJE, V.80-#3, pp. 361-375.

 

-R. Manning (1974). “A Nash-Cournot Model of Taxation of International Capital Movements”. EcRec; V.?-#?, pp. 113-118.

 

-M. Laver (1977) “Intergovernmental Policy on Multinational Corporations: A Simple Model of Tax Bargaining”, European Journal of Political Research, v.5-#?, pp. 363-380.

 

-M. Feldstein and D. Hartman (1979) “The Optimal Taxation of Foreign Source Income”, QJE, V.?-#4, pp. 613-629.

 

-E. Bond and L. Samuelson (1989). “Strategic Behavior and the Rules for International Taxation of Capital”. EJ; V.1989-#?, pp. 1099-1111.

 

-A. Razin and E. Sadka (1991). “International Tax Competition and Gains from Tax Harmonization”. EcLets; V.37-#?, pp. 69-76.

 

-R. Gordon (1992). “Can Capital Income Taxes Survive in Open Economies”. JFin; V.47-#3, pp. 1159-1180.

 

-R. Elitzur and J. Mintz (1996). “Transfer Pricing Rules and Corporate Tax Competition”. JPubE; V.60-#?, pp. 401-422.

 

-P. Haaparanta (1996). “Competition for Foreign Direct Investment”. JPubE; V.63-#?, pp. 141-153.

 

-W. Oakland and Y. Xu (1996). “Double Taxation and Tax Deduction: A Comparison”. International Journal of Public Finance; V.3-#1, pp. 45-56.

 

-E. Bond and T. Gresik (1996). “Regulation of Multinational Firms with Two Active Governments: A Common Agency Approach”. JPubE; V.59-#?, pp 33-53.

 

-A. Haufler and I. Wooton (1999). “Country Size and Tax Competition for Foreign Direct Investment”. JPubE; V.71-#1, pp. 121-139.

 

-C. Lipson (1985) “An Unruly World? Anarchy, Rules and International Capital Flows”; in Standing Guard: Protecting Foreign Capital in the 19th and 20th Centuries; Berkeley: University of California Press, cptr. 1, pp. 1-33.

 

-R. Murray (1971), “The Internationalization of Capital and the Nation-State”, New Left Review, #67, pp. 84-109.

 

-B. Warren (1971), “Comment on Murray”, New Left Review, #68, pp. 83-88.

 

-R. Vernon (1977), Storm Over Multinationals, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, chapter 8, pp. 175-190.

 

-K. Waltz (1970), “The Myth of National Interdependence”, in Kindleberger, The International Corporation, pp. 205-233.

 

-S. Hymer (1972),”The Multinational Corporation and the Law of Uneven Development”, Bhagwati, Economics and World Order from the 1970s to the 1990s, pp. 113-140.

 

-J. Galtung (1971), “A Structural Theory of Imperialism”, Journal of Peace Research, V.8-#2, pp. 81-117.

 

-R. Gilpin (1975), U.S. Power and the Multinational Corporation, New York: Basic Books, chapters VI and VII.

 

-N. Rosenberg (1982) “U.S. Technological Leadership and Foreign Competition: de te fabula narratur?”; in Inside the Black Box: Technology and Economics, Cptr. 12, pp. 280-291.

 

-C. Lipson (1985) “International Property Rules in the 19th and 20th Centuries”; Part I of Standing Guard.

 

-P. Goldberg and C.P. Kindleberger (1970) “Toward a GATT for Investment: A Proposal for Supervision of the International Corporation”; Law and Policy in International Business, V.2-#2, pp. 295-325.

 

-D. Rosenthal and W. Knighton (1982) National Laws and International Commerce: The Problem of Extraterritoriality, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul/RIIA.

 

E. Economics of International Technology Transfer

 

1. Economics of Technology Diffusion

 

a. Equilibrium Models

 

-L. Nasbeth and G. Ray, eds. (1974). The Diffusion of New Industrial Processes. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-S. Davies (1979). The Diffusion of Process Innovations. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-P. Stoneman (1981). “Intra-firm Diffusion, Bayesian Learning and Profitability”. EJ; V.91-#?, pp. 375-388.

 

-J. Reinganum (1981). “Market Structure and the Diffusion of New Technology”. Bell Journal of Economics; V.12-#?, pp. 618-624.

 

-P. Stoneman and N. Ireland (1983). “The Role of Supply Factors in the Diffusion of New Process Technology”. EJ, V.93-Conference Supplement, pp. 66-78.

 

-N. Ireland and P. Stoneman (1986). “Technological Diffusion, Expectations and Welfare”. OEP; V.38-#?, pp. 283-304.

 

-P. Stoneman and P. David (1985). “Adoption Subsidies vs. Information Provision as Instruments of Technology Policy”. EJ; V.95-Conference Supplement, pp. 142-150.

 

-P. Stoneman (1990). “Technological Diffusion with Horizontal Product Differentiation and Adaptation Costs”. Eca; V.57-#?, pp. 49-61.

 

-L. Soete and R. Turner (1984). “Technology Diffusion and the Rate of Technical Change”. EJ; V.94-#?, pp. 612-623.

 

-J. Reinganum (1981). “On the Diffusion of New Technology: A Game Theoretic Approach”. REStud; V.48-#?, pp. 395-405.

 

-J. Reinganum (1985). “Innovation and Industry Evolution”. QJE; V.?-#?, pp. 81-99.

 

-R. Jensen (1982). “Adoption and Diffusion of an Innovation of Uncertain Profitability”. JET; V.27-#?, pp. 182-193.

 

-K. McCarlle (1985). “Information Acquisition and the Adoption of New Technology”. MgtSci; V.31-#?, pp. 1372-1385.

 

-R. Jensen (1988). “Information Capacity and Innovation Adoption”. IJIO; V.6-#?, pp. 335-350.

 

b. Evolutionary Models

 

-R. Nelson (1968). “A `Diffusion` Model of International Productivity Differences in Manufacturing Industry”. AER; V.58-#?, pp. 1218-1248.

 

-R. Nelson and S. Winter (1982). An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Growth. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

 

-M. Gort and S. Klepper (1982). “Time Paths in the Diffusion of Product Innovations”. EJ; V.92-#?, pp. 630-653.

 

-M. Gort and A. Konkayama (1982). “A Model of Diffusion in the Production of an Innovation”. AER; V.72-#?, pp. 1111-1120.

 

-K. Iwai (1984). “Schumpeterian Dynamics: An Evolutionary Model of Innovation and Imiation”. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization; V.5-#?, pp. 159-190.

 

-K. Iwai (1984). “Schumpeterian Dynamics, II: Technological Progress, Firm Growth and `Economic Selection`”. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization; V.5-#?, pp. 321-351.

 

-S. Winter (1984). “Schumpeterian Competition in Alternative Technological Regimes”. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization; V.5-#?, pp. 287-320.

 

-G. Silverberg, G. Dosi and L. Orsenigo (1988). “Innovation, Diversity and Diffusion: A Self-Organisation Model”. EJ; V.98-#?, pp. 1032-1054.

 

-R. Nelson (1982). “The Role of Knowledge in R&D Efficiency”. QJE; V.97-#?, pp. 453-470.

 

-L. Telser (1982). “A Theory of Innovation and Its Effects”. Bell Journal of Economics; V.13-#1, pp. 69-92.

 

-B. Jovanovic and R. Rob (1989). “The Growth and Diffusion of Knowledge”. REStud; V.56-#?, pp. 569-582.

 

-B. Jovanovic and R. Rob (1990). “Long Waves and Short Waves: Growth Through Intensive and Extensive Search”. Etrica; V.58-#6, pp. 1391-1409.

 

2. Static Analysis of International Technology Transfer

 

a. The Firm’s Technology Transfer Decision: Full Information

 

-M. Katz and C. Shapiro (1985). “On the Licensing of Innovations”. Rand Journal of Economics; V.16-#4, pp. 504-520.

 

-S. Marjit (1988). “A Simple Model of Technology Transfer”. EcLets; V.26-#?, pp. 63-67.

 

-S. Marjit (1990). “On a Non-Cooperative Theory of Technology Transfer”. EcLets; V.33-#?, pp. 293-298.

 

-K. Rockett (1990). “The Quality of Licensed Technology”. IJIO; V.8-#?, pp. 559-574.

 

-T. Kabiraj and S. Marjit (1992). “To Transfer or Not to Transfer the Best Technology under Threat of Entry–The Case of Price Competition”. In B. Dutta, D. Mookherjee, T. Parthasarathy, T. Rahgavan, D. Ray, and S. Tijs, eds. Game Theory and Economic Applications. Berlin: Springer, pp. 356-368.

 

-T. Kabiraj and S. Marjit (1993). “International Technology Transfer under Potential Threat of Entry”. JDevE; V.42-#1, pp. 75-88.

 

-M. Anam and S.-H. Chiang (1993). “Foreign Investment and the Optimum Terms of Technology Transfer”. CJE; V.26-#4, pp. 976-983.

 

-D. Wright (1993). “International Technology Transfer and Per-Unit Royalties”. Australian Economic Papers, V.32-#60, pp. 11-19.

 

-X.H. Wang (1998). “Fee versus Royalty Licensing in a Cournot Duopoly Model”. EcLets; V.60-#?, pp. 55-62.

 

-S. Marjit and A. Mukherjee (1998). “Technology Collaboration and Foreign Equity Participation: A Theoretical Analysis”. Review of International Economics; V.6-#1, pp. 142-150.

 

-S. Mukhopadhyay, T. Kabiraj, and A. Mukherjee (1999). “Technology Transfer under Duopoly: The Role of Cost Asymmetery”. International Review of Economics and Finance; V.8-#4, pp. 363-374.

 

-P. Roy, T. Kabiraj, and A. Mukherjee (2001). “Technology Transfer, Merger and Joint Venture: A Comparative Welfare Analysis”. Journal of Economic Integration; V.14-#3, pp. 442-466.

 

-S.Marjit, A. Mukherjee, and H.L. Shi (2001). “Cooperation in R&D: The Case of Patent Infringement Agreements”. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, V.45-#?, pp. 383-401.

 

-N. Balasubramanian and A. Mukherjee (2001). “Technology Transfer in Horizontally Differentiated Product-Market”. Research in Economics (Richerche Economiche), V.55-#3, pp. 257-274.

 

-A. Mukherjee and S. Sengupta (2001). “Joint Ventures versus Fully Owned Subsidiaries: Multinational Strategies in Liberalizing Economies”. Review of International Economics, V.9-#?, pp. 163-180.

 

-A. Mukherjee (2001). “Technology Transfer with Commitment”, Economic Theory, V.17-#2, pp. 345-369.

 

-A. Mukherjee (2002). “Subsidy and Entry: The Role of Licensing”, Oxford Economic Papers; V.54-#?, pp. 160 -171.

 

-A. Fosfuri (2000). “Patent Protection, Imitation, and Mode of Technology Transfer”. IJIO; V.18-#7, pp. 1129-1149.

 

-Pack, Howard and Kamal Saggi (2001). “Vertical Technology Transfer via International Outsourcing”. Journal of Development Economics; V.66-#2, pp. 389-415.

 

b. The Firm’s Technology Transfer Decision: Asymmetric Information

 

(1) Technology Transfer with Asymmetric Information

 

(a) Hidden Information

 

-N. Gallini and B. Wright (1990). “Technology Transfer under Asymmetric Information”. RJE; V.21-#1, pp. 147-160.

 

-D. Wright (1993). “International Technology Transfer with an Information Asymmetry and Endogenous Research and Development”. JIE; V.35-#1/2, pp. 47-67.

 

-A. Beggs (1992). “The Licensing of Patents under Asymmetric Information”. IJIO; V.10-#2, pp. 171-191.

 

-P. Schmitz (2002). “On Monopolistic Licensing Strategies under Asymmetric Information”. JET; V.106-#1, pp. 177-189.

 

-A. Mukherjee (2002). “Licensing under Asymmetric Information”. Keele Economics Research Paper; KERP 2002/13.

 

-W. Ethier (1986). “The Multinational Firm”. QJE. V.101-#4, pp. 805-833.

 

-I. Horstmann and J. Markusen (1996). “Exploring New Markets: Direct Investment, Contractual Relationships, and the Multinational Enterprise”. IER; V.37-#1, pp. 1-19.

 

(b) Hidden Action

 

i) One Sided

 

Macho-Stadler, Inés, Xavier Martinez-Giralt and J. David Pérez-Castrillo (1994). “The Role of Information in Licensing Contract Design”. Research Policy; V.25-#1, pp. 43-57

 

Choi, Jay Pil (2002). “A Dynamic Analysis of Licensing: The ‘Boomerang’ Effect and Grant-Back Clauses”. International Economic Review; V43-#3, pp. 803-829.

 

McLaren, John (1999). “Supplier Relations and the Market Context: A Theory of Handshakes”. Journal of International Economics; V.48-#1, pp. 121-138.

 

McLaren, John (2000). “‘Globalization’ and Vertical Structure”. American Economic Review; V.90-#5, pp. 1239-1254.

 

McLaren, John (2003). “Trade and Market Thickness: Effects on Organizations”. Journal of the European Economic Association; V.1-#2/3, pp. 328-336.

 

Choi, Jay Pil and Sang-Seung Yi (2000). “Vertical Foreclosure with the Choice of Input Specification”. RAND Journal of Economics; V.31-#4, pp. 717-743..

 

Grossman, Gene and E. Helpman (2002). “Integration versus Outsourcing in Industry Equilibrium”. QJE; V.117-#1, pp. 85-120.

 

Grossman, Gene and E. Helpman (2003). “Outsourcing versus FDI in Industry Equilibrium”. Journal of the European Economics Association; V.1-#2/3, pp. 317-327.

 

Grossman, Gene and E. Helpman (2003). “Managerial Incentives and the International Organization of Production”. Journal of International Economics; forthcoming.

 

Horstmann, Ignatius and James Markusen (1987). “Licensing versus Direct Investment: A Model of Internalization by the Multinational Firm”. CJE; V.20-#3, pp. 464-481.

 

Beladi, Hamid and Kislaya Prasad (1995). “Asset Specificities, Multinational Firms and International Trade”. JITE; V.151-#4, pp. 593-612.

 

ii) Two-Sided

 

Ethier, Wilfred and James Markusen (1996). “Multinational Firms, Technology Diffusion and Trade”. JIE; V.41-#1/2, pp. 1-28.

 

Markusen, James (2001). “Contracts, Intellectual Property Rights, and Multinational Investment in Developing Countries”. JIE; V.53-#1, pp. 189-204.

 

Fosfuri, Andrea, Massimo Motta, and Thomas Rønde (2001). “Foreign Direct Investment and Spillovers Through Workers’ Mobility”. JIE; V.53-#1, pp. 205-222.

 

Choi, Jay Pil (2001). “Technology Transfer with Moral Hazard”. IJIO; V.19-#1/2, pp. 249-266.

 

-S. Marjit and A. Mukherjee (2001). “Technology Transfer under Asymmetric Information: The Role of Equity Participation”. Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, V.157-#2, pp. 281-300.

 

(2) Contracting with Two-Sided Moral Hazard

 

(a) Consumer Products and Warranties

 

Kambhu, John (1982). “Optimal Product Quality under Asymmetric Information and Moral Hazard”. Bell Journal of Economics; V.13-#2, pp. 483-492.

 

Cooper, Russell and Thomas Ross (1985). “Product Warranties and Double Moral Hazard”. Rand Journal of Economics; V.16-#1, pp. 103-113.

 

Cooper, Russell and Thomas Ross (1988). “An Intertemporal Model of Warranties”. Canadian Journal of Economics; V.21-#1, pp. 72-86.

 

Emons, Winand (1988). “Warranties, Moral Hazard, and the Lemons Problem”. Journal of Economic Theory; V.46-#1, pp. 16-33.

 

Mann, Duncan and Jennifer Wissink (1988). “Money Back Contracts with Double Moral Hazard”. Rand Journal of Economics; 19-#2, pp. 285-292.

 

Mann, Duncan and Jennifer Wissink (1989). “Hidden Actions and Hidden Characteristics in Warranty Markets”. International Journal of Industrial Organization; V.8-#1, pp. 53-72.

 

Dybvig, Philip and Nancy Lutz (1993). “Warranties, Durability, and Maintenance: Two-Sided Moral Hazard in a Continuous-Time Model”. Review of Economic Studies; V.60-#3, pp. 575-597.

 

Al-Najjar, Nabil (1995). “Reputation, Product Quality and Warranties”. Journal of Economics and Management Strategy; V.3-#4, pp. 605-637.

 

(b) Employment Contracts and General P-A Models

 

Holmström, Bengt (1982). “Moral Hazard in Teams”. Bell Journal of Economics; V.13-#2, pp. 324-340.

 

Eswaran, Mukesh and Ashok Kotwal (1985). “The Moral Hazard of Budget Breaking”. RAND Journal of Economics; V.15-#?, pp. 578-581.

 

Demski, Joel and David Sappington (1991). “Resolving Double Moral Hazard with Buyout Agreements”. RAND Journal of Economics; V.22-#2, pp. 232-240.

 

Strausz, Roland (1997). “Delegation of Monitoring in a Principal-Agent Relationship”. Review of Economic Studies; V.64-#3, pp. 337-357.

 

Al-Najjar, Nabil (1997). “Incentive Contracts in Two-Sided Moral Hazards with Multiple Agents”. Journal of Economic Theory; V.74-#1, pp. 174-195.

 

Gupta Srabana and Richard Romano (1998). “Monitoring the Principal with Multiple Agents”. RAND Journal of Economics; V.29-#2, pp. 427-442.

 

Kim, Son Ku and Susheng Wang (1998). “Linear Contracts and Double Moral Hazard”. Journal of Economic Theory; V.82-#2, pp. 342-378.

 

Itoh, Hideshi (2001). “Job Design and Incentive in Hierarchies with Team Production”. Hitotsubashi Journal of Commerce and Management; V.36-#1, pp. 1-17.

 

Agrawal, Pradeep (2002). “Double Moral Hazard, Monitoring, and the Nature of Contracts”. Journal of Economics (ZfN); V.75-#1, pp. 33-61.

 

Carmichael, H. Lorne (1983). “The Agent-Agents Problem: Payment by Relative Output”. Journal of Labor Economics; V.1-#1, pp. 50-65.

 

Kahn, Charles and Gur Huberman (1988). “Two-sided Uncertainty and ‘Up-or-Out’ Contracts”. Journal of Labor Economics; V.6-#4, pp. 423-44.

 

Tsoulouhas, Theofanis (1999). “Do Tournaments Solve the Two-Sided Moral Hazard Problem?”. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization; V.40-#3, pp. 275-294.

 

Legros, Patrick and Hitoshi Matsushima (1993). “Efficiency in Partnerships”. Journal of Economic Theory; V.55-#2, pp. 296-322.

 

Jelovac, Izabela and Inés Macho-Stadler (2002). “Comparing Organizational Structures in Health Services”. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization; V.49-#4, pp. 501-522.

 

Chang, Juin-jen, Ching-Chong Lai, and Chung-cheng Lin (2003). “Profit Sharing, Worker Effort, and Double-Sided Moral Hazard in an Efficiency Wage Model”. Journal of Comparative Economics; V.31-#1, pp. 75-93.

 

(c) Franchising

 

Rubin, Paul (1978). “The Theory of the Firm and the Structure of the Franchise Contract”. Journal of Law and Economics; V.21-#1, pp. 223-233.

 

Mathewson, Frank and Ralph Winter (1985). “The Economics of Franchise Contracts”. Journal of Law and Economics; V.28-#3, pp. 503-526.

 

Lal, Rajiv (1990). “Improving Channel Coordination through Franchising”. Marketing Science; V.9-#4, pp. 299-318.

 

Mathewson, Frank and Ralph Winter (1994). “Territorial Restrictions in Franchise Contracts”. Economic Inquiry; V.32-#2, pp. 181-192.

 

Bhattacharya, Sugato and Francine Lafontaine (1995). “Double-Sided Moral Hazard and the Nature of Share Contracts”. Rand Journal of Economics; V.26-#4, pp. 761-781.

 

Lafontaine, Francine and Sugato Bhattacharyya (1995). “The Role of Risk in Franchising”. Journal of Corporate Finance: Contracting, Governance and Organization; V.2-1/2, pp. 39-74.

 

Lutz, Nancy (1995). “Ownership Rights and Incentives in Franchising”. Journal of Corporate Finance: Contracting, Governance and Organization; V.2-1/2, pp. 103-131.

 

Minkler, Alanson and Timothy Park (1994). “Asset Specificity and Vertical Integration in Franchising”. Review of Industrial Organization; V.9-#4, pp. 409-423.

 

Wimmer, Bradley and John Garen (1997). “Moral Hazard, Asset Specificity, Implicit Bonding, and Compensation: The Case of Franchising”. Economic Inquiry; V.35-#3, pp. 544-554.

 

Brickley, James (2002). “Royalty Rates and Upfront Fees in Share Contracts: Evidence from Franchising”. Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization; V.18-#2, pp. 511-35.

 

(d) Share Tenancy

 

Reid, Joseph (1973). “Sharecropping as an Understandable Market Response–The Post-Bellum South”. Journal of Economic History; V.33-#1, pp. 106-130.

 

Eswaran, Mukesh and Ashok Kotwal (1985). “A Theory of Contractual Structure in Agriculture”. American Economic Review; V.75-#3, pp. 352-367.

 

Sengupta, Kunal (1997). “Limited Liability, Moral Hazard and Share Tenancy”. Journal of Development Economics; V.52-#2, pp. 393-407.

 

Agrawal, Pradeep (1999). “Contractual Structure in Agriculture”. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization; V.39-#3, pp. 293-325.

 

Ghatak, Maitreesh and Priyanka Pandey (2000). “Contract Choice in Agriculture with Joint Moral Hazard in Effort and Risk”. Journal of Development Economics; V.63-#2, pp. 303-326.

 

(e) Other

 

Lanoie, Paul (1991). “Occupational Safety and Health: A Problem of Single or Double Moral Hazard?”. Journal of Risk and Insurance; V.58-#1, pp. 80-100.

 

Romano, Richard (1994). “Double Moral Hazard and Resale Price Maintenance”. RAND Journal of Economics; V.25-#3, pp. 455-466.

 

Tao, Zhigang and Susheng Wang (1998). “Foreign Direct Investment and Contract Enforcement”. Journal of Comparative Economics; V.26-#4, pp. 761-782.

 

Che, Yeon-Koo and Donald Hausch (1999). “Cooperative Investments and the Value of Contracting”. AER; V.89-#1, pp. 125-147.

 

Hsiao, Cheng, Jeffrey Nugent, Isabelle Perrigne and Jicheng Qiu (1998). “Shares versus Residual Claimant Contracts: The Case of Chinese TVEs”. Journal of Comparative Economics; V.26-#2, pp. 317-337.

 

Banerji, Sanjay, Andrew Chen and Sumon Mazumdar (2002). “Universal Banking under Bilateral Information Asymmetry”. Journal of Financial Services Research; V.22-#3, pp. 169-187.

 

c. Static Effects of Technology Transfer

 

-A. Berry (1974). “Static Effects of Technological Borrowing on National Income: A Taxonomy of Cases”. WA; V.110: 580-607.

 

-M.B. Connolly (1973). “Induced Technical Change and the Transfer Mechanism”. in M. Connolly and A. Swoboda, eds. International Trade and Money. Toronto: pp. 55-71.

 

-C.A. Rodriguez (1975). “Trade in Technical Knowledge and National Advantage”. JPE; V.83-#1, pp. 121-135.

 

-R. Brecher (1982). “Optimal Policy in the Presence of Licensed Technology from Abroad”. JPE; V.90-#5, pp. 1070-1078.

 

-R. McCulloch and J. Yellen (1982). “Technology Transfer and the National Interest”. IER. V.23-#2, pp. 421-428.

 

-E. Berglas and R. Jones (1977). “The Export of Technology”. in Brunner and Meltzer (eds) Optimal Policies, Control Theory and Technology Exports. pp. 159-202.

 

-H. Lapan and P. Bardhan (1973). “Localized Technical Progress and Transfer of Technology and Economic Development”. JET; V.6-#?, pp. 585-595.

 

-H. Lapan (1975). “The Possibility of Reversing the Trade Pattern with Internationally-Diffused Localized Technical Progress”. JIE; V.5-#?, pp. 289-298.

 

-P. Bardhan and K. Kletzer (1984). “Quality Variations and the Choice Between Foreign and Indigenous Goods or Technology”. JDevE; V.14-#?, pp. 324-330.

 

-K. Miyagiwa (1988). “International Transfer of Localized Technology and Factor Income in the Ricardo-Viner Model”. CJE; V.21-#4, pp. 736-746.

 

-F. Lee and O. Shy (1992). “A Welfare Evaluation of Technology Transfer to Joint Ventures in the Developing Countries”. International Trade Journal; V.7-#2, pp. 205-230.

 

-K. Miyagiwa (1993). “Large is Beautiful: the Welfare Effect of Technology Transfer Reconsidered”. JDevE; V.41-#?, pp. 179-190.

 

-Pack, Howard and Kamal Saggi (1997). “Inflows of Foreign Technology and Indigenous Technological Development”. Review of Development Economics; V.1-#1, pp. 81-98.

 

-T. Kabiraj and S. Marjit (2003). “Protecting Consumers through Protection: The Role of Tariff-Induced Technology Transfer”. EER; V.47-#?, pp. 113-124.

 

-N. Rosenberg (1981). “The International Transfer of Technology: Implications for the Industrialized Countries”; in N. Rosenberg (1982) Inside the Black Box: Technology and Economics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

 

3. Dynamic Analysis of International Technology Transfer and Product Life Cycle

 

-R. Vernon (1966), “International Investment and International Trade in the Product Cycle”, QJE, V.80-#2, pp. 190-207.

 

-R. Vernon (1979), “The Product Cycle Hypothesis in a New International Environment”, Oxford Bulletin of Economics, V.41-#?, pp. 255-267.

 

-T. Koizumi and K. Kopecky (1977). “Economic Growth, Capital Movements and the International Transfer of Technical Knowledge.” JIE; V.7: 45-65.

 

-R. Findlay (1978). “Relative Backwardness, Direct Foreign Investment, and the Transfer of Technology: A Simple Dynamic Model”. QJE; V.92-#1, pp. 1-16.

 

-P. Krugman (1979). “A Model of Innovation, Technology Transfer and the World Distribution of Income”. JPE; V.87-#2, pp. 253-266.

 

-C. Rodriguez (1981). “The Technology Transfer Issue”. in S. Grassman and E. Lundberg, eds. The World Economic Order: Past and Prospects. London: Macmillan, pp. 167-193.

 

-R. Feenstra and K. Judd (1982). “Tariffs, Technology Transfer and Welfare”. JPE; V.90-#6, pp. 1142-1165.

 

-T. Pugel (1982). “Endogenous Technological Change and International Technology Transfer in a Ricardian Trade Model”. JIE; V.13-#?, pp. 321-335.

 

-F. Gehrels (1983). “Foreign Investment and Technology Transfer: Optimal Policies”. WA; V.119-#4, pp. 663-685.

 

-R. Brecher and E. Choudhri (1984). “New Products and the Factor Content of International Trade”. JPE; V.92-#5, pp. 965-971.

 

-D. Dollar (1986). “Technological Innovation, Capital Mobility and the Product Life Cycle in North-South Trade”. AER; V.76-#1, pp. 177-190.

 

-D. Dollar (1987). “Import Quotas and the Product Life Cycle”. QJE; V.102-#?, pp. 615-632.

 

-R. Jensen and M. Thursby (1986). “A Strategic Approach to the Product Life Cycle”. JIE; V.21-#?, pp. 269-284.

 

-R. Jensen and M. Thursby (1987). “A Decision-Theoretic Model of Innovation, Technology Transfer, and Trade”. REStud; V.54-#?, pp. 631-647.

 

-P. Succar (1987). “International Technology Transfer: A Model of Endogenous Technological Assimilation”. JDevE; V.26-#?, pp. 375-395.

 

-H. Flam and E. Helpman (1987). “Vertical Product Differentiation and North-South Trade”. AER; V.77-#5, pp. 810-822.

 

-G. Grossman and E. Helpman (1989). “Product Development and International Trade”. JPE; V.97-#6, pp. 1261-1283.

 

-G. Grossman and E. Helpman (1991). “Quality Ladders and Product Cycles”. QJE; V.?-#?, pp. 557-586.

 

-G. Grossman and E. Helpman (1991). “Endogenous Product Cycles”. EJ; V.101-#408, pp. 1214-1229.

 

-P.L. Tsai (1989). “Foreign Investment, Technology Transfer and Foreign Capital Impact Function”. IEJ; V.3-#2, pp. 43-56.

 

-S. Marjit (1989). “The Product Cycle Hypothesis and The HOS Theory of International Trade”. JIEI; V.4-#1, pp. 5-14.

 

-Y.Y. Choi (1989). “Cross-Technology Trade and the Positive Sum Effect”. IEJ; V.3-#2, pp. 57-71.

 

-C. Chiarella, M. Kemp and N.V. Long (1989). “Innovation and the Transfer of Technology: A Leader-Follower Model”. Economic Modelling; V.4-#?, pp. 452-456.

 

-H. Wan (1993). “Trade, Development and Inventions”. in H. Herberg and N.V. Long, eds., Trade, Welfare and Economic Policies. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp. 239-254.

 

-M.L. Lau and H. Wan (1991). “Technology Transfers and the Theory of Growth: Experiences from East Asian Economies”. Seoul Journal of Economics; V.4-#?, pp. 109-122.

 

-M.L. Lau and H. Wan (1994). “On the Mechanism of Catching Up”. EER; V.38-#?, pp. 952-963.

 

-P. Segerstrom, T. Anant and E. Dinopoulos (1990). “A Schumpeterian Model of the Product Life Cycle”. AER; V.80-#5, pp. 1077-1092.

 

-E. Dinopoulos, J. Oehmke and P. Segerstrom (1992). “High-Technology-Industry Trade and Investment: The Role of Factor Endowments”. JIE; V.34-#1/2, pp. 49-71.

 

-N. Stokey (1991). “The Volume and Composition of Trade Between Rich and Poor Countries”. REStud; V.58-#1, pp. 63-80.

 

-J.Y. Wang (1990). “Growth, Technology Transfer, and the Long-run Theory of International Capital Movements”. JIE; V.29-#3/4, pp. 255-271.

 

-E.L.C. Lai (1995). “The Product Cycle and the World Distribution of Income: A Reformulation”. JIE; V.39-#3/4, pp. 369-382.

 

-R. van Elkan (1996). “Catching Up and Slowing Down: Learning and Growth Patterns in an Open Economy”. JIE; V.41-#1/2, pp. 95-111.

 

-M. Benarroch (1996). “Scale Economies, Wage Differentials, and North-South Trade”. JDevE; V.51-#?, pp. 327-342.

 

-Glass, Amy (1997). “Product Cycles and Market Penetration”. International Economic Review; V.38-#4, pp. 865-891.

 

-Glass, Amy and Kamal Saggi (1998). “International Technology Transfer and the Technology Gap”. Journal of Development Economics; V.55-#2, pp. 369-398.

 

-L. Wells (1969). “Test of a Product Cycle Model of International Trade: US Exports of Consumer Durables”. QJE; V.83-#1, pp. 152-162.

 

-S. Hirsch (1975). “The Product Cycle Model of International Trade--A Multi-country Cross Section Analysis”. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics; V.37-#4, pp. 305-317.

 

-D. Audretsch (1987). “An Empirical Test of the Industry Life-cycle”. WA; V.123-#?, pp. 297-307.

 

-J. Gagnon and A. Rose (1995). “Dynamic Persistence of Industry Trade Balances: How Pervasive is the Product Cycle?”. OEP; V.47-#?, pp. 229-248.

 

4. Property Rights, Patents and Technology Transfer

 

a. Overviews

 

-K. Maskus and D. Konan (1994). “Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights: Issues and Exploratory Results”. in A. Deardorff and R. Stern, eds. Analytical and Negotiating Issues in the Global Trading System. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp. 401-443.

 

-Subramanian, Arvind (1997). “Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights and Asian Developing Countries: An Analytical View”. In A. Panagariya, M.G. Quibria, and N. Rao, eds. The global trading system and developing Asia. New York: Oxford University Press/Asian Development Bank, pp. 304-357.

 

-Maskus, Keith (2000). Intellectual property rights in the global economy. Washington, DC: IIE.

 

b. Static Analysis

 

-H. Davies (1977). “Technology Transfer Through Commercial Transactions”. Journal of Industrial Economics; V.26-#?, pp. 161-175.

 

-M. Berkowitz and Y. Kotowitz (1982). “Patent Policy in an Open Economy”. CJE; V. 25-#1, pp. 1-17.

 

-J. Chin and G. Grossman (1990). “Intellectual Property Rights and North-South Trade”. in R. Jones and A. Krueger, eds. The Political Economy of International Trade. Oxford: Blackwell. pp. 90-107.

 

-R. Feinberg and D. Rousslang (1990). “The Economic Effects of Intellectual Property Infringements”. JBus; V.63-#?, pp. 79-90.

 

-Rapp, Richard and Richard Rozek (1990). “Benefits and Costs of Intellectual Property Protection in Developing Countries”. Journal of World Trade, V.24-#5, pp. 74-102.

 

-I. Diwan and D. Rodrik (1991). “Patents, Appropriate Technology, and North-South Trade”. JIE; V.30-#1/2, pp. 27-47.

 

-M. Schwartz (1991). “Patent Protection Through Discriminatory Exclusion of Exports”. Review of Industrial Organization; V.6-#?, pp. 231-246.

 

-A. Deardorff (1992). “Welfare Effects of Global Patent Protection”. Eca; V.59-#1, pp. 35-51.

 

-M. Ferrantino (1993). “The Effect of Intellectual Property Rights on International Trade and Investment”. WA; V.129-#?, pp. 300-331.

 

-K. Maskus and M. Penubarti (1995). “How Trade-related Are Intellectual Property Rights?”. JIE; V.39-#3/4, pp. 227-248.

 

-Maskus, Keith and Mohan Penubarti (1997). “Patents and International Trade: An Empirical Study”. In K. Maskus, P. Hooper, E. Leamer, and J.D. Richardson, eds Quiet pioneering: Robert M. Stern and his international economic legacy. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp. 95-118.

 

-K. Maskus (1998). “The International Regulation of Intellectual Property”. WA; V.134-#2, pp. 186-207.

 

-J. Anton and D. Yao (1994).”Expropriations and Inventions: Appropriable Rents in the Absence of Property Rights”. AER; V.84-#1, pp. 190-209.

 

R. Aoki and T. Prusa (1993). “International Standards for Intellectual Property Protection and R&D Incentives”. JIE; V.35-#3/4, pp. 251-273.

 

-M.S. Taylor (1993). “TRIPs, Trade and Technology Transfer”. CJE; V.36-#3, pp. 625-637.

 

-R.S. Richardson and J. Gaisford (1996). “North-South Disputes over the Protection of Intellectual Property”. CJE; V.29-Special Issue, part 2, pp. S376-S381.

 

-S. Vishwasrao (1994). “Intellectual Property Rights and the Mode of Technology Transfer”. JDevE; V.44-#?, pp. 381-402.

 

-Žigić, Krešimir (1998). “Intellectual Property Rights Violations and Spillovers in North--South Trade”. European Economic Review; V.42-#9, pp. 1779-1799.

 

-Žigić, Krešimir (1998). “Tariffs, Spillovers and North-South Trade”. Zagreb International Review of Economics and Business; V.1-#2, pp. 21-46.

 

-Žigić, Krešimir (2000). “Strategic Trade Policy, Intellectual Property Rights, and North-South Trade”. Journal of Development Economics; V.61-#1, pp. 21-60.

 

c. Dynamic Analysis: IPRs, Technology Transfer and Growth

 

-E. Helpman (1993). “Innovation, Imitation, and Intellectual Property Rights”. Etrica; V.61-#6, pp. 1247-1280.

 

-M.S. Taylor (1994). “TRIPs, Trade and Growth”. IER; V.35-#2, pp. 361-381.

 

-E.L.-C. Lai (1998) “International Intellectual Property Rights Protection and the Rate of Product Innovation”. Journal of Development Economics; V. 55-#?, pp. 131-153.

 

-K. Saggi (1999). “Foreign Direct Investment, Licensing, and Incentives for Innovation”. RIE; V.7-#4, pp. 699-714.

 

-L. Hotte, N.V. Long, and H. Tian (2000). “International Trade with Endogenous Enforcement of Property Rights”. Journal of Development Economics; V.62-#1, pp. 25-54.

 

-Yang, Guifang and Keith Maskus (2001). “Intellectual Property Rights, Licensing, and Innovation in an Endogenous Product-Cycle Model”. Journal of International Economics; V.53-#1, 169-87.

 

d. Empirical Studies

 

Lanjouw, Jean and Josh Lerner (1999). “The Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights: A Survey of the Empirical Literature”. Annales d'Economie et de Statistique; #49/50, pp. 223-246.

 

-R. Gadbaw and T. Richards, eds. (1988). Intellectual Property Rights: Global Consensus, Global Conflict. Boulder: Westview.

 

-M. Ferrantino (1993). “The Effect of Intellectual Property Rights on International Trade and Investment”. WA; V.129-#2, pp. 300-331.

 

-Smith, Pamela (1999). “Are Weak Patent Rights a Barrier to U.S. Exports?”. Journal of International Economics; V.48-#1, pp. 151-177.

 

-Maskus, Keith and Christine McDaniel (1999). “Impacts of the Japanese Patent System on Productivity Growth”. Japan and the World Economy; V.11-#4, pp. 557-574.

 

-G. Yang and K. Maskus (2001). “Intellectual Property Rights and Licensing: An Econometric Analysis”. WA; V.137-#1, pp. 80-104.

 

-Subramanian, Arvind (1994). “Putting Some Numbers on the TRIPS Pharmaceutical Debate”. Journal of Technology Management; V.10-#?, pp. 1-17.

 

Lanjouw, Jean and Iain Cockburn (2000). “Do Patents Matter? Empirical Evidence after GATT”. NBER Working Paper; #7495.

 

Lanjouw, Jean and Iain Cockburn (2001). “New Pills for Poor People? Empirical Evidence after GATT”. World Development; V.29-#2, pp. 265-289.

 

Ginarte, Juan Carlos and Walter Park (1997). “Determinants of Patent Rights: A Cross-National Study”. Research Policy. V. 26-#3, pp. 283-301.

 

Park, Walter and Carlos Ginarte (1997). “Intellectual Property Rights and Economic Growth”. Contemporary Economic Policy, V.15-#3, pp. 51-61.

 

Gould, David and William Gruben (1996). “The Role of Intellectual Property Rights in Economic Growth”. Journal of Development Economics, 48-#2, pp. 323-50.

 

McCalman, Phillip (2001). “Reaping What You Sow: An Empirical Analysis of International Patent Harmonization”. Journal of International Economics; V.55-#1, pp. 161-186.

 

e. Policy Discussions

 

-K. Maskus (1990). “Normative Concerns in the International Protection of Intellectual Property Rights”. World Economy; V.13-#?, pp. 387-409.

 

-A. Deardorff (1990). “Should Patent Protection be Extended to All Developing Countries”. World Economy; V.13-#?, pp. 497-508.

 

-A. Butler (1990). “The Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights: What is At Stake?”. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review; Nov/Dec, pp. 34-46.

 

-R. Evenson (1990). “Intellectual Property Rights, R&D, Inventions, Technology Purchase, and Piracy in Economic Development: An International Comparative Study”. In R. Evenson and G. Ranis, eds. Science and Technology: Lessons for Development Policy. Boulder: Westview, pp. 325-355.

 

-Maskus, Keith and Mohamed Lahouel (2000). “Competition Policy and Intellectual Property Rights in Developing Countries”. World Economy; V.23-#4, pp. 595-611.

 

Maskus, Keith (2000)). “Lessons from Studying the International Economics of Intellectual Property Rights”. Vanderbilt Law Review: V.53-#?, pp. 2219-2244.

 

-Subramanian, Arvind and Jayashree Watal (2000). “Can Trips Serve as an Enforcement Device for Developing Countries in the WTO?”. Journal of International Economic Law; V.3-#3, pp. 403-416.

 

-Adolf, Huala (2001). “Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights and Developing Countries”. Developing Economies; V.39-#1, pp. 49-84.

 

-Ganslandt, Mattias, Keith Maskus, and Eina Wong (2001). “Developing and Distributing Essential Medicines to Poor Countries: The DEFEND Proposal”. World Economy; V.24-#6, pp. 779-795.

 

5. MNEs and International Technology Transfer

 

a. The Technology Transfer Decision

 

(1) Theory

 

-T. Horst (1973) “The Simple Analytics of Multinational Firm Behavior”, in M.B. Connolly and A.K. Swoboda International Trade and Money, London: Allen and Unwin, (Part II: pp. 80-84).

 

-S. Magee (1981), “The Appropriability Theory of the MNE”, Annals AAPSS, #458, pp. 123-135.

 

-S. Magee (1977) “Application of the Dynamic Limit Pricing Model to the Price of Technology and International Technology Transfer”, in K. Brunner and A. Meltzer, eds. pp. 203-224.

 

-D. Teece (1977) “Technology Transfer by Multinational Firms: The Resource Cost of Transferring Technological Know-How”; EJ, V.87-#?, pp. 242-261.

 

-A. Lake (1979). “Technology Creation and Technology Transfer by Multinational Firms”. in Robert Hawkins (ed.) The Economic Effects of the Multinational Corportation (Research in International Business and Finance, V.1). Greenwich: JAI Press, pp. 137-187.

 

-Glass, Amy and Kamal Saggi (2002). “Multinational Firms and Technology Transfer”. ScanJE; V.104-#4, pp. 495-513.

 

(2) Empirical Research

 

-E. Mansfield, A. Romeo and S. Wagner (1979). “Foreign Trade and US R&D”. REStat; V.61-#1, pp. 49-57.

 

-E. Mansfield and A. Romeo (1980) “Technology Transfer to Overseas Subsidiaries by U.S. Based Firms”, QJE; V.95-#4, pp. 737-750.

 

-P. Buckley and M. Casson (1981) “The Optimal Timing of a Foreign Direct Investment”; EJ, V.91-#?, pp. 75-87; B&C, Chapter 5.

 

-R. Stobaugh and L. Wells (1984). Technology Crossing Borders: The Choice, Transfer, and Management of International Technology Flows. Cambridge: Harvard Business School.

 

-R. Caves, H. Crookell, and J.P. Killing (1983). “The Imperfect Market for Technology Licenses”. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics; V.45-#?, pp. 248-267.

 

-J. Dunning (1983). “Market Power of the Firm and International Transfer of Technology: A Historical Excursion”. International Journal of Industrial Organization, V.1: 333-351.

 

-E. Mansfield (1993). “Unauthorized Use of Intellectual Property: Effects on Investment, Technology Transfer, and Innovation”. In M. Wallerstein, M. Mogee, and R. Schoen ed. Global Dimensions of Intellectual Property Rights in Science and Technology. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences Press, pp. 107-145

 

-J.-Y. Lee and E. Mansfield (1996). “Intellectual Property Protection and U.S. Foreign Direct Investment”. REStat; V.78-#?, pp. 181-186.

 

-C. Prima Braga and C. Fink (2000). International Transactions in Intellectual Property and Developing Countries”. International Journal of Technology Management; V.19-#?, pp. 35-56.

 

-E. Mansfield, D. Teece and A. Romeo (1979). “Overseas R&D by US-Based Firms”. Eca; V.46-#2, pp. 187-196

 

-R. Lipsey, M. Blomstrom and I. Kravis (1990). “R&D By Multinational Firms and Host Country Exports”. In R. Evensona and G. Ranis, eds. Science and Technology: Lessons for Development Policy. Westview: Boulder, pp. 271-300.

 

-M. Zejan (1990). “R&D Activities in Affiliates of Swedish Multinational Enterprises”. ScanJE; V.92-#?, pp. 487-500.

 

-J. Hines (1993). “On the Sensitivity of R&D to Delicate Tax Changes: The Behavior of US Multinationals in the 1980s”. in A. Giovannini, R.G. Hubbard and J. Slemrod, eds. Studies in International Taxation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 149-187.

 

-J. Hines (1994). “No Place Like Home: Tax Incentives and the Location of R&D by American Multinationals”. In J. Poterba, ed. Tax Policy and the Economy (vol 8). Cambridge: MIT, pp. 65-104.

 

-J. Hines (1995). “Taxes, Technology Transfer, and the R&D Activities of Multinational Firms”. In M. Feldstein, J. Hines and R.G. Hubbard, eds. The Effects of Taxation on Multinational Corporations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 225-248.

 

b. Economic Consequences of Technology Transfer by MNEs

 

(1) Theory

 

Buckley, Peter (1983). “New Forms of International Industrial Cooperation: A Survey of the Literature with Special Reference to North-South Technology Transfer”. Aussenwirtschaft; V.38-#2, pp. 195-222.

 

Reddy, N. Mohan and Liming Zhao (1990). “International Technology Transfer: A Review”. Research Policy; V.19-#4, pp. 285-307.

 

Saggi, Kamal (2002). “Trade, Foreign Direct Investment and International Technology Transfer: A Survey”. World Bank Research Observer; V.17-#2, pp. 191-235.

 

-H.G. Johnson (1970), “The Efficiency and Welfare Implications of the International Corporation”. C.P. Kindleberger, ed. The International Corporation: A Symposium. Cambridge: MIT, pp. 35-56.

 

-R. Findlay (1978). “Some Aspects of Technology Transfer and Direct Foreign Investment”. AER; V.68-#2, pp. 275-279.

 

-T. Koizumi and K. Kopecky (1980). “Foreign Direct Investment, Technology Transfer and Domestic Employment Effects”. JIE; V10: 1-20.

 

-T. Pugel (1981). “Technology Transfer and the Neoclassical Theory of International Trade”. Research in International Business and Finance; V.2, pp. 11-37.

 

-W. Davidson and D. McFetridge (1984). “International Technology Transfers and the Theory of the Firm”. Journal of Industrial Economics; V.32-#?, pp. 253-264.

 

-G. Grossman and A. Razin (1985). “Direct Foreign Investment and The Choice of Technique under Uncertainty”. OEP; V.37-#?, pp. 606-620.

 

-S. Das (1987). “Externalities and Technology Transfer Through Multinational Corporations: A Theoretical Analysis”. JIE; V.22-#1, pp. 171-182.

 

-P. Succar (1987). “International Technology Transfer: A Model of Endogenous Technological Assimilation”. JDevE; V.26-#?, pp. 375-395.

 

-J.Y. Wang (1991). “Growth, Technology Transfer, and the Long-Run Theory of International Capital Movements”. JIE; V.29-#3/4, pp. 255-271.

 

-J.Y. Wang and M. Blomstrom (1992). “Foreign Investment and Technology Transfer: A Simple Model”. EER; V.36-#1, pp. 137-155.

 

-Saggi, Kamal (1999). “Foreign Direct Investment, Licensing, and Incentives for Innovation”. Review of International Economics; V.7-#4, pp. 699-714.

 

-Glass, Amy and Kamal Saggi (1999). “Foreign Direct Investment and the Nature of R&D”. Canadian Journal of Economics; V.32-#1, pp. 92-117.

 

-J. Dunning (1981) “The Consequences of International Transfer of Technology by Multinationals: Some Home Country Implications”; in Dunning, Chapter 12.

 

(2) Are there Spillovers from FDI: Empirical Evidence

 

-M. Blomstrom and A. Kokko (1998). “Multinational Corporations and Spillovers”. Journal of Economic Surveys; V.12-#3, pp. 247-277.

 

-S. Globerman (1979). “Foreign Direct Investment and ‘Spillover’ Efficiency Benefits in Canadian Manufacturing Industries”. CJE; V.12-#1, pp. 42-56.

 

-M. Blomstrom, and K. Persson (1983). “Foreign Investment and Spillover Efficiency in an Underdeveloped Economy: Evidence from the Mexican Manufacturing Industry”. World Development; V.11-#6, pp. 493-501.

 

-M. Blomstrom (1986). “Foreign Investment and Productive Efficiency: The Case of Mexico”. JIE; v.35-#1, pp. 97-110.

 

-M. Blomstrom (1989). Foreign Investment and Spillovers. London: Routledge.

 

-M. Blomstrom (1991). “Host Country Benefits of Foreign Investment”. in D. McFetridge, ed. Foreign investment, technology and economic growth. Calgary: University of Calgary Press, pp. 93-108.

 

-M. Blomstrom, A. Kokko, and M. Zejan (1994). “Host Country Competition, Labor Skills, and Technology Transfer by Multinationals”. WA; V.130-#3, pp. 521-533.

 

-A. Kokko and M. Blomstrom (1995). “Policies to Encourage Inflows of Technology through Foreign Multinationals”. World Development; V.23-#3, pp. 459-468.

 

-A. Kokko, R. Tansini, and M. Zejan (1996). “Local Technological Capability and Productivity Spillovers from FDI in the Uruguayan Manufacturing Sector”. Journal of Development Studies; V.32-#4, pp. 602-611.

 

-B. Aitken and A. Harrison (1999). “Do Domestic Firms Benefit from Direct Foreign Investment? Evidence from Venezuela”. AER; V.89-#3, pp. 605-618.

 

-H. Görg and E. Strobl (2000). “Multinational Companies, Technology Spillovers and Firm Survival: Evidence from Irish Manufacturing”. Centre for Research on Globalisation and Labour Markets Discussion Paper, #00/12.

 

-S. Girma and K. Wakelin (2000). Are there Regional Spillovers from FDI in the UK?”. Centre for Research on Globalisation and Labour Markets Discussion Paper, #00/16.

 

-H. Görg and E. Strobl (2001). “Multinational Companies and Productivity Spillovers: A Meta-Analysis with a Test for Publication Bias”. Economic Journal, V.111-#475, pp. F723-F739.

 

c. Technology Choice and Adaptation by MNEs in LDCs

 

-R.H. Mason (1973). “Some Observations on the Choice of Technology by Multinational Firms”. REStat; V.55-#3, pp. 349-355.

 

-L. Wells (1973). “Economic Man and Engineering Man: Choice in a Low Wage Country”. Public Policy; V.21-#?, pp. 319-342.

 

-W.H. Courtney and D.M. Leipziger (1975) “Multinational Corporations in LDCs: The Choice of Technology”; Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, V.57-#?, pp. 297-303.

 

-H. Pack (1976). “The Substitution of Labor for Capital in Kenyan Manufacturing”. EJ; V.86-#1, pp. 45-55.

 

-D.J.C. Forsyth and R. Solomon (1977). “Substitution of Labor for Capital in the Foreign Sector: Some Further Evidence”. EJ; V.87-#2, pp. 283-289.

 

-D.J.C. Forsyth and R. Solomon (1977). “Nationality of Ownership and Choice of Technology in a Developing Country”. OEP; V.29-#2, pp. 258-282.

 

-S. Morley and G. Smith (1977). “The Choice of Technology: Multinational Firms in Brazil”. EDCC; V.24-#?, pp. 239-264.

 

-S. Morley and G. Smith (1977). “Limited Search and the Technology of Multinational Firms in Brazil”. QJE; V.91-#2, pp. 263-287.

 

-L. White (1978). “The Evidence on Appropriate Factor Proportions for Manufacturing in LDCs: A Survey”. EDCC; V.27-#?, pp. 27-59.

 

-R. Moxon (1979). “The Cost, Conditions, and Adaptation of MNC Technology in Developing Countries”, Hawkins, ed. Research in International Business; V.1, pp. 189-22.

 

-B.S. Chung and C.H. Lee (1980). “The Choice of Production Techniques by Foreign and Local Firms in Korea”. EDCC; V.29-#1, pp. 135-140.

 

-R.E. Lipsey, I.B. Kravis and R.A. Roldan (1982) “Do Multinational Firms Adapt Factor Proportions to Relative Factor Prices?”; in A.O. Krueger, ed. Trade and Employment in Developing Countries: Factor Supply and Substitution, Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 215-255.

 

-R. Hawkins and A.J. Prasad (1981). Technology Transfer and Economic Development (Research in International Business, V. 2). Greenwich: Greenwood Press

 

-A. Heston and H. Pack (1981). Technology Transfer: New Issues, New Analysis (The Annals, V. 458). Beverley Hills: Sage.

 

-J.M. Katz (1982). “Technology and Economic Development: An Overview of Research Findings”. in M. Syrquin and S. Teitel, eds. Trade, Stability and Equity in Latin America. New York: Academic Press.