I. NEOCLASSICAL GE WITH INCREASING RETURNS AND IMPERFECT COMPETITION

 

A. Neoclassical General Equilibrium with Increasing Returns to Scale

 

-M. Quinzii (1992). Increasing Returns and Efficiency. New York: OUP.

 

1. Characterization of Production Under IRS

 

-A. Young (1928). “Increasing Returns and Economic Progress”. EJ; V.38-#152, pp. 527-542.

 

-G. Hanoch (1975). “The Elasticity of Scale and the Shape of Average Costs”. AER; V.65-#3, pp. 492-497.

 

-T. Ide and A. Takayama (1987). “On the Concepts of Returns to Scale”. EcLets; V.23-#?, pp. 329-334.

 

-T. Ide and A. Takayama (1989). “Returns to Scale under Non-Homotheticity and Homotheticity and the Shape of Average Cost”. Zeitschrift für die gesamte Staatswissenschaft; V.145-#2, pp. 367-388.

 

-T. Ide and A. Takayama (1989). “Factor Prices and the Shape of Average Costs with Special References to International Trade”. JIEI; V.4-#2, pp. 1-7.

 

-B. Cornet (1988). “Topological Properties of the Set of Attainable Production Plans in a Nonconvex Production Economy”. JMathE; V.17-#?, pp. 275-292.

 

2. Existence with IRS

 

a. Marginal Cost Pricing

 

-W.P. Heller (1977). “Continuity in General Nonconvex Economies (with Applications to the Convex Case”. in G. Schwödiauer, ed. Equilibrium and Disequilibrium in Economic Theory. Dordrecht: D. Reidel, pp. 27-38.

 

-P. Beato (1982). “The Existence of Marginal Cost Pricing Equilibria with Increasing Returns”. QJE; V.97-#?, pp. 669-689.

 

-P. Beato and A. Mas-Colell (1985). “On Marginal Cost Pricing with Given Tax Subsidy Rules”. JET; V.37-#?, pp. 356-365.

 

-D. Brown, G. Heal, A.M. Kahn and R. Vohra (1986). “On a General Existence Theorem for Marginal Cost Pricing Equilibria”. JET; V.38-#?, pp. 371-379.

 

-K. Kamiya (1988). “On the Survival Assumption in Marginal Cost Pricing”. JMathE; V.17-#?, pp. 261-274.

 

-J. Bonnisseau and B. Cornet (1990). “Existence of Marginal Cost Pricing Equilibria in an Economy with Several Non-Convex Firms”. Etrica; V.58-#?, pp. 661-820.

 

-J. Bonnisseau and B. Cornet (1990). “Existence of Marginal Cost Pricing: The Nonsmooth Case”. IER; V.31-#?, pp. 685-708.

 

-B. Cornet (1989). “Existence of Equilibria in Economies with Increasing Returns”. Chapter 4 in B. Cornet and H. Tulkens, eds. Contributions to Operations Research and Econometrics. Cambridge: MIT, pp. 79-97.

 

b. General Pricing Rules with Bounded Loss

 

-E. Dierker, R. Guesnerie, and W. Neuefeind (1985). “General Equilibrium when Some Firms Follow Special Pricing Rules”. Etrica; V.

 

-J. Bonnisseau and B. Cornet (1988). “Existence of Equilibria when Firms Follow Bounded Losses Pricing Rules”. JMathE; V.17-#?, pp. 119-148.

 

-K. Kamiya (1988). “Existence and Uniqueness of Equilibria with Increasing Returns”. JMathE; V.17-#?, pp. 149-178.

 

-R. Vohra (1988). “On the Existence of Equilibria in Economies with Increasing Returns: A Synthesis”. JMathE; V.17-#?, pp. 179-192.

 

-J. Bonniesseau (1988). “On Two Existence Resuts of Equilibria in Economies with Increasing Returns”. JMathE; V.17-#?, pp. 193-207.

 

-P. Dehez and J. Drèze (1988). “Competitive Equilibria with Quantity-taking Producers and Increasing Returns”. JMathE; V.17-#?, pp. 209-230.

 

-P. Dehez and J. Drèze (1988). “Distributive Production Sets and Equilibria with Increasing Returns”. JMathE; V.17-#?, pp. 231-248.

 

-J. Bonnisseau and B. Cornet (1991). “General Equilibrium Theory with Increasing Returns: The Existence Problem”. in W. Barnett, et al. eds. Equilibrium Theory and Applications. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 65-82.

 

-J. Bonnisseau (1992). “Existence of Equilibria in the Presence of Increasing Returns: A Synthesis”. JMathE; V.21-#?, pp. 441-452.

 

c. Core

 

-W. Sharkey (1979). “Existence of a Core when there are Increasing Returns”. Etrica; V.47-#?, pp. 869-876.

 

-M. Quinzii (1982). “An Existence Theorem for the Core of an Economy with Increasing Returns”. JET; V.28-#?, pp. 32-50.

 

-T. Ischiishi and M. Quinzii (1983). “Decentralization for the Core of an Economy with Increasing Returns”. IER; V.24-#?, pp. 397-412.

 

3. Optimality with IRS

 

-T. Rader (1970). “Resource Allocation with Increasing Returns to Scale”. AER; V.60-#?, pp. 814-825.

 

-R. Guesnerie (1975). “Pareto Optimality in Non-Convex Economies”. Etrica; V.43-#1, pp. 1-30.

 

-X. Calsamiglia (1977). “Decentralized Resource Allocation and Increasing Returns”. JET; V.14-#?, pp. 263-283.

 

-D. Brown and G. Heal (1979). “Equity, Efficiency and Increasing Returns”. REStud; V.46-#?, pp. 571-585.

 

-D. Brown and G. Heal (1980). “Two Part Tariffs, Marginal Cost Pricing and Increasing Returns”. JPubE; V.13-#?, pp. 25-49

 

-D. Brown and G. Heal (1985). “The Optimality of Regulated Pricing: A General Equilibrium Analysis”. in C. Aliprantis, O. Burkinshaw and N. Rothman, eds. Advances in Equilibrium Theory. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 43-54.

 

-E. Dierker (1986). “When Does Marginal Cost Pricing Lead to Pareto Efficiency”. ZfN; Supplement, pp. 41-66.

 

-A. Khan and R. Vohra (1987). “An Extension of the Second Welfare Theorem to Economies with Non-Convexities and Public Goods”. QJE; V.102-#?, pp. 223-241.

 

-A. Khan and R. Vohra (1988). Pareto Optimal Allocations of Non-Convex Economies in Locally Convex Spaces”. Nonlinear Analysis; V.12-#?, pp. 943-950.

 

-J. Bonnisseau and B. Cornet (1988). “Valuation Equilibrium and Pareto Optimum in Non-Convex Economies”. JMathE: V.17-#?, pp. 293-315.

 

-R. Guesnerie (1989). “First-Best Allocation of Resources with Nonconvexities in Production”. Chapter 5 in B. Cornet and H. Tulkens, eds. Contributions to Operations Research and Econometrics. Cambridge: MIT, pp. 99-143.

 

B. General Equilibrium under Imperfect Competition

 

-T. Negishi (1961). “Monopolistic Competition and General Equilibrium”. REStud; V.28-#?, pp. 196-201.

 

-K. Arrow (1971). “The Firm in General Equilibrium Theory”. in R. Marris and A. Wood, eds. The Corporate Economy: Growth, Competition and Innovative Potential. Cambridge: Harvard.

 

-K. Arrow and F. Hahn (1971). “General Equilibrium under Alternative Conditions”. Chapter 6 in General Competitive Analysis. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

 

-A. Mas-Colell (1982). “The Cournotian Foundations of Walrasian Equilibrium Theory: An Exposition of Recent Theory”. in W. Hildenbrand, ed. Advances in Economic Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 183-224.

 

-O. Hart (1985). “Imperfect Competition in General Equilibrium: An Overview of Recent Work”. in K. Arrow and S. Honkapohja, eds. Frontiers of Economics. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 100-177.

 

1. Objective Demand with Quantity-Setting Firms

 

-J.J. Gabszewicz and J.P. Vial (1972). “Oligopoly `a la Cournot` in General Equilibrium Analysis”. JET; V.4-#?, pp. 381-400.

 

-F. Fitzroy (1974). “Monopolistic Equilibrium, Non-Convexity and Inverse Demand”. JET; V.7-#1, pp. 1-16.

 

-J. Roberts and H. Sonnenschein (1977). “On the Foundations of the Theory of Monopolistic Competition”. Etrica; V.45-#1, pp. 101-113.

 

-R. Cornwall (1977). “The Concept of General Equilibrium in a Market Economy with Imperfectly Competitive Producers”. Metroeconomica; V.29-#?, pp. 57-72.

 

-K. Roberts (1980). “The Limit Points of Monopolistic Competition”. JET; V.22-#?, pp. 256-278.

 

-V. Bohm, E. Maskin, H. Polemarchakis and A. Postelwaite (1983). “Monopolistic Quantity Rationing”. QJE; V.98 (supplement), pp. 189-197.

 

-P. Madden and J. Silvestre (1992). “Imperfect Competition and Fixprice Equilibria under Consumer Aggregation and Net Substitutes”. ScanJE; V.94-#1, pp. 103-11.

 

2. Objective Demand with Price-Setting Firms

 

-T. Marschak and R. Selten (1974). General Equilibrium with Price-Setting Firms. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

 

-T. Marschak and R. Selten (1978). “Restabilizing Responses, Inertia Supergames, and Oligopolistic Equilibria”. QJE; V.?-#1, pp. 71-93.

 

-T. Marschak and R. Selten (1977). “Oligopolistic Economies as Games of Limited Information”. Zeitschrift für die Gesamte Staatswissenschaft; V.133-#3, pp. 385-409.

 

-J. Silvestre (1977). “A Model of General Equilibrium with Monopolistic Behavior”. JET; V.16-#?, pp. 425-442.

 

-O. Hart (1982). “A Model of Imperfect Competition with Keynesian Features”. QJE; V.97-#?, pp. 109-138.

 

-J.P. Benassy (1988). “The Objective Demand Curve in General Equilibrium with Price-Makers”. EJ; V.98 (supplement), pp. 37-49.

 

-P. Madden and J. Silvestre (1991). “Imperfect Competition and Fixprice Equilibria when Goods are Gross Substitutes”. ScanJE; V.93-#4, pp. 479-494.

 

3. Imperfect Competition and IRS

 

-J. Silvestre (1977). “General Monopolistic Equilibrium under Non-Convexities”. IER; V.18-#2, pp. 425-434.

 

-J. Silvestre (1978). “Increasing Returns in General Non-Competitive Analysis”. Etrica; V.46-#?, pp. 397-402.


II.TRADE AND TRADE POLICY WITH INCREASING RETURNS TO SCALE

 

A. Economies of Scale, Trade and Trade Policies

 

-P. Krugman (1987). “Increasing Returns and the Theory of International Trade”. in T. Bewley, ed. Advances in Economic Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 301-328.

 

-E. Helpman (1984). “Increasing Returns, Imperfect Markets and Trade Theory”. in R. Jones and P. Kenen, eds. Handbook of International Economics (vol. 1). Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 325-365.

 

1. Trade and Trade Policy with Marshallian External Economies

 

a. Production Structure and Basic Theorems

 

(1) General Structure of VRS Models

 

-B&S, Chapter 21

 

-J. Chipman (1965). “A Survey of the Theory of International Trade: Part 2, The Neoclassical Theory”. Etrica; V.33-#4, pp. 685-760 (on external economies, pp. 736-749).

 

-J. Chipman (1970). “External Economies of Scale and Competitive Equilibrium”. QJE; V.84-#?, pp. 347-363.

 

-M. Ali Khan (1999). “A Result on Large Anonymous Games: An Elementary and Self-Contained Exposition”. in James Melvin, James Moore, and Ray Riezman, eds., Trade, Welfare, and Econometrics: Essays in Honor of John S. Chipman. New York: Routledge, pp. 206-236.

 

-H. Herberg and M. Kemp (1968). “Some Implications of Variable Returns to Scale”. CJE; V.2-#3, pp. 403-415.

 

-W. Mayer (1974). “Homothetic Production Functions and the Shape of the Production Possibility Locus”. JET; V.8-#?, pp. 101-110. (Response by Herberg/Kemp, V.11: pp. 287-288).

 

-K.Y. Wong (1996). “A Comment on ‘Some Implications of Variable Returns to Scale: The Case of Industry-Specific Factors’”. CJE; V.29-#4, pp. 240-244.

 

-M. Kemp and M. Tawada (1986). “The World Production Frontier under Variable Returns to Scale”. JIE; V.21-#?, pp. 251-268.

 

-M. Tawada (1989). Production Structure and International Trade. Berlin: Springer Verlag.

 

-L. Young (1991). “Heckscher-Ohlin Trade Theory with Variable Returns to Scale”. JIE; V.31-#1/2, pp. 183-190.

 

-M. Ohyama (1993). “Firms, Entry and Hysteresis in the Heckscher-Ohlin-Samuelson Model of Production and Trade”. in W. Ethier, E. Helpman and J.P. Neary, eds. Theory, Policy and Dynamics in International Trade. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 107-128.

 

-T. Ide and A. Takayama (1989). “Returns to Scale Under Non-homotheticity and Homotheticity and the Shape of Average Cost”. Zeitschrift fur die gesamte Staatswissenschaft; V.145-#2, pp. 367-388.

 

-T. Ide and A. Takayama (1989). “Factor Prices and the Shape of Average Cost Curves with Special Reference to International Trade”. JIEI; V.4-#2, pp. 1-7.

 

-J. Melvin (1971). “International Trade without Homogeneity”. QJE, V.58-#?, pp. 66-76.

 

-R. Gomory (1994). “A Ricardo Model with Economies of Scale”. JET; V.62-#?, pp. 394-419.

 

-W. Baumol and R. Gomory (1996). “Inefficient and Locally Stable Trade Equilibria under Scale Economies: Comparative Advantage Revisited”. KYKLOS; V.49-#4, pp. 509-540.

 

-W. Baumol and R. Gomory (1997). “Productivity Differences, World-Market Shares and Conflicting National Interests in Linear Trade Models”. Japan and the World Economy; V.9-#2, pp. 123-150.

 

(2) Stolper-Samuelson and Rybczynski Theorems with VRS

 

-N. Minabe (1966). “The Stolper-Samuelson Theorem under Conditions of Variable Returns to Scale”. OEP; V.18-#2, pp. 204-212.

 

-R. Batra (1968). “Protection and Real Wages under Variable Returns to Scale”. OEP; V.20-#?, pp. 353-360.

 

-R. Jones (1968). “Variable Returns to Scale in General Equilibrium Theory”. IER; V.9-#3, pp. 261-272.

 

-M. Kemp (1969). “Variable Returns to Scale”. Chapter 9 in The Pure Theory of International Trade and Investment. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, pp. 154-177 (also pp. 270-275).

 

-A. Panagariya (1980). “Variable Returns to Scale in General Equilibrium Theory Once Again”. JIE; V.10-#?, pp. 499-526.

 

-T. Inoue (1981). “A Generalization of the Samuelson Reciprocity Relation, the Stolper-Samuelson Theorem and the Rybczynski Theorem under Variable Returns to Scale”. JIE; V.11-#?, pp. 79-98.

 

-J. Markusen and A. Schweinberger (1990). “The Positive Theory of Production Externalities under Perfect Competition”. JIE; V.29-#1/2, pp. 69-91.

 

-P. Lloyd and A. Schweinberger (1998). “The Stolper-Samuelson Theorem in Models with Economies of Scale”. in K. Arrow, Y.-K. Ng, and X. Yang, eds. Increasing Returns and Economic Analysis. New York: St. Martins, pp. 413-429.

 

-G. Hansson and M. Lundahl (1983). “The Rybczynski Theorem under Decreasing Returns to Scale”. ScanJE; V.85-#4, pp. 531-540.

 

-S. Ylönen (1987). “Factor Demand and Substitution under Decreasing Returns to Scale: An Application to the Rybczynski Theorem”. ScanJE; V.89-#2, pp.

 

-S. Ylönen (1987). “The Stolper-Samuelson Theorem under Decreasing Returns to Scale”. EcLets; V.24-#?, pp. 83-87.

 

(3) Trade Patterns and FPE under VRS

 

-J. Melvin (1968). “Increasing Returns to Scale as a Determinant of Trade”. CJE; V.2-#3, pp. 389-402. (comment by Henderson, V.5-#2, pp. 293-298)

 

-J. Markusen and J. Melvin (1981). “Trade, Factor Prices, and the Gains From Trade with Increasing Returns to Scale”. CJE; V.14-#3, pp. 450-469.

 

-A. Panagariya (1983). “Variable Returns to Scale and the Heckscher-Ohlin and Factor-Price-Equalization Theorems”. WA; V.119-#?, pp. 259-279.

 

-E. Helpman and P. Krugman (1985). “External Effects”. Chapter 3 of Market Structure and Foreign Trade: Increasing Returns, Imperfect Competition and the International Economy. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 45-66.

 

-J. Markusen and L. Svensson (1990). “Factor Endowments and Trade with Increasing Returns: Generalizations and Extensions”. IEJ; V.4-#3, pp. 1-21.

 

-M. Kemp, M. Okawa, and M. Tawada (1998). “Variable Returns to Scale and Factor Price Equalization”. in K. Arrow, Y.-K. Ng, and X. Yang, eds. Increasing Returns and Economic Analysis. New York: St. Martins, pp. 409-412.

 

(4) Stability and Perverse Comparative Static Results

 

-W. Mayer (1974). “Variable Returns to Scale In General Equilibrium: A Comment”. IER; V.15-#1, pp. 225-235.

 

-A. Panagariya (1986). “Increasing Returns, Dynamic Stability and International Trade”. JIE; V.20-#?, pp. 43-63.

 

-T. Ide and A. Takayama (1988). “Scale Economies, Perverse Comparative Statics Results, The Marshallian Stability and The Long-Run Equilibrium for a Small Open Economy”. EcLets; V.27-#?, pp. 257-263.

 

T. Ide and A. Takayama (1990). “Marshallian Stability, and Long-run Equilibrium in the Theory of International Trade with Factor Market Distortions and Increasing Returns to Scale”. EcLets; V.33-#?, pp. 101-108.

 

-T. Ide and A. Takayama (1991). “Variable Returns to Scale, Paradoxes and Global Correspondences in the Theory of International Trade”. in A. Takayama, et al. eds. Trade, Policy, and International Adjustments. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 108-154.

 

-T. Ide and A. Takayama (1991). “The Marshall-Lerner Condition Reconsidered”. EcLets; V.35-#?, pp. 201-207.

 

-T. Ide and A. Takayama (1993). “Variable Returns to Scale, Comparative Statics Paradoxes, and the Theory of Comparative Advantage”. in H. Herberg and N.V. Long, eds., Trade, Welfare and Economic Policies. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp. 67-101.

 

-T. Ide and A. Takayama (1993). “Variable Returns to Scale and Dynamic Adjustments: the Marshall-Lerner Condition Reconsidered”. in R. Becker, M. Boldrin, R. Jones and W. Thomson, eds. General Equilibrium, Growth, and Trade II. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 507-540.

 

-N. Burney (1996). “Stability Conditions in General Equilibrium Theory under Variable Returns to Scale”. Academia Economic Papers; V.24-#2, pp. 337-350.

 

b. Gains from Trade, Welfare and Trade Policy Analysis

 

(1) Frank Graham’s Argument for Protection

 

-F.D. Graham (1923). “Some Aspects of Protection Further Considered”. QJE; V.37-#3, pp. 199-227.

 

-F.H. Knight (1924). “Some Fallacies in the Interpretation of Social Cost”. QJE; V.38-#4, pp. 582-606.

 

-J. Tinbergen (1945). “Professor Graham’s Case for Protection”. Appendix I of International Economic Co-operation. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 182-199.

 

-R. Caves (1960). Trade and Economic Structure. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. (Chapter 6)

 

-A. Panagariya (1981). “Variable Returns to Scale in Production and Patterns of Specialization”. AER; V.71-#1, pp. 221-230.

 

-W. Ethier (1982). “Decreasing Costs in International Trade and Frank Graham’s Argument for Protection”. Etrica; V.50-#5, pp. 1243-1268.

 

(2) Gains from Trade with VRS

 

-T. Negishi (1969). “Marshallian External Economies and the Gains from Trade Between Similar Countries”. REStud; V.36-#1, pp. 131-135.

 

-M. Kemp and T. Negishi (1970). “Variable Returns to Scale, Commodity Taxes, Factor Market Distortions and Their Implications for Trade Gains”. Swedish Journal of Economics; V.72-#1, pp. 1-11.

 

-H. Wan (1972). “A Note on Trading Gains and Externalities”. JIE; V.2-#?, pp. 173-180.

 

-T. Negishi (1972). “External Economies and Trade Between Similar Economies”. Chapter 5 in General Equilibrium Theory and International Trade. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 73-89.

 

-E. Helpman (1983). “Variable Returns to Scale and International Trade: Two Generalizations”. EcLets; V.11-#?, pp. 167-174.

 

-J. Markusen and J. Melvin (1984). “The Gains-from-Trade Theorem with Increasing Returns to Scale”. in H. Kierzkowski, ed. Monopolistic Competition and International Trade. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 10-33.

 

-E. Grinols (1991). “Increasing Returns and the Gains from Trade”. IER; V.32-#4, pp. 973-984.

 

-E. Grinols (1992). “Increasing Returns to Scale and Trade-Related Industry Enlargement: A Generalization and New Proof of Welfare Gains”. EcLets; V.38-#1, pp. 61-66.

 

-M. Kemp and A. Schweinberger (1991). “Variable Returns to Scale, Non-Uniqueness of Equilibrium and the Gains from International Trade”. REStud; V.58-#?, pp. 807-816.

 

-A. Schweinberger (1996). “Procompetitive Gains from Trade and Comparative Advantage”. IER; V.37-#2, pp. 361-375.

 

-J. Eaton and A. Panagariya (1979). “Gains from Trade under Variable Returns to Scale, Commodity Taxation, Tariffs and Factor Market Distortions”. JIE; V.9-#?, pp. 481-501.

 

-J.Y. Choi and E.S.H. Yu (1984). “Gains from Trade Under Variable Returns to Scale”. SEJ; V.50-#?, pp. 979-992.

 

-E.S.H. Yu and S. Patterson (1990). “Trade and Welfare under Variable Returns to Scale”. Indian Economic Journal; V.37-#3, pp. 53-58.

 

(3) Tariffs and Quotas with VRS

 

-C.C. Chao, H. Hwang and E.S.H. Yu (1990). “Welfare Effects of Quotas under Variable Returns to Scale”. SEJ; V.57-#1, pp. 160-166.

 

-C.-C. Chao and E.S.H. Yu (1991). “Trade Restrictions, Terms of Trade and Welfare under Variable Returns to Scale”. Rivista Internazionale di Scienze Economiche e Commerciali; V.38-#9, pp. 825-832.

 

-C.-C. Chao, H. Hwang and E.S.H. Yu (1993). “Effects of Quotas under Variable Returns to Scale”. SEJ; V.59-#4, pp. 675-686.

 

-J.Y. Choi and E.S.H. Yu (1987). “Nominal and Optimum Tariffs under Variable Returns to Scale”. OEP; V.?-#?, pp. 785-798.

 

-A. Panagariya (1986). “Increasing Returns and the Specific Factors Model”. V.53-#?, pp. 1-17.

 

-F. Casas (1985). “Tariff Protection and the Taxation of Foreign Capital”. JIE; V.19-#?, pp. 181-188.

 

-V. Rapanos (1986). “Variable Returns to Scale and Tax Incidence”. ZfN; V.46-#?, pp. 397-406.

 

-K. Abe (1988). “Anatomy of Tax Incidence in the Initially Distorted Economy of Variable Returns to Scale”. JPubE; V.37-#?, pp. 113-120.

 

-C.C. Chao and E.S.H. Yu (1993). “Can Fiscal Spending be Contractionary in the Neoclassical Economy”. Eca; V.60-#?, pp. 347-356.

 

(4) Project Analysis for Open Economies with VRS

 

-A. Tsunkei (1989). “The Measurement of Waste with Increasing Returns to Scale”. ESQ; V.40-#3, pp. 276-288.

 

-N. Naqvi and P. Wiener (1991). “External Increasing Returns and the Shadow Price of Foreign Exchange”. JIE; V.30-#1/2, pp. 177-184.

 

(5) Trade and Welfare under External Economies with Other Distortions

 

-J. Ishikawa (1991). “The Gains-from-Trade Theorem with Variable Returns to Scale in the Presence of Intermediate Goods”. EcLets; V.36-#?, pp. 397-401.

 

-J. Ishikawa (1992). “Trade Patterns and the Gains from Trade with an Intermediate Good Produced Under Increasing Returns to Scale”. JIE; V. 32-#1/2, pp. 57-81.

 

-J.Y. Choi (19??). “Nontraded Goods, Variable Returns to Scale and Welfare”. SEJ; V.?-#?, pp. 874-883.

 

-A. Parai (1985). “Unionization and Distribution of Income under Variable Returns to Scale”. EcLets; V.?-#?, pp. 95-98.

 

-M. Ohyama and Y. Fukushima (1995). “Endogenous Dualistic Structure, Marshallian Externalities, and Industrialization”. in W. Chang and S. Katayama, eds. Imperfect Competition in International Trade. Boston: Kluwer, pp. 187-206.

 

-J. Mendez (1985). “A Note on the Neoclassical Ambiguity and the Specific Factor Production Model Under Variable Returns to Scale”. JIE. V.18-#?, pp. 357-363.

 

-A. Panagariya (198?). “Increasing Returns and the Specific Factors Model”. SEJ; V.?-#?, pp. 1-17.

 

-P. Guidotti, W. Kaempfer, A. Pietruska and L.F.S. Wang (1991). “Optimal Commercial Policy under Increasing Returns to Scale with Sector-Specific Capital”. JEcStud; V.18-#2, pp. 63-75.

 

-A. Panagariya and P. Succar (1986). “The Harris-Todaro Model and Economies of Scale”. SEJ; V.??-#?, pp. 984-998.

 

-H. Beladi (1988). “Variable Returns to Scale, Urban Unemployment and Welfare”. SEJ; V.?-#?, 412-423.

 

-H. Beladi (1990). “The Minimum Wage Economy, Variable Returns to Scale and Welfare”. JIEI; V.5-#2, pp. 38-50.

 

c. International Factor Mobility with VRS

 

-S. Yabuuchi and S. Kakimoto (1991). “International Factor Mobility and Immiserizing Growth under Variable Returns to Scale”. in A. Takayama, M. Ohyama, and H., Ohta, eds. Trade, Policy, and International Adjustments. New York: Academic Press, pp. 155-172.

 

-A. Panagariya (1992). “Factor Mobility, Trade and Welfare--A North-South Analysis with Economies of Scale”. JDevE; V.39-#?, pp. 229-245.

 

-M. Quibria (1993). “International Migration, Increasing Returns and Real Wages”. CJE; V.26-#2, pp. 456-468.

 

-A.K. Lal (1995). “Increasing Returns, Urban Unemployment, and International Capital Mobility: A Trade Policy Analysis”. JDevE; V.46-#1, pp. 181-193.

 

-K. Suzuki (1995). “Intercountry Gaps in Increasing-Returns-to-Scale Technologies and the Choice among International Regimes”. in W. Chang and S. Katayama, eds. Imperfect Competition in International Trade. Boston: Kluwer, pp. 207-229.

 

-M. Benarroch and J. Gaisford (1997). “Economies of Scale, International Capital Mobility, and North-South Inequality”. RIE; V.5-#3, pp. 412-428.

 

d. Growth and Welfare in Open Economies with VRS

 

-J. Eaton and A. Panagariya (1982). “Growth and Welfare in a Small, Open Economy”. Eca; V.49-#?, pp. 409-419.

 

-J.-Y. Choi and E.S.H. Yu (1985). “Technical Progress, Terms of Trade and Welfare under Variable Returns to Scale”. Eca; V.52-#?, pp. 365-377.

 

-C.C. Chao and E.S.H. Yu (1991). “Immiserizing Growth for a Quota-Distorted Small Economy under Variable Returns to Scale”. CJE; V.24-#3, pp. 686-692.

 

e. Interindustrial Externalities and Trade Policy

 

-B&S, chapter 18.

 

-H. Herberg, M. Kemp and M. Tawada (1982). “Further Implications of Variable Returns to Scale”. JIE; V.13-#?, pp. 65-84.

 

-W. Chang (1981). “Production Externalities, Variable Returns to Scale, and the Theory of Trade”. IER; V.22-#3, pp. 511-525.

 

-J. Ishikawa (1994). “Revisiting the Stolper-Samuelson and Rybczynski Theorems with Production Externalities”. CJE; V.27-#1, pp. 101-111.

 

-E.S.H. Yu and J.-Y. Choi (1991). “The Theory of Tariffs under Variable Returns to Scale and Interindustrial Externalities”. SEJ; V.57-#3, pp. 760-771.

 

-V. Rapanos (1992). “A Note on Externalities and Taxation”. CJE; V.25-#1, pp. 226-232.

 

-E.S.H. Yu (1987). “Inter-Industrial Externalities, Technological Progress and Welfare”. SEJ; V.?-#?, pp. 412-421.

 

-O. Shy (1989). “External Effects and Pareto Inferior Trade”. SEJ; V.?-#1, pp. 56-63.

 

-K. Krishna (1988). “High Tech Trade Policy”. in R. Baldwin, C. Hamilton and A. Sapir, eds. Issues in US-EC Trade Relations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp.

 

-S. Cohen and J. Zysman (1987). Manufacturing Matters: The Myth of the Post-Industrial Economy. New York: Basic Books.

 

-R. Faini (1984). “Increasing Returns, Non-Traded Inputs and Regional Development”. EJ; V.94-#374, pp. 308-323.

 

-M. Okuno-Fujiwara (1988). “Interdependence of Industries, Coordination Failure and Strategic Promotion of an Industry”. JIE; V.25-#?, pp. 25-43.

 

2. The Infant Industry Tariff

 

a. Dynamic External Economies

 

-Corden, Chapter 9

 

-M. Kemp (1960). “The Mill-Bastable Infant-Industry Dogma”. JPE. V.68-#1, pp. 65-67.

 

-H.G. Johnson (1970). “A New View of the Infant-Industry Argument”. in I.A. McDougall and R. Snape, Sudies in International Economics. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 59-82

 

-P. Bardhan (1964). “External Economies, Economic Development, and the Theory of Protection”. OEP. V.16-#?, pp. 40-54.

 

-H. Myint (1965). “Infant Industry Arguments for Assistance to Industries in the Setting of Dynamic Trade Theory”. in R. Harrod and D. Hague International Trade Theory in a Developing World. New York: St. Martins, pp. 173-193.

 

-H.G. Grubel (1966). “The Anatomy of Classical and Modern Infant Industry Arguments”. WA. V.97-#?, pp. 325-342.

 

-A. Woodland (1982). “Trade and Growth: The Dynamics of Technology”. Chapter 15 of International Trade and Resource Allocation. Amsterdam: North-Holland, esp. pp. 467-477.

 

b. Dynamic Internal Economies and the Infant Industry Argument

 

-T. Negishi (1968). “Protection of the Infant Industry and Dynamic Internal Economies”. EcRec. V.44-#/, pp. 56-67.

 

-M. Ohyama (1972). “Trade and Welfare in General Equilibrium”. KES. V.9-#2, pp. 37-73 (esp. pp. 62-64).

 

-N.V. Long (1975). “Infant Industry Protection, Dynamic Internal Economies and the Non-appropriability of Consumers’ Surplus”. EcRec. V.51-#?, pp. 256-267 (includes response by Negishi).

 

-M. Kemp (1974). “Learning by Doing: Formal Tests for Intervention in an Open Economy”. KES. V.11-#1, pp. 1-7.

 

-S. Yabushita (1975). “Protection of the Infant Industry: A Note”. EcRec. V.51-#?, pp. 326-332.

 

c. Time Inconsistency of the Infant-Industry Protection

 

-R. Baldwin (1969). “The Case Against Infant-Industry Protection”. JPE. V.77-#3, pp. 295-305.

 

-K. Matsuyama (1990). “Perfect Equilibria in a Trade Liberalization Game”. AER; V.80-#3, pp. 480-492.

 

-A. Tornell (1991). “On the Ineffectiveness of Made-to-Measure Protectionist Programs”. in E. Helpman and A. Razin, eds. International Trade and Trade Policy. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 66-79.

 

-A. Tornell (1991). “Time Inconsistency of Protectionist Programs”. QJE; V.106-#3, pp. 963-974.

 

-D. Wright (1995). “Incentives, Protection, and Time Consistency”. CJE; V.28-#4a, pp. 929-938.

 

-H. Flamm and R. Staiger (1991). “Adverse Selection in Credit Markets and Infant Industry Protection”. in E. Helpman and A. Razin, eds. International Trade and Trade Policy. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 96-117.

 

-E. Bond (1993). “Capital Market Imperfections and the Infant Industry Argument for Protection”. in W. Ethier, E. Helpman and J.P. Neary, eds. Theory, Policy and Dynamics in International Trade. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 191-212.

 

-C. Asilis and M. Richardson (1994). “Infant Industry Policy and Information Revelation”. Estudios Economicos; V.9-#2, pp. 209-36.

 

-D. Leahy and J.P. Neary (1994). “Time Consistency, Learning by Doing, and Infant-Industry Protection: The Linear Case”. Economic and Social Review; V.26-#?, pp. 59-68.

 

-K. Hoff (1997). “Bayesian Learning in an Infant Industry”. JIE; V.43-#3/4, pp. 409-436.

 

-M.C.T. Terra (1999). “Tariff Design with Varying Degrees of Commitment”. JDevE; V.58-#?, pp. 123-147.

 

-M. Kaneda (2003). “Policy Designs in a Dynamic Model of Infant Industry Protection”. Journal of Development Economics; V.72-#1, pp. 91-115.

 

d. Learning-by-doing

 

-H. Ryder (1969). “Optimal Accumulation in a Listian Model”. in H.W. Kuhn and G.P. Szego, Mathematical Systems Theory and Economics--II. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 457-479.

 

-E. Sheshinski (1967). “Optimal Accumulation with Learning by Doing”. in K. Shell, Essays on the Theory of Optimal Economic Growth. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 31-52.

 

-P.K. Bardhan (1971). “On Optimum Subsidy to a Learning Industry: An Aspect of the Theory of Infant-Industry Protection”. IER. V.12-#1, pp. 54-70.

 

-S. Clemhout and H.Y. Wan (1970). “Learning-by-Doing and Infant Industry Protection”. REStud, V.37-#?, pp. 33-56.

 

-M. Teubal (1973). “Comparative Advantage and Technological Change: The Learning by Doing Case”. JIE, V.3-#?, pp. 161-178.

 

-G. Feder and A. Schmitz (1976). “Learning by Doing and Infant Industry Protection: A Partial Equilibrium Approach”. REStud. V.43-#1, pp. 175-178.

 

-P. Krugman (1987). “The Narrow Moving Band, The Dutch Disease, and the Competitive Consequences of Mrs. Thatcher: Notes on Trade in the Presence of Dynamic Scale Economies”. JDevEc; V.27-#?, pp. 41-55.

 

-P. Succar (1987). “The Need for Industrial Policy in LDC’s: A Restatement of the Infant Industry Argument”. IER, V.28-#2, pp. 521-534.

 

-H.P. Bowen (1988). “Protection and Welfare in the Presence of Dynamic Learning”. WA, V.124-#4, pp. 607-621.

 

-P. Dasgupta and J. Stiglitz (1988). “Learning-by-Doing, Market Structure, and Industrial and Trade Policies”. OEP; V.40-#?, pp. 246-268.

 

-M.S. Alam, M. Shahid (1991). “A Reexamination of the Infant Industry Argument”. Rivista Internazionale di Scienze Economiche e Commerciali; V.38-#1,pp. 7-16.

 

-J. Rauch (1992). “A Note on the Optimum Subsidy to a Learning Economy”. JDevE; V.38-#?, pp. 233-243.

 

-J. Ishikawa (1992). “Learning by Doing, Changes in Industrial Structure and Trade Patterns, and Economic Growth in a Small Open Economy”. JIE, V.33-#3/4, pp. 221-244.

 

-D. Leahy and J.P. Neary (1999). “Learning by Doing, Precommitment and Infant-Industry Protection”. REStud; V.66-#2, pp. 447-474.

 

Naito, Takumi (2000). “A Rationale for Infant-Industry Protection and Gradual Trade Liberalization”. Review of Development Economics; V.4-#2, pp. 164-74.

 

e. Empirical Evaluations of the Infant Industry Argument

 

-P. David (1970). “Learning-by-doing and Tariff Protection: A Reconsideration of the Case of the Ante-Bellum US Cotton Textile Industry”. Journal of Economic History; V.30-#?, pp. 521-601. [comment by J. Williamson and response, (1972), V.32-#?, pp. 691-727.]

 

-K. Head (1994). “Infant Industry Protection in the Steel Rail Industry”. JIE; V.37-#3/4, pp. 141-165.

 

-D. Irwin (1998). “Did Late Nineteenth Century U.S. Tariffs Promote Infant Industries? Evidence from the Tinplate Industry”. Journal of Economic History, V.60-#2, pp. 335-360.

 

-A. Krueger and B. Tuncer (1982). “An Empirical Test of the Infant-Industry Argument”. AER. V.72-#5, pp. 1142-1152. [comment by A. Harrison and response, AER, 1994, V.94-#4, pp. 1090-1096.]

 

-L. Westphal (1982). “Fostering Technological Mastery by Means of Selective Infant-Industry Protection”. in M. Syrquin and S. Teitel, Trade, Stability, Technology and Equity in Latin America. New York: Academic Press, pp. 255-279.

 

-M. Bell, B. Ross-Larson, and L. Westphal (1984). “Assessing the Performance of Infant Industries”. JDevE; V.16-#?, pp. 101-128.

 

-H. Pack and L. Westphal (1986). “Industrial Strategy and Technological Change: Theory versus Reality”. JDevE; V.V.22-#?, pp. 87-128.

 

-H. Bruton (1989). “Import Substitution”. in H. Chenery and T.N. Srinivasan, eds. Handbook of Development Economics--V.2. Amsterdam: North Holland, pp.

 

-G. Grossman (1990). “Promoting New Industrial Activities: A Survey of Recent Arguments and Evidence”. OECD Economic Observer; V.14, pp. 87-125.

 

-D. Rodrik (1995). “Trade and Industrial Policy Reform”. in J. Behrman and T.N. Srinivasan, eds. Handbook of Development Economics--V.III. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 2925-2982.

 

B. Intra-Industry Trade and the International Division of Labor

 

1. Intra-Industry Trade

 

a. Overviews

 

-H. Grubel and P. Lloyd (1975). Intra Industry Trade: The Theory and Measurement of International Trade with Differentiated Products. London: Macmillan.

 

-P.K.M. Tharakan (1981). “The Economics of Intra-Industry Trade: A Survey”. Recherches Economiques de Louvain; V.47-#3/4, pp. 259-290.

 

-D. Greenaway and C. Milner (1986). The Economics of Intra-Industry Trade. Oxford: Blackwell.

 

-D. Greenaway and C. Milner (1987). “Intraindustry Trade: Current Perspectives and Unresolved Issues”. WA; V.123-#1, pp. 39-57.

 

-P. Gray (1988). “Intra-Industry Trade: An ‘Untidy’ Phenomenon”. WA; V.124-#2, pp. 211-229.

 

-D. Greenaway and J. Torstensson (1997). “Back to the Future: Taking Stock on Intra-industry Trade”. WA; V.133-#2, pp. 249-269.

 

-J. Torstensson (1999). “Intra-industry Trade: What Does the Theory Predict and How Robust are the Empirical Estimates”. in M. Brülhart and R. Hine, eds. Intra-Industry Trade and Adjustment: The European Experience. London: Macmillan, pp. 13-35.

 

-H. Giersch, ed. (1979). On the Economics of Intra-Industry Trade. Tubingen: J.C.B. Mohr.

 

-P.K.M. Tharakan, ed. (1983). Intra-Industry Trade: Empirical and Methodological Aspects. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

 

-D. Greenaway and P.K.M. Tharakan, eds. (1986). Imperfect Competition and International Trade: The Policy Aspects of Intra-Industry Trade. Brighton: Wheatsheaf.

 

-P.K.M. Tharakan and J. Kol, eds. (1989). Intra-Industry Trade: Theory, Evidence and Extensions. New York: Macmillan.

 

-H. Grubel and P. Lloyd (1971). “The Empirical Measurement of Intra-Industry Trade”. EcRec; V.47-#?, pp. 494-517.

 

-D. Greenaway (1984). “The Measurement of Product Differentiation in Empirical Studies of Trade Flows”. in H. Kierzkowski, ed. Monopolistic Competition and International Trade. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

 

-D. Greenaway (1982). “Identifying the Gains from Pure Intra-Industry Exchange”. Journal of Economic Studies; V.9-#?, pp. 40-56.

 

b. Gravity Models

 

(1) Theoretical Foundations?

 

-J. Anderson (1979). “A Theoretical Foundation for the Gravity Equation”. AER; V.69-#?, pp. 106-116.

 

-J. Bergstrand (1985). “The Gravity Equation in International Trade: Some Microeconomic Foundations and Empirical Evidence”. REStat; V.67-#3, pp. 474-481.

 

-J. Bergstrand (1989). “The Generalized Gravity Equation, Monopolistic Competition, and the Factor-Proportions Theory in International Trade”. REStat; V.71-#1, pp. 143-153.

 

-E. Helpman (1987). “Imperfect Competition and International Trade: Evidence from Fourteen Industrial Countries”. JJIE; V.1-#1, pp. 62-81.

 

-A. Merkies and C. van Beers (1994). “Paradigm Lost, Economics Regained: An Anatomical Lesson on the Gravity Model”. in J.W. Gunning, et al., eds. Trade, Aid and Development: Essays in Honour of Hans Linnemann. New York: St. Martin’s Press; London: Macmillan Press, pp. 50-85.

 

-D. Davis (1995). “Intra-Industry Trade: A Heckscher-Ohlin-Ricardo Approach”. JIE; V.39-$3/4, pp. 201-226.

 

-A. Deardorff (1998). “Determinants of Bilateral Trade: Does Gravity Work in a Neoclassical World?”. in J. Frankel, ed. The Regionalization of the World Economy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 7-22.

 

-S. Evenett and W. Keller (2002). “On Theories Explaining the Success of the Gravity Equation”. Journal of Political Economy; V110-#2, pp. 281-316.

 

(2) Econometric Issues

 

-M. Sanso, R. Cuairan and F. Sanz (1993). “Bilateral Trade Flows, the Gravity Equation, and Functional Form”. REStat; V.75-#2, pp. 266-275.

 

-L. Mátyás (1997). “The Proper Econometric Specification of the Gravity Equation”. World Economy; V.20-#3, pp. 363-368.

 

-L. Mátyás (1998). “The Gravity Model: Some Econometric Considerations”. World Economy; V.21-#3, pp. 397-401.

 

-K. Kalirajan (1999). “Stochastic Varying Coefficients Gravity Model: An Application in Trade Analysis”. Journal of Applied Statistics; V.26-#2, pp. 185-193.

 

-P. Egger (2000). “A Note on the Proper Econometric Specification of the Gravity Equation”. EcLets; V.66-#1, pp. 25-31.

 

-I-Hui Cheng and Howard J. Wall (1999). “Controlling for Heterogeneity in Gravity Models of Trade”. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Working Paper; #99-010A

 

-P. Egger and M. Pfaffermayr (2003). “The Proper Panel Econometric Specification for the Gravity Equation: A Three-way Model with Bilateral Interaction Effects”. Empirical Economics; V.28-#3, pp. 571-580.

 

-B. Baltagi, P. Egger and M. Pfaffermayr (2003). “A Generalized Design for Bilateral Trade Flow Models”. Economics Letters; V.80-#?, pp. 391-397.

 

-A. Sen and T. Smith (1995). Gravity Models of Spatial Interaction Behavior. Heidelberg: Springer, Advances in Spatial and Network Economics series.

 

(3) Applications

 

(a) Trade Patterns

 

-I. Savage and K. Deutsch (1960). “A Statistical Model of the Gross Analysis of Transaction Flows”. Econometrica; V.2-#3, pp. 551-572.

 

-P. Pöyhönen (1963). “A Tentative Model for the Volume of Trade between Countries”. WA; V.90-#1, pp. 93-98.

 

-K. Pullianen (1963). “A World Trade Study: An Econometric Model of the Pattern of Commodity Flows in International Trade in 1948-1960". Ekonomiska Sanfundits Tidskrift; V.17-#2, pp. 78-91.

 

-H. Linneman (1966). An Econometric Analysis of International Trade Flows. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

 

-E. Leamer (1974). “The Commodity Composition of International Trade in Manufactures: An Empirical Analysis”. OEP; V.?-#?, pp. 350-374.

 

-R. Shelburne (1987). “A Ratio Test of Trade Intensity and Per-capita-Income Similarity”. WA; V.123-#3, pp. 474-487.

 

-J. Bergstrand (1990). “The HOS Model, The Linder Hypothesis and the Determinants of Bilateral Intra-Industry Trade”. EJ; V.100-#403, pp. 1216-1229.

 

-J. Thursby and M. Thursby (1987). “Bilateral Trade Flows, The Linder Hypothesis and Exchange Risk”. REStat; V.69-#3, pp. 488-495.

 

-J. Bikker (1987). “An International Trade Flow with Substitution: An Extension of the Gravity Model”. KYKLOS; V.40-#3, pp. 315-337.

 

-P. DeGrauwe (1988). “Exchange Rate Variability and the Slowdown in Growth of International Trade”. IMFSP; V.35-#?, pp. 63-84.

 

-E. Helpman (1987). “Imperfect Competition and International Trade: Evidence from Fourteen Industrial Countries”. JJIE; V.1-#1, pp. 62-81.

 

-D. Hummels and J. Levinsohn (1995). “Monopolistic Competition and International Trade: Reconsidering the Evidence”. QJE; V.110-#3, pp. 799-836.

 

-D. Davis and D. Weinstein (1999). “Economic Geography and Regional Production Structure: An Empirical Investigation”. European Economic Review; V.43-#2, pp. 379-407.

 

-R. Feenstra, J. Markusen, and A. Rose (1999). “Using The Gravity Model to Differentiate among Alternative Theories of Trade”. CJE; V.34-#2, pp. 430-447.

 

-S. Evenett and W. Keller (2002). “On Theories Explaining the Success of the Gravity Equation”. Journal of Political Economy; V110-#2, pp. 281-316.

 

-P. Jensen (2000). “Analysis of Bilateral Trade Patterns with Panel Data”. RIE; V.8-#1, pp. 86-99.

 

-S. Baier and J. Bergstrand (2001). “The Growth of World Trade: Tariffs, Transport Costs, and Income Similarity”. JIE; V.53-#1, pp. 1-27.

 

-B. Smarzynska (2001). “Does Relative Location Matter for Bilateral Trade Flows? An Extension of the Gravity Model”. Journal of Economic Integration; V.16-#3, pp. 379-398.

 

-J. Anderson and D. Marcouiller (2002). “Insecurity and the Pattern of Trade: An Empirical Investigation”. REStat; V.84-#1, pp. 342-352.

 

-Prakash Loungani, Ashoka Mody, and Assaf Razin (2002). “The Global Disconnect: The Role of Transactional Distance and Scale Economies in Gravity Equations”. Scottish Journal of Political Economy; V.49-#5, pp. 526-543.

 

-William K. Hutchinson (2002). “Does Ease of Communication Increase Trade? Commonality of Language and Bilateral Trade”. Scottish Journal of Political Economy; V.49-#5, pp. 544-556.

 

-Howard Wall (2003). “NAFTA and the Geography of North American Trade”. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review; V.85-#2, pp. 13-26.

 

-Cletus Coughlin and Howard Wall (2003). “NAFTA and the Changing Pattern of State Exports”. Papers in Regional Science; V.82-#4, pp. 427-450.

 

-C. Filippini and V. Molini (2003). “The Determinants of East Asian Trade Flows: A Gravity Equation Approach”. Journal of Asian Economics; V.14-#5, pp. 695-711.

 

-S. Evenett and W. Keller (1996). “Bilateral Trade Flows: One Prediction of Several Thousand Theories Estimated in Nine Thousand and Two Samples”. Ms: University of Michigan/University of Wisconsin.

 

-W. Keller (1998). “Bilateral Trade in a Multilateral World with Imperfect Specialization”. Ms: University of Wisconsin.

 

-D. Davis and D. Weinstein (1998). “Market Access, Economic Geography and Comparative Advantage: An Empirical Assessment”. Ms: Columbia.

 

-J. Haveman and D. Hummels (1999). “Alternative Hypotheses and the Volume of Trade: Evidence on the Extent of Specialization”. ms: Purdue/U. of Chicago.

 

(b) Border Effects/Home Market Bias

 

-J. McCallum (1995). “National Borders Matter: Canada-US Regional Trade Patterns”. AER; V.85-#3, pp. 615-623.

 

C. Engel and J. Rogers (1996). “How Wide is the Border?”. AER; V.86-#5, pp. 1112-1125.

 

-J. Helliwell (1996). “Do National Borders Matter for Quebec’s Trade?”. CJE; V.29-#3, pp. 507-522.

 

-J. Helliwell (1997). “National Borders, Trade and Migration”. Pacific Economic Review; V.2-#3, pp. 165-185.

 

-J. Helliwell (1998). How Much Do National Borders Matter? Washington, DC: Brookings.

 

-S.-J. Wei (1996). “Intra-National versus International Trade: How Stubborn are National in Global Integration?”. NBER Working Paper; #5531.

 

M. A. Anderson and S. Smith (1999). “Do National Borders Really Matter? Canada-US Regional Trade Reconsidered”. RIE; V.7-#2, pp. 219-227.

 

M. A. Anderson and S. Smith (1999). “Canadian Provinces in World Trade: Engagement and Detachment”. CJE; V.32-#1, pp. 22-38.

 

-E. van Wincoop and Y. Iwamoto (2000). “Do Borders Matter? Evidence from Japanese Regional Net Capital Flows”. IER; V.41-#1, pp. 241-269.

 

-H. Wolf (2000). “Intranational Home Bias in Trade”. REStat; V.82-#4, pp. 555-563.

 

-H. Wolf (2000). “(Why) Do Borders Matter for Trade”. In G. Hess and E. van Wincoop, eds. Intranational Macroeconomics. Cambridge, CUP, pp. 112-128.

 

-V. Nitsch (2000). “National borders and International Trade: Evidence from the European Union” CJE, V.33-#4, pp. 1091-1105.

 

J. Ceglowski (2000). “Has the Border Narrowed?”. North American Journal Of Economics And Finance; V.11-#1, pp. 61-75.

 

-J. Ceglowski (2000). “Regionalization and Home Bias: The Case of Canada”. Journal of Economic Integration; V.15-#4, pp. 548-564.

 

-J. Helliwell and G. Verdier (2001). “Measuring Internal Trade Distances: A New Method Applied to Estimate Provincial Border Effects in Canada”. CJE; V.34-#?, pp. 1024-1041.

 

-J. Helliwell (2002). “Measuring the Width of National Borders”. Review of International Economics; V.10-#3, pp. 517-524.

 

-Keith Head and Thierry Mayer (2000). “Non-Europe: The Magnitude and Causes of Market Fragmentation in the EU”. Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv/Review of World Economics; V.136-#2, pp. 284-314.

 

Keith Head, Thierry Mayer, and John Ries (2002). “On the Pervasiveness of Home Market Effects”. Economica; V.69-#275; pp. 371-390.

 

-Keith Head and Thierry Mayer (2002). “Effet frontiere, integration economique et ‘Forteresse Europe’”. Economie et Prevision; #152/3, pp. 71-92

 

-Robert Feenstra (2002). “Border Effects and the Gravity Equation: Consistent Methods for Estimation”. Scottish Journal of Political Economy; V.49-#5, pp. 491-506.

 

-Russell Hillberry (2002). “Aggregation Bias, Compositional Change and Border Effect”. Canadian Journal of Economics; V.35-#3, pp. 517-530.

 

-J. Anderson and E. van Wincoop (2003). “Borders, Trade, and Welfare”. S. Collins and D. Rodrik, eds. Brookings Trade Forum–2001. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, pp. 207-243.

 

-J. Anderson and E. van Wincoop (2003). “Gravity with Gravitas: A Solution to the Border Puzzle”. AER; V.93-#1, pp. 170-192.

 

-D. Davis and D. Weinstein (2003). “Market Access, Economic Geography and Comparative Advantage: An Empirical Test,”. Journal of International Economics; V.59-#1, pp. 1-23.

 

-C. Evans (2003). “The Economic Significance of National Border Effects”.AER; V.93-#4, pp. 1291-1312..

 

-D. Parsley and S.-J. Wei (2000). “Explaining the Border Effect: The Role of Exchange Rate Variability, Shipping Costs, and Geography”. NBER Working Paper, #7836

 

K. Head and T. Mayer (2000). “Illusory Border Effects: How Internal Geography Influences External Trade Volumes”. Ms: UBC.

 

M. Anderson and S. Smith (2000). “Information Networks, Hysteresis, and the Border Effect in International Trade”. Ms: USITC.

 

-R. Hilberry and D. Hummels (2000). “Explaining Home Bias in Consumption: Production Location, Commodity Composition and Magnification”. Ms: USITC & Purdue University.

 

-C. Evans (2000). “National Border Effects, Heterogeneous Fixed Costs of International Trade, and Variety Availability”. Ms: Federal Reserve Bank of NY.

 

-E. van Wincoop (2000). “Borders and Trade”. ms: Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

 

(c) Policy Distortion

 

-J. Brocker and H. Rohweder (1990). “Barriers to International Trade: Methods of Measurement and Empirical Evidence”. Annals of Regional Science; V.24-#4, pp. 289-305.

 

-H. Wall (1999). “Using the Gravity Model to Estimate the Costs of Protection”. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Review; January/February, pp. 33-40.

 

-J. Harrigan (1993). “OECD Imports and Trade Barriers in 1983". JIE; V.35-#1/2, pp. 91-111.

 

-J. Harrigan (1996). “Openness to trade in Manufactures in the OECD”. JIE; V.40-#1/2, pp. 23-39.

 

-G. Biessen (1991). “Is the Impact of Central Planning on the Level of Foreign Trade Really Negative?”. Journal of Comparative Economics; V.15-#1, pp. 22-44.

 

-C. Montenegro and R. Soto (1996). “How Distorted Is Cuba’s Trade? Evidence and Predictions from a Gravity Model”. Journal of International Trade and Economic Development; V.5-#1, pp. 45-70.

 

-S. Dhar and A. Panagariya (1999). “Is East Asia Less Open than North America and the EEC? No”. in J. Piggott and A. Woodland, eds. International Trade Policy and the Pacific Rim. London: Macmillan, pp. 105-123

 

-D. Coe and A. Hoffmaister (1999). “North-South Trade: Is Africa Unusual?”. Journal of African Economies; V.8-#2, pp. 228-256.

 

-S. Bougheas, P. Demetriades, E. Morgenroth (1999). “Infrastructure, Transport Costs and Trade”. JIE; V.47-#1, pp. 169-189.

 

-Simon J. Evenett (2002). “The Impact of Economic Sanctions on South African Exports”. Scottish Journal of Political Economy; V.49-#5, pp. 557-573.

 

(d) Integration

 

-V. Ogueldo and C. MacPhee (1994). “Gravity Models: A Reformulation and an Application to Discriminatory Trade Arrangements”. Applied Economics; V.26-#2, pp. 107-120.

 

-H. Glejser (1969). “A Gravity Model of Interdependent Equations to Estimate Flow Creation and Diversion”. Journal of Regional Science; V.9-#?, pp. 439-449.

 

-N. Aitken (1973). “The Effect of the EEC and EFTA on European Trade: A Temporal, Cross-Section Analysis”. AER; V.63-#5, pp. 881-892.

 

-J. Brada and J. Mendez (1985). “Economic Integration Among Developed, Developing and Centrally Planned Economies: A Comparative Analysis”. REStat; V.

 

-Linnemann, Hans and Harmen Verbruggen (1991). “GSTP Tariff Reduction and Its Effects on South-South Trade in Manufactures”. World Development; V.19-#?, pp. 539-551.

 

-J. Bikker (1992). “Internal and External Trade Liberalization in the EEC: An Econometric Analysis of International Trade Flows”. Economie Appliquee; V.45-#3, pp. 91-119.

 

-J. Frankel (1993). “Is Japan Creating a Yen Bloc in East Asia and the Pacific?”. In J. Frankel and M. Kahler, eds. Regionalism and Rivalry: Japan and the US in Pacific Asia. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 53-85.

 

-J. Frankel, E. Stein, and S. Wei (1995). “Trading Blocs in the Americas: The Natural, The Unnatural and the Supernatural”. JDevE; V.47-#?, pp. 61-95.

 

-J. Frankel, E. Stein, and S. Wei (1998). “Continental Trading Blocs: Are They Natural or Supernatural?”. in J. Frankel, ed. The Regionalization of the World Economy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 91-113.

 

-J. Frankel (1997). Regional Trading Blocs. Washington, DC: IIE.

 

-J.J. Polak (1996). “Is APEC a Natural Regional Trading Bloc? A Critique of the ‘Gravity Model’ of International Trade”. World Economy; V.19-#5, pp. 533-543.

 

-A. Panagariya (1997). “Preferential Trading and the Myth of Natural Trading Partners”. Japan and the World Economy; V.9-#4, pp. 471-489.

 

-A. Panagariya (1998). “Do Transport Costs Justify Regional Preferential Trading Arrangements? No”. WA; V.134-#2, pp. 280-301.

 

-P. Krishna (2003). “Are Regional Trading Partners ‘Natural’”. JPE; V.111-#1, pp. 202-226.

 

-R. Baldwin (1994). “Potential Trade Patterns”. Chapter 3 of Towards and Integrated Europe. London: CEPR, pp. 80-119.

 

-B. Eichengreen and D. Irwin (1998). “The Role of History in Bilateral Trade Flows”. in J. Frankel, ed. The Regionalization of the World Economy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 33-57.

 

-T. Bayoumi and B. Eichengreen (1995). “Is Regionalism Simply a Diversion? Evidence from the EC and EFTA”. in T. Ito and A.O. Krueger, eds. Regionalism versus Multilateral Trade Arrangements. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 141-164.

 

-F. Abraham, E. Buyst, and S. Geyssens (1997). “Trade Integration in the Twentieth Century: What Does Belgian History Tell Us?”. WA; V.133-#4, pp. 708-736.

 

-G. Garman, J. Petersen, and D. Gilliard (1998). “Economic Integration in the Americas: 1975-1992”. Journal of Applied Business Research; V.14-#3, pp. 1-12.

 

-D. Karemera, David, et al. (1999). “A Gravity Model Analysis of the Benefits of Economic Integration in the Pacific Rim”. Journal of Economic Integration; V.14-#3, pp. 347-367.

 

-F. Sanz (2000). “A Kalman Filter-Gravity Equation Approach to Assess the Trade Impact of Economic Integration: The Case of Spain, 1986-1992". WA; V.136-#1, pp. 84-110.

 

-K.P. Kalirajan (2000). “Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation (IOR-ARC): Impact on Australia’s Trade”. Journal of Economic Integration; V.15-#4, pp. 533-547.

 

-J. Fidrmuc and J. Fidrmuc (2000). “Disintegration and Trade”. CEPR Discussion Paper; # 2641.

 

-I Soloaga and L. A. Winters (2001). “Regionalism in the Nineties: What Effect on Trade?”. North American Journal of Economics and Finance; V.12-#1, pp. 1-29.

 

-Sapir, André (2001). “Domino effects in Western European regional trade, 1960-1992”. EJPE; V.17-#2, pp. 377-388.

 

-David Greenaway and Chris Milner (2002). “Regionalism and Gravity”. Scottish Journal of Political Economy; V.49-#5, pp. 574-585.

 

-H. Wall (2002). “Has Japan been Left Out in the Cold by Regional Integration?”. Bank of Japan Monetary and Economic Studies; V.20-#2, pp. 117-134.

 

-Scott Baier and Jeffry Bergstrand (2003). “Economic Determinants of Free Trade Agreements”. Journal of International Economics; forth.

 

(e) Common Currencies and Trade Flows

 

-J. Frankel and S. Wei (1992). “Trade Blocs and Currency Blocs”. NBER Working Paper, #4335.

 

-B. Eichengreen and D. Irwin (1995). “Trade Blocs, Currency Blocs and the Reorientation of Trade in the 1930s”. JIE; V.38-#1/2, pp. 1-24.

 

-A. Rose (2000). “One Money, One Market: The Effect of Common Currencies on Trade”. Economic Policy; V.30-#?, pp. 9-45.

 

-T. Persson (2001). “Currency Unions and Trade: How Large is the Treatment Effect”. Economic Policy; V.?-#33, pp. 435-448.

 

-A. Rose (2001). “Currency Unions and Trade: The Effect is Large”. Economic Policy; V.?-#33, pp. 449-461.

 

-M. Pakko and H. Wall (2001). “Reconsidering the Trade-Creating Effects of a Currency Union”. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Review; September/October, pp. 37-45.

 

-V. Nitsch (2002). “Honey, I Shrunk the Currency Union Effect on Trade”. World Economy; V.25-#4, pp. 457-474.

 

-A. Rose (2002). “Honey, The Currency Union Effect on Trade Hasn’t Blown Up”. World Economy; V.25-#4, pp. 475479.

 

-A. Rose and E. Van Wincoop (2001). “National Money as a Barrier to Trade: The Real Case for a Currency Union”. AER; V.91-#2, pp. 386-390.

 

-J. Frankel and A. Rose (2002). “An Estimate of the Effect of Currency Unions on Trade and Growth”. QJE; V.117-#2, pp. 437-466.

 

-A. Rose and C. Engel (2002). “Currency Unions and International Integration”. JMCB; V.34-#4, pp. 1067-1089.

 

-R. Glick and A. Rose (2002). “Does a Currency Union Affect Trade? The Time Series Evidence”. European Economic Review; V.46-#6, pp. 1125-51. [also in E. Helpman and E. Sadka, eds. Economic Policy in the International Economy. Cambridge: CUP.]

 

-S. Edwards and I.I. Magendzo (2002). “Independent Currency Unions, Growth and Inflation”. Bank of Japan Monetary and Economic Studies; V.20-#S-1, pp. 215-240.

 

-E. Levy Yeyati (2003). “On the Impact of a Common Currency on Bilateral Trade”. Economics Letters; V.79-#1, pp. 125-129.

 

-A. Micco, E. Stein and G. Ordoñez (2003). “The Currency Union Effect on Trade: Early Evidence from the EMU”. Economic Policy; V.18-#37, pp. 315-356.

 

-E. Lopez-Cordova and E. Meissner (2003). “Exchange Rate Regimes and International Trade: Evidence from the Classical Gold Standard Era”. American Economic Review; V.93-#1, pp. 344-353.

 

-Estevadeordal, Antoni, Brian Frantz and Alan Taylor (2003). “The Rise and Fall of World Trade, 1870-1939”. Quarterly Journal of Economics; V.118-#2, pp. 359-407.

 

c. Per Capita Income, Taste Similarity and Trade: The Linder Hypothesis

 

-S.B. Linder (1961). An Essay on Trade and Transformation. New York: J. Wiley.

 

-J. Sailors, U. Quereshi and E. Cross (1973). “An Empirical Verification of Linder’s Trade Thesis”. SEJ; V.40-#?, pp. 262-266. (Comment by J. Hoftyzer (1975), V.41-#?, pp. 694-698)

 

-S. Kolhagen (1977). “Income Distribution and `Representative Demand` in International Trade Flows: An Empirical Test of Linder’s Hypothesis”. SEJ; V.44-#?, pp. 167-172.

 

-D. Greytak and R. McHugh (1977). “Linder’s Trade Thesis: An Empirical Examination”. SEJ; V.43-#?, pp. 1386-1389.

 

-N. Fortune (1979). “Income Distribution and Linder’s Thesis”. SEJ; V.46-#?, pp. 158-167.

 

-T. Kennedy and R. McHugh (1980). “An Intertemporal Test and Rejection of the Linder Hypothesis”. SEJ; V.46-#?, pp. 898-903.

 

-U. Quereshi, G. French and J. Sailors (1980). “Linder’s Trade Thesis: A Further Examination”. SEJ; V.46-#?, pp. 933-936.

 

-R. Arad and S. Hirsch (1981). “Determination of Trade Flows and the Choice of Trade Partners: Reconciling the H-O and Burenstam-Linder Models of International Trade”. WA; V.117-#2, pp. 276-297.

 

-T. Kennedy and R. McHugh (1983). “Taste Similarity and Trade Intensity: A Test of the Linder Hypothesis for the US”. WA; V.119-#3, pp. 84-96.

 

-C. Ellis (1983). “An Alternative Interpretation and Empirical Test of the Linder Hypothesis”. Quarterly Journal of Business and Economics; V.22-#?, pp. 53-62.

 

-E. Klieman and Y. Kop (1984). “Who Trades with Whom: The Income Pattern of International Trade”. WA; V.120-#3, pp. 499-521.

 

-J. Hoftyzer (1984). “A Further Analysis of the Linder Trade Thesis”. Quarterly Review of Economics and Business; V.24-#?, pp. 57-90.

 

d. Theoretical Accounts of General Intra-Industry Trade

 

(1) Monopolistic Competition/Horizontal Differentiation

 

-H. Grubel (1970). “The Theory of Intra-Industry Trade”. in I. McDougall and R. Snape, eds. Studies in International Economics. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 35-51.

 

-H.P. Gray (1973). “Two Way International Trade in Manufactures: A Theoretical Underpinning”. WA; V.109-#1, pp. 19-39. (Comment by R. Davies, V.113-#1, pp. 179-181)

 

-H.P. Gray (1980). “The Theory of International Trade among Industrial Nations”. WA; V.116-#3, pp. 447-470.

 

-U. Broll and B.M. Gilroy (1985). “International Division of Labor and Intra-Trade”. Economia Internazionale; V.38-#2, pp. 3-8.

 

-U. Broll and B.M. Gilroy (1985). “Developing Countries in the Light of Intra-Trade”. Asian Economies; V.55, pp. 20-26.

 

-S. Mainardi (1986). “A Theoretical Interpretation of Intra-Firm Trade in the Presence of Intra-Industry Trade”. in Greenaway and Tharakan, eds.

 

(2) Competitive Markets/Horizontal Differentiation

 

-J. Chipman (1985). “Product Diversification, Equalization of Factor Rentals and Consumer Preferences”. in H. Milde and H. Monissen, eds. Rationale Wirtschaftspolitic in komplexen Gesellschaften. Stuttgart: Verlag W. Kolhammer, pp. 284-295.

 

-J. Chipman (1990). “A General Equilibrium Econometric Model of an Open Economy--With Special Reference to the Phenomenon of Intra-Industry Trade”. in B. Fuchssteiner, T. Lengauer and H. Skala, eds. Methods of Operations Research (60). Frankfurt: Verlag Anton Hain Meisenheim GmbH, pp. 3-14.

 

-D. Davis (1995). “Intra-industry Trade: A Heckscher-Ohlin-Ricardo Approach”. JIE; V.39-#3/4, pp. 201-226.

 

-J. Bhagwati and D. Davis (1999). “Intra-Industry Trade: Issues and Theory”. in James Melvin, James Moore, and Ray Riezman, eds., Trade, Welfare, and Econometrics: Essays in Honor of John S. Chipman. New York: Routledge, pp. 1-16.

 

(3) Competitive Markets/Vertical Differentiation

 

-R. Falvey (1981). “Commercial Policy and Intra-Industry Trade”. JIE; V.11-#?, pp. 495-511.

 

-R. Falvey and H. Kierzkowski (1987). “Product Quality, Intra-Industry Trade and (Im)Perfect Competition”. in H. Kierzkowski, ed. Protection and Competition in International Trade. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 143-161.

 

e. Methodological Issues in the Study of Intra-Industry Trade

 

(1) Categorical Aggregation

 

-J.M. Finger (1975). “Trade Overlap and Intra-Industry Trade”. Economic Inquiry; V.13-#4, pp. 581-589. [Comment and reply, EcInq, 1978]

 

-P. Rayment (1976). “The Homogeneity of Manufacturing Industries with Respect to Factor Intensity: the Case of the United Kingdom”. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics; V.38-#?, pp. 203-209.

 

-R. Lipsey (1976). “Review of Grubel and Lloyd, Intra-Industry Trade”. JIE; V.6-#3, pp. 312-314.

 

-H.P. Gray (1979). “Intra-Industry Trade: The Effects of Different Levels of Data Aggregation”. in Giersch, ed., pp. 87-110.

 

-H.P. Gray and J.P. Martin (1980). “The Meaning and Measurement of Product Differentiation in International Trade”. WA; V.116-#2, pp. 322-329.

 

-R. Pomfret (1979). “Intra-Industry Trade in Intra-regional and International Trade”. in Giersch, ed., pp. 115-131.

 

-D. Greenaway and C. Milner (1983). “On the Measurement of Intra-Industry Trade”. EJ; V.93-#372, pp. 900-908. (Comment and Response, EJ, 1985, V.95-#378, pp. 486-487)

 

-R. Pomfret (1986). “On the Division of Labour and Intra-Industry Trade”. Journal of Economic Studies; V.13-#1, pp. 56-63.

 

-S. Vona (1990). “Intra-industry Trade: A Statistical Artefact or a Real Phenomenon?”. Banca Nazionale del Lavoro-Quarterly Review; #175; pp. 383-412.

 

-J. Rodgers (1988). “Intra-Industry Trade, Aggregation and the HOS Model”. Journal of Economic Studies; V.15-#5, pp. 5-23.

 

-J. Chipman (1992). “Intra-Industry Trade, Factor Proportions and Aggregation”. in W. Neuefeind and R. Riezman, eds. Economic Theory and International Trade. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 67-92.

 

(2) Weighting Problems

 

-K. Nobel (1983). “Intra- vs. Inter-Industry Trade: The Case of Many Countries and Industries”. Zeitschfrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften; V103-#4, pp. 341-349.

 

-C. Milner (1988). “Weighting Problems in the Measurement of Intra-Industry Trade”. Applied Economics; V.20-#?, pp. 295-302.

 

(3) Trade Imbalance

 

-H. Grubel and P. Lloyd (1971). “The Empirical Measurement of Intra- Industry Trade”. Economic Record; V.47-#120, pp. 494-517.

 

-D. Greenaway and C. Milner (1981). “Trade Imbalance Effects and the Measurement of Intra-Industry Trade”. WA; V.117-#4, pp. 756-762.

 

-A. Aquino (1981). “The Measurement of Intra-Industry Trade When Overall Trade Is Imbalanced”. WA; V.117-#4, pp. 763-766.

 

-J. Kol and L. Mennes (1989). “Corrections for Trade Imbalance: A Survey”. WA; V.125-#4, pp. 703-717.

 

-S. Vona (1991). “On the Measurement of Intra-Industry Trade: Some Further Thoughts”. WA; V.127-#4, pp. 678-700.

 

-R. Rajan (1996). “Measures of Intra-Industry Trade Reconsidered with Reference to Singapore’s Bilateral Trade with Japan and the United States”. WA; V.132-#2, pp. 378-389.

 

-L. Nilsson (1997). “”The Measurement of Intra-industry Trade between Unequal Partners”. WA; V.133-#3, pp. 554-565.

 

f. Tests of General Intra-Industry Trade Models

 

(1) Horizontal Intra-Industry Trade

 

-K. Kojima (1964). “The Pattern of International Trade Among Advanced Industrial Countries”. Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics; V.5-#1, pp. 16-36.

 

-G. Hufbauer and J. Chilas (1974). “Specialization by Industrial Countries: Extent and Consequences”. in H. Giersch, ed. The International Division of Labor: Problems and Perspectives. Tubingen: J.C.B. Mohr, pp. 3-38.

 

-H. Hesse (1974). “Hypotheses for the Explanation of Trade between Industrial Countries, 1953-1970". in H. Giersch, ed. The International Division of Labor: Problems and Perspectives. Tubingen: J.C.B. Mohr, pp. 39-59.

 

-E. Pagoulatos and R. Sorensen (1975). “Two-Way International Trade: An Econometric Analysis”. WA; V.111-#3, pp. 454-465.

 

-A. Aquino (1978). “Intra-Industry Trade and Intra-Industry Specialization as Concurrent Sources of International Trade in Manufactures”. WA; V.114-#2, pp. 275-295.

 

-D. McAleese (1979). “Intra-Industry Trade, Level of Development and Market Size”. in Giersch, ed., pp. 137-154.

 

-J.M. Finger and D. DeRosa (1979). “Trade Overlap, Comparative Advantage and Protection”. in Giersch, ed., pp. 213-240.

 

-R. Loertscher and F. Wolter (1980). “Determinants of Intra-Industry Trade: Among Countries and Accross Industries”. WA; V.116-#2, pp. 281-293.

 

-R. Caves (1981). “Intra-Industry Trade and Market Structure in the Industrialised Countries”. OEP; V.33-#2, pp. 203-223.

 

-K. Toh (1982). “A Cross-Section Analysis of Intra-Industry Trade in US Manufacturing Industries”. WA; V118-#2, pp. 281-300.

 

-L. Lundberg (1982). “Intra-Industry Trade: The Case of Sweden”. WA; V.118-#2, pp. 302-314.

 

-J. Bergstrand (1983). “Measurement and Determinants of Intra-Industry Trade”. in Tharakan, ed., pp. 201-253.

 

-P.B.W. Rayment (1983). “Intra-‘Industry’ Specialisation and the Foreign Trade of Industrial Countries”. in S.F. Frowen, ed. Controlling Industrial Economies. London: Macmillan, pp. 1-28.

 

-D. Greenaway (1983). “Intra-industry and Inter-Industry Trade in Switzerland”. WA; V.119-#?, pp. 109-121.

 

-D. Greenaway and C. Milner (1984). “A Cross Section Analysis of Intra-Industry Trade in the UK”. EER; V.25-#3, pp. 319-344.

 

-B. Balassa (1986). “The Determinants of Intra-Industry Specialization in US Trade”. OEP; V.38-#2, pp. 220-233.

 

-B. Balassa (1986). “Intra-Industry Specialization: A Cross-Country Analysis”. EER; V.30-#1, pp. 27-42.

 

-B. Balassa (1986). “Intra-Industry Trade Among Exporters of Manufactured Goods”. in D. Greenaway and P.K.M. Tharakan, eds. Imperfect Competition and International Trade: The Policy Aspects of Intra-Industry Trade. Brighton: Wheatsheaf, pp. 108-128.

 

-B. Balassa and L. Bauwens (1987). “Intra-Industry Specialization in a Multi-Country and Multi-Industry Framework”. EJ; V.97-#388, pp. 923-239.

 

-B. Balassa and L. Bauwens (1988). “Inter-Industry and Intra-Industry Specialization in Manufactured Goods”. WA; V.124-#1, pp. 1-113.

 

-B. Balassa and L. Bauwens (1988). “The Determinants of Intra-European Trade in Manufactured Goods”. EER; V.32-#6, pp. 1421-1437.

 

-C. Culem and L. Lundberg (1986). “The Product Pattern of Intra-Industry Trade: Stability Among Countries and over Time”. WA; V.122-#1, pp. 113-130.

 

-P. Messerlin and S. Becuwe (1986). “Intra-Industry Trade in the Long-Run: The French Case, 1850-1913". in D. Greenaway and P.K.M. Tharakan, eds. Imperfect Competition and International Trade: The Policy Aspects of Intra-Industry Trade. Brighton: Wheatsheaf, pp. 191-215.

 

-L. Lundberg (1988). “The Role of Comparative Costs for Determining Inter- and Intra-industry Trade with Developing Countries”. EER; V.32-#9, pp. 1699-1710.

 

-F. Niroomand (1988). “Inter- versus Intra-industry Trade: A Note on U.S. Trends, 1963-1980". WA; V.124-#2, pp. 337-340.

 

-Y.S. Lee (1989). “A Study of the Determinants of Intra-industry Trade among the Pacific Basin Countries”. WA; V.125-#2, pp. 346-358.

 

-M.J. Farrell (1991). “Industry Characteristics and Scale Economies as Sources of Intra-industry Trade”. JEcStud; V.18-#4, pp. 36-58.

 

-R. Ratnayake and P. Athukorala (1992). “Intra-industry Trade: The Australian Experience”. International Economic Journal; V.6-#4,pp. 47-62.

 

-K. Hughes (1993). “Intra-Industry Trade in the 1980s: A Panel Study”. WA; V.129-#3, pp. 561-572.

 

-D. Clark (1993). “Recent Evidence on Determinants of Intra-Industry Trade”. WA; V.129-#?, pp. 332-344.

 

-J. Stone and H. Lee (1995). “Determinants of Intra-Industry Trade: A Longitudinal, Cross-Country Analysis”. WA; V.131-#1, pp. 67-85.

 

-J. Torstensson (1996). “Determinants of Intra-Industry Trade: A Sensitivity Analysis”. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics; V.58-#3, pp. 507-524.

 

-D. Clark (1998). “Determinants of Intraindustry Trade between the United States and Industrial Nations”. International Trade Journal; V.12-#3, pp. 345-362.

 

-O. Havrylyshyn and E. Civan (1983). “Intra-Industry Trade and the Stage of Development”. in Tharakan, ed., pp. 111-140.

 

-O. Havrylyshyn and E. Civan (1985). “Intra-industry Trade among Developing Countries”. Journal of Development Economics; V.18-#2/3, pp. 253-71.

 

-P.K.M. Tharakan (1984). “Intra-Industry Trade Between the Industrial Countries and the Developing World”. EER; V.26-#1/2, pp. 213-227.

 

-P.K.M. Tharakan (1986). “The Intra-Industry Trade of Benelux with the Developing World”. WA; V.122-#1, pp. 131-148.

 

(2) Vertical Intra-Industry Trade

 

-P.K.M. Tharakan (1989). “Bilateral Intra-Industry Trade between Countries with Different Factor Endowments”. in P.K.M. Tharakan and J. Kol, eds. Intra-Industry Trade: Theory, Evidence, and Extensions. London: Macmillan.

 

-K. Abed-el-Rahman (1991). “Firms’ Competitive and National Comparative Advantages as Joint Determinants of Trade Composition”. WA; V.127-#1, pp. 83-97.

 

-J. Torstensson (1991). “Quality Differentiation and Factor Proportions in International Trade: An Empirical Test of the Swedish Case”. WA; V.127-#?, pp. 183-194.

 

-J. Torstensson (1996). “Can Factor Proportions Explain Vertical Intra-industry Trade?”. Applied Economics Letters; V.3-#5, pp. 307-309.

 

-D. Greenaway, R. Hine and C. Milner (1995). “Country-specific Factors and the Pattern of Horizontal and Vertical Intra-Industry Trade in the UK”. WA; V.130-#1, pp. 77-100.

 

-D. Greenaway, R. Hine and C. Milner (1995). “Vertical and Horizontal Intra-Industry Trade: A Cross-Industry Analysis for the UK”. EJ; v.105-#433, pp. 1505-1518.

 

-R. Hine, D. Greenaway and C. Milner (1999). “Vertical and Horizontal Intra-industry Trade: An Analysis of Country- and Industry-Specific Determinants”. in M. Brülhart and R. Hine, eds. Intra-Industry Trade and Adjustment: The European Experience. London: Macmillan, pp. 70-97.

 

-M. Schuler (1995). “On Intra-Industry Trade in Intermediates”. Economia Internazionale; V.48-#1, pp. 67-84.

 

-P.K.M. Tharakan and B. Kerstens (1995). “Does North-South Horizontal Intra-industry Trade Really Exist? An Analysis of the Toy Industry”. WA. V.131-#1, pp. 86-105.

 

-G. Rossini and M. Burattoni (1996). “Trade and Convergence between Rich and Developing Countries: Some Empirical Evidence on Macrodeterminants of Specialization”. WA; V.132-#1, pp. 75-96.

 

-J. Menon, D. Greenaway, and C. Milner (1999). “Industrial Structure and Australia-UK Intra-Industry Trade”. EcRec; V.75-#228, pp. 19-27.

 

-D. Greenaway, C. Milner, and R. Elliott (1999). “UK Intra-Industry Trade with the EU North and South”. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics; V.61-#3, pp. 365-383.

 

(3) Intra-Industry FDI and Trade

 

-T. Agmon (1979). “Direct Investment and Intra-Industry Trade: Substitutes or Complements”. . In H. Giersch, ed. On the Economics of Intra-Industry Trade. Tübingen: JCB Mohr

 

-H. Grubel (1979). “Towards a Theory of Two-Way Trade in Capital Assets”. In H. Giersch, ed. On the Economics of Intra-Industry Trade. Tübingen: JCB Mohr.

 

-J. Dunning (1981). “A Note on Intra-Industry Foreign Direct Investment”. Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review; V.139-#?, pp. 427-437.

 

-G. Norman and J. Dunning (1984). “Intra-Industry Foreign Direct Investment: Its Rationale and Effects”. WA; V.120-#?, pp. 522-540.

 

-J. Dunning and G. Norman (1986). “Intra-Industry Investment”. In H.P. Gray, ed. Research in International Business and Finance. V.5. Greenwich: JAI Press.

 

-E. Wickham and H. Thompson (1989). “An Empirical Analysis of Intra-Industry Trade and Multinational Firms”. in Tharakan and Kol, pp. 121-144.

 

-J. Cantwell (1994). “The Relationship between International Trade and International Production”. In D. Greenaway and L.A. Winters, eds. Surveys in International Trade. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 303-328.

 

-D. Greenaway, P. Lloyd, and C. Milner (2001). “New Concepts and Measures of the Globalisation of Production”. EcLets; V.73-#1, pp. 57-63.

 

(4) Trade Similarity and Intra-Industry Specialization

 

-M. Michaely (1962). Concentration in International Trade. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

 

-J.M. Finger and M. Kreinin (1979). “A Measure of ‘Export Similarity’ and Its Possible Uses”. EJ; V.89-#?, pp. 905-912.

 

-R. Pomfret (1981). “The Impact of EEC Enlargement on Non-Member Mediterranean Countries’ Exports to the EEC”. EJ; V.91-#363, pp. 726-729

 

-M. Kellman and T. Schroder (1983). “The Export Similarity Index: Some Structural Tests”. EJ; V.93-#369, pp. 193-198.

 

-H. Glejser, K. Goossens and M. Vanden Eede (1979). “Inter-Industry and Intra-Industry Specialisation Do Occur in World Trade”. EcLets; V.3-#?, pp. 261-265.

 

-H. Glejser, K. Goossens and M. Vanden Eede (1982). “Inter-Industry versus Intra-Industry Specialisation in Exports and Imports (1959-1970-1973)”. JIE; V.12-#?, pp. 353-369.

 

-H. Glejser (1983). “Intra-Industry and Inter-Industry Trade Specialization: Trends and Cycles in the EEC (1973-1979)”. in Tharakan, ed.

 

-M.G. Fase (1985). “The Statistical Properties of Glejser’s Measure of industry Trade Specialisation”. JIE; V.19-#3/4, pp. 375-382.

 

-J. Kol and L. Mennes (1986). “Intra-Industry Specialization: Some Observations on Concepts and Measurement”. JIE; V.21-#1/2, pp. 173-181.

 

-R. Helg, P. Manasse, T. Monacelli, and R. Rovelli (1995). “How Much (A)symmetry in Europe? Evidence from Industrial Sectors”. EER; V.39-#?, pp. 1017-1041.

 

-G. Rossini and M. Burattoni (1996). “Trade and Convergence between Rich and Developing Countries: Some Empirical Estimates on Macrodeterminants of Specialisation”. WA; V.132-#1, pp. 75-96.

 

-S. De Nardis, A. Goglio, and M. Malgarini (1996). “Regional Specialization and Shocks in Europe: Some Evidence from Regional Data”. WA; V.132-#2, pp. 197-214.

 

-G. Ottaviano and D. Puga (1998). “Agglomeration in the Global Economy: A Survey of the ‘New Economic Geography’”. World Economy; V.21-#6, pp. 707 -731.

 

-M. Brülhart (1998). “Economic Geography, Industry Location and Trade: The Evidence”. World Economy; V.21-#6, pp. 775 -801.

 

H. Vandenbussche and J. Konigs (1998). “Globalisation and the Effects of National Versus International Competition on the Labour Market: Theory and Evidence from Belgian Firm Level Data”. World Economy; V.21-#8, pp. 1151-1177.

 

-G. Hanson (1998). “North American economic integration and industry location”. Oxford Review of Economic Policy; V.14-#2, pp. 30-44.

 

-M. Amiti (1998). “New Trade Theories and Industrial Location in the EU: A Survey of Evidence”. Oxford Review of Economic Policy; V.14-#2, pp. 45-53.

 

g. Trade Liberalization and IIT

 

(1) EC/EU

 

-P.J. Verdoorn (1960). “The Intra-Bloc Trade of BENELUX”. in E.A.G. Robinson, ed. Economic Consequences of the Size of Nations. London: Macmillan, pp. 291-329.

 

-J. Drèze (1960). “Quelques Réflexions Sereines sur l’Adaptationde l’Industrie Belge au Marché Commun”. Comptes-rendus des Travaux de la Société d’Economie Politique de Belgique; #275, pp. 3-37. [Translated as, “The Standard Goods Hypothesis”. in A. Jacquemin and A. Sapir, eds. The European Internal Market: Trade and Competition. Oxford: OUP, pp. 13-32.]

 

-J. Drèze (1961). “Les Exportations intra-CEE en 1958 et la Position Belge”. Recherches Economiques de Louvain; V.27-#?, pp. 717-738.

 

-B. Balassa (1966). “Tariff Reductions and Trade in Manufactures Among the Industrial Countries”. AER; V.56-#3, pp. 466-473.

 

-B. Balassa (1967). Trade Liberalization among Industrial Countries: Objectives and Alternatives. New York: McGraw Hill/Council on Foreign Relations.

 

-H. Grubel (1967). “Intra-Industry Specialization and the Pattern of Trade”. Canadian Journal of Economics and Political Science; V.33-#?, pp. 374-388.

 

-M. Adler (1970). “Specialisation in the European Coal and Steel Community”. Journal of Common Market Studies; V.7-#?, pp. 175-191.

 

-B. Balassa (1974). “Trade Creation and Trade Diversion in the European Common Market: An Appraisal of the Evidence”. Manchester School, V.42-#2, pp. 93-135.

 

-M. Kreinin (1981). “Static Effect of E.C. Enlargement on Trade Flows in Manufactured Products”. KYKLOS; V.34-#1, pp. 60-71. [esp. Appendix, pp. 68-70.]

 

-G. Rossini (1983). “Intraindustry Trade in Two Areas: Some Aspects of Trade Within and Outside a Customs Union”. Keio Economic Studies; V.20-#?, pp. 1-26.

 

-Z. Drabek and D. Greenaway (1984). “Economic Integration and Intra-Industry Trade: The CMEA and EEC Compared”. KYKLOS; V.37-#?, pp. 444-469.

 

-J.O. Andersson (1987). “Integration and Intra-industry Trade: A Study of the Nordic Countries Using LISREL-Estimates”. in J.O. Andersson, ed.. Nordic studies on Intra-industry trade. Abo, Finland: Abo Academy Press, pp. 131-147.

 

-D. Greenaway (1987). “Intra-industry Specialization, Intra-firm Trade and European Integration”. JCMS; V.26-#?, pp. 153-172.

 

-D. Greenaway (1989). “Regional Trading Arrangements and Intra-Industry Trade: Evidence and Policy Issues”. in D. Greenaway, T. Hyclak, and R. Thornton, eds. Economic Aspects of Regional Trading Arrangements. New York: NYU Press, pp. 31-42.

 

-L. Lundberg (1992). “Economic Integration, Inter- and Intra-Industry Trade: The Case of Sweden and the EC”. Scandinavian Journal of Economics; V.94-#3, pp. 393-408.

 

-O. Cadot, R. Faini, and J. de Melo (1995). “Early Trade Patterns under the Europe Agreements: France, Germany, Italy”. EER; V.39-#3/4, pp. 601-610.

 

-M. Burattoni and G. Rossini (1996). “Intraindustry Trade in Italy: From the Customs Union to the European Union”. in D. Greenaway, ed. Trade Specialization in Europe. London: McMillan.

 

-M. Brülhart and R. Elliott (1999). “A Survey of Intra-Industry Trade in the European Union”. in M. Brülhart and R. Hine, eds. Intra-Industry Trade and Adjustment: The European Experience. London: Macmillan, pp. 98-117.

 

(2) Australia-New Zealand

 

-S. Bano and P. Lane (1987). “New Zealand-Australia Intra-Industry Trade”. in A. Bollard and M. Thompson, eds. Trans-Tasman Trade and Investment. Wellington: New Zealand Institute of Economic Research, pp. 28-36.

 

-R. Ratnayke and S. Jayasuriya (1991). “Intra-industry Trade and Protection: Which Way Does the Causation Go?”. EcLets; V.35-#1, pp. 71-76.

 

-J. Menon (1994). “Trade Liberalisation, Closer Economic Relations, and Intra-Industry Specialization”. Australian Economic Review; 2nd Quarter, pp. 31-42.

 

-J. Menon and P. Dixon (1996). “Regional Trading Agreements and Intra-industry Trade”. Journal of Economic Integration; V.11-#1, pp. 1-20.

 

-K. Matthews (1998). “Intra-industry Trade: An Australian Panel Study”. Journal of Economic Studies; V.25-#2, pp. 84-97.

 

(3) NAFTA

 

-S. Globerman (1992). “North American Trade Liberalization and Intra-Industry Trade”. WA; V.128-#3, pp. 487-497.

 

-R. Shelburne (1993). “Changing Trade Patterns and the IIT Index: A Note”. WA; V.129-#4, pp. 829-833. [Response by Globerman follows]

 

-J. Gonzalez and A. Velez (1993). “An Empirical Estimation of the Level of Intra-industry Trade between Mexico and the United States”. in K. Fatemi, ed.. North American Free Trade Agreement: Opportunities and challenges. New York: St. Martin’s Press, pp. 161-172

 

-J. Gonzalez and A. Velez (1995). “Intra-industry Trade between the United States and the Major Latin American Countries: Measurement and Implications for Free Trade in the Americas”. International Trade Journal; V.9-#4, pp. 519-536.

 

-J.S. Little (1996). “U.S. Regional Trade with Canada During the Transition to Free Trade”. New England Economic Review; January/February, pp. 3-22.

 

(4) General Trade Liberalization

 

-G. Hufbauer and J. Chilas (1972). “Specialization by Industrial Countries: Extent and Consequences”. in H. Giersch, ed. The International Division of Labor: Problems and Perspectives. Tubingen: J.C.B. Mohr, pp. 3-38.

 

-H.P. Marvel and E.J. Ray (1987). “Intra-Industry Trade: Sources and Effects of Protection”. JPE; V.95-#6, pp. 1278-1291.

 

-E.J. Ray (1991). “U.S. Protection and Intra-industry Trade: The Message to Developing Countries”. Economic Development and Cultural Change; V.40-#1, pp. 169-187.

 

-S. Globerman and J. Dean (1990). “Recent Trends in Intra-Industry Trade and Their Implications for Future Trade Liberalization”. WA; V.126-#1, pp. 25-48.

 

-P. Drysdale and R. Garnaut (1993). “The Pacific: An Application of a General Theory of Economic Integration”. in C. Bergsten and M. Noland, eds. Pacific Dynamism and the International Economic System. Washington, DC: IIE, pp.

 

-J. Menon and P. Dixon (1996). “How Important Is Intra-industry Trade in Trade Growth?”. Open Economies Review; V.7-#2, pp. 161-175.

 

-J. Menon (1997). “Japan’s Intraindustry Trade Dynamics”. JJIE; V.11-#?, pp. 123-142.

 

(5) South-South Liberalization and IIT

 

-L. Willmore (1974). “The Pattern of Trade and Specialization in the Central American Common Market”. Journal of Economic Studies; V.2-#?, pp. 113-134.

 

-L. Willmore (1979). “The Industrial Economics of Intra-Industry Trade and Specialization”. in Giersch, ed., pp. 185-205.

 

-B. Balassa (1979). “Intra-Industry Trade and the Integration of Developing Countries in the World Economy”. in Giersch, ed., pp. 245-270.

 

-J. Behar (1991). “Economic Integration and Intra-industry Trade: The Case of the Argentine-Brazilian Free Trade Agreement”. Journal of Common Market Studies; V.29-#5, pp. 527-552.

 

-R. Guell and D. Richards (1998). “Regional Integration and Intra-industry Trade in Latin America, 1980-90". International Review of Applied Economics; V.12-#2, pp. 283-300.

 

-P. Rodas-Martini (1998). “Intra-industry Trade and Revealed Comparative Advantage in the Central American Common Market”. World Development; V.26-#2, pp. 337-44.

 

-J. Menon (1996). “The Dynamics of Intra-industry Trade in ASEAN”. Asian Economic Journal; V.10-#1, pp. 105-115.

 

h. Intra-Industry Trade and Economic Adjustment

 

(1) Methodological Issues: Marginal/Dynamic Intra-Industry Trade

 

-M. Brülhart (1999). “Marginal Intra-Industry Trade and Trade-Induced Adjustment: A Survey”. in M. Brülhart and R. Hine, eds. Intra-Industry Trade and Adjustment: The European Experience. London: Macmillan, pp. 36-69.

 

-C. Hamilton and P. Kniest (1991). “Trade Liberalisation, Structural Adjustment and Intra-industry Trade”. WA; V.127-#2, pp. 356-367.

 

-D. Greenaway, R. Hine, C. Milner and R. Elliott (1994). “Adjustment and the Measurement of Marginal Intra-industry Trade”. WA; V.130-#2, pp. 418-427.

 

-M. Brülhart (1994). “Marginal Intra-industry Trade: Measurement and Relevance for the Pattern of Industrial Adjustment”. WA; V.130-#3, pp. 600-613.

 

-P. Dixon and J. Menon (1997). “Measures of Intra-industry Trade as Indicators of Factor Market Disruption”. Economic Record; V.73-#222, pp. 233-237.

 

-J. Menon and P. Dixon (1997). “Intra-Industry versus Inter-Industry Trade: Relevance for Adjustment Costs”. WA; V.133-#1, pp. 164-169.

 

-J. Oliveras and I. Terra (1997). “Marginal Intra-Industry Trade Index: The Period and Aggregation Choice”. WA; V.133-#1, pp. 170-178.

 

-A. Azhar, R. Elliott, and C. Milner (1998). “Static and Dynamic Measurement of Intra-Industry Trade and Adjustment: A Geometric Reappraisal”. WA; V.134-#?, pp. 404-422.

 

-R. Thom and M. McDowell (1999). “Measuring Marginal Intra-Industry Trade”. WA, V.135-#1, pp. 48-61.

 

(2) IIT, Industry and Factor-Market Adjustment

 

-D. Greenaway and P.K.M. Tharakan (1986). “Imperfect Competition, Adjustment Policy, and Commercial Policy”. in D. Greenaway and P.K.M. Tharakan, eds. Imperfect Competition and International Trade: The Policy Aspects of Intra-Industry Trade. Brighton: Wheatsheaf, pp. 7-33.

 

-G. White (1984). “Intra-Industry Trade Adjustment and European Industrial Policies”. in A. Jacquemin, ed.. European Industry: Public Policy and Corporate Strategy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, Clarendon Press, pp. 172-190.

 

-L. Lundberg and P. Hansson (1986). “Intra-Industry Trade and Its Consequences for Adjustment”. in D. Greenaway and P.K.M. Tharakan, eds. Imperfect Competition and International Trade: The Policy Aspects of Intra-Industry Trade. Brighton: Wheatsheaf, pp. 129-147.

 

-R. Hine (1989). “Spain’s Entry into the European Community: Some Aspects of the Political Economy of Adjustment”. in D. Greenaway, T. Hyclak, and R. Thornton, eds. Economic Aspects of Regional Trading Arrangements. New York: NYU Press, pp. 125-151.

 

-R. Hine (1989). “Customs Union Enlargement and Adjustment: Spain’s Accession to the European Community”. JCMS; V.28-#1, pp. 1-28.

 

-D. Greenaway and R. Hine (1991). “Adjustment, Specialization and Trade Expansion in the European Economic Space”. JCMS; V.29-#6, pp. 603-621.

 

-M. Brülhart and D. McAleese (1995). “Intra-industry Trade and Industrial Adjustment: The Irish Experience”. Economic and Social Review; V.26-#2, pp. 107-129.

 

-M. Brülhart and R. Elliott (1998). “Adjustment to the European Single Market: Inferences from Intra-industry Trade Patterns”. Journal of Economic Studies; V.25-#3, pp. 225-247.

 

-M. Brülhart (1998). “Trading Places: Industrial Specialization in the European Union”. Journal of Common Market Studies; V.36-#3, pp. 319-46.

 

-M. Brülhart and R. Hine, eds. (1999). Intra-Industry Trade and Adjustment: The European Experience. London: Macmillan.

 

-M. Brülhart, Anthony Murphy, and Eric Strobl (1998). “Intra-Industry Trade and Job Turnover”. Centre for Research on Globalisation and Labour Markets, Research Paper; #98/4.

 

-R. Thom and M. McDowell (1998). “Trade Liberalisation and Adjustment: How Important is Intra-Industry Trade?”. University College, Dublin Centre of Economic Research Working Paper #98/6.

 

-M. Brülhart and R. Elliott (2000). “Labour-market Effects of Intra-Industry Trade: Evidence for the United Kingdom”. Centre for Research on Globalisation and Labour Markets Research Paper; #2000/21.

 

-D. Greenaway, M. Haynes, and C. Milner (2001). “Adjustment, Employment Characteristics and Interindustry Trade”. Centre for Research on Globalisation and Labour Markets Research Paper; #2001/?.

 

2. Trade and Trade Policy with Quality Differentiated Goods

 

a. Quality Upgrading and the Cost of Protection with Full Information

 

(1) Fixed Exogenous Qualities

 

-R. Falvey (1979). “The Composition of Trade within Import-restricted Product Categories”. JPE; V.87-#5, pp. 1105-1114.

 

-C. Hamilton (1986). “The Upgrading Effects of VERs”. WA; V.122-#?, pp 358-364.

 

-B.J. Liu (1989). “Quality Shift and Voluntary Export Restraints from the Perspective of the Exporting Country”. ms: National Taiwan University.

 

-B.J. Liu (1989). “Quality Shift and Voluntary Export Restraints in the Presence fo Foreign Competition”. ms: National Taiwan University.

 

-I. Gibbs and V. Konovalov (1984). “Volume Quotas with Heterogeneous Product Categories”. EcRec; V.60-#?, pp. 294-303.

 

-T. Bark and J. deMelo (1987). “Export Mix Adjustment to the Imposition of VERs: Alternative License Allocation Schemes”. WA; V.123-#4, pp 668-677.

 

-G. Berg and E. Bond (1991). “The Welfare Effects of Import ‘Subquotas’ on Heterogeneous Product Categories”. Zeitschrift fur Nationalokonomie; V.54-#3, pp. 251-265.

 

-B.J. Liu (1989). “Upgrading and Export Diversification under Voluntary Export Restraints”. Academia Economic Papers; V.17-#2, pp. 100.

 

-B.Y. Aw and A. Hwang (1991). “Quality Adjustment under Quotas in a Multiproduct Model with Joint Production”. ScanJE; V.93-#4, pp. 555-569.

 

(2) Endogenous Quality

 

-C.A. Rodriguez (1979). “The Quality of Imports and the Differential Welfare Effects of Tariffs, Quotas, and Quality Control as Protective Devices”. CJE; V.12-#3, pp. 439-449.

 

-G. Santoni and T.N.V. Cott (1980). “Import Quotas: The Quality Adjustment Problem”. SEJ; V.46-#?, pp. 1206-1211.

 

-K. Krishna (1987). “Tariffs versus Quotas with Endogenous Quality”. JIE; V.23-#?, pp. 97-122.

 

-S.P. Das and S. Donnenfeld (1987). “Trade Policy and its Impact on Quality of Imports”. JIE; V.23-#?, pp. 77-95.

 

-E. Bond (1988). “Optimal Commercial Policy with Quality Differentiated Products”. JIE; V.25-#?, pp. 271-290.

 

-S.P. Das and S. Donnenfeld (1989). “Oligopolistic Competition and International Trade: Quantity and Quality Restrictions”. JIE; V.27-#3/4, pp. 299-318.

 

-J. Reitzes (1992). “Quality Choice, Trade Policy and Firm Incentives”. IER; V.33-#4, pp. 817-835.

 

-W. Mayer (1982). “The Tariff Equivalence of Import Standards”. IER; V.23-#3, pp. 723-734.

 

-R. Falvey (1981). “Commercial Policy and Intra-Industry Trade”. JIE; V.11-#?, pp. 495-511.

 

-R. Falvey (1983). “Protection and Import Competing Product Selection in a Multi-Product Industry”. IER; V.24-#3, pp. 735-747.

 

-Falvey, R. and H. Kierzkowski (1987). “Product Quality, Intra-Industry Trade and (Im)perfect Competition”. in H. Kierzkowski, ed. Protection and Competition in International Trade. Oxford: Basil Blackwell,

 

-Flamm, H. and E. Helpman (1987). “Vertical Product Differentiation and North-South Trade”. AER; V.77-#5, pp. 810-822.

 

-W. Chang and J.C. Kim (1991). “Strategic Tariff Policy in a Model of Trade in Intermediate and Final Products”. in A. Takayama, M. Ohyama, and H. Ohta, eds. Trade, Policy, and International Adjustments. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 36-59.

 

-W. Chang and F. Chen (1994). “Vertically Related Markets: Export Rivalry between DC and LDC Firms”. RIE; V.2-#2, pp. 131-142.

 

-J. Ries (1993). “Voluntary Export Restraints, Profits and Quality Adjustment”. CJE; V.36-#3, pp. 688-706.

 

-S. Skeath (1995). “Quality-Differentiated Inputs and Trade in Vertically Related Markets”. RIE; V.3-#1, pp. 104-117.

 

-H. Ono (1992). “Optimum Tariffs in Vertical Product Differentiation”. Economic Journal of Hokkaido University; V.21-#1, pp. 25-46.

 

-R. Anderson (1994). “Product Quality Regulation in Open Economies: Implications for Trade”. EcLets; V.45-#?, pp. 343-347.

 

-H. Okamoto and A. Woodland (1998). “North–South Trade, Income Distribution, and Welfare Effects of R&D Policy”. RIE; V.6-#1, pp. 15-29.

 

(3) Empirical Evidence

 

-B.Y. Aw and M. Roberts (1986). “Measuring Quality Change in Quota Constrained Import Markets: The Case of US Footwear”. JIE; V.21-#/, pp. 45-60.

 

-B.Y. Aw and M. Roberts (1988). “Price and Quality Level Comparisons for US Footwear Imports: An Application of Multilateral Index Numbers”. in R. Feenstra, ed. Empirical Methods for International Trade. Cambridge: MIT Press; pp. 257-278.

 

-B.Y. Aw (1992). “An Empirical Model of Markups in a Quality-Differentiated Export Market”. JIE; V.33-#3/4, pp. 327-344.

 

-B.Y. Aw (1993). “Price Discrimination and Markups in Export Markets”. JDevE; V.42-#?, pp. 315-336.

 

-J. de Melo and L.A. Winters (1993). “Price and Quality Effects of VERs Revisited: A Case Study of Korean Footwear Exports”. JEI; V.8-#1, pp. 33-57.

 

-B.J. Liu (1989). “The Study of Upgrading Effects under Export Quotas: The Case of Taiwan’s Textile Industry”. Academia Economic Papers, V.16-#1, pp. 23-54. (in Chinese).

 

-R. Faini and A. Heimler (1991). “The Quality and Production of Textiles and Clothing and the Completion of the Internal Market”. in L.A. Winters and A. Venables, eds. European Integration: Trade and Industry. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 54-81.

 

-R. Feenstra (1988). “Quality Change Under Trade Restraints in Japanese Autos”. QJE; V.103-#1, pp. 131-146.

 

-C. Collyns and S. Dunaway (1987). “The Cost of Trade Restraints: The Case of Japanese Automobile Exports to the US”. IMFSP; V.34-#1, pp. 150-175.

 

-J. deMelo and P. Messerlin (1988). “Price, Quality and Welfare Effects of European VERs on Japanese Autos”. EER; V.32-#?, pp. 1527-1546.

 

-R. Boorstein and R. Feenstra (1991). “Quality Upgrading and Its Welfare Cost in US Steel Imports, 1969-1974". in E. Helpman and A. Razin, eds. International Trade and Trade Policy. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 167-186.

 

b. Asymmetric Information about Quality

 

(1) Uninformed Firms

 

-S. Donnenfeld (1988). “Commercial Policy and Imperfect Discrimination by a Foreign Monopolist”. IER; V.29-#4, pp. 607-620.

 

-K. Krishna (1990). “Protection and the Product Line: Monopoly and Product Quality”. IER; V.31-#1, pp. 87-102. [Comment by H. Wall and response IER (1992), V.33-#4, pp. 973-979]

 

(2) Uninformed Consumers

 

-E. Bond (1984). “International Trade with Uncertain Product Quality”. SEJ; V.51-#1, pp. 196-207.

 

-S. Donnenfeld (1986). “Intra-Industry Trade and Imperfect Information about Product Quality”. EER; V.30-#?, pp. 401-417.

 

-S. Donnenfeld, S. Weber and U. Ben-Zion (1985). “Import Controls under Imperfect Information”. JIE; V.19-#?, pp. 341-354.

 

-S. Donnenfeld and W. Mayer (1987). “The Quality of Export Products and Optimal Trade Policy”. IER. V.28-#1, pp. 159-174.

 

-C.-C. Chiang and R. Masson (1988). Domestic Industrial Structure and Export Quality”. IER; V.29-#2, pp. 261-270.

 

-W. Mayer (1984). “The Infant-Export Industry Argument”. CJE. V.17-#2, pp. 249-269.

 

-H. Flamm (1987). “Reverse Dumping”. EER; V.31-#?, pp. 82-88.

 

-R. Falvey (1989). “Trade, Quality Reputations and Commercial Policy”. IER. V.30-#3, pp. 607-622.

 

-G. Grossman and H. Horn (1988). “Infant Industry Protection Reconsidered: The Case of Informational Barriers to Entry”. QJE. V.103-#4, pp.767-787.

 

-K. Bagwell and R. Staiger (1989). “The Role of Export Subsidies when Product Quality is Unknown”. JIE; V.27-#?, pp. 69-89.

 

-K. Bagwell (1991). “Optimal Export Policy for an New Product Monopoly”. AER; V.81-#5, pp. 1156-1169.

 

-M.-L. Chen (1991). “The Role of R&D Subsidies when Incomplete Information is an Entry-barrier”. JIE; V.31-#3/4, pp. 251-270.

 

-D. Rodrik (1994). “Industrial Organization and Product Quality: Evidence from South Korean and Taiwanese Exports”. in P. Krugman and A. Smith, eds. Empirical Studies of Strategic Trade Policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 195-210.

 

-C. Wojcik (2000). “Strategic Trade Policy in the Presence of Consumer Learning”. Eca; V.67-#?, pp. 283-295.

 

c. Trade and Trade Policy with Vertical Differentiation

 

(1) Some Basic Economics of Vertical Product Differentiation

 

-Jaskold Gabszewicz, J. and J.-F. Thisse (1979). “Price Competition, Quality and Income Disparities”. JET; V.20-#?, pp. 340-359.

 

-Jaskold Gabszewicz, J. and J.-F. Thisse (1980). “Entry and Exit in a Differentiated Industry”. JET; V.22-#?, pp. 327-338.

 

-Shaked, A. and J. Sutton (1982). “Relaxing Price Competition through Product Differentiation”. REStud; V.49-#1, pp. 3-13.

 

-Shaked, A. and J. Sutton (1983). “Natural Oligopolies”. Etrica; V.51-#5, pp. 1469-1483.

 

-Shaked, A. and J. Sutton (1987). “Product Differentiation and Industrial Structure”. Journal of Industrial Economics; V.36-#2, pp. 131-146.

 

-Jaskold Gabszewicz, J. and J.-F. Thisse (1986). “On the Nature of Competition with Differentiated Products”. EJ; V.96-#?, pp. 160-172.

 

(2) Trade and Trade Policy in Vertical Differentiation Models

 

-Jaskold Gabszewicz, J., A. Shaked, J. Sutton and J.-F. Thisse (1981). “International Trade in Differentiated Products”. IER; V.22-#3, pp. 527-534.

 

-Shaked, A. and J. Sutton (1984). “Natural Oligopolies and International Trade”. in H. Kierzkowski, ed. Monopolistic Competition and International Trade. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 34-50.

 

-Katsoulacos, Y. (1989). “On the Welfare Effects of Trade and Innovation in Vertically Differentiated Products”. ZfN; V.49-#2, pp. 165-182.

 

-M. Motta (1992). “Sunk Costs and Trade Liberalization”. EJ; V.102-#?, pp. 578-587.

 

-M. Motta (1994). “International Trade and Investments in a Vertically Differentiated Industry”. International Journal of Industrial Organization; V.12-#?, pp. 179-196.

 

-A. Boom (1995). “Asymmetric International Minimum Quality Standards and Vertical Differentiation”. Journal of Industrial Economics; V.43-#1, pp. 101-119

 

-S. Esfahani (1991). “Reputation and Uncertainty--Toward an Explanation of Quality Problems in Competitive LDC Markets”. JDevE; V.35-#1, pp. 1-32.

 

-S. Marjit and T. Kabiraj (1993). “Income Distribution and the Contractionary Effect of Protection”. EcLets; V.41-#?, pp. 399-405.

 

3. Trade and Trade Policy under Monopolistic Competition

 

-H. Kierzkowski (1985). “Models of International Trade in Differentiated Goods”. in D. Greenaway, ed. Current Issues in International Trade. New York: St. Martins, pp. 7-24.

 

-E. Helpman and P. Krugman (1985). “Differentiated Products”. Part III of Market Structure and Foreign Trade: Increasing Returns, Imperfect Competition and the International Economy. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 113-224.

 

-E. Helpman (1990). “Monopolistic Competition in Trade Theory”. Princeton Special Papers in International Economics, #16.

 

-J. Stiglitz (1984). “Toward a More General Theory of Monopolistic Competition”. in M. Preston and R. Quandt, eds. Prices, Competition and Equilibrium. New York: Barnes and Noble, pp 22-69.

 

-J. Beath and Y. Katsoulacos (1991). The Economic Theory of Product Differentiation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

 

a. Neo-Hotelling Models of Trade and Trade Policy

 

(1) Some Basic Economics of Neo-Hotelling Models

 

-H. Hotelling (1929). “Stability in Competition”. EJ; V.39-#?, pp. 41-55.

 

-B.C. Eaton and R. Lipsey (197?). “The Introduction of Space into the Neoclassical Model of Value Theory”. pp. 59-96.

 

-B.C. Eaton and R. Lipsey (1975). “The Principle of Minimum Differentiation Reconsidered: Some New Developments in the Theory of Spatial Competition”. REStud; V.42-#129, pp. 27-49.

 

-D. Capozza and R. Van Order (1978). “A Generalized Model of Spatial Competition”. AER; V.68-#5, pp. 896-908.

 

-C. D’Aspermont, J.J. Gabszewicz and J.-F. Thisse (1979). “On Hotelling’s `Stability in Competition”. Etrica; V.47-#5, pp. 1145-1150.

 

-N. Encomides (1984). “The Principle of Minimum Differentiation Reconsidered”. EER; V.24-#?, pp. 345-368.

 

-K. Lancaster (1971). Consumer Demand: A New Approach. New York: Columbia University Press.

 

-K. Lancaster (1979). Variety, Equity and Efficiency. New York: Columbia University Press.

 

-S. Salop (1979). “Monopolistic Competition with Outside Goods”. Bell Journal of Economics; V.10-#1, pp. 141-156.

 

-A. Caplin and B. Nalebuff (1986). “Multidimensional Product Differentiation”. OEP; V.38-#?, pp. 129-145.

 

-A. Caplin and B. Nalebuff (1991). “Aggregation and Imperfect Competition: On the Existence of Equilibrium”. Etrica; V.59-#1, pp. 25-59.

 

-J. Levinsohn and R. Feenstra (1990). “Identifying the Competition”. JIE; V.29-#3/4, pp. 199-215.

 

-P. Waelbroeck (1996). “Identifying the Competition: A Note”. JIE; V.41-#1/2, pp. 195-203.

 

-R. Feenstra and J. Levinsohn (1995). “Estimating Markups and Market Conduct with Multidimensional Product Attributes”. REStud; V.62-#1, pp. 19-52.

 

-S. Berry, J. Levinsohn and A. Pakes (1995). “Automobile Prices in Market Equilibrium”. Etrica; V.63-#4, pp. 841-890.

 

(2) Equilibrium, Trade Pattern, and Welfare in Neo-Hotelling Models

 

-H. Katrak (1975). “An Application of Lancaster’s Consumer Demand Theory to some Recent Hypotheses of International Trade”. in M. Parkin and A. Nobay, eds. Contemporary Issues in Economics. Manchester: Manchester University Press, pp. 380-398.

 

-K. Lancaster (1980). “Intra-Industry Trade under Perfect Monopolistic Competition”. JIE; V.10-#?, pp. 151-175.

 

-E. Helpman (1981). “International Trade in the Presence of Product Differentiation, Economies of Scale and Monopolistic Competition: A Chamberlin-Heckscher-Ohlin Approach”. JIE; V.11-#3, pp. 305-340.

 

-D. Greenaway (1982). “Identifying the Gains from Pure Intra-Industry Exchange”. Journal of Economic Studies; V.9-#3, pp. 40-54.

 

-E. Helpman and A. Razin (1984). “Increasing Returns, Monopolistic Competition, and Factor Movements”: A Welfare Analysis”. in H. Kierzkowski, ed. Monopolistic Competition and International Trade. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 124-136.

 

-J. Eaton and H. Kierzkowski (1984). “Oligopolistic Competition, Product Variety, and International Trade”. in H. Kierzkowski, ed. Monopolistic Competition and International Trade. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 69-83.

 

-N. Schmitt (1993). “Equilibria and Entry in Two Interdependent Spatial Markets”. RSUE; V.23-#1, pp. 1-27.

 

-N. Schmitt (1995). “Product Imitation, Product Differentiation and International Trade”. IER; V.36-#3, pp. 583-608.

 

(3) Trade Policy in Neo-Hotelling Models

 

-K. Lancaster (1984). “Protection and Product Differentiation”; in K. Kierzkowski, ed. Monopolistic Competition and International Trade. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 137-179.

 

-K. Lancaster (1991). “The `Product Variety` Case for Protection”. JIE; V.31-#1/2, pp. 1-26.

 

-N. Schmitt (1990). “Two Country Trade Liberalization in an Address Model of Product Differentiation”. CJE; V.23-#3, pp. 654-675.

 

-D. Neven, V. Norman, and J.-J. Thisse (1991). “Attitudes Towards Foreign Products and International Price Competition”. CJE; V.24-#1, pp. 1-11.

 

-B. Lapham (1995). “Tariffs and Welfare in a Dynamic Differentiated Oligopoly”. RIE; V.3-#1, pp. 60-74.

 

(4) Trade Policy in Spatial Models

 

-B. Benson and J. Hartigan (1983). “Tariffs which Lower Price in the Restricting Country: An Analysis of Spatial Markets”. JIE; V.15-#/?, pp. 117-133.

 

-B. Benson and J. Hartigan (1984). “Tariffs and Quotas in a Spatial Duopoly”. SEJ; V.50-#?, pp. 965-978.

 

-R. Porter (1984). “Tariff Policies in a Small Open Spatial Economy”. CJE; V.17-#2, pp. 270-282.

 

-K. Scholer (1986). “A Spatial View on International Dumping”. JIEI; V1-#1, pp. 20-31.

 

-B. Benson and J. Hartigan (1987). “Tariffs and Location Specific Income Distribution”. RSUE; V.17-#?, pp. 223-243.

 

-P. Hatzipanayotou and D. Heffley (1991). “Tariff Protection in an Open Spatial Economy”. Journal of Regional Science; V.31-#1, pp. 1-15.

 

-K. Schöler (1997). “Tariffs, Factor Prices, and Welfare in a Spatial Oligopoly”. Annals of Regional Science; V.31-#?, pp. 353-367.

 

-C.-C. Mai and H. Hwang (1997). “Optimal Tariffs with Endogenous Production Location”. RIE; V.5-#3, pp. 324-332.

 

-P. Barros and X. Martinez-Giralt (1999). “On the Effects of Antidumping Legislation”. RSUE; V.29-#1, pp. 53-72.

 

-M. Greenhut, H. Ohta and J. Sailors (1985). “Reverse Dumping: A Form of Spatial Price Discrimination”. Journal of Industrial Economics; V.34-#2, pp. 167-181.

 

b. Neo-Chamberlin Models of Trade and Trade Policy

 

(1) Some Basic Economics of Neo-Chamberlin Models

 

-A.M. Spence (1976). “Product Selection, Fixed Cost and Monopolistic Competition”. REStud; V.43-#2, pp. 217-235.

 

-A. Dixit and J. Stiglitz (1977). “Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity”. AER, V.67-#3, pp. 297-308. [Comment and Response in AER (1979) V.69-#3, pp. 957-963; (1993) V.83-#1, pp. 295-304.]

 

-R. Koneker and M. Perry (1981). “Product Differentiation, Monopolistic Competition, and Public Policy”. Bell Journal of Economics; V.12-#1, pp. 217-231.

 

-H. Ono (1990). “Symmetric Equilibrium of Monopolistic Competition and Comparative Statics”. Economic Journal of Hokkaido University; V.19; pp. 1-26.

 

-L. Corchón (1991). “Monopolistic Competition: Equilibrium and Optimality”. IJIO; V.9-#?, pp. 441-452.

 

-B. Heijdra and X. Yang (1993). “Imperfect Competition and and Product Differentiation”. Mathematical Social Sciences; V.25-#2, pp. 157-171.

 

-M. Sattinger (1984). “Value of an Additional Firm under Monopolistic Competition”. REStud; V.51-#?, pp. 321-333.

 

-J. Perloff and S. Salop (1985). “Equilibrium with Product Differentiation”. REStud; V.52-#?, pp. 107-120.

 

-O. Hart (1985). “Monopolistic Competition in the Spirit of Chamberlin: A General Model”. REStud; V.52-#?, pp. 529-546.

 

-O. Hart (1985). “Monopolistic Competition in the Spirit of Chamberlin: Special Results”. EJ; V.95-#?, pp. 889-908.

 

-R. Deneckere and M. Rothschild (1992). “Monopolistic Competition and Preference Diversity”. REStud; V.59-#?, pp. 361-373.

 

-M. Weitzman (1994). “Monopolistic Competition with Endogenous Specialization”. REStud; V.61-#1, pp. 45-56.

 

-V. Bohm (1994). “The Foundations of the Theory of Monopolistic Competition Revisited”. JET; V.63-#?, pp. 208-218.

 

-S. Anderson and A. DePalma (1988). “A Representative Consumer Theory of the Logit Model”. IER; V.29-#?, pp. 461-466.

 

-P. Anderson, A. DePalma, and J.F. Thisse (1989). “Demand for Differentiated Products, Discrete Choice and the Address Approach”. REStud; V.56-#1, pp. 21-35.

 

-S. Anderson and A. DePalma (1992). “The Logit as a Model of Product Differentiation”. OEP; V.44-#?, pp. 51-67.

 

-S. Anderson and A. DePalma (2000). “From Local to Global Competition”. European Economic Review; V.44-#3, pp. 423-448.

 

-O.J. Blanchard and N. Kiyotaki (1987). “Monopolistic Competition and the Effects of Aggregate Demand”. AER; V.77-#?, pp. 647-666.

 

(2) Equilibrium, Trade Pattern, and Welfare in Neo-Chamberlin Models

 

-P. Krugman (1979). “Increasing Returns, Monopolistic Competition, and International Trade”. JIE; V.9-#4, pp. 469-479.

 

-T. Biswas (1989). “Monopolistic Competition in a Large Economy”. KES; V.26-#4, pp. 65-71.

 

-K. Shimomura (1995). “Some Implications of Imperfect Competition for Recent Trade Theory”. RIE; V.3-#2, pp. 244-247.

 

-S. Matusz (1998). “Calibrating the Employment Effects of Trade”. RIE; V.64-#4, pp. 592-603.

 

-P. Krugman (1980). “Scale Economies, Product Differentiation, and the Pattern of Trade”. AER; V.70-#5, pp. 950-959.

 

-A. Dixit and V. Norman (1980). “Scale Economies and Imperfect Competition”. Chapter 9 in Theory of International Trade. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 273-295.

 

-C. Lawrence and P. Spiller (1983). “Product Diversity, Economies of Scale, and International Trade”. QJE; V.98-#1, pp. 63-83.

 

-H. Horn (1983). “Some Implications of Non-Homotheticity in Production in a Two-Sector General Equilibrium Model with Monopolistic Competition”. JIE; V.14-#1/2, pp. 85-101.

 

-H. Horn (1984). “Product Diversity, Trade and Welfare”. in H. Kierzkowski, ed. Monopolistic Competition and International Trade. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 51-68.

 

-C.C. Chao and A. Takayama (1990). “Monopolistic Competition, Non-Homotheticity, and the Stability of the Chamberlinian Tangency Solution”. IER; V.31-#1, pp. 73-86.

 

-C.C. Chao and A. Takayama (1988). “Product Differentiation, Heterogeneous Labor, and Non-Homotheticity: Statics and Dynamics”. SEJ; V.?-#?, pp. 263-278.

 

-R. Weder (1995). “Linking Absolute and Comparative Advantage in Trade Theory”. RIE; V.3-#3, pp. 342-354.

 

-M. Amiti (1998). “Inter-industry Trade in Manufactures: Does Country Size Matter?”. JIE; V.44-#2, pp. 231-255.

 

-J. Markusen (1986). “Explaining the Volume of Trade: An Eclectic Approach”. AER; V.76-#5, pp. 1002-1011.

 

-P. Krugman (1993). “The Hub Effect: or, Threeness in International Trade”. in W. Ethier, E. Helpman and J.P. Neary, eds. Theory, Policy and Dynamics in International Trade. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 29-37.

 

-P. Krugman (1981). “Intraindustry Specialization and the Gains from Trade”. JPE; V.89-#5, pp. 959-973

 

-S. Das (1982). “Economies of Scale, Imperfect Competition, and the Pattern of Trade”. EJ; V.92-#365, pp. 684-693.

 

-A.J. Venables (1984). “Multiple Equilibria in the Theory of International Trade with Monopolistically Competitive Commodities”. JIE; V.16-#?, pp. 103-121.

 

-F.J. Anderson (1991). “Trade, Firm Size, and Product Variety under Monopolistic Competition”. CJE; V.24-#1, pp. 12-20.

 

-C.F. Chou and O. Shy (1991). “Intra-Industry Trade and the Variety of Home Products”. CJE; V.24-#2, pp. 405-416.

 

-C. Montagna (2001). “Efficiency Gaps, Love of Variety and International Trade”. Eca; V.68-#269, pp. 27-44.

 

-R. Feenstra (1981). “Product Creation and Trade Pattern: A Theoretical Note on the ‘Biological’ Model of Trade in Similar Products”. in J. Bhagwati, ed. Import Competition and Response. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

 

-E. Dinopoulos (1988). “A Formalization of the ‘Biological’ Model of Trade in Similar Products”. JIE; V.25-#?, pp. 95-110.

 

(3) Empirical Evaluation

 

-E. Helpman (1987). “Imperfect Competition and International Trade: Evidence from Fourteen Industrial Countries”. JJIE; V.1-#1, pp. 62-81.

 

-R. Lawrence (1987). “Does Japan Import Too Little: Closed Minds or Markets?”. BPEA; V.1987-#2, pp. 517-554.

 

-G. Saxonhouse (1989). “Differentiated Products, Economies of Scale, and Access to the Japanese Maket”. In R. Feenstra, ed. Trade Policies for International Competitiveness. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

 

-J. Bergstrand (1989). “The Generalized Gravity Equation, Monopolistic Competition, and the Factor Proportions Theory in International Trade”. REStat; V.71-#?, pp. 143-153.

 

-J. Bergstrand (1990). “The HOS Model, the Linder Hypothesis and the Determinants of Bilateral Intra-Industry Trade”. EJ; V.100-#403, pp. 1216-1229.

 

-D. Hummels and J. Levinsohn (1993). “Product Differentiation as a Source of Comparative Advantage”. AER; V.83-#2, pp. 445-449.

 

-D. Hummels and J. Levinsohn (1995). “Monopolistic Competition and International Trade: Reconsidering the Evidence”. QJE; V.110-#3, pp. 799-836.

 

-P. Jensen (2000). “Analysis of Bilateral Trade Patterns with Panel Data”. RIE; V.8-#1, pp. 86-99.

 

-R. Wasugi (1997). “Missing Factors of Intra-Industry Trade: Some Empirical Evidence Based on Japan”. Japan and the World Economy; V.9-#3, pp. 353-362.

 

-J. Harrigan (1993). “OECD Imports and Trade Barriers in 1983”. JIE; V.35-#1/2, pp. 91-111.

 

-J. Harrigan (1994). “Scale Economies and the Volume of Trade”. REStat; V.76-#2, pp. 321-328.

 

-J. Harrigan (1995). “The Volume of Trade in Differentiated Intermediate Goods: Theory and Evidence”. REStat; V.77-#2, pp. 283-293.

 

-J. Hirschberg, I. Sheldon and J. Drayton (1994). “An Analysis of Bilateral Intra-Industry Trade in the Food Processing Sector”. Applied Economics; V.26-#?, pp. 159-167.

 

-D. Davis and D. Weinstein (1997). “Does Economic Geography Matter for International Specialization”. NBER Working Paper, #5706.

 

-D. Davis and D. Weinstein (1999). “Economic Geography and Regional Production Structure: An Empirical Investigation”. EER; V.43-#2, pp. 379-407.

 

-P. Smith (1999). “Do Geographic Scale Economies Explain Disturbances to Heckscher-Ohlin Trade?”. RIE; V.7-#1, pp. 20-36.

 

-D. Davis and D. Weinstein (2003). “Market Access, Economic Geography and Comparative Advantage: An Empirical Assessment”. JIE; V.59-#1, pp. 1-23.

 

-D. Davis (1998). “The Home Market, Trade, and Industrial Structure”. AER; V.88-#5, pp. 1264-1276.

 

-R. Feenstra, J. Markusen, and A. Rose (1998). “Understanding the Home Market Effect and the Gravity Equation: The Role of Differentiating Goods”. NBER Working Paper, #6804.

 

-R. Feenstra, J. Markusen, and A. Rose (1999). “Using The Gravity Model to Differentiate among Alternative Theories of Trade”. CJE; V.34-#2, pp. 430-447.

 

-J. Haveman and D. Hummels (1999). “Alternative Hypotheses and the Volume of Trade: Evidence on the Extent of Specialization”. ms: Purdue/U. of Chicago.

 

-W. Antweiler and D. Trefler (2002). “Increasing Returns and All That: A View from Trade”. AER; V.92-#1, pp. 93-119.

 

-D. Davis and D. Weinstein (2003). “Bones, Bombs, and Break Points: The Geography of Economic Activity”. AER; V.92-#5, pp. 1269-1289.

 

(4) Trade Policy in Neo-Chamberlin Models

 

-P. Krugman (1982). “Trade in Differentiated Products and the Political-Economy of Trade Liberalization”. in Bhagwati, ed. Import Competition and Response. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 197-208. (Comments by Lancaster, Mussa, and Chipman)

 

-D. Gros (1987). “Protectionism in a Framework with Intra-Industry Trade: Tariffs, Quotas, Retaliation and Welfare Losses”. IMFSP; V.34-#1, pp. 86-114.

 

-D. Gros (1987). “A Note on the Optimal Tariff, Retaliations, and the Welfare Loss from Tariff Wars in a Framework with Intra-Industry Trade”. JIE; V.23-#?, pp. 357-367.

 

-E. Helpman and P. Krugman (1989). “Intraindustry Trade”. Chapter 7 in Trade Policy and Market Structure. Cambridge: MIT, pp. 133-154.

 

-P. Krugman (1991). “Is Bilateralism Bad?”. In E. Helpman and A. Razin, eds. International Trade and Trade Policy. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 9-23.

 

-K. Suzuki (1991). “Choice Between Free Trade and Controlled Trade under Economies of Scale”. in A. Takayama, et al. eds. Trade, Policy, and International Adjustments. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 173-192.

 

-A. Venables (1982). “Optimal Tariffs for Trade in Monopolistically Competitive Commodities”. JIE; V.12-#?, pp. 225-241.

 

-A. Venables (1987). “Trade and Trade Policy with Differentiated Products: A Chamberlinian-Ricardian Model”. EJ; V.97-#?, pp. 700-717.

 

-H. Flam and E. Helpman (1987). “Industrial Policy under Monopolistic Competition”. JIE; V.22-#?, pp. 79-102.

 

-D. Brown (1991). “Tariffs and Capacity Utilization by Monopolistically Competitive Firms”. JIE; V.30-#3/4, pp. 371-381.

 

-R. Fischer and P. Serra (1996). “Income Inequality and Choice of Free Trade in a Model of Intraindustry Trade”. QJE; V.?-#1, pp. 41-64.

 

-P. Sen (1997). “Immiserizing Growth in a Monopolistic Competition Model”. RIE; V.5-#2, pp. 188-194.

 

-C. Milner (1986). “Optimal Intervention in the Presence of Intra-Industry Trade: The Case of Horizontally Differentiated Goods and Monopolistically Competitive Industries”. in D. Greenaway and P. Tharakan, eds. Imperfect Competition and International Trade. Sussex: Wheatsheaf, pp. 47-67.

 

4. Producer Services, External Economies and Decreasing Costs

 

a. Static Analysis

 

(1) Trade Patterns

 

-W. Ethier (1979). “Internationally Decreasing Costs and World Trade”. JIE; V.9-#1, pp. 1-24.

 

-W. Ethier (1982). “National and International Returns to Scale in the Modern Theory of International Trade”. AER; V.72-#3, pp. 388-405.

 

-Y.Y. Choi (1989). “Cross-Technology Trade and the Positive Sum Effect”. IEJ; V.3-#2, pp. 57-71.

 

-F. and L. Rivera-Batiz (1991). “The Effects of Direct Foreign Investment in the Presence of Increasing Returns Due to Specialization”. JDevEc; V.34-#?, pp. 287-307.

 

-J. Markusen (1990). “Micro-foundations of External Economies”. CJE; V.23-#3, pp. 495-508.

 

-J. Markusen (1988). “Production, Trade, and Migration with Differentiated, Skilled Workers”. CJE; V.21-#3, pp. 492-506.

 

-J. Markusen (1989). “Trade In Producer Services and in Other Specialized Inputs”. AER; V.79-#1, pp. 85-95.

 

-C. van Marrewikj, J. Stibora, A. de Vaal, and J.M. Viaene (1997). “Producer Services, Comparative Advantage, and International Trade Patterns”. JIE; V.42-#1/2, pp. 195-220.

 

-S. Matusz (1996). “International Trade, the Division of Labor, and Unemployment”. IER; V.37-#1, pp. 71-84.

 

-K.-y. Wong (1998). “An Extended Ethier Model with the Tradeoff between Economies of Scale and Transaction Costs”. in K. Arrow, Y.-K. Ng, and X. Yang, eds. Increasing Returns and Economic Analysis. New York: St. Martins, pp. 186-204.

 

-E. Helpman (1985). “International Trade in Differentiated Middle Products”. in K. Jungenfelt and D. Hague, eds. Structural Adjustment in Developed Open Economies. New York: St. Martins, pp. 3-34.

 

-W. Ethier and H. Horn (1991). “Services in International Trade”. in E. Helpman and A. Razin, eds. International Trade and Trade Policy. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 223-244.

 

-R. Jones and H. Kierzkowski (1990). “The Role of Services in Production and International Trade”. in R. Jones and A. Krueger, eds. The Political Economy of International Trade. Oxford: Basil Blackwell; pp. 30-48.

 

-B. Edwards and R. Starr (1987). “A Note on Indivisibilities, Specialization and Economies of Scale”. AER; V.77-#1, pp. 192-194.

 

-J.F. Francois (1990). “Trade in Producer Services and Returns Due to Specialization under Monopolistic Competition”. CJE; V.23-#1, pp. 109-124.

 

-J.F. Francois (1990). “Producer Services, Scale and the Division of Labor”. OEP; V.42-#?, pp. 715-729.

 

-M. Burda and B. Dluhosch (1999). “Cost Competition, Fragmentation, and Globalization”. ms: Humboldt University.

 

-M. Burda and B. Dluhosch (1999). “Globalization and European Labor Markets”. in H. Siebert, ed. Globalization and Labor. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck/Institut für Weltwirtschaft, pp. 181-207.

 

(2) Emergent Structure under Multiple Equilibria

 

-J. Markusen (1991). “First Mover Advantages, Blockaded Entry, and the Economics of Uneven Development”. in E. Helpman and A. Razin, eds. International Trade and Trade Policy. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 245-269.

 

-P. Krugman (1995). “Complexity and Emergent Structure in the International Economy”. In J. Levinsohn, A. Deardorff, and R. Stern, eds. New Directions in Trade Theory. Ann Arbor: Univeristy of Michigan Press, pp. 23-46. [comments by Dixit and Matsuyama follow]

 

-K. Matsuyama (1993). “Modelling Complementarity in Monopolistic Competition”. Bank of Japan Monetary and Economic Studies; V.11-#1, pp. 87-109.

 

-K. Matsuyama (1995). “Complementarities and Cumulative Processes in Models of Monopolistic Competition”. JEL; V.33-#2, pp. 701-729.

 

-K. Matsuyama (1997). “Complementarity, Instability and Multiplicity”. Japanese Economic Review; V.48-#3, pp. 240-66.

 

-P. Krugman and A. Venables (1995). “Globalisation and the Inequality of Nations”. QJE; V.110-#4, pp. 857-880.

 

-A. Venables (1996). “Equilibrium Location of Vertically Linked Industries”. IER; V.37-#2, pp. 341-358.

 

-D. Puga and A. Venables (1996). “The Spread of Industry: Spatial Agglomeration in Economic Development”. Journal of the Japanese and International Economies; V.10-#4, pp. 440-464.

 

-A. Rodríguez-Clare (1996). “The Division of Labor and Economic Development”. JDevE; V.49-#1, pp. 3-32.

 

-K. Matsuyama (1996). “Why are There Rich and Poor Countries? Symmetry-Breaking in the World Economy”. Journal of the Japanese and International Economies; V.10-#4, pp. 419-439.

 

-A. Venables (1995). “Economic Integration and the Location of Firms”. AER; V.85-#2, pp. 296-300.

 

-A. Venables (1994). “Economic Integration and Industrial Agglomeration”. Economic and Social Review; V.26-#1, pp. 1-17.

 

-A. Venables and P. Krugman (1996). “Integration, Specialization, and Adjustment”. EER; V.40-#3/5, pp. 959-967.

 

-D. Puga and A. Venables (1997). “Preferential Trading Arrangements and Industrial Location”. JIE; V.43-#3/4, pp. 347-368.

 

-D. Puga (1999). “The Rise and Fall of Regional Inequalities”. EER; V.43-#2, pp. 303-334.

 

-L.A. Ricci (1999). “Economic Geography and Comparative Advantage: Agglomeration versus Specialization”. EER; V.43-#2, pp. 357-377.

 

(3) Trade Policy

 

-J. Markusen (1990). “Derationalizing Tariffs with Specialized Intermediate Inputs and Differentiated Final Goods”. JIE; V.28-#3/4, pp. 375-383.

 

-J. Francois (1992). “Optimal Commercial Policy with International Returns to Scale”. CJE; V.25-#1, pp. 184-195.

 

-J. Francois (1994). “Global Production and Trade: Factor Migration and Commercial Policy with International Scale Economies”. IER; V.35-#3, pp. 565-581.

 

-D. Holtz-Eakin and M. Lovely (1996). “Technological Linkages, Market Structure, and Production Policies”. Journal of Public Economics; V.61-#1, pp. 73-86.

 

-D. Holtz-Eakin and M. Lovely (1996). “Scale Economies, Returns to Variety, and the Productivity of Public Infrastructure”. Regional Science and Urban Economics; V.26-#2, pp. 105-23.

 

-M. Lovely (1997). “Playing by the New Subsidy Rules: Capital Subsidies as Substitutes for Sectoral Subsidies”. JIE; V.43-#3/4, pp. 463-482.

 

-D. Rodrik (1996). “Coordination Failures and Government Policy: A Model with Applications to East Asia and Eastern Europe”. JIE; V.40-#1/2, pp. 1-22.

 

-A. Venables (1996). “Trade Policy, Cumulative Causation, and Industrial Development”. JDevE; V.49-#1, pp. 179-197.

 

-B.S. Chakraborty (2001). “Welfare Consequence of Capital Inflow for a Small Tariff-Protected Economy”. JDevE; V.66-#?, pp. 305-316.

 

-V. Chandra, D. Franck, and N. Naqvi (2002). “World Increasing Returns and Production Subsidies”. Economica; V.69-#?, pp. 223-227.

 

b. Computational Analyses

 

-L. Hunter, J. Markusen and T. Rutherford (1994). “Trade Liberalization in a Multinational Dominated Industry: A Theoretical and Applied General Equilibrium Analysis”. in J. Francois and C. Shiells, eds. New York: CUP.

 

-F. Lopes-de-Silanes, J. Markusen and T. Rutherford (1994). “Complementarity and Increasing Returns in Intermediate Inputs”. JDevE; V.45-#?, pp. 101-119.

 

c. Dynamic Analysis (See: Endogenous Growth Theory)


III. STRATEGIC INTERACTION IN INTERNATIONAL TRADE

 

A. Trade and Trade Policy with Domestic Market Power

 

1. Trade Theory with a Domestic Monopolist

 

a. Theory of Trade with a Monopolist

 

-B&S, Chapter 19

 

-J. Melvin and R. Warne (1973). “Monopoly and the Theory of International Trade”. JIE; V.3-#?, pp. 117-134.

 

-R. Sweeney (1974). “Monopoly, the Law of Comparative Advantage, and Commodity Price Agreements: A Simple General Equilibrium Analysis”. WA; V.110-#2, pp. 259-286.

 

-T. Fukushima and T. Hatta (1985). “Paradoxical Trade Patterns and the Terms of Trade”. EcLets; V.18-#1, pp. 63-66.

 

-R. Staiger (1987). “Heckscher-Ohlin Theory in the Presence of Market Power”. EER; V.31-#?, pp. 97-102

 

-M. Kemp and S. Yabuuchi (1990). “The Role of Information in Trade Theory”. in A. Asimakopulos et al., eds. Economic Theory, Welfare and the State. Montreal: Mcgill-Queens University Press, pp. 121-129.

 

-D. Malueg and M. Schwartz (1994). “Parallel Imports, Demand Dispersion, and International Price Discrimination”. JIE; V.37-#?, pp. 167-195.

 

-K. Stegemann (1983). “Wasteful Imports due to Domestic Monopoly in a Spatially Differentiated Market”. SEJ; V.49-#??, pp. 734-742.

 

-K. Stegemann (1984). “The Social Costs of Monopoly in an Open Economy”. CJE; V.17-#4, pp. 718-730.

 

-F.R. Casas (1989). “Monopoly as a Basis for Trade”. CJE; V.22-#1, pp. 195-201.

 

b. Theory of Trade with Monopsony

 

-B&S, Chapter 20

 

-R. Feenstra (1980). “Monopsony Distortions in an Open Economy”. JIE; V.10-#2, pp. 213-235.

 

-R. McCulloch and J. Yellen (1980). “Factor Market Monopsony and the Allocation of Resources”. JIE; V.10-#2, pp. 237-247.

 

-J. Markusen and A. Robson (1980). “Simple General Equilibrium and Trade with a Monopsonized Sector”. CJE; V.130-#4, pp. 668-682.

 

2. Trade Policy with Domestic Market Power

 

-Corden, Chapter 8

 

-E. Helpman and P, Krugman (1989). “Protection and Domestic Market Power”. Chapter 3 of Trade Policy and Market Structure. Cambridge: MIT, pp. 27-47.

 

a. Partial Equilibrium Analysis: (Non)Equivalence of Tariffs, Quotas and VERs with Monopoly

 

-J. Bhagwati (1965). “On the Equivalence of Tariffs and Quotas”. in R. Baldwin, et al. Trade, Growth and the Balance of Payments; Chicago: Rand McNally, pp. 53-67.

 

-G. Yadav (1968). “A Note on the Equivalence of Tariffs and Quotas”. CJE; V.1-#1, pp. 105-110.

 

-H. Shibata (1968). “A Note on the Equivalence of Tariffs and Quotas”. AER; V.58-#1, pp. 137-146.

 

-R. McCulloch (1973). “When are a Tariff and a Quota Equivalent?”, CJE; V.6-#4, pp. 503-511.

 

-A. Panagariya (1980). “Import Targets and the Equivalence of Optimal Tariff and Quota Structures”. CJE; V.13-#4, pp. 711-715.

 

-T. Ophir (1969). “The Interaction of Tariffs and Quotas”. AER; V.59-#/, pp. 1002-1005.

 

-J.M. Finger (1971). “Protection and Domestic Output”. JIE; V.1-#3, pp. 345-351.

 

-A.Y.C. Koo (1979). “On the Equivalence of Reference Price with Tariffs and Quotas”. AER; V.69-#5, pp. 964-967.

 

-W. Takacs (1978). “The Nonequivalence of Tariffs, Import Quotas, and Voluntary Export Restraints”. JIE; V.8-#?, pp. 565-573.

 

-T. Murray, W. Schmidt and I. Walter (1983). “On the Equivalence of Import Quotas and Voluntary Export Restraint”. JIE; V.14-#?, pp. 191-194.

 

-M. Herander (198?). “The (Non-) Equivalence of Quantitative Restrictions”. JEcStud; V.13-#4, pp. 64-73.

 

-R. Sweeney, E. Tower and T. Willett (1977). “The Ranking of Alternative Tariff and Quota Policies in the Presence of Domestic Monopoly”. JIE; V.7-#?, pp. 349-362.

 

-G. Fishelson and A. Hillman (1979). “Domestic Monopoly and Redundant Tariff Protection”. JIE; V.9-#1, pp. 47-55.

 

-A.L. Hillman, E. Tower and G. Fishelson (1980). “On Water in the Tariff”. CJE; V.13-#2, pp. 310-317.

 

-M.S. Alam (1988). “Domestic Monopoly, Quotas, Two-Way Trade and Tariff Equivalence”; SEJ; V.??-#?, pp. 202-205.

 

-J. Mendez (1987). “More on the Equivalence of Voluntary Export Restraints”. EcLets; V.24-#?, pp. 79-82.

 

-R. Snape (1986). “The Impact on Exporters of Import Restrictions”. in K. Tucker and C.B. Fuller, eds. Firms and Markets. New York: St. Martins, pp. 201-224.

 

-W. Kaempfer, S. Marks and T. Willett (1989). “Why Do Large Countries Prefer Quantitative Trade Restrictions”. KYKLOS; V.41-#4, pp. 625-646.

 

-W. Kaempfer, E. Tower and T. Willett (1989). “Performance Contingent Protection”. E&P; V.1-#3, pp. 261-275.

 

-R. Sahay (1990). “Trade Policy and Excess Capacity in Developing Countries”. IMFSP; V.37-#3, pp. 486-508.

 

-M. Blejer and A.L. Hillman (1982). “On the Dynamic Non-Equivalence of Tariffs and Quotas in a Monetary Model of the Balance of Payments”. JIE; V.13-#?, pp. 163-169.

 

R. Dunn (1991). “Tariffs vs. Quotas over the Business Cycle”. JIEI; V.6-#1, pp. 15-26.

 

b. Economic Effects of Protection with a Domestic Monopolist in GE

 

-E.J. Ray (1975). “The Impact of Monopoly Pricing on the Lerner Symmetry Theorem”. QJE; V.??-#?, pp. 591-602. (Comment by Eaton, et al. QJE, 1983, pp. 529-537).

 

-A. Panagariya (1982). “Tariff Policy under Monopoly in General Equilibrium”. IER; V. 23-#1, pp. 143-156.

 

-A. Panagariya (1981). “Quantitative Restrictions in International Trade under Monopoly”. JIE; V.11-#?, pp. 15-31.

 

c. Optimal Policy with Domestic Market Power

 

-Corden, W.M. (1967), “Monopoly, Tariffs and Subsidies”, Eca. V.34-#1; pp. 50-58.

 

-G. Basevi (1970), “Domestic Demand and the Ability to Export”, JPE. V.78-#2; pp. 330-337.

 

-J. Frenkel (1971). “On Domestic Demand and the Ability to Export”. JPE; V.79-#3, pp. 668-672.

 

-R. Cocks and H.G. Johnson (1972). “A Note on Dumping and Social Welfare”. CJE; V.5-#1, pp. 137-140.

 

-G. Pursell and R. Snape (1973), “Economies of Scale, Price Discrimination and Exporting”, JIE. V.3-#?; pp. 85-92.

 

-R. Snape (1977), “Trade Policy in the Presence of Economies of Scale and Product Variety”, EcRec. V.53-#?; pp. 525-534.

 

-D. Curtis (1983), “Trade Policy to Promote Entry with Scale Economies, Product Variety, and Export Potential”, CJE. V.16-#1; pp. 109-121.

 

-K. Stegemann (1984), “Trade Policy to Promote Entry with Scale Economies: Orthodoxy Restored”, CJE. V.17-#4; pp. 774-777.

 

-J. Dutton (1990). “Targeted Export Subsidies as an Exercise of Monopoly Power”. CJE; V.23-#3, pp. 705-710.

 

-A.A. Auquier and R. Caves (1979), “Monopolistic Export Industries, Trade Taxes, and Optimal Competition Policy”, EJ. V.89-#?; pp. 559-581.

 

-H. Katrak (1980). “Multinational Monopolies and Monopoly Regulation”. OEP; V.32-#3, pp. 453-466.

 

-S. Donnenfeld (1982). “Domestic Regulation and the Preservation of Monopoly Power in Foreign Markets”. SEJ; V.49-#4, pp. 954-965.

 

-I. Dierckx, C. Matutes and D. Neven (1991). “Cost Differences and Survival in Declining Industries: A Case for `Picking Winners`?”. EER; V.35-#?, pp. 1507-1528.

 

-S. Lahiri and Y. Ono (1994). “Industrial Policy and National Welfare in the Presence of Monopoly”. Japan and the World Economy; v.6-#1, pp. 61-73.

 

-N. Blattner (1973), “Domestic Competition and Foreign Trade: The Case of Excess Capacity as a Barrier to Entry”, ZfN; V.33-#?, pp. 403-412 .

 

-L. White (1974), “Industrial Organization and International Trade: Some Theoretical Considerations”, AER. V.64-#6; pp. 1013-1020.

 

d. Analysis of Protection with Free Entry: The Eastman-Stykolt Hypothesis

 

-S. Stykolt and H. Eastman (1960), “A Model for the Study of Protected Oligopolies”, EJ. V.70-#278; pp. 336-347.

 

-H. Eastman and S. Stykolt (1967). The Tariff and Competition in Canada. Toronto: MacMillan.

 

-R.A. Muller (1982). “The Eastman-Stykolt Hypothesis Reconsidered”. CJE; V.15-#?, pp. 757-764.

 

-R.A. Muller and D. Rawana (1990). “Tariff Limit Pricing, Relative Plant Scale, and the Eastman-Stykolt Hypothesis”. CJE; V.23-#2, pp. 323-331.

 

-Y. Tanaka (1992). “Tariffs and Welfare of an Exporting Country in a Free Entry Oligopoly under Integrated Markets”. OEP; V.44-#?, pp. 317-321.

 

B. Trade and Trade Policy with Foreign Market Power

 

-E. Helpman and P, Krugman (1989). “Foreign Market Power”. Chapter 4 of Trade Policy and Market Structure. Cambridge: MIT, pp. 49-81.

 

1. Optimal Response to Foreign Market Power

 

-H. Katrak (1977), “Multi-national Monopolies and Commercial Policies”, OEP. V.29-#2; pp. 283-291.

 

-P. Svedberg (1979). “Optimal Tariff Policy on Imports from Multinationals”. EcRec; V.55-#1, pp. 64-67.

 

-D. de Meza (1979), “Commercial Policy Towards Multinational Monopolies: Reservations on Katrak”, OEP. V.31-#2; pp. 334-337.

 

-A.L. Hillman and J. Templeman (1985). “On the Use of Trade Policy Measures By a Small Country to Counter Foreign Monopoly Power”. OEP; V.37-#?, pp. 346-352.

 

-C. Kowalczyk (1994). “Monopoly and Trade Policy”. JIE; V.36-#1/2, pp. 177-186.

 

-C. Kowalczyk and S. Skeath (1994). “Pareto Ranking Optimal Tariffs under Foreign Monopoly”. EcLets; V.45-#?, pp. 355-359.

 

-T. Itagaki (1989). “Optimal Tariff and Profit Taxes for the Multinational Enterprise”. MS; V.57-#1, pp. 58-74.

 

-M. Webb (1985). “Optimal Commercial Policy with Imperfect Foreign Supply”. AEJ; V.13-#4, pp. 39-42.

 

-J. Brander and B. Spencer (1981), “Tariffs and the Extraction of Foreign Monopoly Rents Under Potential Entry”, CJE. V.14-#3; pp. 371-389.

 

-J. Brander and B. Spencer (1984), “Trade Warfare: Tariffs and Cartels”, JIE. V.16-#?; pp. 227-242.

 

-A. Venables (1986). “Production Subsidies, Import Tariffs, and Imperfectly Competitive Trade”. in D. Greenaway and P. Tharakan, eds. Imperfect Competition and International Trade. Sussex: Wheatsheaf, pp. 68-87.

 

-R. Jones (1987). “Trade Taxes and Subsidies with Imperfect Competition”. EcLets; V.23-#?, pp. 375-379.

 

-R. Jones (1995). “Demand Behavior and Import Policy”. in W. Chang and S. Katayama, eds. Imperfect Competition in International Trade. Boston: Kluwer, pp. 101-108.

 

-R. Jones and S. Takemori (1989). “Foreign Monopoly and Optimal Tariffs for the Small Open Economy”. EER; V.33-#?, pp. 1691-1707.

 

-K. Krishna (1991). “Making Altruism Pay in Auction Quotas”. in E. Helpman and A. Razin, eds. International Trade and Trade Policy. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 46-65.

 

-S.G.B. Cowan (1989). “Trade and Competition Policies for Oligopolies”. WA; V.?-#?, pp. 464-483.

 

-H. Hwang and C.-C. Mai (1991). “Optimum Discriminatory Tariffs under Oligopolistic Competition”. CJE; V.24-#3, pp. 692-702.

 

-D. Collie and M. Hviid (1994). “Tariffs for a Foreign Monopolist under Incomplete Information”. JIE; V.37-#3/4, pp. 249-264.

 

2. Optimal Response to Foreign Market Power: Exhaustible Resources

 

-S. Salant (1976). “Exhaustible Resources and Industrial Structure: A Nash-Cournot Approach to the World Oil Market”. JPE; V.84-#?, pp. 1079-1094.

 

-R. Pindyck (1978). “Gains to Producers from the Cartelization of Exhaustible Resources”. REStat; V.60-#?, pp. 238-251.

 

-A. Ulph and G. Folie (1980). “Exhaustible Resources and Cartels: An Intertemporal Nash-Cournot Model”. CJE; V.13-#?, pp. 645-658.

 

-G. Loury (1986). “A Theory of `Oil’igopoly: Cournot Equilibrium in Exhaustible Resource Markets with Fixed Supplies”. IER; V.27-#?, pp. 285-301.

 

-M. Kemp and N.V. Long (1979). “The Interaction of Resource Rich and Resource Poor Countries”. Australian Economic Papers; V.18-#?, pp. 258-267.

 

-T. Bergstrom, J. Cross and R. Porter (1981). “Efficiency Inducing Taxation for a Monopolistically Supplied Depletable Resource”. JPubE; V.15-#?, pp. 23-32.

 

-T. Bergstrom (1982). “Capturing Oil Rents with a National Excise Tax”. AER; V.72-#?, pp. 194-201.

 

-C. Lawrence and V. Levy (1982). “On Sharing the Gains from International Oil Trade: The Political-Economy of Oil Consuming and Oil Producing Nations”. IER; V.23-#?, pp. 711-722.

 

-J. Brander and S. Djajic (1983). “Rent-Extracting Tariffs and Management of Exhaustible Resources.” CJE; V.16-#?, pp. 288-298.

 

-T. Lee (1983). “Bilateral Trade, Dynamic Bargaining and Non-Renewable Resources”. JIE; V.14-#?, pp. 1-10.

 

-A. Robson (1983). “OPEC versus the West: A Robust Equilibrium”. Journal of Enviromental Economics and Management; V.10-#?, pp. 18-34.

 

-M. Kemp and N.V. Long (1980). Optimal Tariffs and Exhaustible Resources”. in M. Kemp and N.V. Long, eds. Exhaustible Resources, Optimality and Trade. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

 

-D. Newberry (1981). “Oil Prices, Cartels and the Problem of Dynamic Inconsistency”. EJ; V.91-#?, pp. 617-646.

 

-L. Karp (1984). “Optimality and Consistency in a Differential Game with Non-Renewable Resources”. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control; V.8-#?, pp. 73-98.

 

-J. Eaton and Z. Eckstein (1984). “The US Strategic Petroleum Reserve: and Analytic Framework”. in R. Baldwin, ed. The Structure and Evolution of Recent US Trade Policy. Chicago: Chicago University Press/NBER, pp. 237-272.

 

-E. Maskin and D. Newberry (1990). “Disadvantageous Oil Tariffs and Dynamic Consistency”. AER; V.80-#1, pp. 143-156.

 

-L. Karp and D. Newberry (1991). “Optimal Tariffs on Exhaustible Resources”. JIE; V30-#3/4, pp. 285-299.

 

-L. Karp and D. Newberry (1991). “OPEC and the US Oil Import Tariff”. EJ; V.101-#?, pp. 303-313.

 

-L. Karp and D. Newberry (1992). “Dynamically Consistent Oil Import Tariffs”. CJE; V.25-#1, pp. 1-21.

 

3. Dumping

 

a. On Price Discrimination

 

-L. Phlips (1981). The Economics of Price Discrimination. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-J. Tirole (1988). “Price Discrimination”. Chapter 3 In Theory of Industrial Organization. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 133-168.

 

-H. Varian (1989). “Price Discrimination”. In R. Schmalensee and R. Willig, eds. Handbook of Industrial Organization, V.I. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 597-654.

 

-L. Phlips (1995). “Predatory Pricing”. Part IV of Competition Policy: A Game-Theoretic Perspective. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 185-255.

 

-A. Pigou (1920). The Economics of Welfare. London: Macmillan. [Chapter XVII, Appendix III, Section 8.]

 

-J. Robinson (1933). “Price Discrimination”. Book V of The Economics of Imperfect Competition. New York: St. Martins, pp. 179-208.

 

-C. Simkin (1957/8). “Some Aspects and Generalizations of the Theory of Discrimination”. REStud; V.15-#1, pp. 1-13.

 

-S. Enke (1964). “Some Notes on Price Discrimination”. CJEPS; V.30-#1, pp. 95-109.

 

-R. Schmalensee (1981). “Output and Welfare Implications of Monopolistic Third Degree Price Discrimination”. AER; V.71-#1, pp. 242-247.

 

-H. Varian (1985). “Price Discrimination and Social Welfare”. AER; V.75-#4, pp. 870-875.

 

-B. Nahata, K. Ostaszewski, P. Sahoo (1990). “Direction of Price Changes in Third Degree Price Discrimination”. AER; V.80-#5, pp. 1254-1258.

 

-M. Schwartz (1990). “Third Degree Price Discrimination and Output: Generalizing a Welfare Result”. AER; V.80-#5, pp. 1259-1262.

 

-D. Malueg (1993). “Bounding the Effects of Third Degree Price Dispersion”. AER; V.83-#4, pp. 1011-1021.

 

-P. DeGraba (1987). “The Effects of Price Restrictions on Competition Between Local and National Firms”. RAND Journal of Economics; V.18-#3, pp. 333-347.

 

b. The Traditional Analysis: International Price Discrimination

 

-Corden, pp. 235-247.

 

-J. Viner (1923). Dumping: A Problem in International Trade. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

 

-F. Graham (1924). “Review of Viner, Dumping: A Problem in International Trade”. AER; V.14-#2, pp. 321-324.

 

-T.O. Yntema (1928). “The Influence of Dumping on Monopoly Price”. JPE; V.36-#6, pp. 686-698.

 

-G. Haberler (1936). “Dumping Cartels, Monopolies and Export Bounties”. Chapter XVIII in The Theory of International Trade with its Application to Commercial Policy. London: William Hodge and Company, pp. 296-333.

 

-W. Leontief (1940). “The Theory of Limited and Unlimited Discrimination”. QJE; V.54-#3, pp. 490-501.

 

-S. Enke (1946). “Monopolistic Output and International Trade”. QJE; V.60-#2, pp. 233-249.

 

-J. Meade (1955). “The Second Best Argument for Trade Control: (4) Dumping as a Complex Case”. Chapter XV in Trade and Welfare. London: Oxford University Press/RIIA, pp. 244-253. [also Section XV of the Mathematical Supplement.]

 

-R.A. Cocks and H.G. Johnson (1972). “A Note on Dumping and Social Welfare”. CJE; V.5-#1, pp. 137-140.

 

-K. Lofgren (1977). “Dumping, Devaluation and Monopoly Prices: A Generalization of Yntema’s Results”. Revista Internazionale di Scienze Economiche e Commerciali; V.24-#8, pp. 658-677.

 

-W. Wares (1977). The Theory of Dumping and American Commercial Policy. Lexington: D.C. Heath.

 

-W. Rieber (1982), “Discriminating Monopoly and International Trade”, EJ. V.92-#366; pp. 365-376.

 

-S.P. Das and A. Mohanty (1984). “Dumping in International Markets and Welfare: A General Equilibrium Analysis”. JIE; V.17-#1/2, pp. 149-157.

 

-S.P. Das and A. Mohanty (1987). “Welfare of the Dumping Country: A Comprehensive Ranking of Policies”. Journal of Quantitative Economics; V.3-#1, pp. 13-34.

 

-B. Eichengreen and H. van der Ven (1984). “US Antidumping Policies: The Case of Steel”. in R. Baldwin and A. Krueger eds. The Structure and Evolution of Recent US. Trade Policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 67-109.

 

-R. Boltuck (1987). “An Economic Analysis of Dumping”. Journal of World Trade Law; V.21-#5, pp. 45-54.

 

-M. Webb (1987). “Anti-Dumping Laws, Production Location and Prices”. JIE; V.22-#3/4, pp. 363-368.

 

-W. Ethier and R. Fischer (1987). “The New Protectionism”. JIEI; V.2-#2, pp. 1-11.

 

-W. Ethier (1993). “An Andidumping Law with a Distorted Home Market”. in H. Herberg and N.V. Long, eds., Trade, Welfare and Economic Policies. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp. 279-297.

 

-J. Reitzes (1993). “Antidumping Policy”. IER; V.34-#4, pp. 745-763.

 

-D. Malueg and M. Schwartz (1994). “Parallel Imports, Demand Dispersion, and International Price Discrimination”. JIE; V.37-#?, pp. 167-195.

 

-J. Hartigan (1996). “Predatory Dumping”. CJE; V.29-#1, pp. 228-239.

 

-Y. Kong (2003). “Persistent Dumping. Competition, and Welfare”. Journal of International Trade and Economic Development; V.12-#1, pp. 19-37.

 

-H.W. de Jonge (1968). “The Significance of Dumping in International Trade”. Journal of World Trade Law; V.2-#?, pp.

 

-I. Kravis and R. Lipsey (1977). “Export Prices and the Transmission of Inflation”. AER; V.67-#2, pp. 148-163.

 

c. Dumping with Market Uncertainty and Adjustment Costs

 

-W. Ethier (1982). “Dumping”. JPE; V.90-#3, pp. 487-506.

 

-S. Davies and A. McGuinness (1982). “Dumping at Less than Marginal Cost”. JIE; V.12-#1/2, pp. 169-182.

 

-E. Katz, J. Paroush and N. Kahana (1982). “Price Uncertainty and the Price Discriminating Firm in International Trade”. IER; V.23-#2, pp. 389-400.

 

-R. Blair and L. Cheng (1984). “On Dumping”. SEJ; V.50-#3, pp. 857-865.

 

-D. Bernhardt (1984). “Dumping, Adjustment Costs and Uncertainty”. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control; V.8-3, pp. 349-370.

 

-A. Hillman and E. Katz (1986). “Domestic Uncertainty and Foreign Dumping”. CJE; V.19-#3, pp. 403-416.

 

-S. Lahiri and J. Sheen (1990). “On Optimal Dumping”. EJ; V.100-#400, pp. 127-136.

 

-S. Das (1992). “Market Uncertainties and Cyclical Dumping”. EER; V.36-#1, pp. 71-82.

 

-R. Clarida (1993). “Entry, Dumping and Shakeout”. AER; V.83-#1, pp. 180-202.

 

-R. Eldor and I. Zilcha (1987). “Discriminating Monopoly, Forward Markets and International Trade”. IER; V.28-#2, pp. 459-468.

 

-J. Eaton and L. Mirman (1991). “Predatory Dumping as Signal Jamming”. in A. Takayama, et al. eds. Trade, Policy, and International Adjustments. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 60-76.

 

-J. Hartigan (1993). “Dumping and Signalling”. JEBO; V.23-#1, pp. 1-22.

 

-D. Tarr (1979). “Cyclical Dumping: The Case of Steel Products”. JIE; V.9-#?, pp. 57-63.

 

-P. Aspe and F. Giavazzi (1982). “The Short Run Behavior of Prices and Output in the Exportables Sector”. JIE; V.12-#?, pp. 83-93.

 

-R. Brannlund and K.-G. Lofgren (1995). “Cyclical Dumping and Correlated Business Cycles in Imperfect Markets: Empirical Applications to the Canadian Pulp and Paper Industry”. Applied Economics; V.27-#11, pp. 1081-1091.

 

-S. Gil-Pareja (2002). “Export Price Discrimination in Europe and Exchange Rates”. RIE; V.10-#2, pp. 299-312.

 

C. Trade and Trade Policy under Oligopolistic Competition

 

1. Production Structure and Trade under Oligopolistic Competition

 

-J. Markusen (1981). “Trade and the Gains from Trade with Imperfect Competition”. JIE; V.11-#?, pp. 531-551.

 

-J. Brander (1981). “Intra-Industry Trade in Identical Commodities”. JIE; V.11-#?, pp. 1-14.

 

-J. Brander and P. Krugman (1983). “A ‘Reciprocal Dumping’ Model of International Trade”. JIE; V.15-#?, pp. 313-321.

 

-E. Helpman and P. Krugman (1985). “Oligopoly”. Chapter 5 of Market Structure and Foreign Trade: Increasing Returns, Imperfect Competition and the International Economy. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 86-111.

 

-H. Hwang (1984). “Intra-industry Trade and Oligopoly: A Conjectural Variation Approach”. CJE; V.17-#1, pp. 126-137.

 

-D. Weinstein (1992). “Competition and Unilateral Dumping”. JIE; V.32-#3/4, pp. 379-388.

 

-D. Collie (1992). “International Trade and Cournot Equilibrium: Existence, Uniqueness and Comparative Statics”. Bulletin of Economic Research; V.44-#1, pp. 55-66.

 

-Y. Uekawa and H. Ohta (1993). “Imperfect Competition and the Existence of the General Equilibrium Solution under Intraindustry Trade”. in H. Herberg and N.V. Long, eds., Trade, Welfare and Economic Policies. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp. 255-265,

 

-S. Lahiri and Y. Ono (1995). “The Role of Free Entry in an Oligopolistic Heckscher-Ohlin Model”. IER; V.36-#3, pp. 609-624.

 

-M. Kemp and M. Okawa (1995). “The Gains from Free Trade Under Imperfect Competition”. in W. Chang and S. Katayama, eds. Imperfect Competition in International Trade. Boston: Kluwer, pp. 53-62.

 

-M. Kemp and M. Okawa (1995). “The Gains from International Trade: A Conjectural Variations Approach”. In M. Kemp, The Gains from Trade and the Gains from Aid. London: Routledge, pp. 242-252.

 

-M. Tawada and M. Okawa (1995). “On the Behavior of Monopoly in General Equilibrium Trade Models”. in W. Chang and S. Katayama, eds. Imperfect Competition in International Trade. Boston: Kluwer, pp. 63-78.

 

-M. Kemp and M. Okawa (1995). “The International Diffusion of the Fruits of Technical Progress under Imperfect Competition”. in W. Chang and S. Katayama, eds. Imperfect Competition in International Trade. Boston: Kluwer, pp. 79-98.

 

-M. Kemp and M. Okawa (1997). “Factor Price Equalization under Imperfect Competition”. RIE; V.5-#2, pp. 153-178.

 

-M. Kemp and M. Okawa (1998). “Market Structure and Factor Price Equalization”. Japanese Economic Review; V.49-#3, pp. 335-339.

 

-K. Shimomura (1998). “Factor Income Function and an Oligopolistic Heckscher-Ohlin Model of International Trade”. EcLets; V.61-#?, pp. 91-100.

 

Tracy Murray, Nurlan Turdaliev (1999). “Universal Dumping of Homogeneous Products”. RIE; V.7-#4, pp. 580-589.

 

-K. Okuguchi (1989). “The Bertrand and Cournot Equilibria for International Duopoly with Multimarkets”. IEJ; V.3-#4, pp. 61-68.

 

-S. Anderson and R. Fischer (1989). “Multi-Market Oligopoly with Production Before Sales”. Journal of Industrial Economics; V.38-#2, pp. 167-182.

 

-S. Ben-Zvi and E. Helpman (1992). “Oligopoly in Segmented Markets”. in G. Grossman, ed. Imperfect Competition and International Trade. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 31-53.

 

-A. Venables (1990). “International Capacity Choice and National Market Games”. JIE; V.29-#1/2, pp. 23-42.

 

-B. Pinto (1986). “Repeated Games and the ‘Reciprocal Dumping’ Model of Trade”. JIE; V.20-#?, pp. 357-366.

 

-K.C. Fung (1991). “Collusive Intra-Industry Trade”. CJE; V.24-#2, pp. 391-404.

 

-F. Dei (1990). “A Note on Multinational Corporations in a Model of Reciprocal Dumping”. JIE; V.29-#1/2, pp. 161-171.

 

-D. Neven, G. Norman and J.F. Thisse (1991). “Attitudes Toward Foreign Products and International Price Competition”. CJE; V.24-#1, pp. 1-11.

 

-J. Eaton and M. Engers (1990). “Intertemporal Price Competition”. Etrica; V.58-#?, pp. 637-659.

 

-M. Baye and C. de Vries (1992). “Mixed Strategy Trade Equilibrium”. CJE; V.25-#?, pp. 281-293.

 

-E. Fisher and C. Wilson (1995). “Price Competition between Two International Firms Facing Tariffs”. IJIO; V.13-#1, pp. 67-87.

 

-D.O. Stahl (1988). “Price-Setting Merchants in a Simple Trade Model”. JIE; V.24-#?, pp. 197-216.

 

-T. Cordella and J. Gabszewicz (1997). “Comparative Advantage under Oligopoly”. JIE; V.43-#3/4, pp. 333-346.

 

-Bernhofen, D. (1998). “Intra-industry Trade and Strategic Interaction: Theory and Evidence”. JIE; V.45-#1, pp. 77-96.

 

-D. Bernhofen and Z. Hafeez (2001). “Oligopolistic Competition and Intra-Industry Trade: Evidence from the OECD”. Australian Economic Papers; V.?-#1, pp. 77-90.

 

2. Trade Policy with Strategic Oligopolists

 

a. Surveys/Overviews

 

-E. Helpman and P, Krugman (1989). “Strategic Export Policy”. Chapter 5 of Trade Policy and Market Structure. Cambridge: MIT, pp. 83-115.

 

-G. Grossman and J.D. Richardson (1985). “Strategic Trade Policy: A Survey of the Issues”. Princeton Special Papers in International Economics; #15.

 

-A. Dixit (1987). “Strategic Aspects of Trade Policy”. in T. Bewley, ed. Advances in Economic Theory. Cambridge: CUP; pp. 329-362.

 

-R. Baldwin (1988). “Evaluating Strategic Trade Policies”. Aussenwirtschaft; V.43-#1/2, pp. 207-230.

 

-G. Grossman (1990). “Promoting New Industrial Activities: A Survey of Recent Arguments and Evidence”. OECD Economic Studies; #14, pp. 87-125.

 

-K. Krishna and M. Thursby (1990). “Trade Policy with Imperfect Competition: A Selective Survey”. in C. Carter, A. McCalla, and J. Sharples, eds. Imperfect Competition and Political Economy: The New Trade Theory in Agricultural Trade Research. Boulder: Westview, pp. 9-35

 

-R. Pomfret (1992). “International Trade Policy with Imperfect Competition”. Princeton Special Papers in International Economics, # 17.

 

-D. Laussel and C. Montet (1994). “Strategic Trade Policies”. in D. Greenaway and L.A. Winters, eds. Surveys in International Trade. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 177-205..

 

-J. Brander (1995). “Strategic Trade Policy”. in G. Grossman and K. Rogoff, eds. Handbook of International Economics, V.III. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 1395-1455.

 

-E. Grinols (1987). “Strategic and Non-Competitive Trade Interventions”. EcLets; V.24-#?, pp. 73-77.

 

-P. Neary (1988). “Export Subsidies and National Welfare”. Empirica-Austrian Economic Papers; V.15-#?, pp. 243-261.

 

b. The Basic Brander-Spencer Model

 

(1) Optimal Policy for the Exporting Government

 

-J. Brander and B. Spencer (1985), “Export Subsidies and International Market Share Rivalry”, JIE. V.18-#?; pp. 83-100.

 

-D. Collie and D. deMeza (1986). “Inadequacies of the Strategic Rationale of Export Subsidies”. EcLets; V.22-#?, pp. 369-373.

 

-D. de Meza (1986), “Export Subsidies and High Productivity: Cause or Effect”, CJE. V.19-#2; pp. 347-350.

 

-C.C. Mai and H. Hwang (1988). “Optimal Export Subsidies and Marginal Cost Differentials”. EcLets; V.27-#?, pp. 279-282.

 

-Y. Tanaka (1987). “Industrial Structure and Export Subsidy as Trade Policies in an Oligopoly with a U-Shaped Average Cost Curve”. EcLets; V.24-#?, pp. 177-180.

 

-M. Keen and S. Lahiri (1993). “Domestic Tax Reform and International Oligopoly”. JPubE; V.51-#1, pp. 55-74

 

-P. Neary (1994). “Cost Asymmetries in Internaitonal Subsidy Games: Should Governments Help Winners or Losers?”. JIE; V.37-#3/4, pp. 197-218.

 

-S. Bandyopadhyay (1997). “Demand Elasticities, Asymmetry and Strategic Trade Policy”. JIE; V.42-#1/2, pp. 167-177.

 

-D. Collie (1993). “Profit-Shifting Export Subsidies and the Sustainability of Free Trade”. Scottish Journal of Political Economy; V.40-#4, pp. 408-419.

 

-M. Moore and S. Suranovic (1993). “Lobbying and Cournot-Nash Competition: Implications for Strategic Trade Policy”. JIE; V.35-#3/4, pp. 367-376.

 

(2) Optimal Policy for Importing Governments

 

-C.C. Mai and H. Hwang (1987), “Domestic Export Subsidy and Foreign Welfare”, EcLets. V.23-#?, pp. 185-188.

 

-K. Gatsios (1990). “Preferential Tariffs and the `Most Favored Nation’ Principle: A Note”. JIE; V.28-#3/4, pp. 365-373.

 

-H. Hwang and C.C. Mai (1991). “Optimum Discriminatory Tariffs under Oligopolistic Competition”. CJE; V.24-#3, pp. 693-702.

 

-H. Okamoto and C. Yoshida (1994). “Cournot Competition, Intra-Industry Trade, and Nonconstancy of Marginal Costs: A Three Country Case”. ZfN; V.60-#2, pp. 155-176.

 

-J.P. Choi (1995). “Optimal Tariffs and the Choice of Technology: Discriminatory Tariffs vs. The ‘Most Favored Nation’ Clause”. JIE; V.38-#1/2, pp. 143-160.

 

c. Cournot Competition without Entry in Segmented Markets

 

-J. Brander and B. Spencer (1984). “Tariff Protection and Imperfect Competition”. in H. Kierzkowski, ed. Monopolistic Competition and International Trade. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 194-206.

 

-D. Collie (1991). “Optimum Welfare and Maximum Revenue Tariffs under Oligopoly”. Scottish Journal of Economics; V.38-#4, pp. 398-401.

 

-A. Dixit (1984), “International Trade Policy for Oligopolistic Industries”, EJ, V.94-supplement, pp. 1-16.

 

-A. Venables (1986). “Production Subsidies, Import Tariffs, and Imperfectly Competitive Trade”. in D. Greenaway and P.K.M. Tharakan, eds. Imperfect Competition and International Trade: The Policy Aspects of Intra-Industry Trade. Brighton: Wheatsheaf, pp. 68-87.

 

-K.C. Fung (1988). “Strategic Trade Policies, Differentiated Duopoly and Intra-Industry Trade”. IEJ; V.2-#3, pp. 19-34.

 

-S. Lee (1990). “International Equity Markets and Trade Policy”. JIE; V.29-#1/2, pp. 173-184.

 

-A.R. Dick (1993). “Strategic Trade Policy and Welfare: the Empirical Consequences of Cross-Ownership”. JIE; V.35-#3/4, pp. 227-249..

 

-P. Welzel (1995). “Strategic Trade Policy with Internationally Owned Firms”. Bulletin of Economic Research; V.47-#?, pp. 221-232.

 

-K. Konrad and K. Lemmerud (2001). “Foreign Direct Investment, Intra-Firm Trade, and Ownership Structure”. EER; V.45-#?, pp. 475-494.

 

-S. Huck and K. Konrad (2003). “Strategic Trade Policy and Home Bias in Ownership Structure”. Japan and the World Economy; V.15-#3, pp. 299-305.

 

-A. Anis and T. Ross (1992). “Imperfect Competition and Pareto-Improving Strategic Trade Policy”. JIE; V.33-#3/4, pp. 363-371.

 

-D. Collie (1993). “Strategic Trade Policy under Asymmetric Oligopoly”. EJPE; V.9-#?, pp. 275-280.

 

-N.V. Long and A. Soubeyran (1997). “Cost Heterogeneity, Industry Concentration and Strategic Trade Policies”. JIE; V.43-#1/2, pp. 207-220.

 

-Y. Uekawa (1993). “Tariff Protection with Imperfect Competition and Existence of the General Equilibrium Solution with Intraindustry Trade”. in R. Becker, M. Boldrin, R. Jones and W. Thomson, eds. General Equilibrium, Growth, and Trade II. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 541-554.

 

-Y. Uekawa (1994). “Imperfect Competition, Intra-Industry Trade and Trade Policy”. Economic Studies Quarterly; V.45-#1, pp. 1-13. [also in in W. Chang and S. Katayama, eds. Imperfect Competition in International Trade. Boston: Kluwer, pp. 159-173.]

 

-P. Krugman (1984), “Import Protection as Export Promotion: International Competition in the Presence of Oligopoly and Economies of Scale”, in Kierzkowski, ed., Monopolistic Competition and International Trade. Oxford: Oxford University Press; pp. 180-193.

 

-A. Dick (1994). “Does Import Protection Act as Export Promotion?: Evidence from the US”. OEP; V.46-#1, pp. 83-101.

 

-K. Okuguchi (1993). “Trade Policy for International Duopoly with Product Differentiation”. in H. Herberg and N.V. Long, eds., Trade, Welfare and Economic Policies. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp. 267-278.

 

-H. Horn and O. Shy (1996). “Bundling and International Market Segmentation”. IER; V.37-#1, pp. 51-69.

 

-K. Bagwell and R. Staiger (1997). “Strategic Export Subsidies and Reciprocal Trade Agreements: The Natural Monopoly Case”. Japan and the World Economy; V.9-#4, pp. 491-510.

 

-L. Corchon and M. Gonzalez–Maestre (2001). “Second-best Trade Policies in Cournot Oligopoly”. Spanish Economic Review; V.3-#2, pp. 81-96.

 

-K. Okuguchi (2001). “International Competition in one Country: Comparative Static Analysis”. Pacific Economic Review; V.6-#1, pp. 25-35.

 

d. Cournot Competition: The Effects of Firm Entry and Market Segmentation

 

-A. Venables (1985), “Trade and Trade Policy with Imperfect Competition: The Case of Identical Products and Free Entry”, JIE. V.19-#?; pp. 1-19.

 

-I.J. Horstmann and J.R. Markusen (1986). “Up the Average Cost Curve: Inefficient Entry and the New Protectionism”. JIE; V.20-#?, pp. 225-247.

 

-J. Markusen and A. Venables (1988). “Trade Policy with Increasing Returns and Imperfect Competition: Contradictory Results from Competing Assumptions”. JIE; V.24-#?, pp. 299-316.

 

-Y. Tanaka (1991). “Negotiated Tariffs in Free Entry Oligopoly under Integrated Markets”. Open Economies Review; V.2-#?, pp. 53-69.

 

-Y. Tanaka (1992). “Welfare Effects of Tariffs in Free Entry Oligopoly under Integrated Markets”. Economic Studies Quarterly; V.43-#3, pp. 210

 

-T. Cordella (1993). “Trade Liberalization and Oligopolistic Industries: A Welfare Appraisal”. Recherches Economiques de Louvain; V.59-#3, pp. 355-363.

 

-D. Collie (1996). “Gains and Losses from Unilateral Free Trade under Oligopoly”. Recherches Economiques de Louvain; V.62-#2, pp. 191-202.

 

-T. Cordella (1996). “On the Possibility of a Perverse Effect of Intra-industry Trade”. Recherches Economiques de Louvain; V.62-#2, pp. 129-138.

 

-A. Venables (1994). “Tariffs and Subsidies with Price Competition and Integrated Markets: The Mixed Strategy Equilibria”. OEP; V.46-#1, pp. 30-44.

 

-S. Lahiri and Y. Ono (1995). “Elimination of Firm and Welfare under Oligopoly”. in W. Chang and S. Katayama, eds. Imperfect Competition in International Trade. Boston: Kluwer, pp. 109-120.

 

-C. Schulman (1997). “Free Entry, Quasi-Free Trade, and Strategic Export Policy”. RIE; V.5-#1, pp. 83-100.

 

e. Multiple Strategic Sectors and Resource Constraints

 

-A. Dixit and G. Grossman (1986). “Targeted Export Promotion With Several Oligpolistic Industries”, JIE. V.21-#?; pp. 233-249.

 

-G. Myles (1991). “Tariff Policy and Imperfect Competition”. MS; V.59-#1, pp. 24-44.

 

f. Cournot Competition under Uncertainty

 

-T. Nakao (1989). “Export Subsidy and Antitrust Policies in Oligopoly with and without Threat of Entry”. ZfN; V.50-#3, pp. 269-295.

 

-R. Cooper and R. Riezman (1989). “Uncertainty and the Choice of Trade Policy in Oligopolistic Industries”. REStud; V.56-#?, pp. 129-140.

 

-L. Arvan (1991). “Flexibility versus Commitment in Strategic Trade Policy under Uncertainty: A Model of Endogenous Policy Leadership”. JIE; V.31-#3/4, pp. 341-355.

 

-H.S. Hwang and C. Schulman (1993). “Strategic Non-Intervention and the Choice of Trade Policy for International Oligopoly”. JIE; V.34-#1/2, pp. 73-93.

 

-R. Shivakumar (1993). “Strategic Trade Policy: Choosing Between Export Subsidies and Export Quotas under Uncertainty”. JIE; V.35-#1/2, pp. 169-183.

 

-D. Collie and M. Hviid (1993). “Export Subsidies as Signals of Competitiveness”. ScanJE; V.95-#3, pp. 327-339.

 

-L. Qiu (1995). “Strategic Trade Policy under Uncertainty”. RIE; V.3-#1, pp. 75-85.

 

-R. Shivakumar (1995). “Strategic Export Promotion and Import Protection in a Multi-Stage Game”. CJE; V.28-#3, pp. 586-602.

 

D. Collie and M. Hviid (1999). “Tariffs as Signals of Uncompetitiveness”. RIE; V.7-#4, pp. 571-579.

 

-B. Spencer and J. Brander (1992). “Pre-commitment and Flexibility: Applications to Oligopoly Theory”. EER; V.36-#?, pp. 1601-1626.

 

-L. Karp and J. Perloff (1993). “Industrial Policy as an Alternative to Trade Policy: Helping by Hurting”. RIE; V.1-#3, pp. 253-262.

 

-D. Kovolev and T. Prusa (1999). “Tariff Policy for a Monopolist in a Signalling Game”. JIE; V.49-#1, pp. 51-76.

 

-T. Furusawa, K. Higashida and J. Ishikawa (2003). “What Information is Needed for Welfare-Enhancing Policies under Oligopoly”. Japan and the World Economy; V.15-#1, pp. 31-46.

 

g. Asymmetric Information and Incentive-Compatible Strategic Trade Policy

 

-L. Qiu (1994). “Optimal Strategic Trade Policy under Asymmetric Information”. JIE; V.36-#3/4, pp. 333-354.

 

-Y. Okajima (2003). “A Note on ‘Optimal Strategic Trade Policy under Asymmetric Information’”. JIE; V.61-#1, pp. 243-246. [Reply by Qiu, pp. 247-248.]

 

-E. Dinopoulos, T. Lewis and D. Sappington (1995). “Optimal Industrial Targeting with Unknown Learning-by-Doing”. JIE; V.38-#3/4, pp. 275-295.

 

-S.L. Brainard and D. Martimort (1996). “Strategic Trade Policy Design with Asymmetric Information and Public Contracts”. REStud; V.63-#1, pp. 81-105.

 

-G. Maggi (1998). “A Note on ‘Strategic Trade Policy Design with Asymmetric Information and Public Contracts’”. Review of Economic Studies; V.65-#3, pp. 623-625. [further analysis by Brainard and Martimort follows, pp. 627-630.]

 

-S.L. Brainard and D. Martimort (1997). “Strategic Trade Policy with Incompletely Informed Policymakers”. JIE; V.42-#1/2, pp. 33-65.

 

-R. Moner-Colonques (1998). “Cost Uncertainty and Trade Liberalization in International Oligopoly”. JIE; V.45-#2, pp. 369-376.

 

-G. Maggi (1999). “Strategic Trade Policy under Incomplete Information”. IER; V.40-#3, pp. 571-594.

 

-X. Matschke (2003). “Tariff and Quota Equivalence in the Presence of Asymmetric Information”. JIE; V.61-#1, pp. 209-223.

 

h. Strategic Trade Policy with Profit-Sharing/Labor-Managed Firms

 

-C.C. Mai and H. Hwang (1989). “Export Subsidies and Oligopolistic Rivalry Between Labor-Managed and Capitalist Economies”. Journal of Comparative Economics; V.13-#?, pp. 473-480.

 

-K. Okuguchi (1991). “Labor Managed and Capitalistic Firms in International Duopoly: The Effects of Export Subsidy”. Journal of Comparative Economics; V.15-#?, pp. 476-484.

 

-K.C. Fung (1989). “Unemployment, Profit-Sharing and Japan’s Economic Success”. EER; V.33-#?, pp. 783-796.

 

-Y. Tanaka (1994). “Profit-Sharing and Welfare in an Export Subsidy Game”. EcLets; V.4-#?, pp. 349-353.

 

-K.C. Fung (1995). “Rent-shifting and Rent-sharing: A Re-Examination of the Strategic Industrial Policy Problem”. CJE; V.28-#2, pp. 450-462.

 

-M. Tawada and S. Yabuuchi (1997). “Trade and Gains from Trade between Profit-Maximizing and Labour-Managed Countries with Imperfect Competition”. Japanese Economic Review; V.48-#2, pp. 226-238.

 

-K. Matsuyama (1990). “Export Subsidies as an Outcome of the Management-Labor Conspiracy”. QJE; V.?-#?, pp. 803-813.

 

i. Optimal Response to Strategic Trade Policy with Cournot Competition

 

-A. Dixit (1987). “How Should the US Respond to Other Countries’ Trade Policies”. in R. Stern, ed. US Trade Policies in a Changing World Economy; Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 245-282.

 

-A. Dixit (1988). “Anti-Dumping and Countervailing Duties Under Oligopoly”. EER; V.32-#?, pp. 55-68. (Comment by Collie, in EER, 1991, V.35: 1185-1187)

 

-B. Spencer (1988). “Countervailing Duty Laws and Subsidies to Imperfectly Competitive Industries”. in Baldwin, et al., eds. Issues in US-EC Trade Relations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER; pp. 313-334.

 

-B. Spencer (1988). “Capital Subsidies and Countervailing Duties in Oligopolistic Industries”. JIE; V.25-#?, pp. 45-69.

 

-M. Gasiorek, A. Smith and A. Venables (1989). “Tariffs, Subsidies and Retaliation”. EER; V.33-#?, pp. 480-489.

 

-D. Collie (1991). “Export Subsidies and Countervailing Tariffs”. JIE; V.31-#3/4, pp. 309-324.

 

-D. Collie (1992). “Export Subsidies, Entry Deterrence and Countervailing Tariffs”. MS; V.60-#2, pp. 136-151.

 

-D. Collie (1994). “Strategic Trade Policy and Retaliation”. Japan and the World Economy; v.6-#1, pp. 75-88.

 

-D. Collie (1994). “Endogenous Timing in Trade Policy Games: Should Governments Use Countervailing Duties?”. WA, V.130-#1, pp. 191-209.

 

-M. Webb (1992). “The Ambiguous Consequences of Anti-Dumping Laws”. EcInq; V.30-#?, pp. 437-448.

 

-L. Qiu (1995). “Why Can’t Countervailing Duties Deter Export Subsidization?”. JIE; V.39-#3/4, pp. 249-272.

 

-S. Anderson, N. Schmitt, and J.-J. Thisse (1995). “Who Benefits from Antidumping Legislation?”. JIE; V.38-$3/4, pp. 321-337.

 

j. Variations in the Strategic Variable and Conjectural Variations

 

(1) Conjectural Variation Analysis

 

-A. Dixit and N. Stern (1982). “Oligopoly and Welfare: A Unified Presentation with Applications to Trade and Development”. EER; V.19-#?, pp. 121-143.

 

-J. Ordover and R. Willig (1986). “Perspectives on Mergers and World Competition”. in R. Grieson, ed. Antitrust and Regulations. Lexington: D.C. Heath; pp. 201-218.

 

-J. Eaton and G. Grossman (1986), “Optimal Trade and Industrial Policy Under Oligopoly”, QJE. V.110-#?; pp. 383-406.

 

-L. Cheng (1988), “Assisting Domestic Industries under International Oligopoly: The Relevance of the Nature of Competition to Optimal Policies”. AER. V.78-#4; pp. 746-758.

 

-S. Anderson, M.P. Donsimoni and J.J. Gabszewicz (1989). “Is International Trade Profitable to Oligopolistic Industries”. IER; V.30-#4, pp. 725-733.

 

-Y. Tanaka (1991). “On the Consistent Conjectures Equilibrium of Export Subsidy Game”. Bulletin of Economic Research; V.43-#3, pp. 259-271.

 

-K. Krishna and M. Thursby (1991). “Optimal Policies with Strategic Distortions”. JIE; V.31-#3/4, pp. 291-308.

 

(2) Non-CV Analysis

 

-J. Bulow, J. Genakopolos and P. Klemperer (1985). “Multimarket Oligopoly: Strategic Substitutes and Complements”. JPE; V.93-#?, pp. 488-511.

 

-A. Venables (1994). “Tariffs and Subsidies with Price Competition and Integrated Markets: The Mixed Strategy Equilibria”. OEP; V.46-#1, pp. 30-44.

 

-T.J. Klette (1994). “Strategic Trade Policy for Exporting Industries: General Results in the Oligopolistic Case”. OEP; V.46-#?, pp. 296-310.

 

-D. Laussel (1992). “Strategic Commercial Policy Revisited: A Supply-Function Equilibrium Model”. AER; V.82-#1, pp. 84-99.

 

(3) Capacity Choice in a Multistage Oligopoly Model

 

-J.-H. Kim (1988). “The Effects of Export Subsidies on Entry Barriers and Investment”. IEJ; V.2-#4, pp. 73-93.

 

-A. Venables (1990). “International Capacity Choice and National Market Games”. JIE; V.29-#1/2, pp. 23-42.

 

-S. Ben-Zvi and E. Helpman (1992). “Oligopoly in Segmented Markets”. in G. Grossman, ed. Imperfect Competition and International Trade. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 31-53.

 

-D. deMeza (1989). “Not Even Strategic Trade Theory Justifies Export Subsidies”. OEP; V.41-#?, pp. 720-736.

 

-T. To (1994). “Export Subsidies and Oligopoly with Switching Costs”. JIE; V.37-#1/2, pp. 97-110.

 

-R. Staiger and F. Wolak (1992). “Collusive Pricing with Capacity Constraints in the Presence of Demand Uncertainty”. RandJE; V.23-#2, pp. 203-220.

 

-G. Maggi (1996). “Strategic Trade Policies with Endogenous Mode of Competition”. AER; V.86-#1, pp. 237-258.

 

-R.J. Deneckere, K. Kovenock and Y.Y. Sohn (2000). “Quotas and Tariffs with Endogenous Conduct”. In M. Baye, ed. Industrial Organization (Advances in Applied Microeconomics, #9). Amsterdam: North Holland.

 

k. Dynamic Models of Inter-Firm Competition

 

-R. Driskill and S. McCafferty (1989). “Dynamic Duopoly with Output Adjustment Costs in International Markets: Taking the Conjecture Out of Conjectural Variations”. in R. Feenstra, ed. Trade Policies for International Competitiveness. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 125-143.

 

-E. Dockner and A. Haug (1990). “Tariffs and Quotas under Dynamic Duopolistic Competition”. JIE; V.29-#1/2, pp. 147-159.

 

-Y. Tanaka (1994). “Export Subsidies under Dynamic Duopoly”. EER; V.38-#?, pp. 1139-1151.

 

-U. Patel (1994). “Optimal Policies in a Dynamic Oligopoly Model of International Trade”. EcLets; V.45-#?, pp. 207-212.

 

-L. Karp and J. Perloff (1995). “Why industrial Policies Fail: Limited Commitment”. IER; V.36-#4, pp. 887-905.

 

-R. Driskill and A. Horowitz (1996). “Durability and Strategic Trade: Are there Rents to be Captured?”. JIE; V.41-#1/2, pp. 179-194.

 

--R. Driskill and S. McCafferty (1989). “Dynamic Duopoly with Adjustment Costs: A Differential Game Approach”. JET; V.69-#?, pp. 324-338.

 

-S. Tsutsui and K. Mino (1990). “Nonlinear Strategies in Dynamic Duopolistic Competition with Sticky Prices”. JET; V.52-#?, pp. 136-161.

 

-E. Dockner (1992). “A Dynamic Theory of Conjectural Variations”. Journal of Industrial Economics; V.40-#?, pp. 377-393.

 

l. Reactive Models of Strategic Trade Policy: Firms Move Before States

 

-C. Carmichael (1987), “The Control of Export Credit Subsidies and Its Welfare Consequences”, JIE. V.23-#?; pp. 1-19.

 

-C. Carmichael (1991). “The Interdependence of Firm and Government Behavior: Boeing and Eximbank”. Applied Economics; V.23-#?, pp. 107-112.

 

-H. Gruenspecht (1988), “Export Subsidies for Differentiated Products”, JIE. V.24-#?; pp. 331-344.

 

-P. Neary (1991). “Export Subsidies and Price Competition”. in E. Helpman and A. Razin, eds. International Trade and Trade Policy. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 80-95.

 

-S.L. Brainard (1994). “Last One Out Wins: Trade Policy in an International Exit Game”. IER; V.35-#1, pp. 151-172.

 

-P.K. Goldberg (1995). “Strategic Export Promotion in the Absence of Government Precommitment”. IER; V.36-#2, pp. 407-426.

 

-L. Karp and J. Perloff (1995). “The Failure of Strategic Industrial Policies Due to Manipulation by Firms”. International Review of Economics and Finance; V.4-#1, pp. 1-16.

 

-S. Ishizawa (1995). “Tariff Protection, Imperfect Competition, and Time Consistency”. in W. Chang and S. Katayama, eds. Imperfect Competition in International Trade. Boston: Kluwer, pp. 143-158.

 

-D. Leahy and J.P. Neary (1994). “Time Consistency, Learning by Doing, and Infant-Industry Protection: The Linear Case”. Economic and Social Review; V.26-#?, pp. 59-68.

 

-D. Leahy and J.P. Neary (1996). “International R&D Rivalry and Industrial Strategy without Government Commitment”. RIE; V.4-#3, pp. 322-338.

 

-D. Leahy and J.P. Neary (1999). “Learning by Doing, Precommitment and Infant-Industry Protection”. REStud; V.66-#2, pp. 447-474.

 

3. International R&D Rivalry and Trade Policy

 

-E. Ames and N. Rosenberg (1963). “Changing Technological Leadership and Industrial Growth”. EJ; V.??-#/, pp. 13-31.

 

-B. Spencer and J. Brander (1983). “International R&D Rivalry and Industrial Strategy”. REStud; V.50-#?, pp. 707-722.

 

-L. Cheng (1984). “International Competition in R&D and Technological Leadership”. JIE; V.17-#?, pp. 15-40.

 

-L. Cheng (1987). “Optimal Trade and Technology Policies: Dynamic Linkages”. IER; V.28-#3, pp. 757-776.

 

-A. Dixit (1988). “International R&D Competition and Policy”. in A.M. Spence and H.A. Hazard, eds. International Competitiveness. Cambridge: Ballinger, pp. 149-171.

 

-B. Lyons (1987). “International Trade and Technology Policy”. in P. Dasgupta and P. Stoneman, eds. Economic Policy and Technological Policy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press/CEPR; pp. 169-205.

 

-J. Beath, Y. Katsoulacos and D. Ulph (1989). “Strategic R&D Policy”. EJ; V.99-#? (Conference supplement), pp. 74-83.

 

-G. Clemenz (1990). “International R&D Competition and Trade Policy”. JIE; V.28-#1/2, pp. 93-113.

 

-D. Ulph (1991). “Technology Policy in the Completed European Market”. in L.A. Winters and A. Venables, eds. European Integration: Trade and Industry. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 142-161.

 

-J. Reitzes (1991). “The Impact of Quotas and Tariffs on Strategic R&D Behavior”. IER; V.32-#4, pp. 985-1007.

 

-K. Bagwell and R. Staiger (1992). “The Sensitivity of Strategic and Corrective R&D Policy in Battles for Monopoly”. IER; V.33-#4, pp. 795-816.

 

-K. Bagwell and R. Staiger (1994). “The Sensitivity of Strategic and Corrective R&D Policy in Oligopolistic Industries”. JIE; V.36-#1/2, pp. 133-150.

 

-K. Miyagiwa and Y. Ohno (1997). “Strategic R&D Policy and Appropriability”. JIE; V.42-#1/2, pp. 125-148.

 

-D. Ulph and L.A. Winters (1994). “Strategic Manpower Policy and International Trade”. in P. Krugman and A. Smith, eds. Empirical Studies of Strategic Trade Policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 157-194.

 

-B. Apostolakis (1993). “A Theoretical Exposition of Export and R&D Subsidies”. Rivista Internazionale di Scienze Economiche e Commerciali; V.40-#5, pp. 385-395.

 

-K. Miyagiwa and Y. Ohno (1995). “Closing the Technology Gap under Protection”. AER; V.85-#4, pp. 755-770.

 

-T. Ohkawa and K. Shimomura (1995). “Dynamic Effects of Subsidies on Output and R&D in an International Export Rivalry Model”. in W. Chang and S. Katayama, eds. Imperfect Competition in International Trade. Boston: Kluwer, pp. 175-184.

 

-R. Jensen and M. Thursby (1996). “Patent Races, Product Standards, and International Competition”. IER; V.37-#1, pp. 21-49.

 

-D. Leahy and J.P. Neary (1996). “International R&D Rivalry and Industrial Strategy without Government Commitment”. RIE; V.4-#3, pp. 322-338.

 

-D. Leahy and J.P. Neary (1997). “Public Policy Towards R&D in Oligopolistic Industries”. AER; V.87-#4, pp. 642-662.

 

-O. Cadot and D. Desruelle (1998). “R&D: Who Does the R, Who Does the D”. JIE; V.46-#1, pp. 87-103.

 

-D. Audretsch and H. Yamawki (1988). “R&D Rivalry, Industrial Policy, and US-Japanese Trade”. REStat; V.??-#?, pp. 438-447.

 

4. Trade Policy and Equilibrium Choice by Strategic Oligopolists

 

-E. Helpman and P. Krugman (1989). “Strategic Import Policy”. Chapter 6 in Trade Policy and Market Structure. Cambridge: MIT, pp. 117-131.

 

a. Equivalence Arguments with Strategic Oligopoly

 

-M. Itoh and Y. Ono (1982), “Tariffs, Quotas and Market Structure”, QJE. v.96-#?, pp. 294-305.

 

-H. Hwang, J.C. Liu and C.C. Mai (1987). “Price, Profit and Market Share Effects of Tariffs, Volume Quotas and Ratio Quotas”. MS; V.55-#?, pp. 274-286.

 

-S. Das and Y. Niho (1986). “A Dynamic Analysis of Protection, Market Structure and Welfare”. IER; V.27-#2, pp. 513-523.

 

-H. Hwang and C.C. Mai (1988), “On the Equivalence of Tariffs and Quotas Under Duopoly: A Conjectural Variation Approach”, JIE. V.24-#?; pp. 373-380.

 

-C.C. Mai and H. Hwang (1988). “Voluntary Export Restraints and Firms’ Profits in the Presence of Product Differentiation”. Academia Economic Papers; V.16-#?, pp. 39-50.

 

-K.C. Fung (1987). “Quotas, Export Trading Companies, and Oligopolistic Rivalry”. JIEI; V2-#1; pp. 21-36.

 

-K.C. Fung (1989). “Tariffs, Quotas and International Oligopoly”. OEP; V.41-#?, pp. 749-757.

 

-P.-L. Tsai and J.A. Chen (1994). “Tariffs versus Quotas under Duopoly: A Conjectural Variation Approach”. Journal of Economic Studies; V.21-#2, pp. 57-67.

 

-J. Ishikawa (1994). “Ranking Alternative Trade-Restricting Policies under International Duopoly”. Japan and the World Economy; v.6-#2, pp. 157-169.

 

-M. Okawa (1997). “A General Equilibrium Approach to the Nonequivalence of Tariffs and Quotas under International Duopoly”. Japanese Economic Review; V.48-#2, pp. 156-165.

 

-M. Itoh and Y. Ono (1984), “Tariffs vs. Quotas Under Duopoly of Heterogeneous Goods”, JIE. V.17-#?; pp. 359-373.

 

-K. Kim (1989). “Trade Restricting Policies under Uncertainty and a Differentiated Duopoly”. IEJ; V.3-#4, pp. 45-59.

 

-T. Fuerst and K. Kim (1997). “Two-Part Trade Policy under Imperfect Competition”. RIE; V.5-#1, pp. 63-71.

 

b. Strategic Trade and Policy with Vertically Related Firms

 

-K. Krishna and M. Itoh (1988). “Content Protection and Oligopolistic Interactions”. REStud; V.55-#?, pp. 107-125.

 

-B. Spencer and R. Jones (1991). “Vertical Foreclosure and International Trade Policy”. REStud; V.58-#1, pp. 153-170.

 

-B. Spencer and R. Jones (1992). “Trade and Protection in Vertically Related Markets”. JIE; V.32-#1/2, pp. 31-55.

 

-D. Rodrik and C.H. Yoon (1989). “Strategic Trade Policy when Domestic Firms Compete Against Vertically Integrated Rivals”. NBER Working Paper # 2916.

 

-D. Bernhofen (1995). “Price Dumping in Intermediate Goods Markets”. JIE; V.39-#1/2, pp. 159-173.

 

-D. Bernhofen (1996). “Vertical Integration and International Predation”. RIE; V.4-#1, pp. 90-98.

 

-D. Bernhofen (1997). “Strategic Trade Policy in a Vertically Related Industry”. RIE; V.5-#3, pp. 429-433.

 

-D. Bernhofen (1995). “Vertical Integration and Anticompetitive Behavior: Evidence from Dumping Complaints. ms: Clark University.

 

-W. Chang and J.C. Kim (1989). “Competition in Quality-Differentiated Products and Optimal Trade Policy”. KES; V.26-#1, pp. 1-17.

 

-W. Chang and K.-H. Park (1995). “Intermediate Input Dependency and Strategic Trade Policy”. in W. Chang and S. Katayama, eds. Imperfect Competition in International Trade. Boston: Kluwer, pp. 121-141.

 

-B. Spencer and R. Raubitschek (1996). “High-Cost Joint Ventures and International Competition: Do Domestic Firms Gain?”. IER; V.37-#2, pp. 315-340.

 

-J. Ishikawa and K.-D. Lee (1997). “Backfiring Tariffs in Vertically Related Markets”. JIE; V.42-#3/4, pp. 395-423.

 

-R. Belderbos and L. Sleuwaegen (1997). “Local Content Requirements and Vertical Market Structure”. EJPE; V.13-#1, pp. 101-119.

 

-S. Ziss (1997). “Strategic Trade Policy and Vertical Structure”. RIE; V.5-#1, pp. 142-152.

 

-S. Roy and J.-M. Viaene (1998). “On Strategic Vertical Foreign Investment”. JIE; V.46-#2, pp. 253-279.

 

-J. Ishikawa and B. Spencer (1999). “Rent-Shifting Export Subsidies with an Imported Intermediate Good”. JIE; V.48-#?, pp. 199-232.

 

-J. Ishikawa (1999). “Expanding the Purchase of a Foreign Intermediate Good: An Analysis of VIEs and Content Protection under Oligopoly”. In R. Sato, R. Ramachandran, and K. Mino, eds. Global Competition and Integration. Boston: Kluwer.

 

-K. Krishna and J. Morgan (1998). “Implementing Results-Oriented Trade Policies: The Case of the US-Japanese Auto Parts Dispute”. EER; V.42-#?, pp. 1443-1467.

 

-J. McLaren (2000). “Globalization and Vertical Structure”. AER; V.90-#5, pp. 1239-1254.

 

-J. Durling and T. Prusa (2003). “Using Safeguard Protection to Raise Rivals Costs”. Japan and the World Economy; V.15-#1, pp. 47-68.

 

-K.C. Fung (1991). “Characteristics of Japanese Industrial Groups and Their Potential Effect on US-Japanese Trade”. in R. Baldwin, ed. Empirical Studies in Commercial Policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp.

 

-R. Lawrence (1991). “Efficient or Exclusionist? The Import Behavior of Japanese Corporate Groups”. BPEA; #1, pp. 311-341.

 

-M. Perry (1989). “Vertical Integration: Determinants and Effects”. in R. Schmalensee and R. Willig, eds. Handbook of Industrial Organization--V.I. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp.

 

-J. Ordover and G. Saloner (1989). “Predation, Monopolization and Antitrust”. in R. Schmalensee and R. Willig, eds. Handbook of Industrial Organization--V.I. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp.

 

-P. Milgrom and J. Roberts (1990). “New Theories of Predatory Pricing”. in Bonanno and Brandolini, eds. Industrial Structure in the New Industrial Economics.

 

-L. Telser (1966). “Cutthroat Competition and the Long Purse”. JLaw&Econ; V.9-#?, pp. 81-94.

 

-S. Salop and D. Scheffman (1983). “Raising Rivals Costs”. AER; V.73-#2, pp. 267-271.

 

-T. Drattenmaker and S. Salop (1986). “Anticompetitive Exclusion: Raisng Rivals’ Costs to Achieve Power over Price”. Yale Law Journal; V.96-#2, pp. 209-293

 

-J. Ordover, G. Saloner and S. Salop (1990). “Equilibrium Vertical Forclosure”. AER; V.80-#1, pp. 127-142.

 

-O. Hart and J. Tirole (1990). “Vertical Integration and Market Foreclosure”. BPEA; Microeconomics, pp. 205-286.

 

-P. Bolton and M. Whinston (1991). “The ‘Foreclosure’ Effects of Vertical Mergers”. JITE; V.147-#?, pp. 207-226.

 

-A. Fargeix and J. Perloff (1989). “The Effect of Tariffs in Markets with Vertical Restraints”. JIE; V.26-#?, pp. 99-117.

 

-D. Malueg and M. Schwartz (1994). “Parallel Imports, Demand Dispersion, and International Price Discrimination”. JIE; V.37-#3/4, pp. 167-195.

 

c. Non-Collusive Oligopoly and Trade Policy as a Facilitating Device

 

-Y. Ono (1984), “Profitability of Export Restraint”, JIE. V.16-#?, pp. 335-343.

 

-R. Harris (1985), “Why Voluntary Export Restraints are `Voluntary’”, CJE. V.18-#4; pp. 799-809.

 

-K. Krishna (1989), “Trade Restrictions as Facilitating Devices”, JIE. V.26-#3/4, pp. 251-270.

 

-K. Krishna (1989). “What do VERs Do?”. in R. Sato and J. Nelson, eds. Beyond Trade Friction: Japan-US Economic Relations. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 76-92.

 

-C.C. Mai and H. Hwang (1988). “Why Voluntary Export Restraints are Voluntary: An Extension”. CJE; V.21-#4, pp. 877-882.

 

-J. Karikari (1991). “On Why Voluntary Export Restraints Are Voluntary”. CJE; V.24-#1, pp. 228-233.

 

-E. Dockner and A. Haug (1991). “The Closed-Loop Motive for Voluntary Export Restraints”. CJE; V.24-#3, pp. 679-685.

 

-Y. Tanaka (1991). “Consumers’ Preference and the Profitability of VERs in an International Duopoly under Integrated Markets”. MS; V.59-#2, pp. 173-188.

 

-M.R. Baye (1992). “Export Restraints as Commitments in Stackelberg Trade Equilibrium”. Jarbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik; V.209-#?, pp. 22-30.

 

-J. Reitzes and O. Grawe (1994). “Market-share Quotas”. JIE; V.36-#3/4, pp. 431-447.

 

-N. Bjorkstein (1994). “Voluntary Import Expansions and Voluntary Export Restraints in an Oligopoly Model with Capacity Constraints”. CJE; V.37-#2, pp. 446-457.

 

-K. Suzumura and J. Ishikawa (1997). “Voluntary Export Restraints and Economic Welfare”. Japanese Economic Review; V.48-#2, pp. 176-186.

 

-M. Kemp, K. Shimomura, and M. Okawa (1997). “Voluntary Export Restraints and Economic Welfare: A General Equilibrium Analysis”. Japanese Economic Review; V.48-#2, pp. 187-198.

 

-J. Levinsohn (1989). “Strategic Trade Policy and Direct Foreign Investment: When are Tariffs and Quotas Equivalent?”. in E. Helpman and A. Razin, eds. International Trade and Trade Policy. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 24-45.

 

-M. Yano (1989). “Voluntary Export Restraints and Expectations: An Analysis of Export Quotas in Oligopolistic Markets”. IER; V.30-#4, pp. 707-723.

 

-W. Ethier (1991). “Voluntary Export Restraints”. in A. Takayama, et al. eds. Trade, Policy, and Adjustments. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 3-18.

 

-J. Dean and S. Gangopadhyay (1991). “Market Equilibrium under the ‘Threat’ of a VER”. JIE; V.30-#1/2, pp. 137-152.

 

-J. Dean and S. Gangopadhyay (1992). “Strategic Trade Practices in the Presence of a VER”. IER; V.33-#3, pp. 646-659.

 

-G. Hariharan and H. Wall (1992). “Intertemporal Optimization under Threat of VER”. JIEI; V.7-#1, pp. 45-57.

 

d. Dumping with Learning and Dynamic Competition

 

-H. Gruenspecht (1988). “Dumping and Dynamic Competition”. JIE; V.25-#?, pp. 225-248.

 

-P. Berck and J. Perloff (1990). “Dynamic Dumping”. IJIO; V.8-#?, pp. 225-243.

 

-W. Finan and C. Amundsen (1986). “Modelling US-Japan Competition in Semiconductors”. Journal of Policy Modeling; V.8-#3, pp. 305-326.

 

-A. Mody and D. Wheeler (1987). “Prices, Costs, and Competition at the Technological Frontier”. Journal of Policy Modeling; V.9-#2, pp. 367-382.

 

-P. Krugman (1987). “Market Access and Competition in High Technology Industries”. in H. Kierzkowski, ed. Protection and Competition in International Trade. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 128-142.

 

-R. Baldwin and P. Krugman (1987). “Market Access and Imperfect Competition: A Simulation Study of 16K Random Access Memory”. in R. Feenstra, ed. Empirical Research in International Trade. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 171-197.

 

-A. Dick (1991). “Learning-by-doing and Dumping in the Semiconductor Industry”. Journal of Law and Economics; V.34-#1, pp. 133-159.

 

-K. Flamm (1993). “Forward Pricing v. Fair Value: An Analytical Assessment of ‘Dumping’ in DRAMs”. In T. Ito and A. Krueger, eds. Trade and Protectionism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 47-93.

 

e. Collusive Oligopoly and Trade Policy as a De-Facilitating Device

 

-R. Caves (1979). “International Cartels and Monopolies in International Trade”. in R. Dornbusch and J. Frenkel, eds. International Economic Policy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, pp. 39-73.

 

-C. Davidson (1984), “Cartel Stability and Tariff Policy”, JIE. V.17-#3; pp. 219-237.

 

-J. Haubrich and V. Lambson (1986). “Dynamic Collusion in an Open Economy”. EcLets; V.20-#?, pp. 75-78.

 

-J. Rotemberg and G. Saloner (1989). “Tariffs vs Quotas with Implicit Collusion”. CJE; V.22-#2, pp. 237-244.

 

-V. Lambson and J.D. Richardson (1987). “Tacit Collusion and Voluntary Restraint Agreements in the US Auto Market”. ms: University of Wisconsin, Madison.

 

-K.C. Fung (1987). “Industry Structure, Anti-Trust and Tariffs”. IJIO. V.5-#?, pp. 447-456.

 

-R. Rothschild (1986). “Raising Rivals’ Costs: Regulation as a Competitive Strategy in Intra-Industry Trade”. in D. Greenaway and P. Tharakan, eds. Imperfect Competition and International Trade. Sussex: Wheatsheaf, pp. 34-46.

 

-R. Rothschild (1988). “The Impact of Market Share, Tariffs and Quotas on the Performance of International Cartels”. EcLets; V.27-#?, pp. 79-82.

 

-R. Rothschild (1990). “The Impact of Tariffs and Quotas on Collusion in International Markets”. MS; V.58-#2, pp. 105-119.

 

-C. Syropoulos (1992). “Quantitative Restrictions and Tariffs with Endogenous Firm Behavior”. EER; V.36-#?, pp. 1627-1646.

 

-C. Syropoulos (1994). “Endogenous Timing in Games of Commercial Policy”. CJE; V.27-#4, pp. 847-864.

 

-C. Syropoulos (1996). “Nontariff Trade Controls and Leader-Follower Relations in International Competition”. Eca; V.63-#4, pp. 633-648.

 

-J. Hartigan (1992). “Protection with Static Collusion”. SEJ; V.?-#?, pp. 1030-1041.

 

5. “Empirical” Research on Strategic Trade Policy

 

-J.D. Richardson (1990). “International Trade, National Welfare, and the Workability of Competition: A Survey of Empirical Estimates”. in C. Carter, A. McCalla, and J. Sharples, eds. Imperfect Competition and Political Economy: The New Trade Theory in Agricultural Trade Research. Boulder: Westview, pp. 43-80.

 

a. Computable Partial Equilibrium Models

 

-E. Helpman and P. Krugman (1989). “Quantification”. Chapter 9 in Trade Policy and Market Structure. Cambridge: MIT, pp. 155-180.

 

-V. Norman (1989). “Trade Policy Under Imperfect Competition: Theoretical Ambiguities--Emprical Regularities?” EER; V.33-#?, pp. 473-479.

 

-A. Venables and A. Smith (1986). Trade and Industrial Policy under Imperfect Competition”. Economic Policy; #3, pp. 622-672.

 

-A. Smith and A. Venables (1991). “Trade Policy Modeling with Imperfectly Competitive Market Structures”. in W. Barnett, B. Cornet, C. d’Aspermont, J.J. Gabszewicz and A. Mas-Colell, eds. Equilibrium Theory and Applications. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 405-423.

 

-A. Venables (1994). “Trade Policy under Imperfect Competition: A Numerical Assessment”. in P. Krugman and A. Smith, eds. Empirical Studies of Strategic Trade Policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 41-63.

 

(1) Autos

 

-A. Dixit (1987). Tariffs and Subsidies under Oligopoly: The case of the US Automobile Industry”. in R. Feenstra, ed. Empirical Research in International Trade. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 112-127.

 

-A. Dixit (1987). “Optimal Trade and Industrial Policy for the US Automobile Industry”. in R. Feenstra, ed. Empirical Research in International Trade. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 141-169.

 

-K. Krishna, K. Hogan, and P. Swagel (1994). “The Non-Optimality of Optimal Trade Policies: The US Automobile Industry Revisited, 1979-1985". in P. Krugman and A. Smith, eds. Empirical Studies of Strategic Trade Policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 11-37.

 

-M. Fuss, S. Murphy and L. Waverman (1992). “The State of North American and Japanese Motor Vehicle Industries: A Partially Calibrated Model to Examine the Impacts of Trade Policy Changes”. NBER Working Paper; #4225.

 

-D. Laussel, C. Montet and A. Peguin-Feissolle (1988). “Optimal Trade Policy under Oligopoly: A Calibrated Model of the Europe-Japan Rivalry in the EEC Car Market”. EER; V.32-#?, pp. 1547-1565.

 

-A. Smith and A. Venables (1991). “Counting the Cost of Voluntary Export Restraints in the European Car Market”. in E. Helpman and A. Razin, eds. International Trade and Trade Policy. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 187-220.

 

-A. Smith (1994). “Strategic Trade Policy in the European Car Market”. in P. Krugman and A. Smith, eds. Empirical Studies of Strategic Trade Policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 67-81.

 

(2) Aircraft

 

-R. Baldwin and P. Krugman (1987). “Industrial Policy and International Competition in Wide-Bodied Jet Aircraft”. in R. Baldwin, ed. Trade Policy Issues in Empirical Analysis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 89-135.

 

-R. Baldwin and H. Flam (1989). “Strategic Trade Policy in the Market for 30-40 Seat Commuter Aircraft”. WA; V.125-#3, pp. 484-499.

 

-G. Klepper (1990). “Entry Into the Market for Large Transport Aircraft”. EER; V.34-#4, pp. 775-797.

 

-G. Klepper (1994). “Industrial Policy in the Transport Aircraft Industry”. in P. Krugman and A. Smith, eds. Empirical Studies of Strategic Trade Policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 101-126.

 

(3) Steel

 

-R. Harris (1994). “Trade and Industrial Policy for a `Declining` Industry: The Case of the US Steel Industry”. in P. Krugman and A. Smith, eds. Empirical Studies of Strategic Trade Policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 131-156.

 

-K. Head (1994). “Infant Industry Protection in the Steel Rail Industry”. JIE; V.37-#3/4, pp. 141-165.

 

(4) Other

 

-V. Norman and S. Strandenes (1994). “Deregulation of Scandinavian Airlines: A Case Study of the Oslo-Stockholm Route”. in P. Krugman and A. Smith, eds. Empirical Studies of Strategic Trade Policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 85-100.

 

-S. McCorriston and I. Sheldon (1993). “Optimal Trade policies: An Application to the UK Fertilizer market”. OEP; V.45-#1, pp. 118-129.

 

b. Computable General Equilibrium Models

 

-R. Harris and D. Cox (1984). Trade, Industrial Policy and Canadian Manufacturing. Toronto: Ontario Economic Council.

 

-R. Harris (1984). “Applied General Equilibrium Analysis of a Small Open Economies with Economies of Scale and Imperfect Competition”. AER; V.74-#?, pp. 1016-1033.

 

-D. Brown (1987). “Tariffs, Terms-of-Trade and National Product Differentiation”. Journal of Policy Modelling; V.9-#3, pp. 503-526.

 

-D. Brown and R. Stern (1987). “A Modelling Perspective”. in R. Stern, P. Trezise and J. Whalley, eds. Perspectives on a US-Canadian Free Trade Agreement. Washington, DC: Brookings.

 

-D. Brown and R. Stern (1989). “US-Canada Bilateral Tariff Elimination: The Role of Product Differentiation and Market Structure”. in R. Feenstra, ed. Trade Policies for International Competitiveness. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 217-253.

 

-J. de Melo and S. Robinson (1989). “Product Differentiation and the Treatment of Foreign Trade in CGE Models of Small Economies”. JIE; V.27-#?, pp. 47-67.

 

-T. Hazeldine (1990). “Why do the Free Trade Gain Numbers Differ So Much? The Role of Industrial Organization in General Equilibrium”. CJE; V.23-#4, pp. 791-806.

 

-T.T. Nguyem and R. Wigle (1992). “Trade Liberalization with Imperfect Competition: The Large and the Small of It”. EER; V.36-#1, pp. 17-35.

 

-J. deMelo and D. Tarr (1992). A General Equilibrium Analysis of US Trade Policy. Cambridge: MIT Press.

 

-D. Rodrik (1988). “Imperfect Competition, Scale Economies and Trade Policy in Developing Countries”. in R. Baldwin, ed. Trade Policy Issues and Empirical Analysis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 109-137.

 

-S. Devarajan and D. Rodrik (1989). “Trade Liberalization in Developing Countries: Do Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies Matter?”. AER; V.79-#2, pp. 283-287.

 

-T. Condon and J. deMelo (1991). “Industrial Organization Implications of QR Trade Regimes: Evidence and Welfare Costs”. Empirical Economics; V.16-#?, pp. 139-153.

 

-J. deMelo and D. Roland-Holst (1991). “Industrial Organization and Trade Liberalization: Evidence From Korea”. in R. Baldwin, ed. Empirical Studies of Commercial Policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 287-306.

 

-H. Gunsakera and R. Tyers (1991). “Imperfect Competition and Returns to Scale in a Newly Industrializing Economy: A General Equilibrium Analysis of Korean Trade Policy”. JDevE; V.?-#?, pp.

 

-T. Hertel (1994). “The `Procompetitive` Effects of Trade Policy Reform in a Small, Open Economy”. JIE; V.36-#3/4, pp. 391-411.

 

-J. Markusen, T. Rutherford and L. Hunter (1995). “Trade Liberalization in a Multinational Dominated Industry”. JIE; V.38-#1/2, pp. 95-117.

 

c. Other

 

-T. Hazeldine (1980). “Testing Two Models of Pricing and Protection with Canada/US Data”. Journal of Industrial Economics; V.29-#?, pp. 145-154.

 

-H. Yamawki and D. Audretsch (1988). “Import Share under International Oligopoly with Differentiated Products: Japanese Imports in US Manufacturing”. REStat; V.?-#?, pp. 569-579.

 

-D. Audretsch, L. Sleuwaegen and H. Yamawki (1989). “The Dynamics of Export Competition”. in H. Yamawki, D. Audretsch and L. Sleuwaegen, eds. The Convergence of International and Domestic Markets. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

 

-I. Magas (1992). “Dynamics of Export Competition in High-Technology Trade: USA, Japan, and Germany 1973-1987". International Trade Journal; V.6-#4, pp. 471-513.

 

-R. Moore (1990). “A Test of Strategic Trade Policy in the Semiconductor Industry: The Impact of Japanese Policy on US Firms”. IEJ; V.4-#1, pp. 97-108.

 

-D. Irwin (1991). “Mercantilism as Strategic Trade Policy: The Anglo-Dutch Rivalry for the East India Trade”. JPE; V.99-#6, pp. 1296-1314.

 

-J. Levinsohn (1993). “Testing the Imports-as-Market-Discipline Hypothesis”. JIE; V.35-#1/2, pp. 1-22.

 

-R. Feenstra and J. Levinsohn (1995). “Estimating Markups and Market Conduct with Multidimensional Product Attributes”. REStud; V.69-#1, pp. 19-52.

 

-P.K. Goldberg (1995). “Product Differentiation and Oligopoly in International Markets: The Case of the US Automobile Industry”. Etrica; V.63-#4, pp. 891-951.

 

-A. Dick (1993). “Strategic Trade Policy and Welfare: The Empirical Consequences of Cross-Ownership”. JIE; V.35-#3/4, pp. 227-249.

 

-A. Dick (1994). “Does Import Protection Act as Export Promotion?: Evidence from the US”. OEP; V.46-#1, pp. 83-101.

 

-C. Carter and D. MacLaren (1997). “Price or Quantity Competition? Oligopolistic Structures in International Commodity Markets”. RIE; V.5-#3, pp. 373-385.

 

-R. Baldwin (1989). “The Growth Effects of 1992". Economic Policy; #9, pp. 248-281.

 

-R. Baldwin (1992). “Measurable Dynamic Gains from Trade”. JPE; V.100-#1, pp. 162-174.

 

-M. Roberts and J. Tybout (1991). “Size Rationalization and Trade Exposure in Developing Countries”. in R. Baldwin, ed. Empirical Studies of Commercial Policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 169-192.

 

-J. Tybout and M.D. Westbrook (1995). “Trade Liberalization and the Dimensions of Efficiency Change in Mexican Manufacturing Industries”. JIE; V.39-#1/2, pp. 53-78.

 

d. Imperfect Competition, Pricing to Market, and Exchange Rate Pass-Through

 

-P. Goldberg and M. Knetter (1997). “Goods Prices and Exchange Rates: What Have We Learned?”. Journal of Economic Literature; V.35-#3, pp. 1243-72.

 

(1) Exchange Rate Pass-Through

 

-C. Mann (1986). “Prices, Profit Margins, and Exchange Rates”. Federal Reserve Bulletin; #72, pp. 366-379.

 

-M. Kreinin, S. Martin, and E. Sheehy (19??). “Differential Response of US Import Prices and Quantities to Exchange Rate Adjustments”. WA; V.123-#?, pp. 449-462.

 

-R. Feinberg (1986). “The Interaction of Foreign Exchange and Market Power Effects on German Domestic Prices”.Journal of Industrial Economics; V.35-#1, pp. 61-70.

 

-A. Giovannini (1988). “Exchange Rates and Traded Goods Prices”. JIE; V.27-#1/2, pp. 45-68.

 

-P. Hooper and C. Mann (1989). “Exchange Rate Pass Through in the 1980s: the Case of US Imports of Manufactures”. BPEA; #1, pp. 297-337.

 

-R. Dornbusch (1987). “Exchange Rates and Prices”. AER; V.77-#1, pp. 93-106.

 

-R. Feenstra (1989). “Symmetric Pass-through of Tariffs and Exchange Rates under Imperfect Competition: An Empirical Test”. JIE; V.27-#1/2, pp. 25-45.

 

-E. Fisher (1989). “A Model of Exchange Rate Pass-through”. JIE; V.26-#1/2, pp. 119-137.

 

-Y. Kim (1990). “Exchange Rates and Import Prices in the US: A Varying Parameter Estimation of Exchange Rate Pass-Through”. Journal of Business and Economic Statistics; V.8-#?, pp. 305-315.

 

-A. Sibert (1992). “Exchange Rates, Market Structure, Prices and Imports”. EcRec; V.68-#202, pp. 233-239.

 

-K. Ohno (1989). “Export Pricing Behavior of Manufacturing: A US-Japan Comparison”. IMF Staff Papers; V.36-#3, pp. 550-579.

 

-K. Ohno (1990). “Exchange Rate Fluctuations, Pass-through, and Market Share”. IMFSP; V.37-#?, pp. 294-310.

 

-W. Hung, Y. Kim and K. Ohno (1993). “Pricing Exports: A Cross Country Study”. JIMF; V.12-#1, pp. 3-28.

 

-S. Donnenfeld and I. Zilcha (1991). “Pricing of Exports and Exchange Rate Uncertainty”. IER; V.32-#4, pp. 1009-1022.

 

-D. Parsley (1993). “Exchange Rate Pass-through: Evidence from Aggregate Japanese Exports”. SEJ; V.60-#?, pp. 454-462.

 

-D. Parsley (1995). “Exchange Rate Pass-Through with Intertemporal Linkages: Evidence at the Commodity Level”. RIE; V.3-#3, pp. 330-341.

 

-R. Feenstra, J. Gagnon, and M. Knetter (1993). “Market Share and Exchange Rate Pass-Through in World Auto Trade”. JIE, V.40-#1/2, pp. 187-207.

 

-R. Feenstra and J. Kendall (1997). “Pass-through of Exchange Rates and Purchasing Power Parity”. JIE; V.43-#1/2, pp. 237-261.

 

-V. Kadiyali (1997). “Exchange Rate Pass-through for Strategic Pricing and Advertising: An Empirical Analysis of the US Photographic Film Industry”. JIE; V.43-#3/4, pp. 437-461.


 

(2) Pricing to Market

 

-P. Krugman (1987). “Pricing to Market when the Exchange Rate Changes”. S. Arndt and J.D. Richardson, eds. Real-Financial Linkages Among Open Economies. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 49-70.

 

-R. Marston (1990). “Pricing to Market in Japanese Manufacturing”. JIE; V.29-#3/4, pp. 217-236.

 

-J. Gagnon (1989). “Adjustment Costs and International Trade Dynamics”. JIE; V.26-#3/4, pp. 327-334.

 

-M. Knetter (1989). “Price Discrimination by US and German Exporters”. AER; V.79-#1, pp. 198-210.

 

-M. Knetter (1992). “Multinationals and Pricing to Market Behavior”. In M. Klein and P. Welfens, eds. Multinationals in the New European and Global Trade. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 65-87.

 

-M. Knetter (1993). “International Comparisons of Pricing to Market Behavior”. AER; V.83-#3, pp. 473-486.

 

-M. Knetter (1994). “Is Export Price Adjustment Asymmetric?: Evaluating the Market Share and Marketing Bottlenecks Hypotheses”. JIMF; V.13-#1, pp. 55-70.

 

-M. Knetter (1995). “Pricing to Market in Response to Unobservable and Observable Shocks”. International Economic Journal; V.9-#2, pp. 1-25.

 

-J. Gagnon and M. Knetter (1995). “Markup Adjustment and Exchange Rate Fluctuations: Evidence from Panel Data on Automobile Exports”. JIMF; V.14-#2, pp. 289-310.

 

-P. Goldberg and M. Knetter (1995). “Measuring the Intensity of Competition in Export Markets”. NBER Working Paper, #5226.

 

-Kirman, Alan and Louis Phlips (1996). “Exchange Rate Pass-through and Market Structures”. Journal of Economics; V.64-#2, pp. 129-154.

 

-Hens, Thorsten, Eckart Jäger, Alan Kirman and Louis Phlips (1999). “Exchange Rates and Oligopoly”. European Economic Review; V.43-#3, pp. 621-648.

 

-L. Winkelmann and R. Winkelmann (1998). “Tariffs, Quotas and Terms-of-Trade: The Case of New Zealand”. JIE; V.46-#2, pp. 313-332.

 

-K. Kasa (1992). “Adjustment Costs and Pricing to Market: Theory and Evidence”. JIE ; V.32-#1/2, pp. 1-30.

 

-Gil-Pareja, Salvador (2002). “Export Price Discrimination in Europe and Exchange Rates”. Review of International Economics; V.10-#2, pp. 299-312.

 

-Gil-Pareja, Salvador (2003). “Pricing to Market Behaviour in European Car Markets”. European Economic Review; V.47-#6, pp. 945-962.

 

(3) Exchange Rate Hysteresis

 

-P. Krugman and R. Baldwin (1987). “The Persistence of the US Trade Deficit”. BPEA; #1, pp.

 

-R. Baldwin (1988). “Hysteresis in Import Prices: the Beachhead Effect”. AER; V.78-#4, pp.773-785.

 

-R. Baldwin and P. Krugman (1989). “Persistent Trade Effects of Large Exchange Rate Shocks”. QJE; V.104-$4, pp. 635-654.

 

-R. Baldwin (1990). “Some Empirical Evidence on Hysteresis in Aggregate US Import Prices”. In S. Gerlach and P. Petri, eds. The Economics of the Dollar Cycle. Cambridge: MIT, pp. 235-268.

 

-R. Baldwin (1990). “Hysteresis in Trade”. In W. Franz, ed. Hysteresis Effects in Economic Models. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag, pp. 19-34.

 

-R. Baldwin and R. Lyons (1991). “The Mutual Amplification Effect of Exchange Rate Volatility and Unresponsive Trade Policies”. Journal of International Financial Markets; V.1-#1, pp. 1-20.

 

-R. Baldwin and R. Lyons (1994). “Exchange Rate Hysteresis?: Large versus Small Policy Misalignments”. EER; V.38-#1, pp. 1-22.

 

-A. Dixit (1989). “Hysteresis, Import Penetration, and Exchange Rate Pass Through”. QJE; V.104-#2, pp. 205-228.

 

A. Dixit (1994). “Hysteresis and the Duration of the J-Curve”. Japan and the World Economy; v.6-#2, pp. 105-115.

 

-L. Ljunqvist (1994). “Hysteresis in International Trade: A General Equilibrium Analysis”. JIMF; V.13-#4, pp. 387-399.

 

-K. Froot and P. Klemperer (1989). “Exchange Rate Pass-through when Market Share Matters”. AER; V.79-#4, pp. 637-654.