I. SOME MATHEMATICAL TOOLS FOR GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM THEORY

 

A. A Few Useful General References

 

1. Microeconomics Background

 

-E. Silberberg (1990). The Structure of Economics. New York: McGraw Hill.

 

-H. Varian (1992). Microeconomic Analysis. New York: Norton.

 

-A. Mas-Colell, M. Whinston, and J. Green (1995). Microeconomic Theory. New York: Oxford University Press.

 

-Jae Wan Chung (1994). Utility and Production Functions: Theory and Applications. Oxford: Blackwell.

 

2. General Overviews of Mathematics for Economists

 

-E.R. Weintraub (1982). Mathematics for Economists. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-A.C. Chiang (1984). Fundamental Methods of Mathematical Economics. New York: McGraw Hill.

 

-K. Lancaster (1968). Mathematical Economics. New York: Dover.

 

-W. Novshek (1993). Mathematics for Economists. San Diego: Academic Press.

 

-C. Simon and L. Blume (1994). Mathematics for Economists. New York: Norton.

 

-A. Takayama (1985). Mathematical Economics. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-M. Carter (2001). Foundations of Mathematical Economics. Cambridge: MIT Press.

 

-J. Moore (1999). Mathematical Methods for Economic Theory. (2 Vols.). Berlin: Springer.

 

-P. Berck and K. Sydsæter (1991). Economists' Mathematical Manual. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

 

B. Matrices, Linear Algebra and Linear Programming

 

1. Linear Algebra

 

-T. Banchoff and J. Wermer (1983). Linear Algebra through Geometry. Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.

 

-A. Ostraszewski (1990). “Linear Algebra”. Part I of Advanced Mathematical Methods. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-I.M. Gel’fand (1961). Lectures on Linear Algebra. New York: Interscience Publishers.

 

-J.T. Scheick (1997). Linear Algebra with Applications. New York: McGraw-Hill.

 

-P. Halmos (1987). Finite-Dimensional Vector-Spaces. New York: Springer-Verlag.

 

-E. Klein (1973). “Vector Spaces and Vector-Space Homomorphisms”. of Part II of Mathematical Methods in Theoretical Economics. New York: Academic Press.

 

-M. Kemp and Y. Kimura (1978). Introduction to Mathematical Economics. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

 

2. Matrix Theory

 

-F. Gantmacher (1959). Matrix Theory. (2 vols.) New York: Chelsea Publishing Co.

 

-R. Bellman (1970). Introduction to Matrix Analysis. (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw Hill.

 

-A. Berman and R. Plemmons (1979). Nonnegative Matrices in the Mathematical Sciences. San Diego: Academic Press.

 

-R. Bapat and T. Raghavan (1997). Nonnegative Matrices and Applications. Cambridge: CUP.

 

3. Linear Programming

 

-R. Dorfman, P. Samuelson and R. Solow (1958). Linear Programming and Economic Analysis. New York: McGraw Hill.

 

-S. Karlin (1959). Mathematical Methods and Theory in Games, Programming, and Economics. Reading: Addison-Wesley.

 

-D. Gale (1960). The Theory of Linear Economic Models. New York: McGraw Hill.

 

C. Basic Topology and Fixed Point Theory

 

-H. Nikaido (1970). Introduction to Sets and Mappings in Modern Economics. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

 

-E. Klein (1973). “Point Set Topology”. Part I of Mathematical Methods in Theoretical Economics. New York: Academic Press.

 

-J. Munkres (1975). Topology: A First Course. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.

 

-J. Dugundji (1966). Topology. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

 

-K. Binmore (1981). Topological Ideas. [Book 2 of Foundations of Analysis: A Straightforward Introduction]. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-Y. Shashkin (1991). Fixed Points. Washington, DC: American Mathematical Society.

 

-D.R. Smart (1974). Fixed Point Theorems. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-K. Border (1985). Fixed Point Theorems with Applications to Economics and Game Theory. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-J. Dugundji and A. Granas (1982). Fixed Point Theory. Warszawa : PWN-Polish Scientific Publishers.

 

D. Calculus/Analysis

 

1. Calculus

 

-R.G.D. Allen (1938). Mathematical Analysis for Economists. New York: St. Martins.

 

-K. Binmore (1983). Calculus. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-A. Ostrazewski (1990). “Advanced Calculus”. Part II of Advanced Mathematical Methods. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-T. Apostol (1967/9). Calculus. 2nd Ed. V.I (1967), V.II. (1969). New York: John Wiley & Sons.

 

2. Real Analysis

 

-K. Binmore (1980). Mathematical Analysis: A Straightforward Approach. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-W. Rudin (1953/76). Principles of Economic Analysis. (3rd Ed.). New York: McGraw Hill.

 

-T. Apostol (1974). Mathematical Analysis. (2nd Ed.). Menlo Park: Addison Wesley.

 

-H. Royden (1988). Real Analysis. (3rd Ed.). New York: Macmillan.

 

-C. Aliprantis and K. Border (1994). Infinite Dimensional Analysis. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

 

3. Convex Analysis

 

-C. Berge (1963). Topological Spaces. Mineola: Dover.

 

-R.T. Rockafellar (1970). Convex Analysis. Princeton: PUP.

 

-H. Nikaido (1968). Convex Structures and Economic Theory. New York: Academic Press.

 

E. Optimization Theory and Nonlinear Programming

 

-A. Dixit (1991). Optimization in Economic Theory. Oxford: OUP.

 

-R. Sundaram (1996). A First Course in Optimization Theory. New York: Cambridge University Press.

 

-H. Kuhn and A. Tucker (1951). “Nonlinear Programming”. in J. Neyman ed. Proceedings of the Second Berkeley Symposium on Mathematical Statistics and Probability. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 481-492.

 

-H. Uzawa (1958). “The Kuhn-Tucker Theorem in Concave Programming”. in K. Arrow, et al., eds. Studies in Linear and Non-Linear Programming. Stanford: Stanford University Press, pp. 32-37.

 

-O.L. Mangasarian (1969). Nonlinear Programming. New York: McGraw Hill.

 

-D. Luenberger (1969). Optimization by Vector Space Methods. New York: Wiley.

 

F. Duality Theory

 

-M.N. Darough and C. Southey (1977). “Duality in Consumer Theory Made Simple: The Revealing of Roy's Identity”. CJE; V.10-#2, pp. 307-317.

 

-J. Weymark (1980). “Duality Results in Demand Theory”. EER; V.14-#?, pp. 377-395.

 

-E. Greenberg and A. Denzau (1988). “Profit and Expenditure Functions in Public Finance: An Expository Note”. EcInq; V.26-#1, pp. 145-158.

 

-H. Uzawa (1964). “Duality Principles in the Theory of Cost and Production”. IER; V.5-#?, pp. 216-220.

 

-A.D. Woodland (1982). “Producer and Consumer Theory: A Duality Approach”. Chapter 2 of International Trade and Resource Allocation. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 15-38.

 

-P. Samuelson (1983). “Duality and Dynamic Programming”. Appendix C-3 in Foundations of Economic Analysis [enlarged edition]. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, pp. 453-495.

 

-W. Diewert (1982). “Duality Approaches to Microeconomic Theory”. in K. Arrow and M. Intriligator, eds. Handbook of Mathematical Economics. Amsterdam: North-Holland, V.2, pp. 535-599.

 

-R. Cornes (1992). Duality and Modern Economics. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-C. Blackorby, D. Primont and R. Russell (1978). Duality, Separability and Functional Structure: Theory and Economic Applications. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

 

G. Optimal Control Theory and Dynamic Programming

 

-D. Léonard (1992). Optimal Control Theory and Static Optimization in Economics. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-M. Kamien and N. Schwartz (1981). Dynamic Optimization: The Calculus of Variations and Optimal Control in Economics and Management. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

 

-A. Seierstad and K. Sydsæter (1987). Optimal Control Theory with Economic Applications. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

 

-M. Harris (1987). Dynamic Economic Analysis. New York: Oxford University Press.

 

-P. Whittle (1982). Optimization over Time: Dynamic Programming and Stochastic Control. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons.

 

-N. Stokey and R. Lucas, with E. Prescott (1989). Recursive Methods in Economic Dynamics. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

 

-L. Ljunqvist and T. Sargent (2000). Recursive Macroeconomic Theory. Cambridge: MIT Press.


II. CLASSICAL MODELS OF GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM AND TRADE

 

A. Structure of Classical Models

 

1. Surveys/Overviews

 

-V. Walsh and H. Gram (1980). Classical and Neoclassical Theories of General Equilibrium: Historical Origins and Mathematical Structure. Oxford: OUP.

 

-L. Pasinetti (1977). Lectures on the Theory of Production. New York: Columbia University Press.

 

2. Adam Smith and the Canonical Classical Model

 

-A. Smith (1776). An Inquiry into the Nautre and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. New York: Modern Library.

 

-S. Hollander (1973). The Economics of Adam Smith. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

 

-P. Samuelson (1977). “A Modern Theorist's Vindication of Adam Smith”. AER; V.67-#1, pp. 42-49.

 

-P. Samuelson (1978). “The Canonical Classical Model of Political Economy”. JEL; 16-#4, pp. 1415-1434.

 

-E. Sieper (1983). “Smith, Ricardo and the Bounty on Corn”. ms.: Australian National University.

 

3. Ricardian Models

 

a. Ricardian Models of General Equilibrium

 

-D. Ricardo (1821). The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-F. Knight (1935). “The Ricardian Theory of Production and Distribution”. CJEPS; V.1-#?, pp. 3-25 and 171-196.

 

-G. Stigler (1952). “The Ricardian Theory of Value and Distribution”. JPE; V.60-#?, pp. 187-207.

 

-P. Samuelson (1959). “A Modern Treatment of the Ricardian Economy: I. The Pricing of Goods and of Labor and Land Services”. QJE; V.73-#1, pp. 1-35.

 

-P. Samuelson (1959). “A Modern Treatment of the Ricardian Economy: II. Capital and Interest Aspects of the Pricing Process”. QJE; V.73-#?, pp. 217-231.

 

-L. Pasinetti (1960). “A Mathematical Formulation of the Ricardian System”. REStud; V.27-#?, pp. 78-98.

 

-R. Findlay (1974). “Relative Prices, Growth and Trade in a Simple Ricardian System”. Eca; V.41-#?, pp. 1-13.

 

-A. Burgstaller (1986). “Unifying Ricardo’s Theories of Growth and Compaative Advantage”. Eca; V.53-#4, pp. 467-481.

 

-A. Burgstaller (1989). “A Classical Model of Growth, Expectations and General Equilibrium”. Eca; V.56-#?, pp. 373-393.

 

-J. Hicks and S. Hollander (1977). “Mr. Ricardo and the Moderns”. QJE; V.?-#?, pp. 351-369.

 

-S. Hollander (1979). The Economics of David Ricardo. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

 

-C. Casarosa (1978). “A New Formulation of the Ricardian System”. OEP; V.?-#?, pp. 38-63. (Comment by Hicks (1979) pp. 133-134)

 

-G. Caravale and D. Tosato (1980). Ricardo and The Theory of Value, Distribution and Growth. London: RKP.

 

-G. Caravale, ed. (1985). The Legacy of Ricardo. Oxford: Blackwell.

 

-M. Morishima (1989). Ricardo's Economics: A General Equilibrium Theory of Distribution and Growth. Cambridge: CUP.

 

b. Activity Analysis and the Ricardo-Leontief-Samuelson Model

 

-T. Koopmans (1951). “Analysis of Production as an Efficient Combination of Activities”. in T. Koopmans, ed. Activity Analysis of Production and Allocation. New York: Wiley, pp. 33-97.

 

-N. Georgescu-Roegen (1951). “Some Properties of a Generalized Leontief Model”. in T. Koopmans, ed. Activity Analysis of Production and Allocation. New York: Wiley, pp. 165-173.

 

-N. Georgescu-Roegen (1950). “Leontief's System in the Light of Recent Results”. REStat; V.32-#?, pp. 214-222.

 

-L. Metzler (1951). “Taxes and Subsidies in Leontief's Input-Output Model”. QJE; V.65-#?, pp. 433-438.

 

-R. Dorfman, P. Samuelson and R. Solow (1958). “The Statical Leontief System”. Chapters 9 and 10 in Linear Programming and Economic Analysis. New York: McGraw Hill, pp. 204-264.

 

-J. Melvin (1970). “The Production Set When Labor is Indispensable”. IER; V.11-#2, pp. 305-314. (Comment by Georgescu-Roegen follows, pp. 315-317.

 

-K. Suzumura (1973). “Boundedness of the Closed Economy with Samuelson-Leontief Technology”. Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics; V.13-#2, pp. 43-46.

 

-K. Arrow and D. Starrett (1973). “Cost-theoretical and Demand-theoretical Approaches to the Theory of Price Determination”. in J. Hicks and W. Weber, eds. Carl Menger and the Austrian School of Economics. Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 129-148.

 

-A. Villar (2003). “The Generalized Linear Production Model: Solvability, Nonsubstitution, and Productivity Measurement”. Advances in Economic Theory; V.3-#1, article 1.

 

c. Nonsubstitution Theorems

 

-P. Samuelson (1951). “Abstract of a Theorem Concerning Substitutability in Open Leontief Models”. in T. Koopmans, ed. Activity Analysis of Production and Allocation. New York: Wiley, pp. 142-146.

 

-T. Koopmans (1951). “Alternative Proof of the Substitution Theorem for Leontief Models in the the Case of Three Industries”. in T. Koopmans, ed. Activity Analysis of Production and Allocation. New York: Wiley, pp. 147-154.

 

-K. Arrow (1951). “Alternative Proof of the Substitution Theorem for Leontief Models in the General Case”. in T. Koopmans, ed. Activity Analysis of Production and Allocation. New York: Wiley, pp. 155-164.

 

-P. Samuelson (1961). “A New Theorem on Nonsubstitution”. in H. Hegeland, ed. Money, Growth and Methodology. Lind: C.W.K. Gleerup, pp. 407-453.

 

-E. Burmeister and E. Sheshinski (1969). “A Nonsubstitution Theorem in a Model with Fixed Capital”. SEJ;

 

-J. Mirlees (1969). “The Dynamic Nonsubstitution Theorem”. REStud; V.36-#1, pp. 67-76.

 

-J. Stiglitz (1970). “Non-substitution Theorems with Durable Capital Goods”. REStud; V.27-#?, pp. 543-553.

 

-L. Johansen (1972). “Simple and General Nonsubstitution Theorems for Input-Output Models”. JET; V.5-#?, pp. 383-394.

 

-P. Chander (1974). “A Simple Proof of the Nonsubstitution Theorem”. QJE; V.88-#?, pp. 698-701.

 

-J. Melvin (1969). “Intermediate Goods in Production Theory: The Differentiable Case”. REStud; V.36-#1, pp. 124-131.

 

-J. Melvin (1974). “Samuelson's Substitution Theorem with Cobb-Douglas Production Functions”. Australian Economic Papers; V.13-#?, pp. 43-51.

 

-Y. Otani (1973). “Neo-Classical Technology Sets and Properties of Production Possibility Sets”. Etrica; V.41-#4, pp. 667-682.

 

-R. Manning (1981). “A Nonsubstitution Theorem with Many Primary Factors”. JET; V.25-#?, pp. 442-449.

 

-R. Manning (1982). “Nonsubstitution Over the Production-Possibility Frontier”. in M. Kemp, ed. Production Sets. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 51-67.

 

-R. Manning, J. Markusen and J. Melvin (1993). “Dynamic Nonsubstitution and Long-run Production Possibilities”. in H. Herberg and N.V. Long, eds., Trade, Welfare and Economic Policies. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp. 51-66.

 

4. Marxian Models

 

a. The Structure of Marxian Economic Models

 

-D. Foley (1986). Understanding Capital: Marx's Economic Theory. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-P. Samuelson (1957). “Wages and Interest: A Modern Dissection of Marxian Economic Models”. AER; V.47-#5, pp. 884-912.

 

-M. Morishima (1973). Marx's Economics: A Dual Theory of Value and Growth. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-M. Morishima (1974). “Marx in the Light of Modern Economic Theory”. Etrica; V.42-#?, pp. 611-632.

 

-P. Samuelson (1974). “Marx as Mathematical Economist: Steady-State and Exponential Growth Equilibrium”. in G. Horwich and P. Samuelson, eds. Trade, Stability and Macroeconomics. New York: Academic Press, pp. 269-307.

 

-I. Steedman (1977). Marx after Sraffa. London: New Left Books.

 

-P. Samuelson (1983). “Leontief-Sraffa-Marx Input-Output Systems”. Appendix C-9 in Foundations of Economic Analysis (enlarged edition). Cambridge: Harvard University Press, pp. 561-584.

 

-J. Roemer (1981). Analytical Foundations of Marxian Economic Theory. Cambridge: CUP.

 

b. The Transformation Problem and Exploitation

 

-P. Samuelson (1971). “Understanding the Marxian Notion of Exploitation: A Summary of the So-Called Transformation Problem between Marxian Prices and Competitive Prices”. JEL; V.9-#2, pp. 399-431.

 

-M. Morishima and G. Catephores (1978). Value, Exploitation and Growth. New York: McGraw Hill.

 

-A. Lipietz (1982). “The `So-Called Transformation Problem` Revisited”. JET; V.26-#?, pp. 59-88.

 

-D. Foley (1982). “The Value of Money, The Value of Labor Power, and the Marxian Transformation Problem”. Review of Radical Political Economy; V.14-#2, pp. 37-47.

 

-J. Roemer (1982). A General Theory of Exploitation and Class. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

 

c. Falling Rate of Profit and Economic Crisis

 

-N. Okishio (1961). “Technical Changes and the Rate of Profit”. Kobe University Economic Review; V.7-#?, pp. 85-99.

 

-N. Okishio (1963). “A Mathematical Note on Marxian Theorems”. WA; V.91-#2, pp. 287-299.

 

-N. Okishio (1977). “Notes on Technical Progress and Capitalist Society”. Cambridge Journal of Economics; V.?-#?, pp. 93-100.

 

-J. Roemer (1977). “Technical Change and the ‘Tendency of the Rate of Profit to Fall’”. JET; V.16-#2, pp. 403-424.

 

-J. Roemer (1978). “The Effect of Technological Change on the Real Wage and Marx's Falling Rate of Profit”. Australian Economic Papers; V.?-#?, pp. 152-166.

 

-J. Roemer (1979). “Continuing Controversey on the Falling Rate of Profit: Fixed Capital and Other Issues”. Cambridge Journal of Economics; V.3-#?, pp. 379-398.

 

-S. Bowles (1981). “Technical Change and the Profit Rate: A Simple Proof of the Okishio Theorem”. Cambridge Journal of Economics; V.5-#1, pp. 183-186.

 

-W. Nordhaus (1974). “The Falling Share of Profits”. BPEA; #1, pp. 169-208.

 

-M. Feldstein and L. Summers (1977). “Is the Rate of Profit Falling?”. BPEA; #1, pp. 211-227.

 

-T. Weisskopf (1979). “Marxian Crisis Theory and the Rate of Profit in the Postwar US Economy”. Cambridge Journal of Economics; V.3-#4, pp. 341-378. (Comment by F. Munley (1981), V.5-#2, pp. 159-173 and Response, pp. 175-182).

 

-E. Wolff (1979). “The Rate of Surplus Value, the Organic Composition, and the General Rate of Profit in the US Economy, 1947-1967". AER; V.69-#3, pp. 329-341.

 

5. Neo-Ricardian Models

 

a. Neo-Ricardian General Equilibrium

 

-L. Mainwaring (1984). Value and Distribution in Capitalist Economies: An Introduction to Sraffian Economics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

 

-P. Sraffa (1960). Production of Commodities by Means of Commodities. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

 

-G. Harcourt (1972). “Mr. Sraffa's Production of Commodities by Means of Commodities”. Appendix to Chapter 4 in Some Cambridge Controversies in the Theory of Capital. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 177-204.

 

-P. Garegnani (1970). “Heterogeneous Capital, The Production Function and the Theory of Distribution”. REStud; V.37-#3, pp. 407-436.

 

-L. Pasinetti (1974). Growth and Income Distribution. Cambridge: Cambrige University Press.

 

-L. Pasinetti (1981). Structural Change and Economic Growth. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

 

-W. Darity (1981). “The Simple Analytics of Neo-Ricardian Growth and Distribution”. AER; V.71-#5, pp. 978-993.

 

-J. Blatt (1984). Dynamic Economic Systems: A Post-Keynesian Approach. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe.

 

-M. Blaug (1975). The Cambridge Revolution: Success or Failure? London: Institute of Economic Affairs.

 

-A. Dixit (1977). “The Accumulation of Capital Theory”. OEP; V.29-#1, pp. 1-29.

 

b. Reswitching

 

-D. Levhari (1965). “A Nonsubstitution Theorem and Switching of Techniques”. QJE; V.79-#?, pp. 98-105.

 

-L. Pasinetti (1966). “Changes in the Rate of Profit and Switches of Technique”. QJE; V.80-#?, pp. 503-517.

 

-D. Levhari and P. Samuelson (1966). “The Nonswitching Theorem is False”. QJE; V.80-#?, pp. 518-519.

 

-M. Morishima (1966). “Refutation of the Nonswitching Theorem”. QJE; V.80-#?, pp. 520-525.

 

-M. Bruno, E. Burmeister and E. Sheshinski (1966). “The Nature and Implications of the Reswitching of Techniques”. QJE; V.80-#?, pp. 526-553.

 

-P. Garegnani (1966). “Switching of Techniques”. QJE; V.80-#?, pp. 555-567.

 

-P. Samuelson (1966). “A Summing Up”. QJE; V.80-#?, pp. 568-583.

 

-K. Bharadwaj (1970). “On the Maximum Number of Switches between Two Production Systems”. Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Volkswirtschaft und Statistik; V.?-#?, pp. 409-429.

 

-G. Harcourt (1972). “A Child's Guide to the Double-Switching Debate”. Chapter 4 of Some Cambridge Controversies in the Theory of Capital. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 118-176.

 

-J. Metcalfe and I. Steedman (1972). “Reswitching and Primary Input Use”. EJ; V.82-#?, pp. 140-157.

 

B. Classical Models of International Trade

 

1. Overviews

 

-J. Chipman (1965). “A Survey of the Theory of International Trade: Part 1, The Classical Theory”.Etrica; V.33-#3, pp. 477-519.

 

-M. Chacholiades (1973). “The Classical Theory”. Part II of The Pure Theory of International Trade. Chicago: Aldine.

 

-G. Gandolfo (1987). “The Classical (Ricardo-Torrens) Theory of Comparative Costs”. Chapter 2 of International Economics, I: The Pure Theory of International Trade. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 7-32.

 

-A. Takayama (1971). “The Classical Theory of Comparative Advantage and Its Modern Developments”. Part II of International Trade: An Approach to the Theory. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

 

2. The Basic Ricardian Analysis of International Trade

 

-D. Ricardo (1821). “On Foreign Trade”. Chapter 7 of The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-J.S. Mill (1917). “International Values”. Book III, Chapter xviii, Principles of Political Economy. London: Longmans.

 

-E.S. Mason (1926). “The Doctrine of Comparative Costs”. QJE; V.41-#?, pp. 63-93.

 

-J. Bhagwati (1967). “The Proofs of the Theorems on Comparative Advantage”. EJ; V.77-#?, pp. 75-83.

 

-J. Melvin (1969). “Mill's Law of International Value”. SEJ; V.36-#?, pp.

 

-M. Harwitz (1972). “A Note on Professor Chipman's Version of Mill's Law of International Value”. JIE; V.2-#?, pp. 181-188.

 

-A. Ray (1977). “Gains from Trade and the Size of a Country”. JIE; V.7-#?, pp. 67-71.

 

-W. Ethier and A. Ray (1979). “Gains from Trade and the Size of a Country, II”. JIE; V.9-#?, pp. 127-129.

 

-J.M. Hartwick (1979). “Distribution of World Income in the Ricardo-Mill Model of International Trade”. JIE; V.9-#?, pp. 117-126.

 

-R. Jones (1979). “Technical Progress and Real Incomes in a Ricardian Trade Model”. Chapter 17 of International Trade: Essays in Theory. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

 

-R. Jones (1980). “Demand Behavior and the Theory of International Trade”. in J. Chipman and C. Kindleberger, eds. Flexible Exchange Rates and the Balance of Payments. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 321-340.

 

-H. Myint (1977). “Adam Smith’s Theory of International Trade in the Perspective of Economic Development”. Eca; V.44-#?, pp. 231-248.

 

-T. Negishi (1982). “The Labor Theory Value in the Ricardian Theory of International Trade”. History of Political Economy; V.14-#?, pp. 199-10.

 

-A. Maneschi (1983). “Dynamic Aspects of Ricardo’s International Trade Theory”. OEP; V.35-#?, pp. 67-80.

 

-A. Deardorff (1980). “The General Validity of the Law of Comparative Advantage”. JPE; V.88-#?, pp. 941-957.

 

-R. Jones (1980). “Comparative and Absolute Advantage”. Schweiz. Zeitschrift für Volkswirtschaft und Statistik; V.116-#3, pp. 235-259.

 

-S. Rosen (1978). “Substitution and the Division of Labor”. Eca; V.45-#?, pp. 389-402.

 

-G. MacDonald and J. Markusen (1985). “A Rehabilitation of Absolute Advantage”. JPE; V.93-#2, pp. 277-297.

 

-R. Ruffin (1988). “The Missing Link: The Ricardian Approach to the Factor Endowments Theory of Trade”. AER; V.78-#4, pp. 759-772.

 

-R. Ruffin (1990). “The Ricardian Factor Endowment Theory of Trade”. IEJ;

 

-R. Ruffin (1992). “First- and Second-Best Factor Comparative Advantages and International Trade”. Eca; V.59-#4, pp. 453-563.

 

-R. Ruffin (1993). “Job Market Preferences and International Trade”. in W. Ethier, E. Helpman and J.P. Neary, eds. Theory, Policy and Dynamics in International Trade. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 75-90.

 

3. Frank Graham's Theory of International Values

 

-F. Graham (1923). “The Theory of International Values Reexamined”. QJE; V.38-#1, pp. 54-86.

 

-F. Graham (1932). “The Theory of International Values”. QJE; V.46-#4, pp. 581-616.

 

-F. Graham (1948). The Theory of International Values. Princeton: PUP.

 

-L. Metzler (1950). “Graham's Theory of International Values”. AER; V.40-#3, pp. 301-322.

 

-G. Elliott (1950). “The Theory of International Values”. JPE; V.58-#1, pp. 16-30.

 

-G. Becker (1952). “A Note on Multi-Country Trade”. AER; V.42-#4, pp. 558-568.

 

-T. Whitin (1953). “Classical Theory, Graham's Theory and Linear Programming in International Trade”. QJE; V.67-#?, pp. 520-544.

 

-L. McKenzie (1954). “On Equilibrium in Graham's Model of World Trade and Other Competitive Systems”. Etrica; V.22-#2, pp. 147-161.

 

4. Activity Analysis and the Ricardo-Graham Model of International Trade

 

-W. Leontief (1946). “Exports, Imports, Domestic Output and Employment”. QJE; V.60-#?, pp. 171-193.

 

-S. Reiter (1953). “Trade Barriers in Activity Analysis”. REStud; V.20-#3, pp. 174-180.

 

-L. McKenzie (1954). “Specialization and Efficiency in World Production”. REStud; V.21-#3, pp. 165-180.

 

-L. McKenzie (1955). “Specialization in Production and the Production Possibility Locus”. REStud; V.23-#1, pp. 56-64.

 

-R. Jones (1961). “Comparative Advantage and the Theory of Tariffs: A Multi-Country, Multi-Commodity Model”. REStud; V.28-#3, pp. 161-175.

 

-A. Amano (1966). “Intermediate Goods and the Theory of Comparative Advantage: A Two Country, Three Commodity Case”. WA; V.96-#2, pp. 340-345.

 

-H. Kuhn (1968). “Lectures on Mathematical Economics”. in G. Dantzig and A. Veinott, eds. Mathematics of the Decision Sciences (V. II). Providence: American Mathematical Society, pp. 49-84 (esp. lectures 3 and 4).

 

-R. Jones (1985). “Ricardo-Graham World Transformation Surfaces”. Osaka City University Economic Review; #20, pp. 27-33. [Comment by Minabe follows]

 

-R. McKinnon (1966). “Intermediate Products and Differential Tariffs: A Generalization of Lerner's Symmetry Theorem”. QJE; V.80-#4, pp. 584-615.

 

-J. Melvin (1969). “Intermediate Goods, The Production Possibility Curve, and Gains From Trade”. QJE; V.83-#?, pp. 140-151.

 

-H. Houthaker (1976). “The Calculation of Bilateral Trade Patterns in a Ricardian Model with Intermediate Products and Barriers to Trade”. JIE; V.6-#?, pp. 251-288.

 

5. The Continuum of Goods Model

 

-R. Dornbusch, S. Fischer and P. Samuelson (1977). “Comparative Advantage, Trade and Payments in a Ricardian Model with a Continuum of Goods”. AER; V.67-#5, pp. 823-839.

 

-C. Wilson (1980). “On the General Structure of Ricardian Models with a Continuum of Goods: Applications to Growth, Tariff Theory, and Technical Change”. Etrica; V.48-#7, pp. 1675-1702.

 

-S. Collins (1985). “Technical Progress in a Three-Country Ricardian Model with a Continuum of Goods”. JIE; V.19-#?, pp. 171-179.

 

-M. Itoh and K. Kiyono (1987). “Welfare-Enhancing Export Subsidies”. JPE; V.95-#1, pp. 115-137.

 

-J. Gaisford (1991). “Asymmetric Effects of Endowment Changes on Foreign Investment in Source and Host Countries”. CJE; V.24-#4, pp. 940-957.

 

6. International Trade in Neo-Ricardian Models

 

a. Overviews

 

-I. Steedman (1979). Trade Amongst Growing Economies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

 

-A. Dixit (1981). “The Export of Capital Theory”. JIE; V.11-#?, pp. 279-294.

 

-I. Steedman (1999). “Production of Commodities by Means of Commodities and the Open Economy”. Metroeconomica; V.50-#3, pp. 260-276.

 

b. Factor-Price Equalization with Heterogeneous Capital

 

-P. Samuelson (1965). “Equalization by Trade of the Interest Rate Along with the Real Wage”. in R. Baldwin, et al. eds. Trade, Balance of Payments and Growth. Chicago: Rand McNally, pp. 35-52.

 

-I. Steedman and J. Metcalfe (1973). “The Non-Substitution Theorem and International Trade Theory”. Australian Economic Papers; V.12-#?, pp. 267-269.

 

-L. Mainwaring (1976). “Relative Prices and “Factor Price” Equalization in a Heterogeneous Capital Goods Model”. Australian Economic Papers; V.12-#?, pp. 109-118.

 

-E. Burmeister (1978). “An Interest Rate and Factor Price Equalization Theorem with Non-Traded Commodities”. JIE; V.8-#?, pp. 1-9.

 

-L. Mainwaring (1978). “The Interest Rate Equalization Theorem with Non-Traded Goods”. JIE; V.8-#?, pp. 11-19.

 

-P. Samuelson (1978). “Interest Rate Equalization and Non-Equalization by Trade in Leontief-Sraffa Models”. JIE; V.8-#?, pp. 21-27.

 

c. Theorems on Trade with Heterogeneous Capital

 

-K. Acheson (1970). “The Aggregation of Heterogeneous Capital Goods and Various Trade Theorems”. JPE; V.78-#2, pp. 565-571.

 

-J. Metcalfe and I. Steedman (1972). “Heterogeneous Capital and the Heckscher-Ohlin-Samuelson Theory of Trade”. in J. Parkin and A. Nobay, eds. Essays in Modern Economics. London: Longman, pp. 50-60.

 

-P. Samuelson (1975). “Trade Pattern Reversals in Time-Phased Ricardian Systems and Intertemporal Efficiency”. JIE; V.5-#?, pp. 309-363.

 

-I. Steedman and J. Metcalfe (1977). “Reswitching, Primary Inputs and the HOS Theory of Trade”. JIE; V.7-#?, pp. 201-208.

 

-M. Kemp (1973). “Heterogeneous Capital Goods and Long-Run Stolper-Samuelson Theorems”. Australian Economic Papers; V.12-#?, pp. 253-260.

 

-M. Kemp and C. Khang (1974). “A Note on Steady-State Price:Output Relationships”. JIE; V.4-#2, pp. 187-197.

 

-W. Ethier (1979). “The Theorems of International Trade in Time-Phased Economies”. JIE; V.9-#?, pp. 225-238. (Comment by Metcalfe and Steedman, and Response. JIE, V.11-#?, pp. 267-277)

 

d. Gains From Trade

 

-I. Steedman and J. Metcalfe (1973). “'On Foreign Trade'”. Economia Internazionale; reprinted in I. Steedman, ed. Fundamental Issues in Trade Theory. New York: St. Martins, pp. 99-109.

 

-J. Metcalfe and I. Steedman (1974). “A Note on the Gain From Trade”. EcRec; V.50-#?, pp. 581-595.

 

-L. Mainwaring (1974). “A Neo-Ricardian Analysis of International Trade”. KYKLOS; V.27-#?, pp. 537-553.

 

-P. Samuelson (1978). “Free Trade's Intertemporal Pareto-Optimality”. JIE; V.8-#?, pp. 147-149.

 

-M.A.M. Smith (1979). “Intertemporal Gains from Trade”. JIE; V.9-#?, pp. 239-248.

 

-L. Mainwaring (1979). “On the Transition from Autarky to Trade”. in I. Steedman, ed. Fundamental Issues in Trade Theory. New York: St. Martins, pp. 131-141.

 

e. Distribution, Growth and Trade in a Neo-Ricardian World

 

-I. Steedman (1979). “The von Neumann Analysis and the Small Open Economy”. in I. Steedman, ed. Fundamental Issues in Trade Theory. New York: St. Martins, pp. 142-158.

 

-S. Parinello (1979). “Distribution, Growth and International Trade”. in I. Steedman, ed. Fundamental Issues in Trade Theory. New York: St. Martins, pp. 159-187.

 

-J. Metcalfe and I. Steedman (1979). “Growth and Distribution in an Open Economy”. in I. Steedman, ed. Fundamental Issues in Trade Theory. New York: St. Martins, pp. 201-227.

 

7. International Trade in Marxian and Neo-Marxian Models

 

-A. Emmanuel (1972). Unequal Exchange: A Study of the Imperialism of Trade. New York: Monthly Review.

 

-S. Amin (1974). Accumulation on a World Scale: A Critique of the Theory of Underdevelopment. New York: Monthly Review.

 

-S. Amin (1977). Imperialism and Unequal Development. New York: Monthly Review.

 

-G. Arrighi (1978). The Geometry of Imperialism. London: New Left Books.

 

-A. Shaikh (1979). “Foreign Trade and the Law of Value”. Science and Society; V.43-#3, pp. 281-302; (1980) V.44-#1, pp.

 

-A. Shaikh (1980). “The Laws of International Exchange”. in E. Nell, ed. Growth, Profits and Prosperity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 204-235.

 

-J. Roemer (1983). “Unequal Exchange, Labor Migration, and International Capital Flows: A Theoretical Synthesis”. in P. Desai, ed. Marxism, Central Planning, and the Soviet Economy. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 34-60.

 

-D. Schweickart (1991). “The Politics and Morality of Unequal Exchange”. Economics and Philosophy; V.7-#1, pp.

 

-D. Evans (1975). “Unequal Exchange and Economic Policies: Some Implications of the Neo-Ricardian Critique of the Theory of Comparative Advantage”. in I. Livingstone, ed. Development Economics and Policy: Readings. London: Allen and Unwin.

 

-P. Samuelson (1976). “The Illogic of the Neo-Marxian Doctrine of Unequal Exchange”. in D. Belsley, et al., eds. Inflation, Trade and Taxes. Columbus: Ohio University Press.

 

-A. DeJanvry and F. Kramer (1979). “The Limits of Unequal Exchange”. Review of Radical Political Economics; V.11-#4, pp. 3-15.

 

-B. Gibson (1980). “Unequal Exchange: Theoretical Issues and Empirical Findings”. Review of Radical Political Economics; V.12-#3, pp. 15-35.

 

-L. Mainwaring (1980). “International Trade and the Transfer of Labour Values”. Journal of Development Studies; V.17-#1, pp. 22-31.

 

-R. Sau (1984). Underdeveloped Capitalism and the General Law of Value. Atlantic Highlands: Humanities Press.

 

-E. Bacha (1978). “An Interpretation of Unequal Exchange from Prebisch-Singer to Emmanuel”. JDevE; V.5-#4, pp. 319-330.

 

-P. Krugman (1981). “Trade, Accumulation and Uneven Development”. JDevE; V.8-#?, pp. 149-161.

 

-D. Evans (1984). “A Critical Assessment of Some Neo-Marxian Trade Theories”. Journal of Development Studies; V.20-#2, pp. 202-226.

 

-A.K. Dutt (1986). “Vertical Trading and Uneven Development”. JDevE; V.20-#?, pp. 339-359.

 

-A.K. Dutt (1988). “Monopoly Power and Uneven Development: Baran Revisited”. Journal of Development Studies; V.24-#2, pp. 161-176.

 

-S. Barrientos (1990). “The Classical Foundations of Unequal Exchange: A Critical Analysis”. British Review of Economic Issues; V.13-#29, pp. 61-86.

 

C. Testing the Classical Model

 

-G.D.A. MacDougall (1951). “British and American Exports: A Study Suggested by the Theory of Comparative Costs, I”. EJ; V.61-#244, pp. 697-724.

 

-G.D.A. MacDougall (1952). “British and American Exports: A Study Suggested by the Theory of Comparative Costs, II”. EJ; V.62-#247, pp. 487-521.

 

-A. Harberger (1957). “Some Evidence on the International Price Mechanism”. JPE; V.65-#6, pp. 506-521.

 

-R. Stern (1962). “British and American Productivity and Comparative Costs in International Trade”. OEP; V.14-#?, pp. 275-296. (comment by MacDougall, et al. follows)

 

-B. Balassa (1963). “An Empirical Demonstration of Classical Comparative Cost Theory”. REStat; V.45-#?, pp. 231-238.

 

-A.Y.C. Koo (1967). “Competition of American and Japanese Textiles in the World Market: An Empirical Test of the Theory of Comparative Cost”. in Essays in Mathematical Economics in Honor of Oskar Morgenstern. Princeton: PUP, pp. 299-312.

 

-J. Bhagwati (1969). “The Pure Theory of International Trade”. in J. Bhagwati, Trade, Tariffs and Growth. Cambridge: MIT, pp. 3-122. [Discussion of empirical tests on the Ricardian model, including original results, see pp. 7-23.]

 

-D.J. Daly (1972). “Uses of International Price and Output Data”. in D.J. Daly, ed. International Comparisons of Prices and Output. New York: Columbia University Press/NBER, pp. 85-123. [esp. pp. 96-103, and response by Balassa (123-131) and Bhagwati (131-137)]

 

-M. Kreinin (1969). “The Theory of Comparative Cost: Further Evidence”. Economia Internazionale; V.22-#?, pp. 662-674.

 

-H. Glejser (1972). “Empirical Evidence on Comparative Cost Theory from the European Common Market Experience”. EER; V.3-#?, pp. 247-258.

 

-J. McGilvray and D. Simpson (1973). “The Commodity Structure of Anglo-Irish Trade”. REStat;; V.55-#?, pp. 451-458.

 

-S. Golub (1994). “Comparative Advantage, Exchange Rates, and Sectoral Trade Balances of Major Industrial Countries”. IMFSP; V.41-#2, pp. 286-313.

 

-C. Noussair, C. Plott, and R. Riezman (1995). “An Experimental Investigation of the Patterns of International Trade”. AER; V.85-#3, pp. 462-491.

 

-P. Hooper and K. Larin (1989). “International Comparisons of Labor Costs in Manufacturing”. Review of Income and Wealth; V.35-#?, pp. 335-355.


III. NEOCLASSICAL MODELS OF GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM AND TRADE

 

A. Structure of the Neoclasscial Model

 

1. Background

 

a. Some Classical References

 

-W.S. Jevons (1871). The Theory of Political Economy. London: Macmillan.

 

-C. Menger (1871). Grundsätze der Volkswirtschaftslehre. Vienna: Braumüller. Translation (1950): Principles of Economics. Glencoe: Irwin.

 

-L. Walras (1874/1974). Eléments d'Economie Politique Pure. trans. Elements of Pure Economics. London: Allen and Unwin.

 

-F.Y. Edgeworth (1881/1991). Mathematical Psychics. London: Kegan Paul.

 

-G. Cassel (1932). The Theory of Social Economy. New York: Harcourt Brace.

 

-A. Wald (1934/1968). “On the Unique Non-negative Solvability of the New Production Equations, Part I”. Translation in W. Baumol and S. Glodfeld, eds. Precursors in Mathematical Economics. London: LSE, pp. 281-288.

 

-A. Wald (1935/1968). “On the Production Equations of Economic Value Theory, Part II”. Translation in W. Baumol and S. Glodfeld, eds. Precursors in Mathematical Economics. London: LSE, pp. 289-293.

 

-A. Wald (1936/1951). “On Some Systems of Equations of Mathematical Economics”. Translation in Econometrica; V.19-#?, pp. 368-403.

 

-J. von Neumann (1936/1945/6). “A Model of General Economic Equilibrium”. Translation in Review of Economic Studies; V.13-#1, pp. 1-9.

 

-J. Hicks (1939). Value and Capital: An Inquiry into Some Fundamental Principles of Economic Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (second edition 1946)

 

-P. Samuelson (1947). Foundations of Economic Analysis. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. (Enlarged edition, 1983)

 

-G. Debreu (1959). Theory of Value. New York: Wiley.

 

-W. Hildenbrand (1983). “Introduction”. to Mathematical Economics: Twenty Papers of Gerard Debreu. Cambridge: CUP/Econometric Society Monograph, pp. 1-29.

 

-D. Duffie and H. Sonnenschein (1989). “Arrow and General Equilibrium Theory”. JEL; V.28-#2, pp. 565-598.

 

b. Textbook treatments of GE Theory

 

-P. Newman (1965). The Theory of Exchange. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.

 

-J. Quirk and R. Saposnik (1968). Introduction to General Equilibrium Theory and Welfare Economics. New York: McGraw Hill.

 

-C. Ferguson (1969). The Neoclassical Theory of Production and Distribution. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-W. Hildenbrand and A. Kirman (1988). Equilibrium Analysis: Variations on Themes by Edgeworth and Walras. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

 

-D. Campbell (1987). Resource Allocation Mechanisms. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-R. Starr (1997). General Equilibrium Theory: An Introduction. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-B. Ellickson (1993). Competitive Equilibrium: Theory and Applications. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-T. Rader (1972). Theory of General Equilibrium. New York: Academic Press.

 

-C. Aliprantis, D. Brown, and O. Burkinshaw (1990). Existence and Optimality of Competitive Equilibrium. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

 

-C. Aliprantis (1996). Problems in Equilibrium Theory. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

 

-K. Arrow and F. Hahn (1971). General Competitive Analysis. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

 

-L. McKenzie (2002). Classical General Equilibrium Theory. Cambridge: MIT Press.

 

-A. Kirman, ed. (1998). Elements of General Equilibrium Analysis. Oxford: Blackwell.

 

c. History and Philosophy of GE Modeling

 

(1) Reflections of Major Contributors

 

-P. Samuelson (1952). “Economic Theory and Mathematics: An Appraisal”. AER; V.42-#2, pp. 56-66.

 

-W. Leontief (1954). “Mathematics in Economics”. Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society (Gibbs Lecture); V.60-#3, pp. [also cptr 3 in Leontief, Essays in Economics: Theories, Theorizing, Facts, and Policies. New Brunswick: Transaction Press, pp. 22-44.]

 

-W. Leontief (1971). “Theoretical Assumptions and Nonobserved Facts”. American Economic Review; V.61-#1, pp. 1-7.

 

-T. Koopmans (1957). Three Essays on the State of Economic Science. New York: McGraw-Hill.

 

-P. Suppes (1960). “A Comparison of the Meaning and Uses of Models in Mathematics and the Empirical Sciences”. Synthese; V.12-#?, pp. 287-301.

 

-N. Kaldor (1972). “The Irrelevance of Equilibrium Economics”. Economic Journal; V.82-#328, pp. 1237-1255. [also Chapter 15 in The Essential Kaldor. 1989, London: Duckworth.]

 

-N. Kaldor (1975). “What is Wrong with Economic Theory?”. Quarterly Journal of Economics; V.89-#4, pp. 347-357. [also Chapter 16 in The Essential Kaldor. 1989, London: Duckworth.]

 

-K. Arrow (1973). “General Economic Equilibrium: Purpose, Analytic Techniques, Collective Choice”. Nobel Lecture. [reproduced in K. Arrow (1983). Collected Papers, V.2: General Equilibrium. Boston: Harvard University Press, pp. 199-226.]

 

-F. Hahn (1974). “On the Notion of Equilibrium in Economics”. Cambridge: CUP. [reproduced in Hahn, ed. (1984). Equilibrium and Macroeconomics. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 43-71.]

 

-F. Hahn (1981). “General Equilibrium Theory”. in D. Bell and I. Kristol, eds. The Crisis in Economic Theory. New York: Basic Books. [reproduced in Hahn, ed. (1984). Equilibrium and Macroeconomics. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 72-87.]

 

-F. Hahn (1982). “Reflections on the Invisible Hand”. Lloyds Bank Review; April, pp. 1-21. [reproduced in Hahn, ed. (1984). Equilibrium and Macroeconomics. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 111-133.]

 

-G. Debreu (1984). “Economic Theory in the Mathematical Mode”. AER; V.74-#3, pp. 267-278.

 

-G. Debreu (1986). “Theoretic Models: Mathematical Formalism and Economic Content”. Etrica; V.54-#6, pp. 1259-1270.

 

-G. Debreu (1991). “The Mathematicization of Economic Theory”. AER; V.81-#1, pp. 1-7.

 

-R. Townsend (1988). “Markets as Economies”. EJ; V.98-#390, pp. 1-24.

 

-A. Kirman (1989). “The Intrinsic Limits of Modern Economic Theory: The Emperor Has No Clothes”. EJ; V.99-Conference, pp. 126-139.

 

(2) Positivist/Neo-Positivist Perspectives and Critiques

 

-M. Friedman (1953). “The Methodology of Positive Economics”. in M. Friedman, ed. Essays in Positive Economics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 3-43.

 

-E. Nagel (1963). “Assumptions in Economic Theory”. AER; V.53-#2, pp. 211-219.

 

-P. Samuelson (1963). “Problems of Methodology–Discussion”. AER; V.53-#2, pp. 231-236.

 

-F. Machlup (1964). “Professor Samuelson on Theory and Realism”. AER; V.54-#5, pp. 733-736.

 

-P. Samuelson (1964). “Theory and Realism: A Reply”. AER; V.54-#5, pp. 736-739.

 

-G. Massey (1965). “Professor Samuelson on Theory and Realism: Comment”. AER; V.55-#5, pp. 1155-1164.

 

-P. Samuelson (1965). “Professor Samuelson on Theory and Realism: Reply”. AER; V.55-#5, pp. 1164-1172.

 

-S. Wong (1973). “The ‘F-Twist’ and the Methodology of Paul Samuelson”. AER; V.63-#3, pp. 313-325.

 

-L. Boland (1979). “A Critique of Friedman’s Critics”. JEL, V.17-#2, pp. 503-522.

 

-B. Caldwell (1980). “A Critique of Friedman’s Methodological Instrumentalism”. SEJ; V.?-#?, pp. 366-374.

 

-A. Musgrave (1981). “‘Unreal Assumptions’ in Economic Theory: The F-Twist Untwisted”. KYKLOS; V.34-#3, pp. 377-387.

 

-A. Coddington (1975). “The Rationale of General Equilibrium”. Economic Inquiry; V.13-#4, pp. 539-558.

 

-A. Gibbard and H. Varian (1978). “Economic Models”. Journal of Philosophy; V.75-#11, pp. 664-677.

 

-E. Green (1981). “On the Role of Fundamental Theory in Positive Economics”. in J.C. Pitt, ed. Philosophy in Economics. Dordrecht: D. Reidel, pp. 5-15.

 

-D. Hausman (1981). “Are General Equilibrium Theories Explanatory?”. in J.C. Pitt, ed. Philosophy in Economics. Dordrecht: D. Reidel, pp. 17-32.

 

-A. Rosenberg (1983). “If Economics Isn’t Science, What is It?”. Philosophical Forum; V.9-#?, pp. 509-529.

 

-D.W. Hands (1984). “What Economics is Not: An Economist’s Response to Rosenberg”. Philosophy of Science; V.51-#3, pp. 495-503. [Response by Rosenberg, 1986, V.53-#1, pp. 127-132.]

 

A. Rosenberg (1989). “Are Generic Predictions Enough?”. Erkenntnis; V.30-#1/2, pp. 43-68. [also in W. Balzer and B. Hamminga, eds. Philosophy of Economics. Dordrecht: Kluwer.]

 

A. Rosenberg (1991). “What’s So Special about General Equilibrium Theory?”. in G.K. Shaw, ed.. Economics, Culture and Education: Essays in honour of Mark Blaug. Aldershot: Elgar, pp. 120-132.

 

-P. Samuelson (1987). “Out of the Closet: A Program for the Whig History of Economic Science”. History of Economics Society Bulletin; V.9-#1, pp. 51-60.

 

-M. Blaug (1980/1992). The Methodology of Economics: or, How Economists Explain. 2nd ed. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-D. Hausman (1992). The Inexact and Separate Science of Economics. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-D. Hausman (1993). Essays on Philosophy and Economic Methodology. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-A. Rosenberg (1992). Economics: Mathematical Politics or Science of Diminishing Returns?. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

 

-D.W. Hands (1993). Testing, Rationality, and Progress: Essays on the Popperian Tradition in Economic Methodology. Totowa: Rowman & Littlefield.

 

-D. Redman (1993). Economics and the Philosophy of Science. New York: Oxford University Press.

 

-P. Mirowski (1988). Against Mechanism: Why Economics Needs Protection from Science. Totowa: Rowman & Littlefield.

 

-P. Mirowski (1989). More Heat Than Light. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-N. DeMarchi, ed. (1993). Non-Natural Social Science: Reflecting on the Enterprise of More Heat Than Light. Durham: Duke University Press.

 

-B. Ingrao and G. Israel (1990). The Invisible Hand: Economic Equilibrium in the History of Science. Cambridge: MIT.

 

D.W. Hands (1993). “Thirteen Theses on Progress in Economic Methodology”. in D.W. Hands, ed. Testing, Rationality, and Progress: Essays on the Popperian Tradition in Economic Methodology. Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield, pp. 143-147.

 

M. Blaug (1994). “Why I Am Not a Constructivist: Confessions of an Unrepentant Popperian”. in R. Backhouse, ed.. New Directions in Economic Methodology. New York: Routledge, pp. 109-136.

 

-W. Milberg (1996). “The Rhetoric of Policy Relevance in International Economics”. Journal of Economic Methodology; V.3-#?, pp. 237-259.

 

-A. Leijonhufvud (1997). “Models and Theories”. Journal of Economic Methodology; V.4-#2, pp. 193-198.

 

-S. Dow (1997). “Mainstream Economic Methodology”. Cambridge Journal of Economics; V.21-#1, pp. 73-93.

 

D. Hausman (1999). “‘Ultra-Deductivism,’ Perfect Knowledge and the Methodology of Economics”. Journal of Economic Methodology; V.6-#1, pp. 125-130.

 

A.D. Autume and J. Cartelier, eds. (1997). Is Economics Becoming a Hard Science?. Aldershot: Edward Elgar.

 

-D.W. Hands (2001). Reflection without Rules: Economic Methodology and Contemporary Science Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

 

P. Mirowski (2002). Machine Dreams: Economics Becomes a Cyborg Science. Cambridge: CUP.

 

(3) Lakatosian Perspectives and Critiques

 

-S. Latsis, ed. (1976). Method and Appraisal in Economics. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-J. Remenyi (1979). “Core and Demi-Core Interaction: Toward a General Theory of Disciplinary and Sub-Disciplinary Growth”. History of Political Economy; V.11-#1, pp. 30-63.

 

-M. Blaug (1980). The Methodology of Economics. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-G. Fulton (1984). “Research Programmes in Economics”. History of Political Economy; V.16-#2, pp. 197-205.

 

-D.W. Hands (1985). “Second Thoughts on Lakatos”. History of Political Economy; V.17-#1, pp. 1-16.

 

-E.R. Weintraub (1979). Microfoundations. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-S. Dow (1981). “Weintraub and Wiles: The Methodological Basis of Policy Conflict”. Journal of Post Keynesian Economics; V.3-#3, pp.539-558.

 

-E.R. Weintraub (1982). “Substantive Mountains and Methodological Molehills”. Journal of Post Keynesian Economics; V. 5-#2, pp. 295-303. [Rejoinder by Dow follows, pp. 304-308.]

 

-D.W. Hands (1984). “The Role of Crucial Counterexamples in the Growth of Economic Knowledge”. History of Political Economy; V.16-#1, pp. 59-67.

 

-E.R. Weintraub (1985). “Appraising General Equilibrium Analysis”. Economics and Philosophy; V.3-#1, pp. 23-37.

 

-E.R. Weintraub (1986). General Equilibrium Analysis: Essays in Appraisal. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-A. Rosenberg (1986). “Lakatosian Consolations for Economics”. Economics and Philosophy; V.2-#1, pp. 127-139. [Response by E.R. Weintraub and Rejoinder, 1987, V.3-#1, pp. 139-144.]

 

-E.R. Weintraub (1988). “The Neo-Walrasian Programme is Empirically Progressive”. in N. deMarchi, ed. The Popperian Legacy in Economics. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 213-227.

 

-B. Heijdra and A. Lowenberg (1988). “The Neoclassical Research Program: Some Lakatosian and Other Considerations”. Australian Economic Papers; V.27-#?, pp. 272-284.

 

-M. Toruño (1988). “Appraisals and Rational Reconstructions of General Competitive Equilibrium Theory”. Journal of Economic Issues; V.22-#1, pp. 127-155.

 

-A. Diamond, jr. (1988). “The Empirical Progressiveness of the General Equilibrium Research Programme”. History of Political Economy; V.20-#?, pp. 119-135.

 

-A. Salanti (1991). “Roy Weintraub’s Studies in Appraisal: Lakatosian Consolations or Something Else?”. Economics and Philosophy; V.7-#?, pp. 221-234. [Response by E.R. Weintraub and Rejoinder, 1993, V.9-#?, pp. 135-144.]

 

-A. Salanti (1994). “On the Lakatosian Apple of Discord in the History and Methodology of Economics”. Finnish Economic Papers; V.7-#1, pp. 30-41.

 

-U. Mäki (1994). “Methodology Might Matter, But Weintraub’s Meta-Methodology Shouldn’t”. Journal of Economic Methodology; V.1-#?, pp. 215-231.

 

-M. Janssen (1991). “What is this Thing Called Microfoundations?”. History of Political Economy; V.23-#?, pp. 687-712.

 

-M. Blaug and N. DeMarchi, eds. (1991). Appraising Economic Theories: Studies in the Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes. Aldershot: Edward Elgar.

 

-R. Backhouse (1991). “The Neo-Walrasian Research Programme in Macroeconomics”. In Blaug and DeMarchi, eds., pp. 403-426.

 

-R. Backhouse (1993). “Lakatosian Perspectives on General Equilibrium Analysis”. Economics and Philosophy; V.9-#2, pp. 271-287.

 

-E.R. Weintraub (1991). Stabilizing Dynamics: Constructing Economic Knowledge. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-E.R. Weintraub and P. Mirowski (1994). “The Pure and the Applied: Bourbakism Comes to Mathematical Economics”. Science in Context; V.7-#2, pp. 245-272.

 

-R. Backhouse (1998). Explorations in Economic Methodology: From Lakatos to Empirical Philosophy of Science. London: Routledge.

 

-P. Krugman (1998). “Two Cheers for Formalism”. EJ; V.108-#451, pp. 1829-1836.

 

-E.R. Weintraub (1998). “Axiomatisches Mißverständnis”. EJ; V.108-#451, pp. 1837-1847.

 

-E.R. Weintraub (1999). “How Should we Write the History of Twentieth-Century Economics?”. Oxford Review of Economic Policy; V.15-#4, pp. 139-152.

 

-E.R. Weintraub (2002). How Economics Became a Mathematical Science. Durham: Duke University Press.

 

(4) Structuralist Reconstructions

 

-D.W. Hands (1985). “The Structuralist View of Economic Theories: A Review Essay”. Economics and Philosophy; V.1-#2, pp.303-335.

 

-E.W. Händler (1980). “The Logical Structure of Modern Neoclassical Static Equilibrium Theory”. Erkenntnis; V.15-#1, pp. 33-53.

 

-W. Balzer (1982). “A Logical Reconstruction of Pure Exchange Economies”. Erkenntnis; V.17-#1, pp. 23-46.

 

-W. Balzer (1982). “The Empirical Claims of Exchange Economics”. in W. Stegemüller, W. Balzer, and W. Spohn eds. Philosophy of Economics. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 16-40.

 

-R. Kötter (1982). “General Equilibrium Theory–An Empirical Theory?”. in W. Stegemüller, W. Balzer, and W. Spohn eds. Philosophy of Economics. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 103-117.

 

-D. Pearce and M. Tucci (1982). “A General Net Structure for Theoretical Economics”. in W. Stegemüller, W. Balzer, and W. Spohn eds. Philosophy of Economics. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 85-102.

 

-F. Haslinger (1982). “Structure and Problems of Equilibrium and Disequilibrium Theory”. in W. Stegemüller, W. Balzer, and W. Spohn eds. Philosophy of Economics. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 63-84

 

-F. Haslinger (1983). “‘A Logical Reconstruction of Pure Exchange Economics’: An Alternative View”. Erkenntnis; V.V.20-#?, pp. 115-129.

 

-W. Balzer (1985). “The Proper Reconstruction of Exchange Economics”. Erkenntnis; V.23-#?, pp. 185-200.

 

-D.W. Hands (1985). “The Logical Reconstruction of Pure Exchange Economics: Another Alternative”. Theory and Decision; V.19-#?, pp. 259-278.

 

-B. Hamminga and W. Balzer (1986). “The Basic Structure of Neoclassical General Equilibrium Theory”. Erkenntnis; V.25-#1, pp. 31-46.

 

-M. Janssen and T. Kuipers (1989). “Stratification of General Equilibrium Theory: A Synthesis of Reconstructions”. Erkenntnis; V.30-#1/2, pp. 183-205.

 

-T. Requate (1991). “Once Again Pure Exchange Economies: A Critical View Towards the Structuralist Reconstructions by Balzer and Stegemüller”. Erkenntnis; V.34-#?, pp. 87-116.

 

-A. Vilks (1992). “A Set of Axioms for Neoclassical Economics and the Methodological Status of the Equilibrium Concept”. Economics and Philosophy; V.8-#1, pp. 51-

 

L. Nowak (1989). “On the (Idealizational) Structure of Economic Theories”. Erkenntnis; V.30-#1/2, pp. 225-246.

 

-M. Janssen (1994). “Economic Models and Their Application”. In B. Hamminga and N. De Marchi, eds. Idealization, VI: Idealization in Economics. Amsterdam: Rodopi, pp 101-116.

 

-M. Morgan (1996). “Idealization and Modeling: A Review of Bert Hamminga and Neil De Marchi(eds.) Idealization in Economics”. Journal of Economic Methodology; V.3-#?, pp. 131-148.

 

-W. Brock and S. Durlauf (1999). “A Formal Model of Theory Choice in Economics”. Economic Theory; V.14-#?, pp. 113-130.

 

-E. Klein (1998). Economic Theories and Their Relational Structures: A Model-Theoretic Characterization. New York: St. Martins.

 

2. Technology and Opportunity Cost in the Neoclassical Model

 

a. Neoclassical Technology

 

-R.W. Shepard (1970). Theory of Cost and Production Functions. Princeton: PUP.

 

-D. McFadden (1978). “Cost, Revenue and Profit Functions”. in M. Fuss and D. McFadden, eds. Production Economics: A Dual Approach to Theory and Applications. Amsterdam: North-Holland, V.1, pp. 3-109.

 

-M.I. Nadiri (1982). “Producers Theory”. Chapter 10 in K. Arrow and M. Intriligator, eds. Handbook of Mathematical Economics. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 431-490.

 

-R. Chambers (1988). Applied Production Analysis: A Dual Approach. Cambridge: CUP.

 

b. Production Sets

 

(1) Geometric Analysis for the 2x2 Case

 

-K. Savosnick (1958). “The Box Diagram and the Production Possibility Curve”. Ekonomisk Tidskrift; V.60-#?, pp. 186-188.

 

-J. Melvin (1971). “On the Derivation of the Production Possibility Curve”. Eca; V.38-#?, pp. 287-294.

 

-F.S.T. Hsiao (1971). “The Contract Curve and the Production Possibility Curve”. JPE; V.79-#?, pp. 919-923.

 

-W. Scarth and R. Warne (1973). “The Elasticity of Substitution and the Shape of the Transformation Curve”. Eca; V.40-#?, pp. 299-304.

 

-M. Krauss, H.G. Johnson and T. Skouras (1973). “On the Shape and Location of the Production Possibilities Curve”. Eca; V.40-#?, pp. 305-310.

 

-J.S. Lizondo, H.G. Johnson and Y.H. Yeh (1981). “Factor Intensities and the Shape of the Production Possibilities Curve”. Eca; V.48-#?, pp. 199-202.

 

-H.G. Johnson (1977). “A Note on the Geometry of the Two-by-Two General Equilibrium Model”. Eca; V.44-#?, pp. 71-75.

 

-R. Manning and J. Melvin (1992). “The Geometric Construction of Production Functions that are Consistent with an Arbitrary Production-Possibility Curve”. CJE; V.25-#2, pp. 492.

 

(2) General Analysis of Production Sets

 

-J. Quirk and R. Saposnik (1966). “Homogeneous Production Functions and Convexity of the Production Possibility Set”. Metroeconomica; V.18-#?, pp. 192-197.

 

-J. Kelly (1969). “Lancaster vs. Samuelson on the Shape of the Neoclassical Transformation Surface”. JET; V.1-#?, pp. 347-351.

 

-H. Herberg (1969). “On the Curvature of the Transformation Curve in the Case of Homogeneous Production Functions”. Zeitschrift für die Gesamte Staatswissenschaft; V.125-#?, pp. 202-210.

 

-C. Khang (1971). “The Strict Convexity of the Transformation Surface in the Case of Linear Homogeneous Production Functions: A General Case”. Etrica; V.39-#5, pp. 857-859.

 

-Y. Otani (1973). “Neoclassical Production Technology Sets and Properties of Produciton Possibility Sets”. Etrica; V.41-#?, pp. 667-682.

 

-C. Khang and Y. Uekawa (1973). “The Production Possibility Set in a Model Allowing Interindustry Flows: The Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for its Strict Convexity”. JIE; V.3-#?, pp. 283-390.

 

-D. Scheffman (1973). “Some Remarks on the Net Production Possibilities Curve in Models with Intermediate Goods”. JIE; V.3-#?, pp. 291-296.

 

-H. Herberg (1975). “On the Convexity of the Production Possibility Set under General Production Conditions”. Zeitschrift für die Gesamte Staatswissenschaft; V.129-#2, pp. 205-214.

 

-A.D. Woodland (1982). “The Production Sector”. Chapter 3 in International Trade and Resource Allocation. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 38-65.

 

-M. Kemp, ed. (1982). Production Sets. New York: Academic Press.

 

-M. Kemp, N.V. Long and M. Tawada (1985). “Sharp Points in Production Surfaces”. OEP; V.37-#?, pp. 375-381.

 

-T. Inoue (1984). “On the Shape of the Production Possibility Frontier with More Commodities than Primary Factors”. IER; V.25-#2, pp. 409-424.

 

-T. Inoue and L. Wegge (1986). “On the Geometry of the Production Possibility Frontier”. IER; V.27-#3, pp. 727-737.

 

-T. Inoue (1986). “On the Shape of the World Production Possibility Frontier with Three Goods and Two Primary Factors with and Without Capital Mobility”. IER; V.27-#3, pp. 707-726.

 

3. Demand, Preference Aggregation and Community Welfare

 

a. Individual Preference, Choice and Demand

 

(1) Surveys and Texts

 

-D. Katzner (1970). Static Demand Theory. New York: Macmillan.

 

-H.A.J. Green (1976). Consumer Theory. New York: Macmillan.

 

-A. Deaton and J. Muellbauer (1980). Economics and Consumer Behavior. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-A. Barton and V. Böhm (1982). “Consumer Theory”. Chapter 9 in K. Arrow and M. Intriligator, eds. Handbook of Mathematical Economics. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp.

 

-D. Kreps (1988). Notes on the Theory of Choice. Boulder: Westview.

 

(2) Individual preferences and utility functions

 

-F. Roberts (1979). Measurement Theory (Encyclopedia of Mathematics and Its Applications, V.7). Reading: Addison-Wesley

 

-G. Mehta (1983). “Recent Developments in Utility Theory”. Indian Economic Journal; V.30-#4, pp. 103-124.

 

-D. Bridges and G. Mehta (1995). Representational of Preference Orderings. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

 

-G. Mehta (1998). “Preference and Utility”. In S. Barberà, P. Hammond, and C. Seidl, eds. Handbook of Utility Theory, Volume 1. Dordrecht: Kluwer, pp. 1-47.

 

-H. Wold (1943/4). “A Synthesis of Pure Demand Theory”. Skandinavisk Actuarietidskrift; Part I: V.26-#?, pp. 85-118; Part II: V.26-#?, pp. 220-263; Part III: V.27-#?, pp. 69-120.

 

-S. Eilenberg (1941). “Ordered Topological Spaces”. American Journal of Mathematics; V.63-#?, pp. 39-45.

 

-G. Debreu (1954). “Representation of a Preference Ordering by a Numerical Function”. In R. Thrall, C. Coombs, and R. Davis, eds. Decision Processes. New York: Wiley, Pp. 159-165.

 

-G. Debreu (1964). “Continuity Properties of Paretian Utility”. IER; V.5-#?, pp. 285-293.

 

-R. Bowen (1968). “A New Proof of a Theorem in Utility Theory”. IER; V.9-#3, pg. 374.

 

-J.-Y. Jaffray (1975). “Existence of a Continuous Utility Function: An Elementary Proof”. Econometrica; V.43-#5/6, pp. 981-983.

 

-A.F. Beardon (1992). “Debreu’s Gap Theorem”. Economic Theory; V.2-#?, pp. 150-152.

 

-I. Fleischer (1961). “Numerical Representation of Utility”. Journal of the Society of Industrial and Applied Mathematics; V.9-#1, pp. 48-50.

 

-H. Sonnenschein (1965). “The Relationship between Transitive Preference and the Structure of the Choice Space”. Econometrica; V.33-#3, pp. 624-634. [comment by Lorimer and Reply, V.35-#3/4, pp. 537-541.

 

-T. Rader (1963). “On the Existence of Utility Functions to Represent Preferences”. Review of Economic Studies; V.30-#?, pp. 229-232.

 

-G. Mehta (1997). “A Remark on a Utility Representation Theorem of Rader”. Economic Theory; V.9-#?, pp. 367-370.

 

-B. Peleg (1970). “Utility Functions for Partially Ordered Topological Spaces”. Econometrica; V.38-#1, pp. 93-96.

 

-L.-F. Lee (1972). “The Theorems of Debreu and Peleg for Ordered Topological Spaces”. Econometrica; V.40-#6, pp. 1151-1153.

 

-G. Mehta (1977). “A Comment on Peleg’s Theorem”. Economic Analysis and Policy; V.7-#2, pp. 53-57.

 

-G. Mehta (1983). “Order-Separable Spaces”. Economics Letters; V.12-#?, pp. 49-51.

 

-G. Mehta (1983). “Ordered Topological Spaces and the Theorems of Debreu and Peleg”. Indian Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics; V.14-#9, pp. 1174-1182.

 

-J.-Y. Jaffray (1975). “Semicontinuous Extension of a Partial Order”. Journal of Mathematical Economics; V.2-#?, pp. 395-406.

 

D. Sonderman (1980). “Utility Representations for Partial Orders”. Journal of Economic Theory; V.23-#?, pp. 183-188.

 

K. Arrow and F. Hahn (1971). “Utility Functions”. Chapter 2/Section 1 of General Competitive Ananlysis. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 82-87.

 

E. Glustoff (1975). “On Continuous Utility: The Euclidean Distance Approach”. Quarterly Journal of Economics; V.89-#?, pp. 512-517.

 

G. Mehta (1991). “The Euclidean Distance Approach to Continuous Utility Functions”. Quarterly Journal of Economics; V.106-#?, pp. 975-977.

 

A. Beardon and G. Mehta (1994). “The Utility Theorems of Wald, Debreu and Arrow-Hahn”. Econometrica; V.62-#1, pp. 181-186.

 

A. Beardon (1997). “Utility Representation of Continuous Preferences”. Economic Theory; V.10-#?, pp. 369-372.

 

(3) Revealed Preference, Integrability and Demand

 

-P. Samuelson (1948). “Consumption Theory in Terms of Revealed Preference”. Etrica; V.15-#?, pp. 243-253.

 

-H. Houthaker (1950). “Revealed Preference and the Utility Function”. Eca; V.17-#66, pp. 159-174.

 

-P. Samuelson (1950). “The Problem of Integrability in Demand Theory”. Eca; V.17-#68, pp. 355-385.

 

-T. Yokoyama (1953). “A Logical Foundation of the Theory of Consumer’s Demand”. Osaka Economic Papers; V.2-#?, pp. 71-79.

 

-D. Gale (1970). “A Note on Revealed Preference”. Economica; 27-#?, pp. 348-354.

 

-W. Gorman (1971). “Preference, Revealed Preference, and Indifference”. Chapter 5 in J. Chipman, et al. Preferences, Utility and Demand. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanocvich, pp. 81-113.

 

-H. Uzawa (1971). “Preference and Rational Choice in the Theory of Consumption”. Chapter 1 in J. Chipman, et al. Preferences, Utility and Demand. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanocvich, pp. 7-28.

 

-K. Arrow (1959). “Rational Choice Functions and Orderings”. Eca; V.26-#102, pp. 121-127.

 

-M. Richter (1966). “Revealed Preference Theory”. Econometrica; V.34-#3, pp. 635-645.

 

-M. Richter (1971). “Rational Choice”. Chapter 2 In J. Chipman, et al. Preferences, Utility and Demand. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanocvich, pp. 29-58.

 

-B. Hansson (1968). “Fundamental Axioms for Preference Relations”. Synthese; V.18-#?, pp. 423-442.

 

-B. Hansson (1968). “Choice Structures and Preference Relations”. Synthese; V.18-#?, pp. 443-458.

 

-L. Hurwicz (1971). “On the Problem of Integrability of Demand Functions”. Chpater 9 in J. Chipman, et al. Preferences, Utility and Demand. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanocvich, pp. 174-214.

 

-L. Hurwicz and H. Uzawa (1971). “On the Integrability of Demand Functions”. Chapter 6 in J. Chipman, et al. Preferences, Utility and Demand. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanocvich, pp. 114-148.

 

-H. Sonnenschein (1971). “On the Lower Semicontinuity of Functions Derived from Demand Data”. Chapter 4 in J. Chipman, et al. Preferences, Utility and Demand. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanocvich, pp. 77-80.

 

-H. Sonnenschein (1971). “On the Continuity of Demand Functions Which Satisfy the Strong Axiom of Revealed Preference”. Chapter 13 in J. Chipman, et al. Preferences, Utility and Demand. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanocvich, pp. 271-275.

 

-J. Chipman and J. Moore (1977). “Continuity and Uniqueness in Revealed Preference”. Journal of Economic Theory; V.4-#?, pp. 139-162.

 

-M. Richter (1979). “Duality and Rationality”. Journal of Economic Theory; V.20-#2, pp. 131-181.

 

-L. Hurwicz and M. Richter (1979). “Ville Axioms and Consumer Theory”. Econometrica; V.47-#3, pp. 603-619.

 

-L. Hurwicz and M. Richter (1979). “An Integrability Condition with Applications to Utility Theory and Thermodynamics”. Journal of Mathematical Economics; V.6-#1, pp. 7-14

 

-A. Sen (1971). “Choice Functions and Revealed Preference”. REStud; V.38-#3, pp. 307-317.

 

-H. Herzberger (1973). “Ordinal Preference and Rational Choice”. Econometrica; V.41-#2, pp. 187237

 

-D. Jamison and L. Lau (1973). “Semiorders and the Theory of Choice”. Econometrica; V.41-#5, pp. 901-912.

 

-K. Suzumura (1976). “Rational Choice and Revealed Preference”. Review of Economic Studies; V.43-#1, pp. 149-158.

 

-T. Schwartz (1976). “Choice Functions, ‘Rationality’ Conditions, and Variations on the Weak Axiom of Revealed Preference”. JET; V.13-#3, pp. 414-427.

 

-T. Smith (1974). “On the Existence of the Most Preferred Alternative”. International Economic Review; V.15-#?, pp. 184-194.

 

-J. Chipman (1971). “Consumption Theory without Transitive Indifference”. in J. Chipman, et al. Preferences, Utility and Demand. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanocvich, pp. 224-253.

 

-H. Sonnenschein (1971). “Demand Theory without Transitive Preferences, with Application to General Equilibrium Theory”. Chapter 10 in J. Chipman, et al. Preferences, Utility and Demand. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, pp. 215-223.

 

-D. Gale and A. Mas-Colell (1975). “A Short Proof of Existence of Equilibrium Without Ordered Preferences”. Journal of Mathematical Economics; V.2-#1, pp. 9-15.

 

-T. Bergstrom (1975). “Maximal Elements of Acyclic Relations on Compact Sets”. Journal of Economic Theory; V.10-#?, pp. 403-404.

 

-A. Mukherji (1977). “The Existence of Choice Functions”. Econometrica; V.45-#4, pp. 889-894.

 

-R. Kilhstrom, A. Mas-Colell, and H. Sonnenschein (1976). “The Demand Theory of the Weak Axiom of Revealed Preference”. Econometrica; V.44-#5, pp. 971-978.

 

Kehoe, Timothy and Andreu Mas-Colell (1984). “An Observation on Gross Substitutability and the Weak Axiom of Revealed Preference”. Economics Letters; V.15-#?, pp. 241-243.

 

Hildenbrand, Werner and Michael Jerison (1989). “The Demand Theory of the Weak Axioms of Revealed Preference”. EcLets; V.29-#3, pp. 209-213.

 

Bossert, Walter (1993). “Continuous Choice Functions and the Strong Axiom of Revealed Preference”. Economic Theory; V.3-#2, pp. 379-385.

 

Peters, Hans And Peter Wakker (1994). “WARP does not Imply SARP for More than Two Commodities”. Journal of Economic Theory; V.62-#?, pp. 152-160.

 

Blackorby, Charles, Walter Bossert, and Donald Donaldson (1995). “Multivalued Demand and Rational Choice in the Two-Commodity Case”. Economics Letters; V.47-#1, pp. 5-10.

 

Bossert, Walter (2001). “Choices, Consequences and Rationality”. Synthese; V.129-#3, pp. 343-369.

 

-S. Afriat (1966). “The Construction of a Utility Function from Expenditure Data”. International Economic Review; V.8-#1, pp. 67-77.

 

-S. Afriat (1973). “On a System of Inequalities in Demand Analysis: An Extension of the Classical Method”. International Economic Review; V.14-#2, pp. 460-472.

 

-W.E. Diewert (1973). “Afriat and Revealed Preference Theory”. Review of Economic Studies; V.40-#3, pp. 419-426.

 

-H. Varian (1982). “The Nonparametric Approach to Demand Analysis”. Econometrica; V.50-#4, pp. 945-973.

 

-Chiappori, P.-A. and J.-C. Rochet (1987). Revealed Preferences and Differentiable Demand”. Econometrica; V.55-#?, pp. 687-691.

 

-R. Matzkin and M. Richter (1991). “Testing Strictly Concave Rationality”. Journal of Economic Theory; V.53-#2, pp. 287-303.

 

-Y. Kannai (1977). “Concavifiability and Constructions of Concave Utility Functions”. Journal of Mathematical Economics; V.4-#1, pp. 1-56.

 

-Y. Kannai (1981). “Concave Utility Functions–Existence, Constructions, and Cardinality”. In S. Shaible and W. Ziemba, eds. Generalized Concavity in Optimization and Economics. New York: Academic Press, pp. 543-611.

 

-Y. Kannai (1985). “Engel Curves, Marginal Utility of Income, and Concavifiable Preferences”. In W. Hildenbrand and A. Mas-Colell, eds. Contributions to Mathematical Economics. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 295-311.

 

-L. Hurwicz, J. Jordan and Y. Kannai (1987). “On the Demand Generated by a Smooth and Concavifiable Preference Relation”. Journal of Mathematical Economics; V.16-#?, pp. 169-189.

 

-Y. Kannai (1989). “A Characterization of Monotone Individual Demand Functions”. Journal of Mathematical Economics; V.18-#?, pp. 87-94.

 

-Y. Kannai (2004). “When is Individual Demand Concavifiable?”. Journal of Mathematical Economics; V.40-#1/2, pp. 59-69.

 

(4) Rationality as Consistency

 

-T. Schwartz (1970). “Rationality and the Myth of the Maximum”. Theory and Decision; V.1-#?, pp. 97-117.

 

-T. Moe (1979). “On the Scientific Status of Rational Models”. AJPS; V.23-#1, pp. 215-243.

 

-Sen, Amartya (1973). “Behavior and the Concept of Preference”. Economica; V.40-#?, pp. 241-259.

 

-Sen, Amartya (1977). “Rational Fools: A Critique of the Behavioral Foundations of Economic Theory”. Philosophy and Public Affairs;

 

-Simon, Herbert (1976). “From Substantive to Procedural Rationality”. In S. Latsis. Ed. Method and Appraisal in Economics. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 129-148.

 

-G. Stigler and G. Becker (1977). “De Gustibus Non Est Disputandum”. AER; V.67-#2, pp. 76-90.

 

-Parfit, Derek (1984). Reasons and Persons. Oxford: OUP.

 

-Schick, Frederic (1984). Having Reasons: An Essay on Rationality and Sociality. Princeton: PUP.

 

-Schick, Frederic (1991). Understanding Action: An Essay on Reasons. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-R. Sugden (1985). “Why Be Consistent? A Critical Analysis of Consistency Requirements in Choice Theory”. Economica; V.52-#?, pp. 167-184.

 

-J. Broome (1989). “Should Preferences Be Consistent?”. Economics and Philosophy; V.5-#1, pp. 7-17.

 

-R. Thaler (1987). “The Psychology of Choice and the Assumptions of Economics”. In A. Roth, ed. Laboratory Experimentation in Economics: Six Points of View. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 99-130.

 

-Bratman, Michael (1987). Intention, Plans and Practical Reason. Cambridge: Harvard university Press.

 

-Hollis, Martin (1987). The Cunning of Reason. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-Hargreaves Heap, Shaun (1989). Rationality in Economics. Oxford: Blackwell.

 

-M. Slote (1989). Beyond Optimizing. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

 

-Cook, Karen and Margaret Levi, eds. (1990). The Limits of Rationality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

 

-A. Sen (1997). “Maximization and the Act of Choice”. Econometrica; V.65-#?, pp. 745-779.

 

b. Preference Aggregation: Problems and Resolutions

 

-A. Kirman (1992). “Whom or What Does the Representative Individual Represent?”. Journal of Economic Perspectives; V.6-#2, pp. 117-136.

 

-E. Tower (1979). “The Geometry of Community Indifference Curves”. WA; V.115-#4, pp. 680-699.

 

-P. Samuelson (1956). “Social Indifference Curves”. QJE; V.70-#1, pp. 1-22.

 

-W. Gorman (1959). “Are Social Indifference Curves Convex?”. QJE; V.73-#?, pp. 485-496.

 

-T. Negishi (1963). “On Social Welfare Function”. QJE; V.77-#?, pp. 156-158.

 

-J. Vanek (1965). “A Rehabilitation of `Well-Behaved ‘Social Indifference Curves’”. Appendix to Chapter IV of General Equilibrium of International Discrimination. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, pp. 83-87.

 

-J. Dow and H. Sonnenschein (1986). “Samuelson and Chipman-Moore on Utility-Generated Community Demand”. In M. Peston and R. Quandt, eds. Prices, Competition and Equilibrium. Oxford: Philip Allan, Pp. 1-6.

 

-J. Chipman and J. Moore (1979). “On Social Welfare Functions and the Aggregation of Preferences”. JET; V.21-#?, pp. 157-172.

 

-H. Varian (1984). “Social Indifference Curves and Aggregate Demand”. QJE; V.99-#3, pp. 403-414.

 

-J. Dow and S.R. da Costa Werlang (1988). “The Consistence of Welfare Judgements with a Representative Consumer”. JET; V.44-#?, pp. 269-280.

 

-M. Jerison (1994). “Optimal Income Distribution Rules and Representative Consumers”. REStud; V.61-#4, pp. 739-771.

 

-W. Gorman (1953). “Community Preference Fields”. Etrica; V.22-#?, pp. 63-80.

 

-W. Gorman (19??). “On A Class of Preference Fields”. Metroeconomica; V.13-#?, pp. 53-56.

 

-J. Muelbauer (1975). “Aggregation, Income Distribution and Consumer Demand”. REStud; V.42-#?, pp. 525-543.

 

-J. Muelbauer (1976). “Community Preferences and the Representative Consumer”. Etrica; V.44-#?, pp. 979-999.

 

-W.E. Diewert (1980). “Symmetry Conditions for Market Demand Functions”. REStud; V.47-#?, pp. 595-601.

 

-A. Lewbel (1989). “Exact Aggregation and A Representative Consumer”. QJE; V.?-#?, pp. 621-633.

 

-L. Lau (1982). “A Note on the Fundamental Theorem of Aggregation”. EcLets; V.9-#?, pp. 119-126.

 

-D. Jorgenson (1990). “Aggregate Consumer Behavior and the Measurement of Social Welfare”. Etrica; V.58-#5, pp. 1007-1040.

 

-E. Eisenberg (1961). “Aggregation of Utility Functions”. Management Science; V.7-#?, pp. 337-350.

 

-L. Hurwicz and H. Uzawa (1971). “On the Integrability of Demand Functions”. In J. Chipman, et al. eds. Preferences, Utility and Demand. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, pp. 114-148.

 

-J. Chipman (1974). “Homothetic Preferences and Aggregation”. JET; V.8-#?, pp. 26-38.

 

-W. Shafer (1977). “Revealed Preference and Aggregation”. Etrica; V.45-#?, pp. 1173-1182.

 

-Y. Kannai (1977). “Concavifiability and Constructions of Concave Utility Functions”. JMathE; V.4-#1, pp. 1-56.

 

-Y. Kannai and R. Mantel (1979). “Non-Convexifiable Pareto Sets”. Etrica; V.46-#3, pp. 571-575.

 

-G. Chichilnisky and G. Heal (1983). “Community Preferences and Social Choice”. JMathE; V.12-#?, pp. 33-61.

 

-H. Polemarchakis (1985). “Homotheticity and the Aggregation of Consumer Demands”. QJE; V.98-#2, pp. 363-369.

 

-D. Saari (1992). “The Aggregate Excess Demand Function and Other Aggregation Procedures”. Economic Theory; V.2-#3, pp. 359-388

 

-D. Saari (1995). “A Chaotic Exploration of Aggregation Paradoxes”. SIAM Review; V.37-#1, pp. 37-52.

 

-C. Blackorby, R. Davidson, and W. Schworm (1991). “Implicit Separability: Characterization and Implications for Consumer Demands”. JET; V.55-#?, pp. 364-399.

 

-C. Blackorby and W. Schworm (1993). “The Implications of Additive Community Preferences in a Multi-Consumer Economy”. REStud; V.60-#?, pp. 209-227.

 

c. General Properties of Excess Demand Functions and Comparative Statics for GE

 

(1) Overviews

 

-R. Mantel (1977). “Implications of Microeconomic Theory for Community Excess Demand Functions”. in M. Intriligator, ed. Frontiers of Quantitative Economics, V.IIIA. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 111-126.

 

-W. Shafer and H. Sonnenschein (1982). “Market Demand and Excess Demand Functions”. Chapter 14 in K. Arrow and M. Intriligator, eds. Handbook of Mathematical Economics. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 671-693.

 

-A. Kirman (1989). “The Intrinsic Limits of Modern Economic Theory: The Emperor Has No Clothes”. EJ; V.99-Conference, pp. 126-139.

 

-D. Saari (1995). “The Mathematical Complexity of Simple Economies”. Notices of the American Mathematical Society; V.42-#2, pp. 222-230.

 

-I. Ekland (2000). “Testable Consequences of Economic Theory”. Decisions in Economics and Finance; V.23-#1, pp. 1-13.

 

(2) Main Sonnenschein-Debreu-Mantel Results

 

(a)Global Results

 

-H. Sonnenschein (1973). “Do Walras' Indentity and Continuity Characterize the Class of Community Excess Demand Functions?”. JET; V.6-#4, pp. 345-354.

 

-R. Mantel (1974). “On the Characterization of Aggregate Excess Demand”. JET; V.7-#3, pp. 348-353.

 

-G. Debreu (1974). “Excess Demand Functions”. JMathE; V.1-#1, pp. 15-23.

 

-J. Geanakoplos (1984). “Utility Functions for Debreu’s ‘Excess Demands’”. Journal of Mathematical Economics; V.13-#1, pp. 1-9.

 

-K.C. Wong (1998). “Characterizing C2 Aggregate Excess Demand Functions”. Economic Theory; V.12-#1, pp. 177-188.

 

-D. McFadden, A. Mas-Colell, R. Mantel and M. Richter (1974). “A Characterization of Excess Demand Functions”. JET; V.9-#4, pp. 361-374.

 

-R. Mantel (1979). “Homothetic Preferences and Community Excess Demand Functions”. JET; V.12-#2, pp. 197-201.

 

-A. Kirman and K.-J. Koch (1986). “Market Excess Demand in Exchange Economies with Collinear Endowments”. Review of Economic Studies; V.53-#3, pp. 457-463.

 

-Y. Balasko (1986). “The Class of Aggregate Excess Demand Functions”. In W. Hildenbrand and A. Mas-Colell, eds. Contributions to Mathematical Economics in Honor of Gerard Debreu. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 47-56.

 

-M. Kemp and K. Shimomura (2002). “The Sonnenschein-Debreu-Mantel Proposition and the Theory of International Trade”. RIE; V.10-#4, pp. 671-679.

 

-D. Saari (1992). “The Aggregate Excess Demand Function and Other Aggregation Procedures”. Economic Theory; V.2-#3, pp. 359-388.

 

-D. Saari (1995). “A Chaotic Exploration of Aggregation Paradoxes”. SIAM Review; V.37-#1, pp. 37-52.

 

-A. Mas-Colell and W. Neuefeind (1977). “Some Generic Properties of Aggregate Excess Demand and An Application”. Econometrica; V.45-#3, pp. 591-599.

 

(b) Results at a Point

 

-W.E. Diewert (1977). “Generalized Slutsky Conditions for Aggregate Consumer Demand Functions”. JET; V.15-#2, pp. 353-362.

 

-J. Geanakoplos and H. Polemarchakis (1980). “On the Disaggregation of Excess Demand Functions”. Etrica; V.48-#2, pp. 315-331.

 

-H. Polemarchakis (1981). “Constrained Excess Demand Functions”. JET; V.25-#3, pp. 323-337.

 

-H. Polemarchakis (1983). “Disaggregation of Excess Demand under Additive Separability”. EER; V.20-#1/3, pp. 311-318.

 

-H. Polemarchakis (1983). “On the Disaggregation of Excess Demand Functions when Prices and Aggregate Demand Vary Independently”. EER; V.20-#1/3, pp. 217-239.

 

-P. Chiappori and I. Ekeland (2004). “Individual Excess Demands”. Journal of Mathematical Economics; V.40-#1/2, pp. 41-57.

 

-Pierre-André Chiappor, Ivar Ekeland, and Martin Browning (1999). “Local Disaggregation of Demand and Excess Demand Functions: A New Question”. Ms: University of Chicago.

 

(3) Equilibrium Price Sets

 

-H. Sonnenschein (1972). “Market Excess Demand Functions”. Etrica; V.40-#3, pp. 549-563.

 

-A. Mas-Colell (1977). “The Equilibrium Price Set of an Exchange Economy”. Journal of Mathematical Economics; V.4-#2, pp. 117-126.

 

-K.C. Wong (1997). “Excess Demand Functions, Equilibrium Prices, and Existence of Equilibrium”. Economic Theory; V.10-#1, pp. 39-54.

 

-M. Richter and K.C. Wong (1999). “Non-Computability of Competitive Equilibrium”. Economic Theory; V.14-#1, pp. 1-27.

 

(4) Market Demand Functions

 

-H. Sonnenschein (1973). “The Utility Hypothesis and Market Demand Theory”. Western Economic Journal; V.11-#4, pp.404-410.

 

-D. McFadden, A. Mas-Colell, R. Mantel and M. Richter (1974). “A Characterization of Excess Demand Functions”. JET; V.9-#4, pp. 361-374. [section 3]

 

-W.E. Diewert (1977). “Generalized Slutsky Conditions for Aggregate Consumer Demand Functions”. JET; V.15-#2, pp. 353-362.

 

-J. Andreu (1982). “Rationalization of Market Demand on Finite Domains”. JET; V.28-#1, pp. 201-204.

 

-Pierre-André Chiappori and Ivar Ekeland (1999). “Aggregation and Market Demand : An Exterior Differential Calculus Viewpoint”. Econometrica, V.67-#6, pp. 1435-1458.

 

(5) Market Excess Demand Functions with Incomplete Markets

 

-J. Bottazzi and T. Hens (1996). “On Market Excess Demand Functions with Incomplete Markets”. JET; V.68-#1, pp. 49-63.

 

-P. Gottardi and T. Hens (1999). “Disaggregation of Excess Demand and Comparative Statics with Incomplete Markets and Nominal Assets”. Economic Theory; V.13-#2, pp. 287-308.

 

-Pierre-André Chiappori and Ivar Ekeland (1999). “Disaggregation of Excess Demand Functions in Incomplete Markets”. Journal Of Mathematical Economics; V.31-#1, pp. 111-129. [Corrigendum, (2000), V.33-#4, pp. 531-532.]

.

-P. Gottardi and A. Mas-Colell (2000). “A Note on the Decomposition (at a point) of Aggregate Excess Demand on the Grassmanian”. Journal of Mathematical Economics; V.33-#4, pp. 463-473.

 

-T. Hens (2001). “An Extension of Mantel (1976) to Incomplete Markets”. Journal of Mathematical Economics; V.36-#2, pp. 141-149.

 

-Momi, Takeshi (2003). “Excess Demand Functions with Incomplete Markets–A Global Result”. Journal of Economic Theory; V.111-#?, pp. 240-250.

 

d. Gross Substitutability, WARP and Aggregate Demand

 

-V. Polterovich and V. Spivak (1983). “Gross Substitutability of Point-to-Set Correspondences”. Journal of Mathematical Economics; V.11-#2, pp. 117-140.

 

Freixas, Xavier and Andreu Mas-Colell (1987). “Engel Curves Leading to the Weak Axiom in the Aggregate”. Etrica; V.55-#3, pp. 515-531.

 

Hildenbrand, Werner (1989). “The Weak Axiom of Revealed Preferences for Market Demand is Strong”. Econometrica; V.57-#4, pp. 979-987.

 

Hildenbrand, Werner and Michael Jerison (1989). “The Demand Theory of the Weak Axiom of Revealed Preference”. Economics Letters; V.29-#?, pp. 209-213.

 

Grodal, Birgit and Werner Hildenbrand (1989). “The Weak Axiom of Revealed Preference in a Productive Economy”. REStud; V.56-#4, pp. 635-639.

 

Kannai, Yakkar (1989). “A Characterization of Monotonic Individual Demand Functions”. JMathE; V.18-#1, pp. 87-94.

 

Mas-Colell, Andreu (1991). “On the Uniqueness of Equilibrium Once Again”. In W. Barnett, et al., eds. Equilibrium Theory and Applications. Cambridge: CUP.

 

Kehoe, Timothy (1992). “Gross Substitutability and the Weak Axiom of Revealed Preference”. Journal of Mathematical Economics; V.21-#1, pp. 37-50.

 

-R.A. Dana (1995). “An Extension of Milleron, Mitjushin, and Polterovich’s Result”. JMathE; V.24-#3, pp. 259-269.

 

Nachbar, John (2002). “General Equilibrium Comparative Statics”. Econometrica; V.70-#5, pp. 2065-2974.

 

Nachbar, John (2004). “General Equilibrium Comparative Statics: Discrete Shocks in Production Economies”. Journal of Mathematical Economics; V.40-#1/2, pp. 153-163.

 

Quah, John K.H. (1999). “The Weak Axiom and Comparative Statics”. Nuffield College Working Paper #1999-W15.

 

Quah, John K.H. (2001). “Comparative Statics and the Weak Axiom”. Nuffield College Working Paper #2001-W3.

 

Quah, John K.H. (2003). “Market Demand and Comparative Statics when Goods are Normal”. Journal of Mathematical Economics; V.39-#?, pp. 317-333.

 

e. Distribution of Preferences and the Law of Demand

 

Hildenbrand, Werner (1994). Market Demand. Princeton: PUP.

 

Stoker, Thomas (1993). “Empirical Approaches to the Problem of Aggregation Over Individuals”. JEL; V.31-#4, pp., 1827-1874.

 

Hildenbrand, Werner (1983). “On the Law of Demand”. Etrica; V.51-#4, pp. 997-1019.

 

Chiappori, Pierre-André (1985). “Distribution of Income and the ‘Law of Demand’”. Etrica; V.53-#1, pp. 109-127.

 

Hildenbrand, Werner (1989). “Facts and Ideas in Economic Theory”. EER; V.33-#2/3, pp. 251-276.

 

Jerison, Michael (1994). “Optimal Income Distribution Rules and Representative Consumers”. Review of Economic Studies V.61-#4, pp. 739-771.

 

Grandmont, Jean-Michel (1987). “Distributions of Preferences and the Law of Demand”. Etrica; V.55-#?, pp. 155-162.

 

Grandmont, Jean-Michel (1992). “Transformations of the Commodity Space, Behavioral Heterogeneity, and the Aggregation Problem”. JET; V.57-#1, pp. 1-35.

 

Giraud, Gael and John Quah (2003). “Homothetic or Cobb-Douglas Behavior Through Aggregation”. Contributions to Theoretical Economics; V.3-#1, article 8.

 

Marhuenda, F. (1995). “Distribution of Income and Aggregation of Demand”. Econometrica; V.63-#3, pp. 647-666.

 

Jerison, Michael (1999). “Dispersed Excess Demands, the Weak Axiom and Uniqueness of Equilibrium”. JMathE; V.31-#1, pp. 15-48.

 

Grodal, Birgit (1992). “On Distributional Assumptions in Demand Theory”. Nationalokonomisk Tidsskrift, V.130-#2, pp. 327-337.

 

Quah, John (1997). “The Law of Demand when Income is Price Dependent”. Etrica; V.65-#?, pp. 1421-1442.

 

Nachbar, John (1998). “The Last Word On Giffen Goods?”. ET; V.11-#2, pp. 403-412.

 

Quah, John (2000). “The Monotonicity of Individual and Market Demand”. Etrica; V.68-#4, pp. 911-930.

 

Hildenbrand, Werner (1998). “How Relevant are Specifications of Behavioral Relations on the Micro-Level for Modelling the Time Path of Population Aggregates?”. EER; V.42-#3/5, pp. 437-458.

 

Kneip, Alois (1999). “Behavioral Heterogeneity and Structural Properties of Demand”. JMathE; V.31-#1, pp. 49-79.

 

Hildenbrand, Werner and Alois Kneip (1999). “Demand Aggregation under Structural Stability”. JMathE; V.31-#1, pp. 81-109.

 

f. Brown-Matzkin, etc.

 

(1) Complete Markets

 

-A. Carvajal, I. Ray and S. Snyder (2004). “Equilibrium Behavior in Markets and Games”. Journal of Mathematical Economics; V.40-#1/2, pp. 1-40.

 

-D. Brown and R. Matzkin (1996). “Testable Restrictions on the Equilibrium Manifold”. Econometrica; V.64-#?, pp. 1249-1262.

 

-D. Brown and C. Shannon (2000). “Uniqueness, Stability, and Comparative Statics in Rationalizable Walrasian Markets”. Econometrica; V.68-#6, pp. 1529-1539.

 

-Snyder, Susan (2004). “Observable Implications of Equilibrium on Finite Data”. Journal of Mathematical Economics; V.40-#1/2, pp. 165-176.

 

-Pierre-André Chiappori, Ivar Ekeland, Felix Kübler and Heraklis Polemarchakis (2004). “Testable Implications of General Equilibrium Theory: A Differentiable Approach”. Journal of Mathematical Economics; V.40-#1/2, pp. 105-119.

 

-Pierre-André Chiappori and Ivar Ekeland (1999). “Identifying the Economy from the Equilibrium Manifold: Can You Recover the Invisible Hand?”. ms: University of Chicago.

 

-Pierre-André Chiappori, Ivar Ekeland, Felix Kübler, and Heraklis Polemarchakis (1999). “The Identification of Preferences from Equilibrium Prices”. CORE Discussion Paper; #00/24.

 

-Pierre-André Chiappori, Ivar Ekeland, Felix Kübler and Heraklis Polemarchakis (2000). “Aggregation and the Structure of the Equilibrium Manifold”. Ms: University of Chicago.

 

-Yves Balasko and Mich Tvede (2002). “The Geometry of Finite Equilibrium Data Sets”. Ms: CERAS.

 

-Yves Balasko and Mich Tvede (2003). “Individual Preferences Compatible with a Finite Number of Equilibrium Data: A Linear Programming Characterization”. Ms: CERAS.

 

-Yves Balasko (2003). “The Equilibrium Manifold Keeps the Memory of Individual Demand Functions”. Ms: CERAS.

 

(2) Uncertainty/Incomplete Markets

 

-Felix Kübler, Pierre-André Chiappori, Ivar Ekeland, and Heraklis Polemarchakis (2002). “The Identification of Preferences from Equilibrium Prices under Uncertainty”. JET; V.102-#2, pp. 403-420.

 

-F. Kübler (2003). “Observable Restrictions of General Equilibrium Models with Financial Markets”. Journal of Economic Theory, V.110-#?, pp. 137–153.

 

-F. Kübler (2004). “Is Intertemporal Choice Theory Testable?”. Journal of Mathematical Economics; V.40-#1/2, pp. 177-189.

 

-A. Carvajal (2004). “Testable Restrictions on the Equilibrium Manifold under Random Preferences”. Journal of Mathematical Economics; V.40-#1/2, pp. 121-143.

 

-T. Krebs (2004). “Testable Implications of Consumption-based Asset Pricing Models with Incomplete Markets”. Journal of Mathematical Economics; V.40-#1/2, pp. 191-206.

 

4. Topological Approaches to General Equilibrium

 

a. Existence

 

-G. Debreu (1982). “Existence of Competitive Equilibrium”. Chapter 15 in K. Arrow and M. Intriligator, eds. Handbook of Mathematical Economics. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 697-743.

 

-E.R. Weintraub (1983). “On the Existence of a Competitive Equilibrium: 1930-1954". JEL; V.21-#1, pp. 1-39.

 

-M.A. Khan (1993). “Lionel McKenzie on the Existence of Competitive Equilibrium”. in R. Becker, M. Boldrin, R. Jones and W. Thomson, eds. General Equilibrium, Growth, and Trade II. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 3-50.

 

-G. Debreu (1998). “Existence”. In A. Kirman, ed. Elements of General Equilibrium Analysis. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 10-37.

 

-K. Arrow and G. Debreu (1954). “Existence of an Equilibrium for a Competitive Economy”. Etrica; V.22-#?, pp. 265-290.

 

-D. Gale (1955). “The Law of Supply and Demand”. Mathematica Scandinavia; V.3-#?, pp. 155-169.

 

-H. Kuhn (1956). “A Note on ‘The Law of Supply and Demand’”. Mathematica Scandinavica; V.4-#?, pp. 143-156.

 

-L. McKenzie (1955). “Competitive Equilibrium with Dependent Consumer Preferences”. in The Second Symposium on Linear Programming. Washington, DC: National Bureau of Standards and Department of the Air Force.

 

-L. McKenzie (1959). “On The Existence of General Equilibrium for a Competitive Market”. Etrica; V.27-#?, pp. 54-71.

 

-G. Debreu (1962). “New Concepts and Techniques for Equilibrium Analysis”. IER; V.3-#?, pp. 257-273.

 

-L. McKenzie (1981). “The Classical Theorem on Existence of Competitive Equilibrium”. Etrica; V.49-#4, pp. 819-841.

 

-J. Geanakoplos (2003). “Nash and Walras Equilibrium via Brouwer”. Economic Theory; V.21-#?, pp. 585-603.

 

-A. Mas-Colell (1974). “An Equilibrium Existence Theorem without Complete or Transitive Preferences”. JMathE; V.1-#?, pp. 237-246.

 

-W. Shafer and H. Sonnenschein (1975). “Some Theorems on the Existence of Competitive Equilibrium”. JET; V.11-#?, pp. 83-93.

 

b. Computation of Equilibrium

 

-H. Scarf (1967). “On the Computation of Equilibrium Prices”. in Ten Studies in the Tradition of Irving Fisher. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

 

-H. Scarf with T. Hansen (1973). The Computation of Economic Equilibria. New Haven: Yale University Press.

 

-H. Scarf, with J.-J. Herrings (1998). “The Computation of Equilibrium Prices”. In A. Kirman, ed. Elements of General Equilibrium Analysis. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 88-138.

 

-H. Kuhn (1986). “How to Compute Economic Equilibria by Pivotal Methods”. in S. Reiter, ed. Studies in Mathematical Economics. Washington, DC: American Mathematical Association, pp. 199-218.

 

-J. Shoven, J. Whalley and W. Wiegard (1992). “Computing General Equilibrium”. Chapter 3 in J. Shoven and J. Whalley, Applying General Equilibrium. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 37-68.

 

-V. Ginsburgh and M. Keyzer (1997). “Competitive Equilibrium”. Chapter 1 of The Structure of Applied General Equilibrium Models. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 1-33.

 

c. Uniqueness

 

-K. Arrow and F. Hahn (1971). “The Uniqueness of Competitive Equilibrium”. Chapter 9 in General Competitive Analysis. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 207-244.

 

-T. Kehoe (1998). “Uniqueness and Stability”. In A. Kirman, ed. Elements of General Equilibrium Analysis. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 38-87.

 

-D. Gale and H. Nikaido (1965). “The Jacobian Matrix and the Global Univalence of Mappings”. Mathematische Annalen, V.159-#2, pp. 81-93.

 

-H. Nikaido (1968). “The Jacobian Matrix and Global Univalence”. Chapter VII in Convex Structures and Economic Analysis. New York: Academic Press, pp. 355-392.

 

-I. Pearce and J. Wise (1973). “On the Uniqueness of Competitive Equilibrium: Part I, Unbounded Demand”. Econometrica; V.41-#5, pp. 817-828.

 

-I. Pearce and J. Wise (1974). “On the Uniqueness of Competitive Equilibrium: Part II, Bounded Demand”. Econometrica; V.42-#5, pp. 921-932.

 

-P. Wagstaff (1975). “A Uniqueness Theorem”. IER; V.16-#2, pp. 521-524.

 

5. Core

 

a. Overviews

 

-W. Hildenbrand (1974). Core and Equilibria of a Large Economy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

 

-W. Hildenbrand (1982). “Core of an Economy”. in K. Arrow and M. Intriligator, eds. Handbook of Mathematical Economics, V.II. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 831-877.

 

-W. Hildenbrand (1993). “Francis Ysidro Edgeworth: Perfect Competition and the Core”. European Economic Review; V.37-#?, pp. 477-490.

 

-W. Hildenbrand and A. Kirman (1998). “The Core and Competitive Equilibrium”. In A. Kirman, ed. Elements of General Equilibrium Analysis. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 260-290.

 

-L. McKenzie (1999). “The Core and Competitive Equilibrium in Finite Economies”. in James Melvin, James Moore, and Ray Riezman, eds., Trade, Welfare, and Econometrics: Essays in Honor of John S. Chipman. New York: Routledge, pp. 275-289.

 

-G. Giraud (2003). “Strategic Market Games: An Introduction”. Journal of Mathematical Economics; V.39-#5/6, pp. 355-375.

 

b. Large finite economies

 

-F.Y. Edgeworth (1991). Mathematical Psychics. London: Kegan Paul.

 

-M. Shubik (1959). “Edgeworth Market Games”. In A.W. Tucker and R.D. Luce, eds. Contributions to the Theory of Games, IV. Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp. 267-278.

 

-H. Scarf (1961). “An Analysis of Markets with a Large Number of Participants”. In M. Maschler, ed. Recent Advances in Game Theory. Philadelphia: Ivy Curtis Press, Pp. 127-155.

 

-G. Debreu (1963). “On A Theorem of Scarf”. Review of Economic Studies; V.30-#3, pp. 177-180.

 

-G. Debreu and H. Scarf (1963). “A Limit Theorem on the Core of an Economy”. International Economic Review; V.4-#3, pp. 235-246.

 

-K. Vind (1965). “A Theorem on the Core of an Economy”. Review of Economic Studies; V.32-#1, pp. 47-48.

 

-G. Debreu and H. Scarf (1972). “The Limit of the Core of an Economy”. in C. McGuire and R. Radner, eds. Decision and Organization. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 283-295.

 

-T. Bewley (1973). “Edgeworth’s Conjecture”. Econometrica; V.41-#3, pp. 425-454.

 

-L. Shapley (1975). “An Example of a Slow-Converging Core”. International Economic Review; V.16-#2, pp. 345-351.

 

-G. Debreu (1975). “The Rate of Convergence of the Core of an Economy”. Journal of Mathematical Economics; V.2-#1, pp. 1-7.

 

-V. Bohm (1974). “The Core of an Economy with Production”. Review of Economic Studies; V.41-#3, pp. 429-436.

 

-C. Oddou (1976). “Coalition Production Economies with Productive Factors”. Etrica; V.44-#2, pp. 265-281. [in French]

 

-L. McKenzie (1988). “A Limit Theorem on the Core”. Economics Letters; V.27-#1, pp. 7-9.

 

-L. McKenzie (1988). “A Limit Theorem on the Core: Addendum”. Economics Letters; V.32-#?, pp. 109-110.

 

-L. McKenzie and T. Shinotsuka (1991). “A Limit Theorem on the Core: Addendum II”. Economics Letters; V.37-#?, pp. 331.

 

c. Large Finite, Nonstandard Economies

 

-D. Brown and A. Robinson (1975). “Nonstandard Exchange Economies”. Econometrica; V.43-#1, pp. 41-55.

 

-M.A. Khan (1974). “Some Remarks on the Core of a ‘Large’ Economy”. Econometrica; V.42-#4, pp. 633-642.

 

-R.M. Anderson (1978). “An Elementary Core Equivalence Theorem”. Econometrica; V.46-#6, pp. 1483-1487.

 

-R.M. Anderson (1981). “Core Theory with Strongly Convex Preferences”. Econometrica; V.49-#6, pp. 1457-1468.

 

-M.A. Khan and R. Vohra (1982). “Equilibrium in Abstract Economies without Ordered Preferences and With a Measure Space of Agents”. Journal of Mathematical Economics; V.13-#2, pp. 133-142.

 

-R.M. Anderson (1985). “Strong Core Theorems with Nonconvex Preferences”. Econometrica; V.53-#6, pp. 1283-1294.

 

-R.M. Anderson (1988). “The Second Welfare Theorem with Nonconvex Preferences”. Econometrica; V.56-#2, pp. 361-382.

 

d. Continuum economies

 

-R. Aumann (1964). “Markets with a Continuum of Traders”. Econometrica; V.32-#1, pp. 39-50.

 

-K. Vind (1964). “Edgeworth Allocations in an Exchange Economy with Many Traders”. International Economic Review; V.5-#2, pp. 165-177.

 

-R. Aumann (1966). “Existence of Competitive Equilibria in Markets with a Continuum of Traders”. Econometrica; V.34-#1, pp. 1-17.

 

-W. Hildenbrand (1968). “On the Core of an Economy with a Measure Space of Agents”. Review of Economic Studies; V.35-#?, pp. 443-452.

 

-D. Schmeidler (1969). “Competitive Equilibria in Markets with a Continuum of Traders and Incomplete Preferences”. Econometrica; V.37-#4, pp. 578-586.

 

-Y. Kannai (1970). “Continuity Properties of the Core of a Market”. Econometrica; V.38-#6, pp. 791-815. [“A Correction”, 1972, V.40-#5, pp. 955-958.]

 

-W. Hildenbrand (1970). “On Economies with Many Agents”. Journal of Economic Theory; V.3-#?, pp. 161-188.

 

-D. Schmeidler (1972). “A Remark on the Core of an Atomless Economy”. Econometrica; V.40-#3, pp. 579-580.

 

-B. Grodal (1972). “A Second Remark on the Core of an Atomless Economy”. Econometrica; V.40-#3, pp. 581-583.

 

-K. Vind (1972). “A Third Remark on the Core of an Atomless Economy”. Econometrica; V.40-#3, pp. 585-586.

 

-T. Bewley (1973). “The Equality of the Core and the Set of Equilibria In Economies with Infinitely Many Commodities and a Continuum of Agents”. International Economic Review; V.14-#2, pp. 383-394.

 

-A. Rustichini and N. Yannelis (1991). “Edgeworth’s Conjecture in Economies with a Continuum of Agents and Commodities”. Journal of Mathematical Economics; V.20-#3, pp. 307-326.

 

-R. Aumann (1975). “Values of Markets with a Continuum of Traders”. Econometrica; V.43-#4, pp. 611-646.

 

-S. Hart (1977). “Values of Non-Differentiable Markets with a Continuum of Traders”. Journal of Mathematical Economics; V.4-#?, pp. 103-116.

 

-R. Aumann (1979). “On the Rate of Convergence of the Core”. International Economic Review; V.20-#2, pp. 349-357.

 

6. Differentiability, Global Analysis and General Equilibrium

 

a. Overviews

 

-G. Debreu (1976). “The Application to Economics of Differential Topology and Global Analysis: Regular Differentiable Economies”. AER; V.66-#?, pp. 280-287.

 

-S. Smale (1982). “Global Analysis and Economics”. Chapter 8 in K. Arrow and M. Intriligator, eds. Handbook of Mathematical Economics. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 331-370.

 

-E. Dierker (1982). “Regular Economies”. Chapter 17 in K. Arrow and M. Intriligator, eds. Handbook of Mathematical Economics. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 795-830.

 

-A. Mas-Colell (1986). “An Introduction to the Differentiable Approach in the Theory of Economic Equilibrium”. in S. Reiter, ed. Studies in Mathematical Economics. Washington, DC: American Mathematical Association, pp. 160-198.

 

-G. Chichilnisky (1993). “Topology and Economics: The Contribution of Stephen Smale”. in M. Hirsch, J. Marsden, and M. Shub, eds. From Topology to Computation: Proceedings of the Smalefest. New York: Springer-Verlag, pp. 147-161.

 

-E. Dierker (1974). Topological Methods in Walrasian Economics. Berlin: Springer Verlag.

 

-A. Mas-Colell (1985). The Theory of General Equilibrium: A Differentiable Approach. Cambridge:CUP/Econometric Society.

 

-Y. Balasko (1988). Foundations of the Theory of General Equilibrium. San Diego: Academic Press.

 

-J. Milnor (1965). Topology from a Differentiable Viewpoint. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia.

 

-N. Schofield (1984). Mathematical Methods in Economics. New York: NYU Press.

 

-S. Lang (1972). Differential Manifolds. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

 

b. Number/Finiteness/Uniqueness of Equilibria

 

-G. Debreu (1970). “Economies with a Finite Set of Equilibria”. Etrica; V.38-#3, pp. 387-392.

 

-E. Dierker (1972). “Two Remarks on the Number of Equilibria of an Economy”. Etrica; V.40-#5, pp. 951-953.

 

-H. Varian (1975). “A Third Remark on the Number of Equilibria of an Economy”. Etrica; V.43-#?, pp. 985-986.

 

-K. Nishimura (1978). “A Further Remark on the Number of Equilibria of an Economy”. IER; V.19-#?, pp. 679-685.

 

-K.K. Yun (1981). “A Note on Nishimura’s Uniqueness Theorem of General Equilibrium”. IER; V.22-#2, pp. 471-473.

 

-K. Nishimura (1981). “The Exclusion of Boundary Equilibria”.IER; V.22-#2, pg. 475.

 

-K. Nishimura (1979). “On the Uniqueness Theorems by Arrow and Hahn”. Journal of Economic Theory; V.21-#?, pp. 348-352.

 

-A. Mukherji (1997). “On the Uniqueness of Competitive Equilibrium”. Economic Theory; V.10-#?, pp. 509-520.

 

-A. Mas-Colell (1977). “On the Equilibrium Price Set of an Exchange Economy”. JMathE; V.4-#2, pp. 117-126.

 

-Y. Balasko (1979). “Economies with a Finite but Large Number of Equilibria”. JMathE; V.6-#2, pp. 145-147.

 

-S. Smale (1974). “Global Analysis and Economics, IIA: Extension of a theorem of Debreu”. JMathE; V.1-#1, pp. 1-14.

 

-J.H. van Geldrop (1978). “Extension of a Theorem of Smale on Equilibria for Pure Exchange Economies”. JMathE; V.5-#?, pp. 245-253.

 

-Y. Balasko (1995). “Economies with a Unique Equilibrium: A Simple Proof of Arc-connectedness in the Two Agent Case”. JET; V.67-#2, pp. 556-565.

 

-G. Fuchs (1974). “Private Ownership Economies with a Finite Number of Equilibria”. JMathE; V.1-#2, pp. 141-148.

 

-S. Smale (1974). “Global Analysis and Economics, IV: Finiteness and Stability of Equilibria with General Consumption Sets and Production”. JMathE; V.1-#2, pp. 119-127.

 

-A. Mas-Colell (1975). “On the Continuity of Equilibrium Prices in Constant-Returns Production Economies”. JMathE; V.2-#1, pp. 21-33.

 

-G. Fuchs (1977). “Continuity of Equilibria for Production Economies: New Results”. Etrica; V.45-#8, pp. 1777-1796.

 

-T. Kehoe (1980). “An Index Theorem for General Equilibrium Models with Production”. Etrica; V.48-#5, pp. 1211-1232.

 

-T. Kehoe (1982). “Regular Production Economies”. JMathE; V.10-#2/3, pp. 147-176.

 

-T. Kehoe (1985). “Multiplicity of Equilibrium and Comparative Statics”. QJE; V.100-#?, pp. 119-148.

 

-A. Mas-Colell (1991). “On the Uniqueness of Equilibrium Once Again”. in W. Barnett, et al., eds. Equilibrium Theory and Applications. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 275-296.

 

c. Optimality

 

-S. Smale (1973). “Optimizing Several Functions”. in A. Hattori, ed. Manifolds--Tokyo, 1973. pp. 69-75.

 

-S. Smale (1974). “Sufficient Conditions for an Optimum”. in A. Manning ed. Dynamical Systems--Warwick 1974. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

 

-C. Simon (1986). “Scalar and Vector Maximization: Calculus Techniques with Economic Applications”. in S. Reiter, ed. Studies in Mathematical Economics. Washington, DC: American Mathematical Association, pp. 62-159.

 

-S. Smale (1973). “Global Analysis and Economics, I: Pareto Optimum and a Generalization of Morse Theory”. in M. Peixoto, ed. Dynamical Systems. New York: Academic Press, pp. 531-544.

 

-S. Smale (1974). “Global Analysis and Economics, III: Pareto Optima and Price Equilibria”. JMathE; V.1-#2, pp. 107-117.

 

-S. Smale (1974). “Global Analysis and Economics, V: Pareto Theory with Constraints”. JMathE; V.1-#?, pp. 213-221.

 

-S. Smale (1976). “Global Analysis and Economics, VI: Geometric Analysis of Pareto Optima and Price Equilibria under Classical Hypotheses”. JMathE; V.3-#1, pp. 1-14.

 

-Y.H. Wan (1975). “On Local Pareto Optima”. JMathE; V.2-#1, pp. 35-42.

 

-C. Simon and C. Titus (1975). “Characterization of Optimal in Smooth Pareto Economic Systems”. JMathE; V.2-#2, pp. 297-330.

 

-J.H. van Geldrop (1980). “A Note on Local Pareto Optimum”. JMathE; V.7-#1, pp. 51-54.

 

d. Computation of Equilibrium

 

-S. Smale (1976). “A Convergent Process of Price Adjustements and Global Newton Methods”. JMathE; V.3-#1, pp. 1-14.

 

-S. Smale (1976). “Exchange Processes with Price Adjustment”. JMathE; V.3-#?, pp. 211-226.

 

-S. Smale (1977). “An Approach to the Analysis of Dynamic Processes in Economic Systems”. in G. Schwödiauer, ed. Equilibrium and Disequilibrium in Econmic Theory. Dordrecht: D. Reidel, pp. 363-367.

 

-H. Varian (1977). “A Remark on Boundary Restriction in the Global Newton Method”. JMathE; V.4-#?, pp. 127-130.

 

7. No-Arbitrage and Equilibrium Existence

 

a. No-Arbitrage Conditions in Financial Economics

 

-H. Varian (1987). “The Arbitrage Principle in Financial Economics”. Journal of Economic Perspectives; V.1-#2, pp. 55-72

 

-P. Dybvig and S. Ross (1987). “Arbitrage”. The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics. V.I. London: Macmillan, pp. 100-106.

 

-S. Ross (1976). “Return, Risk, and Arbitrage”. in I. Friend and J. Bicksler eds. Risk and Return in Finance, Vol. 1. Cambridge: Ballinger, pp. 189-218.

 

-S. Ross (1976). “The Arbitrage Theory of Capital Asset Pricing”. JET; V.13-#3, pp. 341-360.

 

-S. Ross (1978). “A Simple Approach to the Valuation of Risky Streams”. JBus; V.51-#3, pp. 453-475.

 

-G. Huberman (1982). “A Simple Approach to Arbitrage Pricing”. JET; V.28-#?, pp. 183-191.

 

b. No-Arbitrage and Equilibrium Existence in GE Models with Asset Markets

 

-O. Hart (1974). “On the Existence of Equilibrium in a Securities Model”. JET; V.9-#?, pp. 293-311.

 

-P. Hammond (1983). “Overlapping Expectations and Hart’s Conditions for Equilibrium in a Securities Market”. JET; V.31-#?, pp. 170-175.

 

-F. Page (1987). “On Equilibrium in Hart’s Securities Exchange Model”. JET; V.41-#?, pp. 392-404.

 

-J. Werner (1987). “Arbitrage and the Existence of Competitive Equilibrium”. Etrica; V.55-#6, pp. 1403-1418.

 

-L. Nielsen (1989). “Asset Market Equilibrium with Short-Selling”. REStud; V.56-#?, pp. 467-474.

 

-L. Kousougeras (1998). “A Two-stage Core with Applications to Asset Market and Differential Information Economies”. ET; V.11-#3, pp. 563-584.

 

-G. Chichilnisky (1993). “Intersecting Families of Sets and the Topology of Cones in Economics”. Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society; V.29-#2, pp. 189-207.

 

-G. Chichilnisky (1994). “Social Diversity, Arbitrage, and Gains from Trade: A Unified Perspective on Resource Allocation”. AER; V.84-#2, pp. 427-434.

 

-G. Chichilnisky (1995). “Limited Arbitrage is Necessary and Sufficient for the Existence of a Competitive Equilibrium with or without Short Sales”. ET; V.5-#?, pp. 79-108.

 

-P. Monteiro, F. Page, and M. Wooders (1997). “Arbitrage, Equilibrium, and Gains from Trade: A Counterexample”. JMathE; V.28-#?, pp. 481-501.

 

-G. Chichilnisky (1997). “Limited Arbitrage is Necessary and Sufficient for the Existence of an Equilibrium”. JMathE; V.28-#?, pp. 470-479.

 

-G. Chichilnisky (1997). “Market Arbitrage, Social Choice and the Core”. SC&W; V.14-#?, pp. 161-198.

 

-P. Monteiro, F. Page, and M. Wooders (1997). “Arbitrage and Global Cones: Another Counterexample”. SC&W; V.16-#?, pp. 337-346.

 

-F. Page (1996). “Arbitrage and Asset Prices”. MathSocSci; V.31-#?, pp. 183-208.

 

-F. Page and M. Wooders (1996). “A Necessary and Sufficient Condition for the Compactness of Individually Rational and Feasible Outcomes and the Existence of an Equilibrium”. EcLets; V.52-#?, pp. 153-162.

 

-F. Page and M. Wooders (1996). “The Partnered Core of an Economy and the Partnered Competitive Equilibrium”. EcLets; V.52-#?, pp. 143-152.

 

-G. Chichilnisky (1997). “A Topological Invariant for Competitive Markets”. JMathE; V.28-#?, pp. 445-469.

 

-G. Chichilnisky and G. Heal (1998). “A Unified Treatment of Finite and Infinite Economies: Limited Arbitrage is Necessary and Sufficient for the Existence of Equilibrium and the Core”. ET; V.12-#?, pp. 163-176.

 

-R. Page and M. Wooders (1999). “Arbitrage with Price-Dependent Preferences: Equilibrium and Market Stability”. in M. Wooders, ed. Topics in Mathematical Economics and Game Theory. Providence: American Mathematical Society, pp. 189-212.

 

-R.-A. Dana, C. Le Van, and F. Magnien (1999). “Asset Equilibrium in Asses Markets with and without Short-selling”. Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications; V206-#?, pp. 567-588.

 

-R.-A. Dana, C. Le Van, and F. Magnien (1999). “On the Different Notions of Arbitrage and Existence of Equilibrium”. JET; V.87-#1, pp. 169-193.

 

-R.-A. Dana and C. Le Van (2000). “Arbitrage, Duality and Asset Equilibria”. JMathE; V.34-#3, pp. 397-413.

 

-F. Page, M. Wooders, and P. Monteiro (2000). “Inconsequential Arbitrage”. Journal Of Mathematical Economics; V.34-#4, pp. 439-469.

 

8. Stability

 

a. Overviews

 

-P. Newman (1961). “Approaches to Stability Analysis”. Eca; V.28-#?, pp. 12-29.

 

-D. Davies (1963). “A Note on Marshallian versus Walrasian Stability Conditions”. CJE; V.29-#4, pp. 535-540.

 

-T. Negishi (1962). “The Stability of a Competitive Economy: A Survey Article”. Etrica; V.30-#?, pp. 635-669.

 

-F. Fisher (1976). “The Stability of General Equilibrium: Results and Problems”. in M. Artis and Nobay, eds. Essays in Economic Analysis. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-F. Hahn (1982). “Stability”. in K. Arrow and M. Intriligator, eds. Handbook of Mathematical Economics. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 745-793.

 

b. Excess Demand Functions and Stability

 

-O. Lange (1944). “The Stability of Economic Equilibrium”. Appendix in Price Flexibility and Employment. pp. 91-109.

 

-L. Metzler (1945). “Stability of Multiple Markets: The Hicks Conditions”. Etrica; V.13-#?, pp. 277-292.

 

-P. Samuelson (1947). Part II of Foundations of Economic Analysis. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

 

-M. Morishima (1960). “A Reconsideration of the Walras-Cassel Leontief Model of General Equilibirum”. in Mathematical Methods in the Social Sciences. Stanford: Stanford University Press, pp. 63-76.

 

-L. McKenzie (1960). “Matrices with Dominant Diagonals and Economic Theory”. in Mathematical Methods in the Social Sciences. Stanford: Stanford University Press, pp. 47-62.

 

-K. Arrow (1976). “The Genesis of Dynamic Systems Governed by Metzler Matrices”. in R. Henn and O. Moeschlin, eds. Mathematical Economics and Game Theory. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 629-644.

 

c. The Correspondence Principle

 

-Samuelson, Paul (1941). “The Stability of Equilibrium: Comparative Statics and Dynamics”. Econometrica; V.9-#?, pp. 97-120.

 

-Samuelson, Paul (1942). “The Stability of Equilibrium: Linear and Nonlinear Systems”. Econometerica; V10-#1, pp. 1-25.

 

-J. Quirk and R. Saposnick (1968). “Competitive Equilibrium: Comparative Statics” (esp. Section 6.4). Chapter 6 of Introduction to General Theory Equilibrium and Welfare Economics. New York: McGraw Hill.

 

-K. Arrow and F. Hahn (1971). “The Correspondence Principle”. Chapter 12, section 11 of General Competitive Analysis. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 320-321.

 

-Finger, J. M. (1971). “The Correspondence Principle: A Superfluous Tool of Economic Analysis”. Journal of Economic Issues; V.5-#1, pp. 47-56.

 

-Rader, J.T. (1972). “Impossibility of Qualitative Economics: Excessively Strong Correspondence Principles in Production-Exchange Economics”. ZfN; V.32-#4, pp. 397-416.

 

-Burmeister, Edwin and Long, Ngo Van (1977). “On Some Unresolved Questions in Capital Theory: Application of Samuelson's Correspondence Principle”. Quarterly Journal of Economics; V.91-#2, pp. 289-314.

 

-Neary, J. Peter (1978). “Dynamic Stability and the Theory of Factor-Market Distortions”. American Economic Review; V.68-#4, pp. 671-682.

 

-Herberg, Horst and Murray Kemp (1980). “In Defense of some ‘Paradoxes’ of Trade Theory”. American Economic Review; V.70-#4, pp. 812-814.

 

-Neary, J. Peter (1980). “This Side of Paradox, or, in Defense of the Correspondence Principle: A Reply to Herberg and Kemp”. American Economic Review; V.70-#4, pp. 815-818.

 

-Kemp, Murray (199?). “Correspondence Principle”. The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, Vol. 1. Pp. 678-679.

 

-Brown, G. and C. Rogers (1978). “Macroeconomics, Comparative Statics and the Correspondence Principle: A Critique”. South African Journal of Economics; V.46-#4, pp. 307-25.

 

-Bryant, W. (1980).. “Samuelson's Correspondence Principle: A Comment”. South African Journal of Economics; V.48-#1, pp. 87-88.

 

-Magill, Michael and Jose Scheinkman (1979). “Stability of Regular Equilibria and the Correspondence Principle for Symmetric Variational Problems”. International Economic Review; V.2-#2, pp. 297-315.

 

-Hatta, Tatsuo (1980). “Structure of the Correspondence Principle at an Extremum Point”. Review of Economic Studies; V.47-#5, pp. 987-997.

 

-Brock, William (1983). “A Revised Version of Samuelson's Correspondence Principle: Applications of Recent Results on the Asymptotic Stability of Optimal Control to the Problem of Comparing Long Run Equilibria”. in H. Sonnenschein, ed.. Models of economic dynamics. Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems series, vol. 264. New York: Springer-Verlag, pp. 86-116.

 

-Bhagwati, Jagdish, Richard Brecher and Tatsuo Hatta (1987). “The Global Correspondence Principle: A Generalization”. American Economic Review; V.77-#1, pp. 124-132.

 

-Kemp, Murray, Yoshio Kimura, and Makoto Tawada (1990). “The Global Correspondence Principle.” Economics Letters; V.34-#1, pp. 1-4.

 

-Ide, Toyonari and Akira Takayama (1990). “Variable Returns to Scale and Global Correspondence Principle in the Theory of International Trade. Economics Letters; V.33-#4, pp. 301-308.

 

-Velupillai, K (1973). “A Note on the Origin of the ‘Correspondence Principle’”. Swedish Journal of Economics; V.75-#3, pp. 302-304.

 

d. Individual Behavior, Gross Substitutes and Stability

 

-J. Hicks (1939). Value and Capital. Oxford: OUP.

 

-P. Samuelson (1944). “The Relation between Hicksian and True Dynamic Stability”. Etrica;

 

-M. Morishima (1957). “Notes on the Theory of Stability of Multiple Exchanges”. REStud; V.24-#?, pp. 203-208.

 

-F. Hahn (1958). “Gross Substitutes and the Dynamic Stability of General Equilibrium”. Etrica; V.26-#?, pp. 169-170.

 

-K. Arrow and L. Hurwicz (1958). “On the Stability of Competitive Equilibrium, I”. Etrica; V.26-#?, pp. 522-552.

 

-K. Arrow, H. Block and L. Hurwicz (1959). “On the Stability of Competitive Equilibrium, II”. Etrica; V.27-#1, pp. 82-109.

 

-K. Arrow and L. Hurwicz (1962). “Competitive Equilibrium under Weak Gross Substitutability”. IER; V.?-#?, pp. 233-255.

 

-T. Negishi (1972). “Stability and the Gross Substitutability”. Chapter 13 in General Equilibrium Theory and International Trade. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 191-206

 

-H. Scarf (1960). “Some Examples of Global Instability of Competitive Equilibrium”. IER; V.1-#3, pp. 157-172.

 

-D. Gale (1963). “A Note on Global Instability of Competitive Equilibrium”. Naval Research Logistics Quarterly; V.10-#?, pp. 81-87.

 

-M. Morishima (1953-4). “A Note on a Point in Value and Capital.” REStud; V.21-#3, pp. 214-217. (Reply by Hicks and response by Morishima).

 

-D.V.T. Bear (1965). “Inferior Inputs and the Theory of the Firm”. JPE; V.73-#3, pp. 287-289.

 

-T. Rader (1968). “Normally, Factor Inputs are Never Gross Substitutes”. JPE; V.73-#?, pp. 38-43.

 

-M. Ohyama (1972). “On the Stability of Generalized Metzlerian Systems”. REStud; V.39-#?, pp.

 

e. Non-Tâtonnement Stability

 

-T. Negishi (1961). “On the Formation of Prices”. IER; V.2-#?, pp. 122-126.

 

-H. Uzawa (1962). “On the Stability of Edgeworth's Barter Process”. IER; V.3-#?, pp. 218-232.

 

-L. Hurwicz, R. Radner and S. Reiter (1975). “A Stochastic Decentralized Resource Allocation Process, I and II”. Etrica; V.43-#?, pp. 187-221, 363-393.

 

-F. Hahn (1962). “On the Stability of Pure Exchange Equilibrium”. IER, V.3-#?, pp. 206-213.

 

-M. Morishima (1962). “The Stability of Exchange Equilibrium: An Alternative Approach”. IER; V.3-#?, pp.

 

-F. Hahn and T. Negishi (1962). “A Theorem on Non-Tâtonnement Stability”. Etrica; V.30-#?, pp. 463-469.

 

-T. Negishi (1972). “The Stability of Non-Tâtonnement Processes”. in General Equilibirum Theory and International Trade. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 207-227.

 

-F. Fisher (1976). “A Non-tâtonnement Model with Production and Consumption”. Etrica; V.44-#?, pp. 907-938.

 

-E. Zabel (1993). “Equilibrium, Stability, and Price Adjustments in Competitive Markets”. in R. Becker, M. Boldrin, R. Jones and W. Thomson, eds. General Equilibrium, Growth, and Trade II. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 181-202.

 

B. Reciprocal Demand and Trade in The Neoclassical Model

 

1. Overviews

 

-J. Chipman (1965). “A Survey of the Theory of International Trade: Part 2, The Neo-Classial Theory”. Etrica; V.33-#4, pp. 685-760.

 

-A. Takayama (1982). “On Theorems of General Competitive Equilibrium of Production and Trade--A Survey of Some Recent Developments in the Theory of International Trade”. KES. V.19-#?, pp. 1-37.

 

-H. Thompson (1987). “A Review of Advancements in the General Equilibrium Theory of Production and Trade”. KES; V.24-#?, pp. 43-62.

 

-J. Chipman (1987). “International Trade”. in J. Eatwell, et al. eds., The New Palgrave Dictionary of Ecnomics. London: Macmillan, pp. 922-955.

 

-G. Gandolfo (1987). “The Neoclassical Theory of International Trade”. Chapter 3 of International Economics, I: The Pure Theory of International Trade. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 33-175.

 

2. Basic Analysis

 

a. Opportunity Cost

 

-A. Lerner (1932). “The Diagrammatical Representation of Cost Conditions in International Trade”. Eca; V.12-#?, pp. 346-356.

 

-G. Haberler (1930). “The Theory of Comparative Costs and Its Use in the Defense of Free Trade”. WA; V.32-#?, pp. 349-370.

 

-J. Viner (1937). “Gains from Trade: The Doctrive of Comparative Costs”. Chapter 8 in Studies in the Theory of International Trade. Clifton: A.M. Kelley, pp. 437-526.

 

-J. Vanek (1959). “An Afterthought on the Real Cost-Opportunity Cost Dispute and Some Aspects of General Equilibrium under Conditions of Variable Factor Supplies”. REStud; V.26-#?, pp. 198-208.

 

-M. Chacholiades (1973). “Opportunity Cost”. Chapter 4 of The Pure Theory of International Trade. Chicago: Aldine, pp. 81-117.

 

b. Demand in Neoclassical Trade Theory

 

-W. Leontief (1933). “The Use of Indifference Curves in the Analysis of Foreign Trade”. QJE; V.48-#?, pp. 493-503.

 

-A. Lerner (1934). “The Diagrammatical Representation of Demand Conditions in International Trade”. Eca; V.1-#?, pp. 319-334.

 

-M. Chacholiades (1973). “Community Indifference and Comparative Advantage”. Chapter 5 of The Pure Theory of International Trade. Chicago: Aldine, pp. 118-140.

 

c. International Equilibrium

 

-A. Marshall (1879). The Pure Theory of Foreign Trade. London: LSE&PS

 

-A. Marshall (1923). Money, Credit and Commerce. London: Macmillan.

 

-F.Y. Edgeworth (1894). “The Theory of International Values”. EJ; V.4-#?,pp. Part I: 35-56; Part II: 424-443; Part III: 606-638.

 

-T.O. Yntema (1932). A Mathematical Reformulation of the General Theory of International Trade. Chicago: University of Chicagoe Press.

 

-J.L. Mosak (1944). General-Equilibrium Theory in International Trade. Cowles Commission Monograph #7.

 

-H. Nikaido (1956). “On the Classical Multilateral Exchange Problem”. Metroeconomica; V.8-#?, pp. 135-145.

 

-R. Baldwin (1948). “Equilibrium in International Trade: A Diagrammatic Analysis”. QJE; V.62-#?, pp. 748-762.

 

-J. Meade (1952). A Geometry of International Trade. London: Allen and Unwin.

 

-J. Bhagwati and H.G. Johnson (1960). “Notes on Some Controversies in the Theory of International Trade”. EJ; V. 70-#?, pp. 74-93.

 

-R. Mundell (1960). “The Pure Theory of International Trade”. AER; V.60-#1, pp. 67-110. [also Chapters 2 and 3 of Mundell's (1968) International Economics.]

 

-M. Chacholiades (1973). “International Equilibirum”. Chapter 5 of The Pure Theory of International Trade. Chicago: Aldine, pp. 141-169.

 

-R. Jones and E. Berglas (1977). “Import Demand and Export Supply: An Aggregation Theorem”. AER; V.67-#2, pp. 183-187.

 

3. Stability

 

-R. Jones (1961). “Stability Conditions in International Trade: A General Equilibrium Analysis”. IER; V.2-#2, pp. 199-209.

 

-M. Kemp (1964). “A Trading World--Stability Conditions”. Chapter 5 of The Pure Theory of International Trade. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, pp. 59-71.

 

-A. Amano (1968). “Stability Conditions in the Pure Theory of International Trade: A Rehabilitation of the Marshallian Approach”. QJE; V.82-#2, pp. 326-339.

 

-T. Negishi (1972). “The Stability of Foreign Exchange”. Chapter 15 in General Equilibrium Theory and International Trade. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 228-243.

 

-A. Takayama (1972). “The Marshall-Lerner Condition and the Neoclassical System of International Trade Policy”. Chapter 8 of International Trade. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, pp. 215-250.

 

-A. Amano (1971). “Stability Conditions in the Real and Monetary Models of International Trade”. in L. DiMarco, ed. International Economics and Development. New York: Academic Pres, pp. 47-59.

 

-M. Tawada (1989). “The Stability Properties of Trade Equilibrium”. Production Structure and International Trade. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 5-20.

 

-M. Tawada (1989). “The Stability of Dynamic Processes Allowing for Instantaneous Adjustment”. Appendix 1 of Production Structure and International Trade. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 104-111.

 

-S. Katayama, M. Okamura and M. Tawada (1991). “The Stability of Dynamic Processes with Instantaneous Adjustment and the Pure Theory of International Trade”. in A. Takayama, M. Ohyama and H. Ohta, eds. Trade, Policy and International Adjustments. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 285-294.

 

4. Modelling Import Demand and Supply

 

a. Aggregate Import Demand

 

-S.P. Magee (1975). “Prices, Incomes, and Foreign Trade”. in P. Kenen, ed. International Trade and Finance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.

 

-M. Goldstein and M.S. Khan (1985). “Income and Price Effects in Foreign Trade”. in Jones and Kenen, eds. Handbook of International Economics. Amsterdam: North-Holland, II: pp. 1041-1105.

 

-G. Orcutt (1950). “Measurement of Price Elasticities in International Trade”. REStat; V.32-#?, pp.

 

-D. Morgan and W. Corlett (1951). “The Influence of Price in International Trade: A Study in Method”. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society--Series A; V.

 

-M. Kemp (1962). “Errors of Measurement and Bias in Estimates of Import Demand Parameters”. EcRec; V.38-#?, pp. 369-372.

 

-N. Kakwani (1972). “On the Bias in Estimates of Import Demand Parameters”. EcRec; V.38-#?, pp. 239-244.

 

-M. Kreinin (1967). “Price Elasticities in International Trade”. REStat; V.49-#?, pp. 510-516.

 

-H. Houthaker and S.P. Magee (1969). “Income and Price Elasticities in World Trade”. REStat; V.51-#?, pp. 111-125.

 

-R.J. Ball and K. Marwah (1962). “The US Demand for Imports, 1948-1958". REStat; V.44-#?, pp. 395-401.

 

-M. Khan and K. Ross (1977). “The Functional Form of the Aggregate Import Demand Equation”. JIE; V.7-#?, pp. 149-160.

 

-M. Goldstein and M. Khan (1978). “The Supply and Demand for Exports: A Simultaneous Approach”. REStat; V.60-#?, pp. 275-286.

 

-R. Stern, C. Baum and M. Greene (1979). “Evidence on Structural Change in the Demand for Aggregate US Imports and Exports”. JPE; V.87-#1, pp. 179-192.

 

-T. Boylan, M. Cuddy and I. O’Muircheartaigh (1980). “The Functional Form of the Aggregate Import Demand Equation: A Comparison of Three European Economies”. JIE; V.10-#?, pp. 561-566.

 

-B. Zilberfarb (1980). “Domestic Demand Pressure, Relative Prices and the Export Supply Equation”. Eca; V.47-#?, pp. 443-450.

 

-U. Kohli (1982). “Relative Price Effects and Demand for Imports”. CJE; V.15-#?, pp. 205-219.

 

-P.A. Volker (1982). “On the US Import Demand Function: A Comment”. JPE; V.90-#?, pp. 1295-1299.

 

-S. Haynes and J. Stone (1983). “Secular and Cyclical Responses of US Trade to Income: An Evaluation of Traditional Models”. REStat; V.65-#?, pp. 87-95.

 

-S. Haynes and J. Stone (1983). “Specification of Supply Behavior in International Trade”. REStat; V.65-#?, pp. 626-632.

 

-D. Warner and M. Kreinin (1983). “Determinants of International Trade Flows”. REStat; V.65-#?, pp. 96-104.

 

-K. Maskus (1983). “Evidence on Shifts in the Determinants of US Manufacturing Foreign Trade”. REStat; V.65-#?, pp. 415-422.

 

-J. Thursby and M. Thursby (1984). “How Reliable are Simple, Single Equation Specifications of Import Demand”. REStat; V.66-#?, pp. 120-128.

 

-J. Marquez and C. McNeilly (1988). “Income and Price Elasticities for Exports of Developing Countries”. REStat; V.70-#?, pp. 306-314.

 

-R. Faini, L. Pritchett, and F. Clavijo (1992). “Import Demand in Developing Countries”. in M. Dagenais and P. Muett, eds. International Trade Modeling. New York: Chapman and Hall, pp. 279-297.

 

-R. Clarida (1994). “Cointegration, Aggregate Consumption, and the Demand for Imports: A Structural Econometric Investigation”. AER; V.84-#1, pp. 298-308.

 

-A. Senhadji (1998). “Time-Series Estimation of Structural Import Demand Equations: A Cross-Country Analysis”. IMFSP; V.45-#2, pp. 236-268.

 

b. Disaggregated Import Elasticities

 

-R. Frisch (1959). “A Complete Scheme for Computing All Direct and Cross Elasticies in a Model with Many Sectors”. Etrica; V.27-#?, pp. 177-196.

 

-P. Armington (1969). “A Theory of Demand for Products Distinguished by Place of Production”. IMFSP; V.16-#?, pp. 159-176.

 

-B. Hickman and L. Lau (1973). “Elasticities of Substitution and Export Demands in a World Trade Model”. EER; V.4-#?, pp. 347-380.

 

-J. Price and J. Thornblade (1972). “US Import Demand Functions Disaggregated by Country and Commodity”. SEJ; V.39-#?, pp. 46-57.

 

-M. Kreinin (1973). “Disaggregated Foreign Demand Functions--Further Results”. SEJ; V.40-#?, pp. 19-25.

 

-J.D. Richardson (1976). “Some Issues in the Structural Determination of International Price Responsiveness”. in H. Glejser, ed. Quantitative Studies in International Economic Relations. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp.

 

-R. Stern, J. Francis, and B. Schumacker (1976). Price Elasticities in International Trade. London: Basingstoke.

 

-J. Mutti (1977). “The Specification of Demand Equations for Imports and Domestic Substitutes”. SEJ; V.44-#?, pp. 68-73.

 

-J. Stone (1979). “Price Elasticities of the Demand for Imports and Exports: Industry Estimates for the US, the EEC, and Japan”. REStat; V.61-#?, pp. 306-312.

 

-C. Hamilton (1980). “Import Elasticities at a Disaggregated Level: The Case of Sweden”. ScanJE; V.4-#?, pp. 449-463.

 

-G.M. Grossman (1982). “Import Competition from Developed and Developing Countries”. REStat; V.64-#?, pp. 271-281.

 

-D. Rousslang and S. Parker (1984). “Cross-Price Elasticities of US Import Demand”. REStat; V.66-#?, pp. 518-523.

 

-U. Lächler (1985). “The Elasticity of Substitution between Imported and Domestically Produced Goods in Germany”. WA; V.121-#?, pp. 74-96.

 

-C. Shiells, R. Stern and A. Deardorff (1986). “Estimates of Elasticities of Substitution between Imports and Home Goods for the US”. WA; V.122-#?, pp. 497-519. [Comment by D. Rousslang and response, WA; 1989, V.125-#?, pp. 366-374.]

 

-K. Reinert and D. Roland-Holst (1992). “Armington Elasticities for US Manufacturing Sectors”. Journal of Policy Modelling; V.14-#?, pp. 631-639.

 

-C. Shiells and K. Reinert (1993). “Armington Models and Terms-of-Trade Effects: Some Econometric Evidence for North America”. CJE; V.26-#2, pp. 299-316.

 

-D. Tarr (1990). “A Modified Cournot Aggregation Condition for Obtaining Cross-Elasticities of Demand”. Eastern Economic Journal; V.16-#3, pp. 257-264.

 

-L.A. Winters (1984). “Separability and the Specification of Foreign Trade Functions”. JIE; V.17-#?, pp. 239-263.

 

-P. DeBoer, R. Harkema and B. vanHeeswijk (1987). “Estimating Foreign Trade Functions: A Comment and a Correction”. JIE; V.22-#?, pp. 369-373.

 

-L.A. Winters (1985). “Separability and the Modelling of International Economic Integration: U.K. Exports to Five Industrial Countries”. EER; V.27-#?, pp. 335-353.

 

-P. Brenton (1989). “The Allocation Approach to Trade Modelling: Some Tests of Separability between Imports and Domestic Production and between Different Imported Commodity Groups”. WA; V125-#?, pp. 230-251.

 

-J. Alston, C. Carter, R. Green, and D. Pick (1990). “Whither Armington Trade Models?”. American Journal of Agricultural Economics; V.72-#?, pp. 455-467.

 

-R. Green and J. Alston (1990). “Elasticities in AIDS Models”. American Journal of Agricultural Economics; V.72-#?, pp. 442-445.

 

-B.J. van Heeswijk, P. DeBoer, and R. Harkema (1993). “A Dynamic Specification of an AIDS Import Allocation Model”. Empirical Economics; V.18-#1, pp. 57-73.

 

-P. DeBoer, C. Martinez, and R. Harkema (2000). “Trade Liberalization and the Allocation Over Domestic and Foreign Supplies: A Case Study for Spanish Manufacturing”. Applied Economics; V.32-#?, pp. 789-799.

 

5. Duality and Estimation of Neoclassical Models of International Trade

 

-A.D. Woodland (1982). “Empirical Studies”. Chapter 12 in International Trade and Resource Allocation. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 365-399.

 

-U. Kohli (1991). Technology, Duality and Foreign Trade. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

 

-D.F. Burgess (1974). “Production Theory and the Derived Demand for Imports”. JIE; V.4-#2, pp. 103-107.

 

-D.F. Burgess (1974). “A Cost Minimization Approach to Import Demand Equations”. REStat; V.56-#2, pp. 225-234.

 

-U. Kohli (1978). “A Gross National Product Function and the Derived Demand for Imports and Supply of Exports”. CJE; V.11-#2, pp. 167-182.

 

-U. Kohli (1983). “Technology and the Demand for Imports”. SEJ; V.50-#?, pp. 137-150.

 

-U. Kohli (1981). “Nonjointness and Factor Intensity in US Production”. IER; V.22-#1, pp. 3-18.

 

-U. Kohli (1983). “Nonjoint Technologies”. REStud; V.50-#?, pp. 209-219.

 

-U. Kohli (1983). “The le Chatelier Principle and Demand for Imports in the Short run and the Medium Run, Australia 1959/60-1978/79". EcRec; V.59-#?, pp. 149-165.

 

-U. Kohli (1985). “US Imports by Origin: A System Approach”. WA; V.121-#?, pp. 741-754.

 

-U. Kohli and E. Morey (1988). “U.S. Imports by Origin: A Characteristics Approach”. KYKLOS; V.41-#1, pp. 51-74.

 

-U. Kohli (1990). “Price and Quantity Elasticities in US Foreign Trade”. EcLets; V.33-#?, pp. 277-281.

 

-B. Apostolakis (1984). “Substitution between Imports and Primary Inputs in the Netherlands, 1953-1977". Eastern Economic Journal; V.10-#1, pp. 43-50.

 

-B. Apostolakis (1984). “A Translogarithmic Cost Function Approach: Greece, 1953-1977". Empirical Economics; V.9-#?, pp. 247-262.

 

-B.Y. Aw and M. Roberts (1985). “The Role of Imports from the Newly-Industrializing Countries in U.S. Production”. REStat; V.67-#1, pp.109-117.

 

-W.E. Diewert and C. Morrison (1988). “Export Supply and Import Demand Functions: A Production Theory Approach”. in R. Feenstra, ed. Empirical Methods for International Trade. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 207-222.

 

-U. Kohli (1992). “Production, Foreign Trade, and Global Curvature Conditions”. Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics; V.128-#1, pp. 3-20.

 

-U. Kohli (1993). “A Symmetric Normalized Quadratic GNP Function and the U.S. Demand for Imports and Supply of Exports”. IER; V.34-#1, pp. 243-255.

 

-U. Kohli (1994). “Canadian Imports and Exports by Origin and Destination: A Semi-Flexible Approach”. CJE; V.27-#3, pp. 580-603.

 

-U. Kohli (1998). “The Geographical Composition of Swiss Foreign Trade: A Semiflexible Approach”. Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Volkswirtschaft und Statistik/Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics; V.134-#1, pp. 41-62.

 

-U. Kohli (1998). “Semiflexibility vs. Flexibility: U.S. Imports and Exports by Commodity Group”. International Review of Economics and Finance; V.7-#1, pp. 1-21.

 

-C. Tombazos (1998). “U.S. Production Technology and the Effects of Imports on the Demand for Primary Factors”. REStat; V.80-#?, pp. 480-483.

 

-C. Tombazos (1999). “The Impact of Imports on the Demand for Labor in Australia”. EcLets; V.62-#3, pp. 351-356.

 

-C. Tombazos (1999). “The Role of Imports in Expanding the Demand Gap Between Skilled and Unskilled Labour in the U.S.”. Applied Economics; V.31-#4, pp. 509-517.

 

-R. López (1995). “Synergy and Investment Efficiency Effects of Trade and Labor Market Distortions”. EER; V.39-#7, pp. 1321-1344.

 

-U. Kohli (1994). “Technological Biases in U.S. Aggregate Production”. Journal of Productivity Analysis; V.5-#1, pp. 5-22.

 

-E. Appelbaum and U. Kohli (1997). “Import Price Uncertainty and the Distribution of Income”. Review of Economics and Statistics; V.79-#4, pp. 620-630.

 

-E. Appelbaum and U. Kohli (1998). “Import-Price Uncertainty, Production Decisions, and Relative Factor Shares”. RIE; V.6-#3, pp. 345-360.

 

-J. Chipman (1978). “Towards the Construction of an Optimal Aggregate Model of International Trade: West Germany, 1963-1975". Annals of Economic and Social Measurement, V.6-#??, pp. 535-554.

 

-J. Chipman (1981). “A General Equilibrium Framework for Analyzing the Responses of Imports and Exports to External Prices: An Aggregation Theorem”. in G. Bamberg and O. Opitz, eds. Methods of Operations Research, V.44. Königstein: Verlag Anton Hain, pp. 43-56.

 

-J. Chipman (1981). “Internal-External Price Relationships in the West German Economy, 1958-1979". Zeitschrift für die gesamte Staatswissenschaft; V.137-#?, pp. 612-637.

 

-J. Chipman (1983). “Dynamic Adjustment of Internal Prices to External Price Changes, Federal Republic of Germany, 1958-1979: An Application of Rank-Reduced Distributed-Lag Estimation by Spline Functions”. in W. Eichorn, et al. Quantitative Studies on Production and Prices. Wurzburg: Physica Verlag, Rudolf Liebing, pp. 195-230.

 

-J. Chipman (1985). “Relative Prices, Capital Movements, and Sectoral Technical Change: Theory and an Empirical Test”. in K. Jungenfelt and D. Hague, eds. Structural Adjustment in Developed Open Economies. New York: St. Martins, pp. 395-454.

 

-J. Chipman (1985). “Estimation of Net-Import Demand Functions for the Federal Republic of Germany, 1959-1982". in H. Giersch, ed. Probleme und Perspektiven der weltwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 197-213.

 

-J. Chipman, A. Eymann, G. Ronning and G. Tian (1992). “Estimating Price Responses of German Imports and Exports”. in European Integration in the World Economy. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 574-601.

 

-K.-y. Wong (1988). “International Factor Mobility and the Volume of Trade: An Empirical Study”. in R. Feenstra, ed. Empirical Methods in International Trade. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 231-250.

 

-D. Lawrence (1989). “An Aggregator Model of Canadian Export Supply and Import Demand Responsiveness”. CJE; V.22-#?, pp. 503-521.

 

-J. Newman, V. Lavy and P. de Vreyer (1995). “Export and Output Supply Functions with Endogenous Domestic Prices”. JIE; V.38-#1/2, pp. 119-141.

 

-J. Harrigan (1997). “Technology, Factor Supplies, and International Specialization: Estimating the Neoclassical Model”. AER; V.87-#4, pp. 475-494.

 

-B. Skoora (2000). “Measuring Market Distortion: International Comparisons, Policy and Competitiveness”. Applied Economics; V.32-#?, pp. 253-264.

 

-W.E. Diewert and C. Morrison (1986). “Adjusting Output and Productivity Indexes for Changes in the Terms of Trade”. EJ; V.96-#?, pp. 659-679.

 

-C. Morrison and W. E. Diewert (1990). “Productivity Growth and Changes in the Terms of Trade in Japan and the US”. Productivity Growth in Japan and the US. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 201-227.

 

-A. Cas, W.E. Diewert and L. Ostensoe (1988). “Productivity Growth and Changes in the Terms of Trade in Canada”. in R. Feenstra, ed. Empirical Methods in International Trade. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 279-294.

 

-U. Kohli (1990). “Growth Accounting in the Open Economy: Parametric and Nonparametric Estimates”. Journal of Economic and Social Measurement; V.16-#3, pp. 125-136.

 

-U. Kohli (1993). “GNP Growth Accounting in the Open Economy: Parametric and Nonparametric Estimates for Switzerland”. Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Volkswirtschaft und Statistik/Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics; V.129-#4, pp. 601-615.

 

-K. Fox and U. Kohli (1998). “GDP Growth, Terms-of-Trade Effects, and Total Factor Productivity”. Journal of International Trade and Economic Development; V.7-#1, pp. 87-110.

 

-U. Kohli (1997). “Accounting for Recent Economic Growth in Southeast Asia”. Review of Development Economics; V.1-#3, pp. 245-256.

 

-U. Kohli and A. Werner (1998). “Accounting for South Korean GDP Growth: Index-Number and Econometric Estimates”. Pacific Economic Review; V.3-#2, pp. 133-152.


IV. SPECIFIC FACTORS AND TRADE: THE RICARDO-VINER MODEL

 

A. Structure of the RV Model

 

1. The Basic RV Model

 

-R. Jones (1971). “A Three-Factor Model in Theory, Trade and History”. in J. Bhagwati, et al. Trade, Balance of Payments and Growth. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 3-21.

 

-P. Samuelson (1971). “An Exact Hume-Ricardo-Marshall Model of International Trade”. JIE; V.1-#1, pp. 1-18.

 

-P. Samuelson (1971). “Ohlin was Right”. SwedJE; V.73-#4, pp. 365-384.

 

-W. Mayer (1974). “Short-run and Long-run Equilibrium for a Small Open Economy”. JPE; V.82-#5, pp. 955-967.

 

-J.P. Neary (1978). “Short-Run Capital Specificity and the Pure Theory of International Trade”. EJ; V.88-#?, pp. 488-510.

 

-A.G. Schweinberger (1980). “Medium Run Resource Allocation and Short-Run Capital Specificity”. EJ; V.90-#?, pp. 330-340.

 

-U. Kohli (1993). “US Technology and the Specific-Factors Model”. JIE; V.34-#1/2, pp. 115-136.

 

-K. Okuguchi (1977). “Factor Specificity and the Rybczynski Theorem”. in T. Fuji and R. Sato, eds. Resource Allocation and the Division of Space. Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.

 

-W. Mayer and J. Li (1993). “Production Indivisibilities in a Short-Run Trade Model”. in W. Ethier, E. Helpman and J.P. Neary, eds. Theory, Policy and Dynamics in International Trade. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 91-106.

 

-R. Findlay (1993). “International Trade and Factor Mobility with an Endogenous Land Frontier”. in W. Ethier, E. Helpman and J.P. Neary, eds. Theory, Policy and Dynamics in International Trade. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 38-54.

 

2. The Gruen-Corden Model

 

-F. Gruen and W.M. Corden (1970). “A Tariff that Worsens the Terms of Trade”. In I. McDougall and R. Snape, eds. Studies in International Economics. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

 

-R. Falvey (1978). “Trade Policies and Industrialization”. EcRec; V.?-#?, pp. 256-260.

 

-R. Jones and S. Marjit (1992). “International Trade and Endogenous Production Structures”. in W. Neuefeind and R. Riezman, eds. Economic Theory and International Trade. New York: Springer, pp. 173-195.

 

-S. Marjit (1990). “A Simple Production Model in Trade and Its Applications”. EcLets; V.32-#?, pp. 257-260.

 

-S. Marjit (1993). “Uniform Tariffs in General Equilibrium--A Simple Model”. ZfN; V.57-#2, pp. 189-196.

 

3. Imperfect Factor Mobility in the RV Model

 

-M. Mussa (1982). “Imperfect Factor Mobility and the Distribution of Income”. JIE; V.12-#1/2, pp. 125-141.

 

-G. Grossman (1983). “Partially Mobile Capital: A General Approach to Two-Sector Trade Theory”. JIE; V.15-#1/2, pp. 1-17.

 

-J. Hill and J. Mendez (1983). “Factor Mobility in the General Equilibrium Model of Production”. JIE; V.15-#1/2, pp. 19-25.

 

-F. Casas (1984). “Imperfect Factor Mobility: A Generalization and Synthesis of Two-Sector Models of International Trade”. CJE; V.17-#4, pp. 745-761.

 

-E.S.H. Yu and A. Parai (1989). “Factor Immobility and the Gains from Trade”. SEJ; V.?-#?, pp. 601-609.

 

-H. Beladi and A. Parai (1993). “Sluggish Intersectoral Factor Movements and Alternative Trade Policies”. SEJ; V.59-#4, pp. 760-767.

 

4. Dynamic Analysis and Stability

 

-M. Kemp and H. Wan (1974). “Hysteresis of Long-Run Equilibrium from Realistic Adjustment Costs”. in G. Horwich and P. Samuelson, eds. Trade, Stability and Macroeconomics. New York: Academic Press, pp. 221-242.

 

-H. Lapan (1976). “International Trade, Factor Market Distortions, and the Optimal Dynamic Subsidy”. AER; V.66-#3, pp. 335-346. (Comments by Cassing/Ochs AER V.68-#5, pp. 950-959, and Ray V.69-#4, pp. 715-720.)

 

-K. Okuguchi (1976). “Product Price Change and Inter-sectoral Re-Allocation of Specific Factors”. EcRec; V.?-#?, pp. 496-504.

 

-M. Kemp, Y. Kimura and K. Okuguchi (1977). “Monotonicity Properties of a Dynamical Version of the Heckscher-Ohlin Model of Production”. ESQ; V.28-#3, pp. 249-253.

 

-Y. Kimura, H. Kondo and M. Tawada (1993). “A Little More on the Dynamic Properties of a Heckscher-Ohlin Model”. in H. Herberg and N.V. Long, eds., Trade, Welfare and Economic Policies. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp. 37-50.

 

-M. Mussa (1978). “Dynamic Adjustment in the HOS Model”. JPE; V.86-#5, pp. 775-791.

 

-J.P. Neary (1978). “Dynamic Stability and the Theory of Factor-Market Distortions”. AER; V.68-#4, pp. 671-682. (comment by Herberg and Kemp, with response, AER, V70-#4, pp. 812-818.)

 

-J. Bhagwati, ed. (1982). Import Competition and Response. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (Section I, papers by Neary, Mussa, and Diamond)

 

-A. Drazen (1985). “State Dependence and Optimal Factor Accumulation”. QJE; V.?-#?, pp. 357-372.

 

-S. Landon (1990). “The Two-Sector Model and Production Technique in the Short Run and the Long Run”. OEP; V.42-#?, pp. 429-445.

 

-Y. Takeoka (1991). “The Adjustment Cost and the Market Price of Factors of Production”. Osaka Economic Papers; V.40-#3/4, pp. 393-402.

 

-R. Jones and P. Neary (1991). “Wage Sensitivity Rankings and Temporal Convergence”. in E. Helpman and A. Razin, eds. International Trade and Trade Policy. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 270-287.

 

-T. Ide and A. Takayama (1988). “Marshallian Stability and Factor-Market Distortions in a Small Open Economy”. ms: Southern Illinois University.

 

-T. Ide and A. Takayama (1988). “Marshallian Stability, Long-Run Equilibrium and the Pattern of Specialization Under Factor-Market Distortions in the Pure Theory of International Trade”. EcLets; V.27-#?, pp. 265-270.

 

-J. Markusen and R. Manning (1993). “Long-run Production Frontiers for the Jones Specific Factors Model with Optimal Capital Accumulation”. in W. Ethier, E. Helpman and J.P. Neary, eds. Theory, Policy and Dynamics in International Trade. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 252-267.

 

-A. Dixit (1989). “Intersectoral Capital Reallocation Under Price Uncertainty”. JIE; V.26-#?, pp. 309-325.

 

-A. Dixit (1993). “Prices of Goods and Factors in a Dynamic Stochastic Economy”. in W. Ethier, E. Helpman and J.P. Neary, eds. Theory, Policy and Dynamics in International Trade. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 175-190.

 

B. Trade Policy in the RV Model

 

1. Tariffs and Income Distribution

 

-M. Mussa (1974). “Tariffs and the Distribution of Income: The Importance of Specificity, Substitutability, and Intensity in the Short and Long Run”. JPE. V.82-#5, pp. 1191-1203.

 

-R. Jones (1975). “Income Distribution and Effective Protection in a Multicommodity Trade Model”. JET; V.11-#1, pp. 1-15.

 

-R. Ruffin and R. Jones (1977). “Protection and Real Wages: The Neoclassical Ambiguity”. JET. V.14-#?, pp. 337-348.

 

-J. Cassing (1986). “A Note on the Welfare Cost of a Tariff”. Eastern Economic Journal; V.12-#2, pp. 144-148.

 

-E. Berglas and A. Razin (1974). “Protection and Real Profits”. CJE; V.7-#4, pp. 655-664.

 

-D.G. Ferguson (1982). “Protection, Real Incomes and Aggregate Factor Substitution”. IER; V.23-#3, pp. 735-743.

 

-H. Thompson (1989). “Do Tariffs Protect Specific Factors”. CJE. V.22-#2, pp. 406-412.

 

-D. Burgess (1980). “Protection, Real Wages, and the Neoclassical Ambiguity with Interindustry Flows”. JPE. V.88-#4, pp. 783-802.

 

-A. Hosios (1982). “Short-Run and Long-Run Equilibrium for a Small Open Economy with an Intermediate Good”. JIE. V.13-#?, pp. 143-161.

 

-P.J. Lloyd (1987). “Protection Policy and the Assignment Rule”. in H. Kierzkowski, ed. Protection and Competition in International Trade. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 4-21.

 

-A.K. Parai (1991). “Tariffs and Income Distribution under Domestic Monopoly”. JIEI; V.6-#1, pp. 52-63.

 

-R. Jones (1996). “International Trade, Real Wages, and Technical Progress: The Specific-Factors Model”. International Review of Economics and Finance; V.5-#2, pp. 113-124.

 

2. Unemployment and Trade in the RV Model

 

-R. Batra and H. Beladi (1988). “Specific Factors, Unemployment and Trade Theory”. WA; V.124-#?, pp. 435-443.

 

-R. Batra and H. Beladi (1990). “Pattern of Trade Between Underemployed Economies”. Eca; V.57-#?, pp. 485-493.

 

-H. Beladi, B. Biswas and G. Tribedy (1990). “Optimum Trade Intervention in a Labour-Surplus Economy”. Scottish Journal of Political Economy; V.37-4; pp. 396-404.

 

-R. Batra (1992). “The Fallacy of Free Trade”. RIE; V.1-#1, pp. 19-31.

 

-R. Batra and D. Slottje (1993). “Trade Policy and Poverty in the US: Theory and Evidence, 1947-1990". RIE; V.1-#3, pp. 189-208.

 

3. Dynamics of Trade Liberalization Policy

 

-E. Leamer (1980). “Welfare Computations and the Optimal Staging of Tariff Reductions in Models with Adjustment Costs”. JIE; V.10-#?, pp. 21-36.

 

-J. Aizenman (1983). “Dynamics of Trade Liberalization Policy”. JDevEc; V.13-#?, pp. 133-142.

 

-E. Buffie (1984). “The Macroeconomics of Trade Liberalization”. JIE; V.17-#?, pp. 121-137.

 

-M. Mussa (1986). “The Adjustment Process and the Timing of Trade Liberalization”. in A. Choksi and D. Papageorgiou, eds. Economic Liberalization in Developing Countries. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 68-124.

 

4. Dutch Disease

 

-R. Eastwood and A. Venables (1982). “The Macroeconomic Implications of a Resource Discovery in an Open Economy”. EJ; V.92-#?, pp. 285-299. [Comment by Neary and Wijnbergen, EJ; V.94-#?, pp. 390-395.

 

-K. Norman and R. Jones (1980). “A Model of Trade and Unemployment”. in J. Green and J. Scheinkman, eds. General Equilibrium, Growth and Trade. New York: Academic Press, pp. 297-322.

 

-W.M. Corden and J.P. Neary (1982). “Booming Sector and Deindustrialization in a Small Open Economy”. EJ; V.92-#?, pp. 825-848.

 

-W. Buiter and D. Purvis (1982). “Oil, Disinflation and Export Competitiveness: A Model of the Dutch Disease”. in J. Bhandari and B. Putnam, eds. Economic Interdependence and Flexible Exchange Rates. Cambridge: MIT.

 

-J.P. Neary and D. Purvis (1982). “Sectoral Shocks in a Dependent Economy: Long-run Adjustment and Short-run Accomodation”. ScanJE; V.84-#2, pp. 229-253.

 

-J.P. Neary and D. Purvis (1983). “Real Adjustment and Exchange Rate Dynamics”. in J. Frenkel, ed. Exchange Rates and International Macroeconomics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 285-308.

 

-N.V. Long (1983). “The Effect of a Booming Export Sector on the Rest of the Economy”. EcRec; V.59-#1, pp. 57-60.

 

-S. Wijnbergen (1984). “The Dutch Disease: A Disease After All”. EJ; V.94-#?, pp. 41-45.

 

-J.P. Neary (1984). “Real and Monetary Aspects of the Dutch Disease”. in K. Jungenfeld, ed. Structural Adjustment in Developed Open Economies. London: Macmillan, pp.

 

-J. Cassing and P. Warr (1985). “The Distributional Impact of a Resource Boom”. JIE; V.15-#?, pp.

 

-W.M. Corden (1984). “Booming Sector and Dutch Disease Economics: Survey and Consolidation”. OEP; V.35-#?, pp. 359-380.

 

-R. Jones (1986). “The Dutch Disease: A Trade Theoretic Perspective”. in J.P. Neary and S. van Wijnbergen, eds. Natural Resources and the Economy. Oxford: Blackwell

 

-R. Jones, J.P. Neary and F. Ruane (1987). “Interntational Capital Mobility and the Dutch Disease”. in H. Kierzkowski, ed. Protection and Competition in International Trade. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 86-98.


V. FACTOR PROPORTIONS AND THE HECKSCHER-OHLIN-SAMUELSON THEORY

 

A. Structure of the HOS Model

 

1. Surveys/Overviews

 

-J. Chipman (1966). “A Survey of the Theory of International Trade: Part 3, The Modern Theory”. Etrica; V.34-#1, pp. 18-76.

 

-E. Leamer (1984). “Theories of International Trade”. Chapter 1 of Sources of International Comparative Advantage: Theory and Evidence. Cambridge: MIT, pp. 1-44.

 

-R. Jones (1987). “Heckscher-Ohlin Trade Theory”. in J. Eatwell, M. Milgate and P. Newman, eds. The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. New York: Stockton Press, pp. 620-627.

 

-W. Ethier (1987). “The Theory of International Trade”. in L. Officer, ed. International Economics. Boston: Kluwer, pp. 1-57.

 

-R. Jones (2002). “Heckscher-Ohlin Trade Models for the New Century”. In R. Findlay, L. Jonung, and M. Lundahl, eds. Bertil Ohlin: A Centennial Celebration. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 343-362.

 

-R. Jones (2003). “Trade Theory and Factor Intensities: An Interpretive Essay”. In E.K. Choi and J. Harrigan, eds. Handbook of International Trade. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 5-31.

 

-B. Hamminga (1983). Neoclassical Theory Structure and Theory Development: An Emprirical-Philosophical Case Study Concerning the Theory of International Trade. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

 

2. The 2x2 Model

 

-K. Lancaster (1957). “The Heckscher-Ohlin Trade Model: A Geometric Treatment”. Eca; V.?-#?, pp. 19-39.

 

-H.G. Johnson (1971). The Two-Sector Model of General Equilibrium. London: Allen and Unwin.

 

-A. Takayama (1972). “The Mathematical Structure of a Two-Sector Economy”. Chapter 2 of International Trade. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, pp. 43-68.

 

-M. Kemp (1969). “A Simple Closed Economy”. Chapter 1 of The Pure Theory of International Trade and Investment. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, pp. 5-29.

 

-R. Jones (1965). “The Structure of Simple General Equilibrium Models”. JPE; V.73-#6, pp. 557-572.

 

-R. Jones (1965). “Duality in International Trade: A Geometric Note”. CJE; V.31-#3, pp. 390-393.

 

-A. Woodland (1977). “A Dual Approach to Equilibrium in the Production Sector in International Trade Theory”. CJE; V.10-#1, pp. 50-68.

 

-M. Ikema (1978). “On the Factor-Price Frontier in the Pure Theory of International Trade”. Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics; V.18-#2, pp. 62-75.

 

-M. Mussa (1979). “The Two Sector Model in Terms of its Dual: A Geometric Exposition”. JIE; V.9-#4, pp. 513-526.

 

-U. Kohli (1983). “Production in the Heckscher-Ohlin-Samuelson Model of International Trade Theory: A Simple Mathematical Treatment”. Journal of Economic Studies; V.10-#2, pp. 42-49.

 

-U. Kohli (1995). “Stolper-Samuelson-Like and Rybczynski-Like Results in 2 x 2 Production Models”. Journal of International Trade and Economic Development; V.4-#1, pp. 63-79.

 

-R. Jones (1977). “‘Two-ness’ in Trade Theory: Costs and Benefits”. Special Papers in International Economics #12.

 

3. Dimensional Generalizations of the 2x2 Model

 

-W. Ethier (1984). “Higher Dimensional Issues in Trade Theory”. in R. Jones and P. Kenen, eds. Handbook of International Economics--Vol. 1. Amsterdam: North-Holland, 131-184.

 

-A. Dixit and V. Norman (1980). “Comparative Statics”. Chapter 4 of Theory of International Trade. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 127-164.

 

Thompson, Henry (2001). “International Trade with Three Factors, Goods or Countries”. Keio Economic Studies; V.38-#1, pp. 43-52.

 

Choi, E. Kwan (2003). “Implications of Many Industries in the Heckscher-Ohlin Model”. In E.K. Choi and J. Harrigan, eds. Handbook of International Trade. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 32-59.

 

B. Basic Results from the HOS Model

 

1. Factor-Price Equalization (FPE)

 

a. Overviews

 

-F. Rassekh and H. Thompson (1991). “The Status of the FPE Theorem”. JEI; V.8-#1, pp. 1-32.

 

b. Basic Analysis

 

-P. Samuelson (1948). “International Trade and the Equalization of Factor-Prices”. EJ; V.58-#230, pp. 163-184.

 

-P. Samuelson (1949). “International FPE Once Again”. EJ; V.59-#234, pp. 181-197.

 

-A. Lerner (1952). “Factor-Prices in International Trade”. Eca; V.19-#73, pp. 1-15. [Comment by Pearce on pp. 16-18.]

 

-J. Meade (1950). “The Equalization of Factor Prices: The Two-Country, Two-Factor, Three-Product Case”. Metroeconomica; V.2-#?, pp. 129-133.

 

-I. Pearce (1951-52). “The FPE Myth”. REStud; V.19-#2, pp. 111-119. [Comment by Samuelson, V.19-#2, pp. 121-122.]

 

-H.G. Johnson (1957). “Factor Endowments, International Trade and Factor Prices”. MS; V.25-#3, pp. 270-283.

 

-R. Harrod (1958). “Factor-Price Relations under Free Trade”. EJ; V.68-#?, pp. 245-255.

 

-I. Pearce (1959). “A Further Note on Factor-Commodity Price Relationships”. EJ; V.69-#?, pp. 725-732.

 

-A.H. Land (1959). “Factor Endowments and Factor Prices”. Eca; V.26-#?, pp. 137-142. (mathematical appendix by H. Kuhn, pp. 142-144).

 

-H.G. Johnson (1967). “The Possibility of FPE when Commodities Outnumber Factors”. Eca; V.34-#?, pp. 282-288.

 

-T. Bertrand (1970). “On FPE when Commodities Outnumber Factors: A Note”. Eca; V.?-#?, pp. 86-88.

 

-J. Melvin (1968). “Production and Trade with Two Factors and Three Goods”. AER; V.58-#5, pp. 1249-1268.

 

-J. Vanek and T. Bertrand (1971). “Trade and Factor Prices in a Multi-Commodity World”. in J. Bhagwati, et al. eds., Trade, Balance of Payments and Growth. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 49-65.

 

-W.P. Travis (1972). “Production, Trade and Protection When There are Many Commodities and Two Factors”. AER; V.72-#?, pp. 87-106.

 

-W. Mayer (1976). “A Small Open Economy with More Produced Commodities than Factors”. Etrica; V.44-#3, pp. 561-573.

 

-D. Stewart (1976). “Can Trade Widen the Difference Between Factor Rewards? Another Look at the More-Goods-than-Factors Case”. AER; V.66-#4, pp. 671-674.

 

-W.P. Travis (1964). “The Equalization Region”. Chapter 1 of The Theory of Trade and Protection. Cambridge: Harvard, pp. 1-38.

 

-A. Dixit and V. Norman (1980). “Trade, Specialization, and Factor Prices”. Chapter 4 in Theory of International Trade. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 93-125.

 

-J. Chipman (1985). “Product Diversification, Equalization of Factor Rentals, and Consumer Preferences”. in H. Milde and H. Monissen, eds. Rational Wirtschaftspolitik in komplexen Gesellschaften. Stuttgart: Verlag W. Kohlhammer, pp. 284-295.

 

-P. Joshi (1987). “The Heckscher-Ohlin Model and the FPE Theorem Under Alternative Conditions: A Geometrical Exposition”. Indian Economic Journal; V.34-#3, pp. 92-108.

 

-G. McMahon (1988). “Dual FPE: Elements of a Theory”. World Development; V.16-#8, pp. 903-912.

 

-E.V. Morgan and G. Rees (1954). “Non-Traded Goods and FPE”. Eca; V.21-#?, pp. 334-339.

 

-N.F. Laing (1961). “FPE in International Trade and Returns to Scale”. EcRec; V.37-#?, pp. 339-351.

 

c. Dimensional Generalizations

 

(1) Global Univalence

 

-P. Samuelson (1953). “Prices of Factors and Goods in General Equilibrium”. REStud; V.21-#54, pp. 1-20.

 

-D. Gale and H. Nikaido (1965). “The Jacobian Matrix and the Global Univalence of Mappings”. Mathematische Annalen, V.159-#2, pp. 81-93.

 

-I. Pearce (1967). “More about FPE”. IER; V.8-#3, pp. 255-270.

 

-L. McKenzie (1967). “The Inversion of Cost Functions: A Counter-Example and Theorem and Counter-Example”. IER; V.8-#3, pp. 271-285.

 

-P. Samuelson (1967). “Summary on FPE”. IER; V.8-#3, pp. 286-295.

 

-I. Pearce (1967). “Rejoinder to Professor Samuelson's Summary”. IER; V.8-#3, pp. 300-306.

 

-I. Pearce (1970). “The FPE Controversey”. Chapter 16 in International Trade. New York: Norton, pp. 476-529.

 

-H. Nikaido (1972). “Relative Shares and Factor Price Equalization”. JIE; V.2-#?, pp. 257-263.

 

-A. Mas-Colell (1979). “Homeomorphisms of Compact, Convex Sets and the Jacobian Matrix”. SIAM Journal of Mathematical Analysis; V.10-#6, pp. 1105-1109.

 

-A. Mas-Colell (1979). “Two Propositions on the Global Univalence of Systems of Cost Functions”. in J. Green and J. Schienkaman, eds. General Equilibrium, Growth and Trade. San Diego : Academic Press, pp. 323-331.

 

-T. Bandyopadhyay and T. Biswas (1994). “Global Univalence when Mappings are not Necessarily Continuous”. JMathE; V.23-#?, pp. 435-450.

 

(2) Cones of Diversification

 

-L. McKenzie (1955). “Equality of Factor Prices in World Trade”. Etrica; V.23-#3, pp. 239-257.

 

-H. Uzawa (1959). “Prices of the Factors of Production in International Trade”. Etrica; V.27-#3, pp. 448-468.

 

-H. Kuhn (1959). “Factor Endowments and Factor Prices: Mathematical Appendix”. Eca; V.26-#?, pp. 142-144.

 

-J. Chipman (1966). “Specialization and Diversification: The Kuhn Condition”. Etrica, V.34-#1, pp. 25-29. [section 3.3 in Part III of Chipman’s survey]

 

-W. Hong (1970). “The Heckscher-Ohlin Theory of FPE and the Indeterminacy of International Specialization”. IER; V.11-#2, pp. 328-333.

 

-K. Suzumura (1971). “International Equalization of Factor Prices in Leontief Model with Variable Coefficients”. Metroeconomica; V.23-#1, pp. 1-15.

 

-A. Takayama (1971). “The Factor Price Equalization Theorem and the Stolper-Samuelson Theorem Revisited”. Chapter 18 of International Trade. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston

 

-P. Maiti (1973). “FPE Theorem in Linear Programming”. JIE; V.3-4, pp. 367-378

 

-L. Wegge (1974). “Independent Domestic Production Cones and Uniqueness of Domestic Prices”. JIE; V.4-#2, pp. 163-175.

 

-T. Rader (1978). “On FPE”. JMathE; V.5-#?, pp. 71-82.

 

-T. Rader (1979). “FPE with More Industries than Factors”. in J. Green and J. Schienkman, eds. General Equilibrium, Growth and Trade. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 347-354.

 

-K. Nishimura (1981). “Kuhn's Intensity Hypothesis Revisited”. REStud; V.48-#?, pp. 351-354.

 

-K. Nishimura (1991). “FPE”. in A. Takayama, M. Ohyama and H. Ohta, eds. Trade, Trade Policy and International Adjustments. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 275-284.

 

-L. Qi (1997). “The Problem of FPE”. The Japanese Economic Review; V.48-#4, pp. 445-452.

 

(3) Necessary and Sufficient Conditions

 

-S. Reiter (1961). “Efficient International Trade and the Equalization of Factor Prices”. IER; V.2-#?, pp. 29-64.

 

-K. Kuga (1972). “The FPE Theorem”. Etrica; V.40-#?, pp. 723-736.

 

-C. Blackorby, W. Schworm and A. Venables (1993). “Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for FPE”. REStud; V.60-#2, pp. 413-434.

 

(4) Global Equilibrium and FPE

 

-H. Uzawa (1959). “Prices of Factors of Production in International Trade”. Econometrica; V.27-#?, pp. 448-468.

 

-H. Wu (1987). “The Equalization of Factor Prices in General Equilibrium when Commodities Outnumber Factors”. JIE; V.23-#3/4, pp. 343-356.

 

-A. Deardorff (1986). “FIRless FIRwoes: How Preferences Can Interfere with the Theorems of International Trade”. JIE; V.20-#1/2, pp. 131-142.

 

-A. Deardorff (1994). “The Possibility of FPE, Revisited”. JIE; V.36-#1/2, pp. 167-175.

 

-U. Demiroglu and K.K. Yun (1999). “The Lens Condition for Factor Price Equalization”. JIE; V.47-#2, pp. 449-456.

 

-C. Xiang (2001). “The Sufficiency of the ‘Lens Condition’ for Factor Price Equalization in the Case of Two Factors”. JIE; V.53-#2, pp. 463-474.

 

-P. Debeare and U. Demiroglu (2003). “On the Similarity of Country Endowments”. JIE; V.59-#1, pp. 101-136.

 

-Kwan Koo Yun (2003). “Similarity of Endowments and the Factor Price Equalization Condition”. Economic Theory; 21-#2/3, pp. 605-612.

 

-S.-k. Wong and K.K. Yun (2003). “The Lens Condition with Two Factors”. RIE; V.11-#4, pp. 692-696

 

-Ling Qi (2003). “Conditions for Factor Price Equalization in the Integrated World”. Review of International Economics; V.11-#5, pp. 899-908.

 

-R. Falvey (1999). “Trade Liberalization and Factor Price Convergence”. JIE; V.49-#1, pp. 195-210.

 

d. Testing FPE

 

-G. Floystad (1974). “FPE in Theory and Practice”. WA; V.?-#?, pp. 554-578.

 

-A. Tovias (1982). “Testing FPE in the EEC”. JCMS; V.20-E, pp. 375-388.

 

-H. Gemmen (1985). “Testing the FPE Theorem in the EC: An Alternative Approach”. JCMS; V.23-#3, pp. 277-286. [Comment by A. Mourik, JCMS, (1987), pp. 79-86]

 

-D. Dollar, E. Wolff and W. Baumol (1988). “The FPE Model and Industry Labor Productivity: An Empirical Test Across Countries”. in R. Feenstra, ed. Empirical Methods for International Trade. Cambridge: MIT, pp. 23-47.

 

-J. Alston and P. Johnson (1988). “FPE among International Farmland Markets”. Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics; V.32-#2/3, pp. 142-152.

 

-M. Mokhtari and F. Rassekh (1989). “The Tendency Towards FPE Among OECD Countries”. REStat; V.71-#?, pp. 636-642.

 

-F. Rassekh and H. Thompson (1993). “Factor Price Equalization: Theory and Evidence”. Journal of Economic Integration; V.8-#1, pp. 1-32.

 

-T. Burgman and J. Geppert (1993). “Factor Price Equalization: A Cointegration Approach”. WA; V.129-#3, pp. 472-487.

 

-G. Rayp (1998). “An Empirical Test of the Dixit-Norman Approach to Factor Price Equalization, Using Cointegration Techniques”. WA; V.134-#3, pp. 484-512.

 

-A. Revenga and C. Montenegro (1998). “North American Integration and Factor Price Equalization: Is there Evidence of Wage Convergence between Mexico and the United States”. in S. Collins, ed. Imports, Exports and the American Worker. Washington, DC: Brookings, pp. 305-347.

 

-H. Berger and F. Westermann (2001). “Factor Price Equalization?: The Cointegration Approach Revisited”. WA; V.137-#3, pp. 525-536.

 

-M. Slaughter (2001). “Does Trade Liberalization Converge Factor Prices? Evidence from the Antebellum Transportation Revolution”. Journal of International Trade and Economic Development; V.10--#3, pp. 339-362.

 

-F. Rassekh and H. Thompson (1998). “Micro and macro convergence: Factor price equalization and per capita income”. Pacific Economic Review; V.3-#1, pp. 3-11.

 

-K. O’Rourke and J. Williamson (1994). “Late-19th Century Anglo-American Factor-Price Convergence: Were Heckscher and Ohlin Right?”. Journal of Economic History; V.54-#4, pp. 892-916. [erratum, V.55-#4, pp. 921-922.]

 

-K. O’Rourke, A. Taylor and J. Williamson (1996). “Factor Price Convergence in the Late Nineteenth Century”. IER; V.37-#3, pp. 499-530.

 

-K. O’Rourke and J. Williamson (2002). “The Heckscher-Ohlin Model between 1400 and 2000: When It Explained Factor Price Convergence, When It Did Not, and Why”. In R. Findlay, L. Jonung, and M. Lundahl, eds. Bertil Ohlin: A Centennial Celebration. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 431-461.

 

-L. Officer (1974). “Purchasing Power Parity and FPE”. KYKLOS; V.27-#4, pp. 879-883. [Includes comment by B. Balassa]

 

2. Price Change and Real Income: The Stolper-Samuelson Theorem

 

a. Overviews

 

-R. Jones (1993). “Reflections on the Stolper-Samuelson Theorem”. in H. Herberg and N.V. Long, eds., Trade, Welfare and Economic Policies. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp. 21-36.

 

-A. Deardorff and R. Stern, eds. (1994). The Stolper-Samuelson Theorem: A Golden Jubilee. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

 

-H. Thompson (2003). “Robustness of the Stolper-Samuelson Intensity Price Link”. In E.K. Choi and J. Harrigan, eds. Handbook of International Trade. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 60-84.

 

b. Basic Analysis

 

-W. Stolper and P. Samuelson (1941). “Protection and Real Wages”. REStud. V.9-#1, pp. 58-73.

 

-L. Metzler (1949). “Tariffs, Terms of Trade, and the Distribution of National Income”. Journal of Political Economy; V.57-#1, pp. 1-29.

 

-K. Lancaster (1957). “Protection and Real Wages: A Restatement”. EJ; V.67-#266, pp. 199-210.

 

-J. Bhagwati (1959). “Protection, Real Wages and Real Incomes”. EJ; V.69-#276, pp 733-748.

 

-H.G. Johnson (1960). “Income Distribution, the Offer Curve and the Effects of Tariffs”. MS; V.28-#3, pp. 215-242.

 

-V.S. Rao (1971). “Tariffs and Welfare of Factor Owners: A Normative Extension of the Stolper-Samuelson Theorem”. JIE; V.1-#4, pp. 401-415.

 

-W. Ethier (1984). “Protection and Real Incomes Once Again”. QJE; V.?-#?, pp. 193-200.

 

-U. Kohli (1995). “Stolper-Samuelson-Like and Rybczynski-Like Results in 2 x 2 Production Models”. Journal of International Trade and Economic Development; V.4-#1, pp. 63-79.

 

c. Dimensional Generalizations

 

(1) The 2 Good × 3 Factor Neoclassical Model

 

-R. Warne (1973). “The Heckscher-Ohlin Model with Three Factors and Two Goods”. Economic Record; V.49-#126, pp. 300-305.

 

-M. Dompierre (1983). “The Heckscher-Ohlin Model with Three Factors and Two Goods: A Comment”. Economic Record; V.59-#164, pp. 88-90.

 

-R. Batra and F. Casas (1976). “A Synthesis of the Heckscher-Ohlin and the Neoclassical Models of International Trade”. JIE; V.6-#?, pp. 21-38. (comment by K. Suzuki, JIE, V.14-#?, pp. 141-144.

 

-R. Ruffin (1981). “Trade and Factor Movements with Three Factors and Two Goods”. EcLets; V.7-#?, pp. 177-182.

 

-R. Jones and S. Easton (1983). “Factor Intensities and Factor Substitution in General Equilibrium”. JIE; V.15-#?, pp. 65-99.

 

-R. Jones (1985). “A Theorem on Income Distribution in a Small Open Economy”. JIE; V.18-#?, pp. 171-176.

 

-H. Thompson and D. Clark (1983). “Factor Movements with Three Factors and Two Goods in the US Economy”. EcLets; V.12-#?, pp. 53-60.

 

-H. Thompson (1985). “Complementarity in a Simple General Equilibrium Production Model”. CJE; V.18-#3, pp. 616-621.

 

-H. Thompson (1986). “Free Trade and Factor Price Polarization”. EER; V.30-#?, pp. 419-425.

 

-H. Thompson (1990). “Industrial Shut-downs and Medium-run Factor Intensity Reversals”. CJE; V.23-#2, pp. 446-453.

 

-H. Thompson (1993). “The Magnification Effect with Three Factors”. Keio Economic Studies; V.30-#2, pp. 57-64.

 

-K.Y. Wong (1990). “Factor Intensity Reversal in a Multi-Factor, Two-Good Economy”. JET; V.41-#?, pp. 434-442.

 

(2) The n Good × 3 Factor Model

 

-E. Leamer (1987). “Paths of Development in the Three-factor, N-good General Equilibrium Model”. JPE; V.95-#?, pp. 961-999.

 

-R. Jones and S. Marjit (1991). “The Stolper-Samuelson Theorem, the Leamer Triangle and the Produced Mobile Factor Structure”. in A. Takayama, et al. eds. Trade, Policy, and International Adjustments. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 95-107.

 

-R. Jones (1992). “Factor Scarcity, Factor Abundance and Attitudes Toward Protection: the 3x3 Model”. JIEI; V.7-#1, pp. 1-19.

 

-E. Leamer (1994). “Commemorating the Fiftieth Birthday of the Stolper-Samuelson Theorem”. in A. Deardorff and R. Stern, eds, The Stolper-Samuelson Theorem: A Golden Jubilee. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp. 289-307.

 

-P. Brock (1994). “Economic Development and the Relative Price of Non-Tradables: Global Dynamics of the Krueger-Deardorff-Leamer Model”. RIE; V.2-#3, pp. 268-283.

 

(3) Minimal Conditions on Even Technology

 

-N. Minabe (1967). “The Stolper-Samuelson Theorem, the Rybczynski Effect, and the Heckscher-Ohlin Theory of Trade Pattern and Factor-Price Equalization: The Case of Many-Commodity, Many Factor Country”. CJEPS; V.33-#?, pp. 401-419.

 

-H. Kuhn (1967). “On Two Theorems in International Trade”. B. DeFinetti, ed. Economia Matematica. Rome: Edizioni Cremonese, pp. 105-117.

 

-J. Chipman (1969). “Factor Price Equalization and the Stolper-Samuelson Theorem”. IER; V.10-#3, pp 399-406.

 

-M. Kemp and L. Wegge (1969). “On the Relation Between Commodity Prices and Factor Rewards”. IER; V.10-#3, pp. 407-413.

 

-L. Wegge and M. Kemp (1969). “Generalizations of the Stolper-Samuelson and Samuelson-Rybczynski Theorems in Terms of Conditional Input-Output Coefficients”. IER; V.10-#3, pp. 414-425.

 

-Y. Uekawa (1971). “Generalization of the Stolper-Samuelson Theorem”. Etrica; V.39-#2, pp. 197-217.

 

-K. Inada (1971). “The Production Coefficient Matrix and the Stolper-Samuelson Condition”. Etrica; V.39-#2, pp. 219-239.

 

-Y. Uekawa, M. Kemp and L. Wegge (1972). “P- and PN-Matrices, Minkowski- and Metzler-Matrices, and Generalizations of the Stolper-Samuelson and Samuelson-Rybczynski Theorems”. JIE; V.3-#?, pp. 53-76.

 

-R. Jones and S. Marjit (1985). “A Simple Production Model with Stolper-Samuelson Properties”. IER; V.26-#3, pp. 565-567.

 

-R. Jones, S. Marjit and T. Mitra (1993). “The Stolper-Samuelson Theorem: Links to Dominant Diagonals”. Becker, et al. eds. General Equilibrium, Growth and Trade, II. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 429-441.

 

-R.A. Willoughby (1977). “The Inverse M-matrix Problem”. Linear Algebra and Its Applications; V.18-#1, pp. 75-94.

 

-R. Jones and T. Mitra (1995). “Share Ribs and Income Distribution”. RIE; V.3-#1, pp. 36-52.

 

-T. Mitra and R. Jones (1999). “Factor Shares and the Chipman Condition”. in James Melvin, James Moore, and Ray Riezman, eds., Trade, Welfare, and Econometrics: Essays in Honor of John S. Chipman. New York: Routledge, pp. 125-133.

 

-K. Shimomura (1997). “A Geometric Approach to the Stolper-Samuelson Theorem”. IER; V38-#3, pp. 647-656.

 

-P.J. Lloyd and A. Schweinberger (1997). “Conflict Generating Product Price Changes: The Imputed Output Approach”. EER; V.41-#?, pp. 1569-1587.

 

(4) “Correlation” Generalizations

 

-W. Ethier (1982). “The General Role of Factor Intensity in the Theorems of International Trade”. EcLets; V.10-#3/4, pp. 337-342.

 

-A. Deardorff and R. Staiger (1988). “An Interpretation of the Factor Content of Trade”. JIE; V.24-#?, pp. 93-107.

 

(5) “Friends and Enemies” Generalizations

 

-W. Ethier (1974). “Some Theorems of International Trade with Many Goods and Factors”. JIE; V.4-#?, pp. 199-206.

 

-M. Kemp and H. Wan (1976). “Relatively Simple Generalizations of the Stolper-Samuelson and Samuelson-Rybczynski Theorems”. in M. Kemp ed. Three Topics in the Theory of International Trade. Amsterdam: North Holland, pp. 49-59.

 

-W.E. Diewert and A. Woodland (1977). “Frank Knight's Theorem in Linear Programming”. Etrica; V.45-#2, pp. 375-398.

 

-R. Jones and J. Scheinkman (1977). “The Relevance of the Two-Sector Production Model in Trade Theory”. JPE; V.85-#5, pp. 909-935.

 

-W. Chang (1979). “Some Theorems of Trade and General Equilibrium with Many Goods and Factors”. Etrica, V.47-#3, pp. 709-726.

 

-I. Egawa (1978). “Some Remarks on the Stolper-Samuelson and Rybczynski Theorems”. JIE; V.8-#?, pp. 525-536.

 

-Y. Uekawa (1979). “On the Concepts of Factor Intensities and the Relation Between Commodity Prices and Factor Rewards”. in J. Green and J. Schienkman, eds. General Equilibrium, Growth and Trade. New York: Academic Press, pp. 333-346.

 

-J. Cassing (1981). “On the Relationship between Commodity Price Changes and Factor-Owners Real Positions”. JPE; V.89-#?, pp. 593-595.

 

-R. Jones (1985). “Relative Prices and Real Factor Rewards: A Reinterpretation”. EcLets; V.19-#1, pp. 47-49.

 

-P. Lloyd and A. Schweinberger (1997). “Conflict Generating Product Price Changes: The Imputed Output Approach”. EER; V.41-#8, pp. 1569-1587.

 

-P. Lloyd (2000). “Generalizing the Stolper-Samuelson Theorem: A Tale of Two Matrices”. RIE; V.8-#4, pp. 597-613.

 

-W.L. Cheng, J. Sachs, and X. Yang (2000). “A General-Equilibrium Re-appraisal of the Stolper-Samuelson Theorem”. Zeitschrift fur Nationalokonomie; V.72-#1, pp. 1-18.

 

(6) Aggregation Conditions and “Block” Generalizations

 

-G. Fishburn and M. Kemp (1977). “An Analysis of Price:Rental and Endowment:Output Relationships in Terms of Specific-Factor and Specific-Product Blocks”. EcRec; V.?-#?, pp. 219-226.

 

-J.P. Neary (1985). “Two-by-Two International Trade Theory with Many Goods and Factors”. Etrica; V.53-#5, pp. 1233-1247.

 

-J.P. Neary (1984). “The Heckscher-Ohlin Model as an Aggregate”. in A. Ingham and A. Ulph, eds. Demand, Equilibrium and Trade. London: Macmillan, pp. 57-76.

 

-J. Chipman (1994). “The Stolper-Samuelson Theorem and the Problem of Aggregation”. in A. Deardorff and R. Stern, eds, The Stolper-Samuelson Theorem: A Golden Jubilee. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp. 235-270.

 

d. Empirical Testing/Application of Stolper-Samuelson

 

(1) Overviews

 

-A. Deardorff and D. Hakura (1994). “Trade and Wages: What are the Questions?”. In J. Bhagwati and M. Kosters, eds. Trade and Wages: Leveling Wages Down? Washington, DC: AEI, pp. 76-107.

 

-R. Baldwin (1995). “The Effects of Trade and Foreign Direct Investment on Employment and Relative Wages”. OECD Economic Studies, #23, pp. 7-54.

 

-J.D. Richardson (1995). “Income Inequality and Trade: How to Think, What to Conclude”. Journal of Economic Perspectives, V.9-#3, pp. 33-55.

 

-R. Lawrence (1996) Single World, Divided Nations? Globalization and OECD Labor Markets. Washington, DC: Brookings\OECD.

 

-E. Leamer (1999). “Competition in Tradables as a Driving Force of Rising Income Inequality”. in H. Siebert, ed. Globalization and Labor. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck/Institut für Weltwirtschaft, pp. 119-152.

 

-E. Leamer (2000). “Foreigners and Robots: Assistants of Some, Competitors of Others”. in A. Deardorff and R. Stern, eds. Social Dimensions of U.S. Trade Policy. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp. 19-52.

 

-S. Das (2001). “Trade and Personal Distribution of Wealth and Income: Beyond the Stolper-Samuelson Theorem”. Pacific Economic Review, V.6-#1, pp. 1-23.

 

(2) Checking Consistency of Data with Low-Dimensional Models

 

-R. Lawrence and M. Slaughter (1993). “Trade and US Wages: Giant Sucking Sound or Small Hiccup?”. BPEA; V.1993-#2, pp. 161-210.

 

-P. Krugman and R. Lawrence (1994). “Trade, Jobs and Wages”. Scientific American; April, pp. 44-49.

 

-J. Bhagwati and V. Dehejia (1994). “International Trade Theory and Wages of the Unskilled”. In J. Bhagwati and M. Kosters, eds. Trade and Wages: Leveling Wages Down? Washington, DC: AEI, pp. 36-75.

 

-R. Cooper (1994). “Foreign Trade, Wages and Unemployment”. In H. Giersch, ed. Fighting Europe’s Unemployment in the 1990's. Berlin: Springer, pp. 93-117.

 

-M. Slaughter (199?). “The Impact of Internationalisation on US Income Distribution”. Finance and the International Economy. AMEX Prize Essays, pp. 145-158.

 

-P. Krugman (1997). “Trade and Wages”. in D. Kreps and K. Wallis, eds. Advances in Economics and Econometrics: Theory and Applications. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 1-18.

 

-J. Bhagwati (1998). “Trade and Wages: A Malignant Relationship?”. in S. Collins, ed. Imports, Exports and the American Worker. Washington, DC: Brookings, pp. 49-99.

 

-F.L. Pryor (1999). “The Impact of Foreign Trade on the Employment of Unskilled U.S. Workers: Some New Evidence”. SEJ; V.65-#3, pp. 472-472.

 

-R. Jones, R. (1997). “Trade, Technology, and Income Distribution”. Indian Economic Review; V.32-#2, pp. 129-40.

 

(3) Trade and Labor Demand, 1: Factor-Content Studies

 

(a) Theory and Method

 

-A. Deardorff and R. Staiger (1988). “An Interpretation of the Factor Content of Trade”. Journal of International Economics; V.24-#1/2, pp. 93-107.

 

-E. Leamer (2000). “What’s the Use of Factor Contents”. JIE, V50-#1, pp. 17-49.

 

-P. Krugman (2000). “Technology, Trade and Factor Prices”. JIE, V50-#1, pp. 51-71.

 

-A. Deardorff (2000). “Factor Prices and the Factor Content of Trade Revisited: What’s the Use”. JIE, V50-#1, pp. 73-90.

 

-A. Panagariya (2000). “Evaluating the Factor-Content Approach to Measuring the Effect of Trade on Wage Inequality”. JIE, V50-#1, pp. 91-116.

 

-R. Baldwin (2000). “Inferring Relative Factor Price Changes from Quantitative Data”. in M. Blomström and L. Goldberg, Eds. Topics in Empirical International Economics: A Festschrift in Honor of Bob Lipsey. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 47-64.

 

-W. Kohler (1999). “Trade and Wages: What Can Factor Contents Tell Us?”. ms: Department of Economics, University of Linz.

 

-B. Xu (2001). “Factor Bias, Sector Bias and the Effects of Technical Progress on Relative Factor Prices”. JIE; V.54-#1, pp. 5-25.

 

-A. Wood (1991). “The Factor Content of North-South Trade in Manufactures Reconsidered”. WA; V.127-#4, pp. 719-743.

 

(b) Applications

 

-K. Murphy and F. Welch (1991). “The Role of International Trade in Wage Differentials”. In M. Kosters, ed. Workers and Their Wages: Changing Patterns in the US. Washington, DC: AEI, pp. 39-69.

 

-K. Murphy and F. Welch (1992). “The Structure of Wages”. QJE; V.107-#1, pp. 285-326.

 

-L. Katz and K. Murphy (1992). “Changes in Relative Wages, 1963-1987: Supply and Demand Factors”. QJE; V.107-#1, pp. 35-78.

 

-J. Bound and G. Johnson (1992). “Changes in the Structure of Wages in the 1980's: An Evaluation of Alternative Explanations”. AER; V.82-#3, pp. 371-392.

 

-G. Johnson and F. Stafford (1993). “International Competition and Real Wages”. AER; V.83-#2, pp. 127-131.

 

-A. Wood (1994). North-South Trade, Employment and Inequality. New York: OUP.

 

-E. Berman, J. Bound, and Z. Griliches (1994). “Changes in the Demand for Skilled Labor within US Manufacturing Industries: Evidence from th Annual Survey of Manufacturing”. QJE; V.109-#?, pp. 367-398.

 

-J. Sachs and H. Shatz (1994). “Trade and Jobs in U.S. Manufacturing”. BPEA; #1, pp. 1-69.

 

-J. Sachs and H. Shatz (1998). “International Trade and Wage Inequality in the US: Some New Results”. in S. Collins, ed. Imports, Exports and the American Worker. Washington, DC: Brookings, pp. 215-254.

 

-G. Borjas, R. Freeman, and L. Katz (1992). “On the Labor Market Effects of Immigration and Trade”. in G. Borjas and R. Freeman, eds. Immigration and the Workforce. Chicago: Univeristy of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 213-244.

 

-G. Borjas, R. Freeman, and L. Katz (1997). “How Much do Immigration and Trade Affect Labor Market Outcomes?”. BPEA; #1, pp. 1-67.

 

-E. Berman, J. Bound and S. Machin (1998). “Implications of Skill-Biased Technological Change: International Evidence”. QJE; V.113-#4, pp. 1245-1279.

 

-M. Rebick (1999). “Trade and Wage Structure in the Presence of Price Differentials in the Product Market: The Japanese Labor Market 1965-1990”. Journal of the Japanese and International Economies; V.13-#1, pp. 22-43.

 

-M. Anderson and S. Smith (2000). “Canadian Trade and Wages: Lessons from the Past, Prospects for the Future”. World Economy; V.23-#8, pp. 1005-1029.

 

(4) Trade and Labor Demand, 2: Trade and Labor Demand Elasticity

 

-D. Rodrik (1997). “Consequences of Trade for Labor Markets and the Employment Relationship”. Has Globalization Gone Too Far. Washington, DC: IIE, pp. 11-27.

 

-P. Krugman (1999). “Domestic Policies in a Global Economy”. In S. Collins and R. Lawrence, eds. Brookings Trade Forum 1999. Washington, DC: Brookings, pp. 73-93. [esp. “Appendix: Trade and the Elasticity of Demand for Labor”, pp. 89-93.]

 

-Jean, Sebastien (2000). “The Effect of International Trade on Labor-Demand Elasticities: Intersectoral Matters”. Review of International Economics; V.8-#3, pp. 504-16.

 

-M. Slaughter (2001). “International Trade and Labor-Demand Elasticities”. Journal of International Economics; V.54-#1, pp. 27-56.

 

-Sajjid Chinoy, Pravin Krishna, and Devashish Mitra (2001). “Trade Liberalization and Labor Demand Elasticities: Evidence from Turkey”. Journal of International Economics, V.55-#2, pp. 391-409.

 

-Panagariya, A. (1999). “Trade Openness: Consequences for the Elasticity of Demand for Labor and Wage Outcomes”. Ms: University of Maryland.

 

(5) The Jones-Baldwin Decomposition: Mandated Wage Regressions

 

-M. Slaughter (2000). “What Are The Results of Product-Price Studies and What Can We Learn From Their Differences?”. in R. Feenstra, ed. The Impact of International Trade on Wages. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 129-165.

 

-R.S. Hilton (1984). “Commodity Trade and Relative Return to Factors of Production”. JIE; V.16-#3/4, pp. 259-270.

 

-R. Baldwin and R.S. Hilton (1984). “A Technique for Indicating Comparative Costs and Predicting Changes in Trade Ratios”. Review of Economics and Statistics; V.66-#1, pp. 105-110.

 

-R. Baldwin and G. Cain (2000). “Shifts in Relative US Wages: The Role of Trade, Technology and Factor Endowments”. REStat; V.82-#4, pp. 580-595.

 

-R. Baldwin (2001). “Inferring Relative Factor Price Changes from Quantitative Data”. in M. Blomstrom and L. Goldberg, eds. Topics in Empirical International Economicss: A Festschrift in Honor of Robert E. Lipsey, Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 47-64.

 

-E. Leamer (1998). “In Search of Stolper-Samuelson Effects on US Wages”. in S. Collins, ed. Imports, Exports and the American Worker. Washington, DC: Brookings, pp. 141-214.

 

-A. Courakis, K. Maskus, and A. Webster (1997). “Occupational Employment and Wage Changes in the UK: Trade and Technology Effects”. in J. Borkakoti and C. Milner, eds. International Trade and Labour Markets. London: Macmillan, pp. 169-202.

 

-R. Feenstra and G. Hanson (1999). “The impact of outsourcing and high-technology capital on wages: Estimates for the United States, 1979-1990". QJE; V.114-#3, pp. 907-940.

 

-A. Krueger (1997). “Labor Market Shifts and the Price Puzzle Revisited”. NBER Working Paper, #5924.

 

-J. Schmitt and L. Mishel (1996). “Did International Trade Lower Less-Skilled Wages During the 1980s? Standard Trade Theory and Evidence”. Economic Policy Institute Technical Paper.

 

-J. Adams (1997). “Technology, Trade, and Wages”. NBER Working Paper, #5940.

 

-J. Haskel and M. Slaughter (2001). “Trade, Technology and U.K. Wage Inequality”. Economic Journal, V.111-#468, pp. 163-187

 

-T. Desjonqueres, S. Machin, and J. Van Reenen (1999). “Another Nail in the Coffin? Or Can the Trade Based Explanation of Changing Skill Structures be Resurrected?”. ScanJE; V.101-#4, pp. 533-554.

 

-M. Lücke (1999). “Trade with Low-income Countries and the Relatives Wages and Employment Opportunities of the Unskilled: An Exploratory Analysis for West Germany and the UK”. in P. Brenton and J. Pelkmans, eds. Global Trade and European Workers. London: Macmillan, pp. 69-95.

 

-R. Lawrence (2000). “Does a Kick in the Pants Get You Going or Does It Just Hurt? The Impact of International Competition on Change in U.S. Manufacturing”. in R. Feenstra, ed. The Impact of International Trade on Wages. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 197-219.

 

(6) Duality Approach via National Product Functions

 

-D. Burgess (1976). “Tariffs and Income Distribution--Some Empirical Evidence for the US”. JPE; V.84-#1, pp. 17-45.

 

-J. Chipman (1978). “Towards the Construction of an Optimal Aggregative Model of International Trade: West Germany, 1963-1975". Annasl of Economic and Social Measurement; V.6-#?, pp. 535-554.

 

-U. Kohli (1991). Technology, Duality, and Foreign Trade. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

 

-U. Kohli (1995). “Stolper-Samuelson-like and Rybczynski-like Results in 2 × 2 Production Models”. Journal of International Trade and Economic Development; V.4-#1, pp. 63-79.

 

-E. Leamer (1993). “Wage Effects of a US-Mexican Free Trade Agreement”. In P. Garber, ed. The Mexico-US Free Trade Agreement. Cambridge: MIT, pp. 57-125

 

-J. Harrigan (2000). “International Trade and American Wages in General Equilibrium, 1967-1995. in R. Feenstra, ed. The Impact of International Trade on Wages. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 171-193.

 

-J. Harrigan and R. Balaban (1999). “U.S. Wages in General Equilibrium: Estimating the Effects of Trade, Technology, and Factor Supplies, 1963-1991". NBER Working Paper; #6981.

 

-C. Tombazos (1998). “U.S. Production Technology and the Effects of Imports on the Demand for Primary Factors”. REStat; V.80-#3, pp. 480-483.

 

-C. Tombazos (1999). “The Role of Imports in Expanding the Demand Gap Between Skilled and Unskilled Labour in the U.S.”. Applied Economics; V.62-#3, pp. 509-517.

 

-C. Tombazos (1999). “The Impact of Imports on the Demand for Labor in Australia”. Economics Letters; V.62-#3, pp. 351-356.

 

-C. Tombazos (2002). “A Production Theory Approach to the Imports and Wage Inequality Nexus”. Economic Inquiry; V.41-#1, pp. 42-61.

 

(7) CGE Approaches: Simple and Complex

 

(a) Simple CGE Models

 

-H. Thompson (1990). “Simulating a Multifactor General Equilibrium Model of Production and Trade”. IEJ; V.4-#2, pp. 21-34.

 

-H. Thompson (1997). “Free Trade and Income Redistribution across Labor Groups: Comparative Statics for the U.S. Economy”. International Review of Economics and Finance; V.6-#2, pp. 181-192.

 

-H. Thompson (1997). “Free Trade and Income Redistribution in a Three Factor Model of the U.S. Economy”. Southern Economic Journal; V.63-#4, pp. 1074-1083.

 

-H. Thompson (1995). “Factor Intensity versus Factor Substitution in a Specified General Equilibrium Model”. Journal of Economic Integration; V.10-#3, pp. 283-297.

 

-P. Krugman (1995). “Growing World Trade: Causes and Consequences”. BPEA, #1, pp. 327-362.

 

-P. Krugman (1996). “Domestic Distortions and the Deindustrialization Hypothesis”. in R. Feenstra, G. Grossman, and D. Irwin, eds. The Political Economy of Trade Policy. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 33-49.

 

-R. Lawrence and C. Evans (1997). “Trade and Wages: Insights from the Crystal Ball”. NBER Working Paper; #5633.

 

-R. Rowthorn, R. Kozul-Wright, and Y. Akyüz (1997). “Adapting to North-South Trade: A General Equilibrium Approach to Policy Options”. OEP; V.49-#3, pp. 483-503.

 

-P. Minford, J. Riley, and E. Nowell (1997). “Trade Technology and Labor Markets in the World Economy, 1970-1990: A Computable General Equilibrium Analysis”. Journal of Development Studies; V.34-#2, pp. 1-34. [“Corrigendum and Addendum”, 1999, V.35-#6, pp. 153-155.]

 

-J. Francios and D. Nelson (1998). “Trade, Technology and Wages: General Equilibrium Mechanics”. Economic Journal, V.108-#450, pp. 1483-1499.

 

-Tyers, R., R. Duncan and W. Martin (1999). “Trade, Technology and Labor Markets: General Equilibrium Perspectives”. Journal of Economic Integration: V.14 -2; pp. 226-264.

 

-R. Falvey, R. Tyers, and R. McDonald (1997). “Trade Shocks and the Magnitude of Transmitted Wage Adjustments”. Working Papers in Economics and Econometrics (ANU), #318.

 

-L. Abrego and J. Whalley (1999). “The Choice of Structural Model in Trade-Wages Decompositions”. RIE; V.8-#3, pp. 462-477.

 

-L. Abrego and J. Whalley (2003). “Goods Market Responses to Trade Shocks and Trade and Wages Decompositions”. CJE; V.36-#3, pp. 747-757.

 

-L. Abrego and J. Whalley (2000). “Demand Side Considerations and the Trade and Wages Debate”. NBER Working Paper; #7674.

 

-C. Pope (1972). “Impact of the Ante-Bellum Tariff on Income Distribution”. Explorations in Economic History; V.9-#?, pp. 375-421.

 

-J. Williamson (1990). “The Impact of the Corn Laws Just Prior to Repeal”. Explorations in Economic History; V.27-#2, pp. 123-156.

 

-K. O’Rourke (1997). “The European Grain Invasion, 1870-1913". Journal of Economic History; V.57-#4, pp. 775-801.

 

(b) Complex CGE Models

 

-J. de Melo and S. Robinson (1982). “Trade Adjustment Policies and Income Distribution in Three Archetype Developing Economies”. JDevE; V.10-#?, pp. 67-92.

 

-J. Hartigan and E. Tower (1982). “Trade Policy and the American Income Distribution”. Review of Economics and Statistics; V.64-#2, pp. 261-270.

 

-M. Burfisher, S. Robinson, and K. Thierfelder (1994). “Wage Changes in a US-Mexico Free Trade Area: Migration versus Stolper-Samuelson Effects”. in J. Francois and C. Shiells, eds. Modeling Trade Policy: Applied General Equilibrium Assessments of North American Free Trade. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 195-222.

 

-K. Thierfelder and C. Shiells (1997). “Trade and Labor Market Behavior”. in J. Francois and K. Reinert, eds. Applied Methods for Trade Policy Analysis: A Handbook. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 435-478.

 

-A. Maechler and D. Roland-Holst (1997). “Labor Market Structure and Conduct”. in J. Francois and K. Reinert, eds. Applied Methods for Trade Policy Analysis: A Handbook. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 479-516.

 

-R. Tyers and Y. Yang (1997). “Trade with Asia and Skill Upgrading: Effects on Labor Markets in the Older Industrial Countries”. WA; V.133-#3, pp. 383-417.

 

-R. McDougall and R. Tyers (1997). “Developing country expansion and relative wages in industrial countries”, Ch.7 in T.Hertel (ed.), Global Trade Analysis Using the GTAP Model. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp 279-313.

 

-R. Tyers, R. Duncan, and W. Martin (1999). “Trade, Technology and Labor Markets: General Equilibrium Perspectives”. Journal of Economic Integration; V.14-#2, pp. 226-264.

 

-W. Cline (1997). Trade and Income Distribution. Washington, DC: IIE. [Chapters 3 & 4]

 

-K. Reinert and D. Roland-Holst (1998). “North-South Trade and Occupational Wages: Some Evidence from North America”. RIE; V.6-#1, pp. 74-89.

 

-A. Smith (1998). “The Labour Market Effects of Trade: A Computable General Equilibrium Approach”. in Mathias Dewatripont, André Sapir, and Khalid Sekkat, eds. Trade and Jobs in Europe: Much Ado About Nothing? Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 95-112.

 

-O. Cortes and S. Jean (1999). “Does Competition of Emerging Countries Threaten the European Unskilled Labour? An Applied General Equilibrium Approach”. in P. Brenton and J. Pelkmans, eds. Global Trade and European Workers. London: Macmillan, pp. 96-122.

 

-S. Jean and O. Bontout (1999). “What Drove Relative Wages in France? Structural Decomposition Analysis in a General Equilibrium Framework, 1970-1992". ms: CEPII.

 

-R. Nahuis (1999). “Global Integration and Wages in a General Equilibrium World Model: Contributions of WorldScan”. in P. Brenton and J. Pelkmans, eds. Global Trade and European Workers. London: Macmillan, pp. 123-146.

 

(8) Other

 

-S. Magee (1980). “Three Simple Tests of the Stolper-Samuelson Theorem”. in P. Oppenheimer, ed. Issues in International Economics. Oxford: Oriel Press, pp. 138-153.

 

-J. Chung (1980). “Trade Liberalization and Factor-Prices--Application to the US Manufacturing Sector”. JPolMod; V.2-#?, pp. 101-120.

 

-F. Rassekh and H. Thompson (1997). “Adjustment in General Equilibrium: Some Industrial Evidence”. RIE; V.5-#1, pp. 20-31.

 

-N. Gaston and D. Trefler (1994). “Protection, Trade and Wages: Evidence for US Manufacturing”. Industrial and Labor Relations Review; V.47-#4, pp. 574-593.

 

3. Static Analysis of Factor Growth and Migration: The Rybczynski Theorem

 

-T.N. Rybczynski (1955). “Factor Endowments and Relative Commodity Prices”. Eca; V.22-#88, pp. 336-341.

 

-K-L Shea (1981). “A Graphical Analysis of Factor Accumulation in a Three-Sector, Three-Factor Model of International Trade”. EJ; V.91-#?, pp. 1020-1025.

 

-F. Fisher (1982). “”On Perfect Aggregation and in the National Output Deflator and Generalized Rybczynski Theorems”. IER; V.23-#1, pp. 43-60.

 

-J. Hicks (1953). “An Inaugural Lecture”. OEP; V.5-#?, pp. 117-135.

 

-M. Kemp (1955). “Technological Change, the Terms of Trade and Welfare”. EJ; V.65-#?, pp. 457-473.

 

-W.M. Corden (1956). “Economic Expansion and International Trade: A Geometric Approach”. OEP; V.8-#?, pp. 223-228.

 

-H. G. Johnson (1954). “Increasing Productivity, Income-Price Trends and the Trade Balance”. EJ; V.64-#255, pp. 462-485.

 

-H.G. Johnson (1955). “Economic Expansion and International Trade”. MS; V.23-#2, pp. 95-112.

 

-H.G. Johnson (1959). “Economic Development and International Trade”. Nationaløkonomisk Tidsskrift; V.97-#5/6, pp. 253-272.

 

-V.K. Ramaswami (1960). “The Effects of Accumulation on the Terms of Trade”. EJ; V.70-#?, pp. 514-518.

 

-M. Ikema (1969). “The Effect of Economic Growth on the Demand for Imports”. OEP; V.21-#?, pp. 66-69.

 

-M. Kemp and K. Shimomura (1988). “The Impossibility of Global Absolute Advantage in the HO Model of Trade”. OEP; V.40-#?, pp. 575-576.

 

-K. Shimomura (1991). “A Note on the Hicks-Ikema-Kemp Proposition”. Kobe Economic and Business Review; V.36-#?, pp. 27-32.

 

-M. Kemp, Y.-K. Ng and K. Shimomura (1993). “The International Diffusion of the Fruits of Technical Progress”. IER; V.34-#2, pp. 381-385.

 

-A. Guha (1963). “Factor and Commodity Prices in an Expanding Economy”. QJE; V.77-#?, pp. 145-155.

 

-M. Gopinath and T. Roe (1996). “Sources of Growth in U.S. GDP and Economy-Wide Linkages to the Agricultural Sector”. Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics; V.21-#2, pp. 325-340.

 

-M. Gopinath and T. Roe (1999). “Modeling Inter-Sectoral Growth Linkages: An Application to U.S. Agriculture”. Agricultural Economics; V.21-#2, pp. 131-144.

 

-G. Hanson and M. Slaughter (2002). “Labor Market Adjustment in Open Economies: Evidence From U.S. States”. JIE; V.57-#1, pp. 3-29..

 

-N. Gandal, G. Hanson, and M. Slaughter (2003). “Technology, Trade and Adjustment to Immigration in Israel”. European Economic Review; forthcoming.

 

4. Comparative Advantage: The Heckscher-Ohlin Theorem

 

a. Basic Analysis

 

-E. Heckscher (1949). “The Effect of Foreign Trade on the Distribution of Income”. in H. Ellis and L. Metzler, eds. Readings in the Theory of International Trade. Philadelphia: Blakiston, pp. 272-300. (Translation of a paper published in Swedish in 1919).

 

-H. Flam and M.J. Flanders, eds. (1991). Heckscher-Ohlin Trade Theory. Cambridge: MIT Press. [Contains a complete translation of Heckscher (1919) and of Ohlin’s Ph.D. dissertation of 1924.]

 

-B. Ohlin (1933). Interregional and International Trade. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

 

-R. Robinson (1956). “Factor Proportions and Comparative Advantage: Parts I and II”. QJE; V.70-#2, pp. 169-192 and V.70-#3, pp. 246-263.

 

-R. Jones (1956). “Factor Proportions and the Heckscher-Ohlin Theorem”. REStud; V.24-#63, pp. 1-10.

 

-H.G. Johnson (1957). “Factor Endowments, International Trade and Factor Prices”. MS; V.25-#?, pp. 270-283.

 

-K. Inada (1967). “A Note on the Heckscher-Ohlin theorem”. EcRec; V.43-#?, pp. 88-96.

 

-T. Rader and P. Van Moeseke (1973). “Heckscher-Ohlin Hypothesis and Scarce-Factor Theorems”. Tijdschrift voor Economie; V.18-#?, pp. 445-450.

 

-R. Riezman (1974). “A Note on the Heckscher-Ohlin Theorem”. Tijdschrift voor Economie; V.19-#3, pp. 339-343.

 

-U. Kohli (1995). “Stolper-Samuelson-Like and Rybczynski-Like Results in 2 x 2 Production Models”. Journal of International Trade and Economic Development; V.4-#1, pp. 63-79.

 

-R. Jones, H. Beladi, and S. Marjit (1999). “The Three Faces of Factor Intensities”. JIE; V.48-#?, pp. 413-420.

 

-B. Minhas (1962). “The Homohypallagic Production Function, Factor Intensity Reversals and the Heckscher-Ohlin Theorem”. JPE; V.70-#2, pp. 138-156.

 

-M. Hodd (1967). “An Empirical Investigation of the Heckscher-Ohlin Theory”. Eca; V.34-#?, pp. 20-29.

 

-S. Naya (1967). “Natural Resource, Factor Mix and Factor Reversal in International Trade”. AER; V.57-#?, pp. 561-570.

 

b. Dimensional Generalizations

 

(1) Commodity Content of Trade Generalizations

 

-J. Bhagwati (1972). “The Heckscher-Ohlin Theorem in the Multicommodity Case”. JPE; V.80-#?, pp. 1052-1055.

 

-R. Jones (1974). “The Small Country in a Many Commodity World”. Australian Economic Papers; V.14-#?, pp. 225-236.

 

-Y. Horiba and J.R. Moroney (1979). “On the Structure of Comparative Advantage in a Multifactor Trade Model”. IER; V.20-#2, pp. 551-554.

 

-A. Deardorff (1979). “Weak Links in the Chain of Comparative Advantage”. JIE; V.9-#2, pp. 197-209.

 

-J. Drabicki and A. Takayama (1979). “An Antinomy in the Theory of Comparative Advantage”. JIE; V.9-#?, pp. 211-233.

 

-M. Kemp and K. Shimomura (1988). “The Impossibility of Global Absolute Advantage in the Heckscher-Ohlin Model of Trade”. OEP; V.40-#?, pp. 575-576.

 

-R. Findlay (1970). “Factor Proportions and Comparative Advantage in the Long Run”. JPE; V.78-#1, pp. 27-36. (Comment by Deardorff (1974), V.82-#4, pp. 829-833)

 

(2) “Correlation” Generalizations

 

-A. Dixit and A. Woodland (1982). “The Relationship between Factor Endowments and Commodity Trade”. JIE; V.13-#?, pp. 201-214.

 

-W. Ethier (1982). “The General Role of Factor Intensity in the Theorems of International Trade”. EcLets; V.10-#?, pp. 337-342.

 

-A. Deardorff (1982). “The General Validity of the Heckscher-Ohlin Theorem”. AER; V.72-#?, pp. 683-694.

 

-H. Forstner (1985). “A Note on the General Validity of the Heckscher-Ohlin Theorem”. AER; V.75-#4, pp. 844-849.

 

-A. Deardorff (1994). “Exploring the Limits of Comparative Advantage”. WA; V.130-#1, pp. 1-19.

 

-K. Shimomura and K.-Y. Wong (1998). “The Law of Comparative Advantage Without Social Utility Functions”. RIE; V.6-#3, pp. 401-406.

 

(3) Factor-Content of Trade: The Travis-Vanek Model

 

-W.P. Travis (1964). The Theory of Trade and Protection. Cambridge: Harvard.

 

-J. Vanek (1968). “The Factor Proportions Theory: The N-Factor Case”. KYKLOS; V.21-#4, pp. 749-754.

 

-Y. Horiba (1971). “A Note on the Factor Proportions Theory in the N-Factor Case”. KYKLOS; V.24-#2, pp. 339-343. (Comment by Vanek follows, pp. 344-345)

 

-T. Bertrand (1972). “An Extension of the N-Factor Case of Factor Proportions Theory”. KYKLOS; V.25-#?, pp. 592-596.

 

-J. Williams (1977). “The Factor Proportions Theorem: The Case of M Commodities and N Factors”. CJE; V.10-#?, pp. 282-288.

 

-R. Brecher and E. Choudhri (1982). “The Factor Content of International Trade without Factor-Price Equalization”. JIE; V.12-#?, pp. 277-283.

 

-E. Helpman (1984). “The Factor Content of Foreign Trade”. EJ; V.94-#?, pp. 84-94.

 

-E. Helpman and P. Krugman (1985). “The Factor Proportions Theory”. Chapter 1 of Market Structure and Foreign Trade: Increasing Returns, Imperfect Competition and the International Economy. Cambridge: MIT, pp. 11-29.

 

-J.P. Neary and A. Schweinberger (1986). “Factor Content Functions and the Theory of International Trade”. REStud; V.53-#?, pp. 421-432.

 

-R. Staiger (1986). “Measurement of the Factor Content of Foreign Trade with Traded Intermediate Goods”. JIE; V.21-#?, pp. 581-588.

 

(4) Observational Equivalence of Classical and HOS Models

 

-J.L. Ford (1967). “On the Equivalence of the Classical and the Factor Models in Explaining International Trade”. MS; V.35-#?, pp. 185-198.

 

-H. Katrak (1968). “On the Equivalence of Classical and Factor Models--Comment”. MS; V.36-#?, pp. 75-77.

 

-P. Zarembka (1968). “On the Equivalence of Trade Models--Comment”. MS; V.36-#?, pp. 389-392.

 

-J.L. Ford (1968). “More on the Equivalence of Trade Models in Explaining Trade Patterns”. MS; V.36-#?, pp. 392-395.

 

-P.J. Lloyd (1970). “The Non-Equivalence of the Classical and Factor Proportions Explanations of International Trade”. MS; V.38-#?, pp. 45-54.

 

-T. Eleftheriou (1971). “The Calssical and Factor-Proportions Predictions on Trade Patterns: Equivalent or Non-Equivalent?”. MS; V.39-#?, pp. 315-322.

 

-R. Falvey (1981). “Comparative Advantage in a Multifactor World”. IER; V.22-#2, pp. 401-413.

 

-J.L Ford (1982). “The Ricardian and Heckscher-Ohlin Explanations of Trade: A General Proof of an Equivalence Theorem and Its Empirical Implications”. OEP; V.34-#1, pp. 141-149. [Comment by P.J. Lloyd and response, with evaluation by J.P. Neary, 1985, OEP; V.37-#1, pp. 134-147]

 

c. Empirical Testing/Application of the HO Theorem

 

(1) Surveys

 

-R. Stern (1975). “Testing Trade Theories”. in P. Kenen, ed. International Trade and Finance: Frontiers for Research. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 3-49.

 

-J. Hartigan (1981). “The US Tariff and Comparative Advantage: A Survey of Method”. WA; V.117-#1, pp. 65-108.

 

-R.J. Bowden (1983). “The Conceptual Basis of Emprical Studies of Trade in Manufactured Commodities: A Constructive Critique”. MS; V.51-#3, pp. 209-234.

 

-A. Deardorff (1984). “Testing Trade Theories and Predicting Trade Flows”. in R. Jones and P. Kenen, eds. Handbook of International Economics. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 467-517.

 

-E. Leamer (1984). “Testing the Theories of International Comparative Advantage”. Chapter 2 Sources of International Comparative Advantage. Cambridge: MIT, pp. 45-59.

 

-W. Kohler (1988). “Modeling Heckscher-Ohlin Comparative Advantage in Regression Equations: A Critical Survey”. Empirica; V.15-#2, pp. 263-293.

 

-E. Leamer (1991). “The Interplay of Theory and Data in the Study of International Trade”. in M. Nerlove, ed. Issues in Contemporary Economics. Vol 2. Macroeconomics and Econometrics. New York: NYU Press, pp. 213-252.

 

-E. Leamer (1994). “Testing Trade Theory”. in D. Greenaway and L.A. Winters, eds. Surveys in International Trade. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 66-106.

 

-A. Wood (1994). “Give Heckscher and Ohlin a Chance!”. WA; V.130-#1, pp. 20-49.

 

-E. Leamer and J. Levinsohn (1995). “International Trade Theory: The Evidence”. in G. Grossman and K. Rogoff, eds. Handbook of International Economics, Vol. III. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 1339-1394.

 

-H. Bowen, A. Hollander, J.-M. Viaene (1998). “Empirical Tests of the Factor Abundance Model”. Chapter 8 in Bowen, Hollander and Viaene, Applied International Trade Analysis. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp. 287-326.

 

-E. Helpman (1998). “Explaining the Structure of Foreign Trade: Where Do We Stand?”. WA; V.134-#4, pp. 573-589.

 

-E. Helpman (1999). “The Structure of Foreign Trade”. Journal of Economic Perspectives; V.13-#2, pp. 121-144.

 

-J. Harrigan (2003). “Specialization and the Volume of Trade: Do the Data Obey the Laws?”. in K. Choi and J. Harrigan, eds. Handbook of International Trade. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 85-118.

 

-D. Davis and D. Weinstein (2002). “What Role for Empirics in International Trade?”. In R. Findlay, L. Jonung, and M. Lundahl, eds. Bertil Ohlin: A Centennial Celebration. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 362-387.

 

-D. Davis and D. Weinstein (2003). “The Factor Content of Trade”. in K. Choi and J. Harrigan, eds. Handbook of International Trade. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 119-154.

 

(2) Leontief-type Factor-Content Tests and the Leontief Paradox

 

(a) Factor Content Tests

 

-W. Leontief (1953). “Domestic Production and Foreign Trade: The American Capital Position Reexamined”. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society; V.97-#?, pp. 332-349.

 

-W. Leontief (1954). “Domestic Production and Foreign Trade: The American Capital Position Reexamined”. Economia Internazionale, V.7-#?, pp. 9-45.

 

-W. Leontief (1956). “Factor Proportions and the Structure of American Trade: Further Theoretical and Empirical Evidence”. REStat; V.38-#?, pp. 386-407.

 

-J. Vanek (1959). “The Natural Resource Content of Foreign Trade, 1870-1955, and the Relative Abundance of Natural Resources in the US”. REStat, V.41-#?, pp. 146-153.

 

-J. Vanek (1963). The Natural Resource Content of US Foreign Trade, 1870-1955. Cambridge: MIT.

 

-J. Williams (1970). “The Resource Content of International Trade”. CJE; V.3-#1, pp. 111-122.

 

-R. Baldwin (1971). “Determinants of the Commodity Structure of US Trade”. AER; V.61-#1, pp. 126-146.

 

-M. Tatemoto and S. Ichimura (1959). “Factor Proportions and Foreign Trade: The Case of Japan”. REStat; V.41-#?, pp. 442-446.

 

-P. Heller (1976). “Factor Endowment Change and Comparative Advantage: The Case of Japan”. REStat; V.58-#2, pp. 283-292.

 

-D. Wahl (1961). “Capital and Labor Requirements for Canada’s Foreign Trade”. CJEPS; V.27-#?, pp. 349-358.

 

-W. Stolper and K. Roskamp (1961). “Input-Output Table for East Germany with Applications to foreign Trade”. Bulletin of the Oxford University Institute of Statistics; V.23-#?, pp. 379-392.

 

-K. Roskamp (1963). “Factor Proportions and Foreign Trade: the Case of West Germany”. WA; V.91-#?, pp. 319-326.

 

-M. Holden (1983). “Empirical Tests of the H-O Model for South Africa--A Reappraisal of the Metholdology”. South African journal of Economics; V.51-#2, pp. 243-251.

 

-J. Baruh (1986). “Factor Proportions in Israel’s Manufacturing Trade: 1965-1982". JDevE; V.24-#1, pp. 131-139.

 

-W. Hong (1987). “Comparative Statics Application of the H-O Model of Factor Proportions: Korean Experience”. WA; V.123-#2, pp. 309-324.

 

-M. Syrquin and S. Urata (1986). “Sources of Changes in Factor Intensity of Trade”. JDevE; V.24-#2, pp. 225-239.

 

-G. Wright (1990). “The Origins of American Industrial Success, 1879-1940". AER; V.80-#4, pp. 651-668.

 

(b) Methodological Issues

 

-J.M. Finger (1969). “Factor Intensity and ‘Leontief type’ Tests of the Factor Proportions Theory”. Economia Internazionale; V.22-#3, pp. 1-19.

 

-E. Leamer (1980). “The Leontief Paradox Reconsidered”. JPE; V.88-#3, pp. 495-503. (Correction in I. Heravi (1986), V.94-#5, pg. 1120)

 

-R. Brecher and E. Choudhri (1982). “The Leontief Paradox, Continued”. JPE; V.90-#4; pp. 820-823.

 

-R. Brecher and E. Choudhri (1984). “New Products and the Factor Content of International Trade”. JPE; V.92-#5, pp. 965-971.

 

-C. Hamilton and L.E.O. Svensson (1983). “Should Factor Intensities be Used in Tests of the Factor Proportions Hypothesis?” WA; V.119-#3, pp. 453-463.

 

-R. Gift and W. Marxsen (1984). “Aggregation and the Factoral Content of Trade”. JPE; V.92-#5, pp. 979-984.

 

-B.Y. Aw (1983). “Trade Imbalance and the Leontief Paradox”. WA; V.119-#4, pp. 734-738.

 

-F. Casas and E.K. Choi (1984). “Trade Imbalance and the Leontief Paradox”. MS; V.52-#4, pp. 610-615.

 

-F. Casas and E.K. Choi (1985). “The Leontief Paradox: Continued or Resolved”. JPE; V.93-#?, pp. 610-615.

 

-F. Casas and E.K. Choi (1987). “Trade Imbalance, the Factor Proportions Theory and the Resource Content of International Trade”. Rivista Internazionale di Scienze Economiche e Commerciali; V.34-#3, pp. 213-230.

 

-L. Song (1995). “Trade-Revealed Factor Abundance: Further Evidence”. Journal of the Japanese and International Economies; V.9-#3, pp. 278-289.

 

-J. Gaisford (1995). “International Capital Mobility, the Factor Content of Trade and Leontief Paradoxes”. JIE; V.39-#1/2, pp. 175-183.

 

-N. DeMarchi (1976). “Anomaly and The Development of Economics: The Case of the Leontief Paradox”. in S. Latsis, ed. Method and Appraisal in Economics. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 109-127.

 

(c) Multi-Good, Multi-Factor Analysis: Sign and Rank-Order Tests

 

-D. Clifton jr. and W. Marxsen (1984). “An Empirical Investigation of the Heckscher-Ohlin Theorem”. CJE; V.17-#1, pp. 32-38.

 

-K. Maskus (1985). “A Test of the Heckscher-Ohlin-Vanek Theorem: The Leontief Commonplace”. JIE; V.19-#3/4, pp. 201-212.

 

-C. Hamilton and L.E.O. Svensson (1984). “Do Countries Factor Endowments Correspond to the Factor Contents in their Bilateral Trade Flows”. ScanJE; V.86-#1, pp. 84-97.

 

-H. Bowen, E. Leamer and L. Sveikauskas (1987). “Multicountry, Multifactor Tests of Factor Abundance Theory”. AER; V.77-#5, pp. 791-809.

 

-R. Brecher and E. Choudhri (1993). “Some Empirical Support for the H-O Model of Production”. CJE; V.26-#2, pp. 272-285.

 

-W. Kohler (1991). “How Robust are Sign and Rank Order Tests of the Heckscher-Ohlin-Vanek Theorem”. OEP; V.43-#?, pp. 158-171.

 

-J. Torstensson (1995). “The Factor Content of Net Trade for the OECD Countries”. Journal of Economic Studies; V.22-#6, pp. 3-15.

 

-A. James and B. Elmslie (1996). Testing HOV in the G-7". WA; V.132-#1, pp. 139-159.

 

-Y. Horiba (1997). “On the Empirical Content of the Factor-Contents Theory of Trade: A Regional Test”. Osaka Economic Papers; V.47-#1, pp. 1-11. [Comment by Grimes and Prime, with response in Osaka Economic Papers, (1999), V.49-#1, pp. 255-259.]

 

-D. Trefler and S.C. Zhu (2000). “Beyond the Algebra of Explanation: HOV for the Technology Age”. AER; V.90-#2, pp. 145-149.

 

-R. Staiger, A. Deardorff and R. Stern (1987). “An Evaluation of Factor Endowments and Protection as Determinants of Japanese and American Foreign Trade”. CJE; V.20-#3, pp. 449-463.

 

-R. Brecher and E. Choudhri (1988). “The Factor Content of Consumption in Canada and the United States: A Two-Country Test of the Heckscher-Ohlin-Vanek Model”. In R. Feenstra, ed. Empirical Methods for International Trade. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp.

 

-P. Debeare (2003). “Relative Factor Abundance and Trade”. JPE; V.111-#3, pp. 589-610.

 

(3) Cross-Commodity Regression Tests

 

-R. Baldwin (1971). “Determinants of the Commodity Structure of US Trade”. AER; V.61-#?, pp. 121-146.

 

-R. Baldwin (1979). “Determinants of Trade and Foreign Investment: Further Evidence”. REStat; V.61-#1, pp. 40-48.

 

-R. Baldwin and R. Hilton (1984). “A Technique for Indicating Comparative Costs and Predicting Changes in Trade Ratios”. REStat; V.66-#1, pp. 105-110.

 

-W. Branson and H. Junz (1971). “Trends in US Trade and Comparative Advantage”. BPEA; #2, pp. 285-345.

 

-W. Branson (1971). “US Comparative Advantage: Some Further Results”. BPEA; #3, pp. 754-759.

 

-W. Branson and N. Monoyios (1977). “Factor Inputs in US Trade”. JIE; V.7-#?, pp. 111-131.

 

-J. Harkness and J. Kyle (1975). “Factors Influencing US Comparative Advantage”. JIE; V.5-#?, pp. 153-165.

 

-J. Harkness (1978). “Factor Abundance and Comparative Advantage”. AER; V.68-#5, pp. 784-800.

 

-J. Harkness (1983). “The Factor-Proportions Model with Many Nations, Goods, and Factors: Theory and Evidence”. REStat; V.65-#2, pp. 298-305.

 

-E. Choudhri (1979). “The Pattern of Trade in Individual Products: A Test of Simple Theories”. WA; V.115-#1, pp. 81-98.

 

-R. Stern and K. Maskus (1981). “Determinants of the Structure of US Trade, 1958-1976". JIE; V.11-#?, pp. 207-224.

 

-K. Maskus (1983). “Evidence on Shifts in the Determinants of the Structure of US Manufacturing Foreign Trade, 1958-1976". REStat; V.65-#?, pp. 415-422.

 

-B.Y. Aw (1981). “An Empirical Test of the Heckscher-Ohlin Theorem Using ASEAN Data”. Mayauan Economic Review; V.26-#1, pp. 25-38.

 

-S. Urata (1983). “Factor Inputs and Japanese Manufacturing Trade Structure”. REStat; V.65-#?, pp. 678-684.

 

-H. Forstner (1984). “The Changing Pattern of International Trade in Manufactures: A Logit Analysis”. WA; V.120-#1, pp. 1-17.

 

-R. Brecher and E. Choudhri (1988). “The Factor Content of Consumption in Canada and the US: A Two-Country Test of the Heckscher-Ohlin-Vanek Model”. in R. Feenstra, ed. Empirical Methods for International Trade. Cambridge: MIT, pp. 5-17.

 

-N. Crafts and M. Plant (1986). “Comparative Advantage in U.K. Manufacturing Trade”. EJ; V.96-#?, pp. 629-645.

 

-G. Wright (1990). “The Origins of American Industrial Success, 1879-1949". AER; V.80-#?, pp. 651-688.

 

-H. Bowen and L. Sveikauskas (1992). “Judging Factor Abundance”. QJE; V.107-#?, pp. 599-620.

 

-K. Maskus, C. Sveikauskas, and A. Webster (1994). “The Composition of Human Capital Stock and Its Relation to International Trade: Evidence from the US and Britain”. WA; V.130-#1, pp. 50-76.

 

-L. Hellvin and J. Torstensson (1991). “Factor Proportions in East-West Trade: the Case of Finland and Sweden”. WA; V.127-#?, pp. 381-389.

 

L. Tan (1992). “A Heckscher-Ohlin Approach to Changing Comparative Advantage in Singapore’s Manufacturing Sector”. WA; V.128-#?, pp. 288-309.

 

-D. Nguyen and P.-H. Fan (1995). “The Role of Natural Resources in Trade Patterns Among the US, Japan, and Other Countries in the Asian Pacific Rim”. WA; V.131-#?, pp. 489-508.

 

-J. Anderson (1981). “Cross-Section Tests of the Heckscher-Ohlin Theorem: Comment”. AER; V.71-#5, pp. 1037-1039.

 

-E. Leamer and H. Bowen (1981). “Cross Section Tests of the Heckscher-Ohlin Theorem: Comment”. AER; V.71-#5, pp. 1040-1043.

 

-B.Y. Aw (1983). “The Interpretation of Cross-Section Regression Tests of the Heckscher-Ohlin Theorem with Many Goods and Factors”. JIE; V.14-#1/2, pp. 163-167.

 

(4) Cross-Country Regression Tests

 

-H. Chenery (1960). “Patterns of Industrial Growth”. AER; V.50-#?, pp. 624-654.

 

-A. Aquino (1981). “Changes over Time in the Pattern of Comparative Advantage in Manufactured Goods, An Empirical Analysis for the Period 1962-1974". EER; V.15-#?, pp. 41-62.

 

-R. Arad and S. Hirsch (1981). “Determination of trade Flows and the Choice of Trade Partners: Reconciling the H-O and Burenstam-Linder Models of International Trade”. WA; V.117-#2, pp. 276-297.

 

-E. Leamer (1974). “The Commodity Composition of International Trade in Manufactures: An Empirical Analysis”. OEP; V.26-#?, pp. 35--374.

 

-H. Bowen (1983). “Changes in the International Distribution of Resources and Their Impact on US Comparative Advantage”. REStat; V.65-#?, pp. 402-414.

 

-E. Leamer (1984). Sources of International Comparative Advantage: Theory and Evidence. Cambridge: MIT.

 

-K. Tamor (1987). “An Empirical Examination of the Factor Endowments Hypothesis”. CJE; V.20-#2, pp. 387-398.

 

(5) Cross-Country/Cross-Commodity Tests

 

-G.C. Hufbauer (1970). “The Impact of National Characteristics and Technology on the Commodity Composition of Trade in Manufactured Goods”. in R. Vernon, ed. The Technology Factor in International Trade. New York: Columbia University Press/NBER, pp. 145-231.

 

-B. Balassa (1979). “The Changing Pattern of Comparative Advantage in Manufactured Goods”. REStat; V.61-#?, pp. 259-266.

 

-B. Balassa (1986). “Comparative Advantage in Manufactured Goods: A Reappraisal”. REStat; V.68-#2, pp. 315-319.

 

-B. Balassa and L. Bauwens (1987). “Comparative Advantage in Manufactured Goods in a Multi-Country, Multi-Industry, and Multi-Factor Model”. in T. Peeters, P. Praet and P. Reding, eds. International Trade and Exchange Rates in the Late Eighties. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 31-52.

 

-B. Balassa and L. Bauwens (1988). Changing Trade Patterns in Manufactured Goods: An Econometric Investigation. Amsterdam: North-Holland

 

-H. Bowen, E. Leamer and L. Sveikauskas (1987). “Multicountry, Multifactor Tests of Factor Abundance Theory”. AER; V.77-#5, pp. 791-809.

 

-R. Staiger (1988). “A Specification Test for the Heckscher-Ohlin Theory”. JIE; V.25-#?, pp. 129-141.

 

-B. Elmslie and J. Milberg (1992). “International Trade and Factor-Intensity Uniformity: An Empirical Assessment”. WA; V.128-#3, pp. 464-486.

 

-D. Trefler (1993). “International Factor Price Differences: Leontief was Right!”. JPE; V.101-#6, pp. 961-987.

 

-D. Davis and D. Weinstein (1996). “Empirical Tests of the Factor Abundance Theory: What Do They Tell Us?”. Eastern Economic Journal; V.22-#4, pp. 544-440.

 

-D. Davis and D. Weinstein (2000). “International Trade as an ‘Integrated Equilibrium’: New Perspectives”. AER; V.90-#2, pp. 150-154.

 

-D. Davis and D. Weinstein (2001). “An Account of Global Factor Trade”. AER; V.91-#5, pp. 1423-1453.

 

-K. Maskus and A. Webster (1999). “Estimating the HOV Model with Technology Differences Using Disaggregated Labor Skills for the United States and the United Kingdom”. RIE; V.7-#1, pp. 8-19.

 

-R. Feenstra and G. Hanson (2000). “Aggregation Bias in the Factor Content of Trade: Evidence from U.S. Manufacturing”. AER; V.90-#2, pp. 155-160.

 

-A. Estevadeordal and A. Taylor (2002). “Testing Trade Theory in Ohlin’s Time”. In R. Findlay, L. Jonung, and M. Lundahl, eds. Bertil Ohlin: A Centennial Celebration. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 463-493.

 

-D. Trefler (1995). “The Case of Missing Trade and Other Mysteries”. AER; V.85-#5, pp. 1029-1046.

 

-P. Conway (2002). “The Case of Missing Trade and Other Mysteries: Comment”. AER; V.92-#1, pp. 394-404. [Reply by Trefler, V.92-#1, pp. 405-410.

 

-J. Anderson (2000). “Why Do Nations Trade (So Little)?”. Pacific Economic Review, V.5-#2, pp. 115-134.

 

-A. Estevadeordal and A. Taylor (2002). “A Century of Missing Trade?”. AER; V.92-#1, pp. 383-393.

 

(6) Exploiting the Rybczynski Theorem: Endowment-Output Predictions

 

-D. Dollar, W. Baumol, and E. Wolff (1988). “The Factor Price Equalization Model and Industry Labor Productivity: An Empirical Test Across Countries”. in R. Feenstra, ed. Empirical Methods for International Trade. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 23-47.

 

-K. Maskus (1991). “Comparing International Trade Data and Product and National Characteristics Data for the Analysis of Trade Models”. in P. Hooper and J.D. Richardson, eds. International Economic Transactions: Issues in Measurement and Empirical Research. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 17-56.

 

-J. Harrigan (1995). “Factor Endowments and The International Location of Production: Econometric Evidence for the OECD, 1970-1985”. JIE; V.39-#1/2, pp. 123-141.

 

-D. Davis, D. Weinstein, S. Bradford, and K. Shimpo (1997). “Using International and Japanese Regional Data to Determine When the Factor Abundance Theory of Trade Works”. AER; V.87-#3, pp. 420-446.

 

-D. Davis and D. Weinstein (1997). “Does Economic Geography Matter for International Specialization?”. ms: Harvard University.

 

-D. Davis and D. Weinstein (1999). “Economic Geography and Regional Production Structure: An Empirical Investigation”. European Economic Review; V.43-#2, pp. 379-407.

 

-D. Davis and D. Weinstein (2003). “Market Access, Economic Geography and Comparative Advantage”. JIE; V.59-#1, pp. 1-23.

 

-J. Bernstein and D. Weinstein (2002). “Do Endowments Predict the Location of Production? Evidence from National and International Data”. JIE; V.56-#1, pp. 55-76.

 

-S. Kim (1999). “Regions, Resources, and Economic Geography: Sources of US Regional Comparative Advantage, 1880-1997”. RSUE; V.29-#1, pp. 1-32.

 

-P. Smith (1999). “Do Geographic Scale Economies Explain Disturbances to Heckscher-Ohlin Trade?”. RIE; V.7-#1, pp. 20-36.

 

-D. Davis and D. Weinstein (2003). “Bones, Bombs, and Break Points: The Geography of Economic Activity”. AER; V.92-#5, pp. 1269-1289.

 

-J.D. Richardson and P. Smith (1995). “Sectoral Growth across U.S. States: Factor Content, Linkages and Trade”. NBER Working Paper; V.5094.

 

d. Revealed Comparative Advantage/Trade Intensity Indices

 

-B. Balassa (1965). “Trade Liberalization and ‘Revealed’ Comparative Advantage”. Manchester School of Economic and Social Studies; V.33-#2, pp. 99-124.

 

-B. Balassa (1977). “‘Revealed’ Comparative Advantage Revisited: An Analysis of Relative Export Shares of the Industrial Countries, 1953-1971". Manchester School of Economic and Social Studies; V.45-#?, pp. 327-344.

 

-J. Donges and J. Riedel (1977). “The Expansion of Manufactured Exports in Developing Countries: An Empirical Assessment”. WA; V.113-#1, pp. 58-87.

 

-K. Kojima (1964). “The Pattern of International Trade Among Advanced Countries”. Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics; V.5-#1, pp. 16-36.

 

-I. Yamazawa (1970). “Intensity Analysis of World Trade Flows”. Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics; V.10-#2, pp. 61-90.

 

-I. Yamazawa (1971). “Structural Change in World Trade Flows”. Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics; V.11-#2, pp. 11-21.

 

-J. Roemer (1976). “Extensions of the Concept of Trade Intensity”. Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics; V.17-#1, pp.29-35.

 

-J. Roemer (1977). “The Effect of Sphere of Influence and Economic Distance on the Commodity Compositition of Trade in Manufactures”. REStat; V.59-#3, pp. 318-327.

 

-K. Kunimoto (1977). “Typology of Trade Intensity Indices”. Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics; V.17-#2, pp. 15-32.

 

-P. Drysdale and R. Garnaut (1982). “Trade Intensities and the Analysis of Bilateral Trade Flows in a Many-Country World”. Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics; V.22-#2, pp. 62-84.

 

-C. Hamilton and L.E.O. Svensson (1984). “Potential and Realized Trade Patterns: The Case of Sweden”. ScanJE; V.86-#3, pp. 371-378.

 

-A. Hillman (1980). “Observations on the Relation between ‘Revealed Comparative Advantage’ and Comparative Advantage as Indicated by Pre-Trade Relative Prices”. WA; V.116-#?, pp.

 

-H. Bowen (1983). “On the Theoretical Interpretation of Indices of Trade Intensity and Revealed Comparative Advantage”. WA; V.119-#?, pp. 464-472.

 

-R. Ballance, H. Forstner, and T. Murray (1985). “On Measuring Comparative Advantage: A Note on Bowen’s Indices”. WA; V.121-#?, pp. 346-350. [reply by Bowen follows pp. 351-354; further discussion, 1986, V.122-#?, pp. 375-381.]

 

-R. Ballance, H. Forstner, and T. Murray (1987). “Consistency Tests of Alternative Measures of Comparative Advantage”. REStat; V.69-#?, pp. 157-161.

 

-A. Yeats (1985). “On the Appropriate Interpretation of the Revealed Comparative Advantage Index: Implications of a Methodology Based on Industry Sector Analysis”. WA; V.121-#1, pp. 61-73.

 

-R. Erzan and A. Yeats (1991). “Implications of Current Factor Proportions Indices for the Competitive Position of the U.S. Manufacturing and Service Industries in the Year 2000". Journal of Business; V.64-#2, pp. 229-254.

 

-S. Marchese and F. N. De Simone (1989). “Monotonicity of ‘Revealed’ Comparative Advantage: Empirical Evidence on Hillman’s Condition”. WA; V.125-#?, pp. 158-167.

 

-T. Vollrath (1999). “A Theoretical Evaluation of Alternative Trade Intensity Measures of Revealed Comparative Advantage”. WA; V.127-#?, pp. 265-279.

 

-J. Proudman and S. Redding (1998). “Persistence and Mobility in International Trade”. In J. Proudman and S. Redding, eds. Openness and growth: Proceedings of the Bank of England academic conference on the relationship between openness and growth in the United Kingdom. Pp. 79-96.

 

-J. Proudman and S. Redding (2000). “Evolving Patterns of International Trade”. RIE; V.8-#3, pp. 373-396.

 

-J.D. Richardson and C. Zhang (2001). “Revealing Comparative Advantage: Chaotic or Coherent Patterns Across Time and Sector and U.S. Trading Partner?”. in M. Blomström and L. Goldberg, Eds. Topics in Empirical International Economics: A Festschrift in Honor of Bob Lipsey. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 195-228.

 

-J. Hinloopen and C. van Marrewijk (2001). “On the Empirical Distribution of the Balassa Index”. WA; V.137-#1, pp. 1-35.

 

C. Extensions of the HOS Structure

 

1. Multi Country Models

 

a. Multiple Countries under FPE

 

-Y. Horiba (1974). “General Equilibrium and the Heckscher-Ohlin Theory of Trade: The Multi-Country Case”. IER; V.15-#2, pp. 440-449.

 

-J. Harkness (1983). “The Factor-Proportions Model with Many Nations, Goods and Factors: Theory and Evidence”. REStat; V.65-#?, pp. 298-305.

 

b. Multiple Cone Models: Multiple Countries, Many Goods, No FPE

 

-A. Krueger (1977). “Growth, Distortions, and Patterns of Trade Among Many Countries”. Princeton Studies in International Finance; #40.

 

-A. Deardorff (1984). “An Exposition and Exploration of Krueger's Trade Model”. CJE; V.17-#4; pp. 731-746.

 

-E. Leamer (1987). “Paths of Development in the Three-factor, N-good General Equilibrium Model”. JPE; V.95-#?, pp. 961-999.

 

-C. Hamilton and L.E.O. Svensson (1984). “Do Countries Factor Endowments Correspond to Factor Contents in Their Bilateral Trade Flows”. ScanJE; V.86-#1, pp. 84-97.

 

-D. Dollar, W. Baumol, and E. Wolff (1988). “The Factor Price Equalization Model and Industry Labor Productivity: An Empirical Test Across Countries”. in R. Feenstra, ed. Empirical Methods for International Trade. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 23-47.

 

-J. Burkett (2000). “Cones of Diversification in a Model of International Comparative Advantage”. Journal of International Trade and Economic Development; V.9-#2, pp. 193-211.

 

-D. Davis (1996). “Trade Liberalization and Income Distribution”. NBER Working Paper; #5693.

 

-A. Deardorff (2000). “Patterns of Trade and Growth across Cones”. De Economist; V.148-#2, pp. 141-166 .

 

-A. Deardorff (2001). “Rich and Poor Countries in Neoclassical Trade and Growth”. EJ; V.111-#?, pp. 277-294.

 

-P. Debeare and U. Demiroglu (2003). “On the Similarity of Countries and Factor Price Equalization”. JIE; V.59-#1, pp. 101-136..

 

-P. Schott (2001). “One Size Fits All? Heckscher-Ohlin Specialization in Global Production”. AER, V.93-#3, pp. 686-708.

 

-J. Bernstein and D. Weinstein (1998). “Do Endowments Predict the Location of Production? Evidence from National and International Data”. NBER Working Paper, #6815.

 

-P. Schott (2000). “Do Countries Specialize?”. ms: Yale.

 

-A. Bernard and J.B. Jensen (2000). “Who Dies?: International Trade, Market Structure, and Plant Closures”. Ms: Dartmouth.

 

-A. Bernard, J.B. Jensen, and P. Schott (2001). “Factor Price Equality and the Economies of the United States”. NBER Working Paper, #8068.

 

2. An HOS Continuum Model

 

-R. Dornbusch, S. Fischer and P. Samuelson (1980). “Heckscher-Ohlin Trade Theory with a Continuum of Goods”. QJE; V.95-#2, pp. 203-224.

 

-C. Clague (1990). “Capital Utilization in the Heckscher-Ohlin Model with a Continuum of Goods”. IEJ; V.4-#1, pp. 1-23.

 

-Y. Xu (1993). “A General Model of Comparative Advantage with Two Factors and a Continuum of Goods”. IER; V.34-#2, pp. 365-380.

 

3. Lumpy Countries

 

-J. Wilson (1990). “Trade and the Distribution of Economic Well-being in an Economy with Local Public Goods”. JIE; V.29-#3/4, pp. 199-215.

 

-P. Courant and A. Deardorff (1992). “International Trade with Lumpy Countries”. JPE; V.100-#1, pp. 198-210.

 

-P. Courant and A. Deardorff (1993). “Amenities, Nontraded Goods, and the Trade of Lumpy Countries”. JUrbanE; V.34-#?, pp. 299-317.

 

-A. Deardorff (1993). “Directions of Lumpy Country Trade”. in W. Ethier, E. Helpman and J.P. Neary, eds. Theory, Policy and Dynamics in International Trade. Cambridge: CUP, pp. 55-72.

 

-A. Deardorff (1996). “The Effects of Trade Liberalization on the Members of a Trading Bloc: A Lumpy Country Analysis”. in M. Canzoneri, W. Ethier, and V. Grilli, eds. The New Transatlantic Economy. Cambridge: CUP/CEPR, pp. 147-167.

 

-P. Courant, A. Deardorff, and D. Hummels (1999). “Congestion and Taxation in Lumpy Countries”. In A. Panagariya, P. Portney, and R. Schwab, eds., Environmental and Public Economics: Essays in Honor of Wallace E. Oates. Northampton: Elgar, pp. 169-188.

 

-E. Bond (1993). “Trade, Factor Mobility, and Income Distribution in a Regional Model with Compensating Wage Differentials”. RSUE; V.23-#1, pp. 67-84.

 

-E. Bond (1993). “Labor Mobility and Wage Rate Equalization”. in R. Becker, M. Boldrin, R. Jones and W. Thomson, eds. General Equilibrium, Growth, and Trade II. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 442-459.

 

-S. Bucovetsky (1993). “Factor Ownership, Taxes and Specialization”. CJE; V.26-#2, pp. 317-336.

 

-M. Herander (1992). “The Regional Consequences of International Trade with Interregional Capital Mobility”. JIE; V.33-#3/4, pp. 373-381.

 

-J. Roback (1982). “Wages, Rents and the Quality of Life”. JPE; V.90-#6, pp. 1257-1278.

 

-J. Roback (1988). “Wages, Rents and Amenities: Differences among Workers and Regions”. EcInq; V.26-#1, pp. 23-41.

 

-P. Beeson (1991). “Amenities and Regional Differences in Returns to Worker Characteristics”. JUrbanE; V.30-#?, pp. 224-241.

 

-J. Gyourko and J. Tracy (1991). “The Structure of Local Public Finance and the Quality of Life”. JPE; V.99-#4, pp. 774-806.

 

-V. Mathur and S. Stein (1993). “The Role of Amenities in a General Equilibrium Model of Regional Migration and Growth”. SEJ; V.59-#3, pp. 394-409.

 

-M. Kahn (1995). “A Revealed Preference Approach to Ranking City Quality of Life”. Journal of Urban Economics; V.38-#?, pp. 221-235.

 

-F. Carlsen (2000). “Testing Equilibrium Models of Regional Disparities”. Scottish Journal of Political Economy; V.47-#1, pp. 1-24.

 

4. Problems with Preferences

 

a. Trade with Diverse Preferences

 

-P. Kenen (1959). “Distribution, Demand and Equilibrium in International Trade”. KYKLOS; V.12-#4, pp. 629-638.

 

-H.G. Johnson (1959). “International Trade, Income Distribution and the Offer Curve”. MS; V.27-#?, pp. 241-260.

 

-R. Jones (1972). “Activity Analysis and Real Incomes: Analogies with Production Models”. JIE; V.2-#?, pp. 277-302.

 

-A. Woodland (1974). “Demand Conditions in International Trade Theory”. Australian Economic Papers; V.13-#?, pp. 209-224.

 

-R. Linde (1977). “Note on the Influence of Product Prices on the Distribution of Real Income”. Jahrbucher fur Nationalokonomie und Statistik; V.192-#?, pp. 276-281.

 

-R. Ruffin (1979). “A Note on the Heckscher-Ohlin Theorem”. JIE; V.7-#?, pp. 403-405.

 

-R. Jones (1980). “Demand Behavior and the Theory of International Trade”. in J. Chipman and C. Kindleberger, eds., Flexible Exchange Rates and the Balance of Payments. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

 

-Y. Horiba (1982). “Aggregation, Consumer Preferences, and the Pattern of Trade”. EcLets; V.10-#?, pp. 129-136.

 

-J. Melvin (1985). “Domestic Taste Differences, Transportation Costs and International Trade”. JIE; V.18-#?, pp. 65-82.

 

-A. Deardorff (1986). “FIRless FIRwoes: How Preferences Can Interfere with the Theorems of International Trade”. JIE; V.20-#1/2, pp. 131-142.

 

-J. Melvin (1999). “Demand Conditions in International Trade Theory”. in James Melvin, James Moore, and Ray Riezman, eds., Trade, Welfare, and Econometrics: Essays in Honor of John S. Chipman. New York: Routledge, pp. 103-124.

 

-Y. Horiba (1979). “Testing the Demand Side of Comparative Advantage Models”. AER; V.69-#4, pp. 650-661.

 

b. Non-Homothetic Preferences

 

-Y. Horiba (1974). “Non-Homothetic Community Preferences and the n-factor Theory of International Trade”. Metroeconomica; V.26-#?, pp. 171-180.

 

-S. Hirsch (1977). “The Leontief Paradox in a Multi-Country Setting”. WA; V.113-#3, pp. 407-421.

 

-L. Hunter and J. Markusen (1988). “Per Capita Income as a Determinant of International Trade”. in R. Feenstra, ed. Empirical Methods for International Trade. Cambridge: MIT, pp.

 

-L. Hunter (1991). “The Contribution of Non-Homothetic Preferences to Trade”. JIE; V.30-#?, pp. 345-358.

 

-J. Torstensson (1993). “The Heckscher-Ohlin-Vanek Theorem with Quasi-Homothetic Preferences”. EcLets; V.1-#?, pp. 157-160.

 

5. Non-Traded Goods

 

-R. Komiya (1967). “Non-Traded Goods and the Pure Theory of International Trade”. IER, V.8-#2, pp. 132-152.

 

-I.A. McDougall (1970). “Non-traded Commodities and the Pure Theory of International Trade”. in I.A. McDougall and R. Snape, eds. Studies in International Economics, Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 157-192.

 

-R. Jones (1974). “Trade with Non-traded Goods: The Anatomy of Inter-connected Markets”. Eca, V.?-#?, pp. 121-138.

 

-W. Ethier (1971). “The Two Sector Neoclassical Production Model: A Geometric Note and an Extension to Nontraded Goods”. Australian Economic Papers; V.13-#?; pp. 188-195.

 

-W. Ethier (1972). “Nontraded Goods and the Heckscher-Ohlin Model”. IER; V13-#1, pp. 132-147.

 

-B. Hazari, P. Sgro and D. Suh (1980). “A Simple Geometric Treatment of Non-traded Goods in the Pure Theory of International Trade”. KES; V.17-#1, pp. 91-104.

 

-B. Hazari, P. Sgro and D. Suh (1980). Non-Traded and Intermediate Goods and the Pure Theory of International Trade. New York: St. Martins.

 

-F. Rivera-Batiz (1982). “Nontraded Goods and the Pure Theory of International Trade with Equal Numbers of Goods and Factors”. IER; V.23-#2, pp. 401-409.

 

-T. Inoue (1985). “Theorems of International Trade with Nontraded Goods”. ESQ; V.36-#2, pp. 121-132.

 

-J.P. Neary (1988). “Determinants of the Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate”. AER; V.78-#1, pp. 210-215.

 

-A. Deardorff and P. Courant (1990). “On the Likelihood of Factor Price Equalization with Nontraded Goods”. IER; V.31-#3, pp. 589-596.

 

-J. Cassing (1977). “International Trade in the Presence of Pure Monopoly in the Non-Traded Goods Sector”. EJ; V.87-#?, pp. 523-532.

 

-D. Ghosh (1980). “Export Control in a HOS Model of Trade with Nontraded Goods”. Bulletin of Economic Research; V.32-#1, pp. 29-34.

 

-D. Ghosh (1982). “A Modified Swedish-Samuelson Model: An Exercise in Export Regulation”. Indian Economic Journal; V.29-#3, pp. 93-111.

 

-W.M. Corden and J.P. Neary (1982). “Booming Sector and De-industrialization in a Small Open Economy”. EJ; V.92-#?, pp. 825-848.

 

-J.P. Neary and D. Purvis (1982). “Sectoral Shocks in a Dependent Economy: Long-run Adjustment and Short-run Accommodation”. ScanJE; V.84-#2, pp. 229-253.

 

-H. Flamm (1985). “A Heckscher-Ohlin Analysis of the Law of Declining International Trade”. CJE; V.18-#3, pp. 602-615.

 

6. HOS Models with Intermediate Goods and Joint Production

 

a. Private Intermediate Goods

 

(1) Interindustry Flows: Generalized HOS Models

 

-J. Vanek (1963). “Variable Factor Proportions and Interindustry Flows in the Theory of International Trade”. QJE; V.78-#1, pp. 129-142.

 

-R. Warne (1971). “Intermediate Goods in International Trade with Variable Proportions and Two Primary Inputs”. QJE; V.85-#?, pp. 225-236.

 

-M. Kemp (1969). “Intermediate Goods”. in M. Kemp The Pure Theory of International Trade and Investment. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, pp. 148-153.

 

-C. Khang (1971). “An Isovalue Locus Involving Intermediate Goods and Its Application to the Pure Theory of International Trade”. JIE; V.1-#?, pp. 315-326.

 

-M. Kemp and Y. Uekawa (1972). “Produced Inputs and Their Implications for Trade Theory”. EcRec; V.?-#4, pp. 561-569.

 

-W. Chang and W. Mayer (1973). “Intermediate Goods in a General Equilibrium Trade Model”. IER; V.14-#2, pp. 447-459.

 

-K. Okuguchi (1973). “Magnification Effects in a Two-Good Model with Intermediate Inputs”. ZfN; V.33-#?, pp. 413-418.

 

-A. Schweinberger (1975). “The Heckscher-Ohlin Model and Traded Intermediate Products”. REStud; V.42-#?, pp. 269-278.

 

-W. Chang (1977). “Tariff Structure and Output Adjustment in the Presence of Interindustry Flows”. JIE; V.7-#?, pp. 329-342.

 

-C. Khang and Y. Uekawa (1973). “The Production Possibility Set in a Model Allowing Interindustry Flows: The Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for Convexity”. JIE; V.3-#?, pp. 283-290.

 

-D. Scheffman (1973). “Some Remarks on the Net Production Possibilities Set in Models with Intermediate Goods”. JIE; V.3-#?, pp. 291-296.

 

-M. Kemp and C. Khang (1977). “On the Relationship Between Commodity Prices and Gross Outputs in a General Neo-Classical Technology”. IER; V.18-#?, pp. 241-245.

 

-M. Kemp, C. Khang and Y. Uekawa (1978). “On the Flatness of the Transformation Surface”. JIE; V.8-#?, pp. 537-542.

 

(2) Pure Intermediates

 

-R. Batra and F. Casas (1973). “Intermediate Products and the Pure Theory of International Trade: A Neo-Heckscher-Ohlin Framework”. AER; V.63-#3, pp. 297-311.

 

-A. Schweinberger (1975). “Pure Traded Intermediate Products and the Heckscher-Ohlin Theorem”. AER; V.65-#4, pp. 634-643.

 

-A. Schweinberger (1975). “Comparative Advantage and Intermediate Products”. EcRec; V.51-#?, pp. 191-202.

 

-J. Riedel (1976). “Intermediate Products and the Theory of International Trade: A Generalization of the Pure Intermediate Goods Case”. AER; V.66-#3, pp. 441-447.

 

-W. Der (1979). “Multi-Intermediate-Goods Trade: The Gains and a Heckscher-Ohlin Analysis”. AER; V.69-#4, pp. 575-586.

 

-M. Tawada (1982). “The Properties of the Set of Production Possibilities with Pure Intermediate Products”. in M. Kemp, ed. Production Sets. New York: Academic Press, pp. 17-23.

 

-B. Murphy (1989). “Factor Price Changes and Imported Intermediate Goods”. IEJ; V.3-#4, pp. 19-36.

 

-R. Jones (1972). “The Metzler Tariff Paradox: Extensions to Nontraded and Intermediate Commodities”. in G. Horwich and P. Samuelson, Trade Stability and Macroeconomics. New York: Academic Press, pp. 3-18.

 

-P.J. Lloyd (1973). “Optimal Intervention in a Distortion-Ridden Open Economy”. EcRec; V.49-#?, pp. 377-393.

 

-K. Suzuki (1978). “The Welfare Effect of an Export Tax Levied on an Intermediate Good”. QJE; V.92-#?, pp. 55-69.

 

-S. Das (1983). “Optimum Tariffs on Final and Intermediate Goods”. IER; V.24-#2, pp. 493-508.

 

(3) Non-Traded Goods and Inter-Industry Flows

 

-A. Ray (1972). “Traded and Non-Traded Intermediate Goods and the Rybczynski Theorem”. IER; V.13-#?, pp. 523-530.

 

-A. Ray (1975). “Traded and Non-Traded Intermediate Goods and Some Aspects of the Pure Theory of International Trade”. QJE; V.89-#?, pp. 331-340.

 

-H. Flam (1979). “The Rybczynski Theorem in a Model with Non-Traded Goods and Indecomposable Interindustry Flows”. IER; V.20-#3, pp. 661-670.

 

-S. Kakimoto and S. Yabuuchi (1986). “The Rybczynski Theorem in a Model with Non-Traded Goods and Indecomposable Interindustry Flows: Revisited”. JIE; V.20-#?, pp. 157-169.

 

-S. Yabuuchi and S. Kakimoto (1987). “Higher Dimensional Issues in the Rybczynski Theorem with Nontraded Goods and Interindustry Flows”. ESQ; V.38-#3, pp. 193-198.

 

-R. Batra and N. Naqvi (1989). “Non-Traded and Intermediate Goods and the Theory of Protection”. EER; V.33-#?, pp. 721-735.

 

b. Public Intermediate Goods

 

(1) Public Intermediate Goods in GE

 

-K. Kaizuka (1965). “Public Goods and Decentralization of Production”. REStat; V.47-#?, pp. 118-120.

 

-A. Sandmo (1972). “Optimality Rules for the Provision of Collective Factors of Production”. JPubE; V.1-#?, pp. 149-157.

 

-T. Negishi (1973). “The Excess of Public Expenditures on Industry”. JPubE; V.2-#?, pp. 231-240.

 

-R. Boadway (1973). “Similarities and Differences Between Public Goods and Public Factors”. Public Finance; V.28-#?, pp. 245-257.

 

-A.L. Hillman (1978). “Symmetries and Asymmetries between Public-input and Public-good Equilibria”. Public Finance; V.33-#?, pp. 269-279.

 

-J. McMillan (1979). “A Note on the Economics of Public Intermediate Goods”. Public Finance; V.34-#?, pp. 293-299.

 

-J. Henderson (1974). “A Note on the Economics of Public Intermediate Inputs”. Eca, V.41-#?, pp. 322-327.

 

-T. Groves and M. Loeb (1975). “Incentives and Public Inputs”. JPubE; V.4-#?, pp. 211-226.

 

-J.J. Laffont (1976). “Collective Factors of Production under Uncertainty”. JPubE; V.5-#?, pp. 313-324.

 

-P. Pestieau (1976). “Public Intermediate Goods and Distortionary Taxation”. EER; V.7-#?, pp. 351-357.

 

-J. McMillan (1979). “Individual Incentives in the Supply of Public Inputs”. JPubE; V.12-#?, pp. 87-98.

 

-R. Manning, J. Markusen and J. McMillan (1985). “Paying for Public Inputs”. AER; V.75-#1, pp. 235-238.

 

-K. Abe and M. Tawada (1988). “Public Production and the Incidence of a Corporate Income Tax”. ESQ; V.39-#3, pp. 233-245.

 

-J. Feehan (1989). “Pareto Efficiency with Three Varieties of Public Inputs”. Public Finance, V.34-#?, pp. 237-248.

 

(2) Public Intermediate Goods, Trade and Welfare

 

-J. McMillan (1978). “A Dynamic Analysis of Public Intermediate Goods Supply in an Open Economy”. IER; V.19-#?, pp. 665-677.

 

-R. Manning and J. McMillan (1979). “Public Intermediate Goods, Production Possibilities and International Trade”. CJE; V.12-#2, pp. 243-257.

 

-M.A. Khan (1980). “A Factor Price and Public Input Equalization Theorem”. EcLets; V.5-#?, pp. 1-5.

 

-M. Tawada (1980). “The Production-Possibility Set with Public Intermediate Goods”. Etrica; V.47-#?, pp. 1005-1012.

 

-R. Manning and J. McMillan (1982). “The Scale Effect of Public Goods on Production Possibility Sets”. in M. Kemp ed. Production Sets. New York: Academic Press, pp. 119-133.

 

-T. Pugel (1982). “Endogenous Technological Change and International Technology Transfer in a Ricardian Trade Model”. JIE; V.13-#?, pp. 321-335.

 

-M. Tawada and K. Abe (1984). “Production Possibilities and Trade with a Public Intermediate Good”. CJE; V.17-#2, pp. 232-248.

 

-H. Okamoto (1985). “Production Possibilities and International Trade with a Public Intermediate Good: A Generalization”. ESQ; V.36-#1, pp. 35-45.

 

-K. Abe, H. Okamoto and M. Tawada (1986). “A Note on the Production Possibility Frontier with Pure Public Intermediate Goods”. CJE; V.19-#2, pp. 351-356.

 

-L. Altenburg (1987). “Production Possibilities with a Public Intermediate Good”. CJE; V.20-#?, pp. 715-734.

 

-K. Terasaki (1990). “Production Possibilities and International Trade with Public Intermediate Good: A Further Generalization”. ESQ; V.41-#2, pp. 115-123.

 

-S. Ishizawa (1988). “Increasing Returns, Public Input, and International Trade”. AER; V.78-#?, pp. 794-795.

 

-S. Ishizawa (1991). “Increasing Returns, Public Inputs and Transformation Curves”. CJE; V.24-#1, pp. 144-160.

 

-S. Ishizawa (1991). “Increasing Returns and International Trade”. Osaka Economic Papers; V.40-#3/4, pp. 379-392.

 

-L. Altenburg (1992). “Some Trade Theorems with a Public Intermediate Good”. CJE; V.25-#2, pp. 310-332.

 

-K. Abe (1990). “A Public Input as a Determinant of Trade”. CJE; V.23-#2, pp. 400-407.

 

-J. Feehan (1992). “The Optimal Revenue Tariff for Public Input Provision”. JDevE; V.38-#?, pp. 221-231.

 

-M. Michael (1997). “Why Free Trade May Hurt Developing Countries”. RIE; V.5-#2, pp. 179-187.

 

-M.A. Khan (1983). “Public Inputs and the Pure Theory of Trade”. ZfN; V.43-#?, pp. 131-156.

 

-M. Tawada and H. Okamoto (1983). “International Trade with a Public Intermediate Good”. JIE; V.15-#?, pp. 101-115.

 

-M. Tawada (1989). “Public Inputs and the Theory of International Trade”. in M. Tawada, Production Structure and International Trade. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 62-79.

 

c. Joint Production

 

(1) Some Basic Economics of Joint Production

 

-P. Samuelson (1966). “The Fundamental Singularity Theorem of Non-Joint Production”. IER; V.7-#1, pp. 34-41.

 

-E. Burmeister and K. Kuga (1970). “The Factor-Price Frontier, Duality and Joint Production”. RESTud; V.?-#?, pp. 11-19.

 

-M. Hirota and K. Kuga (1971). “On Intrinsic Joint Production”. IER; V.12-#1, pp. 87-98.

 

-E. Burmeister and S. Turnovsky (1971). “The Degree of Joint Production”. IER, V.12-#1, pp. 99-105.

 

-K. Kuga (1973). “More About Joint Production”. IER; V.14-#1, pp. 196-210.

 

-I. Steedman (1982). “Joint Production and the Wage-Rent Frontier”. EJ, V.92-#?, pp. 377-385.

 

-C. Filippini and L. Filippini (1982). “Two Theorems on Joint Production”. EJ; V.92-#?, pp. 386-390.

 

-L. Pasinetti, ed. (1980). Essays on the Theory of Joint Production. New York: Columbia University Press.

 

-W. Baumol, J. Panzer and R. Willig (1982). Contestable Markets and the Theory of Industry Structure. New York: HBJ.

 

-E. Bailey and A. Friedlander (1982). “Market Structure and Multiproduct Industries”. Journal of Economic Literature; V.20-#3, pp. 1024-1048.

 

(2) International Trade with Joint Production

 

-K. Kuga (1972). “The Factor-Price Equalization Theorem”. Etrica; V.40-#?, pp. 723-736.

 

-H. Petith (1975). “A New Theory of International Trade Involving Joint Production”. in M. Parkin and A. Nobay, eds. Contemporary Issues in Economics. Manchester: Manchester University Press, pp. 399-416.

 

-M. Kemp and W. Ethier (1976). “A Note on Joint Production and the Theory of International Trade”. in M. Kemp, Three Topics in the Theory of International Trade. Amsterdam: North Holland, pp. 81-84.

 

-A. Woodland (1977). “Joint Outputs, Intermediate Inputs and International Trade Theory”. IER; V.18-#3, pp. 517-533.

 

-W. Chang, W. Ethier and M. Kemp (1980). “The Theorems of International Trade with Joint Production”. JIE; V.10-#3, pp. 377-394.

 

-M. Kemp, R. Manning, K. Nishimura and M. Tawada (1980). “On the Shape of the Single-Country and World Commodity-Substitution and Factor-Substitution Surfaces under Conditions of Joint Production”. JIE; V.10-#?, pp. 395-404.

 

-P. Samuelson (1992). “Factor-Price Equalization by Trade in Joint and Non-Joint Production”. RIE; V.1-#1, pp. 1-9.

 

-R. Jones (1992). “Jointness in Production and Factor-Price Equalization”. RIE; V.1-#1, pp. 10-18.

 

-M. Albert and W. Kohler (1995). “Factor-Price Equalitzation under Joint and Nonjoint Production”. ZfN; V62-#3, pp. 271-294.

 

d. Trade with Vertical Production

 

-K. Sanyal and R. Jones (1982). “The Theory of Trade in Middle Products”. AER; V.72-#1, pp. 16-31.

 

-R. Jones and D. Purvis (1983). “International Differences in Response to Common External Shocks: The Role of Purchasing Power Parity”. in E. Claassen and P. Salin, eds. Recent Issues in the Theory of Flexible Exchange Rates. Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 33-55.

 

-R. Jones and B. Spencer (1989). “Raw Materials, Processing Activities, and Protectionism”. CJE; V.22-#3, pp. 469-486.

 

-U. Kohli (2001). “Sanyal and Jones on Trade in Middle Products”. Journal of International Trade and Economic Development; V.10-#1, pp. 39-63.

 

-U. Kohli (2001). “Sanyal and Jones on Fragmentation and Trade: Empirical Evidence for South Korea”. in Leonrad K. Cheng and Henryk Kierzkowski, eds. Global Production and Trade in East Asia. Norwell, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp.

 

e. Trade in Services

 

(1) What are services

 

-T.P. Hill (1977). “On Goods and Services”. Review of Income and Wealth; V.23-#?, pp. 315-338.

 

-I. Kravis (1983). “The Share of Services in Economic Growth”. In F. Adams and G. Hickman, eds. Global Econometrics: Essays in Honor of Lawrence Klein. Cambridge: MIT Press.

 

-W. Baumol (1985). “Productivity and Policy in the Service Sector”. In R. Inman, ed. Managing the Service Sector: Prospects and Problems. Cambridge: CUP.

 

-G. Sampson and R. Snape (1985). “Identifying the Issues in Trade in Services”. World Economy; V.8-#2, pp. 171-181.

 

-H. Grubel (1987). “All Traded Services are Embodied in Materials or People”. World Economy; V.10-#?, pp. 319-330.

 

-J. Melvin (1990). “Time and Space in Economic Analysis”. CJE; V.23-#4, pp. 725-747.

 

(2) Trade in services

 

-J. Bhagwati (1984). “Splintering and Disembodiment of Services and Developing Nations”. World Economy; V.7-#?, pp. 133-44.

 

-B. Hindley and A. Smith (1984). “Comparative Advantage in Trade in Services”. World Economy; V.7-#4, pp. 369-389.

 

-A. Deardorff (1985). “Comparative Advantage and International Trade and Investment in Services”. in R. Stern, ed. Trade and Investment in Services: Canada/US Perspectives. Toronto: Ontario Economic Council, pp. 39-71.

 

-G. Grossman and C. Shapiro (1985). “Normative Issues Raised by International Trade in Services”. in R. Stern, ed. Trade and Investment in Services: Canada/US Perspectives. Toronto: Ontario Economic Council

 

-B. Hindley (1988). “Service Sector Protection: Considerations for Developing Countries”. WBER; V.2-#2, pp. 205-224.

 

-B. Hindley (1990). “Services”. in J. Schott, ed. Completing the Uruguay Round. Washington, DC: IIE.

 

-S. Hirsch (1989). “Services and Service Intensity in International Trade”. WA; V.125-#?, pp. 45-60.

 

-J. Melvin (1989). “Trade in Services: A Heckscher-Ohlin Approach”. JPE; V.97-#?, pp. 1180-1196.

 

-S. Djajic and H. Kierzkowski (1989). “Goods, Services and Trade”. Eca; V.56-#?, pp. 83-95.

 

-D. Burgess (1990). “Services as Intermediate Goods: The Issues of Trade Liberalization”. in R. Jones and A. Krueger, eds. The Political Economy of International Trade. Oxford: Basil Blackwell; pp. 122-139.

 

-R. Jones and F. Ruane (1990). “Appraising the Options for Trade in Services”. OEP; V.42-#?, pp. 672-687.

 

-J. Francois (1990). “Increasing Returns to Specialization, Monopolistic Competition and Trade in Services”. CJE; V.23-#?, pp. 109-124.

 

-J. Francois (1990). “Producer Services, Scale, and the Division of Labor”. OEP; V.42-#?, 715-729.

 

-J. Francois (1990). “Trade in Nontradables: Proximity Requirements and the Pattern of Trade in Services”. JIEI; V.5-#1, pp. 31-46.

 

-J. Francois (1993). “Explaining the Pattern of Trade in Services”. International EconomicJournal; V.7-#3, pp. 23-32.

 

-J. Francois (1995). “Dynamic Implications of International Trade in Financial Services”. International Economic Journal; V.9-#3, pp. 1-14.

 

-J. Francois and K. Reinert (1996). “The Role of Services in the Structure of Production and Trade: Stylized Facts from a Cross-Country Analysis”. Asia-Pacific Economic Review; V.2-#1, pp.35-43

 

-B. Hoekman (1994). “Conceptual and Political Economy Issues in Liberalizing International Trade in Services”. in A. Deardorff and R. Stern, eds. Analytical and Negotiating Issues in the Global Trading System. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp. 501-538.

 

-P. Messerlin and K. Sauvant, eds. (1990). Services in the World Economy. Washington, DC: The World Bank.

 

-A. Sapir and C. Winter (1994). “Services Trade”. in D. Greenaway and L.A. Winters, eds. Surveys in International Trade. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 273-302.

 

7. Transportation Cost and Trade

 

a. Transportation Cost and the Theory of Trade

 

-R. Mundell (1957). “A Geometry of Transport Costs in International Trade”. CJE; V.23-#?, pp. 331-348. (Chapter 5 in Mundell's International Economics).

 

-G. Hadley and M. Kemp (1966). “Equilibrium and Efficiency in International Trade”. Metroeconomica; V.18-#?, pp. 125-141.

 

-A. Woodland (1968). “Transportation in International Trade”. Metroeconomica; V.20-#?, pp. 130-135.

 

-H. Herberg (1970). “Economic Growth and International Trade with Transport Cost”. Zeitschrift für die Gesamte Staatswissenschaft; V.126-#?, pp. 577-600.

 

-J. Cassing (1978). “Transport Costs in International Trade Theory: A Comparison with the Analysis of Nontraded Goods”. QJE; V.92-#4, pp. 535-550. (Comment by Mai and Chiang (1983), V.97-#?, pp. 349-351.

 

-J. Cassing (1980). “Shipping Innovation in the Pure Theory of International Trade”. International Journal of Transport Economics; V.-#?, pp.301-324.

 

-S. Yabuuchi (1985). “Transport Costs, Factor Intensities and the Rybczynski Theorem”. EcLets; V.19-#1, pp. 51-55.

 

-L. Mainwaring (1986). “The Theory of International Transport Costs with Tradeable Intermediate Goods”. Scottish Journal of Political Economy; V.33-#2, pp. 111-123.

 

-R. Falvey (1976). “Transport Costs in the Pure Theory of International Trade”. EJ; V.86-#?, pp. 536-550. (Comment by Casas (1981), V.91-#?, pp. 741-744)

 

-F. Casas and E.K. Choi (1985). “Some Paradoxes of Transport Costs in International Trade”. SEJ; V.?-#?, pp. 983-997.

 

-R. Falvey (1979). “A Short-run Model of Transport Costs in International Trade”. International Journal of Transport Economics; V.6-#3, pp. 319-334.

 

-T. Inoue (1985). “Theories of International Trade with Transport Costs”. ESQ; V.36-#1, pp. 23-34.

 

-F. Casas and E.K. Choi (1990). “Transport Innovation and Welfare under Variable Returns to Scale”. IEJ; V.4-#1, pp. 45-57.

 

-L. Wegge (1993). “International Transportation in the Heckscher-Ohlin Model”. in H. Herberg and N.V. Long, eds., Trade, Welfare and Economic Policies. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp. 121-142.

 

-F. Casas (1983). “International Trade with Produced Transport Services”. OEP; V.35-#?, pp. 89-109.

 

-J. Melvin (1985). “The Regional Economic Consequences of Tariffs and Domestic Transportation Costs”. CJE; V.18-#2, pp. 237-257.

 

-D. Rousslang (1991). “Domestic Trade and Transport Costs in International Trade Theory”. International Economic Journal; V.5-#2, pp. 49-61.

 

-J. Cukrowski and M. Fischer (2000). “Theory of Comparative Advantage: Do Transportation Costs Matter?”. Journal of Regional Science; V.40-#2, pp. 311-322.

 

-Y. Shachmurove and U. Spiegel (1995). “On Nations' Size and Transportation Costs”. RIE; V.3-#2, pp. 235-243.

 

b. Protective Consequences of Transportation Costs

 

-V. Geraci and W. Prewo (1977). “Bilateral Trade Flows and Transport Costs”. REStat; V.59-#1, pp. 67-74.

 

-G. Sampson (1978). “An Analysis of the Sources of Intercountry Differences in International Transport Costs”. Economia Internazionale; V.31-#3/4, pp. 234-247.

 

-W. Prewo (1978). “The Structure of Transport Costs on Latin American Exports”. WA; V.?-#?, pp. 305-327.

 

-W.G. Waters (1970). “Transport Costs, Tariffs and the Pattern of Industrial Protection”. AER; V.60-#5, pp. 1013-1020.

 

-W.G. Waters (1971). “A Note on Transport Costs and the Choice of Tariff Valuation Base”. JPE; V.79-#4, pp. 926-928.

 

-W.G. Waters (1974). “Transport Costs and the Static Welfare Costs of Tariffs”. AER; V.64-$4, pp. 730-733.

 

-J.M. Finger and A. Yeats (1976). “Effective Protection by Transportation Costs”. QJE; V.90-#?, pp. 169-176.

 

-J. Jansson and D. Shneerson (1978). “The Effective Protection Implicit in Linear Shipping Rates”. REStat; V.6-#4, pp. 569-573.

 

-D. Clark (1981). “Protection by International Transport Charges: Analysis by Stage of Fabrication”. JDevE; V.8-#?, pp. 339-345.

 

-D. Clark (1981). “On the Relative Importance of International Transport Charges as a Barrier to Trade”. Quarterly Review of Economics and Business; V.21-#?, pp. 127-135.

 

-S. Alam (1990). “Transaction Costs of Trade: Some Partial Equilibrium Results”. SEJ; V.57-#2, pp. 323-329.

 

-K. Krutilla (1989). “Tariff Burdens and Optimal Tariffs under Alternative Transport Cost and Market Structures”. EcLets; V.311-#?, pp. 381-386.

 

-D. Rousslang and T. To (1993). “Domestic Trade and Transportation Costs as Barriers to International Trade”. CJE; V.26-#1, pp. 208-221.

 

-A. Amjadi, L.A. Winters, and A. Yeats (1995). “Transport Costs and Economic Integration in the Americas”. Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Volkswirtschaft und Statistik/Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics; V.131-#3, pp. 465-488.

 

-J. Francois, H. Arce, J. Flynn, and K. Reinert (1996). “Commercial Policy and the Domestic Carrying Trade”. CJE; V.29-#1, pp. 181-198.

 

c. Transportation Costs and Trade: Empirics

 

-Spiros Bougheas, Panicos O. Demetriades, Edgar L.W. Morgenroth (1999). “Infrastructure, transport costs and trade”. Journal of International Economics; V.47-#1, pp. 169-189.

 

-D. Hummels (1999). “Towards A Geography of Trade Costs”. Ms: Purdue University.

 

-D. Hummels (1999). “Have International Transport Costs Declined”. Ms: Purdue University”.

 

-D. Hummels (2000). “Time as a Trade Barrier”. Ms: Purdue University.

 

Nuno Limão and Anthony Venables (2001). “Infrastructure, Geographical Disadvantage, Transport Costs, and Trade”. World Bank Economic Review; V.15-#3, pp. 451-479.

 

-A. Venables and N. Limao (1999). “Geographical Disadvantage: A Heckscher-Ohlin-Von Thunen Model of International Specialisation”. Journal of International Economics; V.58-#2, pp. 239-263.

 

D. International Differences in Technology and Trade

 

-P. Stoneman (1983). The Economic Analysis of Technological Change. New York: Oxford University Press.

 

-P. Stoneman (1987). The Economic Analysis of Technology Policy. New York: Oxford University Press.

 

-L. Cheng (1984). “International Trade and Technology: A Brief Survey of the Recent Literature”. WA; V.120-#?, pp. 165-189.

 

-G. Dosi, K. Pavitt and L. Soete (1988). The Economics of Technical Change and International Trade. Brighton: Wheatsheaf.

 

1. Technology Differences and International Trade

 

-A. Amano (1964). “Determinants of Comparative Costs”. OEP; V.16-#?, pp. 389-400.

 

-P. Bardhan (1965). “International Differences in Production Functions, Trade and Factor Prices”. EJ; V.75-#297, pp. 81-87.

 

-R. Jones (1965). “‘Neutral’ Technological Change and the Isoquant Map”. AER; V.55-#?, pp. 848-855.

 

-R. Jones (1970). “The Role of Technology in the Theory of International Trade”. in R. Vernon, ed. The Technology Factor in International Trade. New York: Columbia/NBER, pp. 72-92.

 

-K. Arrow, H. Chenery, B. Minhas and R. Solow (1961). “Capital-Labor Substitution and Economic Efficiency”. REStat; V.34-#?, pp. 225-250.

 

-B. Minhas (1963). An International Comparison of Factor Costs and Factor Use. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

 

-R. Nelson (1968). “A ‘Diffusion’ Model of International Productivity Differences in Manufacturing Industry”. AER; V.58-#5, pp. 1219-1248.

 

-Ford, Jon and Henry Thompson (1997). “Global Sensitivity of Neoclassical and Factor Proportions Models to Production Technology”. International Economic Journal; V.11-#3, pp. 61-74.

 

2. Technology Change and International Trade

 

a. Analysis of Technological Change in GE

 

-H. Uzawa (1961). “Neutral Inventions and the Stability of Growth Equilibrium”. REStud; V.28-#?, pp. 117-124.

 

-A. Asimakopoulos and J. Weldon (1963). “The Classification of Technical Progress in Models of Economic Growth”. Eca; V.30-#?, pp. 372-386.

 

-A. Amano (1964). “Biased Technical Progress and a Neoclassical Theory of Economic Growth”. QJE; V.78-#1, pp. 129-138.

 

-P. Diamond (1965). “Disembodied Technical Change in a Two-Sector Model”. REStud; V.32-#?, pp. 161-168.

 

-W. Chang (1970). “The Neoclassical Theory of Technical Progress”. AER; V.60-#?, pp. 912-923.

 

b. Endogenous Technology Choice

 

-W. Fellner (1961). “Two Propositions in the Theory of Induced Innovation”. EJ; V.71-#?, pp. 305-308.

 

-C. Kennedy (1964). “Induced Bias in Innovation and the Theory of Distribution”. EJ; V.74-#?, pp. 541-547.

 

-P. Samuelson (1965). “A Theory of Induced Innovation Along Kennedy-Weizsäcker Lines”. REStat; V.47-#?, pp. 343-356. (Comment by Kennedy and Reply, REStat, V.48-#?, pp. 442-448)

 

-C.C. von Weizsäcker (1966). “Tentative Notes on a Two Sector Model with Induced Technical Progress”. REStud; V.33-#?, pp. 245-251.

 

-E.M. Drandakis and E. Phelps (1966). “A Model of Induced Invention, Growth and Distribution”. EJ; V.76-#?, pp. 823-840

 

-A. Amano (1967). “Induced Bias in Technological Progress and Economic Growth”. ESQ; V.17-#?, pp. 1-17.

 

-W. Chang (1970). “A Two-Sector Model of Economic Growth with Induced Technical Progress”. CJE; V.3-#?, pp.

 

-W. Chang (197?). “Induced Bias in Invention in Two-Sector Growth Models”. Metroeconomica; V.?-#?, pp. 288-305.

 

-W. Nordhaus (1967). “The Optimal Rate and Direction of Technical Change”. in K. Shell, ed. Essays on the Theory of Optimal Economic Growth. Cambridge: MIT, pp. 53-66.

 

-W. Nordhaus (1969). “An Economic Theory of Technological Change”. AER; V.59-#2, pp. 18-28.

 

-M. Gort and R. Wall (1986). “The Evolution of Technologies and Investment in Innovation”. EJ; V.96-#?, pp. 741-757.

 

-K. Arrow (1969). “Classifacatory Notes on the Production and Transmission of Technological Knowledge”. AER; V.59-#2, pp. 29-35.

 

-A. Atkinson and J. Stiglitz (1969). “A New View of Technological Change”. EJ; V.79-#315, pp. 573-578.

 

-C. Kennedy (1973). “A Generalisation of the Theory of Induced Bias in Technical Progress”. EJ; V.83-#?, pp. 48-57.

 

-K. Shell (1966). “Toward a Theory of Inventive Activity and Capital Accumulation”. AER; V.56-#2, pp. 62-68.

 

-K. Shell (1967). “A Model of Inventive Activity and Capital Accumulation”. in K. Shell, ed. Essays on the Theory of Optimal Economic Growth. Cambridge: MIT, pp. 67-85..

 

c. Technology Change in Models of International Trade

 

-J. Hicks (1953). “An Inaugural Lecture”. OEP; V.5-#?, pp. 117-135.

 

-M. Kemp (1955). “Technological Change, Terms of Trade and Welfare”. EJ; V.65-#?, pp. 457-473.

 

-R. Findlay and H. Grubert (1959). “Factor Intensities, Technological Progress and the Terms of Trade”. OEP; V.11-#1, pp. 111-121.

 

-P. Doeringer (1967). “Factor Prices and Technological Change”. EcInq; V.?-#?, pp. 111-121.

 

-J. Borkakoti (1980). “Generalized Findlay-Grubert Theorems”. QJE; V.95-#4, pp. 587-611.

 

-J.P. Neary (1981). “On the Short-Run Effects of Technological Progress”. OEP; V.33-#2, pp. 224-233.

 

-M.V. Posner (1961). “International Trade and Technical Change”. OEP; V.?-#3, pp. 323-341.

 

-J. Chipman (1970). “Induced Technical Change and Patterns of International Trade”. in R. Vernon, ed. pp. 94-127.

 

-R. Klein (1973). “A Dynamic Theory of Comparative Advantage”. AER; V.63-#1, pp. 173-184.

 

-R. Klein (1977). Dynamic Competition. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

 

-M. Teubal (1975). “Toward a Neotechnology Theory of Comparative Costs”. QJE; V.85-#?, pp. 415-431.

 

-J. Borkakoti (197?). “Some Welfare Implications of the Neo-Technology Hypothesis of the Pattern of International Trade”. OEP; V.?-#?, pp. 383-399.

 

-C. Hamilton and H.T. Soderstrom (1981). “Technology and International Trade: A Heckscher Ohlin Approach”. in S. Grassman and E. Lundberg, eds. The World Economic Order: Past and Prospects. London: Macmillan, pp. 167-193.

 

-L. Cheng (1984). “International Competition in R&D and Technological Leadership: An Examination of the Posner-Hufbauer Hypothesis”. JIE; V.17-#?, pp. 15-40.

 

-J.S. Metcalfe and L. Soete (1984). “Notes on the Evolution of Technology and International Competition”. in M. Gibbons, et al. eds. Science and Technology Policy in the 1980's and Beyond. London: Longmans.

 

-H. Katrak (1988). “R&D, International Production and Trade: The Technological Gap Theory in a Factor-Endowment Model”. MS; V.56-#3, pp. 205-222.

 

-W.E. Diewert (1987). “The Effects of an Innovation: A Trade Theory Approach”. CJE; V.20-#4, pp. 694-714.

 

-B. Xu (2001). “Factor Bias, Sector Bias and the Effects of Technical Progress on Relative Factor Prices”. JIE; V.54-#1, pp. 5-25.

 

3. Empirical Evidence on Technology and Trade

 

a. Testing the Technology-Gap Hypothesis

 

-G.C. Hufbauer (1966). Synthetic Materials and International Trade. London: Duckworth.

 

-W. Gruber, D. Mehta and R. Vernon (1967). “The R&D Factor in International Trade and Investment of US Industries. JPE; V.75-#1, pp. 20-37.

 

-D. Keesing (1967). “The Impact of R&D on US International Trade”. JPE; V.75-#1, pp. 38-45.

 

-W. Gruber and R. Vernon (1971). “The Technology Factor in a World Trade Matrix”. in R. Vernon ed. The Technology Factor in International Trade. New York: Columbia University Press/NBER, pp. 233-272.

 

-G.C. Hufbauer (1971). “The Impact of National Characteristics and Technology on the Commodity Composition of Trade in Manufactured Goods”. in R. Vernon ed. The Technology Factor in International Trade. New York: Columbia University Press/NBER, pp. 145-231.

 

-H. Katrak (1973). “Human Skills, R&D and Scale Economies in the Exports of the UK and US”. OEP; V.25-#2, pp. 337-360.

 

-S. Hirsch (1974). “Capital or Technology? Confronting the Neo-Factor Proportions and Neo-Technology Accounts of International Trade”. WA; V.110-#?, pp. 535-563

 

-F. Wolter (1977). “Factor Proportions, Technology and West German Industry's International Trade Patterns”. WA; V.113-#2, pp. 250-267.

 

-E. Graham (1979). “Technological Innovation and the Dynamics of US Comparative Advantage”. in C. Hill and J. Utterback, eds. Technological Innovation for a Dynamic Economy. New York: Pergammon Press.

 

-A. Aquino (1981). “Changes Over Time in the Pattern of Comparative Advantage in Manufactured Goods: An Empirical Analysis for the Period 1962-1974". EER; V.15-#1, pp. 41-62.

 

-L. Soete (1981). “A General Test of Technology Gap Trae Theory”. WA; V.117-#4, pp.

 

-G. Dosi and L.G. Soete (1983). “Technology Gaps and Cost-based Adjustment: Some Explorations on the Determinants of International Competitiveness”. Metroeconomica; V.35-#3, pp. 197-222.

 

-K. Pavitt and L. Soete (1980). “Innovative Activities and Export Shares: Some Comparisons between Industries and Countries”. in K. Pavitt, ed. Technical Innovation and British Economic Performance. London: Macmillan, pp. 38-66.

 

-K. Pavitt and L. Soete (1982). “International Differences in Economic Growth and the International Location of Innovation”. in H. Giersch ed. Emerging Technologies--Consequences for Economic Growth, Structural Change and Employment. Tubingen: JCB Mohr.

 

-L. Sveikauskas (1983). “Science and Technology in US Foreign Trade”. EJ; V.93-#?, pp. 242-261.

 

-L. Sveikauskas (1984). “Science and Technology in Many Different Industries: Data for the Analysis of International Trade”. Review of Public Data Use; pp. 133-156.

 

-K.S. Hughes (1986). “Exports and Innovation: A Simultaneous Model”. EER; V.30-#2, pp. 383-399.

 

b. International Technology Differences, Sectoral Productivity (TFP) and Trade Patterns

 

(1) Technology Differences and Trade Pattern

 

-A. Krueger and B. Tuncer (1982). “Growth of Factor Productivity in Turkish Manufacturing Industries”. JDevE; V.11-#?, pp. 307-325.

 

-M. Nishimizu and S. Robinson (1984). “Trade Policies and Productivity Change in Semi-Industrialized Countries”. JDevE; V.16-#?, pp. 177-206.

 

-T.J. Chen and D. Tang (1990). “Export Performance and Productivity Growth: The Case of Taiwan”. EDCC; V.38-#?, pp. 577-585.

 

-D. Dollar, W. Baumol, and E. Wolff (1988). “The Factor-Price Equalization Model and Industry Labor Productivity”. in R. Feenstra, ed. Empiical Methods for International Trade. Cambridge: MIT, pp. 5-22.

 

-D. Dollar and E. Wolff (1993). Competitiveness, Convergence, and International Specialization. Cambridge: MIT.

 

-K. Maskus (1991). “Comparing International Trade Data and Product and National Characteristics Data for the Analysis of International Trade Models”. in P. Hooper and J.D. Richardson, eds. International Economic Transactions: Issues in Measurement and Empirical Research. Chicago: University of Chicago Press/NBER, pp. 17-56.

 

-R. Brecher and E. Choudhri (1993). “Some Empirical Support for the HO Model of Production”. CJE; V.26-#2, pp. 272-285.

 

-D. Trefler (1993). “International Factor Price Differences: Leontief was Right!”. JPE; V.101-#6, pp. 961-987.

 

-D. Trefler (1995). “The Case of Missing Trade and Other Mysteries”. AER; V.85-#5, pp. 1029-1046.

 

-J. Harrigan (1995). “Factor Endowments and The International Location of Production: Econometric Evidence for the OECD, 1970-1985". JIE; V.39-#1/2, pp. 123-141.

 

-J. Harrigan (1997). “Technology, Factor Supplies, and International Specialization: Estimating the Neoclassical Model”. AER; V.87-#4, pp. 475-494.

 

-Thompson, Henry (1997). “International Differences in Production Functions and Factor Price Equalization”. Keio Economic Studies; V.34-#1, pp. 43-54.

 

-K. Maskus and A. Webster (1999). “Estimating the HOV Model with Technology Differences Using Disaggregated Labor Skills for the United States and the United Kingdom”. RIE; V.7-#1, pp. 8-19.

 

-D. Hakura (2001). “Why Does HOV Fail?: The Role of Technology Differences within the EC”. JIE; V.54-#2, pp. 361-382.

 

-P. Debeare (2003). “Relative Factor Abundance and Trade”. JPE; V.111-#3, pp. 589-610.

 

-A. Repetto and J. Ventura (1998). “The Leontief-Trefler Hypothesis and Factor Price Insensitivity”. Ms: MIT.

 

(2) Measuring Technology Difference

 

(a) Theory

 

-W.E. Diewert (1976). “Exact and Superlative Index Numbers”. Journal of Econometrics; V.4-#?, pp. 115-145.

 

-D. Caves, L. Christensen and W.E. Diewert (1982). “Multilateral Comparisons of Output, Input, and Productivity Using Superlative Index Numbers”. EJ; V.92-#1, pp. 73-86.

 

-D. Caves, L. Christensen and W.E. Diewert (1982). “The Economic Theory of Index Numbers and the Measurement of Input, Output, and Productivity”. Etrica; V.50-#6, pp. 1393-1414.

 

-W.E. Diewert (1983). “The Theory of the Output Price Index and the Measurement of Real Output Change”. in Price Level Measurement. Toronto: Statistics Canada, pp. 1049-1113.

 

(b) Practice

 

-F. Gollop and D. Jorgenson (1980). “US Productivity Growth by Industry, 1947-1973". in J. Kendrick and B. Vaccara, eds. New Developments in Productivity Measurement and Analysis. Chicago: Univeristy of Chicago Press, pp. 17-136.

 

-K. Conrad and D. Jorgenson (1985). “Sectoral Productivity Gaps between the US, Japan and Germany, 1960-1979". in Probleme unde Perspektiven der weltwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 335-347.

 

-D. Jorgenson, M. Kuroda, and M. Nishimizu (1987). “Japan-US Industry-Level Productivity Comparisons, 1960-1979". Journal of Japanese and International Economies; V.1-#1, pp. 1-30.

 

-D. Jorgenson and M. Kuroda (1990). “Productivity and Internationl Competitiveness in Japan and the US”. in C. Hulten, ed. Productivity Growth in Japan and the US. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 29-55

 

-W. Gullickson and M. Harper (1987). “Multifactor Productivity in US Manufacturing, 1949-1983". Monthly Labor Review; October, pp. 18-28.

 

-W. Gullickson and M. Harper (1992). “Multifactor Productivity in Manufacturing Industries”. Monthly Labor Review; October, pp. 20-32.

 

-R. Nelson (1981). “Research on Productivity Growth and Differences”. JEL; V.19-#3, pp. 1029-1064.

 

-I. Kravis (1984). “Comparative Studies of National Income and prices”. JEL; V.22-#1, pp. 39.

 

-R. Maris (1984). “Comparing the Incomes of Nations”. JEL; V.22-#1, pp. 40-57.

 

-R. Summers and A. Heston (1991). “The Penn World Table (Mark V): An Expanded Set of International Comparisons, 1950-1988". QJE; V.106-#?, pp. 327-368.

 

-B. van Ark (1993). “The ICOP Approach--Its Implications and Applicability” in A. Szimari, B. van Ark and D. Pilat, eds. Explaining Economic Growth--Essays in Honor of Angus Madison. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

 

-D. Nuxoll (1994). “Differences in Relative Prices and International Differences in Growth Rates”. AER; V.84-#5, pp. 1423-1436.

 

-B. van Ark (1990). “Comparative Levels of Manufacturing Productivity in Postwar Europe: Measurement and Comparisons”. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, V.52-#4, pp. 343-34.

 

-B. van Ark and D. Pilat (1993). “Productivity Levels in Germany, Japan and the US: Differences and Causes”. BPEA--Microeconomics; #2, pp. 1-69.

 

-D. Pilat (1993). “The Sectoral Productivity Performance of Japan and the US, 1885-1990". Review of Income and Wealth; V.39-#4, pp. 357-375.

 

-J. Harrigan (1994). “Cross-Country Comparisons of Industry Total Factor Productivity: Theory and Evidence”. ms: University of Pittsburgh.

 

-J. Harrigan (1997). “Estimation of Cross-Country Differences in Industry Production Functions”. JIE; V.47-#2, pp. 267-293.