Schnake & Ruscher (1998) Schnake, S. B., & Ruscher, J. B. (1998). Modern racism as a predictor of the linguistic intergroup bias. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 17, 486-493

In this experiment, European-Americans who were high versus low in modern racism communicated their impressions of an African-American target to a European-American receiver. Although no difference in the overall negativity of the transmissions was detected, high modern racists used more abstract terms to describe stereotypic African-American behaviors (e.g., he is aggressive rather than he hit someone) than did low modern racists. This pattern is consistent with the Linguistic Intergroup Bias (LIB), and represents the first known study showing a relation between an individual difference measure and the LIB.

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