Ruscher & Hurley (2000) Ruscher, J. B., & Hurley, M. M. (2000). Off-target verbosity evokes negative stereotypes of older adultsJournal of Language and Social Psychology, 19,139-147.

Demonstrated that younger listeners stereotype elderly speakers who are both off-target and verbose; younger listeners also have limited memory for the details of off-target verbose messages. Speakers who are verbose, but on-target, neither are stereotyped nor are the details of their messages forgotten. The implications for successful aging are discussed.

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