Examined how shared impressions of a third party are formed by close friends versus mere
acquaintainces. Because close friends should possess a high level of cognitive
interdependence, they typically should be able to form impressions with efficiency, and to
form impressions that have social utility. If the cognitive interdependence system is
disrupted by mutual distraction, however, these advantages should attenuate or even reverse.
Dyads of varying degrees of closeness were mutually distracted or not while discussing their
impressions of another female college student. When dyads were not mutually distracted,
closeness predicted mutual recognition of who controlled the conversation, reduced need to ask
explicit questions, and more complex impressions.
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