Examined the role of situational stigma salience on the metaperceptions and
self-conscious concern of stigma-bearing targets. Participants interacted with a
confederate while they were assigned randomly to
one of three roles: control role, stigmatized role (no disclosure), stigmatized role
(disclosure). In Experiment
1, bearing a concealable stigma resulted in greater paranoid social cognition (self-conscious
concern, sinister attributions, negative attitudinal metaperceptions). Experiment 2
replicated Experiment 1, and also showed that disclosure of the stigma magnified the paranoid
social cognition effects.
Implications of these findings
for the understanding of the stigmatization experience, as well as for future research on
individuals with long-term stigmas are discussed.
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