Schnake et al. (2006) Schnake, S. B., Beal, D. J. & Ruscher, J. B., & (2006) Modern racism and intergroup bias in causal explanation Race, Gender, and Class

Conversational conventions hold that later information should receive greater weight in judgment, insofar as the communicator would not have added information unless it was espeically relevant. Previous work (Beal, Ruscher, & Schnake, 2001) showed that European-Americans' use conversational conventions in understanding causal explanation support intergroup bias. For example, a mitigating external explanations for negative behavior that appears at the end of a sentence should be weighted heavily, yielding a more favorable impression of the actor. Beal et al. demonstrated that European-American participants follow this pattern for European-American actors, but not for ethnic minority actors (i.e., they do not give minorities the benefit of the doubt). The present study showed that European-Americans who were high in modern racism against African-Americans showed this biased pattern more than did European-Americans who were low in modern racism.

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