This list comprises empirical work that began or was completed during students' tenure at Tulane, not later work or work with other faculty.
Graduate Student Publications

Graduate Student Presentations

Undergraduate Student Publications and Presentations


Graduate Student Publications

Ruscher, J. B., & Wallace, D. L. (in press). Prejudiced and discriminatory communication. In W. Donsbach (Ed.). International encyclopedia of communication. Blackwell.
Santuzzi, A. M., & Ruscher, J. B. (in press). Distancing from incompetent ingroup members: Evidence for the Black Sheep Effect. Race, Gender, and Class
Schnake, S. B., Beal, D. J., & Ruscher, J. B. (in press). Modern racism and intergroup bias in causal explanation Race, Gender, and Class
Cralley, E. L., & Ruscher, J. B. (2005). Lady, girl, female, or woman: Sexism and cognitive busyness predict use of gender-biased nouns. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 24, 300-314.
Study 2 based on Cralley's Ph.D. dissertation
Ruscher, J. B., Cralley, E. L., & O'Farrell, K. J. (2005). How newly acquainted dyads develop shared stereotypic impressions of others through conversation. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 8, 259-270
Kaplan, S. A., Bradley, J. C., & Ruscher, J. B. (2004). The inhibitory role of cynical disposition in the provision and receipt of social support: The case of the September 11th terrorist attacksPersonality and Individual Differences, 37, 1221-1232
Ruscher, J. B., Santuzzi, A. M., & Hammer, E. Y. (2003). Shared impression formation in the cognitively interdependent dyadBritish Journal of Social Psychology, 42, 411-425
Santuzzi, A. M., & Ruscher, J. B. (2002). Stigma salience and paranoid social cognition: Understanding variability in metaperceptions among individuals with recently-acquired stigma Social Cognition, 20,171-197
Based on Santuzzi's M.S. Thesis
Cralley, E. L., & Ruscher, J. B. (2001). To share or not to share: Unique data sets facilitate comprehension in a psychology statistics course. College Student Journal, 35, 498-503
Beal, D. J., Ruscher, J. B., & Schnake, S. B. (2001). No benefit of the doubt: Intergroup bias in understanding causal explanation.British Journal of Social Psychology, 40, 531-544
Beal, D. J., O'Neal, E. C., Ong, J., & Ruscher, J. B. (2000). The ways and means of interracial aggression: Modern racists' use of covert retaliation. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26, 1225-1238
Study 1 comprised Beal's M.S. thesis
Duval, L. L., Ruscher, J. B., Welsh, K., & Catanese, S. P. (2000). Bolstering and undercutting use of the elderly stereotype through communication of exemplars: The role of speaker age and exemplar stereotypicality. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 22. 137-146
Based on follow-up to Duval's Ph.D. dissertation, which comprised Welsh and Catanese honors theses

Ruscher, J. B., Fiske, S. T. & Schnake, S. B. (2000). The motivated tactician's juggling act: Compatible versus incompatible impression goals British Journal of Social Psychology, 39, 241-256
Ruscher, J. B., & Duval, L. L. (1998). Multiple communicators with unique target information transmit less stereotypical impressions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 329-344.
Schnake, S. B., & Ruscher, J. B. (1998). Modern racism as a predictor of the linguistic intergroup bias Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 17, 486-493
Based on Schnake's M.S. thesis
Hammer, E. D., & Ruscher, J. B. (1997). Conversing dyads explain the unexpected: Narrative and situational explanations for unexpected outcomes. British Journal of Social Psychology, 36. 347-360.
Based on Hammer's M.S. Thesis
Ruscher, J. B., O'Neal, E. C., & Hammer, E. D. (1997). The perception of an outgroup after provocation by one of its members.Journal of Social Psychology, 137, 5-9
Schnake, S. B., Ruscher, J. B., Gratz, K. L., & O'Neal, E. C. (1997). Measure for measure? Male retaliation commensurate with anger depends on provocateur gender and aggression covertness. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 12, 937-954.
Study 2 based on Gratz's honor's thesis
Ruscher, J. B., & Hammer, E. Y. (1996). Choosing to sever or maintain association induces biased impression formation.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 701-712.
Ruscher, J. B., Hammer, E. Y., & Hammer, E. D. (1996). Forming shared impressions through conversation: An adaptation of the Continuum Model. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 22, 705-720.
Ruscher, J. B., & Hammer, E. D. (1994). Revising disrupted impressions through conversation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64, , 530-541.



Graduate Student Presentations

Ruscher, J. B., Walker, K. M., & Bell, L. H. (2006). Quality and style of cross-race performance feedback depends upon dual concerns of accountability and appearing nonprejudiced. Poster presented at the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Palm Springs, CA

Santuzzi, A. M. (2005). Perceptions and metaperceptions of negative evaluation: Group composition and interpersonal accuracy in a social relations model. Poster presented at the 6th Annual Meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology. New Orleans, LA.

Walker, K. M., & Ruscher, J. B. (2005). Accountability and reduced concerns about appearing prejudiced facilitate a pedagogical stance in cross-race performance feedback. Poster presented at the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, New Orleans, LA

Wallace, D. L., & Ruscher, J. B. (2005). African American college students as mastery- oriented learners. Poster presented at the American Psychological Society, Los Angeles, CA.

Pruitt, E. R., & Ruscher, J. B. (2004). Manifestation of the Linguistic Intergroup Bias Under the Motivation to Control Prejudice. Poster presented at the Society of Personality and Social Psychology, Austin, TX.

Santuzzi, A. M. (2004). Differences in perceived stigmatization across stigmas and situations. Poster presented at the 5th Annual Meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Austin, TX.

Santuzzi, A. M. (2004). When stigma becomes an issue: Variability in the target's experience. Symposium presentation at the Annual Meeting of the International Association for Relationship Research, Madison, WI.

O'Farrell, K. J. (2003). Threats to new friendships: Feelings of support and thoughts about the self depend on the ambiguity of relational devaluation. Poster presented at the Society for Personality and Social Psychology Annual Meeting, Universal City/ Los Angeles

Pruitt, E. R., & Ruscher, J. B. (2003). Stereotypicness of media portrayals of African Americans: Effects on hiring recommendations. Poster presented at the American Psychological Society, Atlanta, GA

Santuzzi, A. M., Metzger, P. M., & Ruscher, J. B. (2003). Body image consciousness and metaperception. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society of Experimental Social Psychology, Boston, MA.

Santuzzi, A. M., O'Neal, E. C., & Ruscher, J. B. (2003). Stigma consciousness, paranoid cognition, and perceptions of sexism among women. Poster presented at the American Psychological Society, Atlanta, GA

Kaplan, S., & Ruscher, J.B. (2002). Motivated metaperceptions in a selection context. Poster presented at the annualÊmeeting of the American Psychological Society, New Orleans, LA.

O'Farrell, K. J., & Ruscher, J. B. (2002). Closeness moderates responses to relational devaluation. Poster presented at the meeting of the Society of Personality and Social Psychology, Savannah GA

Ruscher, J. B., & Kaplan, S. A. (2002). Cracks in the looking glass: Situational cues attenuate the self-perception--> metaperception relation. Paper presented at the annual meeting of Experimental Social Psychologists, Colombus, OH.

Ruscher, J. B., Santuzzi, A., M., & Hammer, E. Y. (2002). Cognitive interdependence and shared impression formation. Contribution to a symposium on "Communication of Intergroup Bias" (F. Pratto and J. Korchmaros, Chairs) at the meeting of the Society of Personality and Social Psychology, Savannah GA

Santuzzi, A. M., O'Neal, E. C., & Ruscher, J. B. (2002). Paranoid cognition among stigmatized students. Presented at the Society of Experimental Social Psychology, Columbus, OH.

Santuzzi, A. M., & Ruscher, J. B. (2002). Distancing from incompetent ingroup members: Evidence for the Black Sheep Effect. Poster presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Society, New Orleans, LA.

Santuzzi, A. M., & Ruscher, J. B. (2002). Paranoid social cognition: Stigmatized individuals' metaperceptions of others following stigma disclosure. Poster presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Society, New Orleans, LA.

McLendon, C. L., & Ruscher, J. B. (2001). Hiring recommendations as a function of social dominance orientation. Poster presented at the meeting of the Society of Industrial Organizational Psychology, San Diego, CA

Santuzzi, A. M., & Ruscher, J. B. (2001). Stigma salience and paranoid social cognition: Effects of disclosure on inferences made by stigmatized targets. Poster presented at the meeting of the Society of Personality and Social Psychology, San Antonio, TX.

O'Farrell, K. J., & Ruscher, J. B. (2000). Close friendship and information processing in response to overhearing self-relevant information. Poster presented at the meeting of the Society of Personality and Social Psychology, Nashville, TN.

Ruscher, J. B., Santuzzi, A. M., & Hammer, E. Y. (2000). Shared impression formation in the cognitively interdependent dyad. Poster presented at the Society of Experimental Social Psychology, Atlanta, GA.

Santuzzi, A. M., & Ruscher, J. B. (2000). Dyadic shared impressions: Effects of distraction and relationship length on consensual impressions. Poster presented at the American Psychological Society, Miami, FL.

Ruscher, J. B., Cralley, E. L., & O'Farrell, K. J. (1999). Interpersonal cohesion encourages shared stereotypic impressions. Contribution to a symposium on "Stereotypes as consensually-shared structures," Society of Experimental Social Psychology, St. Louis, MO.

Burks, A.T., Hammer, E.Y., & Ruscher, J.B. (1997). Distraction and focus on stereotype irrelevant information dilutes shared stereotypic impressions. Poster presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Society, Washington, D.C.

Cralley, E. L., & Ruscher, J. B. (1997). Women's global comments about women exaggerate modern sexists' stereotype use. Poster presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Society, Washington, DC.

Ruscher, J. B., Fiske, S. T., & Schnake, S. B. (1997). Multiple impression formation goals. Presented at the meeting of the Society of Experimental Social Psychology, Toronto, Canada.

Ruscher, J. B., & Duval, L. L. (1997). Multiple communicators with unique target information transmit more individuated impressions. Poster presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Society, Washington, DC.

Schnake, S. B., & Ruscher, J. B. (1997). Linguistic indicators of prejudiced attitudes. Poster presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Society, Washington, DC.

Hammer, E. D. (1996). Low-prejudiced perceivers need cognitive capacity to moderate initial stereotypic dispositional attributions. Poster presented at the Eighth American Psychological Society Annual Convention. Washington, DC.

Ruscher, J. B., & Duval, L. L. (1995). Multiple communicators and the transmission of individuating versus stereotypic impressions. Poster presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Society, New York City.

Schnake, S. B., & Ruscher, J. B. (1995). Men's behavioral and affective reactions to provocation by a woman. Poster presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Society, New York City.

Yost, E. A. (1995). The role of motivation and cognitive capacity in transactive impression formation. Poster presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Society. New York, New York.

Duval, L. L., & Ruscher, J. B. (1994). Men use more detail to explain a gender-neutral task to women. Poster presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Society, Washington, D.C.

Hammer, E. D., & Ruscher, J. B. (1994). Conversing dyads generate external causal explanations for target-unexpected outcomes. Poster presented at the Sixth American Psychological Society Annual Convention. Washington, DC.


Undergraduate Student Publications and Presentations

Ruscher, J. B., Walker, K. M., & Bell, L. H. (2006). Quality and style of cross-race performance feedback depends upon dual concerns of accountability and appearing nonprejudiced. Poster presented at the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Palm Springs, CA
Study 2 based on Bell's honors thesis

Santuzzi, A. M., Metzger, P. L., & Ruscher, J. B.(2006). "Body image and expected future interaction Current Research in Social Psychology, 11, 153-171
Based in part on Metzger's honors thesis
Also presented at SESP 2003
Duval, L. L., Ruscher, J. B., Welsh, K., & Catanese, S. P. (2000). Bolstering and undercutting use of the elderly stereotype through communication of exemplars: The role of speaker age and exemplar stereotypicality. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 22. 137-146
Based on follow-up to Duval's Ph.D. dissertation, which comprised Welsh and Catanese honors theses

Gauthreaux, V. (2000). Relating pretrial publicity, judicial instruction, and thought suppression with guilt tatings. Psi Chi Journal of Undergraduate Research, 5
Gauthreaux's honors thesis

Schnake, S. B., Ruscher, J. B., Gratz, K. L., & O'Neal, E. C. (1997). Measure for measure? Male retaliation commensurate with anger depends on provocateur gender and aggression covertness. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 12, 937-954.
Study 2 based on Gratz's honor's thesis

Cummings, L. P., & Ruscher, J. B. (1994). Resolving internal discrepancies impairs communicators' recognition memory: A linguistic perspective. Social Cognition, 12, 205-222.
Based on Cummings' honors thesis

Ruscher, J. B., & Hastings, C. T. (1996). Distraction attenuates defensive processing of health-risk messages. Presented at the meeting of the Society of Experimental Social Psychology. Sturbridge, MA
Based on Hastings' honors thesis

Department of Psychology Tulane University 2007 Percival Stern Hall New Orleans LA 70118
Phone: (504)865-5331 Fax: (504)862-8744 psych@tulane.edu

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Last updated 12/01/06