Abitur - difficult exam that German students take, of which their score determines whether or not they will gain admittance to university.

Adventskranz – Advent wreath, a candle is lighted each Sunday of Advent.

Agency - the ability of individuals to think and act in an independent manner without subordination of social constraints.

Aryan - blonde haired, blue eyed, and German

Diversity - the variety of traits, experiences, and cultures of children in their societies.

Erntedankfest – Thanksgiving; 1st Sunday in October

Erster Mai – May Day; May 1st

Fasching – The Karneval season starting November 11th and leading up to Lent.

Federal Republic - a state in which powers of the central government are restricted and in which component parts retain a degree of self-government.

Froebel Methods - a style of teaching in kindergarten with activities that encourage abstract thought and free play.

Grundschule - German word for primary school

Gymnasium - competitive junior and senior high school that trains students for university.

Hauptschule - general post primary school that trains students for blue collar work.

Heiligabend - Christmas Eve, the main day of celebrations; December 24th, Public Holiday

Lander - the different states in Germany

Literate - age 15 and over can read and write

Neujahr – New Year's Day; January 1st (Public Holiday)

Nikolaustag - St. Nicholas Day when children receive presents from St. Nicholas in their shoes they leave out the night before; December 6th.

Normalization -  the progressing of a government of a society towards a Western
liberal democracy through a systematic breakdown in politics and adjustments
in society.

Oktoberfest – The largest festival in the world with about 6 million participants each year lasting 16 days until the 1st Sunday in October.

Ostern – Easter

Realschule - post primary school that trains students for white collar work.

Reunification - the process that occured in the 1990's when East and West Germany became one country.

Silvester - New Year's Eve; December 31st

Social Structure - the hierarchy of social relationships within a particular society.

Tag der Arbeit - Labor Day; May 1st

Tag der deutschen Einheit
- Day of German Unity marking the reunification of East and West Germany; October 3rd, Public Holiday.

– Christmas tress

Weihnachten - Christmas Day; December 25th, Public Holiday

Zweiter Weihnachtstag - Second Day of Christmas; December 16th, Public Holiday

The purpose of this website is to inform viewers about the status of children in Germany. This site was created by Julie Bernzweig, Christina Carpenter, Sarah Mayhall, and Lorena Quintana as part of a collaborative web project for the first year writing seminar Children & Society at Tulane University taught by Professor April Brayfield.

Updated December 8th, 2004