There are many problems with health and healthcare in Ethiopia and children suffer greatly because of these problems. One problem is famine. Most Ethiopians depend on crops for their food. In the late 1970's there were droughts which ruined many crops, and in the 1980's about one million people died from starvation. Also only 25% of the population in Ethiopia recieve safe water. Another problem is the poor health facilities. The nearest health service to many is three days away by foot. Poverty is another factor in poor health and health care. Poverty leads to poor parental care, unsanitary housing conditions and higher rates of respiratory and other infections.
The Effects on Children
In 1993, 204 out 1000 children under the age of five died, and 47.6% of children under the age of five suffer from being underweight and having moderate and severe growth problems. Malnutrition, infections and other diseases contribute to the high child mortality rate. Because of these poor health conditions, many children in Ethiopia die.
The government has tried to help. The Ethiopian government tried to lay out guidelines for villagisation. These guidelines were issued by the Ministry of Agriculture of Ethiopia. The guidelines say that the Ethiopian government is going to try to expand the production of crops, facilitate access to schools, clinics, and water supplies. This would be beneficial if it were passed. The government also has launched a five year National Vitamin A Deficiency control program, which distributed Vitamin A capsules to 2.5 million children, began in 1989.
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Cohen, J.M. "Villagisation in Ethiopia's Arsi Region." The Journal of Modern African Studies 25.3 (1987):436.
Regions, Harage and Genet Mengistu. "Fertility and Child Mortality in Rural Ethiopia:" Journal of BioSocial Science 21:1 (1989): 115-121
Unicef(1995) "State of Ethiopia's Children, 1995" Unicef Online. online. Internet.(1995). Unicef