Wednesday January 16, 1861
The Senate's action on January 16, though critical, was just one of a series of defeats the Compromise encountered. In key votes on December 22 and December 24, 1860, the Crittenden Compromise failed to receive support in the Senate's Committee of Thirteen, and on December 31, the Committee reported to the Senate that it had not been able to agree on a plan of adjustment. On the last day of the session, March 4, the Crittenden Compromise finally came before the Senate and was defeated 19-20.
The Crittenden Compromise fared no better in the House, where the Committee of Thirty-Three centered its attention on other plans. When the Crittenden proposal was taken up by the House on February 27, it was rejected.
Bibliography: Rhodes, History, 3: 313; Potter, Lincoln and His Party, pp. 170-87, 302; Nevins, Emergence of Lincoln 2: 397-410; Stampp, And the War Came, pp. 136-41.