Information available at Tulane on notable women in Louisiana history may be found in the verticle file, archives, and library at the Newcomb College Center for Research on Women (WC), at he Howard-Tilton Library (HT), and the Amistad Research Center (AC). Videaos available at the Women's Center on women in Louisiana historyar "A Place of Thier Own: Four WOmen Writers of the Nineteenth Century in New Orleans," which contains information on Pearl Rivers, Grace King, and Kate Chopin, and "Southern Women in Politics Symposium."
Books containing general information on famous Louisiana women in history are:
Kate Chopin , 1850-1904
Kate Chopin is an author who, although originally born in St. Louis, MO, spent thirteen years of her married life in Louisiana. Her second and last novel, The Awakening , is perhaps her best known work. She has alsohas over 100 short stories published on periodicals such as the Saturday Evening Post, The Atlantic Monthly, and the Century.
Henriette Delille, 1813-1862
Social Worker, educator, co-founder of Sisters of the Holy Family
Henriette Delille was a free woman of color from New Orleans. She co-founded one of the first orders of African-American Catholic nuns, the Sisters of the Holy Family. THe order grew from several members to include a charity hospital, a school, two branch houses in the country, and the management of an orphan asylum.
The materials available at Tulane on Henriette Delille may be found at the Newcomb College Center for Research on Women in the verticle file under Sisters of the Holy Family.
Alice Ruth Moore Dunbar-Nelson, 1875-1935
Author, activist, educator
Alice Moore was born in New Orleans. After graduating from Straight College, now Dillard University, she published her first book, Violets and other Tales, which was a compilation of short stories, poems, and sketches. The book marked the beginning of her multifaceted career as an author of many genres, an activist, and an educator. A portion of her Cornell University master's thesis was published in the prestigious journal, Modern Language Notes, in 1909. The diary she kept during the 1920's and 1930's is one of her greatest contributions to the field of African-American women's literature because it is one of only two known diaries written by nineteenth century black women. Her activist work on race relations and suffrage involved serving on teh Delaware State Republican Committee, heading the Dyer Anti-Lynching Bill, directing activities among African-American women, and being a member of the delegation that addressed President Warren Harding at the White House on the issue of African-American concerns. Alice Moore was also co-founder of the Industrial School for Colored Girls in Marshallton, DE.
The materials available at Tulane on Alice Ruth Moore Dunbar-Nelson may be found at the archives in the Amistad research center.
Angela Gregory, 1903, 1990
Sculptor and educator
Angela Gregory was bor in New Orleans. After studying in Paris under famed French sculptor, Antoine Bourdelle, she returned to her home city to teach at Newcomb College. She was and artist-in-residence at Newcomb College, as well as a sculptor-in-residence at St. Mary's Dominican College, where she was awarded the honor of professor emeritus. Her sculptures may be seen at St. Gabriel Church, St Gabriel, LA; the Delgado Museum of Art; La Tour Caree, Stepmonts, France; Louisiana State University; and the State Capital; among others.
The materials avialable at Tulane on Angela Gregory may be found at the archives in the Southeast Architectural Archive. At the Women's Center, there are transcripts of oral history interviews with speeches by Angela Gregory.
Kate and Jean Gordon,
Social reformers and suffragists
Kate Gordon, 1861-1932
Kate GOrdon is best known for her work to secure the woman's right to vote. In 1896 she founded the ERA Club to work for women's suffrage. She spoke at the National American Woman Suffrage Association convention in 1900, led the Louisiana stat suffrage association from 1804-1913, and influenced the Democratic National Convention of 1916 to endorse suffrage on thier platform.
Jean Gordon, 1865-1932
Jean Gordon focused her life on social service. She worked to help get the Child Labor Act of 1906 passed. A clause in the act allowed women to become factory inspectors, and she was the first woman to hold the position. Her concern for the plight of children and the mentally challenged led her to become president of the Milne Asylum for Destitute Orphan Girls, where she established a model home-school for the care and vocational education of the mentally handicapped. She also helped establish daycare for working nothers and directed the Louisiana State Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.
Materials available at Tulane on Kate Gordon may be found at the NCCROW in the verticle file. Information on Jean Gordon may be found in th "Study of the Milne Home School for Girls," a thesis from 1935 in the HT archives. The Women's Center has the video "Southern Women in Politics Symposium" which contains information on the Gordon sisters.
Margaret Haughery, 1813-1882
Philanthropist, businesswoman, and social worker
Margaret Haughery grew up a penniless Irish immigrant. When she came to New Orleans in 1835, her husband died of yellow fever. By the end of her life, she had established four orphanages, several homes for the elderly, and had transformed a bankrupt bakery business into the successful Margaret's Bakery, later called the Klotz Cracker Factory.
Materials available at Tulane on Margaret Haughery may be found at the NCCROW in the verticle file.
Clementine Hunter, 1887-1988
Clementine Hunter is thought to have begun her career as a painter in her fifties. "Outsider Art" is the term used to describe her self-taught style of primitive folk paintings. She was the first African-American to exhibit her work in the New Orleans Meuseum of Art.
The materials available at Tulane on Clementine Hunter may be found at the NCCROW in the verticle file.
Sarah Agnes Estelle (Sadie) Irvine, 1887-1970
Craftswoman and educator.
Sadie Irvine was known for the pottery she produced at Newcomb College. In 1902, she began her studies at Newcomb, and remained there in graduate studies as an art crastman and instructor until her retirement in 1953. After her retirement, she taught at Sacred Heart Academy in New Orleans.
Materials available at Tulane on Sadie Irvine may be found in the Newcomb Archives under Mary Ellen Hunter Irvine, or in the HT manusripts dept. under Sadie Agnes Estelle Irvine.
Mahalia Jackson 1911-1972
Gospel singer, producer, businesswoman
Mahalia Jackson became famous worldwide for her gospel music. She recorded over thirty albums and had a dozen gold records. She also had her own CBS radio program and television show in additon to managing several businesses. At the 1964 march on Washington, DC, she preceded Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech with a song.
Materials available at Tulane on Mahalia Jackson may be found at the AC in the archives.
Frances Joseph-Gaudet, 1861-1934
Prison reform worker and educator
Frances Joseph-Gaudet dedicated her life to social work. She assisted the Prison Reform Association by aiding unjustly accused prisoners with prayer meetings, letter writing, and clothing. She was also the first woman in ouisiana to support juvenile prisoners. She founded the Gaudet Normal and Industrial School in New Orleans in 1902 to help house and reform former juvenile prisoners. The school also served as a bording school where workng mothers could leave thier children.
Eliza Nicholson (Pearl Rivers), 1849-1896
Poet, newspaper owner, and editor
Eliza Nicholson became the first woman publisher of the Picayune. She, however, began her career as a poet, writing under the name Pearl Rivers, the river near where she was born, and in 1870 became the first Louisiana woman to earn a living working for a newspaper.
The Women's Center has the video "A Place of Thier Own: Four Women Writers of the Nineteenth Century in New Orleans" which contains information on Pearl Rivers.
Madame C. J. Walker (Sarah Breedlove), 1867-1919
Business woman, philanthropist, and inventor
Sarah Breedlove is considered the first black american woman millionaire, and one of the first self-made women millionaires. Born in Louisiana to former slaves, and orphaned at age 7, Sarah Breedlove eventually moved to Denver after being widowed and left with a child. She started her own line of hair care products, and with the help of her second husband, Charles Joseph Walker, set up a mail order business. By 1916, the Walker Company included a beauty school, and 20,00 male and female agents in the U.S., Central America, and the Caribean. She donated much of her money to the YMCA, and black schools, inidividuals, and organizations.